VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 18 POSTED ON: 4/14/2012
Babysitting Contract Responsibilities: • Leave child(ren) in babysitting upon own discretion and satisfaction with the babysitter and provided babysitting services. Pending due and reasonable care by the babysitter, nor the host venue are responsible for any injury to the child(ren) or any damage to child(ren)’s or parent’s personal property. • Notify babysitter of child(ren)’s allergies or any other medical conditions or concerns. • Provide babysitter with food for child(ren). • Timely payment of babysitting charges by the end of the assignment. Contact Numbers Charges per Family: • $ _________ per child per hour ( $ _.__ x __= $ _.__) • 1 child = $40.00 per child for the entire weekend. • Every additional child after the first = $15.00 for full weekend. • Charges are non-negotiable. • Payment must be made to the _____________________ by the end of the assignment. • The babysitter will provide some safe games, arts & crafts, books, and toys which are t o remain the babysitter’s property but can be utilized by the babysitter to entertain the child(ren). I ______________________________ agree to the above terms and conditions regarding my responsibilities and the charges for utilizing ______________________’s babysitting services. ______________________________ _____________________ (signature) (date) Babysitters preparation for a job This information sheet must be filled out and left with the sitter. Take the babysitting responsibility seriously. Responsible babysitters prepare for all babysitting jobs. Get directions to the Family Profile and Care information job location and make arrangements to get to the location and return home from the babysitting job. Don't assume your Family name and Home Number Mother work number employer will take you home. Be sure to ask them before they Address Mother cell number leave the house. If you are walking home, especially after dark, Father work number ask an adult or parent to walk you home. Father cell number What to do after the parents leave: Incase of Emergencies Call •Arrive at the home early, this time may be used to meet the children, tour the Closest neighbor/ relative house, receive instructions and house safety rules. Name •Having visitors while babysitting is a bad policy. Babysitters should always Number get approval if they would like to have a visitor of the same gender. Babysitters should never have visitors of the opposite gender. Address •Lock the front door after the parents leave. Parents can be reached at: Name of Location •If it is evening, turn on the porch/outside light. Name of Location Number Number •Do another walk through to make sure all the doors and windows are locked from the inside. What the babysitter needs to know: •Be prepared for an emergency. Leave the information you received from their Child Profile Child Profile parents near the phone or in your pocket if you have a cell phone. •Make a schedule for the time you will be with them based upon the answers Name Name the parents gave you. Example: 5:00 dinner 5:45 bath time 6:15 bedtime Allergies Allergies •Never give the children any medicine or food unless instructed to do so by the parents. Bedtime Bedtime •Remember that your job is to care for the children. Tender, loving care usually quiets an unhappy child. Snacks Snacks •If the children are asleep, check on them about every 15 minutes. •If the children are up, know their location at all times and never leave them Medications Medications alone too long. Medical conditions Medical conditions •If for any reason, you must leave the house, TAKE THE CHILDREN WITH YOU! Friends Friends •DO NOT open the door for anyone unless you personally know the person. •Always call your parents or the kid's parents if there are any problems or Phone/ Computer Phone/ Computer questions. •If someone insists on coming in, and you do not recognize them through the Rules Rules peephole, or if you suspect a prowler, CALL THE POLICE AT 911. Phone Messages Phone Messages Caregiver Skills Checkup Caring for children means fulfilling the Directions: Listed below are situations related to young children and their behavior. If you were caring for the young children described in the situations, how would you solve each of these needs that children have. problems? Circle the letter of the best solution. 1. Four-year-old Dana has just painted the kitchen floor with her watercolors. You should: 1. Tell Dana angrily that she may not use her paints ever again. 2.Have Dana help you clean the floor. 3.Send Dana to her room. 2. You are taking six-year-old Andy to the park. It is cold, and you tell him he needs to wear his hat. He doesn’t want to wear it. You should: 1. Let him go to the park without his hat. 2.Tell Andy he can’t go to the park. 3.Explain to him that he needs his hat to keep him warm outdoors. 3. Yvonne’s parents are leaving for the evening, and Yvonne, who is three, begins to cry as she watches them go. You should: 1. Tell Yvonne to stop crying or you will not read her a story. 2.Tell Yvonne that her parents will come home after she is asleep. Social 3.Sit down with Yvonne and read her a story or play her favorite game. Intellectual 4. Four-year-old Terrence wants the toy his two-year-old sister, Kendra, is playing with. He Needs grabs the toy and hits her when she tries to take it back. You should: 1. Let the children come to an agreement themselves. Needs 2.Ask Kendra to share the toy. 3.Tell Terrence firmly that hitting is not allowed and remove him from the situation. 5. It is time for Mike and George, who are both four years old, to come inside for lunch. They do not want to stop playing in the sandbox. You should tell the children: 1. I will be very upset with you if you don’t come inside right now. Child 2.I know you are having fun. It’s time for lunch. We’ll come back outside later. 3.Come inside now or you won’t get any lunch. Care 6. Three-year-old Luis has fallen and skinned his knee. He is crying, but is not seriously injured. You should: 1. Say to Luis, “Be a big boy and forget about it.” 2.Comfort Luis by hugging him; then clean and bandage the cut. 3.Tell Luis, “You should have been more careful.” 7. Two-year-old Mary and four-year-old Katie are throwing the cushions off the sofa. This is against their parents’ rules. You should tell the girls: Physical Moral 1. Stay off the sofa. 2.You might get hurt if you play on the sofa. Needs Needs 3.Let’s play outside for a while. 8. Without being reminded, four-year-old Chris helped you pick up the toys before naptime. You should: 1. Praise Chris by saying, “Thank you for helping put away the toys.” 2.Respond by saying, “Why don’t you help more often?” 3.Reward Chris by letting him skip his nap. 9. You and three-year-old Amy are sitting in the living room. While Amy plays with her blocks, you are watching a movie on television. Suddenly Amy becomes tired of the blocks and wants to play outside. You should: 1. Take Amy outside to play, but sit by the window so that you can watch her and the movie at the same time. 2.Tell Amy that the movie will be over in 30 minutes, and then she can go outside to play. 3.Turn off the movie, go outside, and play with Amy. Babysitting and Safety Guided Reading First Aid 1. Families can make their homes ________________________, whick Be sure to tell Parents of all of the means the home is a safe environment for children to play and explore. (page 180) treatment that their child received while they were gone. 2. List four ways in which families can make their homes safe and childproof (page 180) a. In an emergency call 911. b. Learn CPR. Knowledge of CPR c. during an emergency could be needed. In case of accident or illness, don't try to be a d. doctor or nurse except for minor cuts and 3. A ___________________ is someone who uses force to get into a home. bruises. If a minor problem arises call the (page 180) parents for instructions. If they cannot be 4. Caregivers need to take the following three precautions to prevent reached, call any alternate persons or your own intruders. (page 180) parents. If unable to contact an adult go to a a. neighbor for help. b. c. For minor cuts, stop bleeding by applying gentle pressure with a clean cloth. Wash the wound 5. ______________________ are the leading causes of accidental death in and apply a bandage. Notify the parents about homes in the United States. (page 181) all injuries unless they instructed otherwise. 6. List four guidelines to follow as the caregiver in order to prevent falls and other common injuries. (page 181) a. If the child swallows something poisonous, call 911. Have the container ready so you can read b. it to the operator on the phone. c. Put cool water on a burn, this slows skin damage. Do not use ointments, lotions or butter. d. 7. _________________ are the second leading cause of accidental deaths in If the skin is already blistered, dead white, the United States. (page 184) brown, or charred, you need emergency help. Call 911 First Aid 8. _____________________________ should be located on every floor of the home. (page 184) Always contact the parents if there is a serious injury or illness Scrapes and bruises: Clean scrapes with soap and water; apply antiseptic and 9. Try not to ____________________ if you become trapped by smoke or bandage. For bruises, apply a clean washcloth wrung out in cold water. fire. (page 184) Nosebleed: Keep child seated and leaning forward. If head is tilted back, child may choke. Apply direct pressure by pressing on bleeding nostril. Apply a cold 10. If you smell smoke or see a fire while you are caring for children, get thee towel to nose and face. children ______________________________ first. (page 184) Choking: First, look into the throat to see if injury or illness, something is caught there. Next, try to get the child to cough up the object. If these methods don’t 11. All poisonous items should be kept in a ______________ cabinet. If you work, you can use the suspect a child has been poisoned, the first step is to call the Earache: Pain can be relieved by covering the ear with a warm towel or heating _________________________________________________. (page 184) pad set on low. Call doctor. Cuts: Apply direct pressure to stop bleeding. Wash and apply antiseptic and a 12. Babies _________________________ to communicate their need for bandage. If cut is deep, call doctor. sleep, food, comfortable clothing, and attention. Bites (insect): For minor bites, wash the area and apply antiseptic or calamine lotion. For bee, hornet, or wasp stings, scrape against the stinger with a flat 13. When an infant cries, first check to see if he or she needs a clean diaper object, like a piece of cardboard until you pull out the venom sac. Wash area or is ___________________. thoroughly with soap and water. Caution: Some people are highly allergic to stings. If child is short of breath or faint or has stomach pain, call doctor 14. Three ways to calm a crying baby who just seems to need attention are immediately. ________________, _______________, or _________________ him or Bites (animal or human): Wash the wound with water; clean with soap and her. water, and cover with gauze. Call doctor. Burns: For minor burns, immediately run cold water on the burn for about five 15. Never leave an infant ______________________, because infants can roll minutes and apply a clean, dry dressing. For major burns, rush to hospital off _________________ and ____________________. immediately. Do not try to remove burned clothing. Heimlich maneuver: This procedure works by using pressure to force the object 16. Holding a baby over your baby over your shoulder and patting his or her that is interfering with breathing from the throat. back lightly you can five the baby a chance to _____________________. For older children and adults, stand behind victim and place your fists just below her rib cage. Have her lean forward while you give one quick, upward push 17. Get the baby’s parents to show you where to put dirty diapers. against her abdomen. This forces the air in her lungs to expel the object. Repeat if necessary. If the object doesn’t come out, seek help immediately. 18. Lay a baby down on his or her ________________ or ________________ For infants and toddlers, turn child face down over your arm. Using the heel of to sleep, but never on his or her ________________________. your other hand, give four quick blows between the child’s shoulder blades. Turn child over, supporting his head, neck, and back. Position your two fingers below 19. Toddlers require a lot of _______________________ because they are the rib cage and above the navel, and give four quick thrusts. Repeat if needed. busy moving from one thing to another. (Page 190) Poisoning: If a child swallows a poisonous or irritating substance, call the nearest poison-control center immediately. Report the name and quantity of the 20. When toddlers parents leave you may need to ______________________ substance and follow the center’s instructions. Take the container with you if you their attention to a favorite toy, puzzle, or game. (page 190) go to the doctor or hospital. Electric Shock: Don’t touch the child until his or her contact with electricity is 21. It is important to have a lot of _____________________ - _____________ broken, or you will get a shock, too. Turn off electricity if you can, or pull or push activities planned to keep them ________________________. (page 191) child away from source of shock with a stick, cloth, or rope, but never anything metal. If child is not breathing, apply mouth-to-mouth respiration if you know how. Call ambulance immediately. Sprains: Don’t allow child to walk. Elevate foot and apply a cold pack. Call doctor. Microwave Playdough Behavior/ Discipline/ Child Abuse 2 c. flour 4 tbsp. cream of tartar 4 tbsp. vegetable oil 1 c. salt 2 c. water 1/4 to 1/2 tsp. food coloring Mix all of the dry ingredients in an 8 cup measure or a 2 quart casserole. If using the food coloring, add it to the water. Stir the water and the oil into the dry ingredients stirring until smooth. Do Fruity Fun Jell-O Playdough – Recipe #10 •DO FOLLOW ALL THE PARENTS ̓ 1 (3-oz.) package sugar-free jello 2 cups flour 2 cups boiling wate RULES. Setting the discipline rules and 1 cup salt 4 TBS cream of tartar 2 TBS oil the limits in the house is the parents̓ Job. DONT ̓ Mix the dry ingredients in a saucepan then add the oil and the boiling water. Stir Your job is to make sure you follow those ̓ •DONT HIT. Ever. Spanking only teaches continuously over medium heat until dough forms into a ball. Remove from heat, knead. directions, even if you don’t always that violence is okay and that big people can Store in an airtight container. agree—or if you do things differently at beat up little people; it doesn’t teach right home. from wrong. Also, never ever shake a child. “Oobleck” •DO BE CONSISTENT. Make sure your ̓ •DONT LECTURE. Toddlers are too young five tablespoons five clear plastic cups water rules are the same as the parents’̓ rules— to listen to long lists of reasons why a corn starch (approximately three cups total) green food coloring and that you enforce them consistently so behavior is bad. Your lectures will sail right Mix four tablespoons of corn starch with two tablespoons of water. Add a drop of green the child doesn’t get confused. It’s very over that lit-tie head. For best results, keep it food coloring and mix. Feel it. Talk about it. Use senses to describe what it feels like unsettling when the rules are always short and sweet to get your point across (sticky, soft, gooey, warm, cool) and looks like (light green, dark green) Clean up but changing. effectively: “Please don’t bite. Biting hurts.” save the cup of Oobleck. •DO FOCUS ON THE BEHAVIOR, Or, “If you throw your truck, you might Making “Gak” NOT THE CHILD. There are no “bad” break it.” ̓ 1 cup Elmer's glue food coloring, (optional: coloring can stain!) toddlers—Just bad behavior. When a •DONT EXPECT RESULTS ALL THE 1 cup liquid starch child spills his juice on purpose, don’t call TIME. Toddlers have short memories and him a “bad boy”; instead, explain that limited control over their Impulses. Just Pour glue and coloring in plastic container. Stir until color is thoroughly mixed in. Add Juice is for drinking and that spilling on because you told the child twice not to touch starch a little at a time, stirring with a spoon or kneading with your fingers as mixture purpose is unacceptable, and then have the TV doesn’t mean she won’t touch it a thickens. Keep stirring until mixture holds together like putty. Test with your fingers: if him help clean up the mess. third time. Expect to teach the same lessons too sticky, add more starch in small amounts until mass is smooth and rubbery. •DO GIVE Attention. Sometimes a over and over again before they start to sink Making “Sidewalk Chalk” toddler misbehaves because she wants to in. 2 c water 2 c Plaster of Paris 2 tbsp Tempera Paint (Wet or Dry) get your attention, and even negative ̓ •DONT LOSE CONTROL. Knowing that the Toilet Paper Tubes with duct tape, taped tin foil, etc, or any other similarly sized attention (you end up yelling at her for adults around them are always in control container. Combine all ingredients and stir together, then let stand a few minutes. Line a tearing pages out of her book) is better makes toddlers feel more secure. Besides, cookie sheet with wax paper or tin foil, then place your tubed containers on it. Pour than being ignored. Give her what she’s you’re more likely to deliver effective craving before she uses bad behavior to discipline when you’re calm. sidewalk chalk mixture into holders, let stand until somewhat firm. Then remove the get it. ̓ •DONT EXPECT TOO MUCH. Keep your tubes and let dry completely (about 1-1/2 - 2 hours. Throw out any leftover chalk •DO BE POSITIVE. Always try to expectations about the toddler’s behavior mixture (WARNING: do not rinse down the sink). “catch” a toddler being good— there’s no age-appropriate. Don’t discipline a toddler Simple Soap Recipe for Kids better way to encourage more of the for a behavior he’s not developmentally 3 cups of soap flakes Liquid food coloring same. Praise good behavior—give a hug ready to control. (For Instance, a 14-month- Vegetable oil Water after he helps you clean up the toys, or old isn’t mature enough to know that pulling Take a large bowl and put soap flakes into it. Add 1½ cup water, and a few drops of the say, “I’m so proud that you shared at play candy off the shelf in a store is wrong; a 20- favorite food coloring liquid to the flakes. Completely mix the flakes, water and color group today.” month-old can’t be expected to remember to well, using your hand, until it gets somewhat like the play dough. Now, it is time to •DO TAILOR THE DISCIPLINE. What put her toys away.) works for one child may not work for ̓ •DONT WITHHOLD AFFECTION. Never shape the homemade soaps. You should rub a few drops of vegetable oil on your hands, another. It may not work for two children let a child think love comes with strings (and your child's), and shape the soap dough, in the desired shape and size. You should in the same family or even for the same attached (“You spilled all the milk on the let the soap stand overnight, and then use it! You can also make your own soap flakes. child on two different days. Each toddler floor, so I won’t give you a hug”). Rejection This is very easily done by taking a regular soap bar and grating it, to form soap powder. is an individual, and you’ll need to adapt will only make her sad—it won’t help her your methods of discipline to the child in learn from her mistake. your care. Play dough Recipes Giving children something to play with that expands the imagination as well as Behavior working on their fine motor skills is esential for their development. Playdough is an exceptional idea, because it works multiple skills. NO - COOK PLAYDOUGH 1 c. white flour 1/2 c. salt 2 tbsp. vegetable oil 1 tsp. alum Food coloring, be creative 1/2 c. water Mix first 4 ingredients well. Add food coloring to water. Gradually add small amounts of water until mixture is consistency of bread dough. Store in airtight container or plastic bag to last a long time. COOKED PLAYDOUGH 1 c. flour 1/2 c. salt 2 tsp. cream of tartar 1 c. water 2 tbsp. oil 1 tsp. food coloring Combine 1 cup flour, 1/2 cup salt and 2 teaspoons cream of tartar in a large saucepan. Gradually stir in 1 cup water mixed with 2 tablespoons oil and 1 teaspoon food coloring. Cook over medium to high heat, stirring constantly until a ball forms. Remove from heat, cool and knead until smooth on wax paper. Store in an airtight container. Children will enjoy playing with the playdough! PLAYDOUGH (COOKED) 1 c. white flour 1/4 c. salt 2 tbsp. cream of tartar 1 c. water 2 tsp. food coloring 1 tbsp. oil Mix flour, salt and cream of tartar in a medium-size saucepan. In a separate bowl mix the water, oil, and food coloring. Mix into dry ingredients and stir over medium heat for 3-5 minutes until it forms a ball in the center of the pan. Turn it out onto a lightly floured surface and knead until it no longer sticks to your fingers. Store in a Zip-Loc bag. Kool-Aid Playdough: 12 sm. pkg. unsweetened Kool-Aid 2 1/2 c. flour 1/2 c. salt 3 tbsp. oil 1 tbsp. alum Dissolve Kool-Aid in boiling water. Add other ingredients and mix together. Mixture should congeal but not be sticky. Store in airtight container. Cooked Playdough: 1 c. water 1 c. flour 1/2 c. salt 2 tbsp. cream of tartar 1 tbsp. oil food coloring, if desired Cook on high for 5 to 6 minutes, stirring well, (break up lumps), every 2 minutes, until the playdough clings to the spoon and is no longer sticky. When it is cooked enough, it will be pliable and soft, but not sticky. Turn out onto a plate and cool for a few minutes. Knead it for a minute or two until it is smooth. Store it in a tightly covered plastic container. Refrigeration is not necessary. Homemade Finger Paints Keeping Children Safe 1/4 c. warm water 3 T. Sugar 1 envelope gelatin 2 c. cold water Please Identify the 10 safety Hazards that have been Food coloring Dishwashing liquid corrected in this typical family home. Soak gelatin in 1/4 cup warm water and set aside. In a medium saucepan, combine cornstarch and sugar. Gradually add water and cook slowly over low heat, stirring until well blended. Remove from heat and add softened gelatin. Divide mixture into separate containers for each color. For each color, first add a drop or two of dishwashing detergent and then add food coloring a drop at a time until you have the shade you want. Store up to six weeks in the refrigerator. Fantastic Finger Paints 1 c. flour 2 T. of salt 1 1/2 c. cold water 1 1/4 c. hot water Food coloring Freezer paper (paint on shiny side ) Combine flour, salt, and cold water in a saucepan. beat with a wire whisk until smooth. Heat the mixture over medium heat. Slowly stir in hot water. Continue stirring until mixture boils and begins to thicken. Remove from heat. Beat with a whisk until smooth. Divide the mixture into several different containers. Add 4-5 drops of food coloring to each container and stir. Salt and Flour Finger Paints 2 c. flour 2 tsp. salt 3 c. cold water 2 c. hot water Food coloring Add the salt to the flour in a saucepan. Pour in cold water gradually and beat the mixture with an egg beater until smooth. Add the hot water and boil the mixture until it becomes glossy. Beat it until it is smooth. Mix in food coloring. Remove Fingerpaint from Carpet If you have a budding Leonardo da Vinci, but they’ve been budding where there is carpet, and some of their fingerpaint is now on the 1. floor, don’t panic. A piece of priceless artwork is well worth the little work it will take to clean up the mess. First, use white paper towels to blot up the excess. Do not rub. 2. Depending on whether you suspect a strong dye or not, you can add an extra ingredient to your removal tools. Remember that they are water-based paints, and if there was a 3. guarantee of staining, they’d never be made for children. If you wish, you can start out with dry cleaning fluid, available at your local hardware store. However, in most cases it 4. won’t be needed, and you’re just as well off to wait and see if there is any residual staining and treat it afterwards. So it’s either the fluid, or a mixture of 1/2 liquid dish 5. detergent (without lanolin or additives) and 1/2 water. Use a clean white cloth soaked in this solution, and blot it into the stain. Alternatively, you can put the solution in a spray 6. bottle, and apply generously. Blot with a white cloth, continuously folding the cloth over with each blot, to ensure you don’t deposit it back on the stain. Do not rub. If you choose 7. to use a toothbrush to loosen the pigment, brush in towards the center, and never outwards. Use a spray bottle of plain warm water and soak the spot, blotting as above. 8. Repeat the soap/blot and water/blot once more. Replace cloth with fresh one as needed. If there is still a bit of coloring left, but it is being removed, repeat the soap and water 9. blots a third time. If, at the end of this, you still have color, you can try a hand or regular carpet cleaner to deep clean the rest of the color out, or a formula such as Goo Gone or 10. Goof Off. Visit http://www.LearnHowToRemove.com for a growing library of tips to remove those annoying messes in your life. Making “Finger-paint” Water Colors 1 T. white vinegar 1 T. Cornstarch 2 T. Baking soda 1/4 tsp. glycerin The Stranger/Danger Myth Liquid food coloring Plastic bottle caps from 2-liter bottles Mix vinegar and baking soda in small bowl. When mixture stops bubbling, add cornstarch From “Child Lure Prevention” and glycerin. Mix well. Pour mixture into bottle caps. Add several drops of food coloring to the mixture in the bottle caps. Let dry overnight. www.childlures.org Scratch and Sniff Painting Watercolor paints Craft glue Child abduction always seems to be in the news, Fruit flavor gelatin Paper Paintbrush sad to say. Ask your child to draw the face of a “stranger.” Draw a picture. (You can trace a picture from a coloring book.) Paint the picture with Chances are it will reveal a scary and menacing person. The watercolors. After the picture is dry, spread craft glue a little at a time over the colored parts truth is the most people who prey on children behave quite the of the picture. Sprinkle fruit flavored gelatin over the wet glue. Let your picture dry. The opposite, so kids do not see them as a threat. In the eyes of a craft glue dries clear and you have a sweet smelling picture. child, a complete stranger who strikes up a friendly conversation Puff Paint quickly becomes someone that child “knows.” One part shaving cream Equal parts of white school glue Keep in mind also that most children are abused by someone Food coloring they really do know – a family friend, neighbor, relative, coach, or Mix shaving cream and glue. Divide mixture into separate small bowls. Add food coloring babysitter, for example. Telling children, “Don’t talk to to make different colors. strangers” is not only ineffective, it actually puts them at greater Instant Finger Paint risk. Instead, youngsters should know how to recognize the Shaving cream Tempera paint specific Lures used by predators, as well as how to follow their Paper or table top instincts about people and situations. Armed with these tools, Spray shaving cream on your tabletop or on each child's paper. Add a couple of drops of children are better able to protect themselves from violent tempera paint of your choice. crimes. Jello Finger Paint 1 c. cornstarch 3/4 c. and another 1/4 c. cold water The Lures While numerically and creatively infinite, the lures 2 c. hot water 1 envelope gelatin used on children and even adults generally fall into the following 1/2 c. liquid soap or dishwashing liquid (Use clear soap for purest color.) 1. Affection 7. Emergency seventeen categories: 13. Threats & Weapons 2 packets (same flavor) unsweetened Kool-Aid mix In a saucepan, blend 3/4 cup of cold water and cornstarch. Add hot water and heat until 2. Pet 8. Fun & Games 14. Pornography boiling stirring constantly. Remove from heat. Mix gelatin into remaining 1/4 cup of water and blend with liquid soap and cornstarch mixture. Add Kool-Aid for color and aroma. (You 3. Assistance 9. Hero 15. Computer/Online can divide the uncolored mix in half and color both sections separate colors.) Store in a 4. Authority 10. Job 16. Drugs covered jar in the refrigerator for 12 hours before using. 5. Bribery 11. Name Recognition 17. Hate & Violence Finger Paint 1 c. cornstarch 3/4 c. and another 1/4 c. of cold water 6. Ego/Fame 12. Playmate/Companion 2 c. hot water 1 envelope gelatin 1/2 c. Ivory Flakes Food coloring or dry tempera These lures are used both individually and in various Mix together cornstarch and 3/4 cups cold water. Soak one envelope unflavored gelatin in combinations. For example, a predator might approach a child, 1/4 cup of cold water. Stir 2 cups hot water into the cornstarch. Cook and stir until mixture is clear and boiling. Remove from heat and blend in gelatin. Then add Ivory Flakes, stirring pretend to be with the fire department (AUTHORITY LURE), until the flakes are dissolved. Cool. Divide into small covered containers. Add food coloring claim that the child’s house is on fire (EMERGENCY LURE), and or dry tempera. tell the child to come quickly. We are going to practice recognizing the lures, read the following Broccoli With Cheese Sauce scenarios. Identify the lure and then explain what the response For ½ Bunch Broccoli: Wash and Remove Heavy Ends of Stock. Split the Stalks and Place Tender Florets should be. Toward Center of a 1½-quart (10 X 6 X 1~ 3/4 Inch) Baking Dish. Add about a 1. Valerie has met a boy on-line who wants to meet her in person. What Tablespoon of Water or Margarine. Cover Dish with Plastic Wrap but Turn Back One Corner of the Wrap to Allow Steam to Escape. Cook 4 to 5 Minutes at High. Allow to should Valerie do? Stand Covered about 2 to 3 Minutes. Cheese Sauce: 1 Tablespoon Margarine 1 Tablespoon Flour 1/8 Teaspoon Salt½ Cup Milk 2 Tablespoons Grated Cheese Melt Margarine in a One—quart Glass Casserole or a One—quart Glass Measurer. Add 2. Maria is sleeping over at her best friend’s house. During the night, the Flour And salt. Stir and Cook with Microwave on High about 10 to 20 Seconds, or she awakens to find her friend’s father kissing her. until Mixture Is Bubbly. Stir in Milk. (You Can Leave a Wooden Spoon in the Dish.) Cook on High for about 1½ to 2 Minutes. Stir Every 30 Seconds. Add the Cheese and Cook about 30 Seconds Longer. If the Sauce Gets Lumpy, You Can Use a Wire Whisk to Whip it Smooth. Cover loosely with Waxed Paper. Cook on High 10 Minutes or till Chicken Is Tender, Giving The Dish a Half-turn. Trail Mix 3. Jason is at the playground with some friends. A woman runs up to him, 8 oz. (224 g) nuts such as peanuts, walnuts, cashews, pecans, or others says that his grandmother was just taken to the hospital, and tells him 8 oz. (224 g) dried fruits such as raisins, cranberries, apples, apricots, dates, figs, or to come quickly. others Trail mix can consist of almost anything. Mix equal parts of your favorite nuts and dried fruits in a large bowl. Add coconut and dried pineapple for a tropical blend. Store in a zip bag or a container with a tight-fitting cover. Cereal Mix 4. Shawna overhears a classmate bragging that he’s got a gun in his locker. 8 oz. (224 g) dry cereal such as Cheerios~ or Chex®8 oz. (224 g) peanuts, cashews, almonds, walnuts, or pecans What should Shawna do? Mix the dried cereal and nuts together. Store in a zip bag or a container with a tight- fitting cover. Energy Mix 1/4 c. (50 ml) peanuts 1/4 c. (50 ml) raisins 1/4 c. (50 ml) sunflower seeds 1/4 c. (50 ml) dried fruit 5. Carlos is invited over to his football coach’s house to watch a video of Mix equal parts of peanuts, raisins, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, and dried fruit. Put football plays. While Carlos is there, the coach encourages him to energy mix in a serving bowl. drink beer and smoke pot. What should Carlos do? Everyday Coffee Cake 1 1/2 cups of buttermilk biscuit mix 1 cups sugar ½ cup milk 1 egg 2 tablespoons cooking oil 1/3 cup buttermilk biscuit mix 6. Invent a scenario using at least 2 of the lures. 1/3 cup brown sugar (packed) 2 table spoon butter 1 teaspoon cinnamon In mixing bowl stir together biscuit mix and sugar. Add milk, egg, and oil. Beat by hand, mixing well. Pour into greased 8 inch round glass dish. Blend biscuit mix, brown sugar, butter, and cinnamon until crumbly. Sprinkle over batter and sprinkle with or without Information from Child Lures. To learn more go to www.childlures.org. nuts. Microwave on High 5 to 7 minutes, rotating dish., turn after 3 minutes. Cool fifteen minutes. Office on Youth & Human Services 520-9286 1 ½ tbsp Butter Rice Krispies Treats ½ package Marshmallows (5 oz.) Characteristics of Children’s Literature 3 cups Rice Krispies Spray rubber scrapper with PAM. Melt butter and marshmallow in large glass mixing Identify the qualities of children’s books that separate it from other bowl in microwave: 1 ½ to 2 minutes or until soft enough to stir into a melted form types of writing. Be sure to identify at least 5 of qualities and try to with rubber scrapper. Spray bottom of glass pan with PAM Add in Rice Krispies to identify at least one example for each quality. You will be writing for bowl gradually. Spread Rice Krispies and marshmallows into glass pan. Firmly press the next 2 minutes. down, let stand 5 minutes. You can substitute any cereal or grain for the rice krispies. Easy Microwave Popcorn 1/4 c. popping corn 1 paper bag stapler Place popcorn in paper bag, fold over and staple closed, Microwave for l minute thirty seconds. Crispy Microwave Chicken 2 Tablespoons Butter or Margarine 3/4 Cup bread Crumbs 2 Tablespoons Grated Parmesan Cheese 1/4 Teaspoon Garlic Powder 1/8 Teaspoon Paprika 2 Whole Medium Chicken Breasts (About 1 1/2 Pounds Total), Skinned, Honed, and Halved Lengthwise In a 1 -Cup Glass Measuring cup Butter, Uncovered. On High For 45 Seconds or till Melted. In a Shallow Dish Combine Bread Crumbs, Cheese, Garlic Powder. And Paprika. Brush the Meaty Side of Each Chicken Piece with Sonic of the Melted Butter or Margarine: Coat the Same Side with Some of the Crumb Mixture. Place Chicken, Crumb Side Up, on a Microwave able Microwave-safe Dish. Sprinkle with the Remaining Crumbs and Drizzle with Remaining Butter or margarine. Microwave on high for 3 to 4 minutes. Microwave Mac & Cheese 8 oz. (224 g) macaroni 2 T. (30 ml) butter or margarine 8 oz. (224 g) Cheddar cheese, shredded 8 oz. (224 g) processed cheese, cubed 1 c. (250 ml) sour cream Salt and pepper, if desired Cook the macaroni in a large pot on the range top until soft. Drain and set aside. RAFT Activity You will be taking on the role of a children’s book Choose a microwave-safe dish. Place the butter in the dish and microwave until author and the writing a children’s story for a preschool age child. melted. Add the macaroni, cheeses, and sour cream, stirring until well mixed. The final format will be as a children’s book. The topic is yours to Microwave for 10 to 12 minutes, stirring the mixture occasionally. Season with salt and pepper, if desired. Serve immediately. decide, but use the research that we performed to guide your Quick Mix-Ins Add some extra vitamins and minerals to your macaroni and cheese decision. by adding broccoli, cauliflower, or peas. Apple Crisp 6 Cups Peeled, Cored and Sliced Cooking Apples 1 Tablespoon Lemon Juice 6 Tablespoons Butter or Margarine 3/4 Cup Packed Brown Sugar 3/4 Cup Quick-cooking Oats ½ Cup Flour 1 Teaspoon Cinnamon Place Apples in 8-inch Baking Dish. Sprinkle with Lemon Juice. Melt Butter in Small Mixing Bowl at High Power 1 to 1½ Minutes. Stir in Remaining Ingredients until Crumbly. Sprinkle over Apples Evenly; Press down 1ightly. Microwave at High 8 Minutes. Rotate Dish ½ Turn. Microwave 6 to 8 Minutes until Apples Are Tender. Serve Warm, Cold, Plain, or Topped with Whipped Cream. Variation: For Cherry Crisp, Substitute 1 Can Cherry Pie Filling for Apples. Microwave at High 8 to 11 Minutes or until Hot and Bubbly. World of Children’s Literature You will be writing a children’s book for a specific audience, preschoolers. Your book will need to be appropriate to a preschoolers learning level. Answer these questions before you start writing: Is my book creative? Will children find this Microwave Safety book interesting? Will parents want to read this book to their children? Book: Author and Illustrator According to the U.S. Census, one-third of all school age Summarize the book; at least one paragraph, at least 5 children are “latch-key kids,” meaning they get home before a sentences and use the back or another piece of paper if parent does at least once a week. needed. Many of these kids make their own after-school snack or even start dinner using a microwave. Since burns and spills are a common hazard associated with microwave use, parents need to make sure their child knows how to use the microwave safely. What are two things a child would learn from ���� Put the microwave on a sturdy stand…one that’s low this book? enough and within your child’s reach. If a child reaches too high, they may pull a hot dish down on themselves. ���� Teach your child how to read the controls on the microwave, such as the time, power level, start, and stop. If they can’t read them, they’re too young to operate a microwave Book: Author and Illustrator by themselves. ���� Keep microwave-safe containers within your child’s reach. Summarize the book; at least one paragraph, at least 5 sentences and use the back or another piece of paper if ���� Always have your child use a potholder to remove food needed. from the microwave. Keep potholders handy. ���� Teach your child to stir heated food before tasting. This distributes the heat and avoids hot spots that can cause burns. ���� Show your child how to open containers. For example, open What are two things a child would learn from popcorn so the steam escapes away from the face. this book? ���� Until you’re positive your child has mastered the art of microwaving, provide supervision. Name of Toy: Children’s Literature Planning Sheet What can a Child learn from this What are the potential hazards of toy? this toy? Does this toy encourage – For what age is this toy oIndependent Play? appropriate? Why? oCooperative Play? oLonger attention span? oHand-eye coordination? Page 1 Page 2 oProblem solving? Name of Toy: What can a Child learn from this What are the potential hazards of toy? this toy? Does this toy encourage – oIndependent Play? For what age is this toy appropriate? Why? Page 3 Page 4 oCooperative Play? oLonger attention span? oHand-eye coordination? oProblem solving? Name of Toy: What can a Child learn from this What are the potential hazards of Page 5 Page 6 toy? this toy? Does this toy encourage – For what age is this toy oIndependent Play? appropriate? Why? oCooperative Play? oLonger attention span? oHand-eye coordination? oProblem solving? Page 7 Page 8 Example Example World of Children’s Play You are going to be supplied with a Example Quality Example variety of children’s toys. Please evaluate at least 5 using the chart on this and then next page. You will be Quality Quality given 5 minutes with each toy. Name of Toy: Character’s Name What can a Child learn from this What are the potential hazards of toy? this toy? Does this toy encourage – For what age is this toy Example Example oIndependent Play? appropriate? Why? oCooperative Play? oLonger attention span? Example Example oHand-eye coordination? oProblem solving? Quality Example Example Name of Toy: What can a Child learn from this What are the potential hazards of toy? this toy? Quality Quality Does this toy encourage – For what age is this toy oIndependent Play? appropriate? Why? oCooperative Play? oLonger attention span? Character’s Name oHand-eye coordination? oProblem solving? Example Example World of Children’s Play Preschool Literature Project You will be writing a children’s book for a specific Play is often talked about as if it were a relief from serious audience, preschoolers. Your book will need to be appropriate to a learning. But for children play is serious learning. Play is really preschoolers learning level. Answer these questions before you the work of childhood.” - Mr. (Fred) Rogers start writing: Is my book creative? Will children find this book Use Chapter 9 in the Discovering Life Skills Book to complete interesting? Will parents want to read this book to their children? this chart. Worth Student Teacher Infant Age Range: Grading Rubric Categories Characteristics: Neatness/ Presentation 10 Milestones: Level Of Play: Other Needs: Age Appropriate Toys: Creativity/Imagination 15 Title 5 Cover page, by line and illustrated by 10 Content 15 Characters 10 Happy ending 5 Toodlers Age Range: Characteristics: Age Appropriate 10 Level Of Play: Other Needs: Illustrations 10 Age Appropriate Toys: Quick Write 1. Reading children’s books has many benefits. 2. Writing children’s books is a learning experience for the author. Preschoolers Age Range: Characteristics: 3. Difficulties that I encountered while I was writing my children’s Level Of Play: Other Needs: book were. . . Age Appropriate Toys: 4. Narrowing down a topic to write about was the easy part of writing a children’s book. Homemade Bubbles 1 c. water 1/3 c liquid dish soap Babysitting Bag 2 tbsp. light corn syrup dfkadfk Combine ingredients in a resealable container. Glorax (Flubber) 3 T. water 1T. white glue 2 heaping T. of Borax Put ingredients into a ziplock bag and mix well. Add food coloring if you like. Shape into a ball. If the mixture is too sticky, roll the ball in a little bit of Borax. Silly Putty Recipie ½ c water ½ c. Elmer’s glue 3 drops of food coloring ½ c. borax solution Mix the ingredients well in a plastic bag. Add food coloring if you wish. Let it dry about an hour. When it is a ready it will be smooth and rubber-like. Borax solution: 2 tbsp. borax and add a cup of water and stir. Reading Books to Children BABY-CARE. BASICS Directions: Caring for babies involves understanding how to keep them Reading to children should be an active experience. Children need to sit safe and happy. Read each situation below, and describe how you would as close as possible to the reader in order to see the pictures, to become involved respond. in the story, and just because it feels good to sit close to someone who likes you. 1. You are babysitting a six-month-old infant You have just finished They should participate by saying words, finding pictures, and turning pages. Follow the guidelines below to make reading to children and enjoyable and feeding her a bottle, and she is playing quietly on the floor with blocks. meaningful experience. Suddenly she begins to cry. What should you do? To be a successful story read, you will want to keep these hints in mind: •Know your book well. Become well acquainted with a book and bring it to your babysitting job. If the child wants you to read one of their books quickly skim through it to get an idea of what it is about. Use sound words for which you can make the sound rather than reading words. Another way that incorporates the child into the book is to substitute the child’s name for the name used in the book. Where there are repetitious phrases have the children join in. 2. You are changing a baby on the changing table. You realize that the •Start with an attention-getting device. Your story reading will not be successful unless you have your listener’s attention. clean diapers and baby wipes are on the chair across the room. What If will be a poor experience for both you and the child if you have to stop to should you do? reprimand a disruptive child. One of the simplest and most effective devices is to use the cover of the book in some way. You might, for instance ask the children something about the cover illustration. Here are some examples: 1.The Snowy Day. Do you see the little boy in the snow? What do you suppose he is looking at? 2.Swimmy. Do you see the little fish on the cover? What different colors are they? Which one do you think is Swimmy? Or you may want to ask the child questions about the books title. Here are some examples: •Nobody Listens to Andrew. Andrew is trying to tell people something and all the 3. You have agreed to babysit your neighbor’s four-month-old infant You people are walking away. What do you suppose Andrew is trying to tell them? will care for the baby during feeding time. What are three important Could you guess? guidelines to follow when feeding the baby a bottle? •Make your voice as interesting as possible. Your voice often reflects your feelings. If you are enthusiastic about story reading, the children will know if by the tone of your voice. Children love it when you dramatize the story by making your voice scary or whispery or way down deep! Can you do it? Most of us don’t know until we try. Even then we’re not sure how we come across. Turn to the tape recorder when you are practicing reading a story to hear how you sound. Do you like the way you read a story? Practice alone with the tape recorder until you have improved as much as you want. •Help children get involved through participation. 4. Youare about to place a baby in the crib for naptime. What are three Children like to be the center of attention and are independent. This means they important guidelines to follow when putting babies to sleep? will enjoy stories better if they are somehow a part of them. You, the story reader, can get the child directly involved is a number of ways. You might, for instance, ask the child to find a certain item in the illustrations. In The Very Hungry Caterpillar, a child can identify each of the food items the caterpillar eats a hole through. BABYSITTING BLUES Brenda’s Babysitting Quiz List at least 15 mistakes that Brenda made before accepting the babysitting job, when she arrived and during her job. The mistakes do not have to be listed in order nor in sentences. Directions: Babysitting is a big responsibility because you are taking Do not repeat any of your answers. You may use any of the information you have learned the place of the children’s parents. Read the story below, and list the errors about babysitting. Print or write neatly. you find in Brenda’s behavior. There are at least 15 errors for you to find. 1. Write the errors on the next page. 2. “Of course I will babysit on Friday night, Mrs. Jones," Brenda said into the telephone. ‘Please be here promptly at 7:00 so I can give you all the necessary information. I must leave for the meeting by 730," Mrs. Jones 3. replied. Brenda hung up the phone, turned to her friend Sally, and said, “Call me tomorrow night at Mrs. Jones’s house. Mother won’t be there to tell 4. me when to get off the phone. We can talk as long as we want!" Friday afternoon Brenda forgot the exact time but thought Mrs. Jones said 7:30. “How many kids does Mrs. Jones have? Oh well, they can just 5. entertain themselves," Brenda mumbled to herself as she left her house. Brenda arrived and a frantic Mrs. Jones answered the door. “I thought 6. you were coming at 7:00. We don’t have time to talk, so I left all the information you will need written down on a list by the phone. My children are hungry, so please prepare their dinner. I don’t give them snacks before 7. meals or bedtime. I left a casserole out for you to put into the oven. Remember that Tony is allergic to strawberries, so please don’t give him 8. any. They both need baths before bedtime," said Mrs. Jones as she hurriedly left. Brenda walked into the kitchen to begin dinner. Mrs. Jones drove her 9. crazy with all that information she was giving! Brenda did not like the casserole Mrs. Jones left, so she decided they could all have dip and chips 10. with a candy bar for dessert. Tony wandered into the kitchen and asked for some strawberries he saw in the refrigerator. “Anything to keep this kid happy," Brenda mumbled as she gave him a large bowl of strawberries. 11. The phone rang, and it was Brenda’s friend Sally. Brenda yelled at the children to turn off the television so she could talk on the phone. I have a 12. great idea," Brenda said to Sally on the phone. “Why don’t you come over here tonight! I’ll put the kids to bed early and not bother to give them a bath. We can watch the movie and finish up these snacks I found in Mrs. Jones’s 13. kitchen. Hurry and come over!" 14. 15.
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