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Nitric Oxide (DOC download)

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 2

  • pg 1
									                                                                        Hope Trachsel
                                                                               Hour:1
                                   LAUGHING GAS

Chemical Name: Nitric oxide
Chemical Formula: N2O
Common Name: laughing gas
Formula Weight: 44
Common Uses: It is a weak anesthetic (painkilling) gas
    - used in dental surgery
       - used in the dairy industry because it helps bacteria from growing
    - used in cars for speed combustion
History of the Compound: The gas was first mad by and English philosopher and
chemist named Joseph Priestley in 1772, he called it phlogisticated nitrous air. He
described how to produce the preparation of the gas by heating iron filings dampened
with nitric acid in the book Experiments and Observations of Different Kinds of Air.
Dentist, Horace Wells was the first to give a patient this anesthetic drug.
Room Temperature: it is a colorless non-flammable gas, with a slightly sweet odor and
taste.




Model of the compound:

Video of a little girl on laughing gas:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h9oa24Pn77E&playnext=1&list=PL42228D998F3CD
1DD&index=14

Physical Properties:       1. Molecular weight: 44.02
  2. Boiling point (at 760 mm Hg): -88.5 degrees C (-127.3 degrees F)
  3. Specific gravity (air = 1): 1.97 at 25 degrees C (77 degrees F)
  4. Vapor density: 1.53
  5. Melting point: -91 degrees C (-132 degrees F)
  6. Vapor pressure: 760 mm Hg at 88.5 degrees C (191.3 degrees F)
7. Solubility: Slightly soluble in water; soluble in alcohol, ether, oils, and sulfuric
acid .
How is it made?: It is made by the thermal decomposition of ammonium nirtate.
Here is a picture of what they use to make it in:
                How much does it cost?: Anywhere from $50- $500
Is is poisonous?: NO
Type of Chemical Bond: Covalent Bond

Interesting Facts:
     - Anyone who possesses nitrous oxide and is under the influence of it is guilty
of a misdemeanor
     - Dangers of this gas can be tripping, falling over something and hurting
yourself or if you take in too much you can die.
     - It increases blood flow to the muscles which in turn helps to deliver and
transport blood and nutrients more adequately to these muscles
Sources:
http://www.justsayn2o.com/ This website gave interesting facts about this gas and
you'd go here to learn about how it can be helpful and dangerous chemical.
http://www.nitrousdirect.com/nitrousoxide.html This website contained the
physical and chemical properties of the chemical. You'd want to go here to learn
about the properties and how it was made.
http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/healthguidelines/nitrousoxide/recognition.html This
website gave interesting facts about how it is used and what it can do to your body.
If you want to learn about what it can do for you, you can go to this site.
http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/motm/n2o/n2oc.htm This website gave the history and
the background about this chemical. Go to this site if you want to learn who was the
founder and about the first uses.

								
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