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Women Trafficking

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					Women Trafficking

I. INTRODUCTION

       Welcome delegates! My name is Monica Stainer and I will be chairing your

committee, UNIFEM, at the Edison Model United Nations Conference. I am currently a

senior and have been a part of MUN for four years. Besides MUN, I am actively involved

in my school. I am a member of our school’s Associate Student Body and have been the

Sophomore Class President, Junior Class President, and currently Commissioner of

Assemblies. Dancing has been a part of my life for 14 years and I am the captain on the

Edison Song/Cheer team. I absolutely love traveling and I have been to over a dozen

counties. I am looking forward to our committee and the solutions we create. Regarding

preparation, I strongly encourage each of you to have complete knowledge about the

topic and your country’s policy and be able to present your ideas with diplomacy. If you

have any questions about the topics or the structure of committee, please do not hesitate

to ask via email at mstainer88@yahoo.com . Good Luck!

II. BACKGROUND OF THE TOPIC

       According to the UNODC, trafficking of women “involves an act of recruiting,

transporting, transferring, harbouring, or receiving a person through the use of force,

coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploitation”. The trafficking of persons is

the second largest criminal activity in the international community; the first is the illicit

drug trade. This worldwide issue involves source, transit, and destination countries where

females are tricked and forced into exploitation. Researchers have discovered that there

are an estimated 127 source countries, 98 transit countries, and 137 source countries.
Trafficking is most prevalent in the regions of Southeast Asia and Europe. The countries

where the trafficking of women occurs the most are Thailand, Cambodia, Russia, Japan,

Belgium, Israel, Italy, and Turkey. It is a global issue for it occurs in a minimum of 161

countries. The U.S Department of State’s Trafficking Persons Report stated that of the

800,000 individuals trafficked each year, 80% of these individuals are females. It is

considered an “invisible crime” because it is done illegally through sneaking women

across borders. The global economy profits about 32 billion dollars each year from the

trafficking industry, where almost 16 billion dollars is profited in industrialized nations

and 10 billion dollars is profited in Asia.


       Trafficked women are forced into hard labor and are sexually exploited. Females

are more vulnerable to trafficking than males because they are promised a secure job, but

then are taken into brothels and forced to work in the sex industry as prostitutes or in the

pornography industry. Once they arrive, their identification papers, including passports

and driver’s license, are confiscated, leaving the woman with no identity. Studies have

shown that 70% of women trafficked are forced into sexual exploitation, whereas the

remaining 30% are coerced into hard labor. Living conditions are unsanitary and the

victims are at risk for disease. Workers in factories are exposed to pesticides and

chemicals and are often malnourished. HIV/AIDS is a major issue in response to

prostitution and sexual exploitation because the women are not protected from the

retrovirus and can easily spread it to potential partners. Psychological issues often arise

from trafficked women due to the fact they are taken from their family, stripped of their

identity, exploited with either hard labor or prostitution, and physically and/or

emotionally abused.
III. UNITED NATIONS INVOLVEMENT

       Trafficking women has been a serious topic in the United Nations since it’s

creation in 1945. UNIFEM, the United Nations Development Fund for Women, was

established in 1976 and this organization focuses on the gender equality and

empowerment of women. Trafficking is addressed by the United Nations Office on Drugs

and Crime. These UN Organizations, along with the United Nations Human Rights

Council, focus on the empowerment of women and children and protecting their rights. In

2007, the UNODC launched the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human

Trafficking (UN.GIFT). This program works in cooperation with other UN organizations

in order to eradicate the trafficking of persons, protect victims of trafficking and ensure

their human rights. Considering trafficking is an “underground” industry, it is difficult for

the UN to face the issue directly.

       A/RES/55/25, passed on January 8, 2001, adopts the United Nations Convention

against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish

Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. This protocol addresses all

member states and focuses on the victims’ psychological, physical, and emotional

stability by providing rehabilitation centers and housing, enforcing the laws against

trafficking and punishing those responsible for the illegal transferring of persons, and the

status of victims in destination countries. It also addresses the need for border control,

without infringing on a country’s sovereignty, and to ensure the security of travel and

identity documents. The protocol calls for bilateral and multilateral cooperation,
settlement of disputes, research, the use of mass media to advertise this issue, and the

empowerment of women in society as preventative measures to this topic.




IV. POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

       Trafficking is primarily initiated by the female population’s desperation for jobs

in order to support their family. A possible solution is to create jobs, which would

employ women. This will prevent women from accepting offers from traffickers.

Another possible solution is to focus on the empowerment of women and gender equality.

This can be implemented through education to raise awareness about this global issue and

by providing vocational training. Women and girls should also be taught how to defend

themselves in dangerous situation and how to receive help if they do fall into the traps of

trafficking. An anti-trafficking program that should be expanded is The Polaris Project.

This involves a hotline, available 24 hours a day, where victims can report their

trafficking incident, or contact the emergency line where action must be taken

immediately.

       The process and outcome of trafficking leaves the woman in emotional turmoil.

Rehabilitation and support centers should be provided for the women. This will allow the

woman to consult others who faced the same circumstances and discuss their trauma with

a psychologist or support group.


V. QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER
    1. What actions has your country taken to eradicate women trafficking?
    2. Is your country a source, transit, or destination country?
    3. How will your country promote women empowerment?
    4. How do you plan on securing your national borders?
     5.   Has your country signed or ratified the United Nations Convention against
          Transnational Organized Crime?

VI. REFERENCES
      1. http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/human-trafficking/what-is-human-
         trafficking.html?ref=menuside
      2. http://www.catwinternational.org/factbook/index.php
      3. http://www.uncjin.org/Documents/Conventions/dcatoc/final_documents/383e.
         pdf
      4. http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/HT-globalpatterns-en.pdf
      5. http://www.unifem.org/

				
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