Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): Proposed Table of Contents

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					                                                        E1781 V6

        REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN



   AZERBAIJAN AMELIORATION AND WATER
       FARM JOINT STOCK COMPANY



              ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL ASSESSMENT
FOR WATER SUPPLY AND WASTEWATER SYSTEM INVESTMENTS FOR 4 RAYONS
              (AGSU, ISMAYILLI, SIYAZAN AND SHABRAN)
   WITHIN SECOND NATIONAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT

           ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REPORT



                          SIYAZAN RAYON




                  EPTISA Servicios de Ingenieria, S.L
                 Hydrometeorology Consulting Company




                         Baku-November 2010




                                                               1
TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABREVIATIONS ...............................................................................................................................4

SUMMARY… ……………………………………………………..…….…..……………………………….5
1.0        INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………..……………………….24
           1.1  Context of the EIA ……………………………………….…................................................24
           1.2        Purpose of the EIA ……………………………………….....................................................26
           1.3        Methodology ………………………………………………………………………………..27
2.0        POLICY, LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAMEWORK……………………………………28
           2.1   Policy Framework ……………………………………….…………………………..……..28
           2.2         Legal Framework …………………………………………...................................................32
           2.3         Administrative Framework …………………………………………………………………34
3.0        PROJECT DESCRIPTION ……………………………………………………………………........37
           3.1   Problem Statement………………………………………..…………………………………37
           3.2         Project Identification ………………..…………………..…………………………………..43
           3.3         Map of project area and the location of project infrastructure
                       to be included……………………..…………………………………………………………54
           3.4        Legal and Institutional Strengthening………………………………......................................57
4.0        BASELINE DATA ……………………………………….……….………………………………...59
           4.1  Bio-Physical Description of Project Area ……………………………………………….....59
           4.2         Socio-Economic Description of the Project Area ………….................................................66
           4.3         Projected Changes In Project Area…………………………………………………………70
           4.4         Data Reliability ……………………………………………………………………….........70
5.0        ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ………………………..…………………………….....................71
           5.1         Environmental Issues…………………………………………………………………..........71
           5.2         Potential Positive Project Impacts …………………………………………………….........72
           5.3         Potential Negative Project Impacts and Mitigation Measures ……………………………...73
           5.4         Data Evaluation ……………………………………………………………………………..84
6.0        ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES ……………………………………………………………......85
           6.1  No Project Scenario ……………………………………….................................................85
           6.2         Water Supply System improvement only …………………................................................86
           6.3         Water Supply and Waste Water Management System improvement ……………………..88
7.0          PUBLIC CONSULTATION……………………………………………………………………….91
8.0        ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN …………………………………………………...100
           8.1  Application of Mitigation Measures ………………………………………………………108
           8.2         Monitoring ………………………………………………………………………………...115
           8.3          Capacity assessment for the Environmental Management of the Project ……………......120
                       List of references……………………………………………………….………………....120
ANNEXES…………………………………………………………………………………………………..121



                                                                                                                                                2
ANNEX I. Project Area in Siyazan region
ANNEX II. Proposed WS option

Annex III. Proposed Sewage System option
ANNEX IV. Proposed alternative Sewage System option
ANNEX V. Proposed water distribution system
ANNEX VI. Drinking water quality requirementa and standards
ANNEX VII. Water quality analysis results of Siyazan
ANNEX VIII . Characteristics of surface water intended for the abstraction of drinking water
ANNEX IX Treated waste water and sludge requirements
ANNEX X. Summary report of consultation meetings with key stakeholders
ANNEX XI. Public meeting on discussion of EİA report for Siyazan




                                                                                               3
ACRONYMS and ABBREVIATIONS

ADB       Asian Development Bank
AZERSU    Azersu Joint Stock Company
AZN       AZN Azeri New Manats
AWFC      Azerbaijan Amelioration and Water Farm Joint Stock Company
FS        Feasibility Study
HH        Household
IBRD      International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (The World Bank)
IT        Information Technology
IDA       International Development Association
IDP       Institutional Development Plan
masl      Meters above sea level
MENR      Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources
mm        Millimeters
MoH       Ministry of Health
O&M       Operation and Maintenance
P.A.      Per Annum
PIU       Project Implementation Unit
Project   Second National Water Supply and Sanitation Project – Feasibility Study for 16
          Rayons in Azerbaijan
SNWSSP    Second National Water Supply and Sanitation Project
SSC       State Statistics Committee
TOR       Terms of References
UN        United Nations
VAT       Value Added Tax
WB        World Bank
WHO       World Health Organization
WSS       Water supply and sanitation
WW        Wastewater
WWTP      Wastewater Treatment Plant




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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. GENERAL

The Azerbaijan Second National Water Supply and Sanitation (SNWSS2) Project is financed by the
Government of Azerbaijan and World Bank. The employer for the project is Azerbaijan Amelioration and
Water Farm Joint Stock Company (AWFC) .

Gauff and Temelsu JV Int. Eng. Ser. Inc. Joint Venture is contracted to prepare Feasibility Studies of Water
Supply and Wastewater Investments in 16 Rayons.


The first phase of the project includes Aghsu, Ismayilli, Shabran and Siyazan rayons. This feasibility report
has been concentrated on for Siyazan region water and sanitation investments proposed to be financed under
the noted project.. Eptisa (Spain) in association with Hydrometeorology Consulting Company (Azerbaijan)
is contracted to prepare the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the proposed project to assess the
environmental and social impacts of project and to identify the mitigation measures both during construction
and operation. This EIA study provides recommendations on mitigation measures and proposes an
environmental management plan including mitigation measures and proper monitoring actions to reduce and
prevent impacts form the proposed civil works.
.
Siyazan rayon center which is project area has been located in the east of the Greater Caucasus. Siyazan
territory consists of plain-foothill and highland zones. The rayon’s economic activity is based on agriculture.
Local people mainly deal with grain and vegetable growing and stock farming. According to the population
census made in 2009, the total rural and urban population of the rayon is 37,100 in the Siyazan people. The
population density is approximately 53 capita per km2. There are 32 villages within the rayon area. The
wastewater treatment plant will also receive the wastewater from Buyukhemmye village located downstream
of the project area in addition to the communities served by water supply and sewerage collection. Estimated
population figures in 2010 for water supply and sewerage collection is 28,800(covering almost all population
of the project area) and for wastewater treatment is 34 000. on year 2030.

2. EXISTING SITUATION

Water Supply
There are no water sources on the territory of the rayon. Siyazan town as well as some neighbour villages
are supplied from Baku I and II water pipeline, which originates to the north of the rayon and which passes
through the rayon. There are no meters at water intake and distribution points. The existing water supply
system is based on 5 pumping stations and 2 reservoirs (one with the capacity of 800 m3 and another 700
m3.) which are situated on a hill above the town. The amount of water consumed in overall Siyazan Rayon is
estimated to be around 2,5 million m3/year, but available information on water consumption is not reliable.
This information is not a reliable one, but it is the only available data.
                                                                                                              5
The municipal water supply and distribution network was commissioned in 1954-1966 (~6 km) and
tremendously expanded in 1978-1988 (~29 km). The network has slightly grown 1998-2000 (4,1 km) and
2006-2009 (2,8 km). The number of people served by the water supply network in Siyazan town is 12,200
persons, which is 54 % of total population .Total length of existing supply and distribution lines is ~51 km.
The main pipe material is steel( possess diameters between 50 and 250 mm).


Two pumping stations (~33 masl) feed the water supply network directly from third pipeline. In Pumping
Station 4 only one of original two pumps from Soviet times is working. Due to its limited head it is not used
for filling the reservoirs. Also the pump of Pumping Station 5 is old and weak (no data) and cannot be
considered for future solutions. Water losses from leakages are calculated to 50-60 % of the water balance.


Laboratory tests made during the project preparation shows compliance of drinking water with GOST 2874-
82 -“potable water” standards, except for bacteriological standards. Waters supply is constrained to 8 hours
a day. 1,290 water meters have been installed.


Wastewater System:
The sanitation network is functioning only in the center of Siyazan town. This network is mainly connected
to administrative, cultural, medical and commercial buildings.


Siyazan Sukanal operates and maintains its sewerage network and its mechanical wastewater treatment plant
through its own department. Only a few main sewers are operational and the condition of the secondary
network is very bad. The percent of the town population that is connected to sewer system is approximately
15-20%, and the percentage that benefits from the sewer system is declining as the system itself deteriorates.
More and more parts of the network seem to get out of order. The facilities for mechanical treatment of
wastewater are in very poor condition so that rehabilitation is not suitable.
Due to the topographic conditions sewerage collection by gravity is possible in Siyazan. The existing
sewerage network has a diameter of 150-300 mm and consists mainly of asbestos cement (~13,8 km). It was
reported that at least 9 km of these pipes have expired their lifetime and must be replaced. When replacing of
asbestos cement     requirements by WB ( See section 8) will be followed according to the environmental
management plan. Some sections of the sewer network are made of steel (~2.1 km) and have significant
problems with corrosion and breakdown.


The majority of Siyazan inhabitants and surrounding villages use actually pits on their properties or drainage
channels to dispose municipal wastewater. The sludge collected in the pits is regularly removed by suction
trucks and illegally discharged to the surrounding area. In 1970 a small sedimentation pond has been built for



                                                                                                              6
sludge collection which is reported to never have been operated. Due to the constraints of the sewerage
system (deepest point) this area can not be used for a new wastewater treatment plant (WWTP).
Untreated waste waters flow to drainage canals and further into the Caspian Sea

3. PROBLEMS

The problem of water supply in the town is among the most crucial matters. Water has been supplied
intermittently. The hygienic conditions within the houses were are poor due to unsupplied drinking water.
Almost 1/10th of the families pay for water supplied by the truck. Most of the houses don’t have a water
metering device therefore their payment has been decided by an inspector of Local Birleshmish Su Kanal
Authority. A large amount of water leakage was observed at the pump stations of water system. Physical
losses sum up to estimated loss rates of more than 70%.


The water quality analysis has been carried out in Siyazan at two locations which are Baku I and II pipelines.
The collected sample fits into the WHO, EU and Azeri drinking water standards(See Annexes).


Untreated wastewater discharged to the small canals and wastewater seeping from the septic tanks to ground
result in groundwater contamination, odour and hygienic problems in Siyazan rayon center.         In addition,
ground water resources which are partly used by the consumers in Siyazan Rayon center are contaminated
with the wastewater leaking from the septic tanks and reaching to the aquifers. The sewerage system under
construction is not designed well to make house connections efficiently.


Also, the unhealthy situation of the existing wastewater treatment plant imposes a health and safety risk to
conditions of the people living around it.


In general existing problems are depletion of existing water supply and sanitation (WSS) assets due to lack
of sustainable investments and insufficient capacities for Operation and Maintenance (O&M), little
appreciation of public infrastructure sector and its organizations due to bad quality and service – consumers
implement their individual solutions without a general concept, limited budgets, low awareness of hygienic
interrelations of water supply, wastewater disposal and livestock farming cause high rates of water borne
diseases and major WSS supply lines and other facilities often affected by landslides and earthquakes.


In particular in the Water Supply system there is lack of mechanism for application of legislation to water
withdrawal from Water Transmission Pipelines, no sound legal protection of future investments, limited
number and capacity of water supply pumps and reservoirs – no extension according to growth of population
and industry, damages caused by great age, low material quality and insufficient installation depth of pipes
lead to high losses within the water distribution network. Interrupted water supply and temporarily empty
pipes cause bad water quality at house connections (bacteria, sediments, rust etc). There are hygienic

                                                                                                             7
problems by private water storage tanks. New water supply lines/areas were implemented on the standards of
the old systems i.e. regular steel pipes and manually operated pumps and valves Manual operation of the
water distribution system – no automation and control. Preference of gravity flow systems and bad reputation
of pumps – as high manual effort and energy cost necessary to operate the existing old pumps.


Wastewater collection, treatment and discharge is considered to be of minor importance compared to water
supply facilities – it is low priority and receives very little investment. Damages of existing sewers results in
irregular wastewater flows at the surface . There are too few shafts causing very limited access to existing
sewer network, no equipment for maintenance and repair – no chance for troubleshooting. Sewerage disposal
in unlined pits leads to pollution of ground and surface water – as private wells are also used for water supply
this constitutes a serious health risk. Sludge disposal from pits and septic tanks is done illegally outside the
municipal area


Socio-Economic Situation is characterised by the low connection rate to public water supply network
(estimated at 54%) – many people are used to living with little water as they must carry it for a longer
distance or buy it from tank trucks and also low connection rate (15-20% of population) to wastewater
system. Bathrooms not common in the Rayon towns – improvement requires modification or extension of the
houses and will depend on economic possibilities of the owners. Toilets mostly outdoor using open pits
without flushing – future connection to a new sewer system will depend on personal interest and require
private investments. Popular cohabitation with livestock within the urban settlement without sufficient
disposal of excrements.


Institutional Situation is characterised by the low level of support for Local Sukanal (water agency)
Departments by central organizations and institutions, and very limited provision of know how, equipment,
vehicles etc. from central departments, institutional complexity and dependency on central organizations and
institutions inhibits solutions and investments on Rayon level. National Water Supply Tariffs are not cost-
effective to cover necessary investments – for better water quality and 24 hour supply the majority of
consumers need to agree to higher rates. The current tariff rates apply to a normative demand which is much
higher than actual. Value and qualification of Rayon Sukanal staff are affected by the need of manual
handling and trouble shooting. They are not in line with future O&M requirements. Scepticism of villages
concerning incorporation by the cities and/or integration by larger WSS organizations – disadvantages due to
limited independence and priority of the city. The management structure and skills of Sukanals are poorly
aligned for operating as a service industry.


There is an immediate need to address these issues through development and implementation of an efficient
and effective WSS system that is affordable to local communities and which meets the needs of the range of
stakeholders that it must serve.

                                                                                                                8
    4. PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The Government of Azerbaijan is planning the implementation of National Water Supply and Sanitation
Project with the financial assistance of World Bank since 2007. The second phase of the same project has
been approved on date 27 May 2008 as Second National Water Supply and Sanitation Project (SNWSSP).
The implementing agency of this second phase project is Azerbaijan Amelioration and Water Management
Open Stock Company AWMC.


The general objective of this Project is to improve the availability, quality, reliability, and sustainability of
water supply and sanitation (WSS) services in 16 of Azerbaijan's regional (rayon) centers. Better
infrastructure services of the secondary towns and cities shall be implemented to improve living conditions,
reduce poverty and support local economic growth.


Gauff and Temelsu JV consortium is contracted to prepare Feasibility Studies of Water Supply and
Wastewater Investments in 16 Rayons, one of which is Siyazan Rayon. The contract for this work entered
into force on 16th March 2010 with a mobilization period: of 30 days. Official Project Commencement date
wais the 5th of April 2010 and scheduled completion date is 5th of April 2011. The project is intended to
provide better infrastructure services of the secondary towns and cities in order to improve living conditions,
reduce poverty and support local economic growth.
The Project contains 3 components(See Chapter 3 of the main text).:


The Project aims to achieve its objectives through:


       Implementation of a new, efficient and appropriately sized water and sanitation infrastructure by
        rehabilitation of existing facilities and construction of new ones where this is necessary.
       Determination of the operational bottlenecks of the water and sanitation system and development of
        project proposals to improve efficiency
       Strengthening of local know how and capacity to deliver and maintain these services
       Developing a sense of local ownership through community participation..

The water source for the proposed project in Siyazan rayon is the Baku Water Transmission Line. As
indicated above, laboratory water tests, samples complies of both USSR ГОСТ 2874-82 drinking water
quality standards as well as EU, WHO and EPA criteria.”.

In the proposed system, water will be extracted from both Ist and IInd Baku Water Transmission Lines. There
would be 3 pumping stations and 2 reservoirs with 2,500 m3 and 1,200 m3 capacities. Reservoir No:1 will
feed Zone 1 and Reservoir No:2 will feed Zone 2. There is another small reservoir near PS 2. On the other
hand PS1 feeds PS2 and PS2 feeds Reservoir No:1.


                                                                                                                9
Within the scope of the Project polyethylene based corrugated pipes will be laid in a wastewater network and
a new Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) will be constructed just at the end of adjacent to the city and
close to 1st Baku Water Transmission Line. The land belongs to the municipality.

General characteristics of the Plant are the Population Equivalent: 34 000 person (2030) , Daily Flow: 7,000
m3/d , Dry Weather Peak Flow: 118 l/s and Rainy Weather Peak Flow: 167 l/s

The WWTP will comprise: Screens and Inlet Pumping Station, Aerated Grit Chamber, Flow Measurement,
Primary Sedimentation Tanks, Activated Sludge Tanks, Final Sedimentation Tanks, Return Sludge and
Excess Sludge Pumping Station, Gravity Thickeners, and Sludge Drying Beds

Treated wastewater will be discharged to the drainage trench near the plant, which connects to Caspian Sea.
Water borne diseases are expected to decrease in time with the upgrade of infrastructure facilities in the
rayon.
Expected project benefits in the project area are the prevention of the ground and surface water pollution,
protection of the public health, prevention of wasting of water resources and energy and prevention of the
soil pollution and supply of free fertilizers (i.e. sludge of proper quality from the WWTP) to farmers

5. INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS

In Azerbaijan the following organizations are engaged in questions of water resources
management:
        The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources;
        Amelioration and Water Farm JSC
        Azersu JSC
        Ministry of Health with the Center on Epidemiology and Hygiene

    Responsibilities of above agencies are described in the Chapter 2 of the main text.


6. EIA PROCESS

Eptisa (Spain) in association with Hydrometeorology Consulting Company (Azerbaijan) is contracted to
prepare the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the proposed project to: (i) assess the environmental
and social impacts of project, (ii) identify the mitigation measures both during construction and post
development and (iii) prepare an environmental management and monitoring plan..


The issues covered by the EIA study are focusing on the most important environmental and social impacts
of the project, and especially to raise concerns of the impacted households . The EIA also identifies which of
the project activities has a potential to interact with the environment in the specific context of the natural,
regulatory (i.e. legal) and socio-economic environments in which these activities will occur.


                                                                                                              10
Scoping was conducted early in the EIA process so that a focus on the priority issues (i.e. those that have the
greatest potential to affect the natural and/or socio-economic environment) could be established for the rest
of the EIA process. Scoping also helped identify gaps in the environmental, socio-economic and engineering
information that need to be addressed so that an informed impact assessment can be completed.


Different categories of issues, as identified below, were considered in the EIA. The potential beneficial and
adverse effects in each category were identified based on literature review, onsite data collection and
surveying, intensive investigations by individual experts through field surveys and site specific
investigations.


The following categories of impacts were considered:
  1) Natural plants Flora and their habitat impacts were investigated using available technical reports and
       through field survey.
  2) Natural animal, birds Fauna and their habitat were investigated using available technical reports and
       through field survey.
  3) Surface and groundwater data were obtained from available reports and were used to map surface and
       groundwater existence. Later these data were used to assess the hydrogeology and surface water
       catchments.
  4) Agricultural impacts were investigated by looking at the agricultural values, gathering crop and soil
       types, and through field survey.
  5) Air quality impacts were based on generalized regional level data combined with growth forecasts. In
       addition, acoustic impacts (noise and vibration) were investigated.
  6) Socio-economic impacts (living and employment conditions) were investigated using available data
       and the data of the of State Statistical Committee.
  7) Municipal services and utilities impacts (water supply, sewerage system, solid waste collection and
       disposal, electricity, telecommunication, etc.) were investigated using existing information and the
       Region Master Plan. Site visits enhanced these investigations.
  8) Health and safety measures have been investigated and identified as being in accordance with the
       national requirements and international Safety Guidelines
  9) Further impacts and assessments were investigated through field survey and site visits.


In this section, identified Project components and project-related issues associated with those components
have been integrated to identify the extent to which the project may impact the natural and social
environmental components and the significance of those impacts has been assessed on national, community
and local scales. For assessment of what level of significance to assign to an environmental component and/
or the potential impact of a project on an environmental component an objective methodology is required to
permit assessment of the potential significance of environmental issues.

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In the    evaluation process a semi-quantitative analysis has been undertaken, to summarize “Valued
environmental components” (VEC’s) according to whether they are “high”, “medium” or “low”.             Valued
environmental components that are valued as “high” are those that are broadly important across society.
VEC’s that are ranked as “medium” are those that are important at a community level, but are of limited
significance at a wider level. VEC’s that are ranked as “low” are significant at a localized level. All these
issues have been taken into consideration during development of mitigation measures and Environment
Management Plans.



7. PROJECT ALTERNATIVES

Following alternatives have been considered during the EIA process:


        No Project Scenario
        Water Supply System improvement only
        Water Supply and Waste Water Management System improvement
For the water supply of Siyazan rayon center there are two alternatives exists. The first alternative is to
supply water from Tahtakorpu-Ceyranbatan Canal; and the second alternative is to supply water from Baku
I and II water transmission lines. The first alternative is a combination of one Drinking Water Treatment
Plant and two same reservoirs and the third water reservoir as in case of second alternative. The second
alternative includes three pumping stations and two main reservoirs.
There are no main technical alternatives for reconstruction of water distribution network except the sub-
alternatives like the type of pipe material.
There are no main technical alternatives for reconstruction of sewerage collection system.
The wastewater treatment plant option has been evaluated from the point of economy and operability of
process alternatives. The extended aeration process with sludge drying beds is selected by Gauff and
Temelsu JV.
Information on existing alternatives and recommended variants is given in section 6


8. PUBLIC CONSULTATION
This activity is aimed at informing identified stakeholders and other interested parties concerning the project
and gathering perspectives from them. Public consultation presents stakeholders with the opportunity to
voice both their positive opinions and their concerns and to enable these issues to be addressed in the EIA
and incorporated into the project design.
A round table meeting was held on 09 June, 2010 and hosted by the Executive Power of Siyazan region.
Representatives of different agencies, Amelioration JSC, Azersu , MoE and NGOs attended and their
concerns were also reported. The meeting was solely dedicated for defining the scope of the EIA..

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Workshop was organized on October 22 2010 in the meeting venue provided by the Shabran Rayon
Executive Power to discuss developed EIA for the proposed WSS projects. It was advertised 15 days before
this date and also many of stakeholders have been invited by the Rayon Executive Power beforehand to
attend it.
 The representative of EPTİSA lead consortium provided the general information about the Project to
participants and answered asked questions. Main discussions where about proposals of Project Alternatives,
Proposal Water sources , Environment Impact Assessment, Scheduled Activities for Environment
Management Plan, Proposed Mitigation Measures.
 The Presented findings were been actively discussed. Discussions topics were related to water supply,
location of waste water treatment plant, sewer canals, project schedule and employment of local people in
project construction work.
The environmental consultant of the PIU informed that provided proposals will be considered in the EIA.
Audience was informed that proposals related to the location of WWTP has been incorporated into EIA
and will be taken into account by the detailed design of the project together with the proposal related to
design of canal for transportation of treated waters and and their discharge point.


9. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

Measures for mitigating negative environmental impacts are directed at         minimizing possible negative
environmental and social-economic impacts during the construction and utilization phases of the       project.
These measures will be carried out by the construction company during the construction phase of the WSS
project and by the local Water Canal Company during utilization phase.


The Environmental Management Plan (EMP)               outlines the management mechanisms (i.e. working
arrangements) for how the environmental and social elements of the project should be managed from
detailed design and construction through operation.


The EMP is aimed at reduction to minimum level of any potentially negative environmental impacts during
construction and operation. It requires that all aspects of the works comply with the relevant legislation and
norms., and that measures to mitigate impacts identified in the EIA are implemented, and that environmental
monitoring and emergency measures are carried out during the construction works on the site. Within the
EMP required environmental controls and monitoring procedures are considered during construction and
after the work is completed. The Contractor is responsible for the implementation of these mitigation
measures and emergency measures during construction.


There are several mechanisms of ensuring delivery during construction of both general and site specific
mitigation developed through the EIAs. These include that the Contractor will further develop the outline
requirements of the EMP by designing individual Management Plans, for, project activities that include such
as oil and fuel storage, waste management, traffic management and pollution prevention.
A tabulated summary of the environmental management is presented below.


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There is an initial environmental assessment for the Category A typed project in the prepared project
Feasibility Study Document, where the “Rapid Environmental Assessment Checklist” was filled for both
sewerage and water supply systems. This checklist summarizes the existing project area in Siyazan and
potential environmental impacts, which the project may cause. According to the checklist some issues of
impact can take place in the project implementation. These issues then in the EIA process have been
compared with the “Valued Environmental Components and Potential Negative Effects” (Chapter 5.1)
and then relevant mitigation measures have been identified accordingly.



10. APPLICATION OF MITIGATION MEASURES

The potential main impacts and mitigation measures to reduce these impacts at the construction and
operation stages are summarized in the following table. The table includes It is based on recommendations
of the Feasibility Study document, together with additional measures that are considered necessary as a
result of the EIA process. which was added with necessary additional measures in the EIA process and
presented below .




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   Potential Main Environmental Impacts and Mitigation Measures

              ECOLOG                                                                                         ESTIMATED COST OF IMPACT              Responci-    Monitoring
              ICAL      POTENTIAL                                                                            MITIGATION MEASURES                   bility
  STAGES                                          IMPACT MITIGATION MEASURES
              COMPON    IMPACTS
              ENT
                        Dust, gases/aerosol       Dust prevention by watering and other means;               Provision of water: $10,000
                        associated        with    Transportation of grainy or dusty materials in the top-                                          Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                             No cost for other measures provided                Amelioration
                        construction    (toxic    coated trucks;                                             they are integrated into normal                    JSC
                        gasses discharged by      Watering of dust sources;                                  operating procedures
                        construction              Transportation of dust producing materials during
                        machineries,     wind     calm days (not in the windy days);
              Air
                        blown construction        Avoid making open fires;
              quality
                        materials etc.)           Avoid setting fire on residue grease, isolation
                                                  materials, and other substances;
                                                  Efficient use of machinery and other technologies;
                                                  Application of adequate construction methodologies
                                                  and facilities;
                                                  Careful implementation of works in vulnerable areas.
   Constru              Waste        pollution,   Protection of the surroundings of the construction site;   Provision of materials and cover to
ction stage             especially      wastes    Limited works in the vulnerable zones;                     prevent landslide risks: $10,000      Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                                                                                Amelioration
                        caused               by   Identify adequate areas to store residue materials, and    Traffic management signage: $5,000                 JSC
                        construction        and   transportation of all construction related effluent
                        domestic activities;      materials into the predetermined site;                     No cost for other measures provided
                        Material storage, civil   Control of erosion process;                                they are integrated into normal
                                                                                                             operating procedures
                        works and other           Provide earth stabilization/green cover over vertical
              Earth     impacts;                  points and slopes to minimize land slide risks;
                        Landfill of wastes        Prevent discharge of excavated material to the river
                        and other materials;      beds or lakes;
                        Impacts of excavation     Avoid unwanted traffic blockage, collect excavated
                        works;                    spoil material and discharge somewhere close to the
                        Possibility of erosion;   construction site;
                        Wastewater.               Discharge wastewater flows to the closest sewage
                                                  line, installation of toilets and septic tanks.



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         ECOLOG                                                                                          ESTIMATED COST OF IMPACT                   Responci-    Monitoring
         ICAL        POTENTIAL                                                                           MITIGATION MEASURES                        bility
STAGES                                        IMPACT MITIGATION MEASURES
         COMPON      IMPACTS
         ENT
                     Damage to the topsoil    Adequate design works and selection of proper route        Proper        storage      of      toxic
                     resulting        from    to minimize impact on the topsoil;                         materials/effluents: $12,500               Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                                                                                 Amelioration
                     material      storage,   Usage of excavated soil material for the agriculture       Measures against landslides addressed                   JSC
                     excavation      works,   purposes;                                                  above
                     temporary roads etc.     Cut, store and restore topsoil where possible after the
                     Loss of topsoil during   completion of the construction works;                      No cost for other measures provided
                                                                                                         they are integrated into normal
                     excavation;              Discharge of materials to the predetermined areas by       operating procedures.
                     Flushing of topsoil      secondary routs;
         Topsoil
                     and soil erosion due     Measures against land slides
                     to polluted water        Storage of toxic materials and effluents in the safe and
                     streams;                 predetermined areas, its provision with drainage
                                              waters, and processing where necessary;
                                              Standards applied, including soil erosion prevention
                                              by good soil practice and drainage control. Good soil
                                              conservation measures and effective reins to prevent
                                              future erosion and soil loss.
                   Pollution of surface                                                                  No   cost   for   identified    measures
                   and        groundwater     Avoid discharge of harmful chemical substances into provided they are integrated into normal Contractor Supervisor/
                                                                                                    operating procedures                              Amelioration
                   sources      due     to    sewage lines or ground surface;                                                                         JSC
                   domestic           and     Design and operation of natural drainage and
                   construction               consideration for alternative directions;
                   effluents, including       Discharge wastewater flows to the closest sewage
                   harmful       residues,    line, installation of toilets and septic tanks.
         Water
                   leakage of fuel and        Required standards applied, including safe removal of
         resources
                   other     oil related      wastewater during renovation works, use of
         and waste
                   products;                  appropriate equipment by workers and ongoing
         waters
                   Blockage of surface        liaison with residents and fencing off contaminated
                   and        groundwater     areas.
                   filtration and creation    Balanced use of water sources to avoid significant
                   of stagnant water          pressure on them in low flow period and also
                   accumulations.             eliminate water shortage problems for all users..
                   Water          scarcity
                   problems in low flow
                                                                                                                                                                      16
          ECOLOG                                                                                      ESTIMATED COST OF IMPACT            Responci-   Monitoring
          ICAL      POTENTIAL                                                                         MITIGATION MEASURES                 bility
STAGES                                        IMPACT MITIGATION MEASURES
          COMPON    IMPACTS
          ENT
                    periods of the year
                    connected       with
                    project and increase
                    of    water   supply
                    problem for other
                    users which use the
                    same sources




                    Disturbance due to        Use of adequate construction materials and No cost for identified measures
                    noise generated from      equipment;                                       provided they are integrated into normal Contractor Supervisor/
                                                                                               operating procedures                                Amelioration
                    construction works        Adherence to predetermined work schedule to                                                          JSC
                    and intensive traffic     minimize disturbance and implementation of noise
                                              generating works during normal work hours;
          Noise
                                              Minimum use of noise generating equipment
                                              (example, stone cutters, compressors);
                                              Minimize traffic during dark hours, and use of
Constru                                       silencers.
ction
stage               Disturbance of the        Adequate storage, processing or liquidation of wastes; No cost for identified measures
                    natural habitat due to    Application of relevant construction and seasonal provided they are integrated into normal Contractor Supervisor/
                                                                                                     operating procedures                           Amelioration
                    construction related      work methodologies;                                                                                   JSC
                    noise, dust, non-         Protection of vulnerable areas located close to the
          Natural
                    seasonal        works,    construction site.
          habitat
                    unprocessed residues
                    and etc.
                    Loss     of     natural
                    settlement areas due
                                                                                                                                                           17
          ECOLOG                                                                                         ESTIMATED COST OF IMPACT                   Responci-    Monitoring
          ICAL        POTENTIAL                                                                          MITIGATION MEASURES                        bility
STAGES                                          IMPACT MITIGATION MEASURES
          COMPON      IMPACTS
          ENT
                    to        construction
                    works.
                    Earthworks,                 Adequate storage, processing or liquidation of wastes;   Storage, processing, liquidation     of
                    operation           of      Protection of vulnerable areas located close to the      wastes addressed above                     Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                                                                                 Amelioration
                    machines, noise and         construction site;                                       No cost for other measures provided                     JSC
                    etc.;                       Application of seasonal work methodologies where         they are integrated into normal
                    Losses              or      necessary.                                               operating procedures.
          Flora and degradations during
          fauna     and after construction
                    works, non-seasonal
                    works, change of
                    ecological situation
                    etc.

                     Impact of works on         Careful design and location of works;                    Restoration/planting    of    greenery:
                     landscape           and    Restoration of damaged trees, protection lines and       $50,000                                    Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                                                                                 Amelioration
                     disturbance to natural     etc.;                                                    No cost for remaining measures                          JSC
          Aesthetics sights, greenness and      Planting of greenery in the construction site, careful   provided they are integrated into normal
          and        trees;                     implementation of works in the work sites, and           operating procedures.
          landscape Noise, dust, residue        management of wastes.
                     and etc. during and
                     after construction.
Constru
ction
                      Damage               to   Liaise effectively with relevant organizations and
stage                                                                                                    No cost for identified measures            Contractor   Supervisor/
                      agricultural     lands,   residents before start of construction, maintain
          Agricultu                                                                                      provided they are integrated into normal                Amelioration
                      including     drainage    dialogue, develop a grievance procedure, strictly        operating procedures.                                   JSC
          re
                      and          irrigation   control machinery and vehicle access and reinstate all
                      infrastructure.           affected areas
                      Livestock resources       Liaise effectively with farmers and residents before
                      damaged              by   start of construction, maintain dialogue, develop a      No cost for identified measures            Contractor   Supervisor/
          Livestock                                                                                      provided they are integrated into normal                Amelioration
                      machinery          and    grievance procedure, strictly control machinery and      operating procedures.                                   JSC
                      vehicles.                 vehicle access and reinstate all affected areas

                                                                                                                                                                      18
           ECOLOG                                                                                      ESTIMATED COST OF IMPACT                     Responci-    Monitoring
           ICAL         POTENTIAL                                                                      MITIGATION MEASURES                          bility
STAGES                                         IMPACT MITIGATION MEASURES
           COMPON       IMPACTS
           ENT
                     Health risks from      Planning of measures dealing with security and             Trainings: $25,000
                     unprocessed wastes;    environmental protection issues;                                                                        Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                       No cost for identified measures                           Amelioration
                     Use     of     harmful Adherence to project standards, good signage,              provided they are integrated into normal                  JSC
                     substances      (paintsongoing consultation with residents, including             operating procedures.
           Health    with heavy metal,      schools. All workers to use appropriate PPE and be
           and       lead compositions),    trained at project induction. Safety fencing provided.
                                                                                                       Construction of warehouse for temporal
           safety of asbestos-       cement Organization and implementation of security and            storage of hazardous wastes: $50,000
           residents slabs,    inflammable  safety related trainings; Requirements of y WB will be
           and       and toxic materials    followed(Chapter 8) when replacing the asbestos-
           workers   etc.).                 cement pipes.
                                            Management of materials in accordance with the
                                            relevant ecological and sanitary-hygiene norms;
                                            Identification     of     dangerous      sites,   proper
                                            storage/liquidation of waste materials.
                      Damage to areas of There are no areas of historic/cultural value to be           No cost for identified measures
           Areas of historical and cultural affected by project. But if it appears relevant measures   provided they are integrated into normal     Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                       operating procedures                                      Amelioration
           historical value located in the need to be taken                                                                                                      JSC
           and        project area          Staff awareness;
           cultural                         Inform adequate organizations in case of
           value                            archeological findings;
                                            Temporary termination of works.

                    Loss of property, land There no need for resettlement.                             Costs for resettlement (if   any) to be
           Resettlem                                                                                   negotiated by project        owner in        Contractor   Supervisor/
                    and damage to living For areas where lands used for agricultural crop
           ent                                                                                         accordance with relevant      legislation,                Amelioration
                    areas of population    production relevant plans need to be prepared, which        contractual   agreement      or     other                 JSC
           Land
                                           includes provision of replacement lands or                  documents.
           acquisitio
                                           compensation for lost access to plots of arable land
           n
                                           and lost fruit or nut trees.
Operatio   Risks to Quality of treated Operation supervision of treatment facilities in due            No cost for identified measures
n stage    human    water                  accordance with the operation guidelines;                   provided they are integrated into normal     Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                       operating procedures                                      Amelioration
(potable   health                          Quality control of water flows entering the system;                                                                   JSC
water      and                             Avoid pollution of treated waters with the wastewater
systems)   environm                        flows;
                                                                                                                                                                      19
           ECOLOG                                                                                       ESTIMATED COST OF IMPACT                   Responci-    Monitoring
           ICAL       POTENTIAL                                                                         MITIGATION MEASURES                        bility
STAGES                                         IMPACT MITIGATION MEASURES
           COMPON     IMPACTS
           ENT
           ent                                 Avoid over-chlorination of water flows supplied to the
                                               consumers.
                      Breakages         and    There is need to develop scheduled preventative          Training cost identified below
                      emergency situations     maintenance                                              No cost for remaining measures             Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                        provided they are integrated into normal                Amelioration
                                               Training of staff on safety and human security issues;   operating procedures                                    JSC
                                               Measures to avoid leakage of chlorine gas.
                      Reduction of treated     Prevent illegal connections to the system;               No cost for remaining measures
           Social-    water quantities         Proper operation of the system including water           provided they are integrated into normal   Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                        operating procedure                                     Amelioration
           economic                            treatment, pipelines, connection lines and etc.                                                                  JSC
           al                                  Ensure an affordable tariff structure and proper
                                               collection of fees.
                      Quality of wastewater    Constant monitoring of wastewater flows coming out       Monitoring         of       downstream
                      and its impacts on       of the wastewater treatment plant;                       environmental quality: $12,500 one time    Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                        every 2 years for 20 years                              Amelioration
                      human health and         Discharge of wastewater into the environment only                                                                JSC
                      environment              after adequate treatment;                                No cost for remaining measures
                                               Training of operation staff for their qualification      provided they are integrated into normal
                                               raising;                                                 operating procedures
                                               Monitoring of downstream habitats to evaluate the
                                               extent to which they return to their previously
           Risks to                            unpolluted state.
Operatio              Quality of sediments     Adequate processing of sludge;                           Monitoring     of     sludge   quality:
           human
n stage               in    the    treatment   Monitoring of nematodes, coliforms and heavy metals      $10,000/year                               Contractor   Supervisor/
           health
(sewage               structures (sludge),     in the composition of output sludge;
                                                                                                        Transportation of sludge $10,000/year                   Amelioration
           and                                                                                                                                                  JSC
and                   risks      due      to   Transportation of sludge in the closed containers;
           environm                                                                                     Training cost identified below
wastewa
           ental      agricultural             Training of operation staff for their qualification
ter)                  consumption of these     raising.
           impacts
                      wastes.                  Training In application of sludge, and monitoring of
                                               sludge application
                      Smell generations in     Planning and management of smell mitigation;             Odour masking agents: $US 5,000/year
                      the        wastewater    Tight shutting of smell producing equipment and                                                     Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                        No cost for remaining measures                          Amelioration
                      treatment structure;     containers.                                              provided they are integrated into normal                JSC
                                                                                                        operating procedures
           Safe       Risks    to    human Use of authorised sites for non-hazardous waste              Training: $25,000 in first year;
                                                                                                                                                                     20
               ECOLOG                                                                                                         ESTIMATED COST OF IMPACT                   Responci-    Monitoring
               ICAL           POTENTIAL                                                                                       MITIGATION MEASURES                        bility
 STAGES                                                    IMPACT MITIGATION MEASURES
               COMPON         IMPACTS
               ENT
               storage of health                           disposal; support and arrangements for setting $5,000/year in each following year                             Contractor   Supervisor/
               hazardous                                   facilities for hazardous waste safe storage                                                                                Amelioration
                                                                                                                              No cost for identified measures                         JSC
               and non-                                                                                                       provided they are integrated into normal
               hazardous                                                                                                      operating procedures
               wastes
                          Risks to health of               Training of staff on safety and human security issues;
                          residents and workers            Training of staff on sanitary and hygiene rules to                                                            Contractor   Supervisor/
                                                                                                                                                                                      Amelioration
                          and        to     the            prevent infections from wastewater discharges and                                                                          JSC
                          environment                      sludge residues;
               Human
                                                           Provide staff with adequate protection uniforms and
               health
                                                           facilities;
                                                           Measures to prevent emergency situations such as
                                                           leakage of chlorine gas.
                                                           Monitoring of drinking water and wastewater quality
 Note: All mitigation measures identified in this Table should be specified in all contracts for construction and operation of the project, and should also be including in all manuals or operating
 procedures that are developed.

In total around 200000 USD need to be allocated to implement main mitigation measures.




                                                                                                                                                                                           21
11. MONITORING
Conducting monitoring is the major strategic tool in environmental management and the extent of project
monitoring will be dependent on the nature, scale and potential impact of the project activities. Monitoring
may require the services of environmental specialists or a company with laboratory and analytical facilities
(for complex environmental problems) or inspection by the local government environmental officers.


The Main elements of the environmental monitoring plan in the construction phase are the dust, noise, solid
waste, waste water and soil monitoring. In the operations utilization phase monitoring of water volume in
water sources and water storages, microbiological and chemical composition of water distributed to people,
comparison to water standards, pollution level of sewage, waste waters after treatment/purification,
depositions settled in water cleaning plants, cleaned/treated sewage in the place where it joins to sewage
collector and soil where depositions generated in water cleaning plants will be used as fertilizers.


Monitoring of all activities during construction period will be under the responsibility of the Contractor,
performance of which will be controlled by the Amelioration JSC or supervisor appointed by JSC. The
Contractor will prepare an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) that addresses all aspects of the EMP
identifies above, and will establish a team for the monitoring activities. The Contractor will be responsible
for the compliance of the constructions with the national norms and standards. Monitoring of construction
activities will have to ensure that mitigation measures of construction impacts are being implemented
properly. Contractor’s Environmental Team will be subject to the government inspections from time to time.
An individual auditing company may also inspect the Contractor on a long-term basis, such as every 3
months or 6 months.


Monitoring responsibility of operation activities will be under the operator for the WWTP and under the
local authorities for the network systems. Performance of monitoring activities will be controlled by the
Amelioration JSC or supervisor appointed by JSC. Necessary and planned measurements should be realized
in WWTP in order to certify of fulfillment to discharge criteria. Again WWTP operator will be subject to the
government inspections from time to time.
Regular reports on implementation of monitoring plan will be submitted to Contractor .


A training and equipment package is included in the project. As key agency responsible for implementation
for SNWSSP the Amelioration and Water Farm JSC will need to have adequate capacity for control of
realization of EMP.
Although the Department on Control of Protection and Use of Water Resources have been trained by ADP
Flood mitigation project and other programs, there is still need for required knowledge on Environment
Management issues during the construction and operation.


                                                                                                           22
In order to increase capacity of Environmental specialist at PIU and also for local SuKanal relevant training
is planned to be organized within the project. Staff will be trained in Environmental management during the
construction and also in operation phase, in the necessary aspects for effective operation of the water and
sanitation service to minimize impact to the environment. The training requirements and training modules
are currently being developed in discussions between the World Bank and Amelioration JSC and AZERSU.


Amelioration JSC PİU will also need to have relevant trained staff to supervise the construction process and
monitor                          implementation                            of                          EMP.




                                                                                                           23
1.0       INTRODUCTION

The Azerbaijan Second National Water Supply and Sanitation (SNWSS2) Project is financed by the
Government of Azerbaijan and World Bank. The employer for the project is Azerbaijan Amelioration and
Water Farm Open Joint Stock Company (OJSC) .


Gauff and Temelsu JV is contracted to prepare Feasibility Studies of Water Supply and Wastewater
Investments in 16 Rayons, of which one is Siyazan Rayon.                   Eptisa (Spain) in association with
Hydrometeorology Consulting Company (Azerbaijan) is contracted to prepare the Environmental Impact
Assessment (EIA) of the proposed project to assess the environmental and social impacts of project and to
identify the mitigation measures both during construction and post development. This EIA study provides
recommendations on mitigation measures and proposes an environmental management and monitoring plan.


1.1       Context of the EIA
This report presents an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the project in Siyazan. The EIA
identifies potential impacts on the natural environment and the social situation in Siyazan region during
construction and operation of the project. Where potential adverse effects are predicted, mitigation has been
developed and its implementation is presented in an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) and
Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP).


This project has been identified as a Category A project in the World Bank classification for EIA
(OP/BP4.01). This requires an EIA report and an Environmental Management Plan. Moreover, public
consultations are required to discuss the project and the proposed environmental management plan.


A detailed description of the project is presented below in section 3


There are following definitions used in this report:


         Definition of environmental aspects: The International Standard Organisation’s standard for
          Environmental Management Systems (EMS), ISO 14001 defines an environmental aspect as: “An
          element of a......, product or service that can interact with the environment.”
         Definition of impacts: ISO 14001 defines an environmental impact as: “Any change to the
          environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an organisation’s
          activities, products or services.” This definition will be used in the identification of the proposed
          project’s environmental impacts. An environmental or socio-economic impact may result from any
          of the identified project aspects; that is, activity-receptor interaction. The potential for an
          environmental or socio-economic impact exists where an environmental or socio-economic aspect

                                                                                                             24
        has been identified; that is, where a project activity has been determined to have the potential to
        interact with the biophysical environment or with the socio-economic contest of the community..
        Impacts can be either negative or positive. The primary objectives of the impact assessment are to:
        establish the significance of identified potential impacts that may occur as a result of a project
        activity being undertaken, and differentiate between those impacts that are insignificant (i.e. can be
        sustained by natural systems) and those that are significant (i.e. cannot be sustained by natural
        systems). Significant potential impacts would require alternative and/or additional mitigation
        measures above and beyond those already incorporated in the base design for the project/activity.


Scoping was conducted early in the EIA process so that a focus on the priority issues (i.e. those that have the
greatest potential to affect the natural and/or socio-economic environment) can be established for the rest of
the EIA process. Scoping also helped identify gaps in the environmental, socio-economic and engineering
information that need to be addressed so that an informed impact assessment can be completed.


The potential beneficial and adverse effects were identified based on literature review, onsite data collection
and surveying, intensive investigations by individual experts through field surveys and site specific
investigations.


The following categories of impacts were considered in the EIA:


          1. Natural Plant and their habitat impacts were investigated using available technical reports and
              through field survey.
          2. Natural Animal, birds and their habitat were investigated using available technical reports and
              through field survey.
          3. Surface and groundwater data were obtained from available reports and were used to map
              surface and groundwater existence. Later these data were used to assess the hydrogeology and
              surface water catchments.
          4. 4)Agricultural impacts were investigated by looking at the agricultural values, gathering crop
              and soil types, and through field survey.
          5. Air quality impacts were based on generalized regional level data combined with growth
              forecasts. In addition, acoustic impacts (noise and vibration) were investigated.
          6. Socio-economic impacts (living and employment conditions) were investigated using available
              data and the data of the of State Statistical Committee.
          7. Municipal services and utilities impacts (water supply, sewerage system, solid waste collection
              and disposal, electricity, telecommunication, etc.) were investigated using existing information
              and the Region Master Plan. Site visits enhanced these investigations.



                                                                                                             25
             8. Health and safety measures have been investigated and identified as being in accordance with
                 the national requirements and international Safety Guidelines
             9. Further impacts and assessments were investigated through field survey and site visits.


1.2. Purpose of the EIA


In accordance with the Environmental Assessment requirements of the World Bank and the Environmental
legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic, an EIA process is required in support of the proposed project.
The objectives and rationale of the assignment are, in general, clearly stated in the Terms of Reference
(ToR).


The aim of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is to ensure that any adverse environmental or
socio-economic impacts arising from proposed project activities in each individual rayon are identified and
where possible eliminated or minimized through early recognition of and response to the issues.


The purpose of the assignment is to help the Client to:


              Ensure that environmental considerations are integrated into the project planning and design
               activities
              Ensure that a high standard of environmental performance is planned and achieved for the
               project
              Ensure that environmental and socio-economic aspects and impacts are identified, quantified
               where appropriate, and assessed and mitigation measures proposed
              Ensure that legal and policy requirements and expectations are addressed
              Consult with all of the project stakeholders and address their concerns; and
              Demonstrate that the project will be implemented with due regard to environmental and social
               considerations in mind


The purpose of this EIA study is to identify the direct and indirect impacts that the development of WSS will
have on the natural resources, ecosystem, and the socioeconomic dimensions of the             communities and
populations. Accordingly, mitigation measures will be proposed and an
environmental management and monitoring plan will be prepared to address the identified impacts and the
corresponding mitigation measures.
The EIA document is intended to provide the decision makers and international donors with an
understanding of the impacts of developing WSS, in order for them to make an informed decision. The
assessment includes suggested efforts to avoid or minimize the adverse effects and methods to enhance the
positive effects.

                                                                                                           26
1.3. Methodology


In the course of the assignment potential impacts of all stages of the project from pre-construction, through
construction and installation to operation in rayon are evaluated against applicable environmental standards,
regulations and guidelines, the existing environmental conditions, and issues and concerns raised by all
project stakeholders. Evaluation of the implementation and effectiveness, of existing and planned
environmental controls and monitoring and mitigation are considered.


The EIA process constitutes a systematic approach to the evaluation of a project in the specific context of the
natural, regulatory and socioeconomic environments of the project area in which development is proposed.
The assessment process incorporates the following key stages:


Project stakeholder consultation is a vital component of the EIA process. The consultation process is focused
on, seeking comment on key issues and concerns, sourcing accurate information, identifying potential
impacts and offering the opportunity for alternatives or objections to be raised by the potentially affected
parties; non-governmental organizations, members of the public and other stakeholders. Consultation helps
to develop a sense of stakeholder ownership of the project and the realization that their concerns are taken
seriously, that the issues they raise, if relevant, will be addressed in the EIA process. Consultation with all
project stakeholders in 4 rayons started during the Scoping stage and continued throughout the EIA process.
All relevant stakeholders have been identified using the most recent and accurate information available and
the consultation results including:
          a list of stakeholders consulted in each rayon; and
          a summary of the issues and concerns raised.


From the environmental and social point of view the above definition of the environment and potential
project impact is used in the identification of the proposed project’s environmental, legal and socio-economic
aspects.




                                                                                                             27
2.0     POLICY, LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAMEWORK


   2.1 Policy Framework

EIA in Azerbaijan

During its years of independence, Azerbaijan has steadily improved its system of environmental protection. The
policy, legal and institutional framework that it inherited from the former Soviet Union was not designed to
operate within a market economy, and insufficient attention had been given to issues of efficiency and
environmental protection.


Much progress has now been made, particularly in updating the environmental legal framework, although further
improvements are still needed, including in environmental impact assessment. The Ministry of Ecology and
Natural Resources was established in 2000 and other institutional reform is being undertaken.
The ecological strategy of the country is aimed at preservation of natural resources at national, regional and
international spheres; application of scientifically substantiated development principles; and sustainable use of
economic and human resources of the country that would meet interests of existing and future generations
through enhanced coordination of activities in the area of protection of the environment. As a manifestation of
environmental polices in the Republic of Azerbaijan, it should be noted that it is oriented to the development of
a relevant legislative basis in accordance with European standards, improvement of state environmental
management system, and gradual realization of priority projects through broadened ties with international
organizations.


In Azerbaijan, EIA is applied under the State ecological expertise (SEE) procedure.
In the EIA process the main objects are projects of state importance which cover the various spheres of industry
and agriculture.
In 1996 the Government of Azerbaijan adopted the procedure of EIA process, which compliancy with systems
used in most countries. The new rules are described in Regulations on carrying out of Environment Impact
Assessment in Azerbaijan Republic (UNDP / State Ecology Committee, 1996). These Regulations state, that
“Activities on assessment of impacts of wastes to environment should begin in the stage of planning of the
project”.
The process of Environmental Impacts Assessment is one of means regulating protection of environment,
efficient use if nature and effectiveness of economic development.


This existing normative, legal basis of the Azerbaijan Republic broadly uses the notion of EIA The main aim of
the EIA process is: Recovery of natural systems violated due to previous economic activity; prevention of
degradation of environment; ecological – economical balancing of future economic development; creation of
favorable living conditions for peoples; decrease of level of ecological hazard of envisaged activity.
This document was made up before decisions on fulfillment of any of projects.
                                                                                                           28
The EIA document is a document which determines the character of all potential forms and level of danger
of impacts to the environment caused by an economic or other activity that is proposed to be carried out.
The EIA is document evaluates results of fulfillment of the project from ecological, social and economical
view of point.


State Expertise Board of Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources is authorized state organ for EIA
process.


For concrete projects the EIA process begins from planning and feasibility study and its realization. The
Applicant (the project proponent, nature user) is responsible for content and final version of EIA document
submitted to Ministry of Ecology. The Applicant bear the responsibility for fulfillment of conditions shown
in the given permission and also for carrying out of monitoring of the project.
There are 2 steps:


First: The originator (applicant) of the activity submits application to Ministry of Ecology and informs
about major project decisions and possible results of negative Impacts to Environment.
Ministry of Ecology after consideration of the Application informs the Applicant about necessity of carrying
out of EIA and scale of this activity. In rare cases, after consideration of application, the permission for
carrying out of work may be given immediately (Article 2.5).


Second: The documents (on EIA) prepared by the Applicant are considered by the Group of Experts and
Summary is made. The summary also includes proposals and critics of community.
On the basis of the summary, the Ministry of Ecology may give permission for work or refuse to permit to
activity, explaining reasons for rejection. The Ministry of Ecology determines 3 months maximal period for
consideration of EIA documents.


Enforcement and compliance are the responsibility of the general inspection system. EIA process is
described in below figure(See figure 2.1).




                                                                                                          29
30
The Republic of Azerbaijan pursuing a policy of integration to the World Community and in recent years
has signed and ratified scores of International and bilateral conventions, treaties and agreements, including
15 Conventions related to environment.
Each law of Republic of Azerbaijan includes a special chapter or article stating that if International
Agreements provide rules which differ from existing relevant rules of Azerbaijan Legislation, the rules of
international documents should prevail.


.
The World Bank Safeguards Policy


The World Bank requires an environmental assessment (EA) of projects proposed for Bank financing to help
ensure that they are environmentally sound and sustainable, and thus improve decision making (OP 4.01,
January 1999). The EIA that is required by the Bank is in effect the same document as the EIA that is
required under Azerbaijan legislation.


EA evaluates the potential ecological risks of a project and its impact to the territories covered by the
project; analyzes alternatives of the project; determines ways for development of choice, location, planning,
design and execution of the project, by taking measures on mitigation, compensation and bringing to
minimum of harmful ecological impacts and strengthening its positive impacts to the environment. The Bank
prefers preventive measures, if any, to mitigation or compensation measures.


The EA takes into account the environment (air, water and land); humans health and safety; social aspects
(obligatory resettlement, residents and cultural heritage property); and trans - boundary and global
environmental aspects. At the same time it takes into account all changes taking place in the project and
country; results of ecological studies held in the country, plans of local ecological measures; common
political framework of the country, local legislation and institutional possibilities on ecological and social
aspects; obligations of the country on international Agreements and Treaties concerning the projects
activities.


The Bank doesn't fund the project activities which are contrary to such country's obligations as it would be
determined during the EA.
* Key considerations to be taken into account during the EA process include:


     * Generic initial screening to determine appropriate environmental assessment;
     * Compliance with existing environmental regulations in Azerbaijan;
     * Linkages with socio-economic assessment, or inclusion of socio-economic assessment within the
      scope of the EA;

                                                                                                            31
     * Analysis of alternatives;
     * Public participation and consultation with affected people and organizations; and
     * Disclosure of information.


The Bank undertakes environmental screening of each proposed project to determine the appropriate extent
and type of EIA. The Bank classifies the proposed project into one of four categories, depending on the type,
location, sensitivity and scale of the project and the nature and magnitude of its potential environmental
impacts. The four Categories are A, B, C, and Fl.


Whilst the objectives of the project include provision of a safe, reliable, potable water supply and vastly
improved treatment of wastewater, the extent and nature of the works required result in it being classified as
Category A, for which an EIA and EMP are required. This category of project may have significant adverse
environmental impacts that are sensitive, diverse, or unprecedented. These impacts may affect an area
broader than the sites or facilities subject to physical works, can cause serious and irrevocable impact upon
the environment or human health. The EIA for a Category A project examines the project’s potential
negative and positive environmental impacts, compares them with those of feasible alternatives (including
the "without project" scenario), and recommends any measures needed to prevent, minimize, mitigate, or
compensate for adverse impacts and improve environmental performance for a Category A project.


2.2     Legal Framework
Environmental protection in Azerbaijan is governed by the Law on Environment Protection (1999). The Law
establishes the main environmental protection principles, and the rights and obligations of the State, public
associations and citizens regarding environmental protection. It establishes the requirements for the
preparation of environmental impact assessments, environmental quality standards, and requirements for
permitting the activities that affect the environment, prevention and reduction of environmental pollution,
environmental monitoring and control, the role of the public and sanctions imposed on law violators.


Other laws governing specific issues such as sanitary-epidemiological welfare, land reform, energy, health,
water, forests, cadastre and land use, industrial and domestic wastes, ecological safety, water supply and
wastewater, atmospheric protection and specially protected areas have been adopted since 1992.


The questions related to protection of environment and regulation of use of nature are regulated through the
with following Laws of relevant legislation of Azerbaijan Republic: Water Code (1997), Land Code (1999),
Forest Code (1997), On Entrails (1998), On Protection of Flora (1996), On Fauna (1999), On Obligatory
Insurance (2002), On radioactive Wastes (1994), On Industrial and Household wastes (1998), On
Radioactive safety of population (1997), On Sanitary - Epidemiological Safety (1992), On Melioration and



                                                                                                            32
Irrigation (1996), On Water Supply and Waste Water(1999), On Safety of Hydrotechnical Plants (2002), On
State land cadastre, monitoring of lands and structure of earth (1998), On Pesticides and agrochemical
substances (1997), On protection of the Soilfertility (1999), On specially protected nature areas and objects
(2000).


In addition, a large number (some 75+) of Decisions of the Cabinet of Ministers have been
issued to help interpret the body of environmental legislation and related Presidential Degrees
and Orders.


Republican criminal legislation and legislation on administrative faults includes some measures directed to
protection of environment and efficient use of nature. The relevant legislation in force includes some laws
regulating activity of natural persons and legal entities in the various spheres of use of natural resources
(underground resources, water ad land resources, forests, fishes, etc.).


The International Agreements and Conventions signed by Azerbaijan are an inseparable part of the
legislation system of the country.


Principles of rational water use, its state registration, settlement of water disputes and responsibility for
violation of water legislation are described in the following below legal documents:


         Laws of Azerbaijan Republic on Water Supply and Wastewater (Decree of President of Azerbaijan
          Republic dated January 26, 2000);
         Water Code of Azerbaijan Republic (Decree of President of Azerbaijan Republic dated December
          26, 1997);
         RESOLUTION No 206 on approval of some rules regarding water legislation of Azerbaijan
          Republic (Cabinet of Ministers, October 15, 1998);
         RESOLUTION No 195 on approval of Rules on implementation of state control over consumption
          and preservation of water objects (Cabinet of Ministers, September 25, 1998);
         RESOLUTION No 197 on approval of Rules on identification of construction sites of enterprises,
          structures, and other objects to be constructed, agreement of its work drawings, its state expertise and
          commissioning. (Cabinet of Ministers, September 28, 1998);
         Resolution No 7 on approval of state water registration rules, (Cabinet of Ministers, January 17,
          2000).;




                                                                                                                33
    2.3      Administrative Framework


In Azerbaijan the following organizations are engaged in questions of water resources management:


         The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources;
         Amelioration and Water Farm JSC
         Ministry of Health with the Center on Epidemiology and Hygiene
         Azersu JSC


The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources is responsible for safety and protection from pollution of
water resources. The Ministry Carries out the state account of water resources and supervises their quality by
carrying out of stationary hydrometric, hydro-geological and hydro-chemical supervision, make water
balances and forecasts of elements of a water regime, estimates reserves of ground waters, prosecutes with
the questions of rational use and reproduction of water resources. Establishes and approves norms of
maximum permissible limits of run-off waters and carry out their control by means of regional offices.


The Expertise Department of the Ministry conducts State ecological examination of new projects on water
distribution, water use, new structures, other works executed in this area and gives its opinion on realization
or non realization of projects and works.
Department of Environmental Policy and Environmental Protection defines the basic directions of a policy
on maintenance of safety and protection of water resources from pollution.
Department of Environmental Protection coordinates activity on monitoring and implementing of nature
protection statutory acts, on conditions of water resources checks a level of conformity of influence of
planned activity to working statutory acts and applies sanctions.


The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources is the responsible authority for state of environment It
determines whether a project requires no EIA at all or a full EIA or anything in between. The regional
departments of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources receive applications and ensure that adequate
information has been provided.


Amelioration and Water Farm Joint Stock Company is responsible for complex use of water resources,
studies requirements for water resources, develops plans and norms of water use, maintains irrigating
systems, together between various branches of economy, establishes a payment for water use and together
with other departments and the organizations are busy with the questions on management of water resources
of trans-boundary rivers.




                                                                                                             34
Ministry of Health with the Center on Epidemiology and Hygiene is responsible for drawing up of
standards and realization of monitoring of drinking water quality. In the areas there are corresponding
divisions of the ministry for realization of monitoring, quality assurance of waters, etc.


Azersu Joint Stock Company. Till July 11, 2004 with questions of water supply of the cities Baku and
Sumgait was engaged Absheron Joint-stock Water Society. In July, 2004 service on water supply and run-off
waters of other regions of the country was also transferred to it (earlier the State Committee on Architecture
and Construction was engaged in it) and Joint-stock company Azersu was established. The basic function of
Azersu is operation and rehabilitation of systems of water supply and sanitation.
Joint-stock company Azersu has established different tariffs for use of water by populations, by budgetary
organizations and in the industry. In connection with economic problems, for the population lower tariffs are
established. The collecting of means makes 80 %. Water-measuring devices are few. The collected means do
not pay expenses.


The administrative structure of water supply and sanitation system comprises four levels, with the Cabinet of
Ministers at the top; AZERSU joint Stock Company; “Joint SuKanal” Limited Liability Company (LLC)
responsible for water supply and sanitation (WSS) in small towns and rural settlements; and finally local
SuCanals at the bottom which report directly to Joint SuCanal.
AZERSU is a financially independent body which receives no subsidy from senior bodies. Its main revenues
are from water fees it receives from consumers.


The Non Governmental organizations (NGOs) in Azerbaijan carry out projects on informing the public on
existing problems in the water sector, explain legal aspects of questions on protection of water resources by
edition of bulletins and booklets, speak to the press/media and carry out of training. Since they lack their
own resources, NGO’s carry out their activities within the framework of projects and grants. Frequently
these projects are directed on increasing of knowledge of the population.


CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
In Azerbaijan, engineering survey, design and construction standards and regulations are governed by the
State Construction Committee. Rules of conducting supervision and control procedures by the State
Construction Committee (in several areas regarding to safety of construction by the recently established
Ministry of Emergencies) had been approved by the Cabinet of Ministers in 2003. Subject to the State
Construction Committee regulations all construction operations are to be carried out with due regard to the
environmental requirements. Following the existing construction rules, construction or renovation works are
to be carried out on the basis of the approved project (design) documents only.




                                                                                                            35
The State Construction Committee issues special licenses to conduct engineering survey and design
operations (no license is required for construction operations). The project design documents include
descriptions of proposed construction and related activities together with applications for permits from
relevant authorities for geological studies of soil characteristics, fire safety, public health, utilities (gas,
water, electricity, telecommunication) and environmental assessment. The relevant authorities conduct
inspections during construction to monitor compliance with the permits, and may issue significant fines if
violations are found.


LAND AVAILABILITY
Land acquisition and resettlement that might be required under this project will be governed by a
resettlement Policy Framework (RPF) that has been developed and approved by the Amelioration JSC and is
acceptable to the World Bank.


A RPF was developed in 2007 to cover the first Water Supply and Sanitation Project as a whole, as part of
Bank screening procedures. The RPF concludes that there should be no justification for moving PAPs
dwellings or other fixed assets and that the majority of cases will involve land used for arable or livestock
grazing.
The procedure envisioned by the RPF involves the Project Implementation Unit (PIU) determining the legal
status of affected lands and then determining the compensation mechanism, taking into account that users
may not actually have legal tenure or permissions to use the affected land. The final step involves agreement
and payment of compensation to PAPs at the stage of detailed design and before construction commences.
The compensation could take several forms, involving land swap or monetary payment and should be
determined and undertaken in accordance with the provisions of the RPF..




                                                                                                              36
3. PROJECT DESCRIPTION


3.1    Problem Statement
Siyazan is located at the South-east foothills of the Greater Caucasus Mountains. The rayon center is 103 km
north of Baku. The total area of the rayon is 759 sq km. The region comprises of 1 town and 33 villages with
a total population of 37,100 people according to the population census of year 2009. This makes a population
density of approximately 53 persons per km2. There are 22,600 people in Siyazen town, the administrative
center of the rayon.


Relief declines from south-west to north east towards Caspian Sea (from 1000-1200m to minus 27.0 m). The
mountainous area is characterized with hilly relief. Siyezen rayon is situated in the contact zone of Greater
Caucasus mountain wrinkle and Gusar-Devechi foothill plain; people are mainly settled on plain area.


Hydrological resources comprise Atachay, Gilgilchay and Garachay. These are intermittent rivers (especially
in summer) and fed with precipitation, spring and condensation waters. The rivers have generated debris
cones in plain area, and they do not have hydrogeological importance in the formation of ground waters.


Gilgichay takes its source from 1980 m height, has a length of 72 km, a river basin of 733 km2, and an
annual flow of 0.85 m3/s. Atachay takes its source from 1870 m height; its length is 45 km and its catchment
basin is 347 km2.


The rayon is characterized with semi-desert and dry-steppe climate related to temperature and amount of
precipitation. This kind of climate has little rainfall, warm winter and, dry and hot summer. The average
annual temperature is 12,5 °C in the area. The coldest month is January, but the average temperature is not
below zero in this month. The hottest months are July and August, when temperatures can approach 40°C.
Winter temperature can fall to -18 °C in January. Average annual perennial precipitation is 308 mm. The
distribution of the precipitation within a year varies highly especially within the dry summer season and the
rainy autumn which 37% of annual precipitation is observed. Snow cover is not stable in the area. Annual
values of relative humidity range between 64-84%1.


There are no water sources on the territory of the rayon. Siyazan town as well as some neighbor villages are
supplied from Baku I and II water pipeline. There are no meters at water intake and distribution points. The
existing water supply system is based on 5 pumping stations and 2 reservoirs (one with the capacity of 800
m3 and another 700 m3.) which are situated on a hill above the town.




1
    The climatologic information is provided from the Gizil Burun (Siyazan) meteorological station
                                                                                                           37
The majority of water is taken from the old Baku 1 pipeline build in 1917..
This line takes ground and spring waters from Shollar village area(Near Khudat city) to Baku for a distance
of 180-200 km. Amount of water taken from the source makes approx. 1.25- 1.27 m3/s and as result of
water intake by residential areas on its way the amount of water reduces for around 25% and makes up 1
m3/s near Baku.


There are 3 pumps operational at the 3 different pump stations - one pump is permanently defective. As these
Pumping Stations are situated at 10-12 masl the pumps of the Stations 1 (315 m3/h / H=40m) and 3 (40m3/h
/ H=20m) supply parts of the network in the lower areas of Siyezen up to the railway line. The pump in
Pumping Station 2 with 180m3/h and maximum head 340 m is used for supply of the reservoirs at the other
upper end of the town. This causes high energy costs and is used only temporarily. The reservoir feeding
pipeline through the town is also used for direct supply of some areas – by pump (when operated) or by
gravity from the reservoirs.


Water is also supplied from Baku II water pipeline. This pipeline is constructed in 1956 and takes ground
waters of 2.65cub.m/s) capacity to Baku from around Khachmaz region


The municipal water supply and distribution network was commissioned in 1954-1966 (~6 km) and
tremendously expanded in 1978-1988 (~29 km). The network has slightly grown 1998-2000 (4,1 km) and
2006-2009 (2,8 km). Total length of existing supply and distribution lines is ~51 km. The distribution lines
possess diameters between 50 and 250 mm.


One of the water reservoirs situated on a local top of the hillside is made of concrete having a volume of 700
m3. Within the brick wood enclosure of an old reservoir a steel tank with 800 m3 capacity was constructed
as second reservoir which is actually not functional. Both tanks are filled and distribute their water by a
manually operated Water Distribution Center located some meters below the reservoirs.


The number of people served by the water supply network in Siyazan town is 12,200 persons, which is 54 %
of total population. Water quality tests taken during the project preparation shows compliance with GOST
2874-82 -“potable water” standards, except that bacteriological and turbidity standards are not met. Waters
supply is constrained to 8 hours a day. 1,290 water meters have been installed.
Below is given map scheme of existing WS system taken from FS document.




                                                                                                            38
Place of existing water reservoir is given in Figure 3.2




                                                           39
Figure 3.1 Existing WS system in Siyazan




Figure 3.2. Existing water reservoir



Due to the topographic conditions sewerage collection by gravity is possible in Siyezen. The existing
sewerage network has a diameter of 100-300 mm and consists mainly of asbestos cement (~13,8 km). It was
reported that at least 9 km of these pipes have expired their lifetime and must be replaced. Some sections of
the sewer network are made of steel (~2.1 km) and have significant problems with corrosion and breakdown.


Siyezen Sukanal operates and maintains its sewerage network and its mechanical wastewater treatment plant
through its own department. Only a few main sewers are operational and the condition of the secondary
network is very bad. The percent of the town population that is connected to sewer system is approximately
15-20%, and the percentage that benefits from the sewer system is declining as the system itself deteriorates.
More and more parts of the network seem to get out of order.


The majority of Siyazan inhabitants and surrounding villages use actually pits on their properties or drainage
channels to dispose their sewerage.


The facilities for mechanical treatment of wastewater are in very poor condition so that rehabilitation is not
suitable. An asbestos cement pipe DN500 leads treated wastewater to a main channel of the agricultural
drainage system. A site for a new WWTP was proposed by the local authorities which is located at a good
place for a centralized sewer network.



                                                                                                            40
Further investigation concerning the opportunity to reuse of some existing sewers and the geological
conditions of the future WWTP site will be necessary.


The main economic activities in the rayon are oil and gas industry.           Gravel and pebble construction
materials as well as building blocks are produced in the rayon. Agriculture is intensively developed,
specifically in poultry farming and grain-growing. Private and village farms are engaged in cattle-breeding.
The number of cattle in Siyazan city is almost 3150. Almost 50 % of the employed people work in the public
sector. The average monthly salary in Siyazan (including public and private sectors) is 252.3 AZN in 2009.
Six large and medium and 6 small industrial and 2 agricultural enterprises have facilities in the rayon.




The following problems exist:


General
     Depletion of existing WSS assets due to lack of sustainable investments and insufficient capacities for
      Operation and Maintenance (O&M)
     Little appreciation of public infrastructure sector and its organizations due to bad quality and service –
      consumers implement their individual solutions without a general concept
     Provisional solutions become permanent solutions – mostly in consequence of damages and due to the
      limited budgets
     Low awareness of hygienic interrelations of water supply, wastewater disposal and livestock farming
      cause high rates of water borne diseases
     Major WSS supply lines and other facilities often affected by landslides and earthquakes


Water Supply


     Lack of mechanism for application of legislation to water withdrawal from Water Transmission
      Pipelines,
     No sound legal protection of future investments
     Limited number and capacity of water supply pumps and reservoirs – no extension according to
      growth of population and industry
     Damages caused by great age, low material quality and insufficient installation depth of pipes lead to
      high losses within the water distribution network
     Interrupted water supply and temporarily empty pipes cause bad water quality at house connections
      (bacteria, sediments, rust etc.)
     Hygienic problems by private water storage tanks


                                                                                                              41
       New water supply lines/areas were implemented on the standards of the old systems i.e. regular steel
        pipes and manually operated pumps and valves
       Manual operation of the water distribution system – no automation and control
       Preference of gravity flow systems and bad reputation of pumps – as high manual effort and energy
        cost necessary to operate the existing old pumps.


Wastewater
       Wastewater collection, treatment and discharge is considered to be of minor importance compared to
        water supply facilities – low priority and nearly no investments since 1990
       Damages of existing sewers results in irregular wastewater flows at the surface
       Too few shafts causing very limited access to existing sewer network
       No equipment for maintenance and repair – no chance for troubleshooting
       Sewerage disposal in unlined pits leads to pollution of ground and surface water – as private wells are
        also used for water supply this constitutes a serious health risk
       Sludge disposal from pits and septic tanks is done illegally outside the municipal area




    Socio-Economic Situation
       Low connection rate (50-70%) to public water supply network – many people are used to living with
        little water as they must carry it for a longer distance or buy it from tank trucks
       Low connection rate (15-20% of population) to wastewater system
       Bathrooms not common in the Rayon towns – improvement requires modification or extension of the
        houses and will depend on economic possibilities of the owners
       Toilets mostly outdoor using open pits without flushing – future connection to a new sewer system
        will depend on personal interest and require private investments
       Popular cohabitation with livestock within the urban settlement without sufficient disposal of
        excrements


Institutional Situation
       Low level of support for Local Sukanal (water agency) Departments by central organizations and
        institutions, and very limited provision of know how, equipment, vehicles etc. from central
        departments.
       Institutional complexity and dependency on central organizations and institutions inhibits solutions
        and investments on Rayon level
       National Water Supply Tariffs are not cost-effective to cover necessary investments – for better water
        quality and 24hour supply the majority of consumers need to agree to higher rates. The current tariff
        rates apply to a normative demand which is much higher than actual.

                                                                                                             42
     Value and qualification of Rayon Sukanal staff are affected by the need of manual handling and
      trouble shooting. They are not in line with future O&M requirements.
     Scepticism of villages concerning incorporation by the cities and/or integration by larger WSS
      organizations – disadvantages due to limited independency and priority of the city.
     The management structure and skills of Sukanals are poorly aligned for operating as a service industry.


There is an immediate need to address these issues through development and implementation of an efficient
and effective WSS system that is affordable to local communities and which meets the needs of the range of
stakeholders that it must serve.

3.2. Project Description

The Government of Azerbaijan planned the implementation of National Water Supply and Sanitation Project
with the financial assistance of World Bank since 2007. The second phase of the same project was approved
on 27 May 2008 as Second National Water Supply and Sanitation Project (SNWSSP). The implementing
agency of this second phase project is Azerbaijan Amelioration and Water Farm JSC (Amelioration JSC).


The general objective of this Project is to improve the availability, quality, reliability, and sustainability of
water supply and sanitation (WSS) services in 16 of Azerbaijan's regional (rayon) centers. Better
infrastructure services of the secondary towns and cities shall be implemented to improve living conditions,
reduce poverty and support local economic growth.


The Feasibility Study was conducted by the Siyazan water project in 2010. In the project documentation it is
indicated that the primary objective of the project is to improve the health and livelihoods of the urban
communities through the provision of safe, potable quality and adequate water supply and sanitation.


The Project contains 3 components:


     A1: Rayon Investment component, which will finance priority investments in the WSS sector, such as
      the rehabilitation and extension of WSS systems, including facilities for wastewater and septic sludge
      treatment in rayon centers across Azerbaijan;
     B1: Institutional Modernization component which will support development and implementation of an
      Institutional Development Plan (IDP) for Azersu and its subsidiary companies and State Amelioration
      and Water Management Agency (SAWMA), to improve the operational efficiency and sustainability
      of WSS services;
     C1: Project Implementation and Management component, which will support project implementation
      by financing project management activities including Incremental Operating Costs due to the project,
      training, and annual audits of the project and entity accounts and financial statements.

                                                                                                               43
The November 2003 Presidential Decree No: 3 requires the Cabinet of Ministers to undertake measures for
elimination of socio economic problems and to apply the norms of the European Social Charter. The
proposed WSS project falls squarely within the scope of the Decree. The national WSS norms state that
water supply to the population shall be 24 hour coverage of potable quality and delivered to the consumer at
the appropriate pressure. These norms accord with the European Social Charter.


The Government’s sector policies, strategy and development are based on a National WSS Strategy (2000),
which recommended the setting up of ‘Autonomous Commercially-Run Utilities, under the Regulatory
Control of Local Government. In secondary towns, these utilities, known as SuKanals (Secondary towns
water supply agency, prefixed by town name to designate the local branch – Siyazan SuKanal refers to the
agency in the town of Siyazan), were to be transformed into financially self-sufficient institutions eventually
be able to attract the private sector to participate in their operation and management. This was followed by a
Presidential Decree No. 893 of March 2002, which further set out the sector development approach. This
Decree promotes private section participation, an improved tariff system, metering of water supply and
revision of the accounting systems.


The following indicators will be followed:


     Secure supply with potable water meeting World Health Organization (WHO) and/or national quality
      standards
     Continuous water supply for 24 hours per day
     Supply of each user with sufficient water for domestic needs
     Water distribution system workable under operational pressures with low leakage rates
     Safe collection and treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater and reduction of aquifer pollution
     Compliance of water supply facilities, sewer system and wastewater treatment plant with international
      and/or Azeri standards.
     Affordable water supply and sanitation prices for consumers and within determined service tariffs
     Minimum use of natural resources to keep the impact of WSS measures on the environment at
      minimum level during implementation and maintenance.


The Project aims to achieve its objectives through:
     Implementation of a new, efficient and appropriately sized water and sanitation infrastructure by
      rehabilitation of existing facilities and construction of new ones where this is necessary.
     Determine the operational bottlenecks of the water and sanitation system and develop project
      proposals to improve efficiency
     Strengthening of local know how and capacity to deliver and maintain these services
     Developing a sense of local ownership through community participation

                                                                                                             44
The water source for the proposed project in Siyazan rayon is the Baku Water Transmission Lines. As
indicated above, laboratory water tests, except bacteriological, taken during the project preparation shows
compliance with GOST 2874-82 -“potable water”.

The designed water demand for Siyazan has been determined by the Feasibility Study as 64.16l/s, which
includes 60.0 l/s for domestic purposes of 28800 person(180 l./c/.d), 2.49 l/s for agricultural purposes and 1.6
l/s for industrial / commercial purposes.
The research of Geology Institute of National Academy of Science indicates that during last 80 year period
no qualitative and quantitative changes have been observed in the source of water of Baku I and II pipelines
The total capacity of both Baku water supply lines is 4000 l/s which is 60 times higher than proposed water
abstraction amount for Siyazan. This demonstrates the sustainability of the use of this water source. Also,
this means that sustainable water supply will be provided for all users by this water source.
Three new pumping stations which will be equipped with 2 main + 1 auxiliary pumps and the power
requirements of each pipe are 30, 30 and 11 kW. One pumping station will elevate the water taken from
Baku I to the Second Pumping Station. The water taken from Baku II and pumped water to the Second
Pumping Station will be pumped by the Second Pumping Station to the first water reservoir. The water
requirement of the second zone will be pumped by the third pumping station to the second water reservoir.




Figure 3.3 Proposed place of location of reservoir 1

Within the scope of the Project, polyethylene corrugated pipes will be laid to create a wastewater network
and a new Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) will be constructed approximately 2 km away from the
town center. The land required for the WWTP belongs to the Municipality.


                                                                                                              45
General characteristics of the WTTP are as below:


       Population Equivalent to be Served: 34 000 person (2030)

       Daily Flow: 7, 000 m3/d

       Dry Weather Peak Flow: 118l/s

       Rainy Weather Peak Flow: 167l/s



The extended aeration process with sludge drying beds is selected by the Consultant as the project
proposal for the system for treatment of wastewater of Siyezen.


The WWTP will consist of the following main components:
        Inlet pumping station
        Faecal sludge acceptance station
        Fine screen
        Aerated grit and grease removal
        Activated sludge tank
        Final sedimentation tank
        Return and excess sludge pumping station
        Pre- thickener
        Sludge drying bed


These components are detailed as follows:


Inlet Pumping Station

Due to topographic properties, the study area is relative flat, an inlet pumping station has to be erected to
ensure that the water flows through the WWTP by gravity. The inlet sewer ends in the pump sump. The inlet
pumps convey the wastewater to the screen channel which has the highest water level of the WWTP.


For the inlet pumping station centrifugal pumps have been chosen because of their relative little space
demand and robustness. Two duty pumps with capacity of 85 l/s and one standby pump with same capacity
will be installed in the screen building (dry installation). Steering of the pumps will be accomplished by
means of fixed level set points installed in the pump sump. Here the water level will be measured
continuously. In case that the water level is exceeding a first pre-set level the first pump will start operation.
In case the water level is still increasing and reaching the second pre-set level, the second pump will
additionally start operation. The capacity of both pumps is sufficient to cope with the maximum flow led to
                                                                                                                46
the WWTP by the sewerage network during wet weather flow. In case the water led to the WWTP by the
sewerage system during wet weather is exceeding the maximum pump capacity, an overflow in the pump
sump will discharge the excess water into a bypass pipe leading to the outlet of the WWTP.


Faecal Sludge Acceptance Station

Faecal sludge from houses not connected to the new public sewerage system (especially in the first years)
will be brought by suction trucks to the WWTP. The pipe of the truck will be connected to a faecal sludge
acceptance station which consists of a fine screen with 6 mm bar spacing. The screenings will be pressed and
disposed in a container, the sludge flows into a buffer tank. The faecal sludge acceptance station has a
capacity of 100 m³/h. That means that a truck with 10 m³ load can be emptied within approx. 6 minutes.


After the screen the sludge will flow into a buffer tank which offers sufficient space (40 m³) to empty the
tank during 7 h/d at night time by means of submersible feeding pumps (one duty and one standby pump)
with a capacity of 2 l/s each. The sludge will be pumped into the screen channel behind the screen. The
buffer tank which will be built next to the inlet pump sump will be covered with a concrete slab in order to
avoid odour and nuisance. Pipes for ventilation will be led over the roof of the screen building.


Screen

One compact screen consisting of an automatic screen with integrated washpress and screenings conveyor is
envisaged. For a WWTP of this size two screens are deemed to be uneconomic. For emergency cases a by-
pass channel will be built. The fine screen and the screenings container will be installed in a screen building.


The wastewater will flow through the fine screen with 6 mm bar spacing to withdraw the coarse and fine
materials for saving the following plant components. The clearance of the screen is carried out automatically
in case the water level difference before and behind the screen exceeds a pre-installed value. The screenings
will be washed, pressed and conveyed to a container. The integrated press will reduce the screenings volume
to approximately 50%. The quantity of pressed screenings is approximately 0.9 m³/d. One container of 3 m³
is sufficient for 6.4 days. The containers are located on small lorries by which they can be brought out of the
building. Container trucks can now pick them up for disposal at a landfill.


In case of failure the water level in front of the screens rises up and the wastewater flows in a by-pass
channel where a screen with a bar spacing of 40 mm is installed. The screen is cleaned by hand. For
maintenance purposes the screen channel is equipped with stop logs.

Aerated Grit and Grease Chamber

For the removal of grit and grease one combined aerated grit and grease chamber will be built. Retention
time at wet weather flow is approx. 10 min. To improve the transportation of grease into the foreseen

                                                                                                               47
chamber and the separation of sand and organic matter the grit chamber is equipped with a coarse bubble
aerating system. This is separated in two sections over the grit chamber length with different air transmission
volumes to avoid disturbances in settling processes in the final part of the grit chamber. The design envisages
an air demand of 0.5 Nm³/m³/h which is deemed to be suitable in order to avoid unintended reduction of
BOD5 which is required for denitrification. One blower and one standby aggregate will be installed in the
screen building.


Grease and oil is collected on the surface of the grease chamber that is separated from the grit chamber by
means of vertically mounted stilling rakes. The rakes are fixed at a concrete diving wall that prevents grease
and oil from flowing back into the grit chamber. The floated grease is pushed towards the grease hopper by
means of a scraper that is mounted at the scraper bridge. When the bridge has reached the hopper a penstock
is opening to lead the grease into the hopper. Simultaneously, the grease pump is starting for transporting the
mixture into a grease container located in the screen building.


The grit is removed from the collecting channel at the tank bottom by a suction pump mounted on the bridge.
The sand/water mixture is pumped via a channel located on one side into a pumping pit. From there a
submersible pump transports the sand/water mixture into the grit classifier.
The grit classifier which is located in the screen building will separate sand from water. The dewatered sand
is transported directly into a 1 m³ container. The separated water is brought back into the screens outlet flow
by gravity. The daily quantity of grit amounts to 0.4 m³/d. The grit will be disposed at a landfill.


Flow Measurement

Inflow will be measured by a Venturi channel which will be located behind the grit and grease chamber. The
measuring device consists of one sensor for the measurement of the water level in combination with a
standard Khafagiventuri form. The documentation of the current flow situation as well as the recording of the
daily water volume is to be provided from the flow measurement. The current flow will also be used for the
control of the proportional return sludge flow. The measurement of inflow reflects the actual hydraulic load
of the activated sludge tanks better than the outflow measurement because of delay-effects.


Activated Sludge Tank

The activated sludge tanks (AST) are designed for a sludge age of 21.6 days which is necessary for
simultaneous aerobic sludge stabilization (extended aeration) and nitrogen removal , according to
internationally acknowledged German guideline DWA-A-131.


A relative small nutrient food to mass ratio of 0.04 kgBOD5/kgDS is necessary to be sufficient to meet the
required treatment standard. Two circular tanks with a volume of approx. 4,800 m³ each will be constructed.
The total volume amounts to approx. 11,300 m³. The depth of the tanks will be 5.00 m.
                                                                                                             48
Nitrogen removal is based on aerated (nitrification) and unaerated (denitrification) zones or phases which
change periodically. Circular tanks have been chosen because they offer optimum conditions for intermittend
denitrification which requires completely mixed tanks. Intemittend denitrification which means that
nitrification and denitrification phases alternate in time in one reactor has been chosen because control and
steering of this process is not complicate and also offers big operational flexibility. The duration of the
different phases will be determined by measuring the break in the redox potential.


The tanks will be equipped with fine bubble panel aerators which allow for a good oxygen transfer capacity
and therefore provide an advantageous efficiency. The oxygen concentration will be measured and controlled
in each tank. A free oxygen concentration of 2 mg/l will be maintained. Oxygen input into the wastewater
will be steered by the flexible capacity of the blowers equipped with frequency converters. The blowers will
be accommodated in an adjacent blower station.


During unaerated phases the sludge has to be prevented from settling on the tank bottom by stirring devices.
Due to the low occupancy rate of the aerators (typical for plants with extended aeration) the stirring devices
will also stay in operation during aerated phases. Each tank will be equipped with 2 submersible mixers with
diameter 2.50 m.


The mixed liquor suspended solids value (MLSS) which can be maintained by the return sludge ratio of 0.75
amounts to 3.78 gDS/l. The daily excess sludge produced amounts to approximately 147 m³/d at the start of
operation in 2013 and 221 m³/d at the end of operation in 2030.


Equal inflow to each tank is accomplished by a distribution chamber with overflow weirs. In case of
emergency shut down inflow can be closed by a gate valve. The water level of each tank is determined by the
water level in the final sedimentation tank. Also the outlet pipe has to be closed by a gate valve in emergency
case.

-   Blower Station

Three duty blowers with a suction volume (under operational conditions) of approx. 1,950 m³/h each and one
standby blower with same capacity have been chosen. All blowers will be connected to one air pipe which
branches in the further course to the activated sludge tanks. Two of the blowers will be equipped with
frequency converters with a range of 36-100%. This allows for a steeples range of the aeration of 1:8.3. The
minimum range acc. DWA-A-131 is 1:7.
Total suction air capacity (under operational conditions) amounts to approx. 5,850 m³/h which is approx.
4,990 Nm³/h. All aggregates will be installed in the blower station adjacent to the activated sludge tanks. The
peak oxygen demand of wastewater is approx. 299 kgO2/h.


                                                                                                             49
-   Final Sedimentation Tank (FST)

One tank with an internal diameter of 26.00 m and a depth of 4.00 m will be built with a total volume of
approx. 2,100 / 1,800 / 2,200 / 2,000 m³. Two tanks are not deemed to be economical for a WWTP of this
size. Also the diameters of 2 tanks would be smaller than 20 m which is the limit for horizontal flow. The
tanks would have to be to designed for vertical flow which requires much deeper tanks. Also breakdown of a
scraper bridge is a rather seldom event.
The task of the FST is the proper separation of the purified wastewater from the activated sludge. The sludge,
under the influence of gravity, will settle on the bottom of the FST from where it will be pushed into the
centre of the tank by a rotating rake in preparation for the sludge removal. This sludge will then, to a large
extent, conveyed back into the biological stage, whereby ultimately the desired concentration of biomass in
the biological process will be achieved.
Inflow of water into FST is provided via a culvert into the feed well. In order to achieve an uniform
discharge and loading of the final sedimentation tank, an even distribution of the sludge-water mixture
through the central structure will be ensured by Stengel-type inlets installed here.
A one sided rake is designed for the purpose of clearing the settled activated sludge on the tank floor. The
anticipated floor inclination of the final sedimentation tank is 1:15 which will facilitate the sludge removal
by the bottom rake. The clearing bridge is mounted on the middle plate and running on the side wall of the
final sedimentation tank. The rake is designed in such a way to provide a sufficient removal volume in the
sludge hopper to avoid insufficient oxygen supply to the activated sludge or even sludge bulking.
The scum that occurs within the final sedimentation tank is to be withdrawn by a skim channel. A
submersible pump, installed within the skim channel in a small pit conveys the scum via a collecting pressure
pipe into the return and excess sludge. pump station. Here it will be mixed intensively with the return and
surplus sludge.
The effluent water withdrawal from the final sedimentation tank will take place via a spillway which can be
overflowed from both sides, with a submersed baffle wall in front of it. The runoff from the effluent water
channel is led to the outlet of the WWTP.

-   Return Sludge Pump Station

The task of the return sludge pumping station is the back pumping of the biological sludge from the final
sedimentation tanks to the activated sludge tanks in order to maintain the mixed liquor suspended solids
concentration in the activated as constant as possible. Two duty and one standby submersible centrifugal
sludge pumps will be installed. Each of the pumps will have a delivery of maximal 85 l/s. By means of
frequency converters a constant return sludge ratio of 0.75 will be ensured. The required flow rate is
provided by the inlet flow measuring device in combination with the return sludge measurement by an MID-
device installed in the sludge inlet pipe. The return sludge will be pumped into the distribution chamber prior
to the activated sludge tanks. There the return sludge and the incoming wastewater will be mixed intensively.



                                                                                                             50
-   Excess Sludge Pump Station

Excess sludge will be sucked from the return sludge pump sump and pumped to the gravity pre-thickener.
The amount of sludge which will be withdrawn from the system will be determined by the operation time of
the pump. The MLSS value in the aeration tanks will be measured in fixed intervals. The pumps will start
operation in case the MLSS concentration in the aeration tanks is higher than the given value or will be shut
down in case of a lower MLSS concentration. One duty and one standby submersible excess sludge pumps
will be installed with a capacity of 10 / 8 / 9 / 8 l/s each.

-   Gravity Pre-Thickener

One thickener with a volume of 196 m³ is envisaged.
The pre-thickener is used to reduce the water content of the withdrawn excess sludge from the activated
sludge tanks. This will considerably reduce the hydraulic load of the following sludge drying beds. The
thickener consists mainly of a cylindrical part with a bottom inclination of 1:10 and a small hopper. The
sludge is settling down and brought into the hopper by means of a sludge scraper.
The removal of supernatant from the thickener takes place by means of a one-sided overflow weir. The
supernatant flows by gravity to the channel upstream of the distribution chamber of the activated sludge
tanks. To avoid clogging the pipes are rinseable. The feeding of surplus sludge to the thickener is carried out
by the excess sludge pumps (described above) centrally into the consolidation zone. The retention time in the
consolidation zone is approx. 36 h.. The sludge withdrawal from the thickener will be provided by means of
a sludge pumping pit attached to the thickener from which the sludge is pumped to the sludge drying beds by
one duty and one standby pump with 10 l/s capacity each.

-   Sludge Drying Bed

For dewatering and drying the sludge will be pumped to a sludge drying bed. With a chosen dry solids load
of 120 kgDS/m² the dry solids content will reach approx. 40 %. The total area which will be divided in 4
units amounts to 5,920 m². The usable height is 1.80 m. The bottom will be used as a filter. The top layer
which serves as a wearing surface will be 20 cm sand which has to be renewed from time to time. The filter
below the top layer consists of three layers of sand-gravel mixture with grain size 0-12 mm, gravel 18-25
mm and coarse gravel up to 60 mm grin size in which a drainage pipe is laid. Below the filter a clay layer of
35 cm with permeability of kf < 10^-8 m/s has to be placed for protection of groundwater from
contamination. The clay layer is not necessary in case the permeability of the existing soil (minimum 35 cm)
is already below 10^-8 m/s. The supernatant which is in the order of less than 1 l/s flows back to the inlet
pumping station by gravity. The dried sludge will be removed by a tractor or a wheel loader. For this reason
tracks of concrete will be envisaged in the sludge drying beds.

-   Administration Building incl. Laboratory and Workshop
An administration and maintenance building will be built in the site of the WWTP. This building will include
all facilities required for properly operating the plant. For this reason it is located in an appropriate and
central place, with view and easy access to all treatment units. On the other hand there is enough distance to
                                                                                                             51
possible odour sources like sludge treatment The building will include offices, laboratory, control room,
workshop, stores, showers and sanitary facilities, dressing rooms, kitchen, and meeting room. The building
will be alimented with electricity and potable water.

-   Power Supply and Emergency Power Supply
The required electrical power has been calculated as 199 kW. The detailed calculation is presented in the
annex. For case of power failure a diesel generator set will be installed which will cover the emergency
power supply of 111 kW. The generator set will be accommodated in a separate small building with
dimensions like a garage.

Gauff and Temelsu JV proposes to use the numbers for non-sensitive areas which means that the WWTPs
will be designed also for elimination of carbonaceous matter
.Elimination of phosphorus by chemical precipitation with ferric or aluminum salts is not envisioned .
The reasons are as follows:


         The limited budget, investments on the water sector are deemed to have a greater benefit for the
          population than establishing a very sophisticated wastewater treatment
         The elimination of P requires higher skills from the personnel operating the plant
         The possibility to use the effluent in the future for irrigation purposes


This process will allow to provide needed quality of treated waters with possibility of further their use for
irrigation and also use of sludge in agriculture.


Therefore project FS Document proposes the effluent limit values as presented in the table below(Table
3.1):


Table 3.1. Effluent Standards proposed for Design
       Parameter (Unit)            Non-Sensitive Area
     BOD5              Mg/l          25
     COD               Mg/l          125
     TSS               Mg/l          35
     N,tot             Mg/l          --
     P,tot             Mg/l          --


The requirements for sludge treatment proposed by the Consultant are stabilization of sludge and dry solids
content of approx. 20% - 25%. which can be achieved by sludge drying beds.


By year 2030 a population equivalent main indicator will be of 34,000 people PE served by the WWTP..
                                                                                                           52
Mainly planned in the project the extended aeration system is feasible from economic and exploitation
implementation point of view and is characterised with a low probability of accidents as in this variant a
heated septic reservoir and utilization of gas is not required.


The proposed place of location of new waste water treatment facilities is given illustrated in Figure 3. 4




Figure 3. 4 Proposed place of location of new waste water treatment facilities

Daily, Sludge produced in the Plant sludge will be dried daily in drying beds. According to Item 3.7, 3 rd
Article, Azerbaijan Republic Cabinet of Ministers Decision about Sanitary Rules, Hygiene and
Environmental Specifications Based Cities and Other Cities and Other Populated Areas Treatment,
Temporary Domestic Waste Storage, Regular Removal and Neutralization Guidelines dated 21 April 2005
No. 74, landfill disposal of solid domestic waste of hazardous and safe (intra-sedimental) industrial waste
and waste which can be recycled (repeatedly used ) is prohibited. Accordingly, sludge will be stored within
the Plant and will be used in agricultural activities during the season. In that case the chemical content of
sludge to be used in agriculture must meet requirements of sludge content environmental control standard
presently effective in Azerbaijan.
                                                                                                             53
According to health statistics of Siyazen Rayon between 2000 and 2009, the most common waterborne
disease is viral hepatitis. Its occurrence is app. 4.8 in a year. Acute intestinal infections, dysentery and
salmonellas follow viral hepatitis with 2.5, 0.8 and 0.5 occurrences in a year respectively. Waterborne
diseases are expected to decrease in time with the upgrade of infrastructure facilities in the rayon.


3.3     Project area and the location of project infrastructure to be included.
Siyazan rayon center which is project area has been located in the north-east of the Greater
Caucasus. Siyazan territory consists of plain-foothill and highland zones(See Figure 3.5).




                                                                                                          54
Figure 3.5. Map of location of Siyazan region




                                                55
The project in Siyazan doesn’t include any adjacent villages to the proposed water resources. Therefore the
project service area has been considered to be only the Siyazan city center for the water supply system.
The project service area for which the sewage disposal project has been prepared consists of the Siyezen
rayon center. In additionally, in future a separate sewerage collector might be connected to the wastewater
treatment plant from Buyukhemye Village. Therefore only Buyukhemye Village will be             included in the
design of the wastewater treatment plant.
Land use in Siyazan is illustrated in Figure 3.6. . Below is given division of the rayon territory to different
areas depending on water sources, land use and type of economical activity(Figure 3.6).




Figure 3.6. Land use and economic areas in Siyazan region

A map of the location of existing and proposed water and waste water infrastructure identified in the in the
FS document infrastructure are given in the ANNEXES I-IV




                                                                                                             56
3.4. Legal and Institutional Strengthening

Existing Organization: Services related to sewerage system and storm water are under the responsibility of
Local Birleshmish SuKanal Authority. The Siyezen Su-Kanal Department operates with a staff of 7
administrative and 41 operational personnel..
The project Feasibility Study underlines the importance of strengthening the Institutional Structure. The
main proposal for the organization is to separate Siyazan Su Kanal Department from the central
organizations like AZERSU and Birleshmish Su Kanal in order to have an efficient and operational
management structure.


Existing organizational structure of the Siyazan Su Kanal Department is proposed to be kept mainly as it is.
However some small modifications within the organization structure have been proposed to be realized in
order to improve the Siyazan Su Kanal Department. As a must, the constructed wastewater treatment plant
will require a few skilled staff, like plant director, engineer/chemist and a technician, and ordinary workers.
The technician and workers for the wastewater treatment plant could be selected and trained from the
existing staff of the Siyazan Su Kanal Department. Besides that a part time Information Technologies
Specialist (IT Specialist) is proposed to assist to the Siyazan Su Kanal Department Head. IT specialist will
assist to the installation and development of information technologies within the organization. (See Figure
3.7 for the extended units of the Organizational Structure of the Siyazan Su Kanal Department)




                                                                                                             57
Figure 3.7. Proposed organization diagram of siyazan su kanal deparment(fs)




                                                                              58
4. BASELINE DATA

4.1. Bio-physical description of project area

Relief and geological structure

Siyazan region is situated on the north-east slope of Greater Caucasus mountains of the same natural region.
The area of the region have complex relief condition. Flat, foothills and mountainous relief forms are
distributed here. Absolute altitude changes between 28 m and 2205 m.
The Flat part of the area is on Samur-Devechi lowland. The Caspian coast side of this lowland is situated
below ocean-level. The lowland is of accumulative origin and covered with sea sedimentary rocks of forth
age. Towards the west from the lowland the absolute altitude increases and flat relief is replaced with
plateaus, low and middle relief forms.
The main part of the region is on the Front Caucasus tectonic landing zone (Gusar-Devechi synclinorium)
and only the west mountainous part is on Greater Caucasus tectonic ascend zone (Tenge-Beshbarmag
anticlinorium).
Siyazan region is situated on magnitude 7 seismic zone. The geological structure of the area is complex.
There are two geological Age of Mammals and Age of Reptiles rocks that are mentioned in Azerbaijan. Age
of Mammals rocks are distributed more widely. They are mainly represented by third and fourth age rocks
(clays, sand stones, sahels, etc.).
Fourth age rocks are distributed on the east side, the third age rocks on the central side and Chalk aged rocks
of the Age of Reptiles on the west side. The whole area of region is covered with sedimentary rocks.



Climate

According to the climate condition, the area of Siyazan region can be divided into two parts. semi-desert and
dry climate type is superior on the east side of the region where plains predominate flats are widely spread,
and temperate warm climate type is superior on the west side where mountain mountains predominate relief
forms are widely spread (as per Keppens’ classification).
On the area that is situated on semi-desert and temperate warm climate type the average annual rainfall
quantity reaches 300-350 mm in the semi-desert region of the rayon; this forms 30-35% of the possible
evaporation quantity. Precipitation is distributed irregularly during the year. Most precipitation (70%) falls
in the cold period (October-March) of the year. The summer is warm and winter is moderate. The average
annual temperature of the weather is 12-13ºC. The area has big thermal resources.
Table 4.1 describes average monthly and annual amounts of the main climate elements of Siyazan region and
on Pic. 4.1 wind flower is given. . Climate information about Siyazan region is given according to the
Siyazan meteorological station. As it seems from Pic. 4.1 the north-west winds predominate are superior in
the region.




                                                                                                             59
       Table 4.1. Average monthly and annual amounts of the main climate elements (according to the Siyazan station information H=26 m)


№   Name of element                    I     II     III     IV        V      VI       VII      VIII     IX       X        XI        XII        Annual

    Weather temperature, C0

    a) average                         1,4   2,0    4,4     9,5       16,0   21,0     24,3     24,0     19,9     14,2     8,7       4,1        12,5
1
    b) absolute maximum                24    24     28      34        35     40       40       41       39       36       28        21         41

    v) absolute minimum                -18   -17    -9      -4        1      5        10       10       5        -4       -9        -14        -18

2   Rainfalls, mm                      27    21     26      27        18     19       16       13       32       38       43        28         308

3   Wind speed, m/s                    4,3   4,2    4,6     5,0       4,3    4,6      4,6      5,0      4,6      4,2      4,3       4,1        4,5

    Absolute     humidity   of   the
4                                      6,1   6,1    6,8     9,3       13,4   16,8     20,3     20,4     17,0     12,8     9,4       6,9        12,1
    weather, mb

    Relative     humidity   of   the
5                                      84    84     82      77        73     65       64       66       72       80       82        83         76
    weather, %

6   Humidity deficit, mb               1,2   1,2    1,6     3,2       5,6    9,7      11,3     10,5     6,8      3,4      2,0       1,5        4,8




                                                                                                                                          60
        Figure 4.1. Wind flower (according to the Siyazan station information)




Soil types


The height zoning is clearly seen in the distribution of soil types over the area.
In the arid and semiarid landscapes of the investigated area irrigated soils, sewage soils, boharic soils and
practically not cultivated versions of the meadow-brown, meadow-forest, meadow-grey-brown, grey-brown,
meadow-grey, flow-meadow (alluvial-meadow) soils cover a wide region area.
Information on the main soil types distributed in the area is given in the Table 4.2.

Table 4.2. Distributed soil types in Siyazan region
№       Soil types                                        Bonitet marks                 Area, ha
1       Mountain-meadow                                   90.00                         3,870.00
2       Brown mountain-forest                             86.00                         22,320.00
3       Meadow brown                                      85.00                         20,070.00
4       Mountain-grey-brown                               59.00                         36,720.00
5       Clay-yellow                                       94.00                         6,840.00
6       Chestnut (not completely developed)               18.00                         14,670.00
7       Meadow grey (irrigated)                           68.00                         27,270.00
8       Grey-brown                                        42.00                         15,840.00
9       Alluvial-meadow                                   63.00                         13,770.00
10      Marshy grassland                                  71.00                         5,940.00
11      Sandy place                                       10.00                         8,640.00
Total                                                     63.00                         175,950.00
                                                                                                           61
70% Seventy percent of grey-brown soils, more than 80% of meadow-grey-brown and meadow-forest soils
have been are changed into agro-irrigation landscapes.
Formation of meadow-brown soils is connected with ground waters being situated close to the surface.
Irrigated meadow-brown soils have been completely changed into agrolandscapes.



Ecosystems

Natural landscape types

In Siyazan region there are three main landscape types ( ecosystem types):


  1) Flat semi-desert ecosystem
  2) Foothills semi-desert ecosystem
  3) Forest ecosystem of low mountains


Semi-desert ecosystem of flat areas covers the territory between Samur-Absheron channel and Caspian Sea.
Foothills semi-desert ecosystem is distributed in the middle part of the region (200-600 m heights).


Vegetative cover
Flora
The main part of semi-desert ecosystem plants are consisted of different types of wormwood, ethyl alcohol
ephemmeroids, etc. Depending on the soil-ecological condition of the area, wormwood and ethyl alocohol
ephemmeroids together cover the soil surface from 25-30% up to 70-80%.
In wet years rich rainfall spring season Poa Bulbusa, Dolium rigidum Ejand, Erodium cicaturium, and in dry
years Salsola dendroides are widely distributed. Semi-desert plant yield is not so high and usually changes
falls between 1-7 s/ha.


The low mountain forest zone stretches as a narrow belt between 500-600 m and 800-900 m above sea level
height. At the east of the zone, due to dryness of the climate, the upper border of the forests ascend up to
1200-1400 m (in some areas 1600 m) height. Oak and hornbeam trees are superior in the forests. Georgian
(or Iberian) oak seldom forms pure forest, but mainly with hornbeam and sometimes together with lime-tree.
On flat crests of the low mountain beddings and on gentle slopes there are oak forests. On other areas
basically oak, ash-tree and oak-hornbeam forests predominateare superior.
Due to humidity increase in river valleys and hollows of low mountains lian pistachio-tree and hornbeam
forests are developed.
Under oak and oak-hornbeam forests complex structured little trees and bushes grow.



                                                                                                          62
The animal world
Fauna

Typical animals of semi-desert and dry fields are wolf, fox, jackal, rabbit, etc. Preyers occur close to sheep-
pens and villages, as well as in open semi-desert areas. Because of fox and jackal being mainly rodent
feeders, they usually live far away from settlements. Grey, chestnut and red coloured small fox (Vulpes
Alpheraklyi) that feeding within insects and rodents are widely spread.
In semi-desert and dry fields from rodents Badger, spotted or polecat (Vormela Sarmatica) and weasel occur.
Field mouse (Microtus Socialis), Red tail mouse (Meriones crythrourusi), Bogdanov field mouse, Williams
arab rabbit, small arab rabbit, grey mountain mouse (Cricetulus Migratorius), house and forest mouse, sand
mouse, rabbit are typical rodents of semi-desert and dry fields. Here, from insect feedings lop-eared
hedgehog, long-tailed white-toothed, stink badger (Pachyure etrusca), considered as the smallest mammallia,
also occur.


In the semi desert zone and dry fields birds include stonebird (Ocnanthe isabelino), crested lark (Alanda
ciristata), grey lark, field lark, red duck, simple dove, etc. can be shown.


Reptiles commonly occur in semi-deserts and arid-denuded low mountains. Tortoise, some types of lizards
including snake-eyed lizard and others, occur.. Snakes are also widely spread: adder (Vipera labitina),
coluber jugularis, venomous snake, blind snake, feeding with insects (Contia collaris).


From amphibians only green land frog (Bufo Viridis) can be shown. There are many types of different
insects.


The mountain forest zone differs dramatically from other semi-desert zone in terms of its fauna landscape-
ecological systems in Siyazan. O. One of the rare animals of the forest zone is the forest cat.
In mountain-forest landscape badger and squirrel are rarely mentioned. Here are some types of mouse like
forest mouse ı, bush mouse, Caucasus mouse), shrew and other rodents are widely spread.
Mountain forests are dwelling place for black woodpecker, three types of many-coloured woodpecker, snow
bird, colourful nightingale, siskin, red throat. There are also water sparrow, long-tailed tomtit (in winter
months), grey eagle owl in this belt.


From Among reptiles, snake, rock lizard, grass-snake are mentioned in this belt.


Mountain forests are also rich with insects (dark blue proserus insect, blue alpine insect), forest bee and
snails.




                                                                                                             63
Anthropogenic transformation of natural landscape

60%Sixty percent of semi-desert complexes are occupied by pasture and hayfield, 2,8% by agroirrigation
(18,6% grain, 4,2% vegetable, melon plantation) landscapes, 8,4% by technogen modifications (road,
channel, gas, oil pipe, current lines, etc.), 8,8% by river-beds, gorge, ravine, valley, etc. useless areas.
In the semi-desert zone, pipelines, automobile and rail routes, electrical lines, irrigation channels and other
man-made modifications separate large areas of the natural environment into small parts. In some places
man-made developments (between Gilazi-Zarat) occupy over 25% area of semi-deserts.


        Anthropogenic transformation of dry fields . Bushy-fields, second-fields, forest-bushy-fields
differ from each-other according to their anthropogenic degree. Seventy eight percent of The
anthropogenesis of black thorn, wormwood bushy fields forming on grey-brown soils of sloping flats is is
attributable to human activity equal to 0.78%. ; 35% of these complexes are is irrigated garden, 47% is
irrigated garden- plantation, hayfield and 18% are other technogen modifications.


Human activity has converted 85 – 90 percent high sloping plains and terraces to fields                    Modern
anthropogenesis of high sloping flats, forest-field and fields of river terraces reaches to 0,85 and of weak
decomposited, wide terraced fields to 0,9. Analysis of cartographic information referring to the 20th century
shows that all these fields arose as the result of destruction of old forests where oak was superior.


        Anthropogenic transformation of intrazonal landscapes. These complexes differ with their both
high natural dynamic and sharp anthropogenesis. At the beginning of 20th century lowland intrazonal
complexes occupied more than 70% of area only in Samur-Davachi . As a result of anthropogenic
transformation of natural landscapes flat forests have been replaced with forest-bushes, forest-meadows,
bogs, meadows, meadow-bushes and different anthropogenic modifications.


Forest, forest-bushes and forest-meadow complexes                 These complexes – frequently undergo to
anthropogenic impacts around settlements, big railway and automobile terraces.


Meadow-bog and flat-meadow complexes are one of the most aggravated anthropogenesis units of region.
Average anthropogenesis coefficient changes are between 0,7-0,8.


Underground and surface waters

Surface waters

        The main rivers of Siyazan region are Shabranchay, Davachichay and Gilgilchay. At the north of
region the low flow of Valvalachay separates Siyazan from Guba region.
Main chemical content of water of these rivers are given in Table 4.3
                                                                                                               64
Table 4.3. Main chemical content of water of Siyazan rayon rivers


N                 İon content, mg/eq                                         Dry         Type        pH
                                                                             residue

River             NCO3        CL       SO4      Ca            Mg     Na


                  4.90        1.90     2.30     3.00          3.00   3.10    0.720       Hydro       7.3
                                                                                         Carbon
Atachay                                                                                  Sulphate
                  3.30        1.20     2.30     3.00          2.00   1.80    0.500       Sulphate-
                                                                                         Hydro
Gilgilchay                                                                               Carbom


Both rivers by the information of Ministry of Ecology are polluted at a certain degree.
Main morphometric and flow characteristics of these rivers have been given on Table 4.4 and flow sources
on Table 4.5.


Table 4.4. Average long-term and extreme water use of rivers


                                        Annual
                                                       Maximum Minimum Water
                                        flow                                                     Average height
    N        River post                                water use, water use, catchment
                                        norm,                                                    of basin, m
                                                       m3/s       m3/s       area, km2
                                        m3/s



    .1       Atachay- Altiagaj          0,062          64.5          0            22.4           1360


             Kharmidorchay-
    2.       Khaltan                    0,31           20,6          0,002        42,4           1380



    3.       Gilgilchay-Jalagan         0,74           110           0            696            (920)



Table 4.5. Flow sources of the rivers



        N     River station              Snow waters, %              Rain waters, %      Ground waters, %

              Kharmidorchay-
        1.    Khaltan                    14                          50                  36

        2.    Atachay- Altiagaj           18                         74                  8



                                                                                                                  65
The Gilgilchay river starts from Gulumdostu mountain (on 1980 m altitude). It is also high water flood river.
The mineralization degree of water reaches to 920 mg/l. Water resources are using mainly in irrigation.


Atachay river is created at 1870 m upper the joining of Agchay and Mintyanka river.s. The mineralization
degree of water reaches to 900-1300 mg/l.


Underground waters

The area of Siyazan region is mainly consisting of clayey rocks of the palaeogene and neogene periods.
Local occurrences of sands, gravels and limestones are common, but these are of limited extent and do not
support the formation of significant groundwater resources. Accordingly, both ground and artesian water
resources in the region are limited. Groundwater plays a role in feeding the rivers of the area (see Table 4.5),
but their role is small in comparison with other sources of water that feed the rivers and in arid years in
summer months these rivers dry up.


In the foothills of Gilgilchay basin there are fresh and little mineralized ground water resources. According
to the assessments the resources of these waters are 1000 m3/day.
According to the information obtained from the Amelioration JSC, the mineralization of ground waters
between the rail road and the Caspian Sea is below 3.0 mq/l. The ground waters are of two types: Hydro
Carbonate – Calsium and Sulphate-Hydrocarbonate –Calsium- Magnezium waters .



4.2. Social-economic character of Project area

Economical-geographical position

Siyazan region is one of the five administrative regions (Shabran, Khachmaz, Guba, Gusar, Siyazan) of
Guba-Khachmaz economical-geographical region. The area of Siyazan region is 759 km2 and population is
37.6 thousand.


Siyazan region is situated in the north-east of Azerbaijan Republic. The economical-geographical position of
the region is very advantageous from a development perspective. Transportation and communication lines
pass through the region going from Azerbaijan to Russia and other CIS countries to the north; also, the
proximity of region to the highly developed industrial centre plays an important role in developing the
economy of the region. The transport network of the region is represented by rail, automobile, pipe-line
transport types. The passing of main rail-automobile lines through the region, and also the direct access of
the region to the sea create very good economic development conditions. As an indicator of development
potential, the Baku-Khachmaz-Darband railway line that passes through Siyazan recorded an increase in
freight and passengers of 2 – 2.5 times in the 1995 – 1996 period.


                                                                                                              66
Population


Population dynamics in Siyazan region is given in Table 4.6.


Table 4.6. Increase dynamics of population number in Siyazan region (thousand persons)


                                                               1st of January situation
                     Area
                                                1990      1995           2000         2005     2009

         Republic of Azerbaijan           7131.9       7643.5        8032.8        8447.3    8896.9

         City population                  3847.3       4005.6        4116.4        4477.6    4818.3

         Village population               3284.6       3637.9        3916.4        3969.7    4078.6
         Guba-Khachmaz         economic
                                          373.7        417.8         445.3         465.9     487.0
         region – total
         City population                  123.1        134.6         138.9         154.8     165.8

         Village population               250.6        283.2         306.4         311.1     321.2

         Siyazan region                   29.2         31.8          33.8          35.8      37.6

         City population                  19.7         21.5          22.3          23.4      24.7

         Village population               9.5          10.3          11.5          12.4      12.9



As identified in Table 4.5 most people in Siyazan region live in villages and the urbanization level is 66%.
The birth rate of the region was 19.7 per 1000 people in the 1990’s, but this has dropped to 9.3 births per
1000 more recently. The average density of population is 53 people per km2. The working population is
34% of the total population.


Siyazan attracts immigrants from other CIS countries. Displaced persons from Nagorno-Karabakh are also
inhabit the region. Displaced persons having limited economic means and faced with unemployment are
among the most vulnerable groups in society in Shabran region.


Economic-social situation


In Siyazan region approximately 50 % of employed persons work in state sector. There are 6 industrial and 2
agricultural institutions. The average monthly salary is 252.3 AZN.
The social-economic indicators of the region are given in Table 4.7.


                                                                                                          67
        Table 4.7. The social-economic indicators of Siyazan region.


            Number of doctors, person
                                             94           Number of infant schools                5
            Number of doctors per 10000 25.1              Number      of       children    there, 391
            persons                                       person

            Number of average medical 220                                                         106
                                                          Number of children against 100
            workers, person
                                                          places in infant schools
            Number of average medical 58.7                Internal    general        education
            workers per 10000 persons                     schools                                 24

            Number of hospitals              3            Number of pupils there, person          6371

            Number of hospital beds          220


Industrial activity focuses on oil-gas production, other local raw material resources, food industries and
hardware production. In addition, there is a carpet factory in Siyazan. Local inhabitants are mainly busy
with grain-growing, vegetable-growing and cattle-breeding, however. More recently, At recent times wheat
planting cultivation has been of considerable increased (Table 4.7). Over Siyazan region production of plant-
growing crops and productivity of asgriclutural data spheres are given in Tables 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11 and
4.12.


        Table 4.8. Sowing areas over Siyazan region, ha


         №           Sowing areas        2000       2003       2004         2005       2006       2007    2008
        1       Orchard sowing area     85         85         85           135        135        135     137
        2       Sowing areas of grain
                                        1585       3375       3611         4686       3446       1348    1591
                and grain beans
        3       Wheat sowing area       995        2492       2325         3190       2305       678     672
        4       Barley sowing area      577        873        1275         1486       1130       646     906
        5       Maize sowing area for
                                        8          8          8            8          9          22      12
                grain
        6       Potato sowing area      21         34         34           37         40         33      29
        7       Vegetable sowing area   53         73         80           90         96         66      65
        8       Sowing area of
                foodstuff melon         27         38         40           46         47         42      39
                plantation
        9       Orchard sowing area     85         85         85           135        135        135     137
        10      Vineyard sowing area    400        50         50           4          4          24      24


        Table 4.9. Production of plant-growing crops over Siyazan region, ton

        №       Production field        2000       2003      2004          2005       2006       2007    2008
        1       Production of grain
                                        2832       6923      6934          6859       5485       1287    2331
                and grain beans
        2       Wheat production        2012       5397      4768          5142       3889       625     1025
                                                                                                                 68
      3      Barley production             798        1510    2147   1699    1576    624          1272
      4      Maize production for
                                           17         13      14     15      17      35           33
             grain
      5      Potato production             147        277     280    294     302     187          164
      6      Vegetable production          432        507     524    610     550     323          374
      7      Production of
             foodstuff melon               159        253     249    258     259     204          184
             plantation
      8      Fruit production              389        382     387    798     697     552          589
      9      Grape production              122        53      23     42      18      23           23


      Table 4.10. Productivity on agricultural fields in Siyazan region, cent/ha

     №       Productivity             2000       2003        2004    2005    2006    2007     2008
     1       Grain productivity       17.9       20.5        19.2    14.6    15.9    9.5      14.7
     2       Wheat productivity       20.2       21.7        20.5    16.1    16.9    9.2      15.2
     3       Barley productivity      13.8       17.3        16.8    11.4    13.9    9.7      14
     4       Maize productivity
                                      21.4       16.4        17.3    18.5    18.9    16.0     27.1
             for grain
     5       Potato productivity      70         82          82      80      75      57       57
     6       Vegetable
                                      82         70          66      68      57      49       58
             productivity
     7       Productivity of
             foodstuff melon          59         67          62      56      55      49       47
             plantation
     8       Fruit productivity       45.8       44.9        45.4    71.3    69.8    55       59
     9       Grape productivity       2.7        1.6         1.6     50      29.1    42.8     40.3


One of the specialized fields of the region is cattle-breeding. In flat areas milk-beef cattle breeding, in
foothills and mountainous areas sheep-breeding is developed (Table 4.11).
      Table 4.11. Number of cattle in Siyazan (thousands)
         Cattle-breeding
                           2000        2003      2004      2005      2006      2007        2008
         fields
         Cow and bufallo 4518          4660      4860      4974      5024      5088        5130
         Sheep and goat 29319          35060     36650 38970         40228     41392       40855
      In broiler enterprises of Siyazan chicken and eggs are producing (Table 4.12).
      Table 4.12 Animal produce production in Siyazan region


         №   Production fields         2000       2003       2004    2005    2006    2007         2008
         1   Meat production, ton
                                       411        6229       5951    7895    7671    14224        15951
             (undercut)
         2   Milk production, ton      5700       7624       7850    7714    7880    8034         8048
         3   Egg        production,
                                       1360       16639      13942   19375   16789   25696        32414
             thousand
         4   Wool production, ton      45         58         71      75      77      81           72




                                                                                                          69
4.3. Significant changes in Project area

In Siyazan region reestablishment of Water Supply and Sewerage systems take into account the following
construction works:


1.       For Water Supply system;
        Construction of reservoirs;
        Construction of pump stations;
        Lay on water supply lines.
2.       For Sewerage System
        Construction of sewage cleaning structures
        Installation of lines (main waterway) removing sewage


4.4. Information reliability
There are three main sources of used information in preparing of report:
             1. Existing web-sites, questionnaire, scientific literature;
             2. Visual field investigation;
             3. Experts’ investigation objects and knowledge on environment and generalization skills.


Information on physical-geographical condition, geological structure, soil cover, ecosystems, vegetative and
animal worlds of the region have been taken from appropriate monographs and “Atlas of Azerbaijan”.


Main sources of information on climate, surface and ground waters of the territory have been taken from
different questionnaires of National Hydrometeorology and Department of Monitoring of Environment and
they are the results of monitoring conducted on last years.
General information on social-economic situation of the region have been taken from relative monographs
and web-site of State Statistics Committee.
Information on Water Supply and Sewerage System structures (reservoirs, pump stations, water cleaning
structure, water supply lines, etc.) that will be constructed and renewed in the territory have been taken from
TES reports implemented by Temelsu organization, also as the result of Eptisa and Hydrometeorological
Consulting organizations experts’ visual field review, which was undertaken in June 2010.
Members of the EIA project team have implemented scientific-investigation works and realized projects in
different regions of Azerbaijan, including in Siyazan region. In preparation of reports, gathering, processing,
analyzing and generalization of information they used their knowledge and skills.
The quality and exactness of information used in preparation of report can be considered as generally
satisfactory. However, it is be noted that there is limited information on fauna where the water treatment
plant will be constructed.


                                                                                                             70
5. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
5.1       Environmental Issues
The boundaries of the EIA study are defined in two ways:
     The boundaries of the project service area are defined by the boundaries of Siyazan city and nearby
      villages in Siyazan Rayon.
     The boundaries of the specific facilities to be established through the project are defined by the facilities
      themselves and the area of potential impact adjacent to them. The area of potential impact differs for
      different potential impacts (e.g. the area of potential impact associated with visual impacts is greater than
      the area of potential impact associated with land use disturbance), and these will be defined in the EIA
      study in association with the nature of the potential impacts themselves.


The EIA study reflects project boundaries according to each of these considerations
As described above the Project documentation has identified the following environment-related problems
associated with existing WSS systems in Siyazan region:
     The untreated waste waters pollute groundwater and surface water.
     Land and atmosphere air pollution by the effect of untreated waters discharged to open areas, posing a
      health threat on the local population.
     Leakages from old WS facilities (including water losses as a result of accidental breakage of old
      pipelines) and also inefficiency of water use lead to drinking water shortage by volume and time scales.
     Discharge of untreated industrial wastes (including medical) represents an immediate public health risk.
     Little effort is made to reduce, reuse or recycle waste waters discharged to the sewage collector.
     Absence of water meters lead to inefficient use of drinking water, including its use for irrigation and
      other purposes
     There is need to provide irrigation water supply from Samur- Absheron canal for lower tariffs than
      drinking water


The proposed project is intended to address these problems.              Therefore, the primary environmental
improvements associated with the proposed project will be the creation of an environmentally sound WSS
system that eliminates these problems to the extent feasible. The major environmental risks associated with
project implementation are as follows:
       Proposed facilities are not in fact designed or constructed properly, either because sites are not
        sufficiently investigated to ensure that appropriate designs are undertaken, or because of inadequate
        design and/or construction supervision.
       Proposed facilities are not operated properly, either because management or operational staff
        are inadequately trained or because inadequate financial resources are available to maintain
        the water management system following the investment.
                                                                                                                 71
The main socio-economic risks relate to the potential negative impact of the project during construction: the
project may disrupt the community for an extended period during its construction. Disruptions at the
residential level may occur as a result of the noise and dust associated with construction, and disruptions to
local economic activity may occur as a result difficulty in crossing construction zones and difficulty in
accessing business locations.


5.2. Potential Positive Project Impacts


The primary objective of the project is to improve the health and livelihoods of the urban communities
through the provision of safe, potable quality and adequate water supply and sanitation.
Based on the feasibility study document the following indicators will be followed:
         Secure supply with potable water meeting World Health Organization (WHO) and/or national
      quality standards
         Continuous water supply for 24 hours per day
         Supply of each user with sufficient water for domestic needs
         Water distribution system workable under operation pressures with low leakage rates
         Safe collection and treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater and reduction of aquifer
      pollution
         Compliance of water supply facilities, sewer system and wastewater treatment plant based on
      international and/or Azeri standards(Annex 6).
         Affordable Water Supply and Sanitation Prices for consumers and within determined service tariffs
         Minimum use of natural resources to keep the impact of WSS measures on the environment at
      minimum level during implementation and maintenance


Implementation of the Project will upgrade and improve the sustainability in the Rayon centers through
application of a new, efficient and appropriately sized water and sanitation infrastructure , strengthening of
local know how and capacity to deliver and maintain water supply and sanitation services , developing a
sense of local ownership through community participation.


In general expected project benefits in the project area are as follows:
       Prevention of the Ground and Surface Water Pollution
       Protection of the Public Health
       Prevention of Wasting of Water Resources and Energy
       Prevention of the Soil Pollution and Supply of Free Fertilizers to Farmers




                                                                                                            72
5.3     Potential Negative Project Impacts and Mitigation Measures



In this section, negative environmental impacts are identified, and the significance of hose impacts is
assessed.
An objective methodology is therefore required to permit assessment of the potential significance of
environmental issues.



The Feasibility Study Consultant carried out the initial environmental assessment for the Category A type
project. In the following the initial environmental assessment has been carried out in order to evaluate the
effects of the proposed solution. In this part first, the “Rapid Environmental Assessment Checklist” was
filled for both sewerage and water supply systems. This checklist summarizes existing project area in
Siyazan and potential environmental impacts, which projects may cause. The checklist can be seen in the
following table(Table 5.1).

Table 5.1. Rapid Environmental Assessment Checklist

QUESTIONS                                Yes     No      Notes
A. Project site
Project area...
Densely populated?                               X
Involved in development projects?                X
Close to temporary reserves or
                                                 X
including?
Cultural heritage                                X
Protection zone                                  X
Swamp area                                       X
Estuary                                          X
Buffer zone of protected area                    X
Special zone to protect biodiversities           X
Bay                                              X
B. Potential Environmental Impacts
Will this project cause impacts...?
Damage to historical/cultural                            There are no cultural facilities and
monuments /areas?                                        archeological monuments in the direct
                                                         project zone. If any historical-cultural
                                                         areas are to be recorded in the project
                                                         zone in the future, proper measures are
                                                         to be taken in accordance with
                                                 X
                                                         Environmental      Management       Plan
                                                         (EMP).
                                                         These     measures      should    ensure
                                                         protection of historical archeological
                                                         excavations and cultural heritage of
                                                         national and international value.
Constraint to other enterprises and                      It is expected that project related
access to buildings; noise, bad smell    X               impacts during the construction works
related disturbance to neighbouring                      will be temporary, short-term and
                                                                                                          73
areas and flow of rodents, insects etc.?       insignificant. The contractor should
                                               consider and take adequate measures to
                                               build temporary alternative roads,
                                               passages and relevant infrastructure to
                                               ensure access of people, reduce
                                               distribution of noise, bad odor and reach
                                               of wastewater to other sites.
resettlement or necessary relocation of        The project doesn’t include relocation
local people                                   of local people. It is also unlikely to
                                               result in loss of real estate, income
                                               sources and settlement areas. In case of
                                               temporary or permanent withdrawal of
                                           X
                                               land owned by people during
                                               construction of water pipes or sewage
                                               lines, the losses will be compensated in
                                               accordance with relevant legislation of
                                               Azerbaijan republic.
damage to quality of downstream water          Currently there is no adequate source
in case of discharge of improperly             for discharge of treated wastewater.
treated or untreated wastewater?               Wastewater       flows     are    usually
                                               discharged into open areas without any
                                               treatment which cause pollution of
                                               surface and ground water sources.
                                               It is believed that in the future the
                                               treated wastewater will be discharged
                                               into dry river bed or reused for
                                               irrigation purposes. If reused for
                                               irrigation, then in the periods out of
                                               irrigation season treated wastewater
                                               might cause damage to environment and
                                           X
                                               health of people. Therefore, level of
                                               treatment shall be adjusted depending
                                               on the conditions of reuse and
                                               discharge.
                                                The wastewater flows will be treated to
                                               comply with the Surface Water
                                               Protection requirements of BOD205-
                                               3mg/l. So, 24 hour aeration process is
                                               envisaged with the application of full
                                               biological treatment. Wastewater flows
                                               treated up to BOD20= 20mg/l will
                                               undergo full retreatment in the natural
                                               pools.
Flooding of private properties with            Project includes construction of
untreated wastewater                           wastewater treatment works somewhere
                                               outside the urban area. The structures
                                               will comply with the modern
                                               technological standards and the process
                                               of construction will be supervised by
                                           X   the technical expertise. The operation
                                               and maintenance of the structure will be
                                               carried out by the qualified operator
                                               adhering to relevant technological
                                               schemes, design parameters and
                                               normative acts. The situations causing
                                               flooding the neighbouring settlements
                                                                                           74
                                                 and private property, other than natural
                                                 disasters and technical breakages are
                                                 unlikely.
Environmental pollution due to                   Sludge produced by wastewater
improper sludge operation or discharge           treatment will be processed properly.
of industrial wastewater into public             Sludge processing shall ensure full
sewage system?                                   liquidation of its pollutant and harmful
                                                 compositions.
                                                 If sludge will be used for agricultural
                                                 purposes, the proper processing will be
                                                 included in the wastewater treatment
                                                 process and respond to relevant
                                                 sanitary-hygiene norms.
                                             X   If sludge will not be used in agriculture,
                                                 it will be processed accordingly, stored
                                                 in sludge fields and buried in the areas
                                                 agreed with Rayon Executive Power
                                                 and sanitary center.
                                                 The body responsible for the
                                                 maintenance of the treatment plant and
                                                 sanitary-hygiene      department      will
                                                 control discharge of inadmissible
                                                 harmful substances,           wastes and
                                                 materials into the sewage collector.
Noise and vibration due to explosions            Construction works will be carried out
and other construction works?                    in accordance with bidding process. It
                                                 will be implemented with due
                                                 compliance        with     specifications,
                                                 ecological and sanitary norms and
                                         X       regulations. The quality and scope of
                                                 works will be supervised by PIU and
                                                 selected consultants. The constructor
                                                 will take necessary measures in due
                                                 time, with a view not to exceed
                                                 allowable level of noise and vibration.
Discharge of toxic substance into                Inadequacy of contractor’s project
sewage system which may damage the               related activities may cause damage to
system and harm workers health?                  environment, staff health, and health
                                                 security of local people, including
                                                 discharge of toxic chemical substances
                                                 to sewage collectors which may lead to
                                             X   bad consequences. The organization of
                                                 works in accordance with the best
                                                 practices and implementation of
                                                 trainings for the local staff are the key
                                                 components to eliminate or mitigate
                                                 adverse environmental impacts and risk
                                                 to human health.
Buffer zone to mitigate noise or other           Presently there are no protection
potential damages to surrounding                 lines/buffer zones around existing
locations and supply structures with             sewage structures and pumping stations.
protection zones?                                The planned new structures or
                                             X
                                                 rehabilitation of existing ones will
                                                 require allocation of sanitary protection
                                                 zone as indicated in the sanitary-
                                                 hygiene norms. The planting of trees to
                                                                                              75
                                                   provide a fence around these zones and
                                                   implementation of other adequate
                                                   arrangements will contribute mitigation
                                                   of noise, vibration and other potential
                                                   impacts.
Conflicts between construction staff               Social studies implemented in the
from other areas and local workers?                project zone show the sufficiency of
                                                   local labor force with different
                                                   disciplines. One of the project outcomes
                                                   is the creation of new temporary and
                                               X   permanent employments. Thus, local
                                                   expertise must be favored in the process
                                                   of employment. Any conflicts resulted
                                                   on any grounds will be resolved under
                                                   procedures of Management of Social
                                                   Impacts.
Traffic closures and temporary                     It is expected that construction of water
flooding of roads due to earth                     supply and sanitation system implies
excavation works and during rainfall               enormous earth excavation works. The
seasons?                                           contractor will plan the work phases,
                                               X   provide temporary roads for local
                                                   population, protect surrounding areas
                                                   from flooding due to excavation works
                                                   and take proper actions to handle
                                                   excavated material.
Noise and dust caused by construction              Noise and dust caused by construction
works?                                             works will be mitigated by the
                                                   application of best ecological practices.
                                                   These      measures      may       include
                                                   implementation of works during
                                                   ordinary working hours and application
                                                   of noise silencers. Noise production rate
                                                   cannot exceed 65 dB in the daytime and
                                           X       45 dB in the dark hours in accordance
                                                   with Azerbaijani standards and norms.
                                                   The dust distribution must be eliminated
                                                   by minimum application of machines
                                                   and mechanisms producing disturbing
                                                   noise, watering of the construction site,
                                                   provision of coatings over dusty
                                                   materials and temporary fences and
                                                   other methods.
Traffic constraints due to                         Construction works must be organized
transportation of construction materials           in such a way that they don’t cause
and wastes?                                        constraints to normal traffic and extra
                                                   noise.
                                                   In order to avoid pollution of central
                                               X
                                                   urban areas excavated materials will be
                                                   transported      through       alternative
                                                   secondary roads rather than main
                                                   highways. (to be agreed with rayon
                                                   SRP).
Excavation of temporary silt?                      One of the environmental impacts is the
                                                   silt and other earth materials generated
                                               X
                                                   due to construction works.
                                                   Such materials will be handled in
                                                                                                76
                                                 accordance with the EMP, surrounded
                                                 to ensure flow to other areas, covered
                                                 (if necessary) and discharge to areas as
                                                 agreed with the Rayon Executive
                                                 Power.
Health risks due to flooding and                 Treatment structures will be operated in
groundwater pollution due to sewage              compliance with the relevant guidelines
line deterioration?                              and standard documents. These
                                                 structures will be provided with
                                                 emergency outlets in cases of breakages
                                                 and other damages. Emergency outlets
                                             X
                                                 will be used with the prior awareness of
                                                 the adequate local bodies.
                                                 The emergency plan of the operator of
                                                 the treatment structure will include
                                                 early warning of unexpected emergency
                                                 situations.
Damage to water quality due to bad               The plant should include internal
sludge treatment or discharge of                 laboratory to ensure operation of
wastewater without treatment?                    treatment structures in compliance with
                                                 the relevant ecological and sanitary
                                                 norms and adherence to permissible
                                             X   pollution level of the treated water
                                                 content.
                                                 The operation of these structures will
                                                 also be followed by the local sanitary
                                                 agencies      and    MENR        regional
                                                 departments.
Pollution of surface and groundwater             Negligence of control of sludge
sources due to sludge accumulations?             accumulation in ecologically vulnerable
                                                 areas can increase risk of pollution of
                                             X
                                                 surface and groundwater sources. The
                                                 contractor will apply best practices to
                                                 mitigate such risks.
Risks to health of operation staff               Wastewater operation staff should
resulting from toxic gases, harmful              follow       adequate       technological
substances, including pathogens in the           instructions and sanitary norms in daily
wastewater and sludge residues?                  working hours and be provided with
                                             X   relevant safety uniforms and facilities.
                                                 The security experts of wastewater
                                                 treatment plant are responsible for safe
                                                 working conditions and training of
                                                 operation staff on security issues.
Conflicts of raw water supply with the           The supply of water will surely affect
consumers of other surface and                   the capacity of the supply source but
groundwater sources?                     X       have no conflicting factor with other
                                                 water consumers.

Supply of unreliable raw water                   Water sources meeting potable water
(including extra pathogens and mineral           norms and having required flow rates
compositions)?                                   approved by the government, including
                                                 necessary     technical,     economical,
                                             X
                                                 financial, and ecological requirements
                                                 are seen as reliable alternative sources.
                                                 The project excludes investigation of
                                                 sources irrelevant to the above
                                                                                             77
                                                indicators.
Delivery of irrelevant water flows into         The      development       of   operation
the distribution system?                        department must ensure adherence to
                                                the wastewater treatment operation
                                            X   procedures and exclude any delivery of
                                                irrelevant and        inadequate to water
                                                standards water flows into the
                                                distribution system.
Irrelevant protection of intake                 A sanitary-protection zone is envisaged
structures or wells resulting in                for water supply source to be selected
pollution of water supply?                      through comparison of different
                                                alternatives       meeting      technical,
                                                ecological, financial and ecological
                                            X
                                                conditions and adequate structures to be
                                                built on this source. This zone will
                                                ensure any discharge of wastes or
                                                substances and illegal access to the
                                                selected water supply facilities.
Oversupply of groundwater flows                 The project studies will prioritize water
resulting in soil salinization and ground       sources with sufficient flow capacity
setting?                                        and adequate quality (rivers, main water
                                            X   pipelines etc.), including artesian wells.
                                                The risk of soil salinization or ground
                                                settling will be determined by adequate
                                                geological investigations.
Overgrowth of water-plants in the               Growth of water plants on the walls and
                                            X
water reservoir?                                bed of water reservoirs is unlikely.
Production of wastewater flows which            Improvement of water supply will
surpass design capacity of domestic             certainly increase production of
sewage system?                                  domestic wastewater flows in the
                                                project towns. However, project
                                            X   activities include construction of
                                                adequate      sanitation system and
                                                wastewater treatment structures which
                                                will prevent environmental pollution
                                                with additional wastewater flows.
Risks resulting from inadequate design          The chlorine to be applied in the
of structures envisaged for purchase,           primary production structures and water
storage and application of chlorine and         reservoirs and transportation, storage
other toxic chemicals?                          and application of reagents to be used
                                                for water cleaning purposes and
                                                laboratory analyses will be carried out
                                                in accordance with the ‘National
                                            X
                                                Strategy on the Management of
                                                Hazardous Substances and Wastes of
                                                the Republic of Azerbaijan’, including
                                                inventory of these substances. The
                                                given provision excludes any adverse
                                                impact of these substances on adequate
                                                staff and local population.
Health risks due to application of              Chlorine and other reagents to be used
chlorine and other substances to                for disinfection of potable water is
disinfect water?                                unlikely to cause any health risks
                                            X
                                                because the staff working with such
                                                substances      will     have   necessary
                                                knowledge of behaviour with such
                                                                                             78
                                                          substances and follow adequate
                                                          guidelines and instructions.
Risks of inadequate water supply and                      The project envisages full replacement
disproportionate chlorination in the                      of pipes, structures and other facilities
distribution system due to bad                            of water supply and sanitation system of
operation and maintenance (siltation of                   the project area and their maintenance
filters)?                                                 in accordance with the best practices
                                                          and laboratory analyses of potable water
                                                          supplied to urban population. The
                                                  X       application of new operation model to
                                                          the water supply facilities will cause
                                                          operational and service improvement of
                                                          this sector. In line with above notes it is
                                                          not likely that the level of chlorine in
                                                          the water flows supplied to local
                                                          population will increase permissible
                                                          levels.
Delivery of water to corroded                             Modern and more reliable construction
distribution network due to negligence                    materials (polymer pipes etc.) will be
of proper proportionate application of                    used in the reconstruction of the water
                                                  X
chemical substances?                                      supply and sanitation system which will
                                                          ensure proper operation of distribution
                                                          system and its corrosion resistance.
Unexpected leakage of gas chlorine?                       Transportation, storage and application
                                                          of any chemical substances to be used
                                                          for disinfection of potable water will be
                                                  X       carried out in accordance with the
                                                          adequate guidelines. The adherence to
                                                          such guidelines will prevent any
                                                          leakages.
Oversupply of water to the downstream                     According to the current studies
consumers?                                                existing water sources used for water
                                                          supply are irrelevant, with negligence
                                                          for physical-chemical treatment which
                                                  X       causes health risks. The improvement
                                                          of water supply and sanitation system
                                                          will cause no risk for downstream
                                                          consumers.



In addition to the findings in above table for comparison       also a semi-quantitative analysis has been
undertaken to further evaluate potential environmental impacts., and Accordingly, “Valued environmental
components” (VEC’s) are determined and ranked according to whether they are “high”, “medium” or “low”
( Table 5.2). Each of the environmental components identified in the Table has been identified during the
consultations or as a result of technical analysis. Valued environmental components that are valued as
“high” are those that are broadly important across society. VEC’s that are ranked as “medium” are those that
are important at a community level, but are of limited significance at a wider level. VEC’s that are ranked as
“low” are significant at a localised level2

2
  The identification and priority assigned to a VEC has been informed by the public consultations that took
place in June 2010.
                                                                                                            79
The table evaluates the significance of potential impacts with respect to each VEC. The “significance of
potential environmental effects” is ranked based on the intrinsic potential of the identified potential effects to
impact the VEC’s. As identified in the Table, the potential significance of possible project effects is ranked
as “high” for most of the VEC’s that are highly valued. However, the significance of project impacts on land
use is considered to be “medium” since the amount of land in question is limited, some future land uses
would be enhanced (and development costs lowered) by facility development and specific alternate land
uses have not been proposed.


The significance of potential project effects on VEC’s ranked as “medium” varies. In some cases, potential
project effects are ranked as “high” and in other cases as “medium”. This recognises that the project may
have effects ranked as “high” or “medium” even though these effects may be on VEC’s that are not
themselves ranked as “high”; these effects will be important to address to ensure that the project does not
disadvantage the communities in which facilities are located. The project has only “low” potential with
respect to the location of reservoirs and treatment plant facilities to impact property values, however, since
Siyazan community is located in a distance from the proposed site.


VEC’s ranked as “low” are those that are relevant at the scale of individual property owners and users of the
land on which proposed facilities are proposed to be located. Notwithstanding that they are considered as
“low” from the perspective of society as a whole, they may be of the highest importance to the individuals
and their families who depend on the proposed site locations for their livelihood. Potential project impacts
on VEC’s at this level are “high”, since the project has potential to seriously disrupt both the livelihoods of
those who use the land as well as the amenity values they associate with the land.


Table 5.2 also identifies the availability of mitigation measures. As indicated in the table, mitigation
measures are available to address all potential negative effects identified during the period of the preparation
of this document.




                                                                                                                80
 Table 5.2 :Valued Environmental Components and Potential Negative Effects
VALUED ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS                SIGNIFICANCE OF POTENTIAL NEGATIVE EFFECTS                                                        AVAILABILITY OF MITIGATION
Priority Environmental Component               Potential Negative Project Effects                            Potential Significance of Effect*   MEASURES
Construction Phase Phase
High       Ground and surface water            Pollution of ground and surface water                           High                              Measures available
           Land Use                            Long term reduction of choices for land development at the area Medium                            Measures available
           Natural habitat                      Disturbance of the natural habitat due to construction related Medium                            Measures available
                                                noise, dust, non-seasonal works, unprocessed residues and etc.
                                               Loss of natural areas due to construction works.                Low                               Measures not avaiilable
           Flora and fauna                      Earthworks, operation of machines, noise and etc.;             Medium                            Measures available
                                                Losses or degradations during and after construction works,
                                                non-seasonal works, change of ecological situation etc.
           Drinking water quality               Pollution of drinking water sources                            High                              Measures available

           Cultural heritage                   Loss of cultural heritage                                      Medium                             Measures available

           Public health                         Injury from use of harmful substances in construction (paints High                              Measures available
                                                 with heavy metal, lead compositions), asbestos- cement slabs,
                                                 inflammable and toxic materials etc.)
           Air quality                           Dust, gases/aerosol associated with construction (toxic gasses Medium                           Measures available
                                                 discharged by construction machineries, wind blown
                                                 construction materials etc.)
           Soil                                   Contamination of soil from land disposal of construction Low                                   Landfill for disposal of wastes is
                                                  wastes                                                                                         not available
           Traffic/construction vehicle impacts Increased level of truck/construction vehicle traffic in Medium                                  Measures available
                                                  communities
           Odour, dust and noise impacts from Odour, dust and noise impact at staff and off-site receptors      Medium                           Measures available
           construction activities
Medium     Environmental       pollution    form Environmental pollution due to improper sludge operation or Low                                 Measures available
           WWTP                                  discharge of industrial wastewater into public sewage system
           Socio-economic stability              Inability of local communities to pay for services             High                             Measures available

           Public health                       Health risks from unprocessed wastes;                        High                                 Measures available
                                               Use of harmful substances by users of the WSS system (paints
                                               with heavy metal, lead compositions, toxic materials etc.)
           Soil                                 Contamination of soil from land disposal of sludge;         High                                 Measures available
                                               Possibility of erosion related to wastewater discharge;

 WSS SHABRAN                                                                                                                                                   JULY 2010
 EIA SCOPING STUDY                                                                    81
VALUED ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS             SIGNIFICANCE OF POTENTIAL NEGATIVE EFFECTS                                                       AVAILABILITY OF MITIGATION
Priority Environmental Component            Potential Negative Project Effects                           Potential Significance of Effect*   MEASURES
         Flooding of sewage system          Production of wastewater flows which surpass design capacity High                                Measures available, except that
                                            of domestic sewage system as a result of increase of water                                       landfill for disposal of wastes is
                                            supply                                                                                           not available
          Odour impacts from wastewater Odour impacts on nearby properties                               High                                Measures available
          treatment plant site activities
          Reduction of land in productive Reduced land availability for grazing and crops                Medium                              Measures available
          agricultural use
          Limitations on future development Reduction of development options (reservoirs, WWTP area)     High                                Measures available
          Limitations on future development Reduction of development options (reservoirs, WWTP area)     High                                Measures available
          Environnemental pollution from Soil, air and/or water pollution from improper storage of Medium                                    Measures available
          WWTP construction                 construction materials
Operational Phase
High      Socio-economic stability          Inability of community to pay for facilities                 High                                Measures available
                                                Reduction in property values                               Low                               Measures available
            Public health                       Health risks from sludge disposed as waste                 High                              Landfill to protect public health
                                                                                                                                             from health risks related to waste
                                                                                                                                             not available
            Soil                                Contamination of soil from land disposal of sludge         High                              Landfill to protect soil quality
                                                                                                                                             from contamination related to
                                                                                                                                             waste not available
                                                Possibility of soil erosion related to wastewater discharge; Medium                          Measures available
            Flooding of sewage system           Production of wastewater flows which surpass design capacity High                            Measures available Measures
                                                of domestic sewage system as a result of increase of water                                   available, except that landfill for
                                                supply                                                                                       disposal of wastes is not available
            Odour impacts from wastewater Odour impacts on nearby properties                                 High                            Measures available
            treatment plant site activities
            Reduction of land in productive Reduced land availability for grazing and crops                  Medium                          Measures available
            agricultural use
            Reduction in local property values. Loss of investment value by residents                        Low                             Measures available

Medium      Limitations on future development   Reduction of development options (reservoirs, WWTP area)   High                              Measures available
            Visual impact                       Unsightliness of treatment facilities                      Low/medium                        Measures available
            Employment/livelihood               Loss of traditional employment/livelihood                  High                              Measures available
Low         Amenity value                       Loss of amenity value adjacent to treatment facilities     Low                               Measures available


  WSS SHABRAN                                                                                                                                               JULY 2010
  EIA SCOPING STUDY                                                                     82
Mitigation measures may be at the level of facility siting, design, construction and operation, and may
include physical, financial, institutional or other measures. An environmental monitoring plan will ensure
that all measures are appropriately undertaken and that required environmental standards are maintained.
This will document the nature and frequency of the monitoring required. For the WWTP site, environmental
monitoring will include a schedule for regular monitoring for key indicators of contamination.


Check points, terms of selection of samples of waste water and main indicators of its content are defined in
each specific case at designing and they are specified at operation of irrigation systems in agreement with
local control bodies.


Analysis of content of sludge of waste water is conducted before use of it . Background content of heavy
metals in soil isn’t high and sludge meets demands for irrigation use on fields.


During the treatment process environmental quality standards should be followed. If treated water doesn’t
meet standards during the low flow period(or when there is no water in the river ) in Atachay river, which is
observed in summer , autumn and winter it would damage the flora and fauna of the river . Information on
flow characteristics of the river is given in the Table 5.3.


Table 5.3. Flow characteristics of the Atachay river(Water discharges, cubic meters per second)


 Month          1       2       3       4       5         6       7      8       9       10     11          12      Annual
 Average        0.013   0.024   0.14    0.23    0.14      0.06    0.02   0.005   0.017   0.02   0.036       0.029   0.062
 Minimum        0       0.001   0.012   0.006   0.002     0.001   0      0       0       0      0           0       0.003


Chemical composition of water in the river is given in the Table 5.4.
Table 5.4.Chemical composition of Atachay river waters
N             Ion content, mg/eq                                                         Dry          Type          pH
Element       NCO3      CL       SO4                    Ca        Mg         Na          residue
Concentration 4.90      1.90     2.30                   3.00      3.00       3.10        0.720        Hydro         7ş3
                                                                                                      Carbon
                                                                                                      Sulphate

In this region surface and ground waters have high level of salinity. Their composition is characterised as:
Sulphate- hydro carbonate – Calcium- Magnesium .


If waste water is treated according to standards, the risk of impact on the quality of river water will be
minimal. Even if concentrations of some pollutant in the treated water is higher than in receiving water, it
shouldn’t have significant negative impact to the river provided that the amount of treated waters is small
compared to water discharges of the river and also because of above indicators of water quality of river.


WSS SHABRAN                                                                                     JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                                 83
5.4       Data Evaluation
The information basis for the EIA differs according to the specific assessments that have been required.
.
Archive materials have been used to get basic information about physical- geographic conditions of Siyazan
region, environmental situation, water resources , their use and protections and etc. The project feasibility
document provides the main information about existing situation and proposed project activities.


Documentary information has been supported by a series of field trips.. During the trips,           additional
information was gathered about the existing water and sanitation situations, project needs and its positive and
negative impacts This is based on the existing information provided by the relevant organizations, visual
monitoring and opinions of stakeholders
Results of discussions with the stakeholders are described ion the Annex IX.


During the development of EIA report FS report materials on project activities, its impacts and proposed
environment management procedures have been checked with the national and international standards. Main
data gaps were connected with the lack of long term water resources and waste water quality and quantity
information, water use by different sectors, waste discharges by different economic sectors, and pollution of
water resources , ground waters and soil by waste waters.
Notwithstanding these shortcomings, In spite of this the information base that has been used can be
considered sufficient for the EIA development.




WSS SHABRAN                                                                           JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                             84
6. ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES TO THE PROPOSED PROJECT

Project sites are required for the water reservoirs, pipelines , pumping stations and waste water treatment
facilities. Project sites for reservoirs are primarily determined as a function of least cost associated with
construction, provision of necessary portion of area with required amount of water by gravity. Analysis has
been undertaken to identify the least cost location for each element of construction work. In addition, the
locations proposed for reservoirs and WWTP are municipally-owned lands. Discussions have been held with
local communities to determine specific locations within the community where pipelines for WS and sewage
system can most appropriately be located from the community perspective. The location of the facilities has
been pre-determined based on an extensive analysis of some alternative locations.


At meetings with Rayon staff, gravity systems for water supply were consistently promoted as the preferred
method of supply. The reason given was the simplicity of operation and the additional operating costs from
pumped sources. Alternatives such as groundwater, bore fields were not seen to be viable and made data
collection for non gravity options more
difficult.


Within the scope of the project polyethylene based corrugated pipes will be laid in wastewater network and a
new Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) will be constructed approximately 2 km away from the town
center
Information on reservoirs and other infrastructure is provided below at water supply and waste water system
improvement sections and their locations are illustrated in the relevant annexes to this report(Annexes I-V)


The following alternatives have been considered during the EIA process:
          (i) No Project Scenario
          (ii) Water Supply System improvement only
          (iii) Water Supply and Waste Water Management System improvement


6.1. No project Scenario
No project scenario would see continuation of an inefficient and unreliable, water supply system, which has
limited coverage, delivers low pressure supply and has water shortages. With regard to the wastewater
system, the situation will be worsened by the discharge of raw wastewater into the soil, groundwater and
eventually the river network, due to the lack of a WWTP. The socially and environmentally damaging
situation in the rayon will be further exacerbated, the risks of flooding of the streets and houses will be
raised. Pollution of soils, air quality (bad odor), damage to the flora and fauna will occur, surface and
groundwater will be seriously impacted. This situation is very undesirable, especially with the ongoing high
growth rate of the population and development of new business enterprises in the region (Table 6.1).


WSS SHABRAN                                                                           JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                             85
 Table 6.1. Population Growth Rates

                                          Siyazan Population Values in Future
                    The       Population                                Waste          Water
  Year                                    Water          Sewerage
                    Growth Rate                                         Treatment (Including
                                          Supplied       Served
                                                                        Buyuk Hemye Village)
  2009              -                     23,990         23,990         26,701
  2015              1,025                 25,504         25,504         28,836
  2020              1,000                 26,805         26,805         29,834
  2025              0,750                 27,825         27,825         30,969
  2030              0,700                 28,813         28,813         32,069
Source: the Feasibility Study of Siyazan WSS Project, 2010


With the population growth rate shown above, water demand, and consequently waste water production will
considerably increase over the years.


6.2. Water Supply System Improvement Scenario

According to the Feasibility Study, the average daily water consumption is estimated as 64.16 l/sfor the
design purpose. This estimate includes water use by households, entities, stock feeding, industry etc. The
current water losses in the system will be eliminated in the improved water supply system. The following
water supply options have been analyzed:


Option 1: Sourcing water from the water reservoir of the Tahtakorpu – Ceyranbatan canal.
Siyazan rayon centre is located 15 kilometers to the south of the valley of the Tahtakorpu reservoir. The
Tahtakorpu – Ceyranbatan canal passes within 1.5 kilometers of the Siyazan rayon center. With a tapping at
16,080 meters at asl 85.3 it is possible to supply water from the canal to water treatment plant located about
250 m from the canal. Treated water can then be delivered by gravity to Reservoir 1 located at 75 masl. From
there it can be distributed by gravity to Pressure Zone 1 and pumped to Reservoir 2 to supply Pressure Zone
2.


Construction of the Tahtakorpu reservoir and canal system has been ongoing for more than 10 years. A
significant reduction in funds due to the 2007 financial crisis further delayed construction. This has pushed
the completion date of the project to 2014. This delay in the implementation would impact on the ability to
use water from the Tahtakorpu reservoir. From the other hand water taken from Takhtakorpy will need to
be treated to meet the drinking water requirements specified in Annex VI, which is associated with additional
cost and, thus, is not economically feasible. The potential environmental impacts of the use of the
Takhtakorpu reservoir as a water source would occur due to the construction of new water intake, access
road upgrade, construction of a new water pipeline to the town etc. Due to these considerations this option
has been rejected.


WSS SHABRAN                                                                          JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                            86
Option 2: Upgrading the water supply from Baku I and II Water Transmission Lines.
These two water transmission lines, of 180-200 Km length supply water to Baku from spring and ground
waters of Shollar village and Khachmaz region .


Siyazan rayon centre extends eastwards from the flank of a range of low hills to the lower plains. The highest
point is approximately 95 masl, the lowest 15 masl. Two zones will distribute water throughout the urban
and industrial areas using water sourced from two reservoirs – Reservoir 1 of 3000 m3 located at masl 75 and
Reservoir 2 of 1000m3 located at masl 115 (see Annex II).


Water is taken from the 1st Baku Transmission Line to the balancing reservoir (100 m3) of Pumping Station-
1 (PS-1). There are 3 (2+1) pumps in this pumping station each having 22 kW power. Discharge through one
pump is 31 l/s and the pressure rise is 48 m. Water pumped by PS-1 is equal to the average demand of
Pressure Zone-1. Water is pumped to the balancing reservoir (also 100m3) of Pumping Station-2 (PS-2). PS-2
also takes water from 2nd Baku Transmission Line water demand of Pressure Zone-2 and pumps the total
demand to Reservoir-1. There are also 3 (2+1) pumps in this pumping station each having is 30 kW power.
Discharge of each pump is 42 l/s with 48 m pressure increase. From Reservoir-1 the water demand of
Pressure Zone-2 is pumped to Reservoir-2 by Pumping Station-3 (PS-3). This pumping station has 3 (2+1)
pumps each having 11 kW power. Discharge of each pump is 12 l/s with 53 m pressure increase. The 2nd
Baku Transmission Line passes through the main urban area at about 35 masl while the Baku I canal is
located lower down the slope at masl 0.


Verification of the structural integrity of the Baku I and II Transmission Lines has been undertaken. The
Baku I canal was completed and commissioned in 1917 with a design capacity of 1 m3 /sec. Baku II canal
was completed in the early 1960’s with a design capacity of 2.73 m3/sec. The staff of the rayon water
department and Azersu advised that no regular maintenance has been undertaken on either of these canals.
This should be taken into account by the detailed design which should envision back up arrangements
between the 2 canals in case of any breach or supply interruption on one of these canals.


Groundwater is used for both canals and is delivered by gravity. The water quality in the Baku I and II water
transmission lines has been analyzed and results show that samples from both lines meet EU, Azeri and
WHO standards (see Annex VI).


The anticipated increased water demand (to be      64.16 l/sec) will not have any significant impact on this
water source: the water abstraction will be up to 2 mln. m3 / year, while the total transmission capacity of
both canals is 125 mln. m3 / year. Ground water mostly meets the limiting values of EU Council Directive
98/83/EC without treatment. In some cases only reduction of iron and manganese is necessary, which can be
performed by simple treatment units (oxidation and filtration).

WSS SHABRAN                                                                           JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                             87
Based on the above considerations, the second option is preferred for the project water supply system
because it minimizes the need for new infrastructure that would disturb natural, manmade and social
environments. While infrastructure upgrading is associated with this option, this will be done within the
context of environmental impacts that have already occurred. While upgrading of infrastructure certainly has
potential to cause negative environmental impacts, these are lesser in scope and magnitude than would occur
if new infrastructure is introduced , and potential negative impacts can be mitigated. In both options, the
supply of water would be from facilities that will in any case exist, thus minimizing environmental impacts
associated with construction/operation of water extraction facilities. However, the delay and uncertainty
associated with water supply under option 1 will certainly have significant socio-economic impacts in
Siyazan


Main environmental impact of the construction and operation work envisioned in the project are described in
Chapter 5 and list of potential negative impact is given in the Table 5.1
The widening of the access road through the uplands is relatively straightforward for most of its length, as it
is flanked by disturbed ground with sparse vegetation. The work in the wooded habitat and vegetation will
create some environmental problems including damage to topsoil and to tree roots; and erosion may result.
Full adherence to good site practice should be ensured, as well as storage and handling of fuels and oils to
avoid contamination.
There will be temporary disturbance during construction of the reservoir and intake infrastructure, as well
for the areas along the pipeline routes to the reservoirs but this is not expected to be significant (see Chapter
5 for details). Location of the reservoir is given in the Annex IV


If the sewage system is not be improved, the situation with respect to waste water management will continue
to worsen from social – economic and environmental point of view. With the anticipated increased water
demand from the current 80 l/cap/d to 180 l/cap/din by 2030, the amount of waste water will increase
accordingly, which will further aggravate the environmental situation.

6. 3. Water Supply and Waste Water System Improvement

Different options for the improvement of the water supply system have been considered above. Project
related environmental impact for the construction and operation phases are described in Chapter 5, and list of
potential negative impact is given in the Table 5.1


Two options for improvement of sewage system in Siyazan have been analyzed:


Option 1: Rehabilitation and use of the existing waste water pipelines and wastewater treatment lagoon.



WSS SHABRAN                                                                             JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                              88
Improving the existing sewerage system by extensions and replacement of sections causing problems has
been evaluated. Most of the existing sewer network was constructed before 1985 and is currently almost non-
operational. The recently constructed section is poorly designed and buried to a depth of 1,5 m. The existing
pipelines transport wastewaters to the wastewater treatment lagoon area located at the south-eastern part of
the town. Since the proposed wastewater treatment plant area is at the north-eastern part of the town,
realigning of the existing lines from south-east to north-east is not technically viable solution. Therefore this
option has been rejected.


Option 2: Construction of new sewage system and waste water treatment plant.
The wastewater collection system design was developed by use of a model (by the analysis of topographical
maps with the support of satellite views). The location of the main sewer pipelines and lines that can be
buried deeper was determined in the first phase. These main sewer pipeline locations have been determined
by taking into account especially the critical points in the network like railways, highways, water channels
and water transmission line crossings.


The topographic conditions allow for sewerage collection by gravity. Thus, no pumps will be needed which
will minimize potential water spills. The selection of the location of the waste water treatment plant is
determined by such factors as distance from the city and Boyukhemye village(more than 800m), waste
waters and treated waters will flow by gravity, minimal environmental and social impact and etc.
Taking into account the above difficulties for rehabilitation of existing waste water system and advantage of
construction of new one, which is feasible from technical, economical and environmental point of view,
Option 2 ‘Construction of new sewage system and waste water treatment plant’ is preferred. The location of
the new WWTP will be located between Siyazan city and Boyukhemye village (800 m South-West).
The new WWTP will be provided with modern equipment which will ensure treatment of the waste waters in
accordance with international standards (EU Directive 91/271/EEC requirements are given in Annex
VI,VIII). The extended aeration system does not envisage use of heated septic reservoir and gas and, as such,
will contribute to improved safety of operation.


It should be noted that after treatment, waste waters are planned to be discharged to the Atachay river or to
be used for irrigation.


As an “alternative” option discharging of treated waters to Caspian sea via an existing drainage canal has
also been conssidered and discussed with local stakeholders. During the discussions, the local population
objected this option due to the perspective of potential human impacts on nearby located residential areas,
even though wastewates will be treated according to international standards. Therefore, it was decided to
discharge treated waters to Atachay river or use for irrigation.



WSS SHABRAN                                                                             JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                              89
Option 2 is preferred for the managment of wastewater.            It is clear that option 1 cannot provide an
envionmentally secure management of wastewater: poor design and maitenance mean that significant
quantities of wastewater escape into the environment under its current structure. In principal, rehabilitation
of infrastructure is preferred as compared to new consrtuction from an environmental perspective; however,
the existing infrastructure is in such a state of disrepair that rehabilitation will not achieve the environmental
goals of the project: protection of the environment from the negative impacts of wastewater. Accordingly,
the implemmentaiton of a new sewerage infrastructure is environmmentallly appropriate.


As described in Chapter 5, treated waste waters will not have significant negative impact to the regime of
Atachay river.      Additonallly, an improved situation in the receiving watercourses and adjacent areas
currently adversely affected by polluting untreated wastewaters is expected.


The removal of large organic loadings and their associated bacteria will be of significant benefit to at least
the local river system and groundwater and will ultimately contribute to a reduction in polluting loadings
within the Caspian Sea catchment, on which several internationally financed projects are focusing their
attention.


The sludge generated in the WWTW will be disposed of in accordance with the EU Directive, see Annex VI,
VIII for the monitoring standards and requirements. As Siyazan is a semi-rural catchment with no heavy
industries discharging to the sewer network, the sludge should be suitable for disposal to agricultural lands,
where it will have a beneficial impact and will support local agricultural activities..




WSS SHABRAN                                                                               JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                              90
7. PUBLIC CONSULTATIONS

This activity is aimed at informing identified stakeholders and other interested parties concerning the project
and gathering perspectives from them. Public consultation presents stakeholders with the opportunity to
voice both their positive opinions and their concerns and to enable these issues to be addressed in the EIA
and incorporated into the project design.


A two-stage public consultation process has been implemented:


       The first stage of public consultation was undertaken as part of the “scoping” of the EIA. In this
        stage, public concerns with respect to the environmental impacts of the project were gathered
        (including concerns regarding impacts on both the natural and the socio-economic environments)
       The second stage presented the draft EIA report to stakeholders for their comment.


7.1       Public Consultation at the Scoping Stage


Stakeholder Consultations Stakeholder issues relevant to the EIA have been identified through a consultative
process.. Stakeholder consultations have therefore been integral to the design of the EIA, and the issues
identified through these consultations have been an important input into the identification of issues to be
addressed by the EIA. All stakeholder consultations have been undertaken in Azeri. Where non-Azeri
consultants have participated in consultations, their comments have been translated into Azeri in order to
allow all discussions to be undertaken in Azeri.


Not all stakeholders have been involved in the consultations associated with project preparation.
Accordingly, stakeholder consultations have been undertaken during the scoping phase associated with the
preparation of this document for the specific purpose of identifying and clarifying issues, and particularly
issues concerning those:

       Who live near sites that are proposed for new WSS facilities

       Who have specialist technical or scientific knowledge relevant to the proposed WSS system

       Whose work is relevant to the proposed WSS system


Technical Analysis While the issues identified by stakeholders are key to the overall presentation of issues
in this document, they are limited to the extent that the knowledge of stakeholders concerning the new WSS
system is limited. Thus, during the consultation process it has been clear that the ability of stakeholders to
identify issues has, to a degree, been limited by their knowledge of modern WSS systems. Technical
analysis has therefore been undertaken to determine whether there might be issues additional to those
WSS SHABRAN                                                                           JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                              91
identified by stakeholders that should be addressed by the EIA, even though they might not have been
identified by stakeholders, or may not have been prioritized by stakeholders.                 Technical analysis
complements the stakeholder consultations.
Table 1 identifies the stakeholders with whom consultations have been undertaken. As indicated in the
Table, stakeholders fall into two categories:

       Public stakeholders. These stakeholders are members of the public in general on whom the project
        may be anticipated to have an impact. At the broadest level, these stakeholders include all members of
        the public that will be served by the project, and who will benefit from it. However, some public
        stakeholders may be more greatly impacted by the project because they live in proximity to proposed
        project facilities. These stakeholders may be expected to identify a range of issues that is different to
        those that would be identified to other public stakeholders.

       Special interest stakeholders. These stakeholders have interests in the project because they have either
        specialist knowledge relevant to the project or because their work in some way is relevant to, or is
        impacted by, the project. These stakeholders may identify issues relevant to the EIA as a result of
        either their work or their knowledge.


In this project, stakeholders are those affected by the proposed WSS facilities, and those who have the ability
to influence, positively or negatively, the course and outcome of the project. The range of stakeholders
relevant to this document is reflected in Table 7.1. The list of all stakeholders that have been consulted is
provided in Annex IX


Table 7.1 identifies the consultation mechanisms selected to identify issues associated with the various
stakeholders, and also identifies the status of the consultations.


Technical meetings and interviews with staff from different local government units have been undertaken on
an on-going basis. During the meetings, discussions were held on technical and managerial levels and an
accurate picture about the current WSS system was developed, together with common understandings of
options and issues associated with potential future actions. A clear picture was made about the rating of
water management skills and the rate of satisfaction of the public about WSS services. The wishes and
concerns of the residents were also raised during the meetings. In most cases and after the meeting a field
visit was made to water intake facilities, pipelines locations, pumping stations, reservoirs and sewage
facilities and information was obtained about the problems of each site.




WSS SHABRAN                                                                             JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                               92
Consultation and planning workshops were undertaken during the preparation of this document.              As
identified in Table 7.1, these included consultation with municipal and village councils, and with government
agencies. A public consultation and planning workshop was held on 09 June 2010. These consultations and
workshop were organized by the project consultant, in collaboration with the Amelioration JSC, Executive
power and Municipality of Siyazan.




WSS SHABRAN                                                                         JULY 2010
EIA SCOPING STUDY                            93
Table 7.1
Stakeholders and Consultation Mechanism


           STAKEHOLDERS                   CONSULTATION                           STATUS OF CONSULTATION
                                            MECHANISM
                                                    Public Stakeholders
   Affected People                 Interviews with affected        Interviews have been conducted as part of EIA study
                                   people                          in communities where new water intake facilities,
                                                                   pipelines, pumping stations, reservoirs and treatment
                                                                   facilities will be located
   Wider Community                 Information to be supplied to Meetings have been conducted with the
                                   the media and the general       representatives of local radio and newspapers during
                                   public to be invited to submit which they received needed information, which was
                                   comments.                       later spread by them in their news canals, including
                                                                   newspapers and radios
   Community Leaders               Interviews of directly          Workshops held; interview conducted in
                                   affected communities;           communities where new reservoirs and treatment
                                   meetings with community         facilities will be located; meetings held with
                                   leaders                         community leaders
   Special Interest Stakeholders
   Non-Governmental                Round Table meeting             Round Table meeting and Scoping Workshop held
   Organisations                   Scoping Workshop
   Municipalities and Village      Technical meetings,             Consultation and planning workshops held
   Councils                        Consultation and Planning
                                   Workshops
   Media                           Media relations strategy        Representatives of media have been involved into
                                   required                        EIA process. They participated in discussions, public
                                                                   meeting and spread obtained materials through their
                                                                   publication in local newspaper and also via local
                                                                   radio
   Academics and Researchers       Round Table meeting,            Meeting and Scoping Workshop held
                                   Scoping Workshop
   Government                      Consultation and Planning       Consultation and Planning Workshops held; Round
   Ministries/Agencies             Workshops                       Table Meeting held
                                   Round Table Meeting
   Private sector                  Meetings with                   Meetings with representatives of relevant
                                   representatives of relevant     sectors/companies held
                                   sectors/companies
   International                   Consultation and                Consultation and Round Table Meeting held
   Organisations/Donors            Round Table meeting



A round table meeting was held on 09 June, 2010 and hosted by the Executive Power of Siyazan region.
Representatives of different agencies, Amelioration JSC, Azersu , MoE and NGOs attended and their
concerns were also reported. The meeting was solely dedicated for defining the scope of the EIA..


The following areas of Siyazan city and nearby communities (Eynibulaq, 900 persons) and Boyuk Hamya
adjacent to the proposed facilities have been identified to be affected by project. Representatives of the
population of these communities have been interviewed on 15 June 2010. The communities to be directly
affected by the project activities are listed in Table 7.2.

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Table 7.2.
Communities Adjacent to the Proposed Project Facilities
Community          Location                                         Population
Eynibulaq          Adjacent to the proposed reservoirs 900
                   and Water supply pipes
Siyazan city       Adjacent to a proposed water supply 21400
                   and sanitation system
Boyuk        Hamya Located close to proposed waste 2800
village            water treatment facilities



During the selection of the population sample for interview purposes, consideration was given to the
economic situation of the family, and to the distance to the facilities to be constructed. The objectives of the
surveys were to:


   Share information about the project and the proposed construction work.
   Identify important interests and concerns at the local level.
   Identify potentially affected individuals, groups and publics.
   Identify community concerns about the construction work.
   Understand the values about the environment held by individuals/groups that might be affected by the
    project.


Meetings with municipality members in these communities were also carried out, as possible, to understand
concerns and issues that they may have.


A Scoping Workshop was conducted on 09 June, 2010 and attended by 28 participants representing different
institutions. During that session the findings of previous consultations (by Gauff-Temelsu) were presented
and additional comments and suggestions were received.



PRINCIPAL ISSUES

The principal concerns raised during the consultation process were:
   Potential for odour, insects, dust and noise impacts from site activities;
   Compensation measures to be taken by the Authorities for temporary loss of land in productive use;
   Reduction in local property values;
   Impacts on ground and surface water;
   Limitations for expansion of villages in the future; and
   Aesthetic distortion (e.g. visual impacts).

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These issues were highlighted by most of the people interviewed. Other issues that were highlighted during
the consultations include:
   Training and public awareness;
   Financial sustainability;
   Detection and control of hazardous waste waters;
   Waste water collection, treatment, utilization or discharge to the sea;
   Health and safety;
   Social and economic impacts; and
   Compensation of directly affected communities through the project itself by incentives.


As indicated above, the project team has considered the issues that have been raised during the consultations
and has assessed the identified issues in the context of the overall scope of the proposed project. The purpose
of this assessment has been to determine whether there are additional issues that should be considered by the
EIA even though they may not have been specifically identified by stakeholders during the consultations. As
a result of this assessment, it has been concluded that in addition to the potential impacts identified through
the consultations, the EIA study should also address review of the potential positive and negative impacts
associated with the proposed project on:
       Land use;
       Cultural heritage;
       Traffic
       Public health;
       Local employment; and
       General issues associated with sitting of treatment plant


The stakeholders support the proposed WSS project. The issues raised by the stakeholders are reasonable
concerns that should be addressed by the EIA study, and the recommendations of the EIA study should be
integrated into the design of project implementation. However, as identified above, stakeholder knowledge
of potential positive and negative impacts associated with the project is incomplete and issues additional to
those identified by the stakeholders should be considered by the EIA.


Stakeholder Meeting in Siyazan Rayon
The public meeting in Siyazan took place on June 09 2010 and was chaired by Mr. Zafar Aliyev, Deputy
Head of the       the Siyazan district Executive authority, Head of Rayon Commission on WSS project
implementation


The agenda of the meeting included brief welcoming speech by the Head of the Commission Mr. Zafar
Aliyev and Representative of PCU Mr. Panah Abdullayev. They informed attendants about the aim and
                                                                                                  96 / 144
importance of realization of the project. In his opening speech Mr. Aliyev informed attendants that this
project shouldn’t have significant negative environmental impact but that it is directed at improvement of the
environment in the rayon. The proposed treatment facility is a bit closer to Boyuk Hamya residential area
and the good treatment facility will allow to avoid possible impacts to the health of population and entire
environment.




Figure 7.1. Presenting of WSS project during public consultation meeting in Siyazan


Then Rafig Verdiyev, representative of Eptisa and Prof. Farda Imanov, Representative of Hydrometeorology
Consulting Company, informed participants about the aim of the Environmental and Social Impact
Assessment process, and issues to be included into its scope during the project implementation. Participants
then requested to participate actively in discussions and identify their suggestions to be included into list of
issues of environmental and social concern and taken into consideration and included, as appropriate, in the
Environment Management Plans to minimize negative project impacts.


The first remark was expressed by Mr. Aliyev about scale of the water supply area. As he stated, initially the
villages surrounding Siyazan also were supposed to be included into the project but now they are not. These
are Eynibulaq (900 persons) and Sadan (750 persons) villages. Currently they have to collect rain water in
Sadan (which is located in some 300m higher than Siyazan) and use it for household needs and transport
drinking water by cars. Then it was expressed that Azersu has some plans for water supply of above villages
according to selection from among the following options:

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     To pump water form the reservoir in upper part of Siyazan to these villages.
     To connect Eynibulaq village to the Samur- Absheron canal coming from Takhtakorpy reservoir.
     To construct pipeline from Gilgilchay village to use waters of II Baku water pipe.
     To use spring water from Hajiisgendar village of Shabran region


The small spring in Sadan is not sufficient for use.


Akif Valiyev asked if houses will be connected to the new water supply and sewage system. In response to
this question it was expressed that pipes will reach each household yard and households themselves should
be connected to these pipes.


Other questions were about alternative water use from Samur- Absheron Canal (Takhtakorpu reservoir) or
use of spring water used before when water in Baku-II canal is limited. The response was that these sources
can be used for irrigation then water would be enough for drinking purposes.


Mr. Kabirov Rafig expressed his concern on the possibility that communication lines will be damaged during
installation of pipelines under ground. In response to this it was noted that all work carried out underground
will be according to the plan agreed with relevant ministries and agencies.




Figure 7.2. Discussions during public consultation meeting in Siyazan




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Other questions were about repairing asphalt roads and other places that are damaged by the construction
works. It was noted that all work will be carried as required by existing regulations. Any damage of social
and environmental character will be mitigated according to management plans and monitored by designated
groups.


Mr. Yagubov Mehman asked about installation and protection of water meters, as they can be damaged if
they are in the street. It was noted that proper place will be selected for water meters installation so that
inspectors are able to inspect them when necessary.


A second question was about collection of water in the basement of high storey buildings. It was noted the
installation of the sewage system and connection of residents to it will help to address this issue.


The list of participants at the public consultation meeting for Siyazan rayon WSS project, held on June 09
2010 is given in ANNEX X


7.2       Presentation of the Draft EIA Report


Information on public discussion of the draft EIA report for Siyazan and WSS projects was held on October
22 2010.. This meeting was advertised 15 day before this date and most of stakeholders have been contacted
by the local executive authorities regarding the participation of the event. Further information on the
meeting is provided in Annex XI.

The recommendations of the draft EIA were presented to the meeting. There were no negative responses to
the draft report, or its recommendations. However, participants did raise issues that were raised in the earlier
consultations in June 2010 and which have been addressed in the EIA report. This points to the need for a
proper monitoring of the mitigation measures set out in this document in order ensure that mitigation
measures are appropriately implemented.




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 8. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
From the above description of environment impacts the list of key aspects associated with the Project
activities is identified and described in Table 8-1 below.


Table 8-1 Environmental Aspects

Project Component     Environmental Aspects
Construction          Temporary removal of habitat for sewer pipeline construction
                      Renovation and construction of existing steel water delivery mains
                      Potential polluted run-off and spillage of untreated wastewater during
                      sewer renovation
                      Pedestrian, vehicle and community safety
                      Procurement and delivery of construction materials
                      Use, maintenance and repair of equipment and machinery
                      Air and noise pollution from preparation of construction Materials such as
                      bitumen, asphalt and concrete.
                      Extraction/purchase of sands and gravels for earthworks
                      Construction yard for equipment and machinery
                      Waste and hazardous materials management
                      Construction of new reservoirs for water supply
                      Service disruption (electricity, telecoms, water)
                      Disruption to irrigation and drainage infrastructure
                      Soil management issues during pipe laying
                      Construction of new WWTP works on a new site
Operation             Operation of the water and wastewater networks
                      Sludge disposal
                      Community safety
                      Induced development
                      Air and noise quality
                      Use of maintenance machinery and equipment
                      Storm water management
                      Wastewater discharge
Accidental      (Non- Spills and leaks
Routine) Events       Inappropriate waste or sludge disposal
                      Sewer flushing due to blockage



These aspects and proposed mitigation measures are discussed below.


GEOLOGY AND SOILS
Construction phase


Hazardous material
Spills of fuel, oil and other liquids have the potential to cause contamination of soil and groundwater. The
Contractor shall implement measures to contain such spills and avoid contamination as much as possible.
However, it is possible that some contamination may occur and the Contractor will be required to implement
remediation measures in accordance with project and national requirements.

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Soil erosion
The area is susceptible to surface erosion, especially after heavy rain, therefore efforts will be made to
reduce the potential for soil erosion during construction activities. Temporary berms will be constructed
where necessary to control any run-off to prevents rills or gulleys forming or soil wash out to surface water
features. Correct groundworks and compaction will be specified in the contract documentation to prevent soil
erosion.


Waste management
Inert, solid waste (metals, asphalt chunks, rocks, concrete, gravel, sand and etc.) will be generated during
drilling well and pipeline installation operations. The replacement and installation of water distribution pipes
in the town will include removal of asphalt surface and importation of suitable padding and backfill (eg sand)
as well as backfilling using suitable excavated material. Repair of paved roads and walkways and asphalt
surfaces will also be required.


Solid wastes generated in construction sites and during the construction of pipelines and sewer drains will be
transported by the construction contractor. Transportation and disposal of such waste will be agreed with the
local executive authority and regional department of MENR, as necessary.


The construction works will generate hazardous waste, such as used oils, solvents and other construction
waste, which will be required to be disposed of. However, there is no licensed hazardous waste disposal
facility in the region (and in fact this is a problem nationally) and therefore it will be necessary to arrange an
appropriate containment or disposal place in agreement with MENR and the regional officials. The EMP
allows for the cost of this item and it can be managed by the municipality, as per the agreement with
Amelioration JSC.


Parts of the existing water supply and sanitation network may have been constructed using asbestos
containing material (ACM), which will require careful handling during its removal. Measures compliant to
good health and safety practice will need to be employed, including appropriate PPE for workers, dampening
down of any material that may be abraded or otherwise generate potentially inhalable dust particles and
appropriate containment prior to its storage at an approved/agreed secure facility.


A construction yard needs to be created, for laydown of plant and material, maintenance of machinery and
prefabrication of infrastructure components. All construction sites will be managed as follows:


•    Boundaries of construction sites will be marked beforehand and signs will be erected warning
     people not to enter or dump garbage;

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  •    Metal wastes will be collected and taken to metal processing companies;
  •    Construction debris (sand, soil, rocks) will be re-used as an additional material for filling deep
       trenches when needed and where suitable. If not needed, they will be taken to city dumping-
       grounds, as agreed with local environmental/planning authorities;
  •    Removed asphalt debris will be taken to bitumen factories for recycling, egg at the asphalt
       plant
  •    Speed limits will be set for all trucks operating within the town; this will be important for
       those transporting waste.


Operational phase
  No adverse effects are anticipated as a result of normal operations, as the wastewater will be treated to EU
  standards prior to its discharge, which is a distinct improvement from the current situation, which sees no
  functioning wastewater treatment. Discussions are ongoing regarding the treatment of the final effluent, as
  under the Soviet system, chlorination of effluent (for disinfection) was the norm. However, disinfection is
  not the norm in Europe and in fact the addition of chlorine is a biological hazard to the aquatic ecosystems to
  which the effluent will be discharged. It would be preferable to use ultraviolet (UV) radiation or rely on
  natural exposure to UV to reduce bacteria loadings in the final effluent. The recommendation to use UV has
  been made strongly in this EIA and also in discussions with Amelioration JSC, who are very supportive of
  this approach and the intention is to implement this.


  AIR QUALITY
  Construction phase
  It will be the responsibility of the construction management to schedule construction activities and to apply
  best practices for dust control, to minimize occurrences of excessive dust concentrations in sensitive
  neighbouring areas and at the worksite. It will be the responsibility of the construction management to apply
  best practices for reducing fuel consumption and exhaust emissions, wherever feasible. Aspects such as a
  reduction of idle driving, selection of new equipment where possible and maintenance of all machinery and
  engines should be encouraged.
  Operational phase
  Adverse air quality effects are not predicted during operation, due to the nature of the project. All machinery
  will either be new and/or will be maintained according to the manufacturer’s service programme.
  Furthermore, significant noxious odours are only typically generated from a WWTP in the vicinity of
  pumping operations, where an aerosol effect is produced or when sewage has gone septic due to operational
  problems. All the main potential locations where noxious odour could be generated will be housed and
  ventilated. In addition, there are no sensitive receptors nearby to the operating facility, which is located at the
  edge of town well away from residential areas.



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NOISE
Construction phase
The nature and extent of the works, particularly those involving replacement of the water distribution system
will result in noise and disturbance to local residents. Amelioration JSC will ensure that the contractor
minimizes disruption and noise, by inter alia, liaising with residents. It must also be noted that the residents
are supportive of the project, as it will result in provision of a reliable, constant water supply and will
therefore generally be tolerant of disruption to some extent.
According to the Azerbaijan standards allowable noise level should be 65 dBA in daytime; and 45 dBA at
night-time, which is close to the international standards.
Mitigation
There are three ways to reduce noise emissions: mitigation at the source, mitigation along the path and
mitigation at the receptor. The following examples of construction noise mitigation methods could be
considered during planning of the works and are expected to be a source of guidance to the contractors. In
many cases, the magnitude of the dB reduction can first be ascertained when construction work has begun
and measurements can be made.
Source controls
In general, source controls are the most effective method of mitigating noise. The impact of a noise
source is reduced before it emits offensive noise levels.
Operational phase
Negligible operational noise is anticipated, as the pumping stations will be housed within buildings and the
new WWTP is situated far away from residential housing in a fenced compound and is designed to emit
limited noise.


ECOLOGY AND PROTECTED AREAS
Construction phase
The main potential effects on ecology are associated with water intake; the associated access road upgrade;
construction of the new pipeline route water supply to the town; construction of the new reservoirs
themselves; and construction of the interceptor and new WWTP


The offtake and reservoir construction work will have to be carefully designed during the detailed design
phase to avoid damage to the riparian habitat.


The widening of the access road may affect habitats associated, however nothing particularly rare or unusual
is anticipated due to the disturbed nature of the general location, which was until recent years well populated
and farmed by some crops.
The work will need to be undertaken carefully, with good planning (in the detailed design stage) to conserve
topsoil; reduce encroachment and damage to features such as tree roots; avoid water pollution; avoid erosion

                                                                                                  103 / 144
and soil or material run-off; and ensure good reinstatement. Full adherence to good site practice should be
ensured, as well as storage and handling of fuels and oils to avoid contamination.
Protected areas


There are no protected areas potentially affected by the project, although to the south- west of Siyazan rayon
Altiagac State reserve exists (see Figure 8.1).




   Figure 8.1. Protected area map
Operational phase
The receiving watercourses and ground waters currently adversely affected by polluting untreated
wastewaters will be expected to improve considerably and can be expected to see improvements as nutrient
and bacteria levels significantly reduce.


SURFACE AND GROUND WATER
Construction phase
Many of the risks to surface and groundwater are similar to those already covered under the soils section
above and are therefore not repeated here. Due to the nature of the works there is the potential for spillage of
wastewater to ground or watercourse, which is generally poorly treated or untreated and could also lead to
the spread of disease to workers or local residents.
                                                                                                  104 / 144
In addition, the wastewater from existing pipelines and sumps will require to be purged. Likely options are to
either empty the wastewater into temporary excavated pits and then remove the material by suction into
septic tanks on sewer trucks or continue to use soakaways until connections to the sewer area made.


Mitigation
Fuel and oil storage
Fuel and oil storage tanks will not be located within 50m of any watercourse, well or dry river bed. Certain
plant and equipment may be required to be maintained in a position closer than 50m from the water course
(and are not able to be relocated just for refueling) and therefore special measures will be implemented to
avoid spillage of fuels and oils, such as deployment of spill-retaining materials, mobile drip trays and the like
ad specific training given to operators in this regard.
Areas for road tanker parking and delivery shall be hard surfaced (concrete) and drained to an interceptor.
Discharge of rainwater and waste from these areas will be via a treatment system designed to meet the water
discharge standards.
At each site where diesel is delivered and stored, spillage equipment shall be installed to contain any spillage
during loading. Specific drainage requirements, which include oil interceptors, will be put in place at
facilities where diesel is stored and used.


All fuel storage areas will be securely fenced and locked to prevent un authorized access. Only Refueling
Operators will be allowed to dispense fuel as set out below. All fuel storage areas will be equipped with an
adequate supply of spill containment materials.
Exceptions to the above are to be made for smaller fuel equipment. Generators will be self-bunded and will
have an integral fuel tank. Refueling will be undertaken as per the procedures below.
Refueling will be carried out by the nominated Refueling Operators who will be specifically trained in the
relevant procedures. Upon arriving at the refueling areas, the Refueling Operators will dispense the required
fuel.
Drip Trays
The use of integral drip trays for generators, tanks and other fixed plant will be will be encouraged
throughout the project.
Individual drip trays will be necessary for temporary secondary containment of materials.
Storage and Use of Chemicals
All chemicals will be stored in designated, locked storage areas, taking care to ensure segregation of
potentially reactive substance (e.g. flammables should not be stored with toxic substances). These areas will
have an enclosed drainage system/bund to avoid contamination. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) will be
provided for all substances and used in project health and safety assessments.
Efforts will be made to avoid and minimize the use of hazardous chemicals during construction where
possible.

                                                                                                   105 / 144
Operational phase
The average flow rate in Baku 1 and Baku 2 canals is 4000l/s. With water intake to be 64.6 l/s, no adverse
impact is envisaged on the operation of the canals, other users and the original water source (Shollar
springs).
An improved situation in the receiving watercourses and adjacent wetlands currently adversely affected by
polluting untreated wastewaters is expected.


Groundwater impacts
The water resources in the project area include groundwater, which can be expected to benefit from the
reduction in discharge of untreated wastewater.


SOCIAL – CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT
Construction phase
The main effects on the local community during construction are associated with the considerable disruption
that the works will have within the town through excavation of defunct infrastructure and installation of new
water mains and sewer pipes in the roads and connection of water supply pipes and water meters to
individual properties. The proximity of the works to residents also raises the issue of health and safety, as
well as traffic disruption and interference with access to houses, work places and public buildings such as
hospitals and schools.


There may be land acquisition issues associated with construction of the service reservoirs and the
connecting pipelines, as the infrastructure may cross parcels of privately owned land. Potential land issues
may arise due to permanent restrictions on land use above any buried pipeline or due to temporary
occupation of land during construction. These aspects will all be considered during the detailed design and
the contractor will be made fully aware of the RPF and RAP policies. The RAP will be developed by
Amelioration JSC once the details of the resettlement aspects are known.


Mitigation
Safety at the work site, both for workers and residents has been discussed at length with Amelioration JSC,
who will ensure that contractors develop and implement safe working practices. The construction contractor
will train its personnel on safety, environment and quality control, as well as implementation of all the safety
rules. Works will be guided by existing laws, sanitary rules and Amelioration JSC work manuals.


The following measures will be taken to protect the health of personnel working in polluted areas:
•   Health and safety training will be conducted as part of project induction for all workers;
•   All personnel will be supplied with special coveralls and the minimum PPE;



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•   Personnel working in excavation of polluted soils and collection, loading, transportation and
    disposal of sewage waters will be supplied with protective safety glasses, gloves, long rubber
    boots and dust masks;
•   Mobile shower cabins will be set up for personnel;
•   Personnel will pass regular medical check-ups.
•   Use of asbestos and other dangerous substances is not planned.


As referenced earlier, impacts on people and their economic activity, public transport and agricultural
activities during construction phase are possible. Construction sites will be divided into sections, works will
be planned according to a schedule prepared beforehand and people and organizations will be notified ahead
of time. Borders of construction sites will be marked, safety boards will be placed, signs regulating
movement of pedestrians and traffic will be erected.


Furthermore, discussions have been held with Amelioration JSC regarding the need to keep residents
informed of planned activities, but also to be receptive to their requirements. Thus contractors will be
required to develop a traffic management plan in consultation with Amelioration JSC and the municipality
and to discuss this at a public meeting prior to start of the works. This should ensure that disruption of
residents is minimized and works are co-ordinated to limit impeded access.


Work with asbestos
The International Labor Organization (ILO) established an Asbestos Convention (C162) in 1986 to promote
national laws and regulations for the “prevention and control of, and protection of workers against, health
hazards due to occupational exposure to asbestos. The convention outlines aspects of best practice: Scope
and Definitions, General Principles, Protective and Preventive Measures, Surveillance of the Working
Environment, and Workers’ Health. Some of the ILO asbestos convention requirements:


   Work clothing to be provided by employers;
   Double changing rooms and wash facilities to prevent dust from going home on street clothes;
   Training of workers about the health hazards to themselves and their families;
   Periodic medical examinations of workers,
   Periodic air monitoring of the work environment, with records retained for 30 years;
   Development of a work plan prior to demolition work, to protect workers and provide for proper waste
    disposal; and
   Protection from “retaliatory and disciplinary measures” of workers who remove themselves from work
    that they are justified in believing presents a serious danger to health.




                                                                                                 107 / 144
   8.1 Implementation of Mitigation Measures
This section of the report further elaborates on the mitigation measures to address the potential negative
environmental impacts. The impacts, proposed measures and institutional responsibilities are summarized
and tabulated in the environmental management plan (EMP) in Table8.2. It outlines the management
mechanisms (i.e. working arrangements) for how the environmental and social elements of the project will
be managed from detailed design and construction through operation.
The EMP contains environmental requirements which are required for the successful implementation of
mitigation measures, environmental monitoring, emergency measures and environmental auditing to be
carried out during the construction works on the site. The implementation of mitigation measures and
emergency measures shall be the responsibility of the Contractor. The Contractor will ensure compliance
with all environmental legislation, regulations and conventions. The responsibility for environmental
monitoring lies with the Amelioration JSC and the World Bank.




                                                                                             108 / 144
   Table 8.4 Potential Main Environmental Impacts and Mitigation Measures

             Environ                                                                 Estimated Cost Of      Responci       Monitoring
              ment                                                                   Impact Mitigation       bility
                Or                                                                       Measures
    Stage              Potential Impacts        Impact Mitigation Measures
              Social
             Compo
               nent
                       Dust, gases/aerosol    Dust prevention by watering and        Provision of water:
                       associated with        other means;                           $10,000                Contractor     Supervisor/
                       construction (toxic    Transportation of grainy or dusty                                            Amelioration
                       gasses discharged      materials in the top-coated trucks;    No cost for other                     JSC
                       by construction        Watering of dust sources;              measures provided
                       machineries, wind      Transportation of dust producing       they are integrated
                       blown construction     materials during calm days (not in     into normal
                       materials etc.)        the windy days);                       operating
                                              Avoid making open fires;               procedures
             Air
                                              Avoid setting fire on residue
             quality
                                              grease, isolation materials, and
                                              other substances;
                                              Efficient use of machinery and
                                              other technologies;
                                              Application of adequate
                                              construction methodologies and
                                              facilities;
                                              Careful implementation of works
                                              in vulnerable areas.
                       Waste pollution,       Protection of the surroundings of      Provision of
                       especially wastes      the construction site;                 materials and cover    Contractor     Supervisor/
                       caused by              Limited works in the vulnerable        to prevent landslide                  Amelioration
                       construction and       zones;                                 risks: $10,000                        JSC
                       domestic activities;   Identify adequate areas to store
                       Material storage,      residue materials, and                 Traffic
                       civil works and        transportation of all construction     management
                       other impacts;         related effluent materials into the    signage: $5,000
    Constr             Landfill of wastes     predetermined site;
uction                 and other              Control of erosion process;            No cost for other
                       materials;             Provide earth stabilization/green      measures provided
                       Impacts of             cover over vertical points and         they are integrated
             Earth
                       excavation works;      slopes to minimize land slide          into normal
                       Possibility of         risks;                                 operating
                       erosion;               Prevent discharge of excavated         procedures
                       Wastewater.            material to the river beds or lakes;
                                              Avoid unwanted traffic blockage,
                                              collect excavated spoil material
                                              and discharge somewhere close to
                                              the construction site;
                                              Discharge wastewater flows to
                                              the closest sewage line,
                                              installation of toilets and septic
                                              tanks.
                       Damage to the          Adequate design works and              Proper storage of
                       topsoil resulting      selection of proper route to           toxic                  Contractor     Supervisor/
                       from material          minimize impact on the topsoil;        materials/effluents:                  Amelioration
                       storage, excavation    Usage of excavated soil material       $12,500                               JSC
                       works, temporary       for the agriculture purposes;
                       roads etc.             Cut, store and restore topsoil         Measures against
             Topsoil   Loss of topsoil        where possible after the               landslides
                       during excavation;     completion of the construction         addressed above
                       Flushing of topsoil    works;
                       and soil erosion       Discharge of materials to the          No cost for other
                       due to polluted        predetermined areas by secondary       measures provided
                       water streams;         routs;                                 they are integrated
                                              Measures against land slides           into normal

                                                                                                                         109 / 144
         Environ                                                               Estimated Cost Of     Responci       Monitoring
          ment                                                                 Impact Mitigation      bility
            Or                                                                     Measures
 Stage             Potential Impacts        Impact Mitigation Measures
          Social
         Compo
           nent
                                          Storage of toxic materials and       operating
                                          effluents in the safe and            procedures.
                                          predetermined areas, its provision
                                          with drainage waters, and
                                          processing where necessary;
                                          Standards applied, including soil
                                          erosion prevention by good soil
                                          practice and drainage control.
                                          Good soil conservation measures
                                          and effective reins to prevent
                                          future erosion and soil loss.
                   Pollution of                                                No cost for
                   surface and            Avoid discharge of harmful           identified measures   Contractor     Supervisor/
                   groundwater            chemical substances into sewage      provided they are                    Amelioration
                   sources due to         lines or ground surface;             integrated into                      JSC
                   domestic and           Design and operation of natural      normal operating
                   construction           drainage and consideration for       procedures
                   effluents, including   alternative directions;
                   harmful residues,      Discharge wastewater flows to
                   leakage of fuel and    the closest sewage line,
                   other oil related      installation of toilets and septic
                   products;              tanks.
                   Blockage of            Required standards applied,
                   surface and            including safe removal of
         Water     groundwater            wastewater during renovation
         resourc   filtration and         works, use of appropriate
         es and    creation of            equipment by workers and
         waste     stagnant water         ongoing liaison with residents and
         waters    accumulations.         fencing off contaminated areas.
                   Connected with
                   project connected      Balanced use of water sources to
                   with project           avoid significant pressure on
                   problems of water      them in low flow period and also
                   scarcity in low        eliminate water shortage
                   flow periods of the    problems for all users.
                   year and also those
                   connected with the
                   increase of water
                   supply problem for
                   other users which
                   use the same
                   sources
                   Disturbance due to     Use of adequate construction         No cost for
                   noise generated        materials and equipment;             identified measures   Contractor     Supervisor/
                   from construction      Adherence to predetermined work      provided they are                    Amelioration
                   works and              schedule to minimize disturbance     integrated into                      JSC
                   intensive traffic      and implementation of noise          normal operating
                                          generating works during normal       procedures
         Noise                            work hours;
                                          Minimum use of noise generating
                                          equipment (example, stone
Constr                                    cutters, compressors);
uction                                    Minimize traffic during dark
                                          hours, and use of silencers.

                   Disturbance of the     Adequate storage, processing or      No cost for
                   natural habitat due    liquidation of wastes;               identified measures   Contractor     Supervisor/
                   to construction        Application of relevant              provided they are                    Amelioration
         Natural
                   related noise, dust,   construction and seasonal work       integrated into                      JSC
         habitat
                   non-seasonal           methodologies;                       normal operating
                   works,                 Protection of vulnerable areas       procedures
                   unprocessed            located close to the construction

                                                                                                                  110 / 144
         Environ                                                                 Estimated Cost Of     Responci       Monitoring
          ment                                                                   Impact Mitigation      bility
            Or                                                                       Measures
 Stage               Potential Impacts        Impact Mitigation Measures
          Social
         Compo
           nent
                     residues and etc.      site.
                     Loss of natural
                     settlement areas
                     due to construction
                     works.
                     Earthworks,            Adequate storage, processing or      Storage,
                     operation of           liquidation of wastes;               processing,           Contractor     Supervisor/
                     machines, noise        Protection of vulnerable areas       liquidation of                       Amelioration
                     and etc.;              located close to the construction    wastes addressed                     JSC
                     Losses or              site;                                above
                     degradations           Application of seasonal work
         Flora
                     during and after       methodologies where necessary.       No cost for other
         and
                     construction                                                measures provided
         fauna
                     works, non-                                                 they are integrated
                     seasonal works,                                             into normal
                     change of                                                   operating
                     ecological situation                                        procedures.
                     etc.

                     Impact of works on     Careful design and location of       Restoration/plantin
                     landscape and          works;                               g of greenery:        Contractor     Supervisor/
                     disturbance to         Restoration of damaged trees,        $50,000                              Amelioration
                     natural sights,        protection lines and etc.;                                                JSC
         Aestheti
                     greenness and          Planting of greenery in the          No cost for
         cs and
                     trees;                 construction site, careful           remaining measures
         landsca
                     Noise, dust,           implementation of works in the       provided they are
         pe
                     residue and etc.       work sites, and management of        integrated into
                     during and after       wastes.                              normal operating
                     construction.                                               procedures.

                     Damage to              Liaise effectively with relevant
                     agricultural lands,    organizations and residents before   No cost for           Contractor     Supervisor/
                     including drainage     start of construction, maintain      identified measures                  Amelioration
         Agricul
                     and irrigation         dialogue, develop a grievance        provided they are                    JSC
         ture
                     infrastructure.        procedure, strictly control          integrated into
                                            machinery and vehicle access and     normal operating
                                            reinstate all affected areas         procedures.
                     Livestock              Liaise effectively with farmers
                     resources damaged      and residents before start of        No cost for           Contractor     Supervisor/
                     by machinery and       construction, maintain dialogue,     identified measures                  Amelioration
Constr   Livesto
                     vehicles.              develop a grievance procedure,       provided they are                    JSC
uction   ck
                                            strictly control machinery and       integrated into
                                            vehicle access and reinstate all     normal operating
                                            affected areas                       procedures.
                     Health risks from      Planning of measures dealing         Trainings: $25,000
                     unprocessed            with security and environmental                            Contractor     Supervisor/
                     wastes;                protection issues;                   No cost for                          Amelioration
                     Use of harmful         Adherence to project standards,      identified measures                  JSC
                     substances (paints     good signage, ongoing                provided they are
                     with heavy metal,      consultation with residents,         integrated into
         Health      lead                   including schools. All workers to    normal operating
         and         compositions),         use appropriate PPE and be           procedures.
         safety of   asbestos- cement       trained at project induction.
         resident    slabs, inflammable     Safety fencing provided.
         s and       and toxic materials    Organization and implementation      Construction of
         workers     etc.).                 of security and safety related       warehouse for
                                            trainings;WB requirements will       temporal storage of
                                            be followed when replacing           hazardous wastes:
                                            the asbestos-cement pipes.           $50,000

                                            Management of materials in
                                            accordance with the relevant
                                                                                                                    111 / 144
         Environ                                                               Estimated Cost Of       Responci       Monitoring
          ment                                                                 Impact Mitigation        bility
            Or                                                                     Measures
Stage               Potential Impacts      Impact Mitigation Measures
          Social
         Compo
           nent
                                         ecological and sanitary-hygiene
                                         norms;
                                         Identification of dangerous sites,
                                         proper storage/liquidation of
                                         waste materials.




                    Damage to areas of   There are no areas of                 No cost for
                    historical and       historic/cultural value to be         identified measures     Contractor     Supervisor/
         Areas
                    cultural value       affected by project. But if it        provided they are                      Amelioration
         of
                    located in the       appears relevant measures need to     integrated into                        JSC
         historic
                    project area         be taken                              normal operating
         al and
                                         Staff awareness;                      procedures
         cultural
                                         Inform adequate organizations in
         value
                                         case of archeological findings;
                                         Temporary termination of works.

                    Loss of property,    There no need for resettlement.       Costs for
                    land and damage to   For areas where lands used for        resettlement (if        Contractor     Supervisor/
                    living areas of      agricultural crop production          any) to be                             Amelioration
         Resettle
                    population           relevant plans need to be             negotiated by                          JSC
         ment
                                         prepared, which includes              project owner in
         Land
                                         provision of replacement lands or     accordance with
         aquisati
                                         compensation for lost access to       relevant legislation,
         on]
                                         plots of arable land and lost fruit   contractual
                                         or nut trees.                         agreement or other
                                                                               documents.
                    Quality of treated   Operation supervision of              No cost for
                    water                treatment facilities in due           identified measures     Contractor     Supervisor/
                                         accordance with the operation         provided they are                      Amelioration
                                         guidelines;                           integrated into                        JSC
                                         Quality control of water flows        normal operating
                                         entering the system;                  procedures
         Risks to                        Avoid pollution of treated waters
         human                           with the wastewater flows;
         health                          Avoid over-chlorination of water
         and                             flows supplied to the consumers.
Opera    environ    Breakages and        There is need to develop              Training cost
tions    ment       emergency            scheduled preventative                identified below        Contractor     Supervisor/
(potab              situations           maintenance                           No cost for                            Amelioration
le                                       Training of staff on safety and       remaining measures                     JSC
water                                    human security issues;                provided they are
syste                                    Measures to avoid leakage of          integrated into
ms)                                      chlorine gas.                         normal operating
                                                                               procedures
                    Reduction of         Prevent illegal connections to the    No cost for
                    treated water        system;                               remaining measures      Contractor     Supervisor/
                    quantities           Proper operation of the system        provided they are                      Amelioration
         Social-                         including water treatment,            integrated into                        JSC
         econom                          pipelines, connection lines and       normal operating
         ical                            etc.                                  procedure
                                         Ensure an affordable tariff
                                         structure and proper collection of
                                         fees.
                    Quality of           Constant monitoring of                Monitoring of
                    wastewater and its   wastewater flows coming out of        downstream              Contractor     Supervisor/
Opera    Risks to   impacts on human     the wastewater treatment plant;       environmental                          Amelioration
tions    human      health and           Discharge of wastewater into the      quality: $12,500                       JSC
(sewa    health     environment          environment only after adequate       one time every 2
                                                                                                                    112 / 144
          Environ                                                                Estimated Cost Of     Responci       Monitoring
            ment                                                                 Impact Mitigation      bility
             Or                                                                      Measures
Stage                Potential Impacts       Impact Mitigation Measures
           Social
           Compo
            nent
ge and    and                              treatment;                            years for 20 years
waste     environ                          Training of operation staff for
water)    mental                           their qualification raising;          No cost for
          impacts                          Monitoring of downstream              remaining measures
                                           habitats to evaluate the extent to    provided they are
                                           which they return to their            integrated into
                                           previously unpolluted state.          normal operating
                                                                                 procedures
                    Quality of             Adequate processing of sludge;        Monitoring of
                    sediments in the       Monitoring of nematodes,              sludge quality:       Contractor     Supervisor/
                    treatment              coliforms and heavy metals in the     $10,000/year                         Amelioration
                    structures (sludge),   composition of output sludge;         Transportation of                    JSC
                    risks due to           Transportation of sludge in the       sludge
                    agricultural           closed containers;                    $10,000/year
                    consumption of         Training of operation staff for
                    these wastes.          their qualification raising.          Training cost
                                           Training In application of sludge,    identified below
                                           and monitoring of sludge
                                           application
                    Smell generations      Planning and management of            Odour masking
                    in the wastewater      smell mitigation;                     agents: $US           Contractor     Supervisor/
                    treatment structure;   Tight shutting of smell producing     5,000/year                           Amelioration
                                           equipment and containers.                                                  JSC
                                                                                 No cost for
                                                                                 remaining measures
                                                                                 provided they are
                                                                                 integrated into
                                                                                 normal operating
                                                                                 procedures
                    Risks to human         Use of authorized sites for non-      Training: $25,000
          Safe      health                 hazardous waste disposal; support     in first year;        Contractor     Supervisor/
          storage                          and arrangements for setting          $5,000/year in each                  Amelioration
          of                               facilities for hazardous waste safe   following year                       JSC
          hazardo                          storage
          us and                                                                 No cost for
          non-                                                                   identified measures
          hazardo                                                                provided they are
Operat
          us                                                                     integrated into
ions
          wastes                                                                 normal operating
(potabl
                                                                                 procedures
e
                    Risks to health of     Training of staff on safety and
water,
                    residents and          human security issues;                                   Contractor Supervisor/
sewag
                    workers and to the     Training of staff on sanitary and                                     Amelioration
e and
                    environment            hygiene rules to prevent                                              JSC
waste
                                           infections from wastewater
water)
                                           discharges and sludge residues;
          Human
                                           Provide staff with adequate
          health
                                           protection uniforms and facilities;
                                           Measures to prevent emergency
                                           situations such as leakage of
                                           chlorine gas.
                                           Monitoring of drinking water and
                                           wastewater quality
Note: All mitigation measures identified in this Table should be specified in all bidding documents (Bill of Quantities)
and contracts for construction and operation of the project, and should also be including in all manuals or operating
procedures that are developed.
Based on above assessment in total around 200000 USD need to be allocated to implement main mitigation measures




                                                                                                                    113 / 144
The Contractor will be contractually required to conform to the requirements specified in the EIA and EMP
and will be accountable to Amelioration JSC, as the client, through its Project Implementation Unit (PIU). It
is recommended (as agreed with Amelioration JSC) that the project environmental and social safeguard
objectives will be achieved if the construction supervision consultant has an environmental expertise and
carries out environmental supervision as part of the overall project supervision.. The precise details have not
yet been determined, but the consultant will advise and support the PIU in implementation of the EIA
standards during construction and into operation. Furthermore, local Bank staff will work with the consultant
and the PIU during development of the environmental plans.


There are several mechanisms of ensuring delivery during construction of both general and site specific
mitigation developed in EIAs. One mechanism favored for the project involves requiring the Contractor to
further develop the outline requirements in an EMP by designing individual Management Plans, such as oil
and fuel storage, waste management, traffic management and pollution prevention.


This approach for each individual scheme will benefit from oversight by the PIU to form a set of
environmental requirements applicable to the project as a whole, which will ensure compliance of the work
to both national and Bank standards. Such measures will be mandated in the bidding and contract documents,
so that an overall good standard of work is achieved. This approach also has benefits of institutional capacity
training, as the knowledge and capability of Amelioration JSC will be extended to effective environmental
management and as each scheme comes on stream the PIU will benefit from knowledge gained on previous
schemes. Main elements of the Specific Management Plans are given in able 8.3
            Table 8.3    List of Specific Management Plans

 Specific               Outline of Content
 Management
 Plan
 Waste                  Measures to reduce, handle, separate, store and dispose waste from
 Management             operations and work sites. Requirements for monitoring, recording,
                        inspection and reporting. Instructions for the storage and handling
                        of various types of hazardous materials.
 Waste     Water Measures to control, collect, treat or reuse wastewater from various
 Management      sources to avoid pollution.
 Air        Quality Measures to reduce and control air emission from various sources.
 Control            Requirements for monitoring, recording, inspection and reporting.

 Dust Control           Measures to reduce and control dust emissions from roads, work
                        sites and construction activities. Requirements for monitoring,
                        recording, inspection and reporting.
 Noise         and Measures to reduce and control noise and vibrations generated by
 Vibration Control plant at all work sites and from transport activities. Requirements
                   for monitoring, recording, inspection and reporting.


                                                                                                 114 / 144
 Specific               Outline of Content
 Management
 Plan
 Traffic                Procedures for minimising disruption to traffic and access,
 Management             especially for public buildings such as hospitals and schools.
 Emergency              Procedures for response to a range of incidents and emergencies.
 Response               Requirements for monitoring, recording, inspection and reporting.
 Archaeology and Measures to reduce adverse impacts on cultural heritage during
 Cultural Heritage construction. If any late finds are made measures must be taken to
                   ensure ‘conservation’ in accordance with legislation.
 Oil     and       fuel Specification for storage of all oils and fuels (secondary
 storage           and containment etc) and procedures for refuelling vehicles, plant and
 refuelling             equipment so as to ensure environmental protection.
 Site Inspection        Procedures for site inspection and reporting including notification
                        of non-compliance
 Handling           of Procedures for handling of complaints including response to
 Complaints        and complainer and reporting.
 Grievances
 Environmental          -                          Project                  Induction
 Training               - Toolbox talks
                        Training requirements and procedures including target groups,
                        contents of training sessions and verification.
 Storage and use of Registration, logging of material safety data sheets and risk
 hazardous          assessment of materials and chemicals being used in the project.
 products        & Documentation requirements.
 substances
 Reinstatement          Plan for topsoil management and removal of all equipment and
 Plan                   materials from temporary work sites and reinstatement of areas to a
                        standard at least as good as the pre-construction condition.

8.2. Monitoring
Conducting monitoring is the major strategic tool in environmental management and the extent of project
monitoring will be dependent on the nature, scale and potential impact of the project activities. Monitoring
may require the services of environmental specialists or a company with laboratory and analytical facilities
(for complex environmental problems) or inspection by the local government environmental officers.


Main elements of the environmental monitoring plan are the following:
In construction phase:
       Dust monitoring;
       Noise monitoring;
       Solid wastes monitoring;
       Waste waters monitoring;
       Soil monitoring.


                                                                                               115 / 144
In utilization phase:
       Monitoring of water volume in water sources and water storages;
       Monitoring of microbiological and chemical composition of water distributed to people, comparison
        to water standards;
       Monitoring of pollution level of sewage;
       Monitoring of waste waters after purification;
       Monitoring of depositions settled in water cleaning plants;
       Monitoring of cleaned sewage in the place where it joins to sewage collector;
       Monitoring of soil where depositions generated in water cleaning plants will be used as fertilizers.


Monitoring of all activities during the construction period will be under the responsibility of the Contractor,
whose environmental performance will be controlled by the Amelioration JSC (PIU and Environmental
Specialist) and supervision consultant appointed by PIU. The Contractor will prepare Specific Management
Plans (see Table 8.3 above)_ addressing all aspects of the EMP, and will establish a team for the monitoring
activities(Table 8.3).


The Contractor will be responsible for the compliance of the constructions with the national norms and
standards. Monitoring of construction activities will have to ensure that mitigation measures of construction
impacts are being implemented properly. The Contractor’s Environmental Team will be subject to the
government inspections(MENR, MoH) from time to time. The PIU may involve an individual auditing
company to conduct additional environmental monitoring of the Contractor’s performance. The construction
supervision consultant should have an environmental expert who will provide environmental monitoring of
construction work and report to PIU. Based on the inputs from supervision consultant and auditing company
the PIU should handle raised environmental issues and regularly report to the World Bank as part of overall
project progress reporting


The Environmental Monitoring Plan (see Table 8.4 below) has been prepared based on the initial monitoring
plan developed as part of the Feasibility Study.




                                                                                                 116 / 144
    Table 8.4. Environmental Monitoring Plan

Item             Element                Location             Type of monitoring                  Frequency of monitoring     Purpose of monitoring          Cost
                                                                                                 During periodic site                                       2500 USD
                                                                                                 visits to be carried on     To ensure adherence to
                                                             Visual monitoring                   daily basis by contractor   environmental protection
                                        In the
                 Dust                                                                            and by monitor              requirements
                                        construction sites
                                                                                                 appointed in the contract
                                                                                                                             Relevance to standards and     2500 USD
                                                             Project site and surrounding area   Each month
                                                                                                                             rules
                                                             Visual monitoring                                                                              2500 USD
                 Wastewater flows                                                                                            To ensure adherence to
                                        In the                                                   During monthly site
                 generated in the                                                                                            environmental protection
                                        construction sites                                       visits
                 construction sites                                                                                          requirements
                                                                                                                                                            2500 USD

                                                                                                                             To ensure adherence to
                 Collection of solid    In the                                                   During periodic site
                                                             Visual monitoring                                               environmental protection
                 wastes                 construction sites                                       visits
                                                                                                                             requirements
Construction
repair works
                                                                                                                             To ensure adherence to         2500 USD
                 Utilization of solid                                                            During periodic site
                                        Abandoned areas      Visual monitoring                                               environmental protection
                 wastes                                                                          visits
                                                                                                                             requirements
                 Use of dangerous                                                                                                                           2500 USD
                 materials h (paints
                 with heavy metals,
                                        In the
                 lead compositions,                                                                                          To ensure adherence to
                                        construction sites   Visual monitoring and study of
                 asbestos-cement                                                                 Each month                  environmental protection
                                        with right           documentation
                 slabs, pipes,                                                                                               requirements
                                        documentation
                 inflammable and
                 toxic substances
                 etc.)
                                        In the                                                                                                              2500 USD
                 Protective measures                                                                                         To ensure adherence to
                                        construction sites
                 in the construction                         Visual monitoring                   Each month                  environmental protection and
                                        with right
                 site                                                                                                        safety requirements
                                        documentation




                                                                                                                                                                117 / 144
                                                                                                                            To ensure adherence to       2500 USD
                                    In the
            Protection of nature                         Visual monitoring                         Each month               environmental protection
                                    construction sites
                                                                                                                            requirements
            Earth restoration                                                                                               To ensure adherence to       2500 USD
                                    In the                                                         At completion of
            after excavation                             Visual monitoring                                                  environmental protection
                                    construction sites                                             construction works
            works                                                                                                           requirements
                                                                                                                                                         2500 USD
            Noise & vibrations                                                                                              To ensure adherence to
                                    Project area/close                                             During periodic site
            resulting from                               Portative noise metering device                                    environmental protection
                                    to settlements                                                 visits,on daily basis
            equipment work                                                                                                  requirements

            Traffic operation                                                                                                                            2500 USD
            /movement
                                                         visual monitoring of machinery and                                 To ensure adherence to
                                    In the                                                         During periodic site
                                                         b) trucks carrying construction                                    environmental protection
                                    construction sites                                             visits
                                                         materials                                                          requirements

                                    In the                                                         During periodic site     To ensure adherence to       1000 USD
            Reduced access                               visual monitoring
                                    construction sites                                             visits on daily basis    requirements
            Vehicle and                                                                                                                                  2500 USD
            pedestrian safety       In the                                                         On daily basis during    To ensure adherence to
                                                         visual monitoring by supervisor
            when there is no        construction sites                                             nonworking hours         requirements
            construction activity
                                                                                                                            To ensure adherence to       1000 USD
            Utilization of solid
                                    Abandoned areas      Visual                                    Periodic visits          environmental protection
            wastes
                                                                                                                            requirements
            Quality of treated      Inlet to treatment   Measuring (pH, turbidity, suspended       In accordance with the   Relevance to standards and   6000 USD Each
            potable water           structure            solids, bacteria)                         schedule                 norms                        year
Operation   Adequacy of treated     Outlet to            Measuring (physical-chemical and                                                                6000 USD
                                                                                                   In accordance with the   Relevance to potable water
            potable water to        treatment            bacteriological, including heavy metals
                                                                                                   schedule                 standards
            standards               structure            and pesticides on permanent basis)
                                    Outlet to                                                                                                            6000 USD each
            Quality of treated                           Measuring (physical-chemical and          In accordance with the   Relevance to standards and
                                    treatment                                                                                                            year
            wastewater                                   bacteriological analyses)                 schedule                 norms
                                    structure




                                                                                                                                                             118 / 144
                        Water quality                                                                                                       6000 USD
                        (visual, water     At up and downstream points of water                               To ensure adherence to
                        smell,             discharge and water discharge areas      Each month                environmental protection
                        bacteriological,   (basins)                                                           requirements
                        chemical)
                        Monitoring of
                        nemotodes,                                                                            Relevance to FAO
    Quality of sludge   coliforms and      Physical, chemical and bacteriological                             requirements for
                                                                                    After sludge processing                                 6000 USD
    (sediments)         heavy metals of    analyses                                                           neutralization or reuse for
                        sludge                                                                                agricultural purposes
                        composition

1




                                                                                                                                                119 / 144
8.3.     Capacity Assessment for the Environmental Management of the Project

There is a Department on Control of Protection and Use of Water Resources in the Amelioration JSC,
consisting of 5 staff trained under several international initiatives and programs (e.g. ADB Flood Mitigation
Project). The main functions of this department include also control of compliance with water quality and
quantity requirements during the abstraction and use of water resources for different purposes.. The PIU for
this project has a full-time Environmental Specialist who has obtained significant experience under the
Irrigation and Drainage Project financed by the World Bank. In order to further strengthen the capacity of the
PIU and the Amelioration JSC (including its local departments), the project will provided resources for
specifically targeted training sessions to cover aspects of environmental management for both construction
and operational phases of water projects. Also, the project will involve international consultancy services to
supervise the construction works, which will include environmental supervision expertise.




       LIST OF REFERENCES
    1. Verdiyev R. H. Water resources of the East Caucasus rivers, under the climate changes. Baku 2002,
         Elm, p. 224.
    2. Potable water. Hygienic requirements to quality of water of the centralized systems of         potable
         water supply. Sanitary- drinking norms. M. 1996- p.111.
    3. Rustamov S.G., Kashkay R.M. Water resources of the rivers Azerbaijan SSR, Baku,             Elm 1989,
         p. 180.
    4. Project of UNDP/SİDA: Reducing trans-boundary degradation of the Kura-Aras river basin.
         Institutional aspects of water sector of South Caucasus countries, Tbilisi 2005.
    5.   Project of UNDP/SİDA: Reducing trans-boundary degradation of the Kura-Aras          River Basin. An
         estimation of Legislative needs for reducing of degradation of the Kura-Aras River Basin,     Tbilisi
         2005.
    6. Farda İmanov, Rafig Verdiyev. Protection of the small rivers of flowing into the Caspian Sea with
         participation of public, Baku 2006, 108 p , Adilogli editorial office.
    7. Gauff and Temelsu JV Int. Eng. Ser. Inc. Joint Venture. Feasibility Studies of Water Supply and
         Wastewater Investments in 16 Rayons. Agsu. August 2010, Baku, Azerbaijan
    8. www.eco.gov.az
    9. www.worldbank.org
    10. www.azersu.az
    11. www.ec.europa.eu




                                                                                                120 / 144
ANNEXES
ANNEX I. Project Area in Siyazan region




                                          121 / 144
ANNEX II. Proposed WS option




                               122 / 144
Annex III. Proposed Sewage System option




                                           123 / 144
ANNEX IV. Proposed alternative Sewage System option




                                                      124 / 144
ANNEX V. Proposed water distribution system




                                              125 / 144
ANNEX VI. DRINKING WATER QUALITY REQUIREMENTS AND STANDARDS

Drinking water treatment requirements should determined according to the quality of raw water from the
different sources.
EU Council Directive 75/440/EEC describes the quality required for surface water which is intended for the
abstraction of drinking water in the EU Member States:

 The surface water is divided into 3 categories (A1, A2, A3) according to limiting values:
Category A1: Simple physical treatment and disinfection, e. g. rapid filtration and disinfection
Category A2: Normal physical treatment, chemical treatment and disinfection, e. g. pre-chlorination,
coagulation, flocculation, decantation, filtration, disinfection (final chlorination)
Category A3: Intensive physical and chemical treatment, extended treatment and disinfection, e. g.
chlorination to break-point, coagulation, flocculation, decantation, filtration, adsorption (activated carbon),
disinfection (ozone, final chlorination)

In the summary project FS document           proposes to consider the values according to EU Directive
75/440/EEC as criterion for this Project. It has to be emphasized that treated water quality must meet the
limiting values set in “EU Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the Quality of Water
Intended for Human Consumption”. Parametric values are divided in
A) Microbiological Parameters

B) Chemical Parameters

C) Indicator Parameters

The parameters and the limiting values are listed in Annex I to Council Directive 98/83/EC.

Relevant water qualiity standards in Azerbaijan are given in below Table.

Table. Water qiality standards in Azerbaijan

 INDICATOR                                                                              Standards

 pH                                                                                     6,0-9,0
 Turbidity                                                                              1.5 mg/l
 Microorganism (Colonies are formed in 1 ml test water)                                 <100

 Coliform bacteria (coliform index), intestinal bacteria formed in 1 litre of test      <3
 water
 Nitrates (N03)                                                                         45 mg/l

 Nitrites (N02)                                                                         3 mg/l

 Chlorides                                                                              350 mg/l

 Phosphates                                                                             1.0 mg/l

 Sulfates (S04)                                                                         500 mg/l

 Total hardness                                                                         7 mmol/1

 Remained chlorine                                                                      0.3-0.5

 Al                                                                                     0.5 mg/l

                                                                                                   126 / 144
As          0.05 mg/l

Fe          0. 3 mg/l

Ni          0.1 mg/l

Cr (Cr6+)   0.05 mg/l

Cu (Cr2+)   1 mg/l

Zn          5 mg/l

Cd          0.001 mg/l

Pb          0.03 mg/l

Hg          0.0005 mg/l




                        127 / 144
ANNEX VII WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS RESULTS OF SIYAZAN

ORGANOLEPTIC PARAMETERS

                                                                                     Odour         Taste                     Suspended
                                                                                                                 Turbidity
                                                                                     qualitative   qualitative               Sediment
                                                                                                   Dilution
                     Lab N         Sample ID                                         TON                         NTU         mg/l
                                                                                                   number
                     11579         Siyazan Pumping station -1 Baku-2 canal           1             1             <1          <1
                     11580         Siyazan Pumping station 21 Baku-1 canal           1             1             <1          <1
                                   MDL                                               ND            ND            1           1
                                   RSD(%)                                            ND            ND            5           5
                                                                                     no            no            no
                     EU98 (Council Directive 98/83/EC)
                                                                                     abnormal      abnormal      abnormal    ND
                                                                                     change        change        change
                     WHO's drinking water standards 1993                                                                     ND
                                                                                     ND            ND            ND
                     US EPA                                                          3             3             4           ND
                     ГОСТ 2874-82                                                    2             2             ND          1.5
                         TON- threshold odour number
                         MDL- Method Detection Limit
                         RSD(%)- Relative Standard Deviation in % of measured
                         value
                         EU98- Drinking water quality standards- Council Directive
                         98/83/EC on the quality of water intended for human
                         consumption. Adopted on 3 November 1998
                         WHO- World Health Organization
                         USEPA- United States Environmental Pollution Agency
                         GOST- Former Soviet Union Standardization Agency
                         ND- not determined




                                                                                                                                         128 / 144
SENSORIC & PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL PARAMETERS

                                                                                         Redox-                   Dissolved
                                            Water                        Conductivity,                pH value,                           Total
                                                           Color                         Potential,               Oxygen,     Hardness                    Bromine
                                            temperature*                 25°C                         25°C                                Alkalinity
                                                                                         25°C                     O2
Lab N        Project ID                     °C             mg/l Pt/Co    uS/cm           mV                       mg/l        mgCaCO3/l   mgCaCO3/l       mg/l
             Siyazan Pumping-1 Baku-2
11581                                       16             <5            634             230          7.74        8.62        320         257             <0.05
             canal
             Siyazan Pumping station 21
11580                                       16             <5            640             239          7.78        8.6         308         253             <0.05
             Baku-1 canal
             MDL                            ND             5             10              10           ND          ND          10          10              0.05
             RSD(%)                         ND             ND            5.0             5.0          ND          ND          5.0         5.0             5.0
                                                           no abnormal
EU98 (Council Directive 98/83/EC)           ND                           2500            ND           6.5÷9.5     ND          ND          ND              ND
                                                           change
WHO's drinking water standards 1993           ND           ND            2500            ND           6.5÷8.5     ND          ND          ND              ND
US EPA                                        ND           15            ND              ND           6.5÷8.5     ND          ND          ND              ND
ГОСТ 2874-82                                  ND           20            ND              ND           6.0÷9.0     ND          7 mol/m3    ND              ND
*Measured during sampling; ND- not determined




                                                                                                                                                       129 / 144
ANIONS

                                                        Chloride,   Sulphate,   Bicarbonate   Nitrite,   Nitrate,   Fluoride,   Cyanides,
                                                        Cl          SO4         HCO3          NO2        NO3        F           CN-
         Lab N        Project ID                        mg/l        mg/l        mg/l          mg/l       mg/l       mg/l        mg/l
                      Siyazan Pumping station-1 Baku-
         11581                                          9.7         92          313           0.007      14.2       0.15        0.004
                      2 canal
                      Siyazan Pumping station 21
         11580                                          15          94          309           0.005      12.1       0.16        0.004
                      Baku-1 canal
                      MDL                               0.5         0.5         10            0.002      0.1        0.02        0.002
                      RSD (%)                           5.0         5.0         5.0           2.0        2.0        5.0         5.0
         EU98 (Council Directive 98/83/EC)              250         250         ND            0.5        50         1.5         0.05
         WHO's drinking water standards 1993            250         500         ND            ND         50         1.5         0.07
         US EPA                                         250         250         ND            1          10         4.0         0.2
         ГОСТ 2874-82                                   350         500         ND            ND         45         0.7         ND




                                                                                                                                            130 / 144
CATIONS

                                                           Sodium,   Potassium,   Calcium,   Magnesium.   Ammonium,   Boron,
                                                           Na        K            Ca         Mg           NH4         B
          Lab N        Project ID                          mg/l      mg/l         mg/l       mg/l         mg/l        mg/l
                       Siyazan Pumping station-1 Baku-2
          11581                                            21.3      2.23         76.4       28.9         <0.01       <0.2
                       canal
                       Siyazan Pumping station 21 Baku-1
          11580                                            33.6      2.55         67.0       29.7         <0.01       <0.2
                       canal
                       MDL                                 0.001     0.01         0.01       0.001        0.02        0.2
                       RSD(%)                              0.8       0.8          0.9        0.7          5.0         5.0
          EU98 (Council Directive 98/83/EC)                200       ND           ND         ND           0.5         1.0
          WHO's drinking water standards 1993              200       ND           ND         ND           ND          ND
          US EPA                                           200       ND           ND         ND           ND          ND
          GOST                                             ND        ND           ND         ND           ND          ND




                                                                                                                               131 / 144
RADIONUCLIDES

                                                                                                       Total
                                                                Radium   Radium
                                                                                  Lead 210   Tritium   indicative
                                                                226      228
                                                                                                       dose
                Lab N        Project ID                         Bq/l     Bq/l     Bq/l       Bq/l      mSv/year
                             Siyazan     Pumping    station-1
                11581                                           <0.41    <0.29    <2.7       <1        0.1
                             Baku-2 canal
                             Siyazan Pumping station 21
                11580                                           <0.41    <0.29    <2.7       <1        0.1
                             Baku-1 canal
                EU98 (Council Directive 98/83/EC)               ND       ND       ND         100       0.1
                WHO's drinking water standards 1993             ND       ND       ND         ND        ND
                US EPA                                          180               ND         ND        ND
                ГОСТ 2874-82                                    ND       ND       ND         ND        ND




                                                                                                                    132 / 144
HEAVY METALS

                                   Aluminium,   Arsenic,   Chromium   Nickel,   Selenium,   Mercury,   Antimony,   Iron,        Manganese,   Copper,   Cadmium,   Lead,
                                   Al           As         Cr         Ni        Se          Hg         Sb          Fe (total)   Mn (total)   Cu        Cd         Pb
     Lab N     Project ID          ug/l         ug/l       ug/l       ug/l      ug/l        ug/l       ug/l        ug/l         ug/l         ug/l      ug/l       ug/l
               Siyazan Pumping
     11581     station-1  Baku-2   1.01         0.35       0.61       0.043     1.14        <0.2       0.025       148.7        38.9         0.035     <0.01      0.012
               canal
               Siyazan Pumping
     11580     station 21 Baku-1   0.84         0.29       1.10       0.084     0.84        <0.2       0.019       62.9         4.4          0.053     <0.01      <0.01
               canal
               MDL                 0.3          0.01       0.01       0.04      0.5         0.2        0.01        0.3          0.3          0.03      0.01       0.01
               RSD(%)              6.0          2.0        5.0        5.0       5.0         <5.0       5.0         1.2          2.5          4.0       <5.0       5.0
     EU98 (Council Directive
                                   200          10         50         20        10          1          5           200          50           2000      5          10
     98/83/EC)
     WHO's      drinking   water
                                   200          10         50         20        10          1          5           300          500          2000      3          10
     standards 1993
     US EPA                        50           10         100        100       50          2          6           300          50           1300      5          15
     ГОСТ 2874-82                  500          50         500        100       10          1          ND          300          100          1000      1          30




                                                                                                                                                                   133 / 144
TOTAL ORGANICS CHARACTERIZATION

                                                                           Total     organic   Permanganate index,
                                                                           carbon (TOC)        O2
                                  Lab N       Project ID                   mg/l                mg/l
                                              Siyazan Pumping station-1
                                  11581                                    <0.3                0.70
                                              Baku-2 canal
                                              Siyazan Pumping station 21
                                  11580                                    <0.3                0.64
                                              Baku-1 canal
                                              MDL                          0.3                 0.4
                                              RSD(%)                       5.0                 5
                                  EU98 (Council Directive 98/83/EC)        ND                  5
                                  WHO's drinking water standards 1993      ND                  ND
                                  US EPA                                   ND                  ND
                                  ГОСТ 2874-82                             ND                  ND




                                                                                                                     134 / 144
MICROBIOLOGY CHARACTERIZATION

                                                                                                                                 Colony    Colony
                                                            Escheria      Coliform                   Pseudomonas   Clostridium
                                                                                       Enterococci                               count @   count @
                                                            coli          pathogens                  aeruginosa    perfringens
                                                                                                                                 22°       36°C
          Lab N        Project ID                            c/100 ml      c/100 ml    c/100 ml      c/100 ml      c/100 ml      c/1 ml    c/1 ml
                       Siyazan Pumping station-1 Baku-2
          11581                                              Not found     Not found   Not found     Not found     Not found     18        4
                       canal
                       Siyazan Pumping station 21 Baku-
          11580                                              Not found     Not found   Not found     Not found     Not found     26        8
                       1 canal
                       MDL                                   1             1           1             1             1             2         2
                       RSD                                   NA            NA          NA            NA            NA            NA        NA
          EU98 (Council Directive 98/83/EC)                  0/250 ml      0/100 ml    0/250 ml      0/250 ml      0/100         100/ml    20/ml
          WHO's drinking water standards 1993                ND            ND          ND            ND            ND            ND        ND
          ГОСТ 2874-82                                       0             3           ND            ND            ND            100       ND
          Not found- Non detected bacteria during test; NA- Not Applicable




                                                                                                                                                     135 / 144
CONCLUSIONS
As results of fulfilled study program, following conclusions about water quality could be derived for studied
samples:

    Organoleptic parameters:     Samples complies of both USSR ГОСТ 2874-82 drinking
                                 water quality standards as well as EU, WHO and EPA criteria.
    Sensoric & Physical-chemical Sample complies of both USSR ГОСТ 2874-82 drinking
    parameters:                  water quality standards as well as EU, WHO and EPA criteria.
    Anions and Cations content:  Sample complies of both USSR ГОСТ 2874-82 drinking
                                 water quality standards as well as EU, WHO criteria. But only
                                 nitrate content in sample were above US EPA criteria.
    Radionuclide:                Sample complies of both USSR ГОСТ 2874-82 drinking
                                 water quality standards as well as EU, WHO and EPA criteria.
    Heavy metals:                Samples complies of both USSR ГОСТ 2874-82 drinking
                                 water quality standards as well as EU, WHO and EPA criteria.
    Total organics:              Sample complies of both USSR ГОСТ 2874-82 drinking
                                 water quality standards as well as EU, WHO and EPA criteria.
    Microbiology communities:    Samples complies of both USSR ГОСТ 2874-82 drinking
                                 water quality standards as well as EU, WHO and EPA criteria.
    Hazardous organics:          These tests were not applied for these samples, because
                                 absence of oil hydrocarbons or pesticide pollution and plastic
                                 pipes are not using in current system.



ANNEX VIII . Characteristics of Surface Water Intended for the Abstraction of Drinking Water

 Parameters                                 Unit             A1               A2            A3
 pH                                                          6.5 – 8.5        5.5 – 9.0     5.5 – 9.0
 Coloration (after simple filtration)       mg/l Pt scale    20               100           200
 Total suspended solids (SS)                mg/l             25 (G)
 Temperature                                °C               25               25            25
 Conductivity at 20 °C                      μs/cm-1          1000 (G)         1000 (G)      1000 (G)
                                            Dilution factor 3 (G)             20 (G)        20 (G)
 Odour                                      at 25 °C
 Nitrates (NO3)                             mg/l             50               50            50
 Fluorides (F)                              mg/l             1.5
 Dissiolved Iron (Fe)                       mg/l             0.3              2
 Manganese (Mn)                             mg/l             0.05 (G)         0.1 (G)       1 (G)
 Copper (Cu)                                mg/l             0.05             0.05 (G)
 Zinc (Zn)                                  mg/l             3                5             5
 Boron (B)                                  mg/l             1 (G)            1 (G)         1 (G)
 Arsenic (As)                               mg/l             0.05             0.05          0.1
 Cadmium (Cd)                               mg/l             0.005            0.005         0.005
 Total Chromium (Cr)                        mg/l             0.05             0.05          0.05
 Lead (Pb)                                  mg/l             0.05             0.05          0.05
 Selenium (Se)                              mg/l             0.01             0.01          0.01
 Mercury (Hg)                               mg/l             0.001            0.001         0.001
 Barium (Ba)                                mg/l             0.1              0.1           0.1
 Cyanide                                    mg/l             0.05             0.05          0.05
 Sulphates (SO4)                            mg/l             250              250           250
 Chlorides (Cl)                             mg/l             200 (G)          200 (G)       200 (G)
 Surfactants (reacting with methyl blue)    mg/l             0.2 (G)          0.2 (G)       0.4(G)
                                            (laurylsulphate)
                                                                                                 136 / 144
 Phosphates (P2O5)                          mg/l                 0.4 (G)       0.7 (G)       0.7(G)
 Phenoles (C6 H5OH)                         mg/l                 0.001         0.005         0.1
 Dissolved or Emulsified Hydrocarbons       mg/l                 0.05          0.2           1
 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons           mg/l                 0.0002        0.0002        0.001
 Pesticides                                 mg/l                 0.001         0.0025        0.005
 Dissolced Oxiygen Satuaration Rate         % O2                 > 70 (G)      > 50 (G)      > 30 (G)
 Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5)           mg/l O2              < 3 (G)       < 5 (G)       < 7 (G)
 Nitrogen (N) by Kjeldahl Method                                 1 (G)         2 (G)         3 (G)
 (Except NO3)                               mg/l
 Ammonia (NH4)                              mg/l                 0.05 (G)      1.5           4
 Substances Extrahable with Chloroform      mg/l SEC             0.1 (G)       0.2 (G)       0.5 (G)
 Total Coliforms at 37 °C                   /100 ml              50 (G)        5000 (G)      50000(G)
 Faecal Coliforms                           /100 ml              20 (G)        2000 (G)      20000(G)
 Faecal Streptococci                        /100 ml              20 (G)        1000 (G)      10000(G)
                                                                 Not present   Not present
 Salmonella
                                                                 in 1000 ml    in 1000 ml
Note: values marked with “G” shall be respected as guidelines.
Depending on the category the following standard methods of treatment for transforming surface water into
drinking water are defined:

ANNEX IX TREATED WASTE WATER AND SLUDGE REQUIREMENTS

In the proposed FS document it is shown that WWTP should meet the requirements of international
standards. As it states the amounts of 50 g BOD5/cap/d, 100 g COD/cap/d , 10.5 g N/cap/d and 70 g/cap/d
total suspended substances seems to be consistent with acting standards and those used in other European
countries like Germany, Turkey etc.

As there is no legislation in Azerbaijan defining the limit effluent values of WWTPs to use international
standards for this purposes. The standard for wastewater treatment in the European Union is presented in the
Urban Wastewater Directive 91/271/EEC issued on May 21 1991. The EU-Standard differentiates between
sensitive and non-sensitive receiving water bodies.

 Table 6.2 . Effluent Standards acc. EU-Directive 91/271/EEC

Parameter (Unit)                 Sensitive Area        Non-Sensitive Area
       BOD5         mg/l         25                    25
       COD          mg/l         125                   125
       TSS          mg/l         35                    35
       N,tot        mg/l         15                    --
       P,tot        mg/l         2                     --

The requirements for N and P refer to annual mean values and a minimum wastewater temperature of 12° C.

According to the Azerbaijan rules, discharge of wastewaters into water bodies is allowed only after obtaining
a permit for "special water-use". The degree to which discharged wastewaters have to be treated (purified) is
determined by the Maximum Allowable Discharge (MAD) norms for polluting substances. These norms are
normally imposed in order to gradually improve surface water quality and meet the sanitary-hygienic
requirements in proximity to water-intake structures.

Application of certain methods of use of waste water on irrigated fields depend on preliminary preparation,
with consideration of natural conditions and type of cultivated crops.


                                                                                                137 / 144
Assessment of waste water quality and its sludge, applied for irrigation and fertilization is conducted in
complex way according to agrochemical and sanitary-hygienic and veterinary-sanitary indications.
Regulation of indicators of quality of watering water and its sludge is made with consideration of soil-
climatic, hydro-geological conditions of territory of specific object, biological specific features of cultivated
crops and technology of irrigation. Chemical composition of waste water, used for irrigation is assessed on
the basis of activity of hydrogen ion (pH), composition of amount of dissolved salts, availability of main
biogenic elements (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium), micro-elements and organic substances.
Requirements for quality of wastewater and its sludge
Quality of waste water and its sludge, used for irrigation is regulated by chemical, bacteriological and
parasitological indications.
Admissible concentration of heavy metals in waste water is established depending on irrigation norm, and it
is defined in each specific case in accordance with acting requirements to waste water quality and its sludge,
used for irrigation and fertilization.
Waste water, containing microelements, including heavy metals in quantities not exceeding MAC for
economy-potable water use, may be used for irrigation without restrictions.
Possibility of use of treated industrial and mixed waste water in at irrigated fields is settled in each specific
case by bodies and institutions of state sanitary-epidemiology and veterinary services on base of results of
special researches, directed for learning of degree and character of impact of waste water on soil, cultivated
crops, live-stock and cattle breeding production.
Requirements concerning sludge from wastewater, applied for fertilization
Use of sludge of waste water for fertilization may be admitted after its sterilization by one of methods in
accordance with acting Sanitary rules of installation and operation of agricultural fields of irrigation.
Before use of sludge at lots for fertilization, agrochemical examination of soil on following parameters is to
be conducted: pH, composition of active forms of phosphorus, potassium, heavy metals-lead, cadmium,
chromium, copper, nickel, mercury, zinc. Examination is made on base of methods, accepted at agrochemical
service.
As a rule, content of heavy metals in sludge of waste water from enterprises, reprocessing agricultural
production is lower, however, nutritive substances are higher, than in sludge from city treatment facilities.
With the aim to exclude hazard of pollution of soil, production and environment by heavy metals sludge of
waste water purposed for fertilization are to be obligatorily analyzed for checking of heavy metals: lead,
cadmium, chrome, copper, nickel, mercury, and zinc.
Application of sludge of industrial –domestic waste water, containing heavy metals and composts from them
is prohibited, if introduction of these fertilizers will increase level of pollution of soils up to values 0,7-0,8
MACs
Quality control of waste water and its sludge, which are applied for irrigation and fertilization
Production laboratory control on envisaging of sanitation rules and standards at operation of at irrigated
fields includes:
•    control of effectiveness of operation of plants on preliminary preparation of waste water and
     its sludge before introduction at agricultural fields;
•    quality control of underground and surface water, which are in the area of impact at
     agricultural fields
quality control of soil




                                                                                                    138 / 144
ANNEX X. .The List Of Participants Of Public Consultation Meeting On Siyazan Rayon WSS Project

           Name                    Position                                                Phone
 1         Zafar Aliyev            The Siyazan district deputy of the head of Executive    050-331-
                                   authority on social economical problems, Head of        3304
                                   Rayon Commission on WSS project implementation
 2         Mais Suleymanov         The Siyazan district Executive authority apparatus,
                                   head of the division on architecture and construction
 3         Rasim Tahirli           Representative on Siyazan city Executive authority      050-330-
                                                                                           3071
 4         Azar Babayev            Chairman of the Siyazan municipality

 5         Bahram Sultanov         Siyazan head of statistics office

 6         Mehman Yagubov          Director of the Sanitary and Epidemiological center

 7         Niyazi Qadimov          Head of the office of irrigation systems of Siyazan

 8         Eldar Cabbarov           Head of Siyazan water- agency office                   050-
                                                                                           3647602

 9         Akif Aliyev             Head of Siyazan Water Department

 10        Kamil Xalilov           Head of Siyazan District Department of state
                                   committee on land and Cartography
 11        Rafig Karimov           Head of the Siyazan telecommunication company

 12        Dilavar Narimanov       Chief engineer of the Siyazan Electric net

 13        Faig Nasbullayev        Head of the Siyazan Gas exploitation sector

 14        Sadig Mayilov           Siyazan telecommunication company
 15        Tarlan Movsumov         Siyazan Siyazan telecommunication company

 16        Ilgar Mammadov          The head of Executive authority in Eynibulag
                                   administrative territorial unit
 17        Shirinbala Ilyasov      Chairman of the Yenikand municipality

 18        Ilhama Niftaliyeva      Siyazan city inhabitant

 19        Tavat Agayeva           Siyazan city inhabitant

 20        Ilham Mammadov          Siyazan city inhabitant , businessman

 21        Vahid Muslumov          Siyazan city inhabitant

 22        Asli Dadasova           Siyazan city director of the secondary school

 23        Zal Rustamova           Chairman of the Zarat municipality

 24        Sahin Mirzayev          Siyazan city inhabitant , businessman

 25        Qalamsah Babayev        Siyazan city inhabitant

 26        Rafail Haciyev          Siyazan head of the District Education Department
                                                                                           139 / 144
 27          Tovha Azimova               Siyazan head of the District Central Hospital

 28          Safar Aliyev                Siyazan city inhabitant , businessman



ANNEX XI. Public meeting on discussion of EİA report for Siyazan and Shabran regions
Shabran town                                            22 October 2010
Workshop was organized on October 22 2010 in the meeting venue provided by the Shabran Rayon
Executive Power to discuss developed EIA for the proposed WSS project.
 The representative of EPTİSA Rafig Verdiyev provided the general information about the Project to
participants and answered asked questions. Main discussions were about proposals of Project Alternatives,
Proposal Water sources , Environment Impact Assessment, Scheduled Activities for Environment
Management Plan, Proposed Mitigation Measures.
 The Presentation followed up with interesting discussions. Discussions were mainly about water supply,
location of waste water treatment plant, sewer canals, project schedule and employment of local people in
project construction work. Some people asked about length of construction works and potential its impacts/
The environmental consultant of the EIA informed that provided proposals will be considered in the EIA.
The essential questions and proposals during the presentation:


      Comment                                 Response
1     Eldar Jabbarov                          It will be some pipe coming to each yard with water meters
      Will houses be connected to new         mainly at the end . Everyone then can be connected from
      water supply and sanitation network     where . Same will be with sewage situation
      by the project
2     Nadirov Qafar                           Project intends to use water for water supply of population.
      The quality and cost of water taken     It shouldn’t be realistic to use delivered water for irrigation
      from Baku pipelines doesn't satisfy     when other sources , including Samur- Absheron canal can
      irrigation. Will it be any option to    be used. This issue is discussed with Amelioration JSC and
      supply irrigation water from Samur      it is likely some solution will be found.
      Absheron canal

4     Qurbanov Tofiq                          Project feasibility document and EIA document about
      There is water insufficiency in         suggest to use treated sewage water in watering in the
      watering the region. Is intended in a   agriculture. The proposed new waste water treatment plant
      project to use cleaned sewage water     is considering to provide needed for this purposes quality of
      in watering?                            water
7     Yusifov Nadir                           When putting or replacing of water and waste water pipes
      When the        pipelines pass from     and arrangement of infrastructure, all environment related
      population area, will the roads         considerations will be followed according to EMP,
      recovered back and how soon it will     including covering of roads after instillation of pipes. .
      take place
7     Yusifov Nadir                           The losses will be compensated according to the legislation
      If pipelines or device will pass from   of Azerbaijan Republic and World Bank demand.
      population area, will be compensation
      paid to them?




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A. Participants from Siyazan




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142 / 144
B. Participants from Shabran




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