Adventures_in_babysitting2011 by tangshuming


									Babysitting Contract
• Leave child(ren) in babysitting upon own discretion and satisfaction
with the babysitter and provided babysitting services. Pending due and
reasonable care by the babysitter, nor the host venue are
responsible for any injury to the child(ren) or any damage to
child(ren)’s or parent’s personal property.
• Notify babysitter of child(ren)’s allergies or any other medical
conditions or concerns.

• Provide babysitter with food for child(ren).
• Timely payment of babysitting charges by the end of the assignment.
Contact Numbers

Charges per Family:
• $ _________ per child per hour ( $ _.__ x __= $ _.__)
• 1 child = $40.00 per child for the entire weekend.
• Every additional child after the first = $15.00 for full weekend.
• Charges are non-negotiable.
• Payment must be made to the _____________________ by the end of
the assignment.

• The babysitter will provide some safe games, arts & crafts, books, and
toys which are t o remain the babysitter’s property but can be utilized by
the babysitter to entertain the child(ren).

I ______________________________ agree to the above terms and
conditions regarding my responsibilities and the charges for utilizing
______________________’s babysitting services.

______________________________            _____________________
     (signature)                               (date)
Babysitters preparation for a job                                                 This information sheet must be filled out and left with the sitter.
Take the babysitting responsibility seriously. Responsible
babysitters prepare for all babysitting jobs. Get directions to the                        Family Profile and Care information
job location and make arrangements to get to the location and
return home from the babysitting job. Don't assume your                            Family name and Home Number        Mother work number
employer will take you home. Be sure to ask them before they                       Address                            Mother cell number
leave the house. If you are walking home, especially after dark,                                                      Father work number
ask an adult or parent to walk you home.                                                                              Father cell number
What to do after the parents leave:                                                Incase of Emergencies Call
•Arrive at the home early, this time may be used to meet the children, tour the    Closest neighbor/ relative
house, receive instructions and house safety rules.                                Name
•Having visitors while babysitting is a bad policy. Babysitters should always
get approval if they would like to have a visitor of the same gender.
Babysitters should never have visitors of the opposite gender.                     Address
•Lock the front door after the parents leave.                                      Parents can be reached at:         Name of Location
•If it is evening, turn on the porch/outside light.                                Name of Location                   Number
•Do another walk through to make sure all the doors and windows are locked
from the inside.                                                                   What the babysitter needs to know:
•Be prepared for an emergency. Leave the information you received from their
                                                                                   Child Profile                      Child Profile
parents near the phone or in your pocket if you have a cell phone.
•Make a schedule for the time you will be with them based upon the answers         Name                               Name
the parents gave you. Example: 5:00 dinner 5:45 bath time 6:15 bedtime
                                                                                   Allergies                          Allergies
•Never give the children any medicine or food unless instructed to do so by the
                                                                                   Bedtime                            Bedtime
•Remember that your job is to care for the children. Tender, loving care
usually quiets an unhappy child.                                                   Snacks                             Snacks
•If the children are asleep, check on them about every 15 minutes.
•If the children are up, know their location at all times and never leave them
                                                                                   Medications                        Medications
alone too long.
                                                                                   Medical conditions                 Medical conditions
•If for any reason, you must leave the house, TAKE THE CHILDREN WITH
                                                                                   Friends                            Friends
•DO NOT open the door for anyone unless you personally know the person.
•Always call your parents or the kid's parents if there are any problems or        Phone/ Computer                    Phone/ Computer
•If someone insists on coming in, and you do not recognize them through the        Rules                              Rules
peephole, or if you suspect a prowler, CALL THE POLICE AT 911.

                                                                                   Phone Messages                     Phone Messages
                        Caregiver Skills Checkup                                                      Caring for children means fulfilling the
Directions: Listed below are situations related to young children and their behavior. If you were
caring for the young children described in the situations, how would you solve each of these
                                                                                                      needs that children have.
problems? Circle the letter of the best solution.
1. Four-year-old Dana has just painted the kitchen floor with her watercolors. You should:
          1. Tell Dana angrily that she may not use her paints ever again.
          2.Have Dana help you clean the floor.
          3.Send Dana to her room.
2. You are taking six-year-old Andy to the park. It is cold, and you tell him he needs to wear his
     hat. He doesn’t want to wear it. You should:
          1. Let him go to the park without his hat.
          2.Tell Andy he can’t go to the park.
          3.Explain to him that he needs his hat to keep him warm outdoors.
3. Yvonne’s parents are leaving for the evening, and Yvonne, who is three, begins to cry as she
     watches them go. You should:
          1. Tell Yvonne to stop crying or you will not read her a story.
          2.Tell Yvonne that her parents will come home after she is asleep.                                                        Social
          3.Sit down with Yvonne and read her a story or play her favorite game.                           Intellectual
4. Four-year-old Terrence wants the toy his two-year-old sister, Kendra, is playing with. He                                        Needs
     grabs the toy and hits her when she tries to take it back. You should:
          1. Let the children come to an agreement themselves.
          2.Ask Kendra to share the toy.
          3.Tell Terrence firmly that hitting is not allowed and remove him from the situation.
5. It is time for Mike and George, who are both four years old, to come inside for lunch. They
     do not want to stop playing in the sandbox. You should tell the children:
          1. I will be very upset with you if you don’t come inside right now.                                            Child
          2.I know you are having fun. It’s time for lunch. We’ll come back outside later.
          3.Come inside now or you won’t get any lunch.                                                                   Care
6. Three-year-old Luis has fallen and skinned his knee. He is crying, but is not seriously injured.
     You should:
          1. Say to Luis, “Be a big boy and forget about it.”
          2.Comfort Luis by hugging him; then clean and bandage the cut.
          3.Tell Luis, “You should have been more careful.”
7. Two-year-old Mary and four-year-old Katie are throwing the cushions off the sofa. This is
     against their parents’ rules. You should tell the girls:
                                                                                                           Physical                 Moral
          1. Stay off the sofa.
          2.You might get hurt if you play on the sofa.                                                     Needs                   Needs
          3.Let’s play outside for a while.
8. Without being reminded, four-year-old Chris helped you pick up the toys before naptime.
     You should:
          1. Praise Chris by saying, “Thank you for helping put away the toys.”
          2.Respond by saying, “Why don’t you help more often?”
          3.Reward Chris by letting him skip his nap.
9. You and three-year-old Amy are sitting in the living room. While Amy plays with her blocks,
     you are watching a movie on television. Suddenly Amy becomes tired of the blocks and
     wants to play outside. You should:
          1. Take Amy outside to play, but sit by the window so that you can watch her and the
                movie at the same time.
          2.Tell Amy that the movie will be over in 30 minutes, and then she can go outside to
          3.Turn off the movie, go outside, and play with Amy.
Babysitting and Safety Guided
                                                                                        First Aid
1. Families can make their homes ________________________, whick                   Be sure to tell Parents of all of the
   means the home is a safe environment for children to play and explore.
   (page 180)
                                                                                   treatment that their child received
                                                                                    while they were gone.
2. List four ways in which families can make their homes safe and childproof
   (page 180)
        a.                                                                         In an emergency call 911.
                                                                                   Learn CPR. Knowledge of CPR
        c.                                                                         during an emergency could be needed.
                                                                                   In case of accident or illness, don't try to be a
                                                                                   doctor or nurse except for minor cuts and
3. A ___________________ is someone who uses force to get into a home.             bruises. If a minor problem arises call the
   (page 180)
                                                                                   parents for instructions. If they cannot be
4. Caregivers need to take the following three precautions to prevent              reached, call any alternate persons or your own
   intruders. (page 180)                                                           parents. If unable to contact an adult go to a
                                                                                   neighbor for help.

                                                                                   For minor cuts, stop bleeding by applying gentle
                                                                                   pressure with a clean cloth. Wash the wound
5. ______________________ are the leading causes of accidental death in            and apply a bandage. Notify the parents about
   homes in the United States. (page 181)
                                                                                   all injuries unless they instructed otherwise.
6. List four guidelines to follow as the caregiver in order to prevent falls and
   other common injuries. (page 181)
                                                                                   If the child swallows something poisonous, call
                                                                                   911. Have the container ready so you can read
        b.                                                                         it to the operator on the phone.
        c.                                                                         Put cool water on a burn, this slows skin
                                                                                   damage. Do not use ointments, lotions or butter.
7. _________________ are the second leading cause of accidental deaths in
                                                                                   If the skin is already blistered, dead white,
   the United States. (page 184)                                                   brown, or charred, you need emergency help.
                                                                                   Call 911
                              First Aid                                                  8.    _____________________________ should be located on every floor of
                                                                                              the home. (page 184)
Always contact the parents if there is a serious injury or illness
Scrapes and bruises: Clean scrapes with soap and water; apply antiseptic and             9. Try not to ____________________ if you become trapped by smoke or
bandage. For bruises, apply a clean washcloth wrung out in cold water.                      fire. (page 184)
Nosebleed: Keep child seated and leaning forward. If head is tilted back, child
may choke. Apply direct pressure by pressing on bleeding nostril. Apply a cold           10. If you smell smoke or see a fire while you are caring for children, get thee
towel to nose and face.                                                                      children ______________________________ first. (page 184)
Choking: First, look into the throat to see if injury or illness, something is caught
there. Next, try to get the child to cough up the object. If these methods don’t         11. All poisonous items should be kept in a ______________ cabinet. If you
work, you can use the                                                                        suspect a child has been poisoned, the first step is to call the
Earache: Pain can be relieved by covering the ear with a warm towel or heating               _________________________________________________. (page 184)
pad set on low. Call doctor.
Cuts: Apply direct pressure to stop bleeding. Wash and apply antiseptic and a            12. Babies _________________________ to communicate their need for
bandage. If cut is deep, call doctor.                                                        sleep, food, comfortable clothing, and attention.
Bites (insect): For minor bites, wash the area and apply antiseptic or calamine
lotion. For bee, hornet, or wasp stings, scrape against the stinger with a flat          13. When an infant cries, first check to see if he or she needs a clean diaper
object, like a piece of cardboard until you pull out the venom sac. Wash area                or is ___________________.
thoroughly with soap and water. Caution: Some people are highly allergic to
stings. If child is short of breath or faint or has stomach pain, call doctor            14. Three ways to calm a crying baby who just seems to need attention are
immediately.                                                                                 ________________, _______________, or _________________ him or
Bites (animal or human): Wash the wound with water; clean with soap and                      her.
water, and cover with gauze. Call doctor.
Burns: For minor burns, immediately run cold water on the burn for about five            15. Never leave an infant ______________________, because infants can roll
minutes and apply a clean, dry dressing. For major burns, rush to hospital                   off _________________ and ____________________.
immediately. Do not try to remove burned clothing.
Heimlich maneuver: This procedure works by using pressure to force the object            16. Holding a baby over your baby over your shoulder and patting his or her
that is interfering with breathing from the throat.                                          back lightly you can five the baby a chance to _____________________.
    For older children and adults, stand behind victim and place your fists just
below her rib cage. Have her lean forward while you give one quick, upward push          17. Get the baby’s parents to show you where to put dirty diapers.
against her abdomen. This forces the air in her lungs to expel the object. Repeat
if necessary. If the object doesn’t come out, seek help immediately.                     18. Lay a baby down on his or her ________________ or ________________
    For infants and toddlers, turn child face down over your arm. Using the heel of          to sleep, but never on his or her ________________________.
your other hand, give four quick blows between the child’s shoulder blades. Turn
child over, supporting his head, neck, and back. Position your two fingers below         19. Toddlers require a lot of _______________________ because they are
the rib cage and above the navel, and give four quick thrusts. Repeat if needed.             busy moving from one thing to another. (Page 190)
Poisoning: If a child swallows a poisonous or irritating substance, call the
nearest poison-control center immediately. Report the name and quantity of the           20. When toddlers parents leave you may need to ______________________
substance and follow the center’s instructions. Take the container with you if you           their attention to a favorite toy, puzzle, or game. (page 190)
go to the doctor or hospital.
Electric Shock: Don’t touch the child until his or her contact with electricity is       21. It is important to have a lot of _____________________ - _____________
broken, or you will get a shock, too. Turn off electricity if you can, or pull or push       activities planned to keep them ________________________. (page 191)
child away from source of shock with a stick, cloth, or rope, but never anything
metal. If child is not breathing, apply mouth-to-mouth respiration if you know how.
Call ambulance immediately.
 Sprains: Don’t allow child to walk. Elevate foot and apply a cold pack. Call
                                                                                                                                            Microwave Playdough
Behavior/ Discipline/ Child Abuse                                                                     2 c. flour              4 tbsp. cream of tartar                  4 tbsp. vegetable oil
                                                                                                      1 c. salt               2 c. water                               1/4 to 1/2 tsp. food coloring
                                                                                                      Mix all of the dry ingredients in an 8 cup measure or a 2 quart casserole. If using the
                                                                                                      food coloring, add it to the water. Stir the water and the oil into the dry ingredients
                                                                                                      stirring until smooth.
  Do                                                                                                                             Fruity Fun Jell-O Playdough – Recipe #10
  •DO FOLLOW ALL THE PARENTS               ̓                                                          1 (3-oz.) package sugar-free jello            2 cups flour       2 cups boiling wate
  RULES. Setting the discipline rules and                                                             1 cup salt                                    4 TBS cream of tartar 2 TBS oil
  the limits in the house is the parents̓ Job.    DONT ̓                                              Mix the dry ingredients in a saucepan then add the oil and the boiling water. Stir
  Your job is to make sure you follow those                        ̓
                                                  •DONT HIT. Ever. Spanking only teaches              continuously over medium heat until dough forms into a ball. Remove from heat, knead.
  directions, even if you don’t always            that violence is okay and that big people can       Store in an airtight container.
  agree—or if you do things differently at        beat up little people; it doesn’t teach right
  home.                                           from wrong. Also, never ever shake a child.
  •DO BE CONSISTENT. Make sure your                      ̓
                                                  •DONT LECTURE. Toddlers are too young               five tablespoons        five clear plastic cups                  water
  rules are the same as the parents’̓ rules—      to listen to long lists of reasons why a            corn starch (approximately three cups total)                     green food coloring
  and that you enforce them consistently so       behavior is bad. Your lectures will sail right      Mix four tablespoons of corn starch with two tablespoons of water. Add a drop of green
  the child doesn’t get confused. It’s very       over that lit-tie head. For best results, keep it   food coloring and mix. Feel it. Talk about it. Use senses to describe what it feels like
  unsettling when the rules are always            short and sweet to get your point across            (sticky, soft, gooey, warm, cool) and looks like (light green, dark green) Clean up but
  changing.                                       effectively: “Please don’t bite. Biting hurts.”     save the cup of Oobleck.
  •DO FOCUS ON THE BEHAVIOR,                      Or, “If you throw your truck, you might                                                       Making “Gak”
  NOT THE CHILD. There are no “bad”               break it.”
                                                           ̓                                          1 cup Elmer's glue food coloring, (optional: coloring can stain!)
  toddlers—Just bad behavior. When a              •DONT EXPECT RESULTS ALL THE
                                                                                                      1 cup liquid starch
  child spills his juice on purpose, don’t call   TIME. Toddlers have short memories and
  him a “bad boy”; instead, explain that          limited control over their Impulses. Just           Pour glue and coloring in plastic container. Stir until color is thoroughly mixed in. Add
  Juice is for drinking and that spilling on      because you told the child twice not to touch       starch a little at a time, stirring with a spoon or kneading with your fingers as mixture
  purpose is unacceptable, and then have          the TV doesn’t mean she won’t touch it a            thickens. Keep stirring until mixture holds together like putty. Test with your fingers: if
  him help clean up the mess.                     third time. Expect to teach the same lessons        too sticky, add more starch in small amounts until mass is smooth and rubbery.
  •DO GIVE Attention. Sometimes a                 over and over again before they start to sink                                          Making “Sidewalk Chalk”
  toddler misbehaves because she wants to         in.                                                 2 c water               2 c Plaster of Paris         2 tbsp Tempera Paint (Wet or Dry)
  get your attention, and even negative                      ̓
                                                  •DONT LOSE CONTROL. Knowing that the                Toilet Paper Tubes with duct tape, taped tin foil, etc, or any other similarly sized
  attention (you end up yelling at her for        adults around them are always in control            container. Combine all ingredients and stir together, then let stand a few minutes. Line a
  tearing pages out of her book) is better        makes toddlers feel more secure. Besides,
                                                                                                      cookie sheet with wax paper or tin foil, then place your tubed containers on it. Pour
  than being ignored. Give her what she’s         you’re more likely to deliver effective
  craving before she uses bad behavior to         discipline when you’re calm.                        sidewalk chalk mixture into holders, let stand until somewhat firm. Then remove the
  get it.                                                      ̓
                                                  •DONT EXPECT TOO MUCH. Keep your                    tubes and let dry completely (about 1-1/2 - 2 hours. Throw out any leftover chalk
  •DO BE POSITIVE. Always try to                  expectations about the toddler’s behavior           mixture (WARNING: do not rinse down the sink).
  “catch” a toddler being good— there’s no        age-appropriate. Don’t discipline a toddler                                           Simple Soap Recipe for Kids
  better way to encourage more of the             for a behavior he’s not developmentally             3 cups of soap flakes                         Liquid food coloring
  same. Praise good behavior—give a hug           ready to control. (For Instance, a 14-month-        Vegetable oil                                 Water
  after he helps you clean up the toys, or        old isn’t mature enough to know that pulling        Take a large bowl and put soap flakes into it. Add 1½ cup water, and a few drops of the
  say, “I’m so proud that you shared at play      candy off the shelf in a store is wrong; a 20-      favorite food coloring liquid to the flakes. Completely mix the flakes, water and color
  group today.”                                   month-old can’t be expected to remember to
                                                                                                      well, using your hand, until it gets somewhat like the play dough. Now, it is time to
  •DO TAILOR THE DISCIPLINE. What                 put her toys away.)
  works for one child may not work for                           ̓
                                                  •DONT WITHHOLD AFFECTION. Never                     shape the homemade soaps. You should rub a few drops of vegetable oil on your hands,
  another. It may not work for two children       let a child think love comes with strings           (and your child's), and shape the soap dough, in the desired shape and size. You should
  in the same family or even for the same         attached (“You spilled all the milk on the          let the soap stand overnight, and then use it! You can also make your own soap flakes.
  child on two different days. Each toddler       floor, so I won’t give you a hug”). Rejection       This is very easily done by taking a regular soap bar and grating it, to form soap powder.
  is an individual, and you’ll need to adapt      will only make her sad—it won’t help her
  your methods of discipline to the child in      learn from her mistake.
  your care.
       Play dough Recipes
   Giving children something to play with that expands the imagination as well as
working on their fine motor skills is esential for their development. Playdough is an
exceptional idea, because it works multiple skills.

1 c. white flour       1/2 c. salt
2 tbsp. vegetable oil                      1 tsp. alum
Food coloring, be creative                 1/2 c. water
Mix first 4 ingredients well. Add food coloring to water. Gradually add small
amounts of water until mixture is consistency of bread dough. Store in airtight
container or plastic bag to last a long time.
1 c. flour                                 1/2 c. salt
2 tsp. cream of tartar                     1 c. water
2 tbsp. oil                                1 tsp. food coloring
Combine 1 cup flour, 1/2 cup salt and 2 teaspoons cream of tartar in a large saucepan.
Gradually stir in 1 cup water mixed with 2 tablespoons oil and 1 teaspoon food
coloring. Cook over medium to high heat, stirring constantly until a ball forms.
Remove from heat, cool and knead until smooth on wax paper. Store in an airtight
container. Children will enjoy playing with the playdough!
1 c. white flour                           1/4 c. salt
2 tbsp. cream of tartar                    1 c. water
2 tsp. food coloring                       1 tbsp. oil
Mix flour, salt and cream of tartar in a medium-size saucepan. In a separate bowl mix
the water, oil, and food coloring. Mix into dry ingredients and stir over medium heat
for 3-5 minutes until it forms a ball in the center of the pan. Turn it out onto a lightly
floured surface and knead until it no longer sticks to your fingers. Store in a Zip-Loc
Kool-Aid Playdough:
12 sm. pkg. unsweetened Kool-Aid           2 1/2 c. flour
1/2 c. salt                                3 tbsp. oil
1 tbsp. alum
Dissolve Kool-Aid in boiling water. Add other ingredients and mix together. Mixture
should congeal but not be sticky. Store in airtight container.

Cooked Playdough:
1 c. water                                1 c. flour
1/2 c. salt                               2 tbsp. cream of tartar
1 tbsp. oil                               food coloring, if desired
Cook on high for 5 to 6 minutes, stirring well, (break up lumps), every 2 minutes,
until the playdough clings to the spoon and is no longer sticky. When it is cooked
enough, it will be pliable and soft, but not sticky.
Turn out onto a plate and cool for a few minutes. Knead it for a minute or two until it
is smooth. Store it in a tightly covered plastic container. Refrigeration is not
                                                                                         Homemade Finger Paints
Keeping Children Safe                                  1/4 c. warm water
                                                       3 T. Sugar
                                                                                             1 envelope gelatin
                                                                                             2 c. cold water
Please Identify the 10 safety Hazards that have been   Food coloring                         Dishwashing liquid
corrected in this typical family home.                 Soak gelatin in 1/4 cup warm water and set aside. In a medium saucepan, combine
                                                       cornstarch and sugar. Gradually add water and cook slowly over low heat, stirring until
                                                       well blended. Remove from heat and add softened gelatin. Divide mixture into separate
                                                       containers for each color. For each color, first add a drop or two of dishwashing
                                                       detergent and then add food coloring a drop at a time until you have the shade you want.
                                                       Store up to six weeks in the refrigerator.
                                                                                          Fantastic Finger Paints
                                                       1 c. flour                            2 T. of salt
                                                       1 1/2 c. cold water                   1 1/4 c. hot water
                                                       Food coloring      Freezer paper (paint on shiny side )
                                                       Combine flour, salt, and cold water in a saucepan. beat with a wire whisk until smooth.
                                                       Heat the mixture over medium heat. Slowly stir in hot water. Continue stirring until
                                                       mixture boils and begins to thicken. Remove from heat. Beat with a whisk until smooth.
                                                       Divide the mixture into several different containers. Add 4-5 drops of food coloring to
                                                       each container and stir.
                                                                                       Salt and Flour Finger Paints
                                                       2 c. flour                            2 tsp. salt
                                                       3 c. cold water                       2 c. hot water
                                                       Food coloring
                                                       Add the salt to the flour in a saucepan. Pour in cold water gradually and beat the mixture
                                                       with an egg beater until smooth. Add the hot water and boil the mixture until it becomes
                                                       glossy. Beat it until it is smooth. Mix in food coloring.

                                                       Remove Fingerpaint from Carpet If you have a budding Leonardo da Vinci, but
                                                       they’ve been budding where there is carpet, and some of their fingerpaint is now on the
  1.                                                   floor, don’t panic. A piece of priceless artwork is well worth the little work it will take to
                                                       clean up the mess. First, use white paper towels to blot up the excess. Do not rub.
  2.                                                   Depending on whether you suspect a strong dye or not, you can add an extra ingredient
                                                       to your removal tools. Remember that they are water-based paints, and if there was a
  3.                                                   guarantee of staining, they’d never be made for children. If you wish, you can start out
                                                       with dry cleaning fluid, available at your local hardware store. However, in most cases it
  4.                                                   won’t be needed, and you’re just as well off to wait and see if there is any residual
                                                       staining and treat it afterwards. So it’s either the fluid, or a mixture of 1/2 liquid dish
  5.                                                   detergent (without lanolin or additives) and 1/2 water. Use a clean white cloth soaked in
                                                       this solution, and blot it into the stain. Alternatively, you can put the solution in a spray
  6.                                                   bottle, and apply generously. Blot with a white cloth, continuously folding the cloth over
                                                       with each blot, to ensure you don’t deposit it back on the stain. Do not rub. If you choose
  7.                                                   to use a toothbrush to loosen the pigment, brush in towards the center, and never
                                                       outwards. Use a spray bottle of plain warm water and soak the spot, blotting as above.
  8.                                                   Repeat the soap/blot and water/blot once more. Replace cloth with fresh one as needed.
                                                       If there is still a bit of coloring left, but it is being removed, repeat the soap and water
  9.                                                   blots a third time. If, at the end of this, you still have color, you can try a hand or regular
                                                       carpet cleaner to deep clean the rest of the color out, or a formula such as Goo Gone or
  10.                                                  Goof Off. Visit for a growing library of tips to
                                                       remove those annoying messes in your life.
                            Making “Finger-paint” Water Colors
1 T. white vinegar
1 T. Cornstarch
                                      2 T. Baking soda
                                      1/4 tsp. glycerin
                                                                                                               The Stranger/Danger Myth
Liquid food coloring                  Plastic bottle caps from 2-liter bottles
Mix vinegar and baking soda in small bowl. When mixture stops bubbling, add cornstarch
                                                                                                              From “Child Lure Prevention”
and glycerin. Mix well. Pour mixture into bottle caps. Add several drops of food coloring to
the mixture in the bottle caps. Let dry overnight.
                                   Scratch and Sniff Painting
Watercolor paints                     Craft glue                                                                    Child abduction always seems to be in the news,
Fruit flavor gelatin                  Paper
                                                                                                     sad to say. Ask your child to draw the face of a “stranger.”
Draw a picture. (You can trace a picture from a coloring book.) Paint the picture with               Chances are it will reveal a scary and menacing person. The
watercolors. After the picture is dry, spread craft glue a little at a time over the colored parts   truth is the most people who prey on children behave quite the
of the picture. Sprinkle fruit flavored gelatin over the wet glue. Let your picture dry. The         opposite, so kids do not see them as a threat. In the eyes of a
craft glue dries clear and you have a sweet smelling picture.                                        child, a complete stranger who strikes up a friendly conversation
                                      Puff Paint
                                                                                                     quickly becomes someone that child “knows.”
One part shaving cream            Equal parts of white school glue                                   Keep in mind also that most children are abused by someone
Food coloring                                                                                        they really do know – a family friend, neighbor, relative, coach, or
Mix shaving cream and glue. Divide mixture into separate small bowls. Add food coloring              babysitter, for example. Telling children, “Don’t talk to
to make different colors.                                                                            strangers” is not only ineffective, it actually puts them at greater
                                      Instant Finger Paint
                                                                                                     risk. Instead, youngsters should know how to recognize the
Shaving cream                         Tempera paint                                                  specific Lures used by predators, as well as how to follow their
Paper or table top                                                                                   instincts about people and situations. Armed with these tools,
Spray shaving cream on your tabletop or on each child's paper. Add a couple of drops of              children are better able to protect themselves from violent
tempera paint of your choice.                                                                        crimes.
                                       Jello Finger Paint
1 c. cornstarch                       3/4 c. and another 1/4 c. cold water
                                                                                                     The Lures While numerically and creatively infinite, the lures
2 c. hot water                        1 envelope gelatin                                             used on children and even adults generally fall into the following
1/2 c. liquid soap or dishwashing liquid (Use clear soap for purest color.)                          1. Affection     7. Emergency
                                                                                                     seventeen categories:                           13. Threats & Weapons
2 packets (same flavor) unsweetened Kool-Aid mix
In a saucepan, blend 3/4 cup of cold water and cornstarch. Add hot water and heat until              2. Pet          8. Fun & Games                14. Pornography
boiling stirring constantly. Remove from heat. Mix gelatin into remaining 1/4 cup of water
and blend with liquid soap and cornstarch mixture. Add Kool-Aid for color and aroma. (You
                                                                                                     3. Assistance   9. Hero                       15. Computer/Online
can divide the uncolored mix in half and color both sections separate colors.) Store in a            4. Authority    10. Job                       16. Drugs
covered jar in the refrigerator for 12 hours before using.
                                                                                                     5. Bribery      11. Name Recognition          17. Hate & Violence
                                          Finger Paint
1 c. cornstarch                       3/4 c. and another 1/4 c. of cold water                        6. Ego/Fame     12. Playmate/Companion
2 c. hot water                        1 envelope gelatin
1/2 c. Ivory Flakes                   Food coloring or dry tempera                                   These lures are used both individually and in various
Mix together cornstarch and 3/4 cups cold water. Soak one envelope unflavored gelatin in
                                                                                                     combinations. For example, a predator might approach a child,
1/4 cup of cold water. Stir 2 cups hot water into the cornstarch. Cook and stir until mixture
is clear and boiling. Remove from heat and blend in gelatin. Then add Ivory Flakes, stirring         pretend to be with the fire department (AUTHORITY LURE),
until the flakes are dissolved. Cool. Divide into small covered containers. Add food coloring        claim that the child’s house is on fire (EMERGENCY LURE), and
or dry tempera.                                                                                      tell the child to come quickly.
We are going to practice recognizing the lures, read the following                                             Broccoli With Cheese Sauce
     scenarios. Identify the lure and then explain what the response            For ½ Bunch Broccoli:
                                                                                 Wash and Remove Heavy Ends of Stock. Split the Stalks and Place Tender Florets
     should be.                                                                 Toward Center of a 1½-quart (10 X 6 X 1~ 3/4 Inch) Baking Dish. Add about a
1.      Valerie has met a boy on-line who wants to meet her in person. What     Tablespoon of Water or Margarine. Cover Dish with Plastic Wrap but Turn Back One
                                                                                Corner of the Wrap to Allow Steam to Escape. Cook 4 to 5 Minutes at High. Allow to
        should Valerie do?                                                      Stand Covered about 2 to 3 Minutes.
                                                                                Cheese Sauce:
                                                                                1 Tablespoon Margarine                     1 Tablespoon Flour
                                                                                1/8 Teaspoon Salt½ Cup Milk                2 Tablespoons Grated Cheese
                                                                                Melt Margarine in a One—quart Glass Casserole or a One—quart Glass Measurer. Add
2.      Maria is sleeping over at her best friend’s house. During the night,    the Flour And salt. Stir and Cook with Microwave on High about 10 to 20 Seconds, or
        she awakens to find her friend’s father kissing her.                    until Mixture Is Bubbly. Stir in Milk. (You Can Leave a Wooden Spoon in the Dish.)
                                                                                Cook on High for about 1½ to 2 Minutes. Stir Every 30 Seconds. Add the Cheese and
                                                                                Cook about 30 Seconds Longer. If the Sauce Gets Lumpy, You Can Use a Wire Whisk
                                                                                to Whip it Smooth. Cover loosely with Waxed Paper. Cook on High 10 Minutes or till
                                                                                Chicken Is Tender, Giving The Dish a Half-turn.
                                                                                                                           Trail Mix
3. Jason is at the playground with some friends. A woman runs up to him,        8 oz. (224 g) nuts such as peanuts, walnuts, cashews, pecans, or others
      says that his grandmother was just taken to the hospital, and tells him   8 oz. (224 g) dried fruits such as raisins, cranberries, apples, apricots, dates, figs, or
      to come quickly.                                                          others
                                                                                Trail mix can consist of almost anything. Mix equal parts of your favorite nuts and dried
                                                                                fruits in a large bowl. Add coconut and dried pineapple for a tropical blend. Store in a
                                                                                zip bag or a container with a tight-fitting cover.
                                                                                                                         Cereal Mix
4. Shawna overhears a classmate bragging that he’s got a gun in his locker.     8 oz. (224 g) dry cereal such as Cheerios~ or Chex®8 oz. (224 g) peanuts, cashews,
                                                                                almonds, walnuts, or pecans
     What should Shawna do?                                                     Mix the dried cereal and nuts together. Store in a zip bag or a container with a tight-
                                                                                fitting cover.
                                                                                                                         Energy Mix
                                                                                1/4 c. (50 ml) peanuts                     1/4 c. (50 ml) raisins
                                                                                1/4 c. (50 ml) sunflower seeds             1/4 c. (50 ml) dried fruit
5. Carlos is invited over to his football coach’s house to watch a video of     Mix equal parts of peanuts, raisins, sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, and dried fruit. Put
     football plays. While Carlos is there, the coach encourages him to         energy mix in a serving bowl.
     drink beer and smoke pot. What should Carlos do?                                                              Everyday Coffee Cake
                                                                                1 1/2 cups of buttermilk biscuit mix       1 cups sugar
                                                                                ½ cup milk                                 1 egg
                                                                                2 tablespoons cooking oil                  1/3 cup buttermilk biscuit mix
6. Invent a scenario using at least 2 of the lures.                             1/3 cup brown sugar (packed)               2 table spoon butter
                                                                                1 teaspoon cinnamon
                                                                                In mixing bowl stir together biscuit mix and sugar. Add milk, egg, and oil. Beat by hand,
                                                                                mixing well. Pour into greased 8 inch round glass dish. Blend biscuit mix, brown sugar,
                                                                                butter, and cinnamon until crumbly. Sprinkle over batter and sprinkle with or without
     Information from Child Lures. To learn more go to      nuts. Microwave on High 5 to 7 minutes, rotating dish., turn after 3 minutes. Cool
                                                                                fifteen minutes.
                 Office on Youth & Human Services 520-9286
1 ½ tbsp Butter
                                Rice Krispies Treats
                                         ½ package Marshmallows (5 oz.)
                                                                                            Characteristics of Children’s Literature
3 cups Rice Krispies
Spray rubber scrapper with PAM. Melt butter and marshmallow in large glass mixing          Identify the qualities of children’s books that separate it from other
bowl in microwave: 1 ½ to 2 minutes or until soft enough to stir into a melted form        types of writing. Be sure to identify at least 5 of qualities and try to
with rubber scrapper. Spray bottom of glass pan with PAM Add in Rice Krispies to           identify at least one example for each quality. You will be writing for
bowl gradually. Spread Rice Krispies and marshmallows into glass pan. Firmly press         the next 2 minutes.
down, let stand 5 minutes. You can substitute any cereal or grain for the rice krispies.
                              Easy Microwave Popcorn
1/4 c. popping corn              1 paper bag                stapler
Place popcorn in paper bag, fold over and staple closed, Microwave for l minute
thirty seconds.
                             Crispy Microwave Chicken
2 Tablespoons Butter or Margarine        3/4 Cup bread Crumbs
2 Tablespoons Grated Parmesan Cheese 1/4 Teaspoon Garlic Powder
1/8 Teaspoon Paprika                     2 Whole Medium Chicken Breasts (About 1
1/2 Pounds Total), Skinned, Honed, and Halved Lengthwise
In a 1 -Cup Glass Measuring cup Butter, Uncovered. On High For 45 Seconds or till
Melted. In a Shallow Dish Combine Bread Crumbs, Cheese, Garlic Powder. And
Paprika. Brush the Meaty Side of Each Chicken Piece with Sonic of the Melted
Butter or Margarine: Coat the Same Side with Some of the Crumb Mixture. Place
Chicken, Crumb Side Up, on a Microwave able Microwave-safe Dish. Sprinkle with
the Remaining Crumbs and Drizzle with Remaining Butter or margarine. Microwave
on high for 3 to 4 minutes.
                             Microwave Mac & Cheese
8 oz. (224 g) macaroni                   2 T. (30 ml) butter or margarine
8 oz. (224 g) Cheddar cheese, shredded 8 oz. (224 g) processed cheese, cubed
1 c. (250 ml) sour cream                 Salt and pepper, if desired
Cook the macaroni in a large pot on the range top until soft. Drain and set aside.         RAFT Activity You will be taking on the role of a children’s book
Choose a microwave-safe dish. Place the butter in the dish and microwave until             author and the writing a children’s story for a preschool age child.
melted. Add the macaroni, cheeses, and sour cream, stirring until well mixed.              The final format will be as a children’s book. The topic is yours to
Microwave for 10 to 12 minutes, stirring the mixture occasionally. Season with salt
and pepper, if desired. Serve immediately.
                                                                                           decide, but use the research that we performed to guide your
Quick Mix-Ins Add some extra vitamins and minerals to your macaroni and cheese             decision.
by adding broccoli, cauliflower, or peas.
                                     Apple Crisp
6 Cups Peeled, Cored and Sliced Cooking Apples 1 Tablespoon Lemon Juice
6 Tablespoons Butter or Margarine         3/4 Cup Packed Brown Sugar
3/4 Cup Quick-cooking Oats               ½ Cup Flour
1 Teaspoon Cinnamon
Place Apples in 8-inch Baking Dish. Sprinkle with Lemon Juice. Melt Butter in Small
Mixing Bowl at High Power 1 to 1½ Minutes. Stir in Remaining Ingredients until
Crumbly. Sprinkle over Apples Evenly; Press down 1ightly. Microwave at High 8
Minutes. Rotate Dish ½ Turn. Microwave 6 to 8 Minutes until Apples Are Tender.
Serve Warm, Cold, Plain, or Topped with Whipped Cream.
Variation: For Cherry Crisp, Substitute 1 Can Cherry Pie Filling for Apples.
Microwave at High 8 to 11 Minutes or until Hot and Bubbly.
  World of Children’s Literature
You will be writing a children’s book for a specific audience, preschoolers. Your
book will need to be appropriate to a preschoolers learning level. Answer these
 questions before you start writing: Is my book creative? Will children find this      Microwave Safety
    book interesting? Will parents want to read this book to their children?

     Book: Author and Illustrator

                                                                                    According to the U.S. Census, one-third of all school age
         Summarize the book; at least one paragraph, at least 5
                                                                                    children are “latch-key kids,” meaning they get home before a
         sentences and use the back or another piece of paper if                    parent does at least once a week.
         needed.                                                                    Many of these kids make their own after-school snack or even
                                                                                    start dinner using a microwave. Since burns and spills are a
                                                                                    common hazard associated with microwave use, parents need
                                                                                    to make sure their child knows how to use the microwave

                  What are two things a child would learn from
                                                                                    ���� Put the microwave on a sturdy stand…one that’s low
                  this book?                                                        enough and within your child’s reach. If a child reaches too
                                                                                    high, they may pull a hot dish down on themselves.

                                                                                    ���� Teach your child how to read the controls on the
                                                                                    microwave, such as the time, power level, start, and stop. If
                                                                                    they can’t read them, they’re too young to operate a microwave
       Book: Author and Illustrator
                                                                                    by themselves.
                                                                                    ���� Keep microwave-safe containers within your child’s reach.
            Summarize the book; at least one paragraph, at least 5
            sentences and use the back or another piece of paper if                 ���� Always have your child use a potholder to remove food
                                                                                    from the microwave. Keep potholders handy.

                                                                                    ���� Teach your child to stir heated food before tasting. This
                                                                                    distributes the heat and avoids hot spots that can cause burns.

                                                                                    ���� Show your child how to open containers. For example, open
                     What are two things a child would learn from                   popcorn so the steam escapes away from the face.
                     this book?
                                                                                    ���� Until you’re positive your child has mastered the art of
                                                                                    microwaving, provide supervision.
Name of Toy:                                                           Children’s Literature Planning Sheet
What can a Child learn from this   What are the potential hazards of
toy?                               this toy?
Does this toy encourage –          For what age is this toy
oIndependent Play?                 appropriate? Why?
oCooperative Play?
oLonger attention span?
oHand-eye coordination?                                                Page 1               Page 2
oProblem solving?

Name of Toy:

What can a Child learn from this   What are the potential hazards of
toy?                               this toy?
Does this toy encourage –
oIndependent Play?
                                   For what age is this toy
                                   appropriate? Why?
                                                                       Page 3               Page 4
oCooperative Play?
oLonger attention span?
oHand-eye coordination?
oProblem solving?

Name of Toy:

What can a Child learn from this   What are the potential hazards of
                                                                       Page 5               Page 6
toy?                               this toy?
Does this toy encourage –          For what age is this toy
oIndependent Play?                 appropriate? Why?
oCooperative Play?
oLonger attention span?
oHand-eye coordination?
oProblem solving?
                                                                       Page 7               Page 8
                       Example                          Example
                                                                                                     World of Children’s Play
                                                                                       You are going to be supplied with a
                                                                                        variety of children’s toys. Please
                                                                                      evaluate at least 5 using the chart on
                                                                                      this and then next page. You will be
  Quality                                                                   Quality
                                                                                          given 5 minutes with each toy.
                                                                                      Name of Toy:
                                   Character’s Name
                                                                                      What can a Child learn from this   What are the potential hazards of
                                                                                      toy?                               this toy?
                                                                                      Does this toy encourage –          For what age is this toy
           Example                                                  Example           oIndependent Play?                 appropriate? Why?
                                                                                      oCooperative Play?
                                                                                      oLonger attention span?
                     Example                          Example
                                                                                      oHand-eye coordination?
                                                                                      oProblem solving?

    Example                                                       Example             Name of Toy:

                                                                                      What can a Child learn from this   What are the potential hazards of
                                                                                      toy?                               this toy?

Quality                                                                Quality        Does this toy encourage –          For what age is this toy
                                                                                      oIndependent Play?                 appropriate? Why?
                                                                                      oCooperative Play?
                                                                                      oLonger attention span?
                                 Character’s Name
                                                                                      oHand-eye coordination?
                                                                                      oProblem solving?

      Example                                                     Example
              World of Children’s Play                                    Preschool Literature Project
                                                                                         You will be writing a children’s book for a specific
    Play is often talked about as if it were a relief from serious
                                                                          audience, preschoolers. Your book will need to be appropriate to a
    learning. But for children play is serious learning. Play is really
                                                                          preschoolers learning level. Answer these questions before you
    the work of childhood.” - Mr. (Fred) Rogers
                                                                          start writing: Is my book creative? Will children find this book
    Use Chapter 9 in the Discovering Life Skills Book to complete
                                                                          interesting? Will parents want to read this book to their children?
    this chart.
                                                                                                                    Worth   Student    Teacher
Infant                                                     Age Range:      Grading Rubric Categories
                                                                           Neatness/ Presentation                   10
Milestones:            Level Of Play:            Other Needs:
                      Age Appropriate Toys:                               Creativity/Imagination                   15
                                                                           Title                                    5
                                                                          Cover page, by line and illustrated by   10
                                                                          Content                                  15
                                                                          Characters                               10
                                                                           Happy ending                             5
Toodlers                                                   Age Range:
Characteristics:                                                           Age Appropriate                          10

                      Level Of Play:            Other Needs:              Illustrations                            10
                      Age Appropriate Toys:
                                                                          Quick Write
                                                                          1. Reading children’s books has many benefits.
                                                                          2. Writing children’s books is a learning experience for the author.
Preschoolers                                               Age Range:
Characteristics:                                                           3. Difficulties that I encountered while I was writing my children’s
                       Level Of Play:            Other Needs:              book were. . .
                      Age Appropriate Toys:
                                                                          4. Narrowing down a topic to write about was the easy part of
                                                                          writing a children’s book.
                                         Homemade Bubbles
                  1 c. water                              1/3 c liquid dish soap
Babysitting Bag   2 tbsp. light corn syrup
dfkadfk           Combine ingredients in a resealable container.

                                           Glorax (Flubber)
                  3 T. water                              1T. white glue
                  2 heaping T. of Borax
                                  Put ingredients into a ziplock bag and mix well.
                  Add food coloring if you like. Shape into a ball. If the mixture is
                  too sticky, roll the ball in a little bit of Borax.

                                          Silly Putty Recipie
                  ½ c water                    ½ c. Elmer’s glue
                  3 drops of food coloring     ½ c. borax solution
                  Mix the ingredients well in a plastic bag. Add food coloring if you
                  wish. Let it dry about an hour. When it is a ready it will be
                  smooth and rubber-like. Borax solution: 2 tbsp. borax and add a
                  cup of water and stir.
                         Reading Books to Children                                                               BABY-CARE. BASICS
                                                                                        Directions: Caring for babies involves understanding how to keep them
          Reading to children should be an active experience. Children need to sit      safe and happy. Read each situation below, and describe how you would
as close as possible to the reader in order to see the pictures, to become involved     respond.
in the story, and just because it feels good to sit close to someone who likes you.     1. You are babysitting a six-month-old infant You have just finished
They should participate by saying words, finding pictures, and turning pages.
Follow the guidelines below to make reading to children and enjoyable and                   feeding her a bottle, and she is playing quietly on the floor with blocks.
meaningful experience.                                                                      Suddenly she begins to cry. What should you do?
          To be a successful story read, you will want to keep these hints in mind:
•Know your book well.
Become well acquainted with a book and bring it to your babysitting job. If the
child wants you to read one of their books quickly skim through it to get an idea of
what it is about. Use sound words for which you can make the sound rather than
reading words. Another way that incorporates the child into the book is to
substitute the child’s name for the name used in the book. Where there are
repetitious phrases have the children join in.
                                                                                        2. You are changing a baby on the changing table. You realize that the
•Start with an attention-getting device.
Your story reading will not be successful unless you have your listener’s attention.       clean diapers and baby wipes are on the chair across the room. What
If will be a poor experience for both you and the child if you have to stop to             should you do?
reprimand a disruptive child. One of the simplest and most effective devices is to
use the cover of the book in some way. You might, for instance ask the children
something about the cover illustration. Here are some examples:
          1.The Snowy Day. Do you see the little boy in the snow? What do you
          suppose he is looking at?
          2.Swimmy. Do you see the little fish on the cover? What different colors
          are they? Which one do you think is Swimmy?
Or you may want to ask the child questions about the books title. Here are some
•Nobody Listens to Andrew. Andrew is trying to tell people something and all the        3. You have agreed to babysit your neighbor’s four-month-old infant You
people are walking away. What do you suppose Andrew is trying to tell them?                will care for the baby during feeding time. What are three important
Could you guess?                                                                           guidelines to follow when feeding the baby a bottle?
•Make your voice as interesting as possible.
Your voice often reflects your feelings. If you are enthusiastic about story reading,
the children will know if by the tone of your voice. Children love it when you
dramatize the story by making your voice scary or whispery or way down deep!
Can you do it? Most of us don’t know until we try. Even then we’re not sure how
we come across. Turn to the tape recorder when you are practicing reading a
story to hear how you sound. Do you like the way you read a story? Practice
alone with the tape recorder until you have improved as much as you want.
•Help children get involved through participation.                                      4. Youare about to place a baby in the crib for naptime. What are three
Children like to be the center of attention and are independent. This means they
                                                                                        important guidelines to follow when putting babies to sleep?
will enjoy stories better if they are somehow a part of them. You, the story reader,
can get the child directly involved is a number of ways. You might, for instance,
ask the child to find a certain item in the illustrations. In The Very Hungry
Caterpillar, a child can identify each of the food items the caterpillar eats a hole
                           BABYSITTING BLUES                                                                         Brenda’s Babysitting Quiz
                                                                                    List at least 15 mistakes that Brenda made before accepting the babysitting job, when she
                                                                                   arrived and during her job. The mistakes do not have to be listed in order nor in sentences.
     Directions: Babysitting is a big responsibility because you are taking        Do not repeat any of your answers. You may use any of the information you have learned
the place of the children’s parents. Read the story below, and list the errors     about babysitting. Print or write neatly.
you find in Brenda’s behavior. There are at least 15 errors for you to find.       1.
Write the errors on the next page.
      “Of course I will babysit on Friday night, Mrs. Jones," Brenda said into
the telephone. ‘Please be here promptly at 7:00 so I can give you all the
necessary information. I must leave for the meeting by 730," Mrs. Jones            3.
replied. Brenda hung up the phone, turned to her friend Sally, and said,
“Call me tomorrow night at Mrs. Jones’s house. Mother won’t be there to tell       4.
me when to get off the phone. We can talk as long as we want!"
      Friday afternoon Brenda forgot the exact time but thought Mrs. Jones
said 7:30. “How many kids does Mrs. Jones have? Oh well, they can just             5.
entertain themselves," Brenda mumbled to herself as she left her house.
      Brenda arrived and a frantic Mrs. Jones answered the door. “I thought        6.
you were coming at 7:00. We don’t have time to talk, so I left all the
information you will need written down on a list by the phone. My children
are hungry, so please prepare their dinner. I don’t give them snacks before        7.
meals or bedtime. I left a casserole out for you to put into the oven.
Remember that Tony is allergic to strawberries, so please don’t give him           8.
any. They both need baths before bedtime," said Mrs. Jones as she hurriedly
      Brenda walked into the kitchen to begin dinner. Mrs. Jones drove her         9.
crazy with all that information she was giving! Brenda did not like the
casserole Mrs. Jones left, so she decided they could all have dip and chips        10.
with a candy bar for dessert. Tony wandered into the kitchen and asked for
some strawberries he saw in the refrigerator. “Anything to keep this kid
happy," Brenda mumbled as she gave him a large bowl of strawberries.               11.
      The phone rang, and it was Brenda’s friend Sally. Brenda yelled at the
children to turn off the television so she could talk on the phone. I have a
great idea," Brenda said to Sally on the phone. “Why don’t you come over
here tonight! I’ll put the kids to bed early and not bother to give them a bath.
We can watch the movie and finish up these snacks I found in Mrs. Jones’s          13.
kitchen. Hurry and come over!"


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