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Milagros Santos Ong

VIEWS: 144 PAGES: 55

									                        By
             Milagros Santos-Ong
             Chief, Library Services
 Seminar-Workshop for Court of Tax Appeals Attorneys
On Legal Research and Writing at the Innotech, Quezon City
                 on July 13, 2007
           INTRODUCTION

Contemporary Legal Research
    Concurrent or simultaneous

Methods of Legal Research
   a. Manual
   b. electronic or computerized
       http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex
        POLITICAL STRUCTURE
The 1987 Constitution, duly ratified in a plebiscite held on February 2, 1987




 1. GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE
 2. CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSIONS
 3. LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
 4. OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
   GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE

Executive Branch

Legislative Department

  •Senate of the Philippines (Home - Senate of the
  Philippines.htm)

  •House of Representatives (House of Representatives -
  Home.htm)

Judicial System

Others
                        Executive Branch



         Since 1898 when the First Philippine Republic was established, the
Philippines has thirteen (13) Presidents (Office of the Press Secretary Online.htm).

          The other members of the Executive Branch are the Vice-President and the
Heads of Executive Departments or Cabinet members. (http://www.gov.ph/directory);
(http://gov.ph/gov.links/ooficeofpres_departments.asp)
                      Executive Branch
The following are the Departments under the Executive Branch:

Department of Agrarian Reform (http://www.dar.gov.ph)
Department of Agriculture (http://www.da.gov.ph)
Department of Budget and Management (http://www.dbm.gov.ph)
Department of Education (http://www.deped.gov.ph)
Department of Energy (http://www.doe.gov.ph)
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (http://www.denr.gov.ph)
Department of Finance (http://www.dof.gov.ph)
Department of Foreign Affairs (http://www.dfa.gov.ph)
Department of Health (http://www.doh.gov.ph)
Department of Interior and Local Government (http://www.dilg.gov.ph)
Department of Justice (http://www.doj.gov.ph)
Department of Labor and Employment (http://www.dole.gov.ph)
Department of National Defense (http://www.dnd.gov.ph)
Department of Public Works and Highways (http://www.dpwh.gov.ph)
Department of Science and Technology (http://www.dost.gov.ph)
Department of Tourism (http://www.dot.gov.ph)
Department of Trade and Industry (http://www.dti.gov.ph)
Department of Social Welfare and Development (http://www.dswd.gov.ph)
Department of Transportation and Communications (http://www.dotc.gov.ph)

There are specific bureaus and offices directly under the Office of the President
(http://www.op.gov.ph)(http://www.gov.ph/govlinks/oofceofpres_departments.asp).
                      Judicial System


Supreme Court of the Philippines (http://www.supremecourt.gov.ph)
          Judicial System




SOURCE: 2002 Revised Manual of Clerks of Court.
                              Judicial System
Sandiganbayan (http://www.sandiganbayan.gov.ph)

Court of Tax Appeals (http://www.cta.gov.ph)


Shari’a Courts


Quasi-Courts or Quasi-Judicial Agencies

           Quasi-judicial agencies empowered by statutes are: Office of the President.
Department of Agrarian Reform, Securities and Exchange Commission, National Labor Relations
Commission, National Telecommunication Commission, Employees Compensation Commission,
Insurance Commission, Construction Industry Arbitration Commission, Philippine Atomic Energy
Commission, Social Security System, Government Service Insurance System, Bureau of
Patents, Trademark and Technology, National Conciliation Mediation Board, Land Registration
Authority, Civil Aeronautics Board, Central Board of Assessment Appeals, National Electrification
Administration, Energy Regulatory Board, Agricultural Inventions Board and the Board of
Investments.
CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSIONS



 Civil Service Commission (http://www.csc.gov.ph)

 Commission on Elections (http://www.comelec.gov.ph)

 Commission on Audit (http://www.coa.gov.ph)
     LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

               ORDINANCES




OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCIES

         Commission on Human Rights

  Office of the Ombudsman (http://www.ombudsman.gov.ph)
         LEGAL SYSTEM

 Nature of the Philippines Legal System

  The Philippine legal system may be considered as a unique legal
system because it is a blend of civil law (Roman), common law
(Anglo-American), muslim (Islamic) law and indigenous law.
                  LEGAL SYSTEM
Sources of Law

There are two primary sources of the law:

    a. Statutes or statutory law
    b. Jurisprudence or case law

         Senate Electoral Tribunal. Only decisions of the House of
   Representatives Electoral Tribunal are printed as House of Representatives
   Electoral Tribunal Reports, volume 1 (January 28, 1988-October 3, 1990) to
   present. Available in CD at the HRET and at the Supreme Court E-Library.

    c. For Muslim law, the primary source of Shariah are Quran, Sunnaqh, Ijma
   and Qiyas. Jainal D. Razul in his book Commentaries and Jurisprudence on
   the Muslin Law of the Philippines (1984) further stated there are new sources
   of law which some jurists rejected such as Istihsan or juristic preference; Al-
   Masalih, Al Mursalah or public interest; Istidlal (custom) and Istishab.
   (deduction based on continuity or permance).
               LEGAL SYSTEM
                           Sources of Law


Classification of the Sources of Law

    Primary (official) sources or Secondary (unofficial sources).

Classification by Character
    PRIMARY SOURCES are full text or the actual statutes or court
        decisions, treaties of administrative rules and regulations
    SECONDARY SOURCES are treatises, commentaries, legal
        periodical articles etc.

   “Law Finders” or research tools to find the above materials
           LEGAL RESEARCH
 GOAL : To find all the sources of laws/
        jurisprudence and other related
      legal materials
 PURPOSE: Pending case, speech etc.
            APROACHES/STRATEGY

NEEDED: Familiarity of the area of law and the sources available for
      specific research

GENERAL RULE: JUDGEMENT, CREATIVITY
      RESEARCH MUST BE FROM THE LATEST
     EXCEPT…
STEPS IN LEGAL RESEARCH
1. 4 Ws and H
   Who
   What
    Where
    When
    How

   TARP – Things Actions      Relief Sought
   Persons Places

2. Issues involved – If more than one, arrange them in a
logical order
3. Classify the issue or issues

     Is it a on procedural law or
     constitutional law?

4. List of Materials to Use
                   DICTIONARIES
PHILIPPINE

     Moreno, F. Philippine law dictionary (2000)
          Agpalo, R. Agpalo’s Legal Words and Phrases (1997)
     Sibal, J.A. Philippine legal encyclopedia (1986)
     Barriatos. Glossary of Philippine Industrial Relations Terms and Phrases
                  (2003)
     Nolledo, J. Dictionary of Legal Terms (1967)
          Salao, E. Law Dictionary (2004)
     Gamboa, M. Dictionary of International law and diplomacy (1975)
     Isidro. Philippine labor dictionary (1966)
     Tiopanco, T. Dictionary of insurance terms and phrases (1986)
     Lee, Handbook of legal maxims (1998)
     Llanes. A Compilation of Legal Maxims (2004)

B.   FOREIGN (some)

     Ballentine’s law dictionary (1969)
     Bander & Wallach. Medial legal dictionary (1970)
     Black’s Law Dictionary (1989)
     Bouvier’s Law Dictionary & Concise Encyclopedia 3v.
     Casselman. Labor Dictionary (1949)
     Maloy’s Medical dictionary for lawyers
     Stroud’s Judicial dictionary of words and phrases. 5v
     Words and Phrases 45 vols.
1. Research of Statute law

   1.1. Constitution

   The Philippines had several Constitutions as provided in some history books such as Gregorio F. Zaide’s
       Philippine Constitutional History and Constitutions of Modern Nations (1970) and Founders of Freedom;
       The History of Three Constitution by a seven man Board. The Philippine legal system recognizes the
       following Constitutions: Malolos, 1935, 1973, Provisional or Freedom and 1987 Constitutions.


    Sources for the 1934-1935 Constitutional Convention are: 10 volumes of the Constitutional Convention
       Record by the House of Representatives (1966), Salvador Laurel's seven volumes book entitled
       Proceedings of the Constitutional Convention (1966); 6 volumes of the Philippine Constitution, Origins,
       Making, Meaning and Application by the Philippine Lawyers Association with Jose Aruego as one
       of its editors (1970) and Journal of the Constitutional convention of the Philippines by Vicente
       Francisco.

    Proceedings of the 1973 Constitutional Convention was not published. A complete compilation is available
       at the Filipiniana Reading Room of the National Library of the Philippines.

   Journals (3 volumes) and Records ( 5 volumes) of the Constitutional Convention of 1986 were published by
       the Constitutional Commission –Lex Libris CD

   The proceedings and text of the 1935, 1973 and 1987 Constitutions will be available at the Supreme Court
       E-Library. – Books like those authored by Sen Padilla and C. Sison
C.   CONSTITUTION

     TEXTBOOKS/TREATIES

      1.   1987 Constitution
             Bernas, Joaquin. The Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines 2003).
             Bernas, Joaquin. Constitutional Structure and Powers of the Government
                        (1997).
             Cruz, Isagani. Constitutional Law. (2003)
             De Leon, Hector. Philippine Constitutional Law. (2003- 2004) 2 vols.
               De Leon, Hector. Textbook on the Philippine Constitution (2002)
             Joven, Jose. Primer on Philippine Government and Constitution. (1989).
             Martin, Ruperto G. New Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines.
                        (1987).
             Nolledo, J. Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines Explained (1992)
             Padilla, Ambrosio. The 1987 Constitutions of the Republic of the
                        Philippines. With comments and cases (1990) 3 vols.
             Paulino, Benjamin. The New Constitution: Annotated and Commented.
                        (1990)
             Santiago, Miriam. Constitution Annotated. (2000)
             Santiago, Miriam. Constitutional law. (1994) 2 vols.
             Sibal, J. The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines (1994)
             Suarez, Rolando. Principles, Comments and Cases in Constitutional Law.
                        (1999-2000). 2 vols.
               Taro, Fe Anonuevo. The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines (1989)
TEXTBOOKS/TREATIES

     2.    Provisional/Freedom Constitution (Proclamation No. 3, s. 1986)

           De Leon, Hector. Textbook on the provisional constitution. (1986).
           Martin, Ruperto. Law and Jurisprudence on the Freedom
           Constitution of the Philippines. (1986)

     3.    1973 Constitution
           Bernas, Joaquin. The (Revised) Philippine Constitution. (1983) 2 vols.
           Fernando, Emma. Philippine Constitutional Law; Survey of the 1973
                      Philippine Constitution (1977)
           Fernando, Enrique. The Constitution of the Philippines. 2d ed. (1977)
           Martin, Ruperto. The New Constitution of the Philippines. (1973)
           Mendoza, Honesto. The New Constitution. (1974)
           Mendoza, Vicente. From McKinley’s Instruction to the New Constitution.
                      (1978)
           Montejo, Cirilo. The New Constitution. (1973)
           Pe, Cecilio. Mga Paliwanag sa Bagong Saligang Batas. (1975)
           Santiago, Miriam Defensor. The 1972 Constitution. (1973)
           Tupaz, Antonio. The New Constitution. (1972)
TEXTBOOKS/TREATIES

  4.   1935 Constitution

       Aruego, Jose. Philippine Political Law. (1950).
       Cuaderno, M. The Framing of the Constitution of the Philippines. (1937)
                  2v.
       Nolledo, J.. Constitution of the Philippines (1971)
       Sinco, Vicente. The Philippine Political Law. (1962).
       Villaluz, N. Commentaries and Opinions on the Constitution.
                  (1935)

  5.   Comparative

       Pacis, Vicente. Founders of Freedom: History of the Three Philippines
                 Constitutions. (1971.)
       Padilla, Ambrosio. The 1987 Constitutions of the Republic
                 of the Philippines. vol. 3 pp779-863.
       Sison, Carmelo. Comparative Study of the of the 1987, 1973, and
                 1935 Philippine Constitutions. (1999)
                1.2. Treaties and other International Agreements

           The official text of treaties e published in the Official Gazette,
   Department of Foreign Affairs Treaty Series (DFATS), United Nations Treaty
   Series (UNTS) or the University of the Philippines Law Center's Philippine
   Treaty Series (PTS)

A. PHILIPPINES
        Philippine Treaty Series (U.P. Law Center) 7 vols. DFA
                 Treaty Series v.1-

   B.   FOREIGN

        United Nations Treaty Series 1946 to date
        League of Nations Treaty Series, 1920-1946
        Consolidated Treaty Series, 1948-1918
        Racueil General de Traites, 1876-present
        Periodicals such as International Legal Materials, American
                 Journal of International Law

   Tax treaties Eustaquio Ordono has published a series on the Philippine tax
   treaties.

           SC E-Library - forthcoming
1.3. Statutes Proper

        Statutes are enactments of the different legislative bodies of since 1900
broken down as follows:

        4,275 ACTS - Enactments from 1900-1935
        733 Commonwealth Acts - Enactments from 1935-1945
        2034 Presidential Decrees - Enactments from 1972-1985
        884 Batas Pambansa. – Enactments from 1979-1985
        9335 Republic Acts - Enactments from 1946-1972, 1987- April 2005

          Martial Law, other Presidential issuances are: 57 General Orders, 1,525
Letters of Instruction, 2,489 Proclamations, 832 Memorandum Order, 1,297
Memorandum Circular, 157 Letter of Implementation, Letter of Authority, Letters of
Instruction, 504 Administrative Order and 1,093 Executive Orders.

          Laws passed by the new 1987 Congress started from Rep. Act No. 6636,
the last Republic Act promulgated by Congress before Martial Law was Rep. Act No.
6635.
          The following are the Philippine codes adopted from 1901 to present:

  a.   Child and Youth Welfare Code                o. Muslim Code of Personal Laws
  b.   Civil Code                                  p. National Building Cide
  c.   Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Code          q. National Code of Marketing of
  d.   Coconut Industry Code                          Breast-milk Substitutes and
  e.   Code of Commerce                               Supplements
  f.   Cooperative Code                            r. National Internal Revenue Code
  g.   Corporation Code                            s. Omnibus Election Code
  h.   Family Code                                 t. Philippine Environment Code
  i.   Fire Code                                   u. Revised Administrative Code
  j.   Forest Reform Code                          v. Revised Penal Code
  k.   Intellectual Property Code                  w. Sanitation Code
  l.   Labor Code                                  x. State Auditing Code
  m.   Land Transportation and Traffic Code        y. Tariff and Customs Code
  n.    Local Government Code                      z. Water Code


  Implementing Rules and Regulations and other issuances. At times, it is better to use the
commercial or secondary sources for all related information are appended
           LEGAL BIBLIOGRAPHY
I.   STATUTES

     A.   STATUTE LAW BOOKS

          Acts and Resolutions of the Batasang Pambansa, (1978-1984). 6v
          Arroyo, Basilisa C., and Perla S. Frianeza, eds. 1986 Presidential
                   Issuances; An Annotated Compilation of Executive Orders,
          Commonwealth Acts Nos. 1-733 by the House of Representatives
                  Legislative Reference Library. 4v.
          Commonwealth Acts Annotated by Sulpicio Guevarra (1968). 3v.
          Compendium of Laws of the Philippines. House of Representatives
                   Congressional Library (1989). 2v
          Laws and resolutions passed during the first session of the Congress of the
                   Commonwealth and of the First Congress of the Republic of the
                   Philippines. Manila: Bureau of Printing (1951).
          Laws and Resolutions of the Republic of the Philippines.
                   Manila: Bureau of Printing (1955). 27v.
          Laws and Resolutions Manila: Bureau of Printing. (1987-Present).
                   vol.1-present
A. STATUTE LAW BOOKS

  The Laws of the First Philippine Republic; The Law of Malolos, 1898-1899 by
        Sulpicio Guevarra (1972).
  Lex Libris: Laws by CD Asia Technologies Inc (CD ROM)
  Official Gazette. Volume 1 to present (1901- present) weekly
  Philippine Permanent and General Statutes. Compiled and edited by
        Gabriel B. Trinidad. (1971). 4v with Suppl..
  Philippine Permanent and General Statutes. Compiled and edited by
        Gabriel V. Trinidad, Jr. rev. ed. (1978- present). 7 vols.
  Presidential Decrees with General Orders and Letters of Instructions.
        Prepared and edited by Wenceslao G. Laureta (1973).
  Presidential Decrees Consequent to Proclamation Nos. 1081/1104; Comp.
        & Consolidated ed. By F.D. Pinpin (1973- ) v.
  Presidential Decrees, Letters of Instruction, and Other Presidential.
        Compiled and bound annual from Malacañang
  Public Laws Annotated. Edited by Sulpicio Guevarra. (1963). 7v.
  Public Laws enacted by the Philippine Legislature. Manila: Bureau of
  Printing. (1910-1935). 24 v.
  Public Laws of the Commonwealth Annotated by Jacobo & Sons. n.d. 4v.
A. STATUTE LAW BOOKS

  Public Laws of the Commonwealth Enacted by The National Assembly
         Manila: Bureau of Printing. (1939-1941). 2 v.
  Public Laws of the Commonwealth Enacted by The National Assembly of
         the Philippines. (1935-1946). Edited by Floro P. Agustin. n.d.
  Public Laws Passed by the Philippine Commission. Manila: Bureau of
         Printing, (1903-1908). 6 vols.
  Republic Acts and Resolutions. House of Representatives.
         Vital Documents on the Proclamation No. 1081 Declaring a State of
         Martial Law in the Philippines from the Declaration of the New
         Constitution Jan. 17, 1973) by the National Media Production Center, n.
         d. 3v..
  Vital Legal Document Compiled and edited by the CBS Editorial Staff. 116 v.
  Vital Legal Document Compiled and edited by the CBS Editorial Staff
         Second Series. (1997-Present) vol.-present
  U.S. Congress. Senate. Senate Documents. Laws of the Fourth Philippine
         Legislature. Washington : Government Printing Office (1918.) vols. 3-4:
B.         STATUTE FINDER (Index)

     Aguirre, Vyva Victoria. Subject and Title Index to Executive Orders.
           February 25, 1986 - July 26, 1987 Legis Index No. 1 (1987).
     Albert, Justo R., and Rizal Gorospe Daga. Philippine Laws Made Easier to
           Find (1954).
     Arroyo, Basilisa C., and Perla S. Frianeza. Topical Index: 1986
           Presidential Issuances.(1987)
     Moran, Isabelo C. Index to Republic Acts Nos. 1-1613 (vols. 1-11)
           Consisting Congressional Bills Enacted (1956) with supplement.
     Moreno, Federico B. Official Gazette Desk Book. v. 1- (1956)
     Philippine Annotated Laws. Manila: Lawyers Cooperative Pub. v
     Philippines, Batasang Pambansa. Library Services.
           Source List of Executive Orders (1966-1986). (1986)
           Source List of Letters of Instruction (1972-1986). (1986
           Source List of Presidential Decrees Issued from 1972-1986
     Philippines. Batasang Pambansa. Library Service. Subject Index to
           Presidential Decrees Nos. 1-2036. (1985).
     Philippines. Congress. House of Representatives. Subject Index to
           Compendium of Philippine Laws. (1989). Vol. 3
B.        STATUTE FINDER (Index)

          Philippines. Congress. House of Representatives. Index Guide for
                   Executive Order Nos. 1-302. (1989).
          Philippines. Presidential Decrees and Subject Index by Malacañang
                   Records Office (1976).
          Philippines. President (Marcos, 1965-1986). Presidential Decrees with
                   General Orders and Letters of Instructions; Prepared and edited
                   by Wenceslao G. Laureta. Manila: Rex Book Store, 1978. vol. 2.
          Presidential Decrees Guide and Subject Index, No. 1-1000. Manila:
                   Malacañang Records Office (1976).
          Subject Guide to Presidential Decrees and other Presidential Issuances.
                   1975-1986. QC: (1975-1987). v.
          Subject Index to the Official Gazette, 1945-1985 by the Supreme Court
                   Library Services, (1993) 2vols.
          Vital Legal Documents Index Guide: Covers all Presidential Decrees,
                   Letters of Instructions, General Orders and CB Circulars from
                   volumes 1-25. (1976).

     *Full Text of Republic Acts. Presidential Issuances, Rules and Regulations
     of Administrative Agencies, Ordinances are published also in newspapers
     of general issuances pursuant to Executive Order No. 200 of 1986.
   NO UP-TO-DATE STATUTE FINDER
   EXCEPT Electronic sources such as
    SC E-library (being completed)
   CD s
   Other online sources
PRESIDENTIAL or Executive Issuances
Proclamations, Administrative Orders, Executive Orders
and Memorandum Orders & Circulars
YEAR is a must or if no year is available, the President
involve.
The number of these Presidential issuances starts with
no. 1 as a new President is sworn in. Exception to this
are the Executive Orders issued by President Carlos
Garcia after he assumed the Presidency because
President Magsaysay died in a plane crash. He
continued the number started by Pres. Magsaysay.
When President Garcia was elected as President, he
started his Executive Order No. 1.
      1.4. Administrative Rules and Regulations

Issuing Agency and the Year it was promulgated. This is due to the fact that all
Department, Bureaus, and other government agencies use the ADMINISTRATIVE ORDERS,
MEMORANDUM ORDERS AND MEMORANDUM CIRCULARS for their administrative rules
and regulations AND they start always with number 1 EVERY YEAR. Even the Supreme
Court issues Administrative Orders, Circulars, Memorandum Orders, and Administrative
Matters.

When the 1987 Administrative Code (Executive Order No. 292) promulgated all
governmental and department orders, rules and regulations have to be filed with the
UP Law Center who are required to publish National Administrative Register- CD
ROMS (CD Asia Technologies Inc.) at the Supreme Court E-Library.

To get the latest text of these regulations, GO TO THE WEB SITES of the specific
government agency and/or with the latest technology, they are available in their
websites.

The following are alternate sources:
      a. National Administrative Register
      b. Official Gazette -- Selective publication
      c. Philippine Law Journals such as Court Systems Journal,
      Lawyers Review, Philippine Law Gazette, etc.
      d. Bulletin and/or Newsletter of the Administrative Agency
and Instrumentality is the latest source of administrative
2. Research of Case Law

          2.1 Supreme Court Decisions

  Decisions of the Supreme Court are classified as follows:

       a. "Regular decisions" and extended Resolutions are published in court
           reports either in primary or secondary sources.

           Unsigned Minute Resolutions are not published. SC E-Library

      Case Reports in the Philippines such the Philippine Reports, SCRA, SCAD
         come in bound volume which generally covers a month

    Judge Nitafan Supreme Court Unpublished Decisions; vol. 1 covers decisions
  from March 1946 to February 1952. SC E-Library


  Jurisprudencia Filipina. The were translated to form the Philippine Reports.
  SCRA, SCAD Lex Libris Jurisprudence CD ROM
                   Case Reports
!e-library! A Century & 4 Years of Philippine Supreme Court Decisions
1901-April 2004.         Research & Development Department, Agoo
Computer College, Agoo, Lau Union, Philippines               (CD ROM)
      Lex Libris: Jurisprudence. CD Asia Technologies Inc. CD ROM)
      Official Gazette. v.1- present (1901 – present). (Selective
Publication for each Court e.g.                     Supreme Court, Court of
Appeals)
      Philippine Laws and Jurisprudence
      Philippine Reports. vol. 1- present (1904 to present)
      Philippine Reports Annotated Edited by Vicente J. Francisco. (1933)
29v.
      Philippine Reports Annotated. Compiled, Annotated and Edited by the
Editorial Staff of the                     Central Central Lawbook Pub., v.
1+ Manila: Central Lawbook Publishing, 1987+
      Sandiganbayan Reports. v.1- (1983-        ).
      Supreme Court Advanced Decisions (SCAD) (2003 to present) vol.-
Present
      Supreme Court Reports Annotated (SCRA). v.1- present (1967-
2004)
      Supreme Court Rulings: /compiled/ by Jose N. Nolledo. (1984). 9v.
      Supreme Court Unpublished Decisions, March, 1946 to February,
III.        CASE LAW

       B.      CASE FINDERS (Digest and Index, etc.)

               Ateneo de Manila University. Index to Cases Decided by the Supreme Court of the Republic of
                           the Philippines. (1961-1975) (1977).
               Case Digest 1951: Abstracts of Cases Published by the Supreme Court of the Philippines:
                           Camilo D. Quaison, editor. (1952).
               Case Digest January-June 1953: Camilo D. Quiason, editor. (1953).
               Case Digest of Supreme Court Decisions by the Supreme Court. (July 1988 to present.)
                           Monthly
               Castigador, Lerio Caballero. Citations; Excerpts of Supreme Court Decisions (1991-        )
               Castillo, Armando C. Subject Index to Published and Unpublished
                           Decisions of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. (1952).
               Del Rosario, Leon S. Index Digest of Philippine Supreme Court Decisions.(1953).
               Dominguez, Artistotle T. SCEX; 410 Excerpts-Issues From 304 Supreme Court
                           Decisions/Resolution Promulgated from 3 September – 31 January 1997. (1997)
               Gorospe, Rene B. And Echiverri, Lilia F. Index to SCRA Annotation (1994)
               Index to Supreme Court Decisions by the Supreme Court v.
               Magsino, Celso L. Compendium of Philippine Jurisprudence: Supreme Court Decisions from
                           1945 to 1980. (1984-1989) 9v. Supplement. 2v.
               Martinez, Daniel T. Summary of Supreme Court Rulings. 1985-1997 Annual.
               Moreno, Federico B. Official Gazette Desk Book. (1956) v.1-
               Navarrete, Antonio F. 1957 Digest-Index - Manila: Printed by Benipayo Press, 1958.
               Philippines Digest; Digest of the Reports of the Supreme Court of the Philippine Islands;
                           Covering All Decisions of the Supreme Court of the Philippine Islands and the
                           Philippine Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States. (1927-1930). 50v.
B.          CASE FINDERS (Digest and Index, etc.)

     Republic of the Philippines Digest Covering all Decisions of the Supreme Court of the
            Philippines from July 4,1946, through September 1958 including all Cases
            Not Officially Published as Well as Cases Reported in the Official Reports
            and the Official Gazette. (1960-70). 8v. with supplement
     Santos-Ong, Milagros. Title Index to Supreme Court Decisions. 2v.
     Santos-Ong, Milagros. Title Index to Supreme Court Decisions; 1978-1982 Supplement
     Santos-Ong, Milagros. Title Index to Supreme Court Decisions, 1981-1985.
            Sibal, J.A. Index SCRA Annotations (vols. 1-309) (2001)
     Supreme Court Subject Index and Digest . (1976-        ) Quarterly, with annual
                         cummulation. vol.1- .
     Supreme Court Decisions: A Title Index, 1982-1985. Vyva Victoria M. Aguirre, editor.
            (1987).
     Supreme Court Reports Annotated (1984).
     Supreme Court Reports Annotated Quick Index -- Digest. (1972- Present) v.1- present
            Annual publication
     Velayo’s Digest General Index by Jose Agaton Sibal. (1980) 2v.
     Velayo’s Digest of Philippine Supreme Court and Court of Appeals Decisions, 1942-
            1973; by Ramon M. Velayo. (1963-1970.)
Title Approach or Title of the Approach: (Please See Complete title of
    the publication from the Philippine Legal Bibliography chapter)

1. Philippine Digest - Case Index
2. Republic of the Philippines Digest
3. Ong, M. Title Index to SC decisions 1946-1978 2v.; 1978-1981 1st
   Suppl; 1981-1985, 2nd Suppl; 1986 to present is unpublished but
   available at the SC Lib
4. Ateneo's Index & Aquirre's Index
5. Lex Libris Jurisprudence/Template search
How can we search for Supreme Court decisions:
Topic or Subject Approach: (Please See Complete title of the publication from the
   Philippine Legal Bibliography chapter)

    1. Philippine Digest
    2. Republic of the Philippine Digest
    3. Velayo's digest
    4. Magsino's Compendium
    5. Supreme Court's unpublished Subject Index
    6. Martinez's Summary of Supreme Court rulings 1984- to 1997
    7. UP Law Center's Supreme Court decisions: subject index and digest's
    8. SC's Case Digest's
    9. Philippine Law and Jurisprudence
    10. Castigador’s Citations
    11. SCRA Quick Index Digest
    12. Lex Libris Jurisprudence
Court of Appeals decisions
TEXT:
Reports Office of the Court of Appeals
Official Gazette (selective publication)
Court of Appeals. Report of Cases Decided by the Court of Appeals of the
          Philippines. (1961-1980) 25 v.
Court of Appeals Reports Annotated: Selected Decisions of the Court of Appeals
          in 1986/compiled, Annotated and Edited by the Editorial Staff of the
          Central Lawbook Publishing Co., v. 1- (1988- )
Philippine Law and Jurisprudence
SC-Elibrary

Subject or Topic Approach:
Velayo's Digest;
Moreno's Philippine Law dictionary
Decisions of Special Courts

         Sandiganbayan and the Court of Tax Appeals do not have published
   decisions.
         TEXT:
         Sandiganbayan LEGAL OFFICE
        The Sandiganbayan has only one volume published; Sandiganbayan
   Reports vol. 1 covers decisions promulgated from December 1979 to 1980.
         SC E-Library

         Court of Tax Appeals decisions from 1980 to 2004 are found in the Lex
   Libris; Taxation CD ROM. SC E-Library
   SUPREME COURT E-LIBRARY

   OTHER ONLINE SOURCES
   Lawphil.net
   Chanrobles.com etc.
1.   Electronic Sources
      2.     CD-Roms
         1. CD Asia Technologies Inc. The LEX LIBRIS
             Vol 1 LAWS (Philippine Edition)
             Vol 2 TAXATION (Philippine Edition)
             Vol 3 JURISPRUDENCE (The Supreme
                   Court Reports)
             Vol 4 DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
                    (Opinions of the Secretary). —
             Vol. 5 LOCAL AUTONOMY AND LOCAL
                    GOVERNMENT
             Vol 6 ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL
                    RESOURCES
             Vol 7 LABOR AND SOCIAL LEGISLATION
             Vol 8 ELECTIONS
             Vol 9 TRADE COMMERCE AND
                          INDUSTRY .
                            OTHER TITLES
LEX LIBRIS STUDENT EDITION.
BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS.
            LEX LIBRIS STUDENT EDITION.
            BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS.
            THE NATIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGISTER (1990 TO 2000).



            PROCEEDINGS OF THE 1986 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION.
            IMPEACHMENT PROCEEDINGS AGAINST PRES. JOSEPH E.
            ESTRADA.


2.    !e-library! A Century & 4 Years of Philippine Supreme Court
      Decisions 1901-
               April 2004. Research & Development Department, Agoo
               Computer
               College, Agoo, Lau Union, Philippines

3.    i-LAW Instant CD – Supreme Court Decisions from 1901 to February
      2005
          ONLINE SOURCES

1.a.    Philippine On-Line Sources

         Supreme Court E-Library (http://www.supremecourt.gov.ph)
         Chan Robles Law Firm Virtual Law Library
(http://www.chanrobles.com)

        Arellano Law Foundation (http://www.lawphil.net

        Pinoy law.com. (http://www.pinoylaw.com)

1.b. Foreign

        Findlaw.com
        Lexis
        Westlaw http://www.westlaw.com
                HTTP
http://elibrary.supremecourt.gov.ph
REGISTERED

1. Atty. Danilo B. Fernando

2. Atty. Suzanne D. Cobbarubias-Nabaza

3.Atty. Ma-an Therese V. Maramba
4. Atty. Joevanni A. Villanueva
5. Atty. Michael Benedick V. Aleta
6. Atty. Czarina E. Saplala
FOR REGISTRATION
NAMEBDAYREGISTERED EDP NO.1.
1.Atty. Ma. Victoria P. Dural CTA006-
     40038
2. Atty. Rene D. Natividad CTA5-1-02
3. Atty. Caroline N. Lansang CTA2-3-03
4. Atty. Amelia Dolores B. Castillo CTA2-
2-04
REGISTERED TEMPORARILY
NAME BDAY EMP NO. USERNAME PASSWORD
1. Atty. Maria Karen Bustamante Rebato
Jan. 23, 1977 00640083 krebato rebatokaren
2. Atty. Christine Canto Maza
July 9, 1976 00640072 chrismaza cantomaza
3. Atty. Jonathan Jordan Larga
Sept. 21, 1975 00640060 jonlarga jordanlarga
4. Atty. Ruberna Balading Quibal
Jan. 24, 1976 00740082 bernaquibalquibalbernab
5. Atty. Manuel Jonathan Nolasco See
May 10, 1977 00640091 manuelsee seenolasco
6. Atty. Maria Donnah C. Lerona-Camitan
Nov. 10, 1977 00640064 mariadonnah leronacamitan
7. Atty. Leizl Lim Soriano-Calimaran
May 16, 1977 00640095
Leizlcalimaran leizlsoriano
8. Atty. Maybelle Canlas Ramos
May 4, 1980 0074009 maybelleramos
maybelleramosc
9. Atty. Maria Johoanna F. Chan-Te
Nov. 2, 1975 0074010 johoanna mariachante
10. Atty. Ana Narleah M. Bonifacio-Cruz
Dec. 30, 1977 0074011 narleah cruznarleah
11. Atty. Sugar C. Reyes
Oct. 5, 1978 0074012 sugarreyes
reyescaranto
Rules on Guardianship of Minors : RE : AM. 03-02-
05-SC Resolution : May 1, 2003
... Rules on Guardianship of Minors : RE : AM. 03-02-
05-SC Resolution : May 1, 2003
Query occured 15 time(s) in this document
A.M. No. RTJ-06-2010
... 2004 Nov. 27, 2004 - do - 9. M-5893 In Re:
Guardianship of Minors Manguale Sept. 20, 2004
Dec. 20, 2004 - do - CRIMINAL CASES
Query occured 9 time(s) in this document
Vancil vs Belmes : 132223 : June 19, 2001 : J.
Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division
...CA-G.R. CV No. 45650, “In the Matter of
Guardianship of Minors Valerie Vancil and Vincent
Vancil – Bonifacia P. Vancil, Petitioner-Appellee,
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
A.M. No. 06-8-09-SC : Re: Designation of a Focal Person and an Assistant Focal Person for
Designated Family Courts and Other Regional Trial Courts Handling Family and Youth
Cases : August 15, 2006 : En Banc
...of Children, Custody and Habeas Corpus in relation to Minors, Guardianship of Minors,
and Anti-Violence Against Women and Children, and, b) the
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. Garcia
vs CA : 116835 : March 5, 1998 : J. Kapunan : Third Division
...to dismiss the petition because this is a petition for guardianship of minors, not for
intestate proceedings . So this is a case where
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. Garcia
vs CA : 116835 : March 5, 1998 : J. Kapunan : Third Division
...to dismiss the petition because this is a petition for guardianship of minors, not for
intestate proceedings . So this is a case where
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
..............................................................................................................................................
Administrative Orders
...LAW A.M. No. 03-02-05-SC RULE ON GUARDIANSHIP OF MINORS A.M. NO. 03-04-04-SC
RULE ON CUSTODY
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
..............................................................................................................................................
A.M. No. 06-8-09-SC : Re: Designation of a Focal Person and an Assistant Focal Person for
Designated Family Courts and Other Regional Trial Courts Handling Family and Youth
Cases : August 15, 2006 : En Banc
...of Children, Custody and Habeas Corpus in relation to Minors, Guardianship of Minors,
and Anti-Violence Against Women and Children, and, b) the
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. Garcia
vs CA : 116835 : March 5, 1998 : J. Kapunan : Third Division
...to dismiss the petition because this is a petition for guardianship of minors, not for
intestate proceedings . So this is a case where
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. Garcia
vs CA : 116835 : March 5, 1998 : J. Kapunan : Third Division
...to dismiss the petition because this is a petition for guardianship of minors, not for
intestate proceedings . So this is a case where
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
..............................................................................................................................................
Administrative Orders
...LAW A.M. No. 03-02-05-SC RULE ON GUARDIANSHIP OF MINORS A.M. NO. 03-04-04-SC
RULE ON CUSTODY
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
..............................................................................................................................................
Request: "chilling effect" tax
9 document(s) retrieved
Items 1 - 9
Score Document 100% Allied Bank vs QC Gov't : 154126 : October 11, 2005 : J. Carpio-Morales : En Banc :
Decision
...effectivity of this revision shall be subject to real estate tax based on the actual amount reflected in the
deed of
Query occured 34 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. 59% The Legacy of
Chief Justice Claudio Teehankee to the Rule of Law
...infiltrate and disrupt anti-war organizations, authorize the auditing of tax returns of prominent
opponents of the war, and hire a
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. 59% PCGG vs
Sandiganbayan : 151809-12 : April 12, 2005 : J. Carpio-Morales : En Banc : Dissenting Opinion
...of assignment for other years (1937 to 1941). For income tax purposes what is decided with respect to
one contract is
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. 59% Estrada vs
Sandiganbayan : 148560 : November 19, 2001 : J. Bellosillo : En Banc
...HUNDRED MILLION PESOS ( P 200,000,000.00) tobacco excise tax share allocated for the
province of Ilocos Sur under R.
Query occured 3 time(s) in this document
..............................................................................................................................................
RESISTING ELECTRONICS DISCOVERY: EXPANDING ATTORNEY-CLIENT PRIVILEGE, WORK PRODUCT PRIVILEGE, AND THE
RIGHT TO PRIVACY
...a defense contractor embroiled in a grand jury investigation for tax evasion resisted discovery of six documents. The
government claimed that
Query occured 8 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. PCGG vs Sandiganbayan : 151809-12 : April
12, 2005 : J. Callejo Sr : En Banc : Dissenting Opinion
...application of Rule 6.03 because it would have a “chilling effect on the right of government to recruit competent counsel to
Query occured 4 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. Estrada vs Sandiganbayan : 148560 :
November 19, 2001 : J. Mendoza's Opinion
...hundred million pesos [ P 200,000,000.00] tobacco excise tax share allocated for the Province of Ilocos Sur under R.
Query occured 4 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. law_journals\PLJ 79 Issue 4\finished\1029 -
1112 -- TAN FINAL Dec 31 2004.doc
...a superfluous return to Inset 269 and inadvertently casting a chilling effect over the Internet 270 by discouraging what are
now common
Query occured 10 time(s) in this document
.............................................................................................................................................. THE INTERNATIONAL SHOE STILL FITS THE
VIRTUAL FOOT: A DUE PROCESS FRAMEWORK FOR PHILIPPINE INTERNET PERSONAL JURISDICTION PROBLEMS
...a superfluous return to Inset [269] and inadvertently casting a chilling effect over the Internet [270] by discouraging what are
now common
Query occured 10 time(s) in this document
..............................................................................................................................................

								
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