An Overview Of Mental Health Counseling
Mental health counseling or clinical counseling is a practice in psychology that helps relieve
psychological problems or distress by promoting personal development. It also practices
psychotherapy, consultation, forensic investigation particularly forensic testimony, formulation,
implementation and analysis of plans and programs for treatment of psychological dysfunction and
research. Due to the nature of this field, it's normally monitored as a mental health profession.
Mental health counseling has its roots from the later part of 19th century. And because the area of
psychology grew, branches started to develop, amongst them is counseling psychology and clinical
counseling- both are helpful in mental health assessment and counseling.
While closely associated with clinical psychology, there are nonetheless marked differences between
the two practices.
For one, counseling psychology is used by psychotherapist and counselors to assist patients with
milder psychopathological concerns. However, clinical counseling deals with more severe and
advance types of psychological problems such as schizophrenia and psychosomatic disorders.
Examples of problems that might be handled by counseling psychology are the stress-related
disorders. In essence, these are just minor mental health sicknesses that requires very little (if there's
any) medical interventions.
This method tries to handle minor psychological issues and make use of counseling techniques. This
is doable since patients subjected under this method are still in control of their mind. For instance,
people who are distressed because of problematic circumstances may seek the professionals who
may render counseling psychology.
Counseling psychology focuses more on the personal problems of the person who hampers his
mental health. It helps him resolve problems by using non-directive strategies, due to this fact a
counseling psychologist would only open choices that will help resolve the problem with out being
suggestive or authoritative. Also, counseling psychology is extra focused on rational thinking as an
alternative to unconscious functioning.
A second distinction is that counseling psychology adheres to humanistic or person-centered
approach. Third, it has a distinct view on the developmental problems related to mental disorders.
However, clinical psychology deals more on severe psychological issues such as clinical manic
depression like unipolar and bipolar disorders, sexual dysfunctions such as exhibitionism, fetishism
and sadism, phobias, traumas and substance-abuse or dependency.
Due to a more comprehensive and intensive nature of this field, clinical counseling makes use of
psychological assessment tools that further confirm the symptoms of disorders amongst folks with
disrupted mental health. Mental health assessment is a medium for evaluating symptoms that an
individual presents. This provides insights to mental health professionals that may guide them in the
preparation, administration and evaluation of treatment strategies which are apt to the mental health
needs of a patient. The process of assessment requires using interviews, physical examinations and
clinical observations. Additionally, assessment tools such as intelligence, symptoms questionnaires,
personality and neuropsychological tests are extensively used. All these contribute significantly to the
diagnostic impressions that will be formulated after all of the data is collected and studied.
Despite these variations, counseling psychology and clinical counseling are proven to be very
effective as mental health counseling methods. Each advocates the use of discussing treatment that
would either help resolve the issue for the mental health patient or open up indications that may be
pointed out as causes of the development of the disorder. In effect, both forms of counseling make
mental health therapy and recovery feasible.
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