Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ... Its causes and its symptoms and treatment Is a significant neurobiological disorder, can severely impede the functions of academic, social, and professional. The key feature of this disorder is the repetition of signs and symptoms, which affect the daily life of the person who is suffering from this disorder, has been previously thought that it rarely affects children and adolescents, but now scientists believe that it affects about 2% of the children, and reports indicate that this disorder among adolescents going through a lot of undiagnosed cases, infected, and therefore do not take these cases the right of the treatment which is now an influential and effective, whether in the form of drugs, or cognitive behavioral therapy. And Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a type of anxiety neurotic psychological, and who feels the patient that he has ideas, and emotions and feelings, and actions, make them feel that they Mnviaden to do something, in other words, have the person's concerns or the so-called acquired obsessions compelled him to do things or the so-called compulsions. Causes of obsessive-compulsive disorder This disorder is prevalent more than we thought, and most of those infected are in the age of thirty years, and there are theories to explain the causes, but did not prove one of these theories, and has indicated some of the reports to the role of genetic factor, and linked between the head injury, or infection, in an attempt to explain causes of the disease, some studies have shown the presence of defects in individuals with brain, and some scientists have pointed out that the lack of substance serotonin level may be among the reasons, but there is a need for further studies. And about 20% of people with obsessive-compulsive disorder, they have frequent involuntary contractions of muscles, and this makes the scientists suggest that there is a relationship between this disorder and Tourette syndrome, however the link between them is not clear. Scientists have discovered that people with this disorder do not have enough damping to areas of the brain which are responsible for stopping repetitive behaviors. Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder - Obsessive repetition of ideas and actions are not binding because of organic disease or drug abuse. - Repeated obsessive thoughts and behaviors cause binding and overlapping with the plight of everyday life. - The patient's attempts to stop or ignore thoughts or actions are repeated failure. - Clean excess of fear of infection. - Repeated hand washing or repeated back to make sure to close the fireplace or close the door. - Repeat actions and words. And scientists believe that the disease consumes more than an hour a day from the time of the patient. And an example of obsessive-compulsive neurotic disorder, repeated hand washing because of the preoccupation with the fear of microbes, and usually the person recognizes that his conduct excessive and unreasonable. And explains the behavior of scientists repeated for patients with this disorder as an attempt to stop the anxiety caused by obsessions or get rid of it. Treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: Medications are used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, and the first drugs used are a type of antidepressant medications, the re-uptake inhibitors Alserottanin selectivity. This group includes: - Citalopram - Fluoxetine - Fluvoxamine - Paroxetine - Sertraline If you do not affect this group, the doctor describes the drug called clomipramine, one of the older drugs antidepressant, which is also the oldest drugs used to treat Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and is of efficiency in the treatment of these cases, but the side effects the most important difficulty starting urination, and hypotension blood when standing from sitting position, and dry mouth and drowsiness. And sometimes re-uptake inhibitor used Aseratonin selective with Clomipramine. The use of anti-anxiety drugs with drugs mentioned above. Psychotherapy is used to reduce stress, and to reduce anxiety, and resolve internal conflicts. Behavioral therapies and is used so as to expose the patient multiple times for the positions that give rise to concern, and his resistance to catalyst patients who obliged it to act sick, also includes behavioral therapy to stop unwanted thoughts and focus attention on the ease anxiety. Can help Neurosurgery patients affected by the disease are severe, and that after the failure of the means of other treatment and an example of those who have their cases causing the deterioration of family relations, or who drop out of work, or social function, and who happens to them the destruction of the economy profile because of this disorder, and who do not have the ability to use public transport because of the intensity of preoccupation with the fear of infection, and who increasingly have psychological problems.