Chemistry Chapter 2- Matter Test

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Chemistry Chapter 2- Matter Test Powered By Docstoc
					Chemistry Chapter 2- Matter Test

Matching

        Match each item with the correct statement below.
        a. distillation                                d. compound
        b. mass                                        e. element
        c. chemical reaction                           f. homogeneous
   1.   amount of matter an object contains
   2.   describes mixture with a uniform composition
   3.   a process in which a liquid is boiled to produce a vapor that is condensed again into a liquid
   4.   substance that cannot be changed into simpler substances by chemical means
   5.   composed of two or more substances chemically combined in a fixed proportion
   6.   process in which substances are changed into different substances


Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

   7. Which of the following is NOT an example of matter?
      a. air                                          c. smoke
      b. heat                                         d. water vapor
   8. A golf ball has more mass than a tennis ball because it ____.
      a. takes up more space                          c. contains different kinds of matter
      b. contains more matter                         d. has a definite composition
   9. An example of an extensive property of matter is ____.

        a. temperature                                   c. mass
        b. pressure                                      d. hardness
  10.   All of the following are physical properties of matter EXCEPT ____.
        a. mass                                          c. melting point
        b. color                                         d. ability to rust
  11.   Which of the following is NOT a physical property of water?
        a. It has a boiling point of 100 C.
        b. It is a colorless liquid.
        c. It is composed of hydrogen and oxygen.
        d. Sugar dissolves in it.
  12.   Which of the following are considered physical properties of a substance?
        a. color and odor                                c. malleability and hardness
        b. melting and boiling points                    d. all of the above
  13.   A vapor is which state of matter?
        a. solid                                         c. gas
        b. liquid                                        d. all of the above
  14.   A substance that forms a vapor is generally in what physical state at room temperature?
        a. solid                                         c. gas
        b. liquid                                        d. liquid or solid
  15.   Which state of matter has a definite volume and takes the shape of its container?
        a. solid                                         c. gas
        b. liquid                                        d. both b and c
  16.   Which state of matter takes both the shape and volume of its container?
      a. solid                                          c. gas
      b. liquid                                         d. both b and c
17.   Which state of matter is characterized by having an indefinite shape, but a definite volume?
      a. gas                                            c. solid
      b. liquid                                         d. none of the above
18.   Which state of matter is characterized by having a definite shape and a definite volume?
      a. gas                                            c. solid
      b. liquid                                         d. all of the above
19.   Which state of matter expands when heated and is easy to compress?
      a. gas                                            c. solid
      b. liquid                                         d. all of the above
20.   All of the following are physical properties of a substance in the liquid state EXCEPT ____.
      a. indefinite volume                              c. not easily compressed
      b. definite mass                                  d. indefinite shape
21.   Which of the following is a physical change?
      a. corrosion                                      c. evaporation
      b. explosion                                      d. rotting of food
22.   Which of the following CANNOT be classified as a substance?
      a. table salt                                     c. nitrogen
      b. air                                            d. gold
23.   Which of the following is a heterogeneous mixture?
      a. air                                            c. steel
      b. salt water                                     d. soil
24.   Which of the following is true about homogeneous mixtures?
      a. They are known as solutions.
      b. They consist of two or more phases.
      c. They have compositions that never vary.
      d. They are always liquids.
25.   Which of the following is a heterogeneous mixture?
      a. vinegar in water                               c. oil and vinegar
      b. milk                                           d. air
26.   Which of the following is a homogeneous mixture?
      a. salt water                                     c. sand and water
      b. beef stew                                      d. soil
27.   Separating a solid from a liquid by evaporating the liquid is called ____.
      a. filtration                                     c. solution
      b. condensation                                   d. distillation
28.   An example of a homogeneous mixture is ____.
      a. water                                          c. noodle soup
      b. stainless steel                                d. oxygen
29.   Which of the following items is NOT a compound?
      a. baking soda                                    c. sucrose
      b. salad dressing                                 d. table salt
30.   Which of the following is true about compounds?
      a. They can be physically separated into their component elements.
      b. They have compositions that vary.
      c. They are substances.
      d. They have properties similar to those of their component elements.
31.   A substance that can be separated into two or more substances only by a chemical change is a(n) ____.
      a. solution                                       c. mixture
      b. element                                       d. compound
32.   Which of the following materials is a substance?
      a. air                                           c. stainless steel
      b. gasoline                                      d. silver
33.   What is one difference between a mixture and a compound?
      a. A compound consists of more than one phase.
      b. A compound can only be separated into its components by chemical means.
      c. A mixture can only be separated into its components by chemical means.
      d. A mixture must be uniform in composition.
34.   Which of the following represents a compound?
      a. H                                             c. H2O
      b. H-3                                           d. O-16
35.   The chemical formula of a compound does NOT indicate the ____.
      a. identity of the elements in the compound
      b. how elements are joined in the compound
      c. the composition of the compound
      d. relative proportions of the elements in the compound
36.   Which of the following is a chemical property?
      a. color                                         c. freezing point
      b. hardness                                      d. ability to react with oxygen
37.   In the chemical reaction in which sucrose is heated and decomposes to form carbon dioxide and water, which of the
      following is a reactant?
      a. sucrose                                       c. water
      b. carbon dioxide                                d. heat
38.   What must occur for a change to be a chemical reaction?
      a. There must be a change in chemical properties.
      b. There must be a change in physical properties.
      c. The change must involve a change in mass.
      d. The change must involve a change in volume.
39.   Which of the following is NOT a physical change?
      a. grating cheese                                c. fermenting of cheese
      b. melting cheese                                d. mixing two cheeses in a bowl
40.   All of the following changes to a metal are physical changes EXCEPT ____.
      a. bending                                       c. rusting
      b. melting                                       d. polishing
41.   Which of the following processes does NOT involve a change in chemical properties?
      a. rusting                                       c. boiling
      b. fermenting                                    d. burning
42.   Which of the following is a chemical property of water at 4 C?
      a. its color
      b. its state
      c. its temperature
      d. its ability to decompose into hydrogen and oxygen
43.   Which of the following indicates that a chemical change has happened during cooking?
      a. The food darkens.
      b. Bubbles form in boiling water.
      c. Butter melts.
      d. Energy is transferred from the stove to a pan.
44.   Which of the following is true for all chemical reactions?
      a. The total mass of the reactants increases.
      b. The total mass of the products is greater than the total mass of the reactants.
     c. The total mass of the products is less than the total mass of the reactants.
     d. The total mass of the reactants equals the total mass of the products.
 45. When an iron nail is ground into powder, its mass ____.
     a. stays the same                                c. increases
     b. decreases                                     d. cannot be determined


Concept Map- Please construct on another piece of paper. Be sure to put your name and class period on it.

 46. Construct a matter concept map including the following items: matter, pure substance, mixture, solution, soil, sugar
     water, homogenous mixture, heterogeneous mixture, element, carbon, iron, compound, air, water, steel and sodium
     chloride. Remember to include connector phrases between items. (18 points)