necessary First Aid That everybody must be familiar with First aid is the initial care given to a sick or injured person. First aid consists of simple but and in many cases life-saving steps. You don’t have to be a medical professional to administer first aid. However, first responders should have proper training. Here are some essential first aid that everyone should know. A second degree burn caused by glue at 145 °C First Aid for Thermal Burns Burns are injuries caused by heat, electricity or chemicals. What to do: 1st and 2nd degree burns: Apply wet cloth or pour cold water to relieve pain 3rd degree burns: Cover with dry, sterile dressing. A clean cloth is good enough in emergency situations. Note; Chemical and electrical burns should be addressed differently. Moreover, the severity of the burn will determine what type first aid it requires. Sprained ankle - this hurts! First Aid for Sprains: Sprains are caused by torn fibers in the ligaments. Swelling and bruising are the most common signs. What to do: 1. Remove jewelry or any clothing in the affected area. 2. Apply cold compress 3. Elevate the affected area Note: The victim should not move the affected area. Also, putting pressure on the joint is not recommended. An x-ray of a fractured bone First Aid for Dislocations and Fractures Dislocations are displacements of the bone. Joints are prone to dislocations when hyper- extended. On the other hand, fractures are the actual breaking of the bone. What to do: 1. Check for ABC (Airway, Breathing and Circulation) especially if the accident is severe 2. Cover the affected area with sterile dressing to prevent infections (especially if there is an open wound) 3. Immobilize the injured area using bandages or splints this bottle of bleach is a dangerous substance found at home First Aid for Poisoning Poisons are substances that when introduced into a living organism causes injuries or death. Furthermore, poisonous substances can be in solid, liquid or gaseous form. Likewise, the poison can be ingested, inhaled, injected, or absorbed by the skin. In addition, poisoning can be accidental or intentional. What to do: 1. Identify the poison 2. Place victim on his side 3. Collect vomit for analysis Do not induce vomiting if: 1. Victim is unresponsive or unconscious 2. The victim ingested poison is acidic or corrosive 3. Has a medical condition that may be complicated by vomiting (such as heart problem, seizures or pregnant) There are many types of popisonouis substances found in the house. Properly storing them reduces the risk that they present. Bee sting still on the skin A 3-day old dog bite First Aid for Bites and Stings First aid for bee stings 1. carefully remove the stinger 2. wash the wound with clean water 3. put a clean dressing on the wound 4. apply cold compress 5. watch for signs of allergic reactions First aid of spider bite 1. clean the bite area 2. wash with water 3. apply cold compress First aid for snake bites 1. wash and clean the wound 2. immobilize bitten part 3. position the part so it is not higher than the heart First aid for dog bite 1. Wash wound 2. Apply antibiotic ointment 3. Cover the wound with sterile dressing Many factors affect the severity of the sting or bite. This includes the type of animal or insect the bit the person, the size and age of the victim and the number of times the person was bitten or stung just to name a few. It pays to know what to do when faced with an emergency situation. First aid can minimize complications from the sickness or injury and can even save lives. As such, it is essential for every household, office or work area to have people with first aid training. Moreover, it is beneficial for everyone to know basic first aid.