Unit Page Headword Dictionary Entry Italian Guideword Definition Example
Unit 1 11 add to sth add aggiungere qualcosa a qualcosa PUT WITH to put something with something else You could add a bright scarf to a simple t-shirt.
something that is sold for less than its usual
Unit 1 RS bargain bargain occasione, affare PRICE price or its real value At $8.95, it's a bargain.
a piece of jewellery that you wear around your
Unit 1 10 bracelet bracelet braccialetto wrist What a lovely bracelet!
Casual clothing is comfortable and not suitable She prefers wearing casual clothes rather than
Unit 1 10 casual casual casual, informale, sportivo CLOTHING for formal occasions. smart outfits.
paragonato a, a paragone con, rispetto DIFFERENCE when two or more people or things are By/In comparison with the French, the British
Unit 1 12 comparison comparison a S compared eat far less fish.
cut down sth or cut sth to eat or drink less of something, or to reduce
Unit 1 11 down cut down ridurre REDUCE the amount or number of something My doctor says I should cut down on cigarettes.
DIFFERENCE to make one person or thing seem different His great skill distinguishes him from the rest of
Unit 1 13 distinguish distinguish distinguere S from another the team.
BE to be the largest, most important, or most
Unit 1 12 dominate dominate dominare IMPORTANT noticeable part of something The cathedral dominates the skyline.
Unit 1 11 dress up dress up vestirsi elegantemente/ a festa FORMAL to put on formal clothes for a special occasion Weddings are a great opportunity to dress up.
If one thing fits in with another thing, they look It's a very nice sofa but it doesn't fit in with the
Unit 1 11 fit in with fit in with abbinarsi, adattarsi pleasant together or are suitable for each other. rest of the room.
If something is genuine, it is really what it
Unit 1 13 genuine genuine genuino, autentico REAL seems to be. a genuine gold necklace
something that you say to someone to give
Unit 1 11 go ahead go ahead procedere, andare avanti PERMISSION them permission to do something ''Can I borrow your book?'' ''Yes, go ahead.''
to return to a place where you were or where
Unit 1 11 go back go back ritornare you have been before When are you going back to London?
Unit 1 11 go for sth go for scegliere CHOOSE to choose something What sort of printer are you going to go for?
Unit 1 11 go on go on succedere, accadere HAPPEN to happen What's going on?
to leave a room or building, especially in order
Unit 1 11 go out go out uscire LEAVE to do something for entertainment Are you going out tonight?
to talk or think about something in order to
Unit 1 11 go over sth go over spiegare, rivedere explain it or make certain that it is correct Let's go over the plan one more time.
Unit 1 11 go up go up aumentare INCREASE to become higher in level House prices keep going up.
a part of a coat or jacket that covers your head
Unit 1 10 hood hood cappuccio HEAD and neck a waterproof jacket with a hood
Unit 1 10 helmet helmet casco, elmetto HEAD a hard hat that protects your head a cycling helmet
immagine, aver presente nella propria a picture in your mind or an idea of how I have an image in my mind of the way I want
Unit 1 12 image image mente IDEA someone or something is the garden to look.
to be able to understand or deal with
keep up with UNDERSTAN something that is happening or changing very I feel it's important to keep up with current
Unit 1 11 keep up (with sb/sth) sb/sth essere aggiornati, tenersi al corrente D fast events.
a company which produces goods for sale, the
goods themselves, or the company's name or Her favourite designer label (= maker of
Unit 1 13 label label firma, griffe COMPANY symbol expensive clothes) is Armani.
a subject or situation that you need to think I've been thinking about this matter for a long
Unit 1 10 matter matter questione, materia SUBJECT about, discuss, or deal with time.
Unit 1 11 outfit outfit vestito, corredo, abbigliamento CLOTHES a set of clothes for a particular event or activity a cowboy outfit
indegno, scioccante, oltraggioso,
Unit 1 11 outrageous outrageous atroce shocking or extreme outrageous behaviour/clothes
pull on sth or pull sth
Unit 1 11 on pull on sth mettersi addosso, mettersi, indossare CLOTHES to put on clothes quickly I pulled on my jeans and ran downstairs.
put together sth or put to create something by joining or combining She earns more than all the rest of us put
Unit 1 11 sth together put together mettere insieme JOIN PARTS different things together.
descrivere, descriversi, dipingersi, He represents himself as an expert, but he
Unit 1 12 represent represent dipingere, rappresentare DESCRIBE to show or describe something or someone knows nothing.
It took me ages to save up enough money to go
save up (sth) or save to keep money so that you can buy something travelling./Michael's saving up for a new
Unit 1 11 (sth) up save up risparmiare MONEY with it in the future computer.
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I think I did slightly better in my exams this
Unit 1 12 slightly slightly leggermente, un po' a little time.
Unit 1 11 slip on sth or slip sth on slip on infilarsi to quickly put on a piece of clothing I'll just slip my shoes on.
Unit 1 10 smart smart elegante, alla moda STYLISH having a clean, tidy and stylish appearance I need a smart jacket for my interview.
a small shop with an open front or a table from
Unit 1 12 stall stall bancarella SHOP which goods are sold a market stall
The bright blue letters really stand out on the
Unit 1 11 stand out stand out distinguersi, spiccare NOTICE to be very easy to see or notice page.
(informal) used to refer to a substance or a
group of things or ideas, etc. without saying Do you want help bringing your stuff (=
Unit 1 10 stuff stuff roba, cose, cosa SUBSTANCE exactly what they are possessions) in from the van?
Unit 1 11 stunning stunning mozzafiato, da schianto very beautiful stunning views over the city
Unit 1 10 stylish stylish di classe, elegante fashionable and attractive a stylish, black suit
a piece of clothing made of soft cotton which
covers the top of your body and is pulled on
Unit 1 10 sweatshirt sweatshirt felpa, maglia, maglioncino over your head He usually wears jeans and a sweatshirt.
take back sth or take to return something to the place you borrowed
Unit 1 11 sth back take back riportare THING or bought it from I decided to take the shoes back.
take off sth or take sth
Unit 1 11 off take off togliere, togliersi REMOVE to remove something f you're hot, take your jacket off.
UNDERSTAN They are attempting to make opera accessible to
Unit 2 18 accessible accessible accessibile D easy to understand a wider audience.
things which are happening, especially exciting
Unit 2 16 action action azione ACTIVITY or important things He likes films with a lot of action.
a device, machine or piece of equipment,
especially an electrical one that is used in the
Unit 2 16 appliance appliance elettrodomestico house, such as a cooker or washing machine electric/domestic/household appliances
COMPUTER a computer program designed for a particular This computer comes with many free
Unit 2 18 application/app application applicazione PROGRAM purpose (informal) applications.
difficult to understand or find an answer to The film's plot was so complex that I couldn't
Unit 2 17 complex complex complesso, complicato because of having many different parts follow it.
the power to make a person, organization, or
Unit 2 17 control control controllo POWER object do what you want The new teacher has no control over the class.
Unit 2 17 demanding demanding impegnativo needing a lot of your time, attention, or effort a very demanding job
unhappy because someone or something was
not as good as you hoped or expected, or
Unit 2 17 disappointed disappointed deluso because something did not happen I was bitterly disappointed that he didn't come.
a part of a system or machine which makes it
Unit 2 17 facility facility disporre di (sth) PART possible to do something This phone has a memory facility.
showing that you like or approve of someone or
something, or making you like or approve of
Unit 2 19 favourable favourable favorevole JUDGMENT them His comments were highly favourable.
a typical quality, or important part of The town's main features are its beautiful
Unit 2 16 feature feature caratteristica, attrattiva PART something mosque and ancient marketplace.
find out (sth) or find to get information about something, or to learn
Unit 2 17 (sth) out find out scoprire, informarsi su/di a fact for the first time I must find out the train times.
Unit 2 17 fortune fortune fortuna MONEY a lot of money She must have spent a fortune on that new car.
I can get through a lot more work when I'm on
Unit 2 17 get through sth get through completare, finire FINISH to use up or finish something my own.
something you want to do successfully in the Andy's goal is to run in the New York
Unit 2 17 goal goal traguardo, fine, scopo, meta AIM future Marathon.
to search for something on the Internet using
the Google search engine (= computer program
Unit 2 18 Google™ Google™ Cercare su Google™, googlare that finds information) Try Googling his name for more information.
Unit 2 16 graphics graphics grafica images shown on a computer screen This game has great graphics.
Unit 2 16 hopeless hopeless senza speranza NOT ABLE very bad at a particular activity Dad's a hopeless cook.
Someone or something that is impressive
Unit 2 16 impressive impressive notevole, imponente makes you admire and respect them. an impressive performance/view
the ability to learn, understand, and think
Unit 2 17 intelligence intelligence intelligenza ABILITY about things a child of low intelligence
Unit 2 19 meaningful meaningful eloquente, significativo USEFUL useful, serious, or important a meaningful discussion
Unit 2 16 messy messy disordinato, in disordine UNTIDY untidy or dirty messy hair
covered by or containing mud (=mixture of soil
Unit 2 17 muddy muddy fangoso, infangato, melmoso and water) a muddy stream
someone who you compete against in a game
Unit 2 17 opponent opponent avversario COMPETE or competition He beat his opponent six games to two.
the speed at which someone or something
Unit 2 16 pace pace ritmo SPEED moves or does something We started to walk at a much faster pace.
Unit 2 19 popularity popularity popolarità the quality of being liked by many people the increasing popularity of organic produce
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reach a to make a decision/agreement, etc. about She reached the conclusion that there was no
Unit 2 17 reach a conclusion conclusion arrivare a una conclusione something more she could do.
a report in a newspaper, magazine, or
programme that gives an opinion about a new
Unit 2 16 review review recensione REPORT book, film, etc. a book review
Unit 2 16 solve solve risolvere to find the answer to something to solve a mystery/puzzle
A sophisticated machine or system is very
Unit 2 16 sophisticated sophisticated sofisticato SYSTEM advanced and works in a clever way. a sophisticated computer system
He is best known for composing film
Unit 2 16 soundtrack soundtrack colonna sonora the music used in a film soundtracks.
to send a document, plan, etc. to someone so Applications must be submitted before 31
Unit 2 18 submit submit presentare, inoltrare DOCUMENT that they can consider it January.
Unit 2 17 tricky tricky difficile, difficoltoso difficult to deal with or do a tricky question/situation
to move the switch on a machine, light, etc so
turn on sth or turn sth that it starts working, or to start the supply of
Unit 2 16 on turn on accendere water, electricity, etc. Ben turned the TV on.
turn up sth or turn sth to increase the level of sound or heat that a
Unit 2 16 up turn up alzare machine produces I'm cold, could you turn the heating up please?
Unit 2 19 unhelpful unhelpful inutile, non essere d'aiuto IMPROVE not improving a situation an unhelpful remark
one form of something that is slightly different
Unit 2 17 version version versione FORM to other forms of the same thing I saw the original version of the film.
Unit 2 16 violent violent violento ACTION involving violence a victim of violent crime
using computer images and sounds that make
Unit 2 16 virtual virtual virtuale COMPUTER you think an imagined situation is real a virtual art gallery
to take a deep breath with your mouth wide
Unit 2 16 yawn yawn sbadigliare open, because you are tired or bored She yawned and looked at her watch.
a company that provides regular flights to
Unit 3 23 airline airline compagnia aerea places What is your favourite airline?
Please fasten your seat belts, the plane is now
avvicinarsi, stare per raggiungere, when something or someone gets nearer in making its final approach (in)to (= is coming
Unit 3 23 approach approach accostarsi distance or time near to and preparing to land at) Heathrow.
The train now approaching platform 2 is the
Unit 3 23 approach approach stare per raggiungere COME CLOSE to come close in distance or time 5.35 to London, Kings Cross.
Unit 3 23 backpacker backpacker saccopelista a person who travels with a backpack This hostel is popular with backpackers.
Unit 3 23 book (sb) into book into prenotare (in) to arrange for someone to stay at a hotel Our friend has booked us into a lovely hotel.
Unit 3 22 cabin cabin cabina SHIP a small room to sleep in on a ship His cabin was small but comfortable.
an area where people can stay in tents for a
Unit 3 23 campsite campsite campeggio holiday The best campsite is near the beach.
to go to the desk at a hotel in order to say that
you have arrived, and to get the key to your
Unit 3 23 check in check in check-in HOTEL room You will need to check in before 10pm.
Unit 3 23 check out check out check-out to leave a hotel after paying your bill What time do we need to check out?
Unit 3 23 cliff cliff scogliera an area of high, steep rocks beside the sea The white cliffs are a famous landmark.
The island lies off the North African coast (=in
Unit 3 23 coast coast costa, litorale the land beside the sea the sea near North Africa).
SHIP/AIRCRA the people who work together on a ship,
Unit 3 23 crew crew equipaggio, personale (on train) FT aircraft, or train a crew member
Unit 3 23 destination destination meta, destinazione the place where someone or something is going Spain is a very popular holiday destination.
to change something by touching it or moving
Unit 3 22 disturb disturb turbare, disturbare CHANGE it from its original position It's important not to disturb natural beauty.
Unit 3 23 domestic domestic domestico, interno, nazionale COUNTRY inside one country and not international a domestic flight
something that makes you believe that
Unit 3 22 evidence evidence prova FACTS something is true or exists evidence of global warming
an organized journey, especially a long one for
Unit 3 22 expedition expedition spedizione a particular purpose Peary led the first expedition to the North Pole.
a boat that regularly carries passengers and
Unit 3 23 ferry ferry traghetto vehicles across an area of water a car/passenger ferry
to write the necessary information on an
Unit 3 24 fill in sth or fill sth in fill in compilare official document to fill in a form/questionnaire
to order someone not to do something, or to
Unit 3 22 forbid forbid proibire say that something must not happen I forbid you to see that boy again.
Their friendship goes back to when they were at
Unit 3 26 EF2 friendship friendship amicizia when two people are friends school together.
to go somewhere to have a holiday, especially
Unit 3 23 get away get away scappare, fuggire, andar via HOLIDAY because you need to rest I just need to get away for a few days.
VEHICLE If a train or other vehicle gets in at a particular
Unit 3 23 get in get in arrivare, essere in arrivo ARRIVING time, that is when it arrives. Our flight's getting in later than expected.
I used weedkiller to get rid of the weeds in the
Unit 3 22 get rid of sth get rid of liberarsi di, eliminare to remove or throw away something unwanted garden.
Unit 3 23 ground ground terra, suolo the surface of the Earth I sat down on the ground.
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an area of water near the coast where ships are
Unit 3 23 harbour harbour porto kept and are safe from the sea The town has a pretty harbour.
If an aircraft lands, it arrives on the ground
after a journey, and if you land it, you make it
Unit 3 23 land land atterrare ARRIVE arrive on the ground. We should land in Madrid at 7 a.m.
an arrival on the ground, usually of an aircraft They had to make an emergency landing in
Unit 3 23 landing landing atterraggio ARRIVAL or boat Chicago.
mettersi in cammino, mettersi in What time are you setting off tomorrow
Unit 3 23 set off set off viaggio, partire to start a journey morning?
to stay at a place for one night or a few nights
on the way to somewhere else or before They're stopping over in Malaysia for a couple
Unit 3 23 stop over stop over fare tappa returning home of nights on the way to Australia.
Unit 3 23 take off take off decollare AIRCRAFT If an aircraft takes off, it begins to fly. We watched the plane taking off.
a building where you can get onto an aircraft,
Unit 3 23 terminal terminal terminale TRANSPORT bus, or ship a terminal building
someone whose job is making travel They booked their holiday through a travel
Unit 3 23 travel agent travel agent agente/agenzia di viaggio arrangements for people agent.
an official mark in your passport (=document
which proves your nationality) that allows you
Unit 3 24 visa visa visto to enter or leave a particular country She went to Miami on a tourist visa.
animals, birds, and plants living in their
Unit 3 RS wildlife wildlife flora e fauna, riserva naturale natural environment a wildlife park
a large boat with sails used for pleasure or in
Unit 3 23 yacht yacht panfilo, yacht races a luxury yacht
Lisa will be acting as manager in Phil's absence
Unit 4 28 absence absence assenza NOT THERE a time when you are not in a particular place (=while Phil is not here).
a bad-tempered person gets angry or annoyed 'Sam's been bad-tempered recently, is
Unit 4 31 bad-tempered bad-tempered irascibile easily something worrying him?'
to keep animals for the purpose of producing
Unit 4 29 breed breed allevare young animals in a controlled way His main income comes from breeding cattle.
Unit 4 29 breeze breeze brezza a gentle wind a cool breeze
Unit 4 29 conservation conservation conversazione PROTECTION the protection of nature wildlife conservation
to prevent harm or damage to animals or
Unit 4 29 conserve conserve proteggere, salvaguardare NOT HARM places This zoo helps to conserve threatened species.
cut down sth or cut sth to make a tree or other plant fall to the ground
Unit 4 28 down cut down abbattere REMOVE by cutting it near the bottom Many trees will be cut down.
We are all responsible for the destruction of the
Unit 4 28 destruction destruction distruzione when something is destroyed forest.
endangered birds/plants/species are animals
or plants which may soon not exist because The bald eagle is no longer an endangered
Unit 4 28 endangered endangered in via d'estinzione there are very few now alive species.
one of the soft, light things that grow from and
Unit 4 31 feather feather piuma cover a bird's skin She prefers a feather pillow.
Unit 4 31 from time to time from time to time talvolta, ogni tanto sometimes, but not often I still see my ex-boyfriend from time to time.
the thick hair that covers the bodies of some
Unit 4 31 fur fur pelo, pelliccia, pelame HAIR animals like cats and rabbits The kittens were covered in soft fur.
when the air around the world becomes Many people blame pollution for global
Unit 4 28 global warming global warming effetto serra warmer because of pollution warming.
Unit 4 31 in time in time in tempo POINT early enough I got home just in time - it's starting to rain.
essere all'altezza di, non venire meno
Unit 4 29 live up to live up to a, tener fede a to be as good as someone hopes Did the trip live up to your expectations?
look forward to to feel happy and excited about something that
Unit 4 33 WF2 sth/doing sth look forward to non vedere l'ora di is going to happen I'm really looking forward to my holiday.
Unit 4 31 one at a time one at a time uno/una alla volta separately Eat them one at a time.
a tropical bird with a curved beak and colourful
feathers that can be taught to copy what people
Unit 4 28 parrot parrot pappagallo say This parrot is mainly found in South America.
Unit 4 31 pass the time pass (the) time far passare il tempo to spend time doing something She was eating only to pass the time.
the foot of certain animals, such as cats and
Unit 4 31 paw paw zampa dogs A thorn was stuck in the dog's paw.
a large, white bear that lives in the North Pole
Unit 4 28 polar bear polar bear orso polare (=most northern part of the Earth) Polar bears can run surprisingly fast.
We need a fuel that won't pollute the
Unit 4 28 pollute pollute inquinare to make water, air, soil, etc. dirty or harmful environment.
something which you buy or keep to remember
Unit 4 29 souvenir souvenir souvenir, ricordo a special event or holiday a souvenir shop
a group of plants or animals which share
Unit 4 28 species species specie similar characteristics a rare species of bird
Unit 4 28 suffer suffer soffrire, patire EXPERIENCE to experience something bad I can't bear to see animals suffering.
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to look after someone by paying for their food,
Unit 4 28 support support mantenere PAY clothes, etc. She has three children to support.
the long, narrow part that sticks out at the back The dog's pleased to see you - he's wagging his
Unit 4 31 tail tail coda ANIMAL of an animal's body tail.
Unit 4 31 times times per, moltiplicato per multiplied by Ten times three is thirty.
Animals are usually happier in the wild than in
Unit 4 29 wild wild ambiente naturale, allo stato brado in the wild' means in a natural environment a zoo.
one of the two parts that a bird or insect uses to
Unit 4 31 wing wing ala CREATURE fly The bird's wings were covered in oil.
Unit 5 34 absolutely absolutely assolutamente completely The food was absolutely delicious.
Unit 5 34 anxious anxious ansioso WORRIED worried and nervous She's very anxious about her exams.
Unit 5 34 astonished astonished stupito, meravigliato very surprised He was astonished at her behaviour.
If the wind blows, it moves and makes currents
Unit 5 36 blow blow soffiare WIND of air. A cool sea breeze was blowing.
calm down(sb) or to stop feeling upset, angry, or excited, or to
Unit 5 36 calm down calm (sb) down) calmarsi make someone stop feeling this way Calm down and tell me what's wrong.
Unit 5 36 come down come down cadere (al suolo) FALL to fall and land on the ground A lot of trees came down in the storm.
Not content with second place, Jeff played only
Unit 5 34 content content contento, soddisfatto happy or satisfied to win.
I'd be absolutely delighted to accept your
Unit 5 34 delighted delighted lietissimo very pleased invitation.
If a vehicle draws up, it arrives somewhere and He drew up outside her house in a yellow sports
Unit 5 36 draw up draw up fermarsi, accostarsi stops. car.
Unit 5 35 end up end up finire to finally be in a particular place or situation I never thought he'd end up in prison.
Unit 5 34 extremely extremely estremamente very, or much more than usual extremely beautiful
I've always been frightened of going to the
Unit 5 34 frightened frightened aver paura di (sth/to do sth) afraid or nervous dentist.
Unit 5 34 furious furious furioso ANGRY extremely angry He's furious at the way he's been treated.
Unit 5 36 grab grab acchiappare, afferrare, agguantare SUDDENLY to take hold of something or someone suddenly He grabbed my arm and pulled me away.
Ben began to get increasingly irritated by/at
Unit 5 34 irritated irritated irritato annoyed her questions.
Unit 5 34 petrified petrified pietrificato extremely frightened I'm petrified of spiders.
Unit 5 36 pour pour piovere a dirotto RAIN to rain, producing a lot of water We can't go out in this weather - it's pouring!
START I just managed to get on the bus before it pulled
Unit 5 36 pull away pull away allontanarsi, muoversi da MOVING If a vehicle pulls away, it starts moving. away.
If a vehicle pulls up, it stops, often for a short A car pulled up outside the bank and two men
Unit 5 36 pull up pull up fermarsi time. got out.
feeling happy because something unpleasant
essere sollevato che/da, sentirsi did not happen or you are not worried about
Unit 5 34 relieved relieved tranquillizzato che/da something any more I'm just relieved that she's safe and well.
pleased because you have got what you wanted,
or because something has happened in the way
Unit 5 34 satisfied satisfied soddisfatto that you wanted Are you satisfied with the new arrangement?
scared/worried I was scared/worried stiff when I heard
Unit 5 34 scared/worried stiff stiff spaventato, preoccupatissimo very frightened or worried someone moving around upstairs.
If you are shaking, your body makes quick
short movements, or you feel as if it is doing so, I was shaking like a leaf/ UK like a jelly (= very
Unit 5 35 shake shake tremare, rabbrividire MOVE because you are frightened or nervous nervous) before my exam.
Unit 5 37 shoot shoot sparare FIRE BULLET to fire a bullet from a gun Don't shoot!
Unit 5 37 steady steady fermo, fisso STILL still and not shaking You need steady hands to be a dentist.
The students looked tense as they waited for
Unit 5 34 tense tense teso FEELING nervous, worried, and not able to relax their exam results.
Unit 5 34 terrified terrified atterrito, terrorizzato very frightened I'm terrified of flying.
Unit 5 34 totally totally totalmente completely They look totally different.
worried because you think something bad
Unit 5 34 uneasy uneasy a disagio, inquieto, ansioso might happen I feel a bit uneasy about her travelling alone.
apparire in (TV…), comparsa,
Unit 6 40 appearance appearance apparizione IN PUBLIC an occasion when someone appears in public a television/public appearance
a reason or reasons why you support or oppose There are many arguments for/against nuclear
Unit 6 41 argument argument discussione, disputa REASON an idea, action, etc. energy.
NOT when a vehicle or machine stops working for a I had a breakdown (= my car stopped working)
Unit 6 42 breakdown breakdown guastarsi, avere un guasto WORKING period of time in the middle of the road.
Unit 6 40 broadcast broadcast trasmettere to send out a programme on television or radio The concert will be broadcast live next week.
People were imprisoned, and, in some cases,
Unit 6 41 case case caso SITUATION a particular situation or example of something killed for their beliefs.
Some people aren't interested in reading about
Unit 6 40 celebrity celebrity celebrità, star a famous person celebrities.
Unit 6 40 contest contest gara, competizione, concorso a competition or election He won the spelling contest.
Unit 6 43 delicate delicate delicato DAMAGE easy to damage or break a delicate china cup
when you are known by many people because She moved to London in search of fame and
Unit 6 40 fame fame fama, notorietà, successo of your achievements, skills, etc. fortune.
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able to use a language naturally without
Unit 6 RS fluent fluent parlare correntemente/fluentemente ABILITY stopping or making mistakes She is fluent in six languages.
CONVERSATI conversation or reports about other people's
Unit 6 41 gossip gossip pettegolezzo ON private lives that might or might not be true an interesting piece of gossip
a line of words printed in large letters as the
title of a story in a newspaper, or the main
points of the news that are broadcast on The news of his death was splashed in headlines
Unit 6 40 headline headline titoli/titolo (di testa) television or radio across all the newspapers.
causing someone to admire or respect you
non essere positivamente colpito, non because of something that you have done or Your mother was clearly not impressed by our
Unit 6 40 impressed impressed avere una buona impressione said behaviour in the restaurant.
Unit 6 40 inspiration inspiration ispirazione an example which people admire She is is an inspiration to us all.
to not go somewhere or near something, or to
prevent someone from going somewhere or
Unit 6 41 keep (sb/sth) away keep away tenersi lontano near something Keep away from the edge of the cliff.
keep down sth or keep NO to stop the number, level, or size of something
Unit 6 41 sth down keep down tenere a bada, contenere, controllare INCREASE from increasing I exercise to keep my weight down.
to make a child stay inside as a punishment, or The doctors decided to keep him in for another
Unit 6 41 keep sb in keep in tenere, trattenere, tenere in/a casa to make someone stay in hospital night.
continuare a (to do st), insistere a/su, to continue to do something, or to do I wish he wouldn't keep on about how much he
Unit 6 41 keep on (doing sth) keep on seguitare something again and again earns.
Unit 6 41 keep to sth keep to mantenersi a, attenersi a PLANS to do what you have promised or planned to do I think we should keep to our original plan.
to move at the same speed as someone or
star dietro, mantenersi al passo con, something that is moving forward so that you She was walking so fast I couldn't keep up with
Unit 6 41 keep up (with sb/sth) keep up tener dietro a SAME SPEED stay level with them her.
to be able to understand or deal with
stare al passo con, mantenersi al UNDERSTAN something that is happening or changing very I feel it's important to keep up with current
Unit 6 41 keep up (with sb/sth) keep up passo con D fast events.
Unit 6 41 living living vivere the money that you earn from your job to earn/make a living
Unit 6 41 look up to sb look up to aver rispetto per to respect and admire someone He really looks up to his father.
a way of making money by selling numbered
tickets to people who then have a chance of
Unit 6 42 lottery lottery lotteria winning a prize if their number is chosen the national lottery
newspapers and magazines, or the people who
Unit 6 41 the press the press la stampa, i giornali write them the local/national press
when you are alone and people cannot see or I hate sharing a bedroom - I never get any
Unit 6 41 privacy privacy privacy, star da soli hear what you are doing privacy.
the advantages and disadvantages of We discussed the pros and cons of buying a
Unit 6 43 the pros and cons pro i pro e contro something bigger house.
relating to a region (=particular area in a
Unit 6 40 regional regional regionale country) a regional dialect/newspaper
something that shocks people because they
Unit 6 41 scandal scandal scandalo think it is morally wrong a sex scandal
effetto sensazionale, impressionare, a lot of excitement, surprise, or interest, or the
Unit 6 41 sensation sensation colpo EXCITEMENT person or event that causes these feelings Their affair caused a sensation.
Unit 6 40 talent talent talento a natural ability to do something She showed an early talent for drawing.
An understandable feeling or action is one that
Unit 6 41 understandable understandable comprensibile you would expect in that particular situation. It's understandable that he's angry.
Unit 7 48 can’t stand sb/sth cant stand non sopportare (informal) to hate someone or something I can't stand people being late.
to shout loudly in order to show your approval The crowd stood up and cheered at the end of
Unit 7 49 cheer cheer applaudire, incitare or to encourage someone the concert.
Unit 7 50 course course campo, pista SPORT an area used for horse races or playing golf a golf course
Unit 7 49 course course corso LESSONS a series of lessons about a particular subject She did a ten-week course in computing.
Unit 7 50 court court campo SPORT an area for playing particular sports a tennis/basketball court
to be involved in the activity of buying and
selling goods and services, or a particular
company that does this, or work you do to earn Our firm does a lot of business with overseas
Unit 7 50 do business (with sb) business trattare, fare affari, operare, lavorare money customers.
Recent discoveries about corruption have done
Unit 7 50 do damage damage danneggiare to cause harm or injury serious damage to the company's reputation.
Unit 7 50 do sb a favour favour fare un favore a (someone), aiutare HELP to do something to help someone Could you do me a favour please?
Unit 7 50 do sth for a living living fare il/la … come lavoro, professione to earn money by doing a job What does he do for a living?
There's no mayonnaise left, so I'm afraid you'll
do without to manage without having someone or just have to do without./Jack's the kind of
Unit 7 50 do without (sb/sth) (sb/sth) fare a meno di (sth) something player we can't do without.
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extreme sports such as bungee jumping and
Unit 7 RS extreme sport extreme sport sport estremo a sport that is very dangerous and exciting snowboarding
HAVE to start having problems that you cannot deal Their relationship fell apart after they moved to
Unit 7 52 EF4 fall apart fall apart andare a/in pezzi PROBLEMS with Detroit.
to suddenly have strong, romantic feelings
Unit 7 52 EF4 fall for sb fall for sb perdere la testa per, innamorarsi di about someone He has really fallen for her.
to argue with someone and stop being friendly Have you and Sam fallen out with each other
Unit 7 52 EF4 fall out (with sb) fall out litigare with them again?
If a plan or agreement falls through, it fails to At the last moment our holidays plans fell
Unit 7 52 EF4 fall through fall through andare a monte, fallire happen. through.
Unit 7 53 field field campo SPORT an area of grass where you can play a sport a football field
the condition of being physically strong and
Unit 7 51 fitness fitness forma (fisica), buona salute HEALTHY healthy physical fitness
Unit 7 50 gym gym palestra BUILDING a building with equipment for doing exercises Nick goes to the gym three times a week.
a sport in which you do physical exercises on
the floor and on different pieces of equipment,
Unit 7 50 gymnastics gymnastics ginnastica often in competitions She goes to a gymnastics class once a week.
Unit 7 48 ice skate ice skate pattinaggio sul ghiaccio to move across ice using ice skates Do you enjoy ice skating?
Unit 7 50 lap lap giro, tappa RACE one journey around a circular race track He's two laps behind the leaders.
something made with a piece of net, for
example for catching fish or insects, or for
Unit 7 53 net net rete OBJECT sports a tennis/basketball net
SPORTS in sports, an advantage given to a team when They won a penalty in the first five minutes of
Unit 7 50 penalty penalty (calcio di) punizione, (calcio di) rigore, ADVANTAGE the opposing team has broken a rule the game.
Unit 7 49 pitch pitch campo SPORT an area of ground where a sport is played a cricket/football pitch
someone who makes sure that players follow
Unit 7 50 referee referee arbitro the rules during a sports game The referee held up a red card.
BAD to do something although something bad might There are more health risks when older women
Unit 7 50 take a risk risk rischio POSSIBILITY happen because of it get pregnant.
to move a boat or move someone in a boat
through the water using oars (=poles with flat They rowed out to an island in the centre of the
Unit 7 48 row row vogare, remare ends) lake.
Unit 7 RS scary scary che mette/fa paura, terrificante frightening a scary place/woman
Unit 7 52 EF4 ski ski sciare to move over snow wearing skis They go skiing every year.
They won 4-0 in front of over 40,000 cheering
Unit 7 50 spectator spectator spettatore someone who watches an event, sport, etc. spectators.
a group of people who play a sport or game
Unit 7 48 team team squadra, team SPORT together against another group of players a basketball/football team
Unit 7 48 track track pista RACE a path, often circular, used for races a race track
to have an influence on someone or something, I was deeply affected by the film (= It caused
Unit 8 57 affect affect colpire, essere affetto da INFLUENCE or to cause them to change strong feelings in me).
If you are accustomed to something, you have
be accustomed to experienced it often enough for it to seem She isn't accustomed to dealing with so much
Unit 8 56 sth/doing sth accustomed essere abituato a normal to you. media attention.
Unit 8 54 be friends with friend essere amico di to know and like someone I have been friends with Jo for years.
Unit 8 54 confident confident sicuro ABILITY certain about your ability to do things well a confident grin
NOT saying that someone or something is bad or
Unit 8 54 critical critical critico PLEASED wrong a critical report
to think that someone or something is bad or
Unit 8 54 disapprove disapprove disapprovare wrong Her family disapproved of the marriage.
(UK) If two or more people get on, they like I never knew that Karen didn't get on with
Unit 8 57 get on (with sb) get on andare d'accordo con each other and are friendly to each other. Sue./We have always got on well.
Unit 8 54 housework housework lavori di casa/domestici the work that you do to keep your house clean I can't stand doing housework.
Unit 8 56 keep/break a promise promise mantenere/rompere una promessa CERTAINLY to do/not do what you said that you would do Please don't break your promise!
Unit 8 54 keep a secret secret mantenere un segreto to not tell anyone a secret that you know Can you keep a secret?
tenere sveglio (someone), tenersi
Unit 8 56 keep sb awake awake sveglio, stare sveglio to prevent someone from sleeping I drink a lot of coffee to keep me awake.
Unit 8 54 kid kid bambino CHILD a child or young person school kids
She made a fortune selling her story to the
Unit 8 56 make a fortune make a fortune fare fortuna to make a lot of money newspapers.
Unit 8 57 make friends (with sb) make friends with stringere amicizie, farsi degli amici to begin to know and like someone He's shy and finds it difficult to make friends.
Unit 8 56 mood mood umore FEELING the way someone feels at a particular time to be in a good/bad mood
Unit 8 54 neighbourhood neighbourhood vicinato an area of a town or city that people live in I grew up in a very poor neighbourhood.
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feeling very pleased about something you have
done, something you own, or someone you
Unit 8 54 proud proud orgoglioso PLEASED know She was so proud of her son.
Unit 8 55 selfish selfish egoista, egoistico caring only about yourself and not other people It's very selfish of him.
Unit 8 54 sensible sensible sensato, assennato, saggio JUDGMENT showing good judgment a sensible decision
AT SAME to have or use something at the same time as
Unit 8 54 share share condividere, dividere TIME someone else She shares a house with Paul.
Unit 8 54 storey storey piano a level of a building a three-storey house
Unit 8 54 struggle struggle far fatica a (to do sth), lottare contro TRY to try very hard to do something difficult He's struggling to pay off his debts.
Unit 8 56 etc. taste avere un sapore buono/cattivo/dolce…, FOOD/DRINK to have a particular flavour This cake tastes good!
SOMETHING to agree that you did something bad, or that
Unit 9 63 admit admit ammettere BAD something bad is true Both men admitted taking illegal drugs.
to tell people about a product or service, for
example in newspapers or on television, in Companies are not allowed to advertise
Unit 9 60 advertise advertise reclamizzare TRY TO SELL order to persuade them to buy it cigarettes on television any more.
Unit 9 60 brand brand marca PRODUCT a product that is made by a particular company Which brand of toothpaste do you use?
Unit 9 61 budget budget budget, preventivo spese AMOUNT the amount of money you have for something an annual budget of £30 million
Unit 9 61 character character personaggio STORY a person in a book, film, etc. a cartoon character
Unit 9 61 commercial commercial spot pubblicitario an advertisement on the radio or television a TV commercial
Unit 9 60 deadline deadline termine ultimo, scadenza a time by which something must be done to meet/miss a deadline
FEEL to feel uncertain about something or think that
Unit 9 63 doubt doubt dubitare UNCERTAIN something is not probable I doubt that I'll get the job.
Unit 9 62 dramatic dramatic emozionante, spettacolare EXCITING full of action and excitement a dramatic rescue
This book has all the elements of a good
Unit 9 62 element element elemento PART a part of something detective story.
Unit 9 62 ending ending finale END the last part of a story or film I hope this film has a happy ending.
Unit 9 61 huge huge enorme, ingente extremely large a huge house
They haven't yet decided on the location of the
Unit 9 61 location location luogo, posto, ubicazione a place or position new store.
Unit 9 61 message message messaggio, idea, significato IDEA the most important idea of a film, book, etc. The book conveys a complex message.
Narrow things measure a small distance from
Unit 9 61 narrow narrow stretto NOT WIDE one side to the other. a narrow lane/street
Unit 9 62 personality personality personalità FAMOUS a famous person a well-known TV personality
Unit 9 62 powerful powerful potente, efficace, influente EFFECT having a strong effect on people a powerful effect/influence
ORGANIZING when someone controls how a film, play,
Unit 9 62 production production produzione FILM/PLAY programme, or musical recording is made She wants a career in TV production.
Unit 9 63 reckon reckon credere, pensare, considerare THINK to think that something is probably true I reckon he likes her.
the place where something is or where
something happens, often in a book, play, or The house provided the setting for the TV series
Unit 9 62 setting setting ambientazione, scenario, sfondo PLACE film 'Pride and Prejudice'.
Unit 9 61 shallow shallow poco profondo, basso, superficiale NOT DEEP not deep shallow water
to emphasize something in order to show that
Unit 9 63 stress stress accentuare, porre in rilievo EMPHASIZE it is important I stressed that this was our policy.
Unit 9 61 view view punto di vista, cosa ne pensi, opinione OPINION your opinion We have different views about/on education.
The decorations were absolutely beautiful and
used to add something surprising or what's more, the children had made them
Unit 9 63 what's more what in più, inoltre, oltretutto interesting to what you have just said themselves.
OPPORTUNIT when you have the right or opportunity to use
Unit 10 66 access access accesso Y or see something I don't have access to that kind of information.
Unit 10 66 achievement achievement traguardo, raggiungimento, compimento GOOD THING something good that you achieve This film is his greatest achievement to date.
At first I thought she was unfriendly, but
Unit 10 69 at first at first di primo acchito, all'inizio at the beginning of a situation or period of time actually she is just shy.
At last, I've found a pair of jeans that actually
Unit 10 69 at last at last finalmente finally fit.
Unit 10 69 at least at least almeno as much as, or more than, a number or amount You'll have to wait at least an hour.
Unit 10 69 at once at once subito, tutto d'un tratto immediately I knew at once that I would like it here.
Unit 10 69 at peace at peace in pace not fighting, not at war Now she is at peace and her suffering is over.
Unit 10 69 at present at present attualmente, al momento now At present she's working abroad.
Your father was a very troubled man, but he's
Unit 10 69 at rest at rest a riposo STOP not doing anything active, not moving at rest now.
when there is fighting between two or more
countries, or two or more groups inside a
Unit 10 69 at war at war in guerra country They've been at war for the last five years.
Unit 10 66 commercial commercial commerciale BUY/SELL relating to buying and selling things a commercial organization/venture/success
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Unit 10 66 concept concept concetto an idea or principle the concept of free speech
Unit 10 66 decade decade decennio a period of ten years She has been working for the last six decades.
an organized journey, especially a long one for
Unit 10 66 expedition expedition spedizione a particular purpose Peary led the first expedition to the North Pole.
Unit 10 67 illegal illegal illegale not allowed by law illegal drugs/weapons
Unit 10 67 immoral immoral immorale morally wrong immoral behaviour
EASILY easily annoyed by someone's mistakes or I do get impatient with the children when they
Unit 10 67 impatient impatient impaziente ANNOYED because you have to wait won't do their homework.
non appropriato, inadeguato, fuori
Unit 10 67 innappropriate innappropriate luogo, inadatto, improprio, inopportuno unsuitable for a particular situation or person
without much experience or knowledge of
Unit 10 67 inexperienced inexperienced senza esperienza, inesperto something Kennedy was young and inexperienced.
Irregular actions or events happen with a
Unit 10 67 irregular irregular irregolare TIME different amount of time between each one. an irregular heartbeat
not thinking about the possible bad results of
Unit 10 67 irresponsible irresponsible irresponsabile what you are doing an irresponsible attitude
There's an urgent need for more medical
Unit 10 66 need need bisogno, necessità something that is necessary to have or do supplies.
Unit 10 66 proposal proposal proposta PLAN a suggestion for a plan a proposal to raise taxes
They knew who had stolen the money, but they
Unit 10 66 prove prove provare, dimostrare to show that something is true couldn't prove it.
Unit 10 66 rocket rocket razzo, missile VEHICLE a tube-shaped vehicle for travelling in space Scientists are designing a new type of rocket.
relating to science, or using the organized
Unit 10 67 scientific scientific scientifico methods of science scientific experiments/research
These measures will save a significant amount
Unit 10 66 significant significant considerevole, notevole, significativo important or noticeable of money.
Unit 10 67 solution solution soluzione ANSWER the answer to a problem There's no easy solution to this problem.
Unit 10 66 space space spazio EARTH the area outside the Earth They plan to send another satellite into space.
to give money to someone to support an
activity, event, or organization, sometimes as a
Unit 10 66 sponsor sponsor sponsorizzare way to advertise your company or product The event is sponsored by First National Bank.
someone who supports a particular idea,
Unit 10 66 supporter supporter sostenitore IDEA group, or person a strong supporter of the government
knowledge, equipment, and methods that are
Unit 10 66 technology technology tecnologia used in science and industry computer technology
behaving in an angry and violent way towards
Unit 11 74 aggressive aggressive aggressivo ANGRY another person He was drunk and aggressive.
If you blush, your face becomes red, especially
Unit 11 75 blush blush arrossire because you are embarrassed. He blushed with shame.
Unit 11 74 bossy bossy prepotente always telling other people what to do Don't be so bossy!
a typical or obvious quality that makes one
Unit 11 73 characteristic characteristic caratteristica person or thing different from others a national characteristic
Unit 11 74 cheerful cheerful allegro, di buon umore PERSON happy I'm not feeling very cheerful today.
wanting to win or to be more successful than
Unit 11 74 competitive competitive competitivo PERSON other people She's very competitive.
LESS to make someone less confident or enthusiastic
Unit 11 72 discourage discourage scoraggiare CONFIDENT about something I didn't mean to discourage her.
Unit 11 72 identical identical identico exactly the same The two rooms were almost/virtually identical.
Unit 11 72 identity identity identità PERSON who someone is They promised to keep her identity secret.
EASILY easily annoyed by someone's mistakes or I do get impatient with the children when they
Unit 11 74 impatient impatient impaziente ANNOYED because you have to wait won't do their homework.
upset and angry because someone you love
Unit 11 74 jealous jealous geloso LOVE seems too interested in another person a jealous husband
Someone who is lazy does not like working or
Unit 11 74 lazy lazy pigro WORK using any effort. You lazy thing!
always liking and supporting someone or
something, sometimes when other people do
Unit 11 74 loyal loyal fedele, devoto not a loyal supporter
Unit 11 73 only child only child figlio unico, figlia unica someone who has no brothers or sisters He enjoys being an only child.
Unit 11 74 optimistic optimistic ottimista, ottimistico always believing that good things will happen We're optimistic about our chances of success.
Unit 11 72 resemble resemble assomigliare a, somigliare a to look like or be like someone or something She resembles her father.
when two things or people are similar, or a way There are a number of similarities between the
Unit 11 72 similarity similarity somiglianza, rassomiglianza in which they are similar two systems.
determined not to change your ideas, plans, If he doesn't want to do something he can be
Unit 11 74 stubborn stubborn testardo, ostinato, cocciuto etc., although other people want you to very stubborn.
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Britain's tax system takes no account of
Unit 11 74 take account of account tenere in considerazione to consider something when judging a situation children.
Unit 11 72 take after sb take after sb assomigliare a, somigliare a to be similar to an older member of your family Peter's very tall - he takes after his father.
prendere in mano la situazione, to take control of or make yourself responsible I was happy to let her take charge of paying all
Unit 11 74 take charge take charge incaricarsi di, assumere il controllo di for something the bills.
to not show that you are grateful for someone
or something, and forget that you are lucky to
Unit 11 74 take for granted take for granted dare per scontato have them Most of us take our freedom for granted.
Unit 11 74 take off take off decollare, prendere il via L to suddenly become successful Her career had just taken off.
take out sth or take sth
Unit 11 74 out take out tirare fuori to remove something from somewhere He reached into his bag and took out a book.
to believe that someone or something is
prendere (someone, sth) seriamente, important and that you should pay attention to The police have to take any terrorist threat
Unit 11 74 take sb/sth seriously seriously sul serio them seriously.
If two or more people take turns, one person
does something, then another person does
Unit 11 72 take turns take turns a turno, fare a turno something, etc. They all took turns carrying the suitcase.
one of two children who are born to the same
Unit 11 73 twin twin gemello mother at the same time She is expecting twins.
Unit 11 74 unpopular unpopular sgradito, impopolare disliked by most people an unpopular idea
Unit 11 74 unreliable unreliable inaffidabile not able to be trusted or depended on an unreliable witness
Unit 11 74 witty witty spiritoso, brillante using words in a funny and clever way a witty comment
Unit 12 81 attic attic mansarda a room at the top of a house under the roof They keep old furniture in the attic.
(US) a metal structure on wheels that is used
Unit 12 79 cart cart carrello SHOP for carrying things Put your shopping in the cart.
to have an opinion after considering all the I've come to the conclusion that we'll have to sell
Unit 12 79 come to a conclusion conclusion giungere alla conclusione che information about something the car.
make a choice about something after thinking The committee should come to/reach a final
Unit 12 81 come to a decision decision prendere una decisione about several possibilities decision by next week.
SATISFACTO when someone says that something is wrong or
Unit 12 78 complaint complaint reclamo, esposto, lamentela RY not satisfactory a letter of complaint
plates, cups, and other dishes, especially those Remains of Roman crockery were found at the
Unit 12 80 crockery crockery stoviglie, terraglie made from clay site.
Crunchy food is hard and makes a noise when
Unit 12 79 crunchy crunchy croccante you eat it. crunchy green apples
Unit 12 80 cutlery cutlery posate, posateria knives, forks, and spoons Please help yourself to cutlery.
to design or invent something such as a system, He's good at devising language games that you
Unit 12 79 devise devise escogitare, progettare, inventare plan, or piece of equipment can play with students in class.
DO THE to do something that has already been done, in
Unit 12 79 duplicate duplicate ripetere, duplicare SAME exactly the same way Ajax hope to duplicate last year's success.
Unit 12 81 fall asleep fall asleep addormentarsi to start sleeping He fell asleep in front of the TV.
Sophia fell ill/was taken ill (= became ill) while
Unit 12 81 fall ill ill ammalarsi to become unwell on holiday.
to be very attracted to someone and begin to
Unit 12 81 fall in love fall in love innamorarsi love them They met and fell madly in love.
(informal) annoyed or bored by something that
Unit 12 79 fed up fed up stufo you have experienced for too long I'm fed up with my job.
MAKE to do something that is expected, hoped for or A school fails if it does not fulfil the
Unit 12 79 fulfil fulfil soddisfare, esaudire HAPPEN promised or to cause it to happen needs/requirements of its pupils.
spesa, generi alimentari, roba da goods bought to be used in the home such as
Unit 12 78 groceries groceries mangiare (informal) food and cleaning products Can you help me to carry these groceries?
a disease in a part of your body that is caused
Unit 12 79 infection infection infezione by bacteria or a virus an ear/throat infection
Unit 12 81 inventor inventor inventore someone who designs and makes new things He wants to be an inventor.
to make a joke about someone or something in The other children at school used to make fun of
Unit 12 78 make fun of fun prendere in giro (someone) an unkind way his hair.
to study a subject in detail in order to discover He spent several years researching a rare
Unit 12 79 research research fare ricerche, studiare new information about it African dialect.
an activity or a set of actions that are always
done in the same way or at the same time, Coffee and the paper are part of my morning
Unit 12 79 ritual ritual rituale sometimes as part of a religion ritual.
Unit 12 79 soggy soggy bagnato fradicio, inzuppato, zuppo very wet and soft soggy ground
Unit 12 79 stale stale stantio, vecchio OLD old and not fresh stale bread
to become joined to something else or to make
something become joined to something else, Anne stuck a picture of her boyfriend on the
Unit 12 79 stick stick attaccare, incollare JOIN usually with a substance like glue wall.
Unit 12 78 substance substance sostanza MATERIAL a solid, liquid, or gas a dangerous substance
a feeling or belief that someone has done I had a sneaking suspicion that the two events
Unit 12 80 suspicion suspicion sospetto something wrong might be connected.
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He's against the idea, but I think I can talk him
Unit 12 80 talk sb into (doing) sth talk sb into persuadere a (to do sth), attirare to persuade someone to do something into it.
to be able to see the difference between two As babies, the twins were so alike that I just
Unit 12 81 tell sb/sth apart tell apart distinguere very similar things or people couldn't tell them apart.
Unit 12 81 tell a lie tell a lie dire bugie to say something/things that are not true She's always telling lies.
DESCRIPTIO to entertain people with a description of a
Unit 12 81 tell a story tell a story raccontare una storia/ fiaba N series of real or imaginary events Tell us a story, Mum.
to change something completely, usually to Within weeks they had transformed the area
Unit 12 79 transform transform trasformare improve it into a beautiful garden.
Unit 13 86 accuse accuse accusare to say that someone has done something bad He was falsely accused of murder.
CAUSE to influence someone or something, or cause
Unit 13 88 affect affect colpire, essere affetto da CHANGE them to change It's a disease which affects many older people.
Unit 13 88 ambition ambition ambizione HOPE something you want to achieve in your life My ambition is to retire at forty.
apologise (UK) / to tell someone that you are sorry about
Unit 13 88 apologize apologize scusarsi something you have done The pilot apologized to passengers for the delay.
to say that something is true, although you
Unit 13 88 claim claim asserire, dichiarare, sostenere SAY have not proved it She claimed that the dog attacked her.
to say that something is not true, especially
Unit 13 88 deny deny negare NOT TRUE something that you are accused of He never denied that he said those things.
educate: educare, istruire; educated:
Unit 13 88 educate educate studiare, fare gli studi TEACH to teach someone at a school or college She was educated at the Perse School.
Someone who is educated has learned a lot at
school or university and has a good level of
Unit 13 89 educated educated colto, istruito knowledge. an educated young woman
Reducing the size of classes may improve
Unit 13 88 educational educational didattico providing education or relating to education educational standards.
You've got to face up to the truth sometime -
Unit 13 89 face up to face up to accettare to accept that a difficult situation exists he'll never marry you.
Unit 13 86 feel feel credere che, pensare che OPINION to think something or have an opinion I feel that he's the best person for the job.
to say firmly that something is true, especially Mia insisted that she and Carlo were just
Unit 13 88 insist insist insistere SAY when other people do not believe you friends.
to briefly speak or write about something or
Unit 13 86 mention mention menzionare, citare someone I'll mention your ideas to Caroline.
a situation in which it is possible for you to do
Unit 13 87 opportunity opportunity opportunità CHANCE something, or a possibility of doing something opportunities for young graduates
The company's performance was poor for the
Unit 13 88 performance performance rendimento SUCCESS how successful someone or something is first two years.
Unit 13 87 position position posto (di lavoro), impiego JOB a job to apply for a position in a company
DEVELOPME development and improvement of skills,
Unit 13 89 progress progress progresso NT knowledge, etc. slow/rapid progress
to say that you will certainly do something or
Unit 13 88 promise promise promettere SAY that something will certainly happen She promised to write to me every week.
an official record showing that you have Do you have any
finished a training course or have the necessary teaching/legal/medical/secretarial/academic
Unit 13 87 qualification qualification qualifica, titolo di studio skills, etc. qualifications?
Unit 13 88 refuse refuse rifiutare, rifiutarsi to say that you will not do or accept something I asked him to leave but he refused.
related or useful to what is happening or being
Unit 13 87 relevant relevant relativo talked about relevant information
a level of quality, especially a level that is
Unit 13 87 standard standard standard, livello QUALITY acceptable high moral standards
Unit 13 88 urge urge esortare, raccomandare vivamente to strongly advise an action Financial experts are urging caution.
to advise someone not to do something that
Unit 13 88 warn warn avvertire ADVISE could cause danger or trouble I warned you not to tell her.
to want a situation that is different from the
Unit 13 86 wish wish vorrei che (conditional) WANT one that exists I wish I had been there.
I'm trying to be more adventurous with my
Unit 14 92 adventurous adventurous avventuroso NEW THINGS willing to try new and often difficult things cooking.
Unit 14 93 above all above all soprattutto, più di tutto more than anything Above all, I'd like to thank everyone.
Unit 14 93 all along all along per tutto il tempo, da sempre from the beginning of a period of time I said all along that it was a mistake.
Unit 14 93 all in all all in all tutto sommato, tutto considerato considering everything All in all, I think she did well.
Unit 14 93 all of a sudden all of a sudden all'improvviso unexpectedly All of a sudden she got up and walked out.
Unit 14 93 at all at all per nulla, per niente, affatto in any way He hasn't changed at all.
a person's education, family, and experience of
Unit 14 92 background background ambiente, origine familiare PERSON life She came from a middle-class background.
a job that you do for a long period of your life
and that gives you the chance to move to a
Unit 14 92 career career carriera JOB higher position and earn more money a successful career in marketing
Page 11 of 20
when you are willing to give your time and We are looking for someone with talent,
Unit 14 95 commitment commitment impegno LOYALTY energy to something that you believe in enthusiasm, and commitment.
Unit 14 92 concerned concerned interessato WORRIED involved in something or affected by it A letter will be sent out to everyone concerned.
not honest and likely to lie or do something
Unit 14 93 dishonest dishonest disonesto, sleale illegal I think it was dishonest of him to keep quiet.
Unit 14 93 disorganised disorganized disorganizzato EVENT not planned or organised well The competition was completely disorganized.
Unit 14 93 dissatisfied dissatisfied insoddisfatto not pleased or happy with something a dissatisfied customer
a person or company that pays people to work
Unit 14 92 employer employer datore di lavoro for them They pride themselves on being fair employers.
when you feel very interested in something and She has always had a lot of enthusiasm for her
Unit 14 95 enthusiasm enthusiasm entusiasmo would very much like to be involved in it work.
Unit 14 95 enthusiastic enthusiastic entusiasta, entusiastico showing enthusiasm enthusiastic support
ABLE TO able to change or be changed easily according
Unit 14 92 flexible flexible flessibile CHANGE to the situation I'd like a job with more flexible working hours.
essere licenziato per esubero di NOT not working because your employer has told Eight thousand people have been made
Unit 14 92 redundant redundant personale WORKING you there is not enough work redundant in Britain this year.
something that it is your job or duty to deal The head of the department has various
Unit 14 93 responsibility responsibility responsabilità with additional responsibilities.
Unit 14 93 responsible responsible responsabile JOB showing good judgment and able to be trusted a hard-working and responsible employee
REGULAR the things you regularly do and how and when
Unit 14 92 routine routine routine ACTIVITY you do them a daily routine
Unit 14 92 secure secure sicuro SAFE safe from danger I don't feel that the house is secure.
Unit 14 92 self-confident self-confident sicuro di sé, aver fiducia in se stessi feeling sure about yourself and your abilities You need to be self-confident in interviews.
Unit 14 92 support support sostegno, supporto HELP help or encouragement emotional/financial support
Unit 14 92 uncertain uncertain incerto SITUATION not known, or not completely certain The museum faces an uncertain future.
money that the government gives to people He's been claiming unemployment benefit for
Unit 14 95 unemployment benefit benefit sussidio di disoccupazione who don't have a job and are looking for a job years.
Unit 14 93 unsuccessful unsuccessful fallito, mal riuscito, senza successo not achieving what was wanted or intended an unsuccessful attempt/effort
Information such as this is freely accessible to
Unit 15 RS accessible accessible accessibile FIND easy to find or reach the public.
a place where alcoholic drinks are sold and
drunk, or the area behind the person serving
Unit 15 101 bar bar bar DRINKING the drinks I met him in a bar in Soho.
an artificial river built for boats to travel along
Unit 15 98 canal canal canale or to take water where it is needed a canal boat
There was a loud clap of thunder and then it
Unit 15 101 clap clap applauso a sudden loud noise made by thunder started to pour with rain.
Unit 15 101 consist of sth consist of fatto di (sth) / consiste in (sth) to be formed or made from two or more things a dessert consisting of fruit and cream
a strong wall built across a river to stop the The Aswan High Dam is on the River Nile in
Unit 15 98 dam dam diga, argine, sbarramento water and make a lake Egypt.
Unit 15 99 economical economical economico not using a lot of money, fuel, etc. I need a car that's economical and reliable.
the air, water and land in or on which people, We are working in a very competitive
Unit 15 99 environment environment ambiente animals and plants live environment.
Unit 15 99 friendly friendly ecologico, non nocivo per l'ambiente not harmful to the environment environmentally-friendly washing powder
Unit 15 101 flash flash lampo, sprazzo LIGHT a sudden bright light The bomb exploded in a flash of yellow light.
when a lot of water covers an area that is
usually dry, especially when a river becomes
Unit 15 98 flood flood alluvione, inondazione WATER too full The flood destroyed thousands of homes.
fuels such as gas, coal and oil, which were
formed underground from plant and animal We need to find sources of energy other than
Unit 15 99 fossil fuel fuel combustibile (fossile) remains millions of years ago fossil fuels.
a family or group of people who live together in
Unit 15 99 household household casa, famiglia, unità famigliare a house Many households own more than one television.
a large area of water which has land all around
Unit 15 98 lake lake lago it to go boating on the lake
a sudden flash of light in the sky during a
Unit 15 100 lightning lightning lampo/lampi storm thunder and lightning
pieces of paper and other waste that are left in
Unit 15 99 litter litter immondizia, cartaccia WASTE public places Please take your litter home.
Unit 15 101 pane pane vetro, lastra di vetro a flat piece of glass in a window or door The window panes were covered in dust.
a small area of water, especially one that has
Unit 15 98 pond pond stagno been made artificially in a park or garden There are lots of frogs in our pond.
a part of a river where the water moves very They shot (= travelled through) the rapids in a
Unit 15 98 rapids rapids rapide fast canoe.
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to put used paper, glass, plastic, etc. through a
Unit 15 99 recycle recycle riciclare process so that it can be used again We recycle all our newspapers and bottles.
an artificial lake where water is stored before it
Unit 15 98 reservoir reservoir cisterna, bacino di riserva, serbatoio goes to people's houses There's a cycle path around the reservoir.
a long, natural area of water that flows across
Unit 15 98 river river fiume the land and into a sea, lake, or another river the River Thames
the roads or paths you follow to get from one
Unit 15 RS route route via, rotta, cammino ROADS place to another place an escape route
things that you throw away because you do not
Unit 15 99 rubbish rubbish spazzatura, immondizia WASTE want them Our rubbish gets collected on Thursdays.
If something is second-hand, someone else
Unit 15 99 second-hand second-hand usato, di seconda mano owned or used it before you. second-hand books/clothes
a flat piece of food that has been cut from a
Unit 15 101 slice slice fetta larger piece a slice of bread/cake/meat
very bad weather with a lot of rain, snow, wind,
Unit 15 100 storm storm tempesta, temporale, bufera etc. a snow/thunder storm
There's a lovely stream that flows through their
Unit 15 98 stream stream ruscello a small river garden.
Unit 15 RS tackle tackle affrontare, placcare DEAL WITH to try to deal with a problem new ways to tackle crime
Traffic is heavy (=there are a lot of cars, etc) in
Unit 15 100 traffic traffic traffico CARS ETC the cars, trucks, etc using a road both directions.
The railway track will have to be cleared of
Unit 15 RS vegetation vegetation vegetazione plants and trees vegetation if it is to be used again.
a stream of water that flows from a high place,
Unit 15 98 waterfall waterfall cascata often to a pool below It is a big waterfall that you can walk behind.
The idea of not having to get up early every
Unit 16 104 appealing appealing attraente, interessante attractive or interesting morning is rather appealing (to me).
Unit 16 105 appetite appetite appetito the feeling that makes you want to eat All that walking has given me an appetite.
having a strong, sharp, usually unpleasant
Unit 16 105 bitter bitter amaro TASTE taste This coffee tastes very bitter.
Unit 16 105 canned canned in scatola Canned food is sold in metal containers. canned fruit/tomatoes
EAT OR He consumes vast quantities of chips with every
Unit 16 104 consume consume consumare DRINK (formal) to eat or drink something meal.
Unit 16 104 consumer consumer consumatore DRINK someone who eats or drinks something These price cuts are good news for consumers.
Unit 16 105 dairy dairy latticino / latticini relating to milk or products made using milk dairy products
(usually plural) a piece of information that has The findings of this research will be published
Unit 16 104 finding finding risultati, scoperta, verdetto been discovered as a result of an official study next year.
Unit 16 104 fizzy fizzy frizzante A fizzy drink has lots of bubbles of gas in it. She hates fizzy drinks.
WITHOUT If a drink is flat, it does not contain enough
Unit 16 104 flat flat senza effervescenza, sgasato GAS bubbles of gas. This cola tastes flat.
Unit 16 104 flavour flavour gusto TASTE the taste of a particular type of food or drink We sell 50 different flavours of ice cream.
Unit 16 RS grill grill cucinare ai ferri, arrostire COOK to cook food using direct heat Grill the fish for 2 to 3 minutes on each side.
to affect or change how someone or something
Unit 16 104 influence influence influenzare develops, behaves, or thinks Many factors influence a film's success.
Unit 16 105 juicy juicy succoso FOOD full of juice juicy apples
If something melts, it changes from a solid into
BECOME a liquid because of heat and if you melt
Unit 16 105 melt melt sciogliersi LIQUID something, you heat it until it becomes liquid. The sun soon melted the ice on the pond.
Unit 16 105 mild mild leggero, blando WEAK not having a strong effect a mild taste
the paper, box, etc. that something is inside so
Unit 16 104 packaging packaging imballaggio, confezione, involucro that it can be sold or sent somewhere All of our packaging can be recycled.
The United States government rejected the
Unit 16 RS reject reject respingere, rigettare NOT ACCEPT to refuse to accept or agree with something proposal.
nutriente, sostanzioso, molto condito Rich food has a lot of butter, cream, or eggs in
Unit 16 105 rich rich (di cibo), generoso (of wine) FOOD it. a rich sauce
Unit 16 104 ripe ripe maturo developed enough and ready to be eaten ripe bananas
Rotten vegetable or animal substances are
Unit 16 105 rotten rotten marcio, putrefatto DECAYING decaying. rotten eggs
NATURAL one of the five natural abilities of sight,
Unit 16 105 sense sense senso ABILITY hearing, touch, smell, and taste I have a very poor sense of smell.
Unit 16 105 texture texture consistenza the way that something feels when you touch it wood with a rough texture
The project will take a huge amount of time and
Unit 17 113 amount amount quantità how much there is of something money.
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something that is difficult and that tests Finding a decision that pleases everyone is the
Unit 17 113 challenge challenge sfida DIFFICULT someone's ability or determination challenge which now faces the committee.
someone who collects objects because they are
Unit 17 110 collector collector collezionista HOBBY interesting or beautiful a collector of modern art
a group of objects of the same type that have
Unit 17 113 collection collection collezione OBJECTS been collected by one person or in one place a private art collection
My bike's a few years old but it's in really good
Unit 17 111 condition condition condizione STATE the state that something or someone is in condition.
Unit 17 113 delightful delightful delizioso, dilettevole, molto piacevole very pleasant, attractive, or enjoyable We had a delightful evening.
Unit 17 113 elegant elegant elegante stylish or attractive in appearance or behaviour an elegant dining room
Unit 17 113 exceptional exceptional d'eccezione, straordinario, eccezionale GOOD extremely good an exceptional student
the first of two people or things that have just
Unit 17 RS the former the former il primo / la prima been talked about Of the two suggestions, I prefer the former.
il secondo / la seconda, quest'ultimo / the second of two people or things that have She offered me more money or a car, and I
Unit 17 RS the latter the latter quest'ultima just been talked about chose the latter.
to take care of or be in charge of someone or We look after the neighbours' cat while they're
Unit 17 110 look after sb/sth look after prendersi cura di, accudire something away.
If someone, usually an expert, looks at
Unit 17 111 look at sth look at esaminare, valutare EXAMINE something, they examine it. Management is looking at ways of cutting costs.
Unit 17 111 look for sth/sb look for cercare to try to find someone or something I'm looking for my keys.
to examine the facts about a problem or We're looking into the possibility of merging the
Unit 17 111 look into sth look into valutare situation two departments.
They liked the look of the hotel, but it was too
Unit 17 111 the look of the look of l'aspetto di the appearance of someone or something expensive.
Unit 17 111 Look out! Look out! Stai attento!, Attenzione! something you say when someone is in danger Look out - there's a car coming!
Unit 17 113 massive massive imponente, massiccio very big a massive building
John has an amazing memory for historical
Unit 17 113 memory memory memoria ABILITY your ability to remember facts.
someone or something that you think about all
Unit 17 113 obsession obsession ossessione the time an unhealthy obsession with death
an extreme interest in or wish for doing Anton has a consuming passion for science
Unit 17 112 passion (for sth) passion passione per (sth) something, such as a hobby, activity, etc. fiction.
eccezionale, straordinario, very unusual or noticeable in a way that you
Unit 17 113 remarkable remarkable sorprendente, notevole admire a remarkable woman
Unit 17 113 scale scale portata, proporzioni, dimensioni SIZE the size or level of something We don't yet know the scale of the problem.
Unit 17 113 substantial substantial notevole, importante, sostanziale AMOUNT large in amount a substantial amount of money/time
Scientists have developed a new technique for
Unit 17 111 technique technique tecnica a particular or special way of doing something taking blood samples.
Unit 17 113 vast vast ingente, vasto, ampio extremely big a vast amount of money
one of two or more things that you can choose
Unit 18 118 alternative alternative alternativa between It's a low-fat alternative to butter.
the story of a person's life written by another She's written a biography of Mary Queen of
Unit 18 118 biography biography biografia person Scots.
He came across some of his old love letters in
Unit 18 117 come across sth come across sth trovare per caso, imbattersi in to find something by chance his wife's drawer.
BECOME If a book, record, film, etc. comes out, it
Unit 18 119 come out come out uscire AVAILABLE becomes available for people to buy or see. When does their new album come out?
She's come up with some amazing scheme to
Unit 18 117 come up with sth come up with venirsene fuori con (sth) to suggest or think of an idea or plan double her income.
a film or television programme that gives facts a TV documentary about the Russian
Unit 18 118 documentary documentary documentario about a real situation or real people Revolution
Unit 18 118 effective effective efficace RESULT successful or achieving the result that you want effective management
a particular part of a book, poem, etc. that is
chosen so that it can be used in a discussion, The teacher read out an extract from 'Brave
Unit 18 116 extract extract estratto, brano WRITING article, etc. New World'.
Unit 18 118 form form forma TYPE a type of something or way of doing something Swimming is the best form of exercise.
We have permission to go ahead with the
Unit 18 117 go ahead go ahead procedere, andare avanti START to start to do something project.
Unit 18 117 go by go by trascorrere, passare TIME If time goes by, it passes. The days went by really slowly.
to stop liking or being interested in someone or I went off beefburgers after I got food poisoning
Unit 18 117 go off sb/sth go off sb/sth non piacere più something from a take-away.
Unit 18 117 go through go through attraversare to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation I've been going through a bad patch recently.
Unit 18 117 go up go up aumentare INCREASE to become higher in level House prices keep going up.
PRESS YOUR to press your hand or a cloth on a surface and
Unit 18 116 rub rub strofinare, fregare, frizionare HANDS move it backwards and forwards She rubbed her hands together to warm them.
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stories about life in the future or in other parts
Unit 18 118 science fiction science fiction fantascienza of the universe Do you enjoy reading science fiction?
Unit 18 116 sight sight scena, vista AREA SEEN the area that it is possible for you to see Eventually he disappeared from sight.
Unit 18 116 strength strength forza STRONG when someone or something is strong upper-body strength
Unit 18 116 surface surface superficie TOP the top or outside part of something the Earth's surface
Technological advances in computing and
telecommunications will reduce the need for
Unit 18 118 technological technological tecnologico relating to, or involving, technology many people to travel to work.
someone or something that is likely to cause
Unit 18 118 threat threat minaccia, rischio DAMAGE harm or damage a threat to the environment
a book or film with an exciting story, often
Unit 18 118 thriller thriller thriller, giallo poliziesco about crime She writes popular thrillers.
SIGN/RECOR When she moved out, she left no trace of having
Unit 18 117 trace trace traccia D a sign that something has happened or existed been there.
Unit 18 118 visual visual visivo, immagini relating to seeing The film has some powerful visual effects.
Unit 19 125 ankle ankle caviglia the part of your leg that is just above your foot She has hurt her ankle.
a long piece of soft cloth that you tie around an
Unit 19 125 bandage bandage benda, fascia, fasciatura injured part of the body He had a bandage around his head.
If you break a machine, object, etc, or if it
Unit 19 125 break break rompere, rompersi, guastare, guastarsi NOT WORK breaks, it stops working because it is damaged. Who broke the video?
Unit 19 127 break break rottura where something has separated in an accident There's a break in the pipe.
If a machine or vehicle breaks down, it stops Our car broke down and we had to push it off
Unit 19 125 break down break down guastarsi, avere un guasto working the road.
Unit 19 127 bug bug virus, germe, malattia ILLNESS a bacteria or virus, or the illness that it causes a flu/stomach bug
ustionare, ustionarsi, bruciare, to (cause something to) be hurt, damaged or
Unit 19 125 burn burn bruciarsi DAMAGE destroyed by fire or extreme heat He was badly burnt in the blaze.
the front of your body between your neck and
Unit 19 125 chest chest petto BODY your waist a hairy chest
Unit 19 125 cough medicine mixture/syrup sciroppo per la tosse a type of sweet liquid medicine I hate the taste of this cough syrup!
a common type of plaster (= a small piece of
sticky material to cover and protect a cut in the
Unit 19 125 Elastoplast ™ Elastoplast ™ cerotto skin) I've got an Elastoplast in my bag.
the part in the middle of your arm where it
Unit 19 125 elbow elbow gomito bends I bumped my elbow on the door.
PHYSICAL physical activity that you do to make your body
Unit 19 124 exercise exercise attività fisica, esercizio (fisico) ACTIVITY strong and healthy Swimming is my favourite form of exercise.
to do physical activities to make your body
Unit 19 124 exercise exercise fare esercizio / attività fisica BODY strong and healthy I try to exercise every day.
Unit 19 125 eyebrow eyebrow sopracciglio the thin line of hair that is above each eye He raised his eyebrows in surprise.
to suddenly become unconscious for a short
Unit 19 125 faint faint svenire time, usually falling down onto the floor She fainted with exhaustion.
to injure your skin by rubbing it against
Unit 19 125 graze graze escoriarsi INJURE something rough I fell and grazed my knee.
Unit 19 126 hurt hurt far male BE PAINFUL If a part of your body hurts, it is painful. My eyes really hurt.
either of the two bones in your mouth that
Unit 19 125 jaw jaw mandibola, mascella contain your teeth a broken jaw
Unit 19 125 knee knee ginocchio LEG the middle part of your leg where it bends a knee injury
the thin, sharp, metal part of a piece of medical
equipment used to take blood out of the body,
Unit 19 126 needle needle ago MEDICAL or to put medicine or drugs in a needle and thread
Female workers earn, on average, a third less
Unit 19 125 on average on average in media usually, or based on an average than men.
used to give your opinion after you have On balance, I'd prefer a woman dentist to a
Unit 19 125 on balance on balance a conti fatti considered all the facts about something man.
On behalf of the entire company, I would like to
Unit 19 125 on behalf of on behalf of sb a nome di, in vece di representing; instead of thank you for all your work.
Visitors are allowed in the gardens on condition
Unit 19 125 on condition that on condition that a condizione che only if that they don't touch the plants.
If a doctor, police officer, etc. is on duty, they
are working, and if they are off duty, they are
Unit 19 125 on duty on duty in servizio, reperibile not working. I'm on duty tomorrow night
Unit 19 125 on offer on offer in offerta at a cheaper price than usual Are these jeans still on offer?
Unit 19 125 on purpose on purpose di proposito, apposta intentionally I didn't do it on purpose, it was an accident.
a small piece of sticky material that you put on
Unit 19 125 plaster plaster cerotto FOR CUTS cuts on your body Have you got a plaster?
a permanent mark left on the body from a cut
Unit 19 127 scar scar cicatrice BODY or other injury His back was covered in scars.
Unit 19 125 spot spot foruncolo, brufolo, pustola SKIN an unpleasant, small, red mark on your skin He suffered badly with spots as a teenager.
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to injure part of your body by twisting it, but
Unit 19 125 sprain sprain procurarsi/prendere una distorsione not so badly that it breaks I slipped on the ice and sprained my ankle.
If an insect, plant, etc. stings you, it causes pain
Unit 19 125 sting sting pungere CAUSE PAIN by putting poison into your skin. He was stung by a wasp.
(usually plural) a length of special thread used He got hit with a broken bottle and needed five
Unit 19 125 stitch stitch punto, sutura to join the edges of a deep cut in the flesh stitches in his cheek.
when a doctor cuts your body open and repairs
Unit 19 127 surgery surgery intervento chirurgico TREATMENT or removes something to have surgery
a physical feeling or problem which shows that The inability to sleep is often a symptom of
Unit 19 127 symptom symptom sintomo ILLNESS you have a particular illness some other illness.
Unit 19 125 thigh thigh coscia the top part of your leg above your knee My thighs are getting fat!
the part around the middle of your body where
Unit 19 125 waist waist vita BODY you wear a belt She had a 26 inch waist.
a room in a hospital where people receiving
treatment stay, often for the same type of
Unit 19 127 ward ward reparto, corsia, sala illness the maternity ward
the part of your body between your hand and
Unit 19 125 wrist wrist polso your arm She injured her wrist playing tennis.
Unit 20 133 accuse accuse accusare to say that someone has done something bad He was falsely accused of murder.
If the police arrest someone, they take them
away to ask them about a crime which they
Unit 20 130 arrest arrest arrestare might have committed. He was arrested for possession of illegal drugs.
someone who gets into buildings illegally and I realized that a burglar had broken into the
Unit 20 132 burglar burglar scassinatore, svaligiatore, ladro steals things house.
a small room in a prison or police station
Unit 20 133 cell cell cella ROOM where a prisoner is kept They were locked in a cell for the night.
If the police charge someone, they accuse them
Unit 20 133 charge charge accusare ACCUSE officially of a crime. He was charged with assault.
to do something that is considered wrong, or He was sent to prison for a crime that he didn't
Unit 20 130 commit a crime commit commettere un reato CRIME that is illegal commit.
the place where a judge decides whether The suspect appeared in court charged with
Unit 20 130 court court tribunale LAW someone is guilty of a crime robbery.
Unit 20 131 criminal criminal criminale someone who has committed a crime a dangerous/violent criminal
someone, especially a police officer, whose job The film is about police detective solving a
Unit 20 132 detective detective detective, investigatore is to discover information about a crime crime.
deoxyribonucleic acid; a chemical in the cells
of living things which contains genetic
Unit 20 131 DNA DNA DNA information Would you allow your DNA to be kept on file?
information that is given or objects that are
shown in a court of law to help to prove if He was arrested despite the lack of evidence
Unit 20 131 evidence evidence prova LAW someone has committed a crime against him.
to make someone pay an amount of money as a
Unit 20 130 fine fine multare punishment for breaking a law or rule He was fined £500 for dangerous driving.
an amount of money that you must pay for
Unit 20 132 fine fine multa breaking a law or rule a parking fine
the mark made on something by the pattern of The police found fingerprints all over the
Unit 20 131 fingerprint fingerprint impronta digitale curved lines on the end of someone's finger murder weapon.
Unit 20 130 forensic forensic medico-legale, legale (medicine) relating to scientific methods of solving crimes forensic evidence/medicine
The jury found her guilty (=decided that she
Unit 20 130 guilty guilty colpevole LAW having broken a law was guilty of a crime).
Unit 20 133 illegal illegal illegale not allowed by law illegal drugs/weapons
Unit 20 131 innocent innocent innocente NOT GUILTY not guilty of committing a crime He claims to be innocent of the crime.
a group of people in a court of law who decide
Unit 20 133 jury jury giuria LAW if someone is guilty or not She has to do jury service next month.
to take someone away using force, usually to
Unit 20 133 kidnap kidnap rapire, sequestrare obtain money in exchange for releasing them He is afraid of being kidnapped.
Unit 20 133 offence offence reato CRIME a crime a criminal offence
a punishment for doing something which is There's a £50 penalty for late cancellation of
Unit 20 133 penalty penalty PUNISHMENT against a law or rule
punizione, ammenda, sanzione penale, multa tickets.
someone who steals things from people's
Unit 20 133 pickpocket pickpocket borsaiolo pockets Watch out, there are pickpockets about.
a fact or a piece of information that shows She showed us her passport as proof of her
Unit 20 130 proof proof prova something exists or is true identity.
He had to stay in his bedroom as a punishment
Unit 20 133 punishment punishment punizione when someone is punished for fighting.
the crime of stealing from someone or
Unit 20 132 robbery robbery rapina somewhere a bank robbery
to give a punishment to someone who has
Unit 20 133 sentence sentence condannare committed a crime She was sentenced to six months in prison.
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to take goods illegally from a shop without
Unit 20 133 shoplift shoplift taccheggiare, rubare nei negozi paying for them He was caught shoplifting by a store detective.
to secretly take something that does not belong Burglars broke into the house and stole a
Unit 20 132 steal steal rubare to you, without intending to return it computer.
He's the prime suspect (=the most likely
Unit 20 130 suspect suspect sospetto someone who may have committed a crime suspect) in the murder case.
making you feel that something is wrong or
Unit 20 133 suspicious suspicious sospetto, losco WRONG/BAD that something bad or illegal is happening suspicious behaviour/circumstances
far causa (legale) a (someone), portare She's threatening to take me to court for not
Unit 20 130 take sb to court take some to court (someone) in tribunale to take legal action against someone paying the bill on time.
Unit 20 132 thief thief ladro someone who steals things a car thief
Police have so far failed to trace the missing
Unit 20 131 trace trace rintracciare to find someone or something that is lost woman.
a legal process to decide if someone is guilty of The two men are now on trial for attempted
Unit 20 133 trial trial processo LAW a crime murder.
In the absence of any proof, it is impossible to
Unit 21 138 absence absence assenza NOT EXIST when something does not exist accuse her.
Unit 21 136 architecture architecture architettura STYLE the design and style of buildings modern architecture
Unit 21 136 collection collection raccolta AWAY when something is taken away from a place rubbish collection
Unit 21 136 community community comunità AREA the people living in a particular area a rural/small community
Unit 21 138 consumer consumer consumatore someone who buys or uses goods or services These price cuts are good news for consumers.
an electricity/power cut is when the supply of
Unit 21 138 cut cut interruzione di corrente, mancanza di corrente electricity suddenly stops I think there's been a power cut.
Unit 21 136 environmental environmental ambientale relating to the environment environmental damage
when something is not available or when there
Unit 21 138 lack lack mancanza is not enough of it Her only problem is lack of confidence.
Unit 21 138 level level livello AMOUNT the amount or number of something The level of iron in her blood was too low.
Unit 21 138 lifestyle lifestyle stile di vita the way that you live a healthy lifestyle
the light created by electrical equipment,
Unit 21 136 lighting lighting illuminazione candles, etc. soft lighting
the work that is done to keep something in
Unit 21 136 maintenance maintenance manutenzione WORK good condition car maintenance
Unit 21 136 mall mall centro commerciale a large, covered shopping area Shall we go to the mall?
damage caused to water, air, etc. by harmful The book shows simple things you can do to
Unit 21 138 pollution pollution inquinamento substances or waste reduce pollution from your car.
There are several properties for sale in this
Unit 21 136 property property proprietà BUILDING a building or area of land area.
an official rule that controls how something is
Unit 21 136 regulation regulation normativa RULE done building regulations
Every year I renew my membership of the
Unit 21 139 renew renew rinnovare MAKE NEW to increase the life of or replace something old sports club.
Unit 21 139 renewal renewal rinnovo when you renew something Spring is a time of renewal.
Unit 21 136 requirement requirement requisito something that is needed or demanded college entrance requirements
Unit 21 136 resident resident residente PERSON someone who lives in a particular place complaints from local residents
Unit 21 138 shortage shortage carenza, scarsità when there is not enough of something a shortage of nurses
an area where people live outside the centre of
Unit 21 138 suburb suburb sobborgo, quartiere periferico a city a suburb of New York
Unit 21 136 suburban suburban periferico relating to a suburb a suburban area/home
Unit 21 138 system system sistema METHOD a way or method of doing things the American legal system
a line of cars, trucks, etc. that are moving
Unit 21 136 traffic jam traffic jam ingorgo (stradale), coda slowly or not moving at all They got stuck in a traffic jam.
Unit 21 136 urban urban urbano belonging or relating to a town or city urban areas
the people who sit and watch a performance at
Unit 22 145 audience audience pubblico in sala, spettatori GROUP a theatre, cinema, etc. There were a lot of children in the audience.
Unit 22 142 choir choir coro a group of people who sing together a school/church choir
Unit 22 145 composer composer compositore someone who writes music Who is your favourite composer?
The children played their own compositions in
Unit 22 145 composition composition composizione, brano MUSIC a piece of music that someone has written the concert.
someone who stands in front of a group of
musicians or singers and controls their
Unit 22 142 conductor conductor direttore (d'orchestra) MUSIC performance The conductor bowed to the audience.
PERFORMAN a series of special events, performances, etc.
Unit 22 142 festival festival festival CE that often takes place over several days a dance/music festival
Unit 22 142 gig gig concerto a performance of pop or rock music They're playing a gig at their local youth club.
the way that something seems, looks or feels to
Unit 22 145 impression impression impressione EFFECT a particular person I got/had the impression that he was bored.
If an occasion is memorable, you will
remember it for a long time because it is so
Unit 22 145 memorable memorable memorabile good. a memorable performance
someone who plays a musical instrument, often
Unit 22 142 musician musician musicista as a job a talented jazz/classical musician
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a large group of musicians who play different
Unit 22 142 orchestra orchestra orchestra MUSIC instruments together a symphony orchestra
Unit 22 145 orchestral orchestral orchestrale of or belonging to an orchestra an orchestral arrangement
Unit 22 143 (UK)/organizer organizer organizzatore someone who plans an event or activity conference/exhibition organizers
She rarely participates in any of the
Unit 22 142 participate participate partecipare to be involved with other people in an activity discussions.
WORKING when two people or organizations work She's gone into partnership (=started to work
Unit 22 145 partnership partnership società TOGETHER together to achieve something together) with an ex-colleague.
to entertain people by acting, singing, dancing,
Unit 22 142 perform perform esibirsi, recitare /cantare /ballare and so ENTERTAIN etc.art performed)
on (according to She has performed all over the world.
a person who entertains people by acting,
Unit 22 142 performer performer artista, intrattenitore singing, dancing or playing music He's a brilliant performer.
a time when all the people involved in a play,
dance, etc. practise in order to prepare for a They didn't have time for (a) rehearsal before
Unit 22 142 rehearsal rehearsal prove performance the performance.
SOCIALLY considered to be socially acceptable because of
Unit 22 145 respectable respectable rispettabile ACCEPTABLE your good character, appearance or behaviour a respectable family
a piece of music for one person or one
Unit 22 142 solo solo assolo instrument She is famous for singing operatic solos.
specialise to spend most of your time studying one She works for a company specializing in
Unit 22 143 (UK)/specialize specialize specializzato in particular subject or doing one type of business business law.
a place where a sports game, musical The hotel is an ideal venue for conferences and
Unit 22 143 venue venue locale performance, or special event happens business meetings.
Unit 22 145 unique unique unico, esclusivo SPECIAL unusual and special a unique opportunity
the soft grey or black powder that is left after a
substance, especially tobacco, coal or wood,
Unit 23 148 ash ash cenere POWDER has burnt volcanic ash
break off (sth) or break break off sth or
Unit 23 149 (sth) off break sth off interrompere, mettere fine a to end (something) suddenly She broke off in the middle of a sentence.
to decide that a planned event, especially a
sports event, will not happen, or to end an
call off sth or call sth activity because it is no longer useful or Tomorrow's match has been called off because
Unit 23 149 off call off disdire, cancellare possible of the icy weather.
a line on the surface of something that is
Unit 23 148 crack crack rottura, incrinatura, fessura, crepaccio, screpolatura damaged
LINE Several cups had cracks in them.
cut sb/sth off or cut off to cause a person or place to become separate, Many villages have been cut off by the heavy
Unit 23 149 sb/sth cut off essere isolati, isolare or cause someone to be or feel alone snow.
Unit 23 149 damage damage danneggiare to harm or break something Many buildings were damaged in the storm.
Unit 23 151 damp damp umido, bagnato, molle, madido slightly wet, usually in an unpleasant way damp clothes/grass
a long period when there is no rain and people
Unit 23 RS drought drought siccità do not have enough water A severe drought ruined the crops.
a sudden movement of the Earth's surface, A powerful earthquake struck eastern Turkey
Unit 23 149 earthquake earthquake terremoto, sisma often causing severe damage last night.
when a volcano explodes and flames and rocks
Unit 23 148 eruption eruption eruzione come out of it a volcanic eruption
a substance in a form like air and not solid or
Unit 23 148 gas gas gas SUBSTANCE liquid poisonous gases
Unit 23 151 humid humid umido Humid air or weather is hot and slightly wet. a hot and humid climate
The state of Florida was hit by a hurricane that
Unit 23 151 hurricane hurricane uragano a violent storm with very strong winds did serious damage.
Unit 23 149 injure injure farsi male a, ferirsi a, ledere to hurt a person, animal, or part of your body She injured her ankle when she fell.
Her contacts in government proved invaluable
Unit 23 149 invaluable invaluable inestimabile extremely useful to the company.
to not punish someone who has committed a
crime or done something wrong, or to not Instead of a prison sentence they were let off
Unit 23 149 let off sb or let sb off let off rilasciare, cavarsela punish them severely with a fine.
to stop a computer being connected to a
computer system, usually when you want to
Unit 23 149 log off log off fare il log-off, disconnettersi stop working Could you all log off for a few minutes, please?
Unit 23 148 peak peak cima TOP the top of a mountain, or the mountain itself snow-covered/mountain peaks
a large, round object in space that moves
Unit 23 149 planet planet pianeta around the sun or another star Jupiter is the largest planet of our solar system.
KEEP THE to keep something the same or prevent it from
Unit 23 149 preserve preserve mantenere, preservare SAME being damaged or destroyed to preserve peace
A trip round the world is a priceless
Unit 23 149 priceless priceless senza prezzo, inestimabile IMPORTANT very important or useful opportunity.
send off sth or send sth
Unit 23 149 off send off spedire to send a letter, document or parcel by post Have you sent off your application form yet?
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Unit 23 149 sensitive sensitive sensibile UPSET easily upset by the things people say or do He was always sensitive to criticism.
to make quick, short movements from side to
scuotere, agitare, scuotersi, agitarsi, side or up and down, or to make something or
Unit 23 148 shake shake tremare MOVE someone do this He was shaking with nerves.
to speak angrily to someone because they have
Unit 23 149 tell off sb or tell sb off tell off rimproverare, sgridare done something wrong The teacher told me off for swearing.
the loud noise in the sky that you hear during a
Unit 23 148 thunder thunder tuono storm thunder and lightning
to shake slightly, especially because you are My hands were trembling so much I could
Unit 23 148 tremble tremble tremare, avere un tremolio nervous, frightened, or cold hardly hold the pen.
Unit 23 151 undo undo slacciare, slegare, disfare, sciogliere OPEN to open something that is tied or fastened I took off my hat and undid my coat.
to open something that is closed or fixed
Unit 23 151 unfasten unfasten slacciare together to unfasten a seat belt
to open a knot or something that has been tied
Unit 23 151 untie untie sciogliere, snodare, slegare with a knot I untied my shoelaces and kicked off my shoes.
to remove the paper, cloth, etc. that is covering
Unit 23 151 unwrap unwrap scartare something She carefully unwrapped the present.
a mountain with a large hole at the top which
sometimes explodes and produces hot, melted
Unit 23 149 volcano volcano vulcano rock and smoke an extinct/dormant volcano
The weather forecast said it was going to rain
Unit 23 151 weather forecast weather forecast previsioni del tempo / meteo a description of what the weather will be like later today.
If a feeling or the effect of something wears off,
Unit 23 149 wear off wear off svanire, scomparire it gradually disappears. The anaesthetic is starting to wear off.
something you say or write to say that you are I have an apology to make to you - I opened
Unit 24 154 apology apology scusa sorry about something you have done your letter by mistake.
used to say that you have read or been told
something although you are not certain it is
Unit 24 154 apparently apparently apparentemente OTHERS SAY true Apparently it's going to rain today.
a machine, usually in a wall outside a bank,
that you can get money from using a plastic I decided to get some money from the cashpoint
Unit 24 154 cashpoint cashpoint sportello bancomat card machine.
to do something that you did not have time to She's staying late in the office to catch up on
Unit 24 156 catch up on sth catch up on rimettersi in pari con (sth) do earlier some reports.
Unit 24 WF12 comedian comedian comico someone who entertains people by telling jokes He wants to be a stand-up comedian.
entertainment such as a film, play, etc which is
Unit 24 154 comedy comedy commedia, film comico funny The film is a romantic comedy.
clothes and other things that you wear to
change the way you look so that people cannot She usually goes out in disguise to avoid being
Unit 24 155 disguise disguise travestito recognize you bothered by the public.
We tried to disguise the fact that it was just a
to give a new appearance to a person or thing, school hall by putting up coloured lights and
Unit 24 154 disguise disguise mascherare, dissimulare especially in order to hide its true form balloons.
Unit 24 157 earnings earnings reddito, stipendio money that you get from working Average earnings for skilled workers are rising.
They estimate that a hundred people were killed
Unit 24 157 estimate estimate valutare, stimare, preventivare to guess the cost, size, value, etc. of something in the accident.
to do or finish an unpleasant but necessary
piece of work or duty so that you do not have to
Unit 24 156 get sth over with get sth over with togliersi il pensiero alla svelta worry about it in the future I'll be glad to get these exams over with.
I got into drugs because I was hanging around
Unit 24 157 hang around (with sb) hang around with andare in giro con, frequentare to spend time (with someone) with the wrong people.
the ability to laugh and recognize that
Unit 24 157 humour humour umorismo ABILITY something is funny He's got a great sense of humour.
They just ignored him and carried on with the
Unit 24 155 ignore ignore ignorare to pay no attention to something or someone game.
have a bad/ good be a bad/ good PERSON/THI to have the power to have an effect on people or
Unit 24 157 influence on influence on avere un buon/cattivo ascendente su NG things Helen's a bad/good influence on him.
to put information into a computer or a
Unit 24 154 key in sth or key sth in key in introdurre, inserire machine using a keyboard First, key in your password.
keep up sth or keep sth to not allow something that is at a high level to Make sure you eat properly - you've got to keep
Unit 24 156 up keep up tenere alto, mantenere fall to a lower level your strength up.
padrone / padrona di casa, a man/woman who you rent a room or house The landlord had promised to redecorate the
Unit 24 157 landlord/ landlady landlord affittacamere from bedrooms before we moved in.
look up sth or look sth to try to find a piece of information by looking If you don't know what the word means, look it
Unit 24 156 up look up cercare (in a dictionary, book….) in a book or on a computer up in a dictionary.
Unit 24 154 make for make for avviarsi verso to move towards a place He got up and made for the exit.
to see, hear or understand something or The numbers are too small - I can't make them
Unit 24 156 make sth/sb out make out vedere, scorgere someone with difficulty out at all.
to reduce the bad effect of something, or make I hope this money will make up for the
Unit 24 155 make up for sth make up for compensare, rimediare a something bad become something good inconvenience.
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pick up sth or pick sth to learn a new skill or language by practising it When you live in a country you soon pick up the
Unit 24 156 up pick up imparare, acquisire conoscenza di rather than being taught it language.
to make someone dislike something or
rimandare, rinviare - far passare la someone, or to discourage someone from doing You have to work long hoursand that puts off a
Unit 24 156 put off sb or put sb off put off voglia di, scoraggiare, dissuadere something lot of people.
put out sth or put sth STOP to make something that is burning, such as a Firefighters have been called to put out the fire
Unit 24 155 out put out spegnere BURNING fire or cigarette, stop burning in the city centre.
to show or express a particular type of I refuse to let them win - I intend to put up a
Unit 24 156 put up a fight put up istigare una lotta, lottare, controbattere opposition to something fight.
to accept unpleasant behaviour or an
unpleasant situation, although you do not like He's so moody-I don't know how she puts up
Unit 24 156 put up with sb/sth put up sopportare, tollerare it with him.
INSTRUCTIO an official instruction about what you must or
Unit 24 154 rule rule regola, norma N must not do to break (=not obey) the rules.
avere come protagonista, interprete If you star in a film, play, etc., you are the main
Unit 24 157 star star principale person in it. a film starring Meg Ryan
to begin your life or the part of your life when My dad started out as a sales assistant in a
Unit 24 157 start out start out incominciare you work, in a particular way shop.
take off sth or take sth
Unit 24 157 off take off prendere ferie, essere in ferie NOT WORK to spend time away from your work He took off two weeks in September.
something which you do to try to cure an
illness or injury, especially something
Unit 24 154 treatment treatment trattamento, cura MEDICAL suggested or done by a doctor She's receiving treatment for a lung infection.
Unit 24 157 weird weird strano, bizzarro very strange I had a really weird dream last night.
to spend time repairing or improving His dancing technique is good, but he needs to
Unit 24 157 work on sth work on sth lavorare su something work on his fitness.
work out sth or work to understand something or to find the answer There will be a full investigation to work out
Unit 24 156 sth out work out capire, scoprire PROBLEM to something by thinking about it what caused the accident.
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