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					               Associates
  Fernanda Prazeres : Shared Vision
       Oscar Barbosa : Mitigation
      Provi Caraballo : Adaptation
Julianne Prokopich : Transfer & Finance
Long-Term Cooperative Action
     Shared Vision
 Long-term reduction target
    Push for a 60% reduction target by 2050 for developed
     countries only

 Means to achieve long-term goals
   Stress importance of relaxing intellectual property
    rights for energy efficiency technology

 Renewable Energy
    Pressure for extinction of trade barriers on biofuel
Preventing the worst
The Scenarios
Mitigation
 Response to the post-industrialization emissions and
  climate change
 Involves the adoption of measures and policies to
  prevent climate change from affecting our lives in the
  future
 Changing the consumption and environmental
  practices across the world will directly change the
  culture and current practices, preventing global
  warming and further emissions.
                   Mitigation and Historical
                            responsibilities
 Countries shall contribute to the solution in direct proportion to
 their contribution to the problem.

                                   Annex II countries shall,
 Annex I countries shall:
                                      reduce emissions
    aim to an absolute
                                       according to nationally
     reduction in the emissions
                                       appropriate actions,
    Find clear mitigation
                                      Annex II countries shall
     commitments,
                                       carry due diligence to
    Finance and promote               promote environmental
     technological mechanisms          practices, and a “green”
     to aid Annex II countries in      culture, minding on
     Environmental Efforts.            sustainable development
Adaptation
• Developing countries face the highest costs regarding
 its impacts.

• Barriers that hinder adaptation: knowledge gaps,
 impediments to information flows relevant for
 adaptation decisions and insufficient resources for
 building adaptive capacity and translating it into
 action in developing countries.
Adaptation
 The establishment of national and regional centers for
 adaptation planning.

 The establishment of national climate change
 committees for adaptation, similar to the “ozone units”
 created by the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal
 Protocol.

 Financing for adaptation should be considerably
 increased in order to redress the balance in the
 allocation of funds under the climate change regime.
Development Mechanisms
Development and Transfer of ESTs:
Five Key Elements
 Technology Information
 Capacity Building
 Enabling Environments
 Technology Transfer Needs Assessment
 Financial and Institutional Mechanisms
Financing Mechanisms
 Expand the carbon market
   Private and public investors
 Auction of allowances for emissions
   Purchase credits with cash and by way of EST transfer
 Update the Clean Development Mechanism
 (CDM)
   Reward joint technological development and
    transnational emission reductions
   Divide emission credits: 1:3 ratio
   Reduce emissions by at least 3% from the previous
    year

				
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