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Infant_ Childhood_ and Adolescent Disorders by dffhrtcv3


									Infant, Childhood, and
Adolescent Disorders
        SW 593
 Assessment & Diagnosis
      Mental Retardation
Mild – IQ score between 55-70
Moderate – IQ score between 35-40
to 50-55
Severe: IQ score between 20-25 to
Profound: IQ score below 20-25
This is an Axis II diagnosis due the
chronic, long-term nature of the
      Learning Disorders
Distinguished by below average
cognitive or academic functioning
when compared to a person’s
intellectual capacity
A discrepancy of two standard
deviations is necessary to meet this
    Motor Skills Disorders
Distinguished by problems with
physical or perceptual coordination.
This disorder is not diagnosed if the
child’s problems are due to a medical
condition or are not significantly
greater than those motor functioning
problems normally found in children
with mental retardation.
    Communication Disorders
Distinguished by problems in the area of
language or speech development.
Five diagnoses are included in this general
–   Expressive language
–   Mixed receptive – expressive language
–   Phonological disorder
–   Stuttering
–   Communication disorder NOS
Pervasive Development Disorders
Distinguished by serious problems with an
array of social and developmental delays
and disabilities.
Children have severe impairment is social
functioning and communication as well as
severely restricted behaviors, interests,
and activities.
Neurological dysfunction is present in all
of these disorders.
Attention Deficit and Disruptive
      Behavior Disorders
Distinguished by problems with
attention and behavioral conduct.
Frequently diagnosed in school-age
ADHD is composed of two major
symptom categories:
– Inattention
– Hyperactivity/impulsivity
 Attention Deficit and Disruptive
       Behavior Disorders
A child may be diagnosed with either of
these syndromes or with both of them.
Children with ADHD begin to show
symptoms of the disorder before the age
of 7.
Oppositional Defiant disorder will display
at least four disruptive, negative, and
defiant behaviors for at least 6 months.
A child with ODD does not engage in
unlawful behaviors.
 Attention Deficit and Disruptive
       Behavior Disorders
Conduct disorder children do participate in
activities that violate social norms and
may constitute illegal and criminal
Four broad categories:
–   Aggression to people or animals
–   Destruction of property
–   Deceitfulness or theft
–   Serious violations of rules
These behaviors are repetitive and form a
pattern that significantly impairs social or
academic functioning.
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Distinguished by problems with the
process of eating and retaining food
or eating inappropriate food.
– Pica
– Rumination disorder
– Feeding disorder of infancy or early
     Elimination Disorders
Distinguished by problems with
bowel or bladder control.
Encopresis is diagnosed in children 4
years of age or older.
Enuresis is marked by repeated
urination in bed or clothing at least
twice a week for at least 3 months.
         Tic Disorders
Distinguished by irresistible
movements and/or vocal sounds.
Tourette’s syndrome is identified by
having both motor and vocal tics.
        Other disorders
Separation anxiety disorder
Selective mutism
Reactive attachment
Stereotypic movement
Disorder of Infancy, Childhood, and
Adolescence NOS

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