; Implantable Seizure Monitor - PDF
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Implantable Seizure Monitor - PDF

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S 1. Field of the Inventions The inventions disclosed herein are directed to devices for detecting brainwaves, and more particularly, devices for detecting and logging neurological events indicative of seizures. 2. Description of the Related Art Epilepsy, a neurological disorder characterized by the occurrence of seizures (specifically episodic impairment or loss of consciousness, abnormal motor phenomena, psychic or sensory disturbances, or the perturbation of the autonomic nervoussystem), is debilitating to a great number of people. It is believed that as many as two to four million Americans may suffer from various forms of epilepsy. Research has found that its prevalence may be even greater worldwide, particularly in lesseconomically developed nations, suggesting that the worldwide figures for epilepsy sufferers may be in excess of one hundred million. Because epilepsy is characterized by seizures, its sufferers are frequently limited in the kinds of activities they may participate in. Epilepsy can prevent people from driving, working, or otherwise participating in much of what society has tooffer. Some epilepsy sufferers have serious seizures so frequently that they are effectively incapacitated. Furthermore, epilepsy is often progressive and can be associated with degenerative disorders and conditions. Over time, epileptic seizures often become more frequent and more serious, and in particularly severe cases, are likely to lead todeterioration of other brain functions (including cognitive function) as well as physical impairments. The current state of the art in treating neurological disorders, particularly epilepsy, typically involves drug therapy and surgery. The first approach is usually drug therapy. A number of drugs are approved and available for treating epilepsy, such as sodium valproate, phenobarbital/primidone, ethosuximide, gabapentin, phenytoin, and carbamazepine, as well as a number of others. Unfortunately, those drugs typicallyhave serio

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