Sciatica .. The causes and symptoms, treatment and prevention Happens sciatica due to irritation sciatic nerve pressure and its roots at the lower back, sciatica is pain down the back-ROM with the pain of one of the buttocks in the area of the body, and down-leg in the same hand, pain leg usually goes beyond the knee, has exceed also below the knee to reach the foot and toes foot, muscle weakness sometimes occurs along with leg pain. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve body and thick around the smaller thickness of the finger, as it emerges from the spine in the lower back and then passes behind the hip joint, and then down to the rump, and then passes to the back of the leg to the foot. Different pain sciatica pain down the back, P pain sciatica when it starts the back moves down one of the lower limbs, as a shooting pain, which is similar to lightning or electricity, and have a few seconds and repeated in bouts, and may be pain such as burning pain, or tingling pain , ranging between pain pain cause some discomfort to unbearable pain, and some patients feel pain in a part of the leg and numbness another part of the same leg. Causes of sciatica: - sciatic nerve irritation and compression at the root cause lower back injury sweat of sciatica. - Pain begins suddenly when lifting a heavy load or move quickly. - The most common causes is a slipped disc, where a disk cartilage cushions between the vertebrae back, and is working to mitigate and absorb shocks during movement or bending or lifting weights, and no disk wall to meet the outside is a ring of fibrous, and the nucleus gel thick soft, and when the rupture of the outer wall of fibrous discs cartilage, the nucleus pushes through the tear and put pressure on the sciatic nerve roots, leading to feeling the pain of sciatica. - A narrowing of the spinal canal, which passes through the spinal cord with aging can cause pressure on the sciatic nerve and cause sciatica pain on both sides of the body. - A slip of the paragraphs before the paragraph above the other can cause pressure on the sciatic nerve roots. - A strain on the sciatic nerve. - Sciatica due to compression of muscle contraction when it passes to buttocks. - Sciatica may occur also due to aging as a result of bone and joint inflammation osteoarthritis, or as a result of paragraphs break because of osteoporosis, or the presence of bony projections of paragraphs pressure on nerve roots. - Many of the women happens to them sciatica during pregnancy. - Rarely have sciatica due to a health problem, such as larger tumor, or abscess, or blood clot. Symptoms and signs of sciatica: More symptoms of sciatica is pain, and the majority of patients describe severe pain and profound starts on one side of the body lower back, and this pain felt by the patient is also one of the buttocks on the same side of the body, and also the leg when moving in a certain way cause compression of the sciatic nerve. The pain is worse when sitting or standing for a long time, also increases the pain when you stand up from sitting position is low, such as sitting on the toilet seat. Increases the pain when the majority of patients when sneezing, and coughing, and laughter, as curvature increases when the body back. Muscle weakness may occur leg or foot with pain, has more than doubled to the point of not being able to move the leg. Treatment of sciatica: To avoid increasing the pain should not be bending, or lifting weights, or sitting on a low stool soft. Taking anti-inflammatories and painkillers help relieve the pain. Ice compresses on the back may help relieve pain in the beginning. After the passage of time on the beginning of the pain can be done warm compresses to relieve pain. Sleep in a comfortable position and the mattress is soft or hard. Not sleeping in bed for a continuous period extends for more than two days because it increases the situation worse, and must be done according to the activity and movement with the patient. Prescribed physical therapy for the majority of cases where the benefit is improving many of them. After treatment by all means available may undergo an operation to remove the pressure on a nerve for some patients. Acupuncture treatment may help some patients. Studies show an improvement when making exercise in the case of persistent pain for weeks. Prevention: Lifting things properly, and this is done by keeping the back there, and the knees bent when lifting things up. Maintenance work on the exercises to maintain flexibility of back muscles.
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