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					Private forest
  ownership
 in Lithuania

            Presentation by:     dr. Algis Gaižutis
                                         Chairman
             Forest Owners Association of Lithuania

       Twinning Conference, organized by ELO and the
         Danish Estates and Manors Association with
     landowners and rural entrepreneurs associations from
                   Lithuania and Latvia.
                                      June 18-19, 2004
                                             Denmark
Basic data about family forestry
     Total area forest land, ha                  2.034.300
     Private ownership after restitution           50 %
     Restitution completed                         65 %
     Number of forest owners after restitution   ~ 250.000
     Forest owners living in cities               ~ 45 %
     Average property area, ha                      4-5
     Population, mill.                               3,7
     Total annual increment,mill. m3                16.1
     Harvesting in state forests, mill. m3        3.5-4.0
     Harvesting in private forests, mill. m3      2.0-2.5
   Forest Ownership
 Categories in Lithuania
              (2004 01 01)

                               30,8%       19,5%

Private Forests                    49,7%
                                                   30.8% (of total forest area)
State Forests                                      49.7 %
Other State Forest (could be privatised) 19.5 %
Private forest area                                630.3 thous. ha
      (expected to be over 950 thous. ha- when Restitution will be completed)

Number of private forest owners                    202.8 thous.
Number of private forest holdings                  139.3 thous.
Average area of private forest holding                     4.5 ha
               Distribution of private forest
                 holdings by size (2003 01 01)
                              65572




            30402
                                                 21112

                                                         9487
                                                                3396
                                                                         443

         <1 ha              1-5 ha           5-10 ha 10-20 ha 20-50 ha >50 ha

Source: Ministry of Environment of Lithuania, 2003
           ROUNDWOOD SUPPLY IN LITHUANIA
                1970 – 2005 (Mio. m3)
7
           IMPORT
           Issued permits for felling in private forests
6
           Stumpage sales in state forest
           State forest enterprises' fellings in state forest
5


4


3


2


1


0
    1970

             1975

                    1980

                           1985

                                  1990

                                         1991

                                                1992

                                                       1993

                                                              1994

                                                                     1995

                                                                            1996

                                                                                   1997

                                                                                          1998

                                                                                                 1999

                                                                                                        2000

                                                                                                               2001

                                                                                                                      2002

                                                                                                                             2003

                                                                                                                                    2004(F)

                                                                                                                                              2005(F)
Roundwood flow in the market,                   2003




SUPLY                     CONSUMPTION
-   STATE FOREST   ~3,2
(3,8 Mio.m3)              -   Domestic industry
- PRIVATE FOREST
                    1,4   - Export
(2,2 Mio.m3)
- IMPORT                  - Households (fire wood)
(0,1 Mio.m3)       ~1,5

 6,1 Mio.m3               6,1 Mio.m3
                                         Source: INFOMEDIS 2004
LITHUANIA: ROUNDWOOD SUPPLY
     6 Mio.m3  sales ~ 500 Mio.Lt
                                           42 state forest
                                       enterprises: accounts 1-
 >200                                   2% of market share each
 thousand                                        one
 forest owners

                    37%                                           ~80 Mio.Lt
                                     Hundreds of
                                     contractors      56%         Hundreds of
                                                                  transport
                             7%                                   companies and
                                                                  entrepreneurs,
                                                                  railway


5 large forest industries
(groups of companies)


Sources: (consultant A.Lebedys, INFOMEDIS 2004)
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
    OF FAMILY FORESTRY
                The Forest Owners Association of
                Lithuania (FOAL) founded in
                1993.
                •   FOAL activities are based on a
                    voluntary basis mainly, limited staff
                    in administration. Financing of
                    activities is based on membership fees
                    and project funding.

                •   Over 3000 active members


                •   Network of 38 local Forest Owners
                    Associations,
                    24 cooperatives and companies

                •   Private Forest Extension Centre,
                    established by FOAL, CoAL and DFE
                    2001 for extension service
                    development
                       LITHUANIA
• 24 co-operatives & companies of
    forest owners
    •     providing full range of services
    •     Over 130 specialists employed
    •     40 000 m3 wood trade in 2001,
    •     100 000 m3 –in 2002
    •     ~250000 m3 –in 2003
    •     Network expanding rapidly

•    INFOMEDIS                Market information system (monthly
    roundwood sale prices in private forest),
    started November 2001

•    EKOMEDIENA: centralized roundwood sales from
    private forests in Lithuania, marketing company, operations from
    October 2002

                BALTIC COUNTRIES
• EUROMEDIENA:                             centralized roundwood sales from
    private forest in Baltic Countries , marketing company established May 2003
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF
       FAMILY FORESTRY
2001                            2003

40 000 m3                       250 000 m3
<1% of supply                   4-5% of total supply
2% of supply, private forests   10% of supply, private forests
Working in limiter area :       Covering whole territory:




                                                  (INFOMEDIS)
          Co-operation and networking:

   since 1993           Cooperation started with
                     Skovdyrkerforeningen & Danish Forest Extension - DFE, Denmark




   Objectives:
To gain experience
  how to develop
  Family Forestry
    and to find
 resources needed
Co-operation and networking:

Since 1995       Baltic and Nordic Forest Owners’
                 organizations round table :
             •Sweden -The Federation of Farmers Forestry Division –
             LRF Skogsägarna
             •Finland - The Central Union of Agricultural Producers
             and Forest Owners - MTK,
              Denmark - Danish Forest Association - Dansk
             Skovforening
             •Norway- The Norwegian Forest Owner’s Federation -
             NFOF
             •Lithuania- Lietuvos miško savininkų asociacija - LMSA
             •Latvia - Latvijas meža ipašnieku asociãcija
             •Estonia - EESTI ERAMETSALIIT
Co-operation and networking :
             Europe :
             since 1997:
             • associated members of CEPF

             since 2002:
             • associated members of ELO


             Globe:
             since 2003

             •members of the International Family
             Forestry Alliance – IFFA

             • Forest certification –
             members of the PEFCC
Market &marketing systems
           FOAL umbrella companies’
               roundwood sales
SALES (1000 m3)                         BREAKDOWN BY ASSORTMENTS
                                               (January-October 2003)


250
                             250
                                              Fuelwood
200                                             15%                Softwood
                                                                     logs
                                                                     30%
150


100
                      100
 50                                Pulpwood
         40                          30%
  0
        2001         2002   2003                              Hardwood
 source: INFOMEDIS                                              logs
                                                                 25%
      CERTIFIED FOREST PRODUCTS
       (current status – year 2004)
• FSC
  •   ~50% of state forest was certified in 2003
  •   10-15 CoC certificates
  •   Real demand of certified roundwood:
      •   in 2001 – less than 1,000 m3
      •   in 2002 – 4-5,000 m3
      •   in 2003 – 20-40,000 m3

• PEFC
  •   under development
  •   Metsaliitto & StoraEnso
      mentioned the interest to joint
Some very important actions done in last 4
   years to develop PEFC Lithuania:

 3 February, 2000. The Initiative group for establishment of
    PEFC Certification Scheme in Lithuania and later - PEFC
    National Coordination Group for Lithuania is formed from all
   interested stockholders (private forest owners, NGO's, state forest service,
   forest industries, research institutions etc) and work to develop national
   scheme of PEFC

 February-March, 2000. Communication and exchange of
    information with PEFC network is established (intensive – with
   PEFC-Sweden and PEFC-Latvia)

 24 March, 2000 PEFC Seminar (first) in Vilnius, Introduction to
   Swedish PEFC Scheme by Mr. Sven Lundell .
29 March, 2000. The national Coordination group on Forest
   Certification (for all schemes) formed from representatives
   of private forest owners, state forest service and forest
   industries to discuss, coordinate etc activities of forest
   certification for both main systems (PEFC and FSC).

March, 2000 The forest certification component of cooperation
  project between FOAL and LRF started to develop PEFC
  based National scheme of forest certification. First draft
  of PEFC Lithuania Statutes developed. Going on.

9 May, 2000. The Meeting of National Coordination group
   on Forest Certification

May 29-31, 2000.The participation of Lithuanian delegation in
  Seminar on certification of Sustainable Forest
  Management by Pan EuropeanForest Certification
  (PEFC) in Riga, LATVIA

22 June,2000 . FSC based forest certification is started in
   territory of 2 state forest enterprises (only state owned forest):
   Birzai and Panevezis (Completed in September 2001 by SGS
   QUALIFOR ) .
9 October, 2000. PEFC scheme and Accreditation Seminar in
   Vilnius by PEFC Sweden, Latvia and Lithuania. A co-ordination
   committee on PEFC scheme implementation in the Baltic countries has
   been set. Second draft of PEFC Lithuania Statutes developed.

14 October, 2000, Working group for preparation of PEFC
   Lithuania Technical Document established by FOAL Board.

31 October-6 November 2000. Field activities to develop PEFC
   Lithuania Technical Document started (FOAL/LRF project,
   experts Sven Lundell and Börje Drakenberg)

23-25 April, 2001. PEFC Seminar about forest certification
   for forest owners in Moletai (selected 3 owners for group test
   certification in Pilot Operation Area ) .

01 May 2001. PEFC Seminar in Denmark, Kopenhagen.(DFE,
   FOAL) (3 persons)

27-31 May 2001. Study tour to Sweden to learn about PEFC
   Sweden scheme (2 persons)
October 2001. Study tour to Latvia to learn about PEFC Latvia
  scheme (1 person)

18-20 October, 2001 Conference "Promoting Environmental
  Protection and Sustainable Utilisation of Lithuania's
  Private Forests" in Vilnius (Dr. Christian Brawenz, Vice President of
    PEFC Council and Secretary General of the Austrian Woodland Owners
    represent PEFC)

6-8 March 2002, PEFC seminar in Moletai and Vilnius.
•   Summing up and evaluation of the FOAL Pilot Operation experiences
    Pilot operations Group sertification (200 ha in Moletai area,
    Lithuania) and certification documents : experts Börje Drakenberg; Jonas
    Grigaliunas; Antanas Zulys
•   Conclusions regarding FOAL Forest Certification Project : experts Börje
    Drakenberg; Sven Lundell
•   Presentation of PEFC policies and Organizational principles. Continue
    evaluation of FOAL Forest Certification Project by Ben Gunneberg, PEFC
    Council Secretary General)
March- November2002, Continuation of work on PEFC Lithuania
Technical Document, Pilot operations Group sertification etc.

15 November 2002, Constitution meeting of PEFC Lithuania
  Council.
PEFC Lithuania Council -consist from representatives of:
• Forest owners organisations
• State and Local Government Forests representatives
• Forestry contractors
• Wood industry companies
• Wood trading companies
• Environment protection organisations
• Farmers organisations
• Labour union organisations
• Research, education, inventory and certification organisations
22 November 2002, Participation at PEFCC General Assembly
  in Luxembourg, application for membership.
  Pending confirmation of formal registration PEFC
  Lithuania has been provisionally accepted by
  PEFCC General Assembly as a member of the PEFC
  Council

3 May 2003, meeting of PEFC Lithuania Council in
  Molėtai

20 May 2003, public non profit organization “PEFC Lietuva” –
  Governing Body for development of National forest
  certification scheme under PEFC umbrella formaly
  registred . Lithuania become member of PEFCC
2004- preparation of National Standard for Forest
  Certification under PEFC requirements.
OBJECTIVES:
To develop
STRATEGIC COOPERATION
and
NETWORKS for the business
among the Forest Owners
Movement in Baltic Sea Region


STRATEGIC ALLIANCE
•SYSTEMATIC Information Exchange
•CLEAR SOLIDARITY in business: If
conditions are the same – priority for FOA

•CLEAR POLITICAL SOLIDARITY
                              Thank you !

                              This presentation has been prepared by:

                              Algis Gaizutis, Chairman of the Board, FOAL
                              E-mail: algis@forest.lt,
                              Ph.: +370-687-95113 mob.
Forest Owners Association
of Lithuania

Administration office:
Kalvariju str. 131-314,
LT-08221 Vilnius, Lithuania

Ph.: +370 5 2767590
Fax.: +370 5 2767590
E-mail info@forest.lt,
Website: www.forest.lt

				
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