Cerebral palsy .. Its causes and its symptoms, treatment and prevention Of cerebral palsy is a label for a group of disorders affecting body movement, and balance, and position. Cerebral Palsy is caused by the development of abnormal brain or damage in one or more of the brain, which controls nervous muscle tone and motor activity, and damage output usually begin to appear early in infancy or childhood, and infants with cerebral palsy have signs of the evolution of growth they have a slow, such as delayed sitting, crawling, and walking. Cerebral palsy may include muscle stiffness and the presence of spasticity, weakness and muscle tension, and the movements are not subject to control, and problems of the situation of the body, balance, and coordination, walking, speech, and swallowing, and many other functions. No problems are often associated with cerebral palsy, such as mental retardation, and seizures, and problems breathing, and learning difficulties, and problems of control of bladder and bowel, skeletal deformities, and difficulties in eating, and problems of the teeth, and problems with food, and the problems Balabesar and hearing. There are wide variations in the intensity-term problems associated with cerebral palsy, ranging from minor to severe. Despite the volatility of the problems from time to time, the cases do not get worse over time. Causes of cerebral palsy: Arises Cerebral Palsy of damage to specific parts of the brain during its growth, and this damage can occur during pregnancy when it starts to be the brain, and during childbirth, or after birth in the early years of age, and in many cases the causes of damage to the brain are unknown. During childbirth may be the oxygen reaching the brain is not enough, and many cases of cerebral palsy occur as a result of factors prenatal, or perinatal, or postnatal. Risk factors associated with cerebral palsy: Problems such as infection in the mother, or convulsions, or thyroid disorders. Such as birth defects that affect the brain and spinal cord, and the head, face, lungs, and metabolism. Rhesus incompatibility (different blood between mother and fetus, which may cause damage to the brain in the embryo, and this difference can be determined and treated in the mother that receive medical attention before the birth). Some cases, genetic. Complications during childbirth. premature birth. Low birth weight (especially when the birth weight less than a kilo). Severe jaundice after birth. The birth of twins (two or more). hypoxia, which up to the brain before, during, and after birth. Brain damage in the first years of life for a reason such as inflammation of the meninges, and head injuries, lack of oxygen, or bleeding. Symptoms and signs of cerebral palsy: Signs of cerebral palsy are usually not apparent in early childhood, but are more pronounced with the progress of maturity of the nervous system of the child. Include the first signs of the delay parameters of growth such as controlling the head, and sit without support, crawling, walking, and time implications primitive when the child - which disappear after 3-6 months after birth when the child's natural - and the lack of equal skill between the hands when the child - which is considered an early sign of paralysis brain where the sign of muscle weakness, or lack of muscle tone on one side. Problems and disabilities associated with cerebral palsy, ranging from minor to severe, and severity commensurate with the severity of brain damage may be simple and can be only for professional medical observation, or may be marked by parents and caregivers. Muscles may be rigid or loose, and reserves the Parties to develop unusual or unusable, such as the intersection of the legs in a scissors-like status. Movements may seem uncontrolled or non-targeted, or slow, or sudden and unexpected, or twisted. There may be a disability such as the Palace of the legs or pelvic tilt, or curvature of the spine. Muscle contractures may occur making the joint contractures maintain status is not normal. Mental retardation occurs in some children with cerebral palsy and mental retardation, the greater the greater the deficit in general. About a third of people with cerebral palsy is happening to them spasms, convulsions may appear in early life, or after years of brain damage. Some people with cerebral palsy have problems with pronunciation occur due to the control muscles of the tongue, mouth, and throat. Hearing problems may occur, causing the lack of response to sounds or speech delay. Strabismus occurs at about three-fourths of people with cerebral palsy, and he shall be due to weak muscles that control eye movement, which if untreated causes significant problems with Balabesar time. No drilling teeth with cerebral palsy more than usual because of a defect layer of enamel, and also because of the difficulty to use the brush to clean the teeth. Difficulty may occur in the control urine, feces or due to lack of muscle control. Treatment of cerebral palsy: There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but can be minimized with disabilities early and continuing treatment. There are multiple treatments at an affordable all be under the Note specialists. Treatment regimen for a particular person is designed to suit the needs of that person, Treatment varies from case to case, according to the status of each patient. Parents and providers of medical care are working together as a team to choose a treatment that is given the benefit of each patient. Treatment aims to develop the child's skills and abilities and bringing it to the maximum extent of physically and mentally, and socially, and this can be accessed in different ways is managed by a team of professionals, and care of patients of cerebral palsy are complex and require a number of different services, and also a number of specialists, and service can be provided by specialized centers to provide all the services needed by the child. rehabilitation could be done through a program that includes physical therapy, and the use of certain equipment, and treatment of spasticity, this program is monitored by a specialized physical therapy, physical therapy includes activities increase muscle strength, and flexibility, and control, and the goal is to increase the functionality, and reduce disability, and the focus is on improvement of specific skills such as sitting or walking, and are used to reach that certain equipment such as a wheelchair, and the types of bikes. Treatment of muscle stiffness is through injection drug muscles, reduce stiffness and improve range of motion, and reduces disability, improves the response to treatment of natural and professional, and delay the need for surgery. Occupational Therapy helps the patient to learn the physical skills such as eating, dressing, help the child to rely on himself as much as possible. Speech therapy, speech helps the child to overcome the problems of communication, and by improving the muscles of the tongue and mouth, and with less tension and control because of cerebral palsy, and children who can not speak can make use of communication techniques such as sound artificial Computer. You can take the advice of an ophthalmologist for the treatment of children with problems about the vision. Treatment of seizures are drugs through specialist neurological diseases. Difficulty swallowing are treated by a specialist celiac disease, and nutrition specialist. Are treated in the case of breathing difficulty breathing muscles affected by lung disorders specialist. Learning difficulties are identified, and early treatment by a specialist, as the child is directed to specialized centers for education. Medications are used for paralysis spastic and to minimize the impact of cerebral palsy, and to prevent complications, such as drugs that increase dopamine brain, drugs used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, is also used muscle relaxants diazepam, and also uses the toxin botulism botulinum toxin to relax the muscle shrinking is also used antispasmodics multiple which differ in the way of influence for the treatment of seizures. Surgeries used to treat cerebral palsy include: - A few dorsal root which is a work of cutting the roots of nerves when ramifications of the spinal cord, which reduces spasticity and improves the ability to sit, stand and walk. - Baclofen pump abdominal implant, so as to minimize cramping leg muscles through continuous doses. - stereotactic surgery for a fraction of the brain, which controls the muscle tension and movement, it is possible that the improvement of rigidity, and athetosis (peristaltic movements of the existence of continuous hands and feet), and chills. - reconstructive surgery of the arm is possible to re-balance the muscles, and end the contraction, and demonstrate the joints, it is possible to improve the ability of the hand to hold things. - structural problems such as hip dislocation, and scoliosis can be corrected with surgery. - Severe muscle spasm can be corrected with a number of surgeries, which include tenotomy tenotomy, tendon or muscle lengthening. Children who suffer from emotional problems, and problems of dispositions can benefit from sessions conducted by a specialist in psychotherapy. Personal computers and related technologies provide opportunities for communication, and social interaction, learning, leisure, and work for people with cerebral palsy. Prevention In most cases, the cause of cerebral palsy is unknown, and nothing can be done to prevent it. Some important cause of cerebral palsy can be prevented, which include premature birth, low birth weight, infection and head injuries. Attention to medical care before birth, many women are reluctant for a medical examination before pregnancy, which provides for a healthy pregnancy. Avoid smoking, alcohol, and drugs prohibited during pregnancy. Vaccination against rubella protects the mother from infection during pregnancy, and protects the fetus from infection that can cause cerebral palsy. Work test for the exclusion of Rhesus blood group incompatibility between mother and fetus, which facilitates early treatment, and at the same time cause brain damage when left untreated. Periodic vaccinations for children that can prevent inflammation of the meninges, which can cause cerebral palsy.