Italian Excel

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					Unit     Page            Headword          Dictionary Entry                    Italian                 Guideword                        Definition                                           Example

Unit 1    11    add to sth                add                 aggiungere qualcosa a qualcosa           PUT WITH      to put something with something else               You could add a bright scarf to a simple t-shirt.
                                                                                                                     something that is sold for less than its usual
Unit 1    RS    bargain                   bargain             occasione, affare                        PRICE         price or its real value                            At $8.95, it's a bargain.
                                                                                                                     a piece of jewellery that you wear around your
Unit 1    10    bracelet                  bracelet            braccialetto                                           wrist                                              What a lovely bracelet!
                                                                                                                     Casual clothing is comfortable and not suitable    She prefers wearing casual clothes rather than
Unit 1    10    casual                    casual              casual, informale, sportivo            CLOTHING        for formal occasions.                              smart outfits.
                                                              paragonato a, a paragone con, rispetto DIFFERENCE when two or more people or things are                   By/In comparison with the French, the British
Unit 1    12    comparison                comparison          a                                      S          compared                                                eat far less fish.

                cut down sth or cut sth                                                                              to eat or drink less of something, or to reduce
Unit 1    11    down                    cut down              ridurre                                  REDUCE        the amount or number of something                  My doctor says I should cut down on cigarettes.
                                                                                                       DIFFERENCE    to make one person or thing seem different         His great skill distinguishes him from the rest of
Unit 1    13    distinguish               distinguish         distinguere                              S             from another                                       the team.
                                                                                                       BE            to be the largest, most important, or most
Unit 1    12    dominate                  dominate            dominare                                 IMPORTANT     noticeable part of something                       The cathedral dominates the skyline.

Unit 1    11    dress up                  dress up            vestirsi elegantemente/ a festa          FORMAL        to put on formal clothes for a special occasion    Weddings are a great opportunity to dress up.

                                                                                                                  If one thing fits in with another thing, they look    It's a very nice sofa but it doesn't fit in with the
Unit 1    11    fit in with               fit in with         abbinarsi, adattarsi                                pleasant together or are suitable for each other.     rest of the room.
                                                                                                                  If something is genuine, it is really what it
Unit 1    13    genuine                   genuine             genuino, autentico                       REAL       seems to be.                                          a genuine gold necklace
                                                                                                                  something that you say to someone to give
Unit 1    11    go ahead                  go ahead            procedere, andare avanti                 PERMISSION them permission to do something                       ''Can I borrow your book?'' ''Yes, go ahead.''
                                                                                                                  to return to a place where you were or where
Unit 1    11    go back                   go back             ritornare                                           you have been before                                  When are you going back to London?

Unit 1    11    go for sth                go for              scegliere                                CHOOSE        to choose something                                What sort of printer are you going to go for?
Unit 1    11    go on                     go on               succedere, accadere                      HAPPEN        to happen                                          What's going on?
                                                                                                                     to leave a room or building, especially in order
Unit 1    11    go out                    go out              uscire                                   LEAVE         to do something for entertainment                  Are you going out tonight?

                                                                                                                 to talk or think about something in order to
Unit 1    11    go over sth               go over             spiegare, rivedere                                 explain it or make certain that it is correct          Let's go over the plan one more time.
Unit 1    11    go up                     go up               aumentare                                INCREASE  to become higher in level                              House prices keep going up.
                                                                                                                 a part of a coat or jacket that covers your head
Unit 1    10    hood                      hood                cappuccio                                HEAD      and neck                                               a waterproof jacket with a hood
Unit 1    10    helmet                    helmet              casco, elmetto                           HEAD      a hard hat that protects your head                     a cycling helmet
                                                              immagine, aver presente nella propria              a picture in your mind or an idea of how               I have an image in my mind of the way I want
Unit 1    12    image                     image               mente                                    IDEA      someone or something is                                the garden to look.
                                                                                                                 to be able to understand or deal with
                                          keep up with                                                 UNDERSTAN something that is happening or changing very           I feel it's important to keep up with current
Unit 1    11    keep up (with sb/sth)     sb/sth              essere aggiornati, tenersi al corrente   D         fast                                                   events.
                                                                                                                 a company which produces goods for sale, the
                                                                                                                 goods themselves, or the company's name or             Her favourite designer label (= maker of
Unit 1    13    label                     label               firma, griffe                            COMPANY   symbol                                                 expensive clothes) is Armani.
                                                                                                                 a subject or situation that you need to think          I've been thinking about this matter for a long
Unit 1    10    matter                    matter              questione, materia                       SUBJECT   about, discuss, or deal with                           time.

Unit 1    11    outfit                    outfit              vestito, corredo, abbigliamento          CLOTHES       a set of clothes for a particular event or activity a cowboy outfit
                                                              indegno, scioccante, oltraggioso,
Unit 1    11    outrageous                outrageous          atroce                                                 shocking or extreme                                outrageous behaviour/clothes
                pull on sth or pull sth
Unit 1    11    on                        pull on sth         mettersi addosso, mettersi, indossare    CLOTHES       to put on clothes quickly                          I pulled on my jeans and ran downstairs.
                put together sth or put                                                                              to create something by joining or combining        She earns more than all the rest of us put
Unit 1    11    sth together              put together        mettere insieme                          JOIN PARTS    different things                                   together.
                                                              descrivere, descriversi, dipingersi,                                                                      He represents himself as an expert, but he
Unit 1    12    represent                 represent           dipingere, rappresentare                 DESCRIBE      to show or describe something or someone           knows nothing.
                                                                                                                                                                        It took me ages to save up enough money to go
                save up (sth) or save                                                                                to keep money so that you can buy something        travelling./Michael's saving up for a new
Unit 1    11    (sth) up                  save up             risparmiare                              MONEY         with it in the future                              computer.

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                                                                                                                                                        I think I did slightly better in my exams this
Unit 1   12   slightly                   slightly       leggermente, un po'                          a little                                           time.

Unit 1   11   slip on sth or slip sth on slip on        infilarsi                                    to quickly put on a piece of clothing              I'll just slip my shoes on.

Unit 1   10   smart                      smart          elegante, alla moda            STYLISH   having a clean, tidy and stylish appearance     I need a smart jacket for my interview.
                                                                                                 a small shop with an open front or a table from
Unit 1   12   stall                      stall          bancarella                     SHOP      which goods are sold                            a market stall
                                                                                                                                                 The bright blue letters really stand out on the
Unit 1   11   stand out                  stand out      distinguersi, spiccare         NOTICE    to be very easy to see or notice                page.
                                                                                                 (informal) used to refer to a substance or a
                                                                                                 group of things or ideas, etc. without saying   Do you want help bringing your stuff (=
Unit 1   10   stuff                      stuff          roba, cose, cosa               SUBSTANCE exactly what they are                           possessions) in from the van?
Unit 1   11   stunning                   stunning       mozzafiato, da schianto                  very beautiful                                  stunning views over the city
Unit 1   10   stylish                    stylish        di classe, elegante                      fashionable and attractive                      a stylish, black suit
                                                                                                 a piece of clothing made of soft cotton which
                                                                                                 covers the top of your body and is pulled on
Unit 1   10   sweatshirt                 sweatshirt     felpa, maglia, maglioncino               over your head                                  He usually wears jeans and a sweatshirt.
              take back sth or take                                                              to return something to the place you borrowed
Unit 1   11   sth back                   take back      riportare                      THING     or bought it from                               I decided to take the shoes back.
              take off sth or take sth
Unit 1   11   off                        take off       togliere, togliersi            REMOVE    to remove something                                    f you're hot, take your jacket off.
                                                                                       UNDERSTAN                                                        They are attempting to make opera accessible to
Unit 2   18   accessible                 accessible     accessibile                    D         easy to understand                                     a wider audience.
                                                                                                     things which are happening, especially exciting
Unit 2   16   action                     action         azione                         ACTIVITY      or important things                             He likes films with a lot of action.

                                                                                                     a device, machine or piece of equipment,
                                                                                                     especially an electrical one that is used in the
Unit 2   16   appliance                  appliance      elettrodomestico                             house, such as a cooker or washing machine         electric/domestic/household appliances
                                                                                       COMPUTER      a computer program designed for a particular       This computer comes with many free
Unit 2   18   application/app            application    applicazione                   PROGRAM       purpose (informal)                                 applications.
                                                                                                     difficult to understand or find an answer to       The film's plot was so complex that I couldn't
Unit 2   17   complex                    complex        complesso, complicato                        because of having many different parts             follow it.
                                                                                                     the power to make a person, organization, or
Unit 2   17   control                    control        controllo                      POWER         object do what you want                            The new teacher has no control over the class.

Unit 2   17   demanding                  demanding      impegnativo                                  needing a lot of your time, attention, or effort   a very demanding job

                                                                                                     unhappy because someone or something was
                                                                                                     not as good as you hoped or expected, or
Unit 2   17   disappointed               disappointed   deluso                                       because something did not happen                   I was bitterly disappointed that he didn't come.
                                                                                                     a part of a system or machine which makes it
Unit 2   17   facility                   facility       disporre di (sth)              PART          possible to do something                           This phone has a memory facility.
                                                                                                     showing that you like or approve of someone or
                                                                                                     something, or making you like or approve of
Unit 2   19   favourable                 favourable     favorevole                     JUDGMENT      them                                               His comments were highly favourable.
                                                                                                     a typical quality, or important part of            The town's main features are its beautiful
Unit 2   16   feature                    feature        caratteristica, attrattiva     PART          something                                          mosque and ancient marketplace.
              find out (sth) or find                                                                 to get information about something, or to learn
Unit 2   17   (sth) out                  find out       scoprire, informarsi su/di                   a fact for the first time                          I must find out the train times.

Unit 2   17   fortune                    fortune        fortuna                        MONEY         a lot of money                                     She must have spent a fortune on that new car.
                                                                                                                                                        I can get through a lot more work when I'm on
Unit 2   17   get through sth            get through    completare, finire             FINISH        to use up or finish something                      my own.
                                                                                                     something you want to do successfully in the       Andy's goal is to run in the New York
Unit 2   17   goal                       goal           traguardo, fine, scopo, meta   AIM           future                                             Marathon.

                                                                                                     to search for something on the Internet using
                                                                                                     the Google search engine (= computer program
Unit 2   18   Google™                    Google™        Cercare su Google™, googlare                 that finds information)                            Try Googling his name for more information.
Unit 2   16   graphics                   graphics       grafica                                      images shown on a computer screen                  This game has great graphics.
Unit 2   16   hopeless                   hopeless       senza speranza                 NOT ABLE      very bad at a particular activity                  Dad's a hopeless cook.
                                                                                                     Someone or something that is impressive
Unit 2   16   impressive                 impressive     notevole, imponente                          makes you admire and respect them.                 an impressive performance/view
                                                                                                     the ability to learn, understand, and think
Unit 2   17   intelligence               intelligence   intelligenza                   ABILITY       about things                                       a child of low intelligence
Unit 2   19   meaningful                 meaningful     eloquente, significativo       USEFUL        useful, serious, or important                      a meaningful discussion
Unit 2   16   messy                      messy          disordinato, in disordine      UNTIDY        untidy or dirty                                    messy hair
                                                                                                     covered by or containing mud (=mixture of soil
Unit 2   17   muddy                      muddy          fangoso, infangato, melmoso                  and water)                                         a muddy stream
                                                                                                     someone who you compete against in a game
Unit 2   17   opponent                   opponent       avversario                     COMPETE       or competition                                     He beat his opponent six games to two.
                                                                                                     the speed at which someone or something
Unit 2   16   pace                       pace           ritmo                          SPEED         moves or does something                            We started to walk at a much faster pace.

Unit 2   19   popularity                 popularity     popolarità                                   the quality of being liked by many people          the increasing popularity of organic produce

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                                               reach a                                                            to make a decision/agreement, etc. about            She reached the conclusion that there was no
Unit 2    17      reach a conclusion           conclusion      arrivare a una conclusione                         something                                           more she could do.
                                                                                                                  a report in a newspaper, magazine, or
                                                                                                                  programme that gives an opinion about a new
Unit 2    16      review                       review          recensione                            REPORT       book, film, etc.                                    a book review
Unit 2    16      solve                        solve           risolvere                                          to find the answer to something                     to solve a mystery/puzzle
                                                                                                                  A sophisticated machine or system is very
Unit 2    16      sophisticated                sophisticated   sofisticato                           SYSTEM       advanced and works in a clever way.                 a sophisticated computer system
                                                                                                                                                                      He is best known for composing film
Unit 2    16      soundtrack                   soundtrack      colonna sonora                                     the music used in a film                            soundtracks.
                                                                                                                  to send a document, plan, etc. to someone so        Applications must be submitted before 31
Unit 2    18      submit                       submit          presentare, inoltrare                 DOCUMENT     that they can consider it                           January.
Unit 2    17      tricky                       tricky          difficile, difficoltoso                            difficult to deal with or do                        a tricky question/situation
                                                                                                                  to move the switch on a machine, light, etc so
                  turn on sth or turn sth                                                                         that it starts working, or to start the supply of
Unit 2    16      on                           turn on         accendere                                          water, electricity, etc.                            Ben turned the TV on.
                  turn up sth or turn sth                                                                         to increase the level of sound or heat that a
Unit 2    16      up                           turn up         alzare                                             machine produces                                    I'm cold, could you turn the heating up please?
Unit 2    19      unhelpful                    unhelpful       inutile, non essere d'aiuto           IMPROVE      not improving a situation                        an unhelpful remark
                                                                                                                  one form of something that is slightly different
Unit 2    17      version                      version         versione                              FORM         to other forms of the same thing                 I saw the original version of the film.
Unit 2    16      violent                      violent         violento                              ACTION       involving violence                               a victim of violent crime

                                                                                                                  using computer images and sounds that make
Unit 2    16      virtual                      virtual         virtuale                              COMPUTER     you think an imagined situation is real             a virtual art gallery

                                                                                                                  to take a deep breath with your mouth wide
Unit 2    16      yawn                         yawn            sbadigliare                                        open, because you are tired or bored                She yawned and looked at her watch.
                                                                                                                  a company that provides regular flights to
Unit 3    23      airline                      airline         compagnia aerea                                    places                                              What is your favourite airline?

                                                                                                                                                                      Please fasten your seat belts, the plane is now
                                                               avvicinarsi, stare per raggiungere,                when something or someone gets nearer in            making its final approach (in)to (= is coming
Unit 3    23      approach                     approach        accostarsi                                         distance or time                                    near to and preparing to land at) Heathrow.
                                                                                                                                                                      The train now approaching platform 2 is the
Unit 3    23      approach                     approach        stare per raggiungere                 COME CLOSE to come close in distance or time                     5.35 to London, Kings Cross.
Unit 3    23      backpacker                   backpacker      saccopelista                                       a person who travels with a backpack                This hostel is popular with backpackers.

Unit 3    23      book (sb) into               book into       prenotare (in)                                     to arrange for someone to stay at a hotel           Our friend has booked us into a lovely hotel.
Unit 3    22      cabin                        cabin           cabina                                SHIP         a small room to sleep in on a ship                  His cabin was small but comfortable.
                                                                                                                  an area where people can stay in tents for a
Unit 3    23      campsite                     campsite        campeggio                                          holiday                                             The best campsite is near the beach.
                                                                                                                  to go to the desk at a hotel in order to say that
                                                                                                                  you have arrived, and to get the key to your
Unit 3    23      check in                     check in        check-in                              HOTEL        room                                                You will need to check in before 10pm.
Unit 3    23      check out                    check out       check-out                                          to leave a hotel after paying your bill             What time do we need to check out?
Unit 3    23      cliff                        cliff           scogliera                                          an area of high, steep rocks beside the sea         The white cliffs are a famous landmark.
                                                                                                                                                                      The island lies off the North African coast (=in
Unit 3    23      coast                        coast           costa, litorale                                    the land beside the sea                             the sea near North Africa).
                                                                                                     SHIP/AIRCRA the people who work together on a ship,
Unit 3    23      crew                         crew            equipaggio, personale (on train)      FT          aircraft, or train                                   a crew member

Unit 3    23      destination                  destination     meta, destinazione                                 the place where someone or something is going       Spain is a very popular holiday destination.
                                                                                                                  to change something by touching it or moving
Unit 3    22      disturb                      disturb         turbare, disturbare                   CHANGE       it from its original position                       It's important not to disturb natural beauty.
Unit 3    23      domestic                     domestic        domestico, interno, nazionale         COUNTRY      inside one country and not international            a domestic flight
                                                                                                                  something that makes you believe that
Unit 3    22      evidence                     evidence        prova                                 FACTS        something is true or exists                         evidence of global warming
                                                                                                                  an organized journey, especially a long one for
Unit 3    22      expedition                   expedition      spedizione                                         a particular purpose                                Peary led the first expedition to the North Pole.
                                                                                                                  a boat that regularly carries passengers and
Unit 3    23      ferry                        ferry           traghetto                                          vehicles across an area of water                    a car/passenger ferry
                                                                                                                  to write the necessary information on an
Unit 3    24      fill in sth or fill sth in   fill in         compilare                                          official document                                   to fill in a form/questionnaire
                                                                                                                  to order someone not to do something, or to
Unit 3    22      forbid                       forbid          proibire                                           say that something must not happen                  I forbid you to see that boy again.
                                                                                                                                                                      Their friendship goes back to when they were at
Unit 3   26 EF2   friendship                   friendship      amicizia                                           when two people are friends                         school together.
                                                                                                                  to go somewhere to have a holiday, especially
Unit 3    23      get away                     get away        scappare, fuggire, andar via          HOLIDAY      because you need to rest                            I just need to get away for a few days.
                                                                                                     VEHICLE      If a train or other vehicle gets in at a particular
Unit 3    23      get in                       get in          arrivare, essere in arrivo            ARRIVING     time, that is when it arrives.                      Our flight's getting in later than expected.
                                                                                                                                                                      I used weedkiller to get rid of the weeds in the
Unit 3    22      get rid of sth               get rid of      liberarsi di, eliminare                            to remove or throw away something unwanted garden.
Unit 3    23      ground                       ground          terra, suolo                                       the surface of the Earth                            I sat down on the ground.

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                                                                                                                an area of water near the coast where ships are
Unit 3   23   harbour                harbour             porto                                                  kept and are safe from the sea                     The town has a pretty harbour.
                                                                                                                If an aircraft lands, it arrives on the ground
                                                                                                                after a journey, and if you land it, you make it
Unit 3   23   land                   land                atterrare                                ARRIVE        arrive on the ground.                              We should land in Madrid at 7 a.m.
                                                                                                                an arrival on the ground, usually of an aircraft   They had to make an emergency landing in
Unit 3   23   landing                landing             atterraggio                              ARRIVAL       or boat                                            Chicago.
                                                         mettersi in cammino, mettersi in                                                                          What time are you setting off tomorrow
Unit 3   23   set off                set off             viaggio, partire                                   to start a journey                                     morning?
                                                                                                            to stay at a place for one night or a few nights
                                                                                                            on the way to somewhere else or before                 They're stopping over in Malaysia for a couple
Unit 3   23   stop over              stop over           fare tappa                                         returning home                                         of nights on the way to Australia.
Unit 3   23   take off               take off            decollare                                AIRCRAFT  If an aircraft takes off, it begins to fly.            We watched the plane taking off.
                                                                                                            a building where you can get onto an aircraft,
Unit 3   23   terminal               terminal            terminale                                TRANSPORT bus, or ship                                           a terminal building
                                                                                                            someone whose job is making travel                     They booked their holiday through a travel
Unit 3   23   travel agent           travel agent        agente/agenzia di viaggio                          arrangements for people                                agent.

                                                                                                                an official mark in your passport (=document
                                                                                                                which proves your nationality) that allows you
Unit 3   24   visa                   visa                visto                                                  to enter or leave a particular country             She went to Miami on a tourist visa.
                                                                                                                animals, birds, and plants living in their
Unit 3   RS   wildlife               wildlife            flora e fauna, riserva naturale                        natural environment                                a wildlife park
                                                                                                                a large boat with sails used for pleasure or in
Unit 3   23   yacht                  yacht               panfilo, yacht                                         races                                              a luxury yacht
                                                                                                                                                                   Lisa will be acting as manager in Phil's absence
Unit 4   28   absence                absence             assenza                                  NOT THERE     a time when you are not in a particular place      (=while Phil is not here).
                                                                                                                a bad-tempered person gets angry or annoyed        'Sam's been bad-tempered recently, is
Unit 4   31   bad-tempered           bad-tempered        irascibile                                             easily                                             something worrying him?'

                                                                                                                to keep animals for the purpose of producing
Unit 4   29   breed                  breed               allevare                                               young animals in a controlled way                  His main income comes from breeding cattle.
Unit 4   29   breeze                 breeze              brezza                                                 a gentle wind                                      a cool breeze

Unit 4   29   conservation           conservation        conversazione                            PROTECTION the protection of nature                              wildlife conservation
                                                                                                                to prevent harm or damage to animals or
Unit 4   29   conserve                conserve           proteggere, salvaguardare                NOT HARM      places                                             This zoo helps to conserve threatened species.
              cut down sth or cut sth                                                                           to make a tree or other plant fall to the ground
Unit 4   28   down                    cut down           abbattere                                REMOVE        by cutting it near the bottom                      Many trees will be cut down.
                                                                                                                                                                   We are all responsible for the destruction of the
Unit 4   28   destruction            destruction         distruzione                                            when something is destroyed                        forest.

                                                                                                                endangered birds/plants/species are animals
                                                                                                                or plants which may soon not exist because       The bald eagle is no longer an endangered
Unit 4   28   endangered             endangered          in via d'estinzione                                    there are very few now alive                     species.
                                                                                                                one of the soft, light things that grow from and
Unit 4   31   feather                feather             piuma                                                  cover a bird's skin                              She prefers a feather pillow.

Unit 4   31   from time to time      from time to time   talvolta, ogni tanto                                   sometimes, but not often                           I still see my ex-boyfriend from time to time.
                                                                                                                the thick hair that covers the bodies of some
Unit 4   31   fur                    fur                 pelo, pelliccia, pelame                  HAIR          animals like cats and rabbits                      The kittens were covered in soft fur.
                                                                                                                when the air around the world becomes              Many people blame pollution for global
Unit 4   28   global warming         global warming      effetto serra                                          warmer because of pollution                        warming.
Unit 4   31   in time                in time             in tempo                                 POINT         early enough                                       I got home just in time - it's starting to rain.
                                                         essere all'altezza di, non venire meno
Unit 4   29   live up to             live up to          a, tener fede a                                        to be as good as someone hopes                     Did the trip live up to your expectations?
              look forward to                                                                                   to feel happy and excited about something that
Unit 4 33 WF2 sth/doing sth          look forward to     non vedere l'ora di                                    is going to happen                                 I'm really looking forward to my holiday.
Unit 4    31  one at a time          one at a time       uno/una alla volta                                     separately                                         Eat them one at a time.
                                                                                                                a tropical bird with a curved beak and colourful
                                                                                                                feathers that can be taught to copy what people
Unit 4   28   parrot                 parrot              pappagallo                                             say                                                This parrot is mainly found in South America.
Unit 4   31   pass the time          pass (the) time     far passare il tempo                                   to spend time doing something                      She was eating only to pass the time.
                                                                                                                the foot of certain animals, such as cats and
Unit 4   31   paw                    paw                 zampa                                                  dogs                                               A thorn was stuck in the dog's paw.
                                                                                                                a large, white bear that lives in the North Pole
Unit 4   28   polar bear             polar bear          orso polare                                            (=most northern part of the Earth)              Polar bears can run surprisingly fast.
                                                                                                                                                                We need a fuel that won't pollute the
Unit 4   28   pollute                pollute             inquinare                                              to make water, air, soil, etc. dirty or harmful environment.
                                                                                                                something which you buy or keep to remember
Unit 4   29   souvenir               souvenir            souvenir, ricordo                                      a special event or holiday                      a souvenir shop
                                                                                                                a group of plants or animals which share
Unit 4   28   species                species             specie                                                 similar characteristics                         a rare species of bird

Unit 4   28   suffer                 suffer              soffrire, patire                         EXPERIENCE to experience something bad                           I can't bear to see animals suffering.

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                                                                                                           to look after someone by paying for their food,
Unit 4   28   support                support            mantenere                             PAY          clothes, etc.                                        She has three children to support.
                                                                                                           the long, narrow part that sticks out at the back    The dog's pleased to see you - he's wagging his
Unit 4   31   tail                   tail               coda                                  ANIMAL       of an animal's body                                  tail.
Unit 4   31   times                  times              per, moltiplicato per                              multiplied by                                        Ten times three is thirty.
                                                                                                                                                                Animals are usually happier in the wild than in
Unit 4   29   wild                   wild               ambiente naturale, allo stato brado                in the wild' means in a natural environment          a zoo.
                                                                                                           one of the two parts that a bird or insect uses to
Unit 4   31   wing                   wing               ala                                   CREATURE     fly                                                  The bird's wings were covered in oil.
Unit 5   34   absolutely             absolutely         assolutamente                                      completely                                           The food was absolutely delicious.
Unit 5   34   anxious                anxious            ansioso                               WORRIED      worried and nervous                                  She's very anxious about her exams.
Unit 5   34   astonished             astonished         stupito, meravigliato                              very surprised                                       He was astonished at her behaviour.
                                                                                                           If the wind blows, it moves and makes currents
Unit 5   36   blow                   blow               soffiare                              WIND         of air.                                              A cool sea breeze was blowing.
                                     calm down(sb) or                                                      to stop feeling upset, angry, or excited, or to
Unit 5   36   calm down              calm (sb) down)    calmarsi                                           make someone stop feeling this way              Calm down and tell me what's wrong.
Unit 5   36   come down              come down          cadere (al suolo)                     FALL         to fall and land on the ground                  A lot of trees came down in the storm.
                                                                                                                                                           Not content with second place, Jeff played only
Unit 5   34   content                content            contento, soddisfatto                              happy or satisfied                              to win.
                                                                                                                                                           I'd be absolutely delighted to accept your
Unit 5   34   delighted              delighted          lietissimo                                         very pleased                                    invitation.
                                                                                                           If a vehicle draws up, it arrives somewhere and He drew up outside her house in a yellow sports
Unit 5   36   draw up                draw up            fermarsi, accostarsi                               stops.                                          car.

Unit 5   35   end up                 end up             finire                                             to finally be in a particular place or situation     I never thought he'd end up in prison.
Unit 5   34   extremely              extremely          estremamente                                       very, or much more than usual                        extremely beautiful
                                                                                                                                                                I've always been frightened of going to the
Unit 5   34   frightened             frightened         aver paura di (sth/to do sth)                      afraid or nervous                                    dentist.
Unit 5   34   furious                furious            furioso                               ANGRY        extremely angry                                      He's furious at the way he's been treated.
Unit 5   36   grab                   grab               acchiappare, afferrare, agguantare    SUDDENLY     to take hold of something or someone suddenly He grabbed my arm and pulled me away.
                                                                                                                                                         Ben began to get increasingly irritated by/at
Unit 5   34   irritated              irritated          irritato                                           annoyed                                       her questions.
Unit 5   34   petrified              petrified          pietrificato                                       extremely frightened                          I'm petrified of spiders.

Unit 5   36   pour                   pour               piovere a dirotto                     RAIN         to rain, producing a lot of water                    We can't go out in this weather - it's pouring!
                                                                                              START                                                             I just managed to get on the bus before it pulled
Unit 5   36   pull away              pull away          allontanarsi, muoversi da             MOVING       If a vehicle pulls away, it starts moving.           away.
                                                                                                           If a vehicle pulls up, it stops, often for a short   A car pulled up outside the bank and two men
Unit 5   36   pull up                pull up            fermarsi                                           time.                                                got out.
                                                                                                           feeling happy because something unpleasant
                                                        essere sollevato che/da, sentirsi                  did not happen or you are not worried about
Unit 5   34   relieved               relieved           tranquillizzato che/da                             something any more                                   I'm just relieved that she's safe and well.
                                                                                                           pleased because you have got what you wanted,
                                                                                                           or because something has happened in the way
Unit 5   34   satisfied              satisfied          soddisfatto                                        that you wanted                                      Are you satisfied with the new arrangement?
                                     scared/worried                                                                                                             I was scared/worried stiff when I heard
Unit 5   34   scared/worried stiff   stiff              spaventato, preoccupatissimo                       very frightened or worried                           someone moving around upstairs.

                                                                                                           If you are shaking, your body makes quick
                                                                                                           short movements, or you feel as if it is doing so, I was shaking like a leaf/ UK like a jelly (= very
Unit 5   35   shake                  shake              tremare, rabbrividire                 MOVE        because you are frightened or nervous               nervous) before my exam.
Unit 5   37   shoot                  shoot              sparare                               FIRE BULLET to fire a bullet from a gun                         Don't shoot!
Unit 5   37   steady                 steady             fermo, fisso                          STILL       still and not shaking                               You need steady hands to be a dentist.
                                                                                                                                                              The students looked tense as they waited for
Unit 5   34   tense                  tense              teso                                  FEELING      nervous, worried, and not able to relax            their exam results.
Unit 5   34   terrified              terrified          atterrito, terrorizzato                            very frightened                                    I'm terrified of flying.
Unit 5   34   totally                totally            totalmente                                         completely                                         They look totally different.
                                                                                                           worried because you think something bad
Unit 5   34   uneasy                 uneasy             a disagio, inquieto, ansioso                       might happen                                       I feel a bit uneasy about her travelling alone.
                                                        apparire in (TV…), comparsa,
Unit 6   40   appearance             appearance         apparizione                           IN PUBLIC    an occasion when someone appears in public           a television/public appearance
                                                                                                           a reason or reasons why you support or oppose        There are many arguments for/against nuclear
Unit 6   41   argument               argument           discussione, disputa                  REASON       an idea, action, etc.                                energy.
                                                                                              NOT          when a vehicle or machine stops working for a        I had a breakdown (= my car stopped working)
Unit 6   42   breakdown              breakdown          guastarsi, avere un guasto            WORKING      period of time                                       in the middle of the road.

Unit 6   40   broadcast              broadcast          trasmettere                                        to send out a programme on television or radio The concert will be broadcast live next week.
                                                                                                                                                          People were imprisoned, and, in some cases,
Unit 6   41   case                   case               caso                                  SITUATION    a particular situation or example of something killed for their beliefs.
                                                                                                                                                          Some people aren't interested in reading about
Unit 6   40   celebrity              celebrity          celebrità, star                                    a famous person                                celebrities.
Unit 6   40   contest                contest            gara, competizione, concorso                       a competition or election                      He won the spelling contest.
                                                                                              EASY TO
Unit 6   43   delicate               delicate           delicato                              DAMAGE       easy to damage or break                              a delicate china cup
                                                                                                           when you are known by many people because            She moved to London in search of fame and
Unit 6   40   fame                   fame               fama, notorietà, successo                          of your achievements, skills, etc.                   fortune.

                                                                                                                                         Page 5 of 20
                                                                                                                able to use a language naturally without
Unit 6   RS   fluent                  fluent           parlare correntemente/fluentemente         ABILITY       stopping or making mistakes                       She is fluent in six languages.

                                                                                                  CONVERSATI conversation or reports about other people's
Unit 6   41   gossip                  gossip           pettegolezzo                               ON         private lives that might or might not be true        an interesting piece of gossip
                                                                                                                a line of words printed in large letters as the
                                                                                                                title of a story in a newspaper, or the main
                                                                                                                points of the news that are broadcast on          The news of his death was splashed in headlines
Unit 6   40   headline                headline         titoli/titolo (di testa)                                 television or radio                               across all the newspapers.
                                                                                                                causing someone to admire or respect you
                                                       non essere positivamente colpito, non                    because of something that you have done or        Your mother was clearly not impressed by our
Unit 6   40   impressed               impressed        avere una buona impressione                              said                                              behaviour in the restaurant.
Unit 6   40   inspiration             inspiration      ispirazione                                              an example which people admire                    She is is an inspiration to us all.
                                                                                                                to not go somewhere or near something, or to
                                                                                                                prevent someone from going somewhere or
Unit 6   41   keep (sb/sth) away      keep away        tenersi lontano                                          near something                                    Keep away from the edge of the cliff.
              keep down sth or keep                                                               NO            to stop the number, level, or size of something
Unit 6   41   sth down                keep down        tenere a bada, contenere, controllare      INCREASE      from increasing                                   I exercise to keep my weight down.

                                                                                                                to make a child stay inside as a punishment, or   The doctors decided to keep him in for another
Unit 6   41   keep sb in              keep in          tenere, trattenere, tenere in/a casa                     to make someone stay in hospital                  night.
                                                       continuare a (to do st), insistere a/su,                 to continue to do something, or to do             I wish he wouldn't keep on about how much he
Unit 6   41   keep on (doing sth)     keep on          seguitare                                                something again and again                         earns.

                                                                                                  NOT CHANGE
Unit 6   41   keep to sth             keep to          mantenersi a, attenersi a                  PLANS      to do what you have promised or planned to do I think we should keep to our original plan.
                                                                                                                to move at the same speed as someone or
                                                       star dietro, mantenersi al passo con,                    something that is moving forward so that you      She was walking so fast I couldn't keep up with
Unit 6   41   keep up (with sb/sth)   keep up          tener dietro a                             SAME SPEED stay level with them                                 her.
                                                                                                            to be able to understand or deal with
                                                       stare al passo con, mantenersi al          UNDERSTAN something that is happening or changing very          I feel it's important to keep up with current
Unit 6   41   keep up (with sb/sth)   keep up          passo con                                  D         fast                                                  events.
Unit 6   41   living                  living           vivere                                               the money that you earn from your job                 to earn/make a living
Unit 6   41   look up to sb           look up to       aver rispetto per                                    to respect and admire someone                         He really looks up to his father.

                                                                                                                a way of making money by selling numbered
                                                                                                                tickets to people who then have a chance of
Unit 6   42   lottery                 lottery          lotteria                                                 winning a prize if their number is chosen         the national lottery
                                                                                                                newspapers and magazines, or the people who
Unit 6   41   the press               the press        la stampa, i giornali                                    write them                                        the local/national press
                                                                                                                when you are alone and people cannot see or       I hate sharing a bedroom - I never get any
Unit 6   41   privacy                 privacy          privacy, star da soli                                    hear what you are doing                           privacy.
                                                                                                                the advantages and disadvantages of               We discussed the pros and cons of buying a
Unit 6   43   the pros and cons       pro              i pro e contro                                           something                                         bigger house.
                                                                                                                relating to a region (=particular area in a
Unit 6   40   regional                regional         regionale                                                country)                                          a regional dialect/newspaper
                                                                                                                something that shocks people because they
Unit 6   41   scandal                 scandal          scandalo                                                 think it is morally wrong                         a sex scandal

                                                       effetto sensazionale, impressionare,                  a lot of excitement, surprise, or interest, or the
Unit 6   41   sensation               sensation        colpo                                      EXCITEMENT person or event that causes these feelings           Their affair caused a sensation.
Unit 6   40   talent                  talent           talento                                               a natural ability to do something                    She showed an early talent for drawing.

                                                                                                                An understandable feeling or action is one that
Unit 6   41   understandable          understandable   comprensibile                                            you would expect in that particular situation.    It's understandable that he's angry.
Unit 7   48   can’t stand sb/sth      cant stand       non sopportare                                           (informal) to hate someone or something           I can't stand people being late.
                                                                                                                to shout loudly in order to show your approval    The crowd stood up and cheered at the end of
Unit 7   49   cheer                   cheer            applaudire, incitare                                     or to encourage someone                           the concert.

Unit 7   50   course                  course           campo, pista                               SPORT         an area used for horse races or playing golf      a golf course

Unit 7   49   course                  course           corso                                      LESSONS       a series of lessons about a particular subject    She did a ten-week course in computing.
Unit 7   50   court                   court            campo                                      SPORT         an area for playing particular sports             a tennis/basketball court
                                                                                                                to be involved in the activity of buying and
                                                                                                                selling goods and services, or a particular
                                                                                                                company that does this, or work you do to earn    Our firm does a lot of business with overseas
Unit 7   50   do business (with sb)   business         trattare, fare affari, operare, lavorare                 money                                             customers.

                                                                                                                                                                  Recent discoveries about corruption have done
Unit 7   50   do damage               damage           danneggiare                                              to cause harm or injury                           serious damage to the company's reputation.
Unit 7   50   do sb a favour          favour           fare un favore a (someone), aiutare        HELP          to do something to help someone                   Could you do me a favour please?

Unit 7   50   do sth for a living     living           fare il/la … come lavoro, professione                    to earn money by doing a job                      What does he do for a living?
                                                                                                                                                                  There's no mayonnaise left, so I'm afraid you'll
                                      do without                                                                to manage without having someone or               just have to do without./Jack's the kind of
Unit 7   50   do without (sb/sth)     (sb/sth)         fare a meno di (sth)                                     something                                         player we can't do without.

                                                                                                                                            Page 6 of 20
                                                                                                                                                                             extreme sports such as bungee jumping and
Unit 7    RS      extreme sport            extreme sport      sport estremo                                              a sport that is very dangerous and exciting         snowboarding
                                                                                                           HAVE          to start having problems that you cannot deal       Their relationship fell apart after they moved to
Unit 7   52 EF4   fall apart               fall apart         andare a/in pezzi                            PROBLEMS      with                                                Detroit.
                                                                                                                         to suddenly have strong, romantic feelings
Unit 7   52 EF4   fall for sb              fall for sb        perdere la testa per, innamorarsi di                       about someone                                       He has really fallen for her.
                                                                                                                         to argue with someone and stop being friendly       Have you and Sam fallen out with each other
Unit 7   52 EF4   fall out (with sb)       fall out           litigare                                                   with them                                           again?
                                                                                                                         If a plan or agreement falls through, it fails to   At the last moment our holidays plans fell
Unit 7   52 EF4   fall through             fall through       andare a monte, fallire                                    happen.                                             through.

Unit 7    53      field                    field              campo                                        SPORT         an area of grass where you can play a sport         a football field
                                                                                                                         the condition of being physically strong and
Unit 7    51      fitness                  fitness            forma (fisica), buona salute                 HEALTHY       healthy                                             physical fitness

Unit 7    50      gym                      gym                palestra                                     BUILDING      a building with equipment for doing exercises       Nick goes to the gym three times a week.

                                                                                                                         a sport in which you do physical exercises on
                                                                                                                         the floor and on different pieces of equipment,
Unit 7    50      gymnastics               gymnastics         ginnastica                                                 often in competitions                               She goes to a gymnastics class once a week.
Unit 7    48      ice skate                ice skate          pattinaggio sul ghiaccio                                   to move across ice using ice skates                 Do you enjoy ice skating?
Unit 7    50      lap                      lap                giro, tappa                                  RACE          one journey around a circular race track            He's two laps behind the leaders.
                                                                                                                         something made with a piece of net, for
                                                                                                                         example for catching fish or insects, or for
Unit 7    53      net                      net                rete                                         OBJECT        sports                                              a tennis/basketball net

                                                                                                           SPORTS        in sports, an advantage given to a team when        They won a penalty in the first five minutes of
Unit 7    50      penalty                  penalty            (calcio di) punizione, (calcio di) rigore,   ADVANTAGE     the opposing team has broken a rule                 the game.
Unit 7    49      pitch                    pitch              campo                                        SPORT         an area of ground where a sport is played           a cricket/football pitch
                                                                                                                         someone who makes sure that players follow
Unit 7    50      referee                  referee            arbitro                                                    the rules during a sports game                      The referee held up a red card.
                                                                                                           BAD           to do something although something bad might        There are more health risks when older women
Unit 7    50      take a risk              risk               rischio                                      POSSIBILITY   happen because of it                                get pregnant.
                                                                                                                         to move a boat or move someone in a boat
                                                                                                                         through the water using oars (=poles with flat      They rowed out to an island in the centre of the
Unit 7    48    row                        row                vogare, remare                                             ends)                                               lake.
Unit 7    RS    scary                      scary              che mette/fa paura, terrificante                           frightening                                         a scary place/woman
Unit 7   52 EF4 ski                        ski                sciare                                                     to move over snow wearing skis                      They go skiing every year.
                                                                                                                                                                             They won 4-0 in front of over 40,000 cheering
Unit 7    50      spectator                spectator          spettatore                                                 someone who watches an event, sport, etc.           spectators.

                                                                                                                         a group of people who play a sport or game
Unit 7    48      team                     team               squadra, team                                SPORT         together against another group of players           a basketball/football team
Unit 7    48      track                    track              pista                                        RACE          a path, often circular, used for races              a race track
                                                                                                                         to have an influence on someone or something,       I was deeply affected by the film (= It caused
Unit 8    57      affect                   affect             colpire, essere affetto da                   INFLUENCE     or to cause them to change                          strong feelings in me).
                                                                                                                         If you are accustomed to something, you have
                  be accustomed to                                                                                       experienced it often enough for it to seem          She isn't accustomed to dealing with so much
Unit 8    56      sth/doing sth            accustomed         essere abituato a                                          normal to you.                                      media attention.
Unit 8    54      be friends with          friend             essere amico di                                            to know and like someone                            I have been friends with Jo for years.

Unit 8    54      confident                confident          sicuro                                       ABILITY       certain about your ability to do things well        a confident grin
                                                                                                           NOT           saying that someone or something is bad or
Unit 8    54      critical                 critical           critico                                      PLEASED       wrong                                               a critical report
                                                                                                                         to think that someone or something is bad or
Unit 8    54      disapprove               disapprove         disapprovare                                               wrong                                               Her family disapproved of the marriage.

                                                                                                                         (UK) If two or more people get on, they like        I never knew that Karen didn't get on with
Unit 8    57      get on (with sb)         get on             andare d'accordo con                                       each other and are friendly to each other.          Sue./We have always got on well.

Unit 8    54      housework                housework          lavori di casa/domestici                                   the work that you do to keep your house clean       I can't stand doing housework.
Unit 8    56      keep/break a promise     promise            mantenere/rompere una promessa               CERTAINLY     to do/not do what you said that you would do        Please don't break your promise!
Unit 8    54      keep a secret            secret             mantenere un segreto                                       to not tell anyone a secret that you know           Can you keep a secret?
                                                              tenere sveglio (someone), tenersi
Unit 8    56      keep sb awake            awake              sveglio, stare sveglio                                     to prevent someone from sleeping                    I drink a lot of coffee to keep me awake.
Unit 8    54      kid                      kid                bambino                                      CHILD         a child or young person                             school kids
                                                                                                                                                                             She made a fortune selling her story to the
Unit 8    56      make a fortune           make a fortune     fare fortuna                                               to make a lot of money                              newspapers.

Unit 8    57      make friends (with sb)   make friends with stringere amicizie, farsi degli amici                       to begin to know and like someone                   He's shy and finds it difficult to make friends.

Unit 8    56      mood                     mood               umore                                        FEELING       the way someone feels at a particular time          to be in a good/bad mood

Unit 8    54      neighbourhood            neighbourhood      vicinato                                                   an area of a town or city that people live in       I grew up in a very poor neighbourhood.

                                                                                                                                                      Page 7 of 20
                                                                                                             feeling very pleased about something you have
                                                                                                             done, something you own, or someone you
Unit 8    54   proud                  proud         orgoglioso                                 PLEASED       know                                          She was so proud of her son.

Unit 8    55   selfish                selfish       egoista, egoistico                                       caring only about yourself and not other people   It's very selfish of him.
Unit 8    54   sensible               sensible      sensato, assennato, saggio                 JUDGMENT      showing good judgment                             a sensible decision
                                                                                               AT SAME       to have or use something at the same time as
Unit 8    54   share                  share         condividere, dividere                      TIME          someone else                                      She shares a house with Paul.
Unit 8    54   storey                 storey        piano                                                    a level of a building                             a three-storey house
Unit 8    54   struggle               struggle      far fatica a (to do sth), lottare contro   TRY           to try very hard to do something difficult        He's struggling to pay off his debts.
               taste good/bad/sweet
Unit 8    56   etc.                   taste         avere un sapore buono/cattivo/dolce…, FOOD/DRINK to have a particular flavour                              This cake tastes good!
                                                                                          SOMETHING to agree that you did something bad, or that
Unit 9    63   admit                  admit         ammettere                             BAD        something bad is true                                     Both men admitted taking illegal drugs.

                                                                                                           to tell people about a product or service, for
                                                                                                           example in newspapers or on television, in          Companies are not allowed to advertise
Unit 9    60   advertise              advertise     reclamizzare                               TRY TO SELL order to persuade them to buy it                    cigarettes on television any more.

Unit 9    60   brand                  brand         marca                                      PRODUCT       a product that is made by a particular company Which brand of toothpaste do you use?

Unit 9    61   budget                 budget        budget, preventivo spese                   AMOUNT        the amount of money you have for something        an annual budget of £30 million
Unit 9    61   character              character     personaggio                                STORY         a person in a book, film, etc.                    a cartoon character

Unit 9    61   commercial             commercial    spot pubblicitario                                       an advertisement on the radio or television       a TV commercial
Unit 9    60   deadline               deadline      termine ultimo, scadenza                                 a time by which something must be done            to meet/miss a deadline
                                                                                               FEEL          to feel uncertain about something or think that
Unit 9    63   doubt                  doubt         dubitare                                   UNCERTAIN     something is not probable                         I doubt that I'll get the job.
Unit 9    62   dramatic               dramatic      emozionante, spettacolare                  EXCITING      full of action and excitement                     a dramatic rescue
                                                                                                                                                               This book has all the elements of a good
Unit 9    62   element                element       elemento                                   PART          a part of something                               detective story.
Unit 9    62   ending                 ending        finale                                     END           the last part of a story or film                  I hope this film has a happy ending.
Unit 9    61   huge                   huge          enorme, ingente                                          extremely large                                   a huge house
                                                                                                                                                               They haven't yet decided on the location of the
Unit 9    61   location               location      luogo, posto, ubicazione                                 a place or position                               new store.

Unit 9    61   message                message       messaggio, idea, significato               IDEA          the most important idea of a film, book, etc.     The book conveys a complex message.
                                                                                                             Narrow things measure a small distance from
Unit 9    61   narrow                 narrow        stretto                                    NOT WIDE      one side to the other.                            a narrow lane/street
Unit 9    62   personality            personality   personalità                                FAMOUS        a famous person                                   a well-known TV personality
Unit 9    62   powerful               powerful      potente, efficace, influente               EFFECT        having a strong effect on people                  a powerful effect/influence

                                                                                               ORGANIZING when someone controls how a film, play,
Unit 9    62   production             production    produzione                                 FILM/PLAY  programme, or musical recording is made              She wants a career in TV production.
Unit 9    63   reckon                 reckon        credere, pensare, considerare              THINK      to think that something is probably true             I reckon he likes her.
                                                                                                             the place where something is or where
                                                                                                             something happens, often in a book, play, or      The house provided the setting for the TV series
Unit 9    62   setting                setting       ambientazione, scenario, sfondo            PLACE         film                                              'Pride and Prejudice'.
Unit 9    61   shallow                shallow       poco profondo, basso, superficiale         NOT DEEP      not deep                                          shallow water
                                                                                                             to emphasize something in order to show that
Unit 9    63   stress                 stress        accentuare, porre in rilievo               EMPHASIZE     it is important                                   I stressed that this was our policy.

Unit 9    61   view                   view          punto di vista, cosa ne pensi, opinione OPINION          your opinion                                      We have different views about/on education.
                                                                                                                                                               The decorations were absolutely beautiful and
                                                                                                          used to add something surprising or                  what's more, the children had made them
Unit 9    63   what's more            what          in più, inoltre, oltretutto                           interesting to what you have just said               themselves.
                                                                                               OPPORTUNIT when you have the right or opportunity to use
Unit 10   66   access                 access        accesso                                    Y          or see something                                     I don't have access to that kind of information.

Unit 10   66   achievement            achievement   traguardo, raggiungimento, compimento GOOD THING something good that you achieve                           This film is his greatest achievement to date.
                                                                                                                                                               At first I thought she was unfriendly, but
Unit 10   69   at first               at first      di primo acchito, all'inizio                             at the beginning of a situation or period of time actually she is just shy.
                                                                                                                                                               At last, I've found a pair of jeans that actually
Unit 10   69   at last                at last       finalmente                                               finally                                           fit.

Unit 10   69   at least               at least      almeno                                                   as much as, or more than, a number or amount You'll have to wait at least an hour.
Unit 10   69   at once                at once       subito, tutto d'un tratto                                immediately                                  I knew at once that I would like it here.

Unit 10   69   at peace               at peace      in pace                                                  not fighting, not at war                          Now she is at peace and her suffering is over.
Unit 10   69   at present             at present    attualmente, al momento                                  now                                               At present she's working abroad.
                                                                                                                                                               Your father was a very troubled man, but he's
Unit 10   69   at rest                at rest       a riposo                                   STOP          not doing anything active, not moving             at rest now.
                                                                                                             when there is fighting between two or more
                                                                                                             countries, or two or more groups inside a
Unit 10   69   at war                 at war        in guerra                                                country                                           They've been at war for the last five years.

Unit 10   66   commercial             commercial    commerciale                                BUY/SELL      relating to buying and selling things             a commercial organization/venture/success

                                                                                                                                           Page 8 of 20
Unit 10   66   concept          concept          concetto                                              an idea or principle                               the concept of free speech

Unit 10   66   decade           decade           decennio                                              a period of ten years                              She has been working for the last six decades.
                                                                                                       an organized journey, especially a long one for
Unit 10   66   expedition       expedition       spedizione                                            a particular purpose                               Peary led the first expedition to the North Pole.
Unit 10   67   illegal          illegal          illegale                                              not allowed by law                                 illegal drugs/weapons
Unit 10   67   immoral          immoral          immorale                                              morally wrong                                      immoral behaviour
                                                                                           EASILY      easily annoyed by someone's mistakes or            I do get impatient with the children when they
Unit 10   67   impatient        impatient        impaziente                                ANNOYED     because you have to wait                           won't do their homework.

                                                 non appropriato, inadeguato, fuori
Unit 10   67   innappropriate   innappropriate   luogo, inadatto, improprio, inopportuno               unsuitable for a particular situation or person
                                                                                                       without much experience or knowledge of
Unit 10   67   inexperienced    inexperienced    senza esperienza, inesperto                           something                                          Kennedy was young and inexperienced.

                                                                                                       Irregular actions or events happen with a
Unit 10   67   irregular        irregular        irregolare                                TIME        different amount of time between each one.         an irregular heartbeat
                                                                                                       not thinking about the possible bad results of
Unit 10   67   irresponsible    irresponsible    irresponsabile                                        what you are doing                                 an irresponsible attitude
                                                                                                                                                          There's an urgent need for more medical
Unit 10   66   need             need             bisogno, necessità                                    something that is necessary to have or do          supplies.
Unit 10   66   proposal         proposal         proposta                                  PLAN        a suggestion for a plan                            a proposal to raise taxes
                                                                                                                                                          They knew who had stolen the money, but they
Unit 10   66   prove            prove            provare, dimostrare                                   to show that something is true                     couldn't prove it.

Unit 10   66   rocket           rocket           razzo, missile                            VEHICLE     a tube-shaped vehicle for travelling in space      Scientists are designing a new type of rocket.
                                                                                                       relating to science, or using the organized
Unit 10   67   scientific       scientific       scientifico                                           methods of science                                 scientific experiments/research
                                                                                                                                                          These measures will save a significant amount
Unit 10   66   significant      significant      considerevole, notevole, significativo                important or noticeable                            of money.
Unit 10   67   solution         solution         soluzione                                 ANSWER      the answer to a problem                            There's no easy solution to this problem.
Unit 10   66   space            space            spazio                                    EARTH       the area outside the Earth                         They plan to send another satellite into space.

                                                                                                       to give money to someone to support an
                                                                                                       activity, event, or organization, sometimes as a
Unit 10   66   sponsor          sponsor          sponsorizzare                                         way to advertise your company or product           The event is sponsored by First National Bank.
                                                                                                       someone who supports a particular idea,
Unit 10   66   supporter        supporter        sostenitore                               IDEA        group, or person                                   a strong supporter of the government
                                                                                                       knowledge, equipment, and methods that are
Unit 10   66   technology       technology       tecnologia                                            used in science and industry                       computer technology
                                                                                                       behaving in an angry and violent way towards
Unit 11   74   aggressive       aggressive       aggressivo                                ANGRY       another person                                     He was drunk and aggressive.
                                                                                                       If you blush, your face becomes red, especially
Unit 11   75   blush            blush            arrossire                                             because you are embarrassed.                       He blushed with shame.
Unit 11   74   bossy            bossy            prepotente                                            always telling other people what to do             Don't be so bossy!
                                                                                                       a typical or obvious quality that makes one
Unit 11   73   characteristic   characteristic   caratteristica                                        person or thing different from others              a national characteristic
Unit 11   74   cheerful         cheerful         allegro, di buon umore                    PERSON      happy                                              I'm not feeling very cheerful today.
                                                                                                       wanting to win or to be more successful than
Unit 11   74   competitive      competitive      competitivo                               PERSON      other people                                       She's very competitive.
                                                                                           LESS        to make someone less confident or enthusiastic
Unit 11   72   discourage       discourage       scoraggiare                               CONFIDENT   about something                                    I didn't mean to discourage her.

Unit 11   72   identical        identical        identico                                              exactly the same                                   The two rooms were almost/virtually identical.
Unit 11   72   identity         identity         identità                                  PERSON      who someone is                                     They promised to keep her identity secret.
                                                                                           EASILY      easily annoyed by someone's mistakes or            I do get impatient with the children when they
Unit 11   74   impatient        impatient        impaziente                                ANNOYED     because you have to wait                           won't do their homework.

                                                                                                       upset and angry because someone you love
Unit 11   74   jealous          jealous          geloso                                    LOVE        seems too interested in another person             a jealous husband
                                                                                                       Someone who is lazy does not like working or
Unit 11   74   lazy             lazy             pigro                                     WORK        using any effort.                                  You lazy thing!
                                                                                                       always liking and supporting someone or
                                                                                                       something, sometimes when other people do
Unit 11   74   loyal            loyal            fedele, devoto                                        not                                                a loyal supporter
Unit 11   73   only child       only child       figlio unico, figlia unica                            someone who has no brothers or sisters             He enjoys being an only child.

Unit 11   74   optimistic       optimistic       ottimista, ottimistico                                always believing that good things will happen      We're optimistic about our chances of success.

Unit 11   72   resemble         resemble         assomigliare a, somigliare a                          to look like or be like someone or something    She resembles her father.
                                                                                                       when two things or people are similar, or a way There are a number of similarities between the
Unit 11   72   similarity       similarity       somiglianza, rassomiglianza                           in which they are similar                       two systems.

                                                                                                       determined not to change your ideas, plans,        If he doesn't want to do something he can be
Unit 11   74   stubborn         stubborn         testardo, ostinato, cocciuto                          etc., although other people want you to            very stubborn.

                                                                                                                                    Page 9 of 20
                                                                                                                                                                 Britain's tax system takes no account of
Unit 11   74   take account of         account            tenere in considerazione                                to consider something when judging a situation children.

Unit 11   72   take after sb           take after sb      assomigliare a, somigliare a                            to be similar to an older member of your family Peter's very tall - he takes after his father.

                                                          prendere in mano la situazione,                         to take control of or make yourself responsible     I was happy to let her take charge of paying all
Unit 11   74   take charge             take charge        incaricarsi di, assumere il controllo di                for something                                       the bills.
                                                                                                                  to not show that you are grateful for someone
                                                                                                                  or something, and forget that you are lucky to
Unit 11   74   take for granted        take for granted   dare per scontato                                       have them                                           Most of us take our freedom for granted.
Unit 11   74   take off                 take off          decollare, prendere il via                 L            to suddenly become successful                       Her career had just taken off.
               take out sth or take sth
Unit 11   74   out                      take out          tirare fuori                                            to remove something from somewhere                  He reached into his bag and took out a book.
                                                                                                                  to believe that someone or something is
                                                          prendere (someone, sth) seriamente,                     important and that you should pay attention to      The police have to take any terrorist threat
Unit 11   74   take sb/sth seriously   seriously          sul serio                                               them                                                seriously.
                                                                                                                  If two or more people take turns, one person
                                                                                                                  does something, then another person does
Unit 11   72   take turns              take turns         a turno, fare a turno                                   something, etc.                                     They all took turns carrying the suitcase.
                                                                                                                  one of two children who are born to the same
Unit 11   73   twin                    twin               gemello                                                 mother at the same time                             She is expecting twins.
Unit 11   74   unpopular               unpopular          sgradito, impopolare                                    disliked by most people                             an unpopular idea
Unit 11   74   unreliable              unreliable         inaffidabile                                            not able to be trusted or depended on               an unreliable witness
Unit 11   74   witty                   witty              spiritoso, brillante                                    using words in a funny and clever way               a witty comment

Unit 12   81   attic                   attic              mansarda                                                a room at the top of a house under the roof         They keep old furniture in the attic.
                                                                                                                  (US) a metal structure on wheels that is used
Unit 12   79   cart                    cart               carrello                                   SHOP         for carrying things                                 Put your shopping in the cart.
                                                                                                                  to have an opinion after considering all the        I've come to the conclusion that we'll have to sell
Unit 12   79   come to a conclusion    conclusion         giungere alla conclusione che                           information about something                         the car.
                                                                                                                  make a choice about something after thinking        The committee should come to/reach a final
Unit 12   81   come to a decision      decision           prendere una decisione                                  about several possibilities                         decision by next week.
                                                                                                     SATISFACTO when someone says that something is wrong or
Unit 12   78   complaint               complaint          reclamo, esposto, lamentela                RY         not satisfactory                             a letter of complaint
                                                                                                                  plates, cups, and other dishes, especially those    Remains of Roman crockery were found at the
Unit 12   80   crockery                crockery           stoviglie, terraglie                                    made from clay                                      site.
                                                                                                                  Crunchy food is hard and makes a noise when
Unit 12   79   crunchy                 crunchy            croccante                                               you eat it.                                         crunchy green apples
Unit 12   80   cutlery                 cutlery            posate, posateria                                       knives, forks, and spoons                           Please help yourself to cutlery.
                                                                                                                  to design or invent something such as a system,     He's good at devising language games that you
Unit 12   79   devise                  devise             escogitare, progettare, inventare                       plan, or piece of equipment                         can play with students in class.
                                                                                                     DO THE       to do something that has already been done, in
Unit 12   79   duplicate               duplicate          ripetere, duplicare                        SAME         exactly the same way                                Ajax hope to duplicate last year's success.
Unit 12   81   fall asleep             fall asleep        addormentarsi                                           to start sleeping                                   He fell asleep in front of the TV.
                                                                                                                                                                      Sophia fell ill/was taken ill (= became ill) while
Unit 12   81   fall ill                ill                ammalarsi                                               to become unwell                                    on holiday.
                                                                                                                  to be very attracted to someone and begin to
Unit 12   81   fall in love            fall in love       innamorarsi                                             love them                                           They met and fell madly in love.

                                                                                                                  (informal) annoyed or bored by something that
Unit 12   79   fed up                  fed up             stufo                                                   you have experienced for too long                   I'm fed up with my job.
                                                                                                     MAKE         to do something that is expected, hoped for or      A school fails if it does not fulfil the
Unit 12   79   fulfil                  fulfil             soddisfare, esaudire                       HAPPEN       promised or to cause it to happen                   needs/requirements of its pupils.
                                                          spesa, generi alimentari, roba da                       goods bought to be used in the home such as
Unit 12   78   groceries               groceries          mangiare (informal)                                     food and cleaning products                          Can you help me to carry these groceries?
                                                                                                                  a disease in a part of your body that is caused
Unit 12   79   infection               infection          infezione                                               by bacteria or a virus                              an ear/throat infection

Unit 12   81   inventor                inventor           inventore                                               someone who designs and makes new things            He wants to be an inventor.
                                                                                                                  to make a joke about someone or something in        The other children at school used to make fun of
Unit 12   78   make fun of             fun                prendere in giro (someone)                              an unkind way                                       his hair.
                                                                                                                  to study a subject in detail in order to discover   He spent several years researching a rare
Unit 12   79   research                research           fare ricerche, studiare                                 new information about it                            African dialect.
                                                                                                                  an activity or a set of actions that are always
                                                                                                                  done in the same way or at the same time,           Coffee and the paper are part of my morning
Unit 12   79   ritual                  ritual             rituale                                                 sometimes as part of a religion                     ritual.
Unit 12   79   soggy                   soggy              bagnato fradicio, inzuppato, zuppo                      very wet and soft                                   soggy ground
Unit 12   79   stale                   stale              stantio, vecchio                           OLD          old and not fresh                                   stale bread

                                                                                                                  to become joined to something else or to make
                                                                                                                  something become joined to something else,          Anne stuck a picture of her boyfriend on the
Unit 12   79   stick                   stick              attaccare, incollare                       JOIN         usually with a substance like glue                  wall.
Unit 12   78   substance               substance          sostanza                                   MATERIAL     a solid, liquid, or gas                             a dangerous substance
                                                                                                                  a feeling or belief that someone has done           I had a sneaking suspicion that the two events
Unit 12   80   suspicion               suspicion          sospetto                                                something wrong                                     might be connected.

                                                                                                                                              Page 10 of 20
                                                                                                                                                                      He's against the idea, but I think I can talk him
Unit 12   80   talk sb into (doing) sth   talk sb into      persuadere a (to do sth), attirare                    to persuade someone to do something                 into it.
                                                                                                                  to be able to see the difference between two        As babies, the twins were so alike that I just
Unit 12   81   tell sb/sth apart          tell apart        distinguere                                           very similar things or people                       couldn't tell them apart.
Unit 12   81   tell a lie                 tell a lie        dire bugie                                            to say something/things that are not true           She's always telling lies.
                                                                                                    DESCRIPTIO    to entertain people with a description of a
Unit 12   81   tell a story               tell a story      raccontare una storia/ fiaba            N             series of real or imaginary events                  Tell us a story, Mum.
                                                                                                                  to change something completely, usually to          Within weeks they had transformed the area
Unit 12   79   transform                  transform         trasformare                                           improve it                                          into a beautiful garden.

Unit 13   86   accuse                     accuse            accusare                                              to say that someone has done something bad          He was falsely accused of murder.
                                                                                                    CAUSE         to influence someone or something, or cause
Unit 13   88   affect                     affect            colpire, essere affetto da              CHANGE        them to change                                      It's a disease which affects many older people.

Unit 13   88   ambition                   ambition          ambizione                               HOPE          something you want to achieve in your life          My ambition is to retire at forty.
               apologise (UK) /                                                                                   to tell someone that you are sorry about
Unit 13   88   apologize                  apologize         scusarsi                                              something you have done                             The pilot apologized to passengers for the delay.
                                                                                                                  to say that something is true, although you
Unit 13   88   claim                      claim             asserire, dichiarare, sostenere         SAY           have not proved it                                  She claimed that the dog attacked her.

                                                                                                                  to say that something is not true, especially
Unit 13   88   deny                       deny              negare                                  NOT TRUE      something that you are accused of                   He never denied that he said those things.
                                                            educate: educare, istruire; educated:
Unit 13   88   educate                    educate           studiare, fare gli studi                TEACH         to teach someone at a school or college             She was educated at the Perse School.
                                                                                                                  Someone who is educated has learned a lot at
                                                                                                                  school or university and has a good level of
Unit 13   89   educated                   educated          colto, istruito                                       knowledge.                                          an educated young woman
                                                                                                                                                                      Reducing the size of classes may improve
Unit 13   88   educational                educational       didattico                                             providing education or relating to education        educational standards.
                                                                                                                                                                      You've got to face up to the truth sometime -
Unit 13   89   face up to                 face up to        accettare                                             to accept that a difficult situation exists         he'll never marry you.
Unit 13   86   feel                       feel              credere che, pensare che                OPINION       to think something or have an opinion               I feel that he's the best person for the job.

                                                                                                                  to say firmly that something is true, especially    Mia insisted that she and Carlo were just
Unit 13   88   insist                     insist            insistere                               SAY           when other people do not believe you                friends.
                                                                                                                  to briefly speak or write about something or
Unit 13   86   mention                    mention           menzionare, citare                                    someone                                             I'll mention your ideas to Caroline.

                                                                                                                  a situation in which it is possible for you to do
Unit 13   87   opportunity                opportunity       opportunità                             CHANCE        something, or a possibility of doing something      opportunities for young graduates
                                                                                                                                                                      The company's performance was poor for the
Unit 13   88   performance                performance       rendimento                              SUCCESS       how successful someone or something is              first two years.
Unit 13   87   position                   position          posto (di lavoro), impiego              JOB           a job                                               to apply for a position in a company
                                                                                                    DEVELOPME     development and improvement of skills,
Unit 13   89   progress                   progress          progresso                               NT            knowledge, etc.                                     slow/rapid progress

                                                                                                                  to say that you will certainly do something or
Unit 13   88   promise                    promise           promettere                              SAY           that something will certainly happen                She promised to write to me every week.
                                                                                                                  an official record showing that you have            Do you have any
                                                                                                                  finished a training course or have the necessary    teaching/legal/medical/secretarial/academic
Unit 13   87   qualification              qualification     qualifica, titolo di studio                           skills, etc.                                        qualifications?

Unit 13   88   refuse                     refuse            rifiutare, rifiutarsi                                 to say that you will not do or accept something     I asked him to leave but he refused.
                                                                                                                  related or useful to what is happening or being
Unit 13   87   relevant                   relevant          relativo                                              talked about                                        relevant information
                                                                                                                  a level of quality, especially a level that is
Unit 13   87   standard                   standard          standard, livello                       QUALITY       acceptable                                          high moral standards
Unit 13   88   urge                       urge              esortare, raccomandare vivamente                      to strongly advise an action                        Financial experts are urging caution.
                                                                                                                  to advise someone not to do something that
Unit 13   88   warn                       warn              avvertire                               ADVISE        could cause danger or trouble                       I warned you not to tell her.
                                                                                                                  to want a situation that is different from the
Unit 13   86   wish                       wish              vorrei che (conditional)                WANT          one that exists                                     I wish I had been there.
                                                                                                                                                                      I'm trying to be more adventurous with my
Unit 14   92   adventurous                adventurous       avventuroso                             NEW THINGS willing to try new and often difficult things          cooking.
Unit 14   93   above all                  above all         soprattutto, più di tutto                             more than anything                                  Above all, I'd like to thank everyone.
Unit 14   93   all along                  all along         per tutto il tempo, da sempre                         from the beginning of a period of time              I said all along that it was a mistake.
Unit 14   93   all in all                 all in all        tutto sommato, tutto considerato                      considering everything                              All in all, I think she did well.
Unit 14   93   all of a sudden            all of a sudden   all'improvviso                                        unexpectedly                                        All of a sudden she got up and walked out.
Unit 14   93   at all                     at all            per nulla, per niente, affatto                        in any way                                          He hasn't changed at all.
                                                                                                                  a person's education, family, and experience of
Unit 14   92   background                 background        ambiente, origine familiare             PERSON        life                                            She came from a middle-class background.

                                                                                                                  a job that you do for a long period of your life
                                                                                                                  and that gives you the chance to move to a
Unit 14   92   career                     career            carriera                                JOB           higher position and earn more money                 a successful career in marketing

                                                                                                                                                Page 11 of 20
                                                                                                               when you are willing to give your time and            We are looking for someone with talent,
Unit 14   95    commitment             commitment        impegno                                   LOYALTY     energy to something that you believe in               enthusiasm, and commitment.

Unit 14   92    concerned              concerned         interessato                               WORRIED     involved in something or affected by it               A letter will be sent out to everyone concerned.
                                                                                                               not honest and likely to lie or do something
Unit 14   93    dishonest              dishonest         disonesto, sleale                                     illegal                                               I think it was dishonest of him to keep quiet.

Unit 14   93    disorganised           disorganized      disorganizzato                            EVENT       not planned or organised well                         The competition was completely disorganized.
Unit 14   93    dissatisfied           dissatisfied      insoddisfatto                                         not pleased or happy with something                   a dissatisfied customer
                                                                                                               a person or company that pays people to work
Unit 14   92    employer               employer          datore di lavoro                                      for them                                              They pride themselves on being fair employers.

                                                                                                               when you feel very interested in something and        She has always had a lot of enthusiasm for her
Unit 14   95    enthusiasm             enthusiasm        entusiasmo                                            would very much like to be involved in it             work.
Unit 14   95    enthusiastic           enthusiastic      entusiasta, entusiastico                              showing enthusiasm                                    enthusiastic support
                                                                                                   ABLE TO     able to change or be changed easily according
Unit 14   92    flexible               flexible          flessibile                                CHANGE      to the situation                                      I'd like a job with more flexible working hours.
                                                         essere licenziato per esubero di          NOT         not working because your employer has told            Eight thousand people have been made
Unit 14   92    redundant              redundant         personale                                 WORKING     you there is not enough work                          redundant in Britain this year.
                                                                                                               something that it is your job or duty to deal         The head of the department has various
Unit 14   93    responsibility         responsibility    responsabilità                                        with                                                  additional responsibilities.

Unit 14   93    responsible            responsible       responsabile                              JOB         showing good judgment and able to be trusted          a hard-working and responsible employee
                                                                                                   REGULAR     the things you regularly do and how and when
Unit 14   92    routine                routine           routine                                   ACTIVITY    you do them                                           a daily routine
Unit 14   92    secure                 secure            sicuro                                    SAFE        safe from danger                                      I don't feel that the house is secure.

Unit 14   92    self-confident         self-confident    sicuro di sé, aver fiducia in se stessi               feeling sure about yourself and your abilities        You need to be self-confident in interviews.
Unit 14   92    support                support           sostegno, supporto                        HELP        help or encouragement                                 emotional/financial support
Unit 14   92    uncertain              uncertain         incerto                                   SITUATION   not known, or not completely certain                  The museum faces an uncertain future.

                                                                                                               money that the government gives to people             He's been claiming unemployment benefit for
Unit 14   95    unemployment benefit   benefit           sussidio di disoccupazione                            who don't have a job and are looking for a job        years.

Unit 14   93    unsuccessful           unsuccessful      fallito, mal riuscito, senza successo                 not achieving what was wanted or intended             an unsuccessful attempt/effort
                                                                                                                                                                     Information such as this is freely accessible to
Unit 15   RS    accessible             accessible        accessibile                               FIND        easy to find or reach                                 the public.
                                                                                                               a place where alcoholic drinks are sold and
                                                                                                               drunk, or the area behind the person serving
Unit 15   101   bar                    bar               bar                                       DRINKING    the drinks                                            I met him in a bar in Soho.
                                                                                                               an artificial river built for boats to travel along
Unit 15   98    canal                  canal             canale                                                or to take water where it is needed                   a canal boat
                                                                                                                                                                     There was a loud clap of thunder and then it
Unit 15   101   clap                   clap              applauso                                              a sudden loud noise made by thunder                   started to pour with rain.

Unit 15   101   consist of sth         consist of        fatto di (sth) / consiste in (sth)                    to be formed or made from two or more things a dessert consisting of fruit and cream
                                                                                                               a strong wall built across a river to stop the The Aswan High Dam is on the River Nile in
Unit 15   98    dam                    dam               diga, argine, sbarramento                             water and make a lake                          Egypt.

Unit 15   99    economical             economical        economico                                             not using a lot of money, fuel, etc.                  I need a car that's economical and reliable.
                                                                                                               the air, water and land in or on which people,        We are working in a very competitive
Unit 15   99    environment            environment       ambiente                                              animals and plants live                               environment.
                environmentally        environmentally
Unit 15   99    friendly               friendly          ecologico, non nocivo per l'ambiente                  not harmful to the environment                        environmentally-friendly washing powder
Unit 15   101   flash                  flash             lampo, sprazzo                            LIGHT       a sudden bright light                                 The bomb exploded in a flash of yellow light.
                                                                                                               when a lot of water covers an area that is
                                                                                                               usually dry, especially when a river becomes
Unit 15   98    flood                  flood             alluvione, inondazione                    WATER       too full                                              The flood destroyed thousands of homes.
                                                                                                               fuels such as gas, coal and oil, which were
                                                                                                               formed underground from plant and animal              We need to find sources of energy other than
Unit 15   99    fossil fuel            fuel              combustibile (fossile)                                remains millions of years ago                         fossil fuels.
                                                                                                               a family or group of people who live together in
Unit 15   99    household              household         casa, famiglia, unità famigliare                      a house                                               Many households own more than one television.
                                                                                                               a large area of water which has land all around
Unit 15   98    lake                   lake              lago                                                  it                                                    to go boating on the lake
                                                                                                               a sudden flash of light in the sky during a
Unit 15   100   lightning              lightning         lampo/lampi                                           storm                                                 thunder and lightning
                                                                                                               pieces of paper and other waste that are left in
Unit 15   99    litter                 litter            immondizia, cartaccia                     WASTE       public places                                         Please take your litter home.
Unit 15   101   pane                   pane              vetro, lastra di vetro                                a flat piece of glass in a window or door             The window panes were covered in dust.

                                                                                                               a small area of water, especially one that has
Unit 15   98    pond                   pond              stagno                                                been made artificially in a park or garden            There are lots of frogs in our pond.
                                                                                                               a part of a river where the water moves very          They shot (= travelled through) the rapids in a
Unit 15   98    rapids                 rapids            rapide                                                fast                                                  canoe.

                                                                                                                                             Page 12 of 20
                                                                                                  to put used paper, glass, plastic, etc. through a
Unit 15   99    recycle       recycle       riciclare                                             process so that it can be used again               We recycle all our newspapers and bottles.
                                                                                                  an artificial lake where water is stored before it
Unit 15   98    reservoir     reservoir     cisterna, bacino di riserva, serbatoio                goes to people's houses                            There's a cycle path around the reservoir.

                                                                                                  a long, natural area of water that flows across
Unit 15   98    river         river         fiume                                                 the land and into a sea, lake, or another river    the River Thames
                                                                                                  the roads or paths you follow to get from one
Unit 15   RS    route         route         via, rotta, cammino                      ROADS        place to another place                             an escape route
                                                                                                  things that you throw away because you do not
Unit 15   99    rubbish       rubbish       spazzatura, immondizia                   WASTE        want them                                          Our rubbish gets collected on Thursdays.
                                                                                                  If something is second-hand, someone else
Unit 15   99    second-hand   second-hand   usato, di seconda mano                                owned or used it before you.                       second-hand books/clothes
                                                                                                  a flat piece of food that has been cut from a
Unit 15   101   slice         slice         fetta                                                 larger piece                                       a slice of bread/cake/meat
                                                                                                  very bad weather with a lot of rain, snow, wind,
Unit 15   100   storm         storm         tempesta, temporale, bufera                           etc.                                               a snow/thunder storm
                                                                                                                                                     There's a lovely stream that flows through their
Unit 15   98    stream        stream        ruscello                                              a small river                                      garden.
Unit 15   RS    tackle        tackle        affrontare, placcare                     DEAL WITH    to try to deal with a problem                      new ways to tackle crime
                                                                                                                                                     Traffic is heavy (=there are a lot of cars, etc) in
Unit 15   100   traffic       traffic       traffico                                 CARS ETC     the cars, trucks, etc using a road                 both directions.
                                                                                                                                                     The railway track will have to be cleared of
Unit 15   RS    vegetation    vegetation    vegetazione                                           plants and trees                                   vegetation if it is to be used again.
                                                                                                  a stream of water that flows from a high place,
Unit 15   98    waterfall     waterfall     cascata                                               often to a pool below                              It is a big waterfall that you can walk behind.

                                                                                                                                                     The idea of not having to get up early every
Unit 16   104   appealing     appealing     attraente, interessante                               attractive or interesting                          morning is rather appealing (to me).
Unit 16   105   appetite      appetite      appetito                                              the feeling that makes you want to eat             All that walking has given me an appetite.
                                                                                                  having a strong, sharp, usually unpleasant
Unit 16   105   bitter        bitter        amaro                                    TASTE        taste                                              This coffee tastes very bitter.
Unit 16   105   canned        canned        in scatola                                            Canned food is sold in metal containers.           canned fruit/tomatoes
                                                                                     EAT OR                                                          He consumes vast quantities of chips with every
Unit 16   104   consume       consume       consumare                                DRINK        (formal) to eat or drink something                 meal.
                                                                                     EAT OR
Unit 16   104   consumer      consumer      consumatore                              DRINK        someone who eats or drinks something               These price cuts are good news for consumers.

Unit 16   105   dairy         dairy         latticino / latticini                                 relating to milk or products made using milk       dairy products

                                                                                                  (usually plural) a piece of information that has The findings of this research will be published
Unit 16   104   finding       finding       risultati, scoperta, verdetto                         been discovered as a result of an official study next year.

Unit 16   104   fizzy         fizzy         frizzante                                             A fizzy drink has lots of bubbles of gas in it.    She hates fizzy drinks.
                                                                                     WITHOUT      If a drink is flat, it does not contain enough
Unit 16   104   flat          flat          senza effervescenza, sgasato             GAS          bubbles of gas.                                    This cola tastes flat.

Unit 16   104   flavour       flavour       gusto                                    TASTE        the taste of a particular type of food or drink    We sell 50 different flavours of ice cream.

Unit 16   RS    grill         grill         cucinare ai ferri, arrostire             COOK         to cook food using direct heat                     Grill the fish for 2 to 3 minutes on each side.
                                                                                                  to affect or change how someone or something
Unit 16   104   influence     influence     influenzare                                           develops, behaves, or thinks                       Many factors influence a film's success.
Unit 16   105   juicy         juicy         succoso                                  FOOD         full of juice                                      juicy apples

                                                                                                  If something melts, it changes from a solid into
                                                                                     BECOME       a liquid because of heat and if you melt
Unit 16   105   melt          melt          sciogliersi                              LIQUID       something, you heat it until it becomes liquid. The sun soon melted the ice on the pond.
Unit 16   105   mild          mild          leggero, blando                          WEAK         not having a strong effect                       a mild taste

                                                                                                  the paper, box, etc. that something is inside so
Unit 16   104   packaging     packaging     imballaggio, confezione, involucro                    that it can be sold or sent somewhere              All of our packaging can be recycled.
                                                                                                                                                     The United States government rejected the
Unit 16   RS    reject        reject        respingere, rigettare                    NOT ACCEPT to refuse to accept or agree with something          proposal.
                                            nutriente, sostanzioso, molto condito                 Rich food has a lot of butter, cream, or eggs in
Unit 16   105   rich          rich          (di cibo), generoso (of wine)            FOOD         it.                                                a rich sauce
Unit 16   104   ripe          ripe          maturo                                                developed enough and ready to be eaten             ripe bananas
                                                                                                  Rotten vegetable or animal substances are
Unit 16   105   rotten        rotten        marcio, putrefatto                       DECAYING     decaying.                                          rotten eggs
                                                                                     NATURAL      one of the five natural abilities of sight,
Unit 16   105   sense         sense         senso                                    ABILITY      hearing, touch, smell, and taste                   I have a very poor sense of smell.

Unit 16   105   texture       texture       consistenza                                           the way that something feels when you touch it wood with a rough texture
                                                                                                                                                 The project will take a huge amount of time and
Unit 17   113   amount        amount        quantità                                              how much there is of something                 money.

                                                                                                                               Page 13 of 20
                                                                                                             something that is difficult and that tests    Finding a decision that pleases everyone is the
Unit 17   113   challenge           challenge         sfida                                     DIFFICULT    someone's ability or determination            challenge which now faces the committee.
                                                                                                             someone who collects objects because they are
Unit 17   110   collector           collector         collezionista                             HOBBY        interesting or beautiful                      a collector of modern art

                                                                                                             a group of objects of the same type that have
Unit 17   113   collection          collection        collezione                                OBJECTS      been collected by one person or in one place       a private art collection
                                                                                                                                                                My bike's a few years old but it's in really good
Unit 17   111   condition           condition         condizione                                STATE        the state that something or someone is in          condition.

Unit 17   113   delightful          delightful        delizioso, dilettevole, molto piacevole                very pleasant, attractive, or enjoyable            We had a delightful evening.

Unit 17   113   elegant             elegant           elegante                                               stylish or attractive in appearance or behaviour an elegant dining room

Unit 17   113   exceptional         exceptional       d'eccezione, straordinario, eccezionale GOOD           extremely good                                     an exceptional student
                                                                                                             the first of two people or things that have just
Unit 17   RS    the former          the former        il primo / la prima                                    been talked about                                  Of the two suggestions, I prefer the former.
                                                      il secondo / la seconda, quest'ultimo /                the second of two people or things that have       She offered me more money or a car, and I
Unit 17   RS    the latter          the latter        quest'ultima                                           just been talked about                             chose the latter.
                                                                                                             to take care of or be in charge of someone or      We look after the neighbours' cat while they're
Unit 17   110   look after sb/sth   look after        prendersi cura di, accudire                            something                                          away.
                                                                                                             If someone, usually an expert, looks at
Unit 17   111   look at sth         look at           esaminare, valutare                       EXAMINE      something, they examine it.                        Management is looking at ways of cutting costs.
Unit 17   111   look for sth/sb     look for          cercare                                                to try to find someone or something                I'm looking for my keys.
                                                                                                             to examine the facts about a problem or            We're looking into the possibility of merging the
Unit 17   111   look into sth       look into         valutare                                               situation                                          two departments.
                                                                                                                                                                They liked the look of the hotel, but it was too
Unit 17   111   the look of         the look of       l'aspetto di                                           the appearance of someone or something             expensive.

Unit 17   111   Look out!           Look out!         Stai attento!, Attenzione!                             something you say when someone is in danger        Look out - there's a car coming!
Unit 17   113   massive             massive           imponente, massiccio                                   very big                                           a massive building
                                                                                                                                                                John has an amazing memory for historical
Unit 17   113   memory              memory            memoria                                   ABILITY      your ability to remember                           facts.
                                                                                                             someone or something that you think about all
Unit 17   113   obsession           obsession         ossessione                                             the time                                           an unhealthy obsession with death
                                                                                                             an extreme interest in or wish for doing           Anton has a consuming passion for science
Unit 17   112   passion (for sth)   passion           passione per (sth)                                     something, such as a hobby, activity, etc.         fiction.
                                                      eccezionale, straordinario,                            very unusual or noticeable in a way that you
Unit 17   113   remarkable          remarkable        sorprendente, notevole                                 admire                                             a remarkable woman

Unit 17   113   scale               scale             portata, proporzioni, dimensioni          SIZE         the size or level of something                     We don't yet know the scale of the problem.
Unit 17   113   substantial         substantial       notevole, importante, sostanziale         AMOUNT       large in amount                                    a substantial amount of money/time
                                                                                                                                                                Scientists have developed a new technique for
Unit 17   111   technique           technique         tecnica                                                a particular or special way of doing something     taking blood samples.
Unit 17   113   vast                vast              ingente, vasto, ampio                                  extremely big                                      a vast amount of money
                                                                                                             one of two or more things that you can choose
Unit 18   118   alternative         alternative       alternativa                                            between                                            It's a low-fat alternative to butter.
                                                                                                             the story of a person's life written by another    She's written a biography of Mary Queen of
Unit 18   118   biography           biography         biografia                                              person                                             Scots.
                                                                                                                                                                He came across some of his old love letters in
Unit 18   117   come across sth     come across sth   trovare per caso, imbattersi in                        to find something by chance                        his wife's drawer.

                                                                                                BECOME       If a book, record, film, etc. comes out, it
Unit 18   119   come out            come out          uscire                                    AVAILABLE    becomes available for people to buy or see.        When does their new album come out?
                                                                                                                                                                She's come up with some amazing scheme to
Unit 18   117   come up with sth    come up with      venirsene fuori con (sth)                              to suggest or think of an idea or plan             double her income.
                                                                                                             a film or television programme that gives facts    a TV documentary about the Russian
Unit 18   118   documentary         documentary       documentario                                           about a real situation or real people              Revolution
Unit 18   118   effective           effective         efficace                                  RESULT       successful or achieving the result that you want effective management
                                                                                                             a particular part of a book, poem, etc. that is
                                                                                                             chosen so that it can be used in a discussion,   The teacher read out an extract from 'Brave
Unit 18   116   extract             extract           estratto, brano                           WRITING      article, etc.                                    New World'.

Unit 18   118   form                form              forma                                     TYPE         a type of something or way of doing something Swimming is the best form of exercise.
                                                                                                                                                              We have permission to go ahead with the
Unit 18   117   go ahead            go ahead          procedere, andare avanti                  START        to start to do something                         project.
Unit 18   117   go by               go by             trascorrere, passare                      TIME         If time goes by, it passes.                      The days went by really slowly.
                                                                                                             to stop liking or being interested in someone or I went off beefburgers after I got food poisoning
Unit 18   117   go off sb/sth       go off sb/sth     non piacere più                                        something                                        from a take-away.

Unit 18   117   go through          go through        attraversare                                           to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation I've been going through a bad patch recently.
Unit 18   117   go up               go up             aumentare                                 INCREASE     to become higher in level                         House prices keep going up.

                                                                                                PRESS YOUR to press your hand or a cloth on a surface and
Unit 18   116   rub                 rub               strofinare, fregare, frizionare           HANDS      move it backwards and forwards                       She rubbed her hands together to warm them.

                                                                                                                                          Page 14 of 20
                                                                                                           stories about life in the future or in other parts
Unit 18   118   science fiction     science fiction     fantascienza                                       of the universe                                      Do you enjoy reading science fiction?
Unit 18   116   sight               sight               scena, vista                          AREA SEEN    the area that it is possible for you to see          Eventually he disappeared from sight.
Unit 18   116   strength            strength            forza                                 STRONG       when someone or something is strong                  upper-body strength
Unit 18   116   surface             surface             superficie                            TOP          the top or outside part of something                 the Earth's surface
                                                                                                                                                                Technological advances in computing and
                                                                                                                                                                telecommunications will reduce the need for
Unit 18   118   technological       technological       tecnologico                                        relating to, or involving, technology                many people to travel to work.
                                                                                                           someone or something that is likely to cause
Unit 18   118   threat              threat              minaccia, rischio                     DAMAGE       harm or damage                                       a threat to the environment
                                                                                                           a book or film with an exciting story, often
Unit 18   118   thriller            thriller            thriller, giallo poliziesco                        about crime                                          She writes popular thrillers.
                                                                                              SIGN/RECOR                                                        When she moved out, she left no trace of having
Unit 18   117   trace               trace               traccia                               D          a sign that something has happened or existed          been there.
Unit 18   118   visual              visual              visivo, immagini                                   relating to seeing                                   The film has some powerful visual effects.

Unit 19   125   ankle               ankle               caviglia                                           the part of your leg that is just above your foot She has hurt her ankle.
                                                                                                           a long piece of soft cloth that you tie around an
Unit 19   125   bandage             bandage             benda, fascia, fasciatura                          injured part of the body                          He had a bandage around his head.

                                                                                                           If you break a machine, object, etc, or if it
Unit 19   125   break               break               rompere, rompersi, guastare, guastarsi NOT WORK    breaks, it stops working because it is damaged. Who broke the video?

Unit 19   127   break               break               rottura                                            where something has separated in an accident         There's a break in the pipe.
                                                                                                           If a machine or vehicle breaks down, it stops        Our car broke down and we had to push it off
Unit 19   125   break down          break down          guastarsi, avere un guasto                         working                                              the road.

Unit 19   127   bug                 bug                 virus, germe, malattia                ILLNESS      a bacteria or virus, or the illness that it causes   a flu/stomach bug
                                                        ustionare, ustionarsi, bruciare,                   to (cause something to) be hurt, damaged or
Unit 19   125   burn                burn                bruciarsi                             DAMAGE       destroyed by fire or extreme heat                    He was badly burnt in the blaze.
                                                                                                           the front of your body between your neck and
Unit 19   125   chest               chest               petto                                 BODY         your waist                                           a hairy chest
Unit 19   125   cough medicine      mixture/syrup       sciroppo per la tosse                              a type of sweet liquid medicine                      I hate the taste of this cough syrup!
                                                                                                           a common type of plaster (= a small piece of
                                                                                                           sticky material to cover and protect a cut in the
Unit 19   125   Elastoplast ™       Elastoplast ™       cerotto                                            skin)                                                I've got an Elastoplast in my bag.
                                                                                                           the part in the middle of your arm where it
Unit 19   125   elbow               elbow               gomito                                             bends                                                I bumped my elbow on the door.
                                                                                              PHYSICAL     physical activity that you do to make your body
Unit 19   124   exercise            exercise            attività fisica, esercizio (fisico)   ACTIVITY     strong and healthy                                   Swimming is my favourite form of exercise.
                                                                                                           to do physical activities to make your body
Unit 19   124   exercise            exercise            fare esercizio / attività fisica      BODY         strong and healthy                                   I try to exercise every day.
Unit 19   125   eyebrow             eyebrow             sopracciglio                                       the thin line of hair that is above each eye         He raised his eyebrows in surprise.

                                                                                                           to suddenly become unconscious for a short
Unit 19   125   faint               faint               svenire                                            time, usually falling down onto the floor            She fainted with exhaustion.
                                                                                                           to injure your skin by rubbing it against
Unit 19   125   graze               graze               escoriarsi                            INJURE       something rough                                      I fell and grazed my knee.
Unit 19   126   hurt                hurt                far male                              BE PAINFUL   If a part of your body hurts, it is painful.         My eyes really hurt.
                                                                                                           either of the two bones in your mouth that
Unit 19   125   jaw                 jaw                 mandibola, mascella                                contain your teeth                                   a broken jaw
Unit 19   125   knee                knee                ginocchio                             LEG          the middle part of your leg where it bends           a knee injury

                                                                                                           the thin, sharp, metal part of a piece of medical
                                                                                                           equipment used to take blood out of the body,
Unit 19   126   needle              needle              ago                                   MEDICAL      or to put medicine or drugs in                     a needle and thread
                                                                                                                                                              Female workers earn, on average, a third less
Unit 19   125   on average          on average          in media                                           usually, or based on an average                    than men.
                                                                                                           used to give your opinion after you have           On balance, I'd prefer a woman dentist to a
Unit 19   125   on balance          on balance          a conti fatti                                      considered all the facts about something           man.
                                                                                                                                                              On behalf of the entire company, I would like to
Unit 19   125   on behalf of        on behalf of sb     a nome di, in vece di                              representing; instead of                           thank you for all your work.
                                                                                                                                                              Visitors are allowed in the gardens on condition
Unit 19   125   on condition that   on condition that   a condizione che                                   only if                                            that they don't touch the plants.
                                                                                                           If a doctor, police officer, etc. is on duty, they
                                                                                                           are working, and if they are off duty, they are
Unit 19   125   on duty             on duty             in servizio, reperibile                            not working.                                       I'm on duty tomorrow night
Unit 19   125   on offer            on offer            in offerta                                         at a cheaper price than usual                      Are these jeans still on offer?

Unit 19   125   on purpose          on purpose          di proposito, apposta                              intentionally                                    I didn't do it on purpose, it was an accident.
                                                                                                           a small piece of sticky material that you put on
Unit 19   125   plaster             plaster             cerotto                               FOR CUTS     cuts on your body                                Have you got a plaster?
                                                                                                           a permanent mark left on the body from a cut
Unit 19   127   scar                scar                cicatrice                             BODY         or other injury                                  His back was covered in scars.

Unit 19   125   spot                spot                foruncolo, brufolo, pustola           SKIN         an unpleasant, small, red mark on your skin          He suffered badly with spots as a teenager.

                                                                                                                                         Page 15 of 20
                                                                                                   to injure part of your body by twisting it, but
Unit 19   125   sprain           sprain        procurarsi/prendere una distorsione                 not so badly that it breaks                       I slipped on the ice and sprained my ankle.

                                                                                                   If an insect, plant, etc. stings you, it causes pain
Unit 19   125   sting            sting         pungere                                CAUSE PAIN   by putting poison into your skin.                    He was stung by a wasp.

                                                                                                (usually plural) a length of special thread used     He got hit with a broken bottle and needed five
Unit 19   125   stitch           stitch        punto, sutura                                    to join the edges of a deep cut in the flesh         stitches in his cheek.
                                                                                                when a doctor cuts your body open and repairs
Unit 19   127   surgery          surgery       intervento chirurgico                  TREATMENT or removes something                                 to have surgery
                                                                                                a physical feeling or problem which shows that       The inability to sleep is often a symptom of
Unit 19   127   symptom          symptom       sintomo                                ILLNESS   you have a particular illness                        some other illness.
Unit 19   125   thigh            thigh         coscia                                           the top part of your leg above your knee             My thighs are getting fat!
                                                                                                the part around the middle of your body where
Unit 19   125   waist            waist         vita                                   BODY      you wear a belt                                      She had a 26 inch waist.
                                                                                                a room in a hospital where people receiving
                                                                                                treatment stay, often for the same type of
Unit 19   127   ward             ward          reparto, corsia, sala                            illness                                              the maternity ward
                                                                                                the part of your body between your hand and
Unit 19   125   wrist            wrist         polso                                            your arm                                             She injured her wrist playing tennis.

Unit 20   133   accuse           accuse        accusare                                            to say that someone has done something bad        He was falsely accused of murder.
                                                                                                   If the police arrest someone, they take them
                                                                                                   away to ask them about a crime which they
Unit 20   130   arrest           arrest        arrestare                                           might have committed.                             He was arrested for possession of illegal drugs.
                                                                                                   someone who gets into buildings illegally and     I realized that a burglar had broken into the
Unit 20   132   burglar          burglar       scassinatore, svaligiatore, ladro                   steals things                                     house.
                                                                                                   a small room in a prison or police station
Unit 20   133   cell             cell          cella                                  ROOM         where a prisoner is kept                          They were locked in a cell for the night.
                                                                                                   If the police charge someone, they accuse them
Unit 20   133   charge           charge        accusare                               ACCUSE       officially of a crime.                            He was charged with assault.
                                                                                                   to do something that is considered wrong, or      He was sent to prison for a crime that he didn't
Unit 20   130   commit a crime   commit        commettere un reato                    CRIME        that is illegal                                   commit.
                                                                                                   the place where a judge decides whether           The suspect appeared in court charged with
Unit 20   130   court            court         tribunale                              LAW          someone is guilty of a crime                      robbery.
Unit 20   131   criminal         criminal      criminale                                           someone who has committed a crime                 a dangerous/violent criminal

                                                                                                   someone, especially a police officer, whose job   The film is about police detective solving a
Unit 20   132   detective        detective     detective, investigatore                            is to discover information about a crime          crime.
                                                                                                   deoxyribonucleic acid; a chemical in the cells
                                                                                                   of living things which contains genetic
Unit 20   131   DNA              DNA           DNA                                                 information                                       Would you allow your DNA to be kept on file?
                                                                                                   information that is given or objects that are
                                                                                                   shown in a court of law to help to prove if       He was arrested despite the lack of evidence
Unit 20   131   evidence         evidence      prova                                  LAW          someone has committed a crime                     against him.

                                                                                                   to make someone pay an amount of money as a
Unit 20   130   fine             fine          multare                                             punishment for breaking a law or rule       He was fined £500 for dangerous driving.
                                                                                                   an amount of money that you must pay for
Unit 20   132   fine             fine          multa                                               breaking a law or rule                      a parking fine

                                                                                                   the mark made on something by the pattern of      The police found fingerprints all over the
Unit 20   131   fingerprint      fingerprint   impronta digitale                                   curved lines on the end of someone's finger       murder weapon.

Unit 20   130   forensic         forensic      medico-legale, legale (medicine)                    relating to scientific methods of solving crimes forensic evidence/medicine
                                                                                                                                                    The jury found her guilty (=decided that she
Unit 20   130   guilty           guilty        colpevole                              LAW          having broken a law                              was guilty of a crime).
Unit 20   133   illegal          illegal       illegale                                            not allowed by law                               illegal drugs/weapons
Unit 20   131   innocent         innocent      innocente                              NOT GUILTY   not guilty of committing a crime                 He claims to be innocent of the crime.
                                                                                                   a group of people in a court of law who decide
Unit 20   133   jury             jury          giuria                                 LAW          if someone is guilty or not                      She has to do jury service next month.

                                                                                                to take someone away using force, usually to
Unit 20   133   kidnap           kidnap        rapire, sequestrare                              obtain money in exchange for releasing them          He is afraid of being kidnapped.
Unit 20   133   offence          offence       reato                                  CRIME     a crime                                              a criminal offence
                                                                                                a punishment for doing something which is            There's a £50 penalty for late cancellation of
Unit 20   133   penalty          penalty                                             PUNISHMENT against a law or rule
                                               punizione, ammenda, sanzione penale, multa                                                            tickets.
                                                                                                someone who steals things from people's
Unit 20   133   pickpocket       pickpocket    borsaiolo                                        pockets                                              Watch out, there are pickpockets about.
                                                                                                a fact or a piece of information that shows          She showed us her passport as proof of her
Unit 20   130   proof            proof         prova                                            something exists or is true                          identity.
                                                                                                                                                     He had to stay in his bedroom as a punishment
Unit 20   133   punishment       punishment    punizione                                           when someone is punished                          for fighting.
                                                                                                   the crime of stealing from someone or
Unit 20   132   robbery          robbery       rapina                                              somewhere                                         a bank robbery
                                                                                                   to give a punishment to someone who has
Unit 20   133   sentence         sentence      condannare                                          committed a crime                                 She was sentenced to six months in prison.

                                                                                                                                Page 16 of 20
                                                                                                            to take goods illegally from a shop without
Unit 20   133   shoplift           shoplift           taccheggiare, rubare nei negozi                       paying for them                                    He was caught shoplifting by a store detective.

                                                                                                            to secretly take something that does not belong Burglars broke into the house and stole a
Unit 20   132   steal              steal              rubare                                                to you, without intending to return it          computer.
                                                                                                                                                            He's the prime suspect (=the most likely
Unit 20   130   suspect            suspect            sospetto                                              someone who may have committed a crime          suspect) in the murder case.

                                                                                                        making you feel that something is wrong or
Unit 20   133   suspicious         suspicious         sospetto, losco                         WRONG/BAD that something bad or illegal is happening            suspicious behaviour/circumstances
                                                      far causa (legale) a (someone), portare                                                                 She's threatening to take me to court for not
Unit 20   130   take sb to court   take some to court (someone) in tribunale                            to take legal action against someone                  paying the bill on time.
Unit 20   132   thief              thief              ladro                                             someone who steals things                             a car thief
                                                                                                                                                              Police have so far failed to trace the missing
Unit 20   131   trace              trace              rintracciare                                          to find someone or something that is lost         woman.
                                                                                                            a legal process to decide if someone is guilty of The two men are now on trial for attempted
Unit 20   133   trial              trial              processo                                LAW           a crime                                           murder.
                                                                                                                                                              In the absence of any proof, it is impossible to
Unit 21   138   absence            absence            assenza                                 NOT EXIST     when something does not exist                     accuse her.
Unit 21   136   architecture       architecture       architettura                            STYLE         the design and style of buildings                 modern architecture
Unit 21   136   collection         collection         raccolta                                AWAY          when something is taken away from a place          rubbish collection
Unit 21   136   community          community          comunità                                AREA          the people living in a particular area             a rural/small community

Unit 21   138   consumer           consumer           consumatore                                           someone who buys or uses goods or services         These price cuts are good news for consumers.
                                                                                                            an electricity/power cut is when the supply of
Unit 21   138   cut                cut                interruzione di corrente, mancanza di corrente        electricity suddenly stops                         I think there's been a power cut.
Unit 21   136   environmental      environmental      ambientale                                            relating to the environment                        environmental damage
                                                                                                            when something is not available or when there
Unit 21   138   lack               lack               mancanza                                              is not enough of it                                Her only problem is lack of confidence.
Unit 21   138   level              level              livello                                 AMOUNT        the amount or number of something                  The level of iron in her blood was too low.
Unit 21   138   lifestyle          lifestyle          stile di vita                                         the way that you live                              a healthy lifestyle
                                                                                                            the light created by electrical equipment,
Unit 21   136   lighting           lighting           illuminazione                                         candles, etc.                                      soft lighting
                                                                                                            the work that is done to keep something in
Unit 21   136   maintenance        maintenance        manutenzione                            WORK          good condition                                     car maintenance
Unit 21   136   mall               mall               centro commerciale                                    a large, covered shopping area                     Shall we go to the mall?
                                                                                                            damage caused to water, air, etc. by harmful       The book shows simple things you can do to
Unit 21   138   pollution          pollution          inquinamento                                          substances or waste                                reduce pollution from your car.
                                                                                                                                                               There are several properties for sale in this
Unit 21   136   property           property           proprietà                               BUILDING      a building or area of land                         area.
                                                                                                            an official rule that controls how something is
Unit 21   136   regulation         regulation         normativa                               RULE          done                                               building regulations
                                                                                                                                                               Every year I renew my membership of the
Unit 21   139   renew              renew              rinnovare                               MAKE NEW      to increase the life of or replace something old   sports club.
Unit 21   139   renewal            renewal            rinnovo                                               when you renew something                           Spring is a time of renewal.
Unit 21   136   requirement        requirement        requisito                                             something that is needed or demanded               college entrance requirements
Unit 21   136   resident           resident           residente                               PERSON        someone who lives in a particular place            complaints from local residents
Unit 21   138   shortage           shortage           carenza, scarsità                                     when there is not enough of something              a shortage of nurses
                                                                                                            an area where people live outside the centre of
Unit 21   138   suburb             suburb             sobborgo, quartiere periferico                        a city                                             a suburb of New York
Unit 21   136   suburban           suburban           periferico                                            relating to a suburb                               a suburban area/home
Unit 21   138   system             system             sistema                                 METHOD        a way or method of doing things                    the American legal system
                                                                                                            a line of cars, trucks, etc. that are moving
Unit 21   136   traffic jam        traffic jam        ingorgo (stradale), coda                              slowly or not moving at all                        They got stuck in a traffic jam.
Unit 21   136   urban              urban              urbano                                                belonging or relating to a town or city            urban areas
                                                                                                            the people who sit and watch a performance at
Unit 22   145   audience           audience           pubblico in sala, spettatori            GROUP         a theatre, cinema, etc.                            There were a lot of children in the audience.
Unit 22   142   choir              choir              coro                                                  a group of people who sing together                a school/church choir
Unit 22   145   composer           composer           compositore                                           someone who writes music                           Who is your favourite composer?
                                                                                                                                                               The children played their own compositions in
Unit 22   145   composition        composition        composizione, brano                     MUSIC         a piece of music that someone has written          the concert.
                                                                                                            someone who stands in front of a group of
                                                                                                            musicians or singers and controls their
Unit 22   142   conductor          conductor          direttore (d'orchestra)                 MUSIC         performance                                        The conductor bowed to the audience.

                                                                                              PERFORMAN a series of special events, performances, etc.
Unit 22   142   festival           festival           festival                                CE        that often takes place over several days               a dance/music festival

Unit 22   142   gig                gig                concerto                                              a performance of pop or rock music                 They're playing a gig at their local youth club.
                                                                                                            the way that something seems, looks or feels to
Unit 22   145   impression         impression         impressione                             EFFECT        a particular person                                I got/had the impression that he was bored.
                                                                                                            If an occasion is memorable, you will
                                                                                                            remember it for a long time because it is so
Unit 22   145   memorable          memorable          memorabile                                            good.                                              a memorable performance
                                                                                                            someone who plays a musical instrument, often
Unit 22   142   musician           musician           musicista                                             as a job                                           a talented jazz/classical musician

                                                                                                                                        Page 17 of 20
                                                                                                                         a large group of musicians who play different
Unit 22   142   orchestra                   orchestra          orchestra                                  MUSIC          instruments together                                 a symphony orchestra
Unit 22   145   orchestral                  orchestral         orchestrale                                               of or belonging to an orchestra                      an orchestral arrangement
Unit 22   143   (UK)/organizer              organizer          organizzatore                                             someone who plans an event or activity               conference/exhibition organizers
                                                                                                                                                                              She rarely participates in any of the
Unit 22   142   participate                 participate        partecipare                                              to be involved with other people in an activity       discussions.
                                                                                                           WORKING      when two people or organizations work                 She's gone into partnership (=started to work
Unit 22   145   partnership                 partnership        società                                     TOGETHER     together to achieve something                         together) with an ex-colleague.
                                                                                                                        to entertain people by acting, singing, dancing,
Unit 22   142   perform                     perform            esibirsi, recitare /cantare /ballare and so ENTERTAIN performed)
                                                                                                           on (according to                                                   She has performed all over the world.
                                                                                                                        a person who entertains people by acting,
Unit 22   142   performer                   performer          artista, intrattenitore                                  singing, dancing or playing music                     He's a brilliant performer.
                                                                                                                        a time when all the people involved in a play,
                                                                                                                        dance, etc. practise in order to prepare for a        They didn't have time for (a) rehearsal before
Unit 22   142   rehearsal                   rehearsal          prove                                                    performance                                           the performance.

                                                                                                          SOCIALLY   considered to be socially acceptable because of
Unit 22   145   respectable                 respectable        rispettabile                               ACCEPTABLE your good character, appearance or behaviour a respectable family
                                                                                                                         a piece of music for one person or one
Unit 22   142   solo                        solo               assolo                                                    instrument                                           She is famous for singing operatic solos.

                specialise                                                                                               to spend most of your time studying one              She works for a company specializing in
Unit 22   143   (UK)/specialize             specialize         specializzato in                                          particular subject or doing one type of business     business law.
                                                                                                                         a place where a sports game, musical                 The hotel is an ideal venue for conferences and
Unit 22   143   venue                       venue              locale                                                    performance, or special event happens                business meetings.
Unit 22   145   unique                      unique             unico, esclusivo                           SPECIAL        unusual and special                                  a unique opportunity
                                                                                                                         the soft grey or black powder that is left after a
                                                                                                                         substance, especially tobacco, coal or wood,
Unit 23   148   ash                         ash                cenere                                     POWDER         has burnt                                            volcanic ash
                break off (sth) or break    break off sth or
Unit 23   149   (sth) off                   break sth off      interrompere, mettere fine a                           to end (something) suddenly                             She broke off in the middle of a sentence.
                                                                                                                      to decide that a planned event, especially a
                                                                                                                      sports event, will not happen, or to end an
                call off sth or call sth                                                                              activity because it is no longer useful or              Tomorrow's match has been called off because
Unit 23   149   off                         call off           disdire, cancellare                                    possible                                                of the icy weather.
                                                                                                                      a line on the surface of something that is
Unit 23   148   crack                       crack              rottura, incrinatura, fessura, crepaccio, screpolatura damaged
                                                                                                          LINE                                                                Several cups had cracks in them.

                cut sb/sth off or cut off                                                                                to cause a person or place to become separate,       Many villages have been cut off by the heavy
Unit 23   149   sb/sth                      cut off            essere isolati, isolare                                   or cause someone to be or feel alone                 snow.

Unit 23   149   damage                      damage             danneggiare                                          to harm or break something                                Many buildings were damaged in the storm.
Unit 23   151   damp                        damp               umido, bagnato, molle, madido                        slightly wet, usually in an unpleasant way                damp clothes/grass
                                                                                                                    a long period when there is no rain and people
Unit 23   RS    drought                     drought            siccità                                              do not have enough water                                  A severe drought ruined the crops.
                                                                                                                    a sudden movement of the Earth's surface,                 A powerful earthquake struck eastern Turkey
Unit 23   149   earthquake                  earthquake         terremoto, sisma                                     often causing severe damage                               last night.
                                                                                                                    when a volcano explodes and flames and rocks
Unit 23   148   eruption                    eruption           eruzione                                             come out of it                                            a volcanic eruption
                                                                                                                    a substance in a form like air and not solid or
Unit 23   148   gas                         gas                gas                                        SUBSTANCE liquid                                                    poisonous gases

Unit 23   151   humid                       humid              umido                                                     Humid air or weather is hot and slightly wet.        a hot and humid climate
                                                                                                                                                                              The state of Florida was hit by a hurricane that
Unit 23   151   hurricane                   hurricane          uragano                                                   a violent storm with very strong winds               did serious damage.

Unit 23   149   injure                      injure             farsi male a, ferirsi a, ledere                           to hurt a person, animal, or part of your body       She injured her ankle when she fell.
                                                                                                                                                                              Her contacts in government proved invaluable
Unit 23   149   invaluable                  invaluable         inestimabile                                              extremely useful                                     to the company.
                                                                                                                         to not punish someone who has committed a
                                                                                                                         crime or done something wrong, or to not             Instead of a prison sentence they were let off
Unit 23   149   let off sb or let sb off    let off            rilasciare, cavarsela                                     punish them severely                                 with a fine.
                                                                                                                         to stop a computer being connected to a
                                                                                                                         computer system, usually when you want to
Unit 23   149   log off                     log off            fare il log-off, disconnettersi                           stop working                                         Could you all log off for a few minutes, please?
Unit 23   148   peak                        peak               cima                                       TOP            the top of a mountain, or the mountain itself        snow-covered/mountain peaks
                                                                                                                         a large, round object in space that moves
Unit 23   149   planet                      planet             pianeta                                                   around the sun or another star                       Jupiter is the largest planet of our solar system.
                                                                                                          KEEP THE       to keep something the same or prevent it from
Unit 23   149   preserve                    preserve           mantenere, preservare                      SAME           being damaged or destroyed                           to preserve peace
                                                                                                                                                                              A trip round the world is a priceless
Unit 23   149   priceless                priceless             senza prezzo, inestimabile                 IMPORTANT      very important or useful                             opportunity.
                send off sth or send sth
Unit 23   149   off                      send off              spedire                                                   to send a letter, document or parcel by post         Have you sent off your application form yet?

                                                                                                                                                      Page 18 of 20
Unit 23   149    sensitive                    sensitive           sensibile                                 UPSET         easily upset by the things people say or do         He was always sensitive to criticism.
                                                                                                                          to make quick, short movements from side to
                                                                  scuotere, agitare, scuotersi, agitarsi,                 side or up and down, or to make something or
Unit 23   148    shake                        shake               tremare                                   MOVE          someone do this                                     He was shaking with nerves.
                                                                                                                          to speak angrily to someone because they have
Unit 23   149    tell off sb or tell sb off   tell off            rimproverare, sgridare                                  done something wrong                                The teacher told me off for swearing.
                                                                                                                          the loud noise in the sky that you hear during a
Unit 23   148    thunder                      thunder             tuono                                                   storm                                               thunder and lightning
                                                                                                                          to shake slightly, especially because you are       My hands were trembling so much I could
Unit 23   148    tremble                      tremble             tremare, avere un tremolio                              nervous, frightened, or cold                        hardly hold the pen.

Unit 23   151    undo                         undo                slacciare, slegare, disfare, sciogliere   OPEN          to open something that is tied or fastened          I took off my hat and undid my coat.
                                                                                                                          to open something that is closed or fixed
Unit 23   151    unfasten                     unfasten            slacciare                                               together                                            to unfasten a seat belt
                                                                                                                          to open a knot or something that has been tied
Unit 23   151    untie                        untie               sciogliere, snodare, slegare                            with a knot                                         I untied my shoelaces and kicked off my shoes.
                                                                                                                          to remove the paper, cloth, etc. that is covering
Unit 23   151    unwrap                       unwrap              scartare                                                something                                           She carefully unwrapped the present.
                                                                                                                          a mountain with a large hole at the top which
                                                                                                                          sometimes explodes and produces hot, melted
Unit 23   149    volcano                      volcano             vulcano                                                 rock and smoke                                     an extinct/dormant volcano
                                                                                                                                                                             The weather forecast said it was going to rain
Unit 23   151    weather forecast             weather forecast    previsioni del tempo / meteo                            a description of what the weather will be like     later today.
                                                                                                                          If a feeling or the effect of something wears off,
Unit 23   149    wear off                     wear off            svanire, scomparire                                     it gradually disappears.                           The anaesthetic is starting to wear off.

                                                                                                                       something you say or write to say that you are         I have an apology to make to you - I opened
Unit 24   154    apology                      apology             scusa                                                sorry about something you have done                    your letter by mistake.
                                                                                                                       used to say that you have read or been told
                                                                                                                       something although you are not certain it is
Unit 24   154    apparently                   apparently          apparentemente                            OTHERS SAY true                                                   Apparently it's going to rain today.
                                                                                                                       a machine, usually in a wall outside a bank,
                                                                                                                       that you can get money from using a plastic            I decided to get some money from the cashpoint
Unit 24   154    cashpoint                    cashpoint           sportello bancomat                                   card                                                   machine.
                                                                                                                       to do something that you did not have time to          She's staying late in the office to catch up on
Unit 24   156    catch up on sth              catch up on         rimettersi in pari con (sth)                         do earlier                                             some reports.
Unit 24   WF12   comedian                     comedian            comico                                                  someone who entertains people by telling jokes      He wants to be a stand-up comedian.
                                                                                                                          entertainment such as a film, play, etc which is
Unit 24   154    comedy                       comedy              commedia, film comico                                   funny                                               The film is a romantic comedy.
                                                                                                                          clothes and other things that you wear to
                                                                                                                          change the way you look so that people cannot       She usually goes out in disguise to avoid being
Unit 24   155    disguise                     disguise            travestito                                              recognize you                                       bothered by the public.
                                                                                                                                                                              We tried to disguise the fact that it was just a
                                                                                                                          to give a new appearance to a person or thing,      school hall by putting up coloured lights and
Unit 24   154    disguise                     disguise            mascherare, dissimulare                                 especially in order to hide its true form           balloons.

Unit 24   157    earnings                     earnings            reddito, stipendio                                      money that you get from working                     Average earnings for skilled workers are rising.
                                                                                                                                                                              They estimate that a hundred people were killed
Unit 24   157    estimate                     estimate            valutare, stimare, preventivare                         to guess the cost, size, value, etc. of something   in the accident.

                                                                                                                       to do or finish an unpleasant but necessary
                                                                                                                       piece of work or duty so that you do not have to
Unit 24   156    get sth over with            get sth over with   togliersi il pensiero alla svelta                    worry about it in the future                      I'll be glad to get these exams over with.
                                                                                                                                                                         I got into drugs because I was hanging around
Unit 24   157    hang around (with sb)        hang around with    andare in giro con, frequentare                      to spend time (with someone)                      with the wrong people.
                                                                                                                       the ability to laugh and recognize that
Unit 24   157    humour                       humour              umorismo                                  ABILITY    something is funny                                He's got a great sense of humour.
                                                                                                                                                                         They just ignored him and carried on with the
Unit 24   155    ignore                       ignore              ignorare                                             to pay no attention to something or someone       game.
                 have a bad/ good             be a bad/ good                                                PERSON/THI to have the power to have an effect on people or
Unit 24   157    influence on                 influence on        avere un buon/cattivo ascendente su       NG         things                                            Helen's a bad/good influence on him.
                                                                                                                       to put information into a computer or a
Unit 24   154    key in sth or key sth in key in                  introdurre, inserire                                 machine using a keyboard                          First, key in your password.
                 keep up sth or keep sth                                                                               to not allow something that is at a high level to Make sure you eat properly - you've got to keep
Unit 24   156    up                       keep up                 tenere alto, mantenere                               fall to a lower level                             your strength up.
                                                                  padrone / padrona di casa,                           a man/woman who you rent a room or house          The landlord had promised to redecorate the
Unit 24   157    landlord/ landlady           landlord            affittacamere                                        from                                              bedrooms before we moved in.
                 look up sth or look sth                                                                               to try to find a piece of information by looking If you don't know what the word means, look it
Unit 24   156    up                           look up             cercare (in a dictionary, book….)                    in a book or on a computer                        up in a dictionary.
Unit 24   154    make for                     make for            avviarsi verso                                       to move towards a place                           He got up and made for the exit.
                                                                                                                       to see, hear or understand something or           The numbers are too small - I can't make them
Unit 24   156    make sth/sb out              make out            vedere, scorgere                                     someone with difficulty                           out at all.

                                                                                                                          to reduce the bad effect of something, or make      I hope this money will make up for the
Unit 24   155    make up for sth              make up for         compensare, rimediare a                                 something bad become something good                 inconvenience.

                                                                                                                                                       Page 19 of 20
                pick up sth or pick sth                                                                            to learn a new skill or language by practising it     When you live in a country you soon pick up the
Unit 24   156   up                         pick up       imparare, acquisire conoscenza di                         rather than being taught it                           language.
                                                                                                                   to make someone dislike something or
                                                         rimandare, rinviare - far passare la                      someone, or to discourage someone from doing          You have to work long hoursand that puts off a
Unit 24   156   put off sb or put sb off   put off       voglia di, scoraggiare, dissuadere                        something                                             lot of people.
                put out sth or put sth                                                                STOP         to make something that is burning, such as a          Firefighters have been called to put out the fire
Unit 24   155   out                        put out       spegnere                                     BURNING      fire or cigarette, stop burning                       in the city centre.
                                                                                                                   to show or express a particular type of               I refuse to let them win - I intend to put up a
Unit 24   156   put up a fight             put up        istigare una lotta, lottare, controbattere                opposition to something                               fight.
                                                                                                                   to accept unpleasant behaviour or an
                                                                                                                   unpleasant situation, although you do not like        He's so moody-I don't know how she puts up
Unit 24   156   put up with sb/sth         put up        sopportare, tollerare                                     it                                                    with him.
                                                                                                      INSTRUCTIO   an official instruction about what you must or
Unit 24   154   rule                       rule          regola, norma                                N            must not do                                           to break (=not obey) the rules.
                                                         avere come protagonista, interprete                       If you star in a film, play, etc., you are the main
Unit 24   157   star                       star          principale                                                person in it.                                         a film starring Meg Ryan
                                                                                                                   to begin your life or the part of your life when      My dad started out as a sales assistant in a
Unit 24   157   start out                  start out     incominciare                                              you work, in a particular way                         shop.
                take off sth or take sth
Unit 24   157   off                        take off      prendere ferie, essere in ferie              NOT WORK     to spend time away from your work                     He took off two weeks in September.
                                                                                                                   something which you do to try to cure an
                                                                                                                   illness or injury, especially something
Unit 24   154   treatment                  treatment     trattamento, cura                            MEDICAL      suggested or done by a doctor                         She's receiving treatment for a lung infection.
Unit 24   157   weird                      weird         strano, bizzarro                                          very strange                                          I had a really weird dream last night.
                                                                                                                   to spend time repairing or improving                  His dancing technique is good, but he needs to
Unit 24   157   work on sth                work on sth   lavorare su                                               something                                             work on his fitness.
                work out sth or work                                                                               to understand something or to find the answer         There will be a full investigation to work out
Unit 24   156   sth out                    work out      capire, scoprire                             PROBLEM      to something by thinking about it                     what caused the accident.

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