Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ... Its causes and its symptoms and treatment

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ... Its causes and its symptoms and treatment Powered By Docstoc
					 Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ... Its causes and its symptoms and
                           treatment


Is a significant neurobiological disorder, can severely impede the functions of
academic, social, and professional. The key feature of this disorder is the
repetition of signs and symptoms, which affect the daily life of the person who
is suffering from this disorder, has been previously thought that it rarely
affects children and adolescents, but now scientists believe that it affects
about 2% of the children, and reports indicate that this disorder among
adolescents going through a lot of undiagnosed cases, infected, and therefore
do not take these cases the right of the treatment which is now an influential
and effective, whether in the form of drugs, or cognitive behavioral therapy.



And Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a type of anxiety neurotic
psychological, and who feels the patient that he has ideas, and emotions and
feelings, and actions, make them feel that they Mnviaden to do something, in
other words, have the person's concerns or the so-called acquired obsessions
compelled him to do things or the so-called compulsions.



Causes of obsessive-compulsive disorder

This disorder is prevalent more than we thought, and most of those infected
are in the age of thirty years, and there are theories to explain the causes, but
did not prove one of these theories, and has indicated some of the reports to
the role of genetic factor, and linked between the head injury, or infection, in
an attempt to explain causes of the disease, some studies have shown the
presence of defects in individuals with brain, and some scientists have pointed
out that the lack of substance serotonin level may be among the reasons, but
there is a need for further studies.

And about 20% of people with obsessive-compulsive disorder, they have
frequent involuntary contractions of muscles, and this makes the scientists
suggest that there is a relationship between this disorder and Tourette
syndrome, however the link between them is not clear. Scientists have
discovered that people with this disorder do not have enough damping to
areas of the brain which are responsible for stopping repetitive behaviors.



Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder

- Obsessive repetition of ideas and actions are not binding because of organic
disease or drug abuse.

- Repeated obsessive thoughts and behaviors cause binding and overlapping
with the plight of everyday life.

- The patient's attempts to stop or ignore thoughts or actions are repeated
failure.

- Clean excess of fear of infection.

- Repeated hand washing or repeated back to make sure to close the fireplace
or close the door.

- Repeat actions and words.



And scientists believe that the disease consumes more than an hour a day
from the time of the patient.



And an example of obsessive-compulsive neurotic disorder, repeated hand
washing because of the preoccupation with the fear of microbes, and usually
the person recognizes that his conduct excessive and unreasonable. And
explains the behavior of scientists repeated for patients with this disorder as
an attempt to stop the anxiety caused by obsessions or get rid of it.
Treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder:

Medications are used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, and
the first drugs used are a type of antidepressant medications, the re-uptake
inhibitors Alserottanin selectivity. This group includes:

- Citalopram

- Fluoxetine

- Fluvoxamine

- Paroxetine

- Sertraline



If you do not affect this group, the doctor describes the drug called
clomipramine, one of the older drugs antidepressant, which is also the oldest
drugs used to treat Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and is of efficiency in the
treatment of these cases, but the side effects the most important difficulty
starting urination, and hypotension blood when standing from sitting
position, and dry mouth and drowsiness. And sometimes re-uptake inhibitor
used Aseratonin selective with Clomipramine. The use of anti-anxiety drugs
with drugs mentioned above.

Psychotherapy is used to reduce stress, and to reduce anxiety, and resolve
internal conflicts. Behavioral therapies and is used so as to expose the patient
multiple times for the positions that give rise to concern, and his resistance to
catalyst patients who obliged it to act sick, also includes behavioral therapy to
stop unwanted thoughts and focus attention on the ease anxiety.

Can help Neurosurgery patients affected by the disease are severe, and that
after the failure of the means of other treatment and an example of those who
have their cases causing the deterioration of family relations, or who drop out
of work, or social function, and who happens to them the destruction of the
economy profile because of this disorder, and who do not have the ability to
use public transport because of the intensity of preoccupation with the fear of
infection, and who increasingly have psychological problems.

				
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