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					           Retention
ITIP - USSF Referee Instructor Course




    United States Soccer Federation
2006 USSF   ITIP - Retention   2
       Please write the following:

       Social Security number
       Telephone number
       Auto insurance policy number




2006 USSF        ITIP - Retention      3
                 Objective
    At the end of this lesson the learner
    will:
 State the retention formula
 List the (6) variables of retention
 Provide a practical classroom example
  of each


2006 USSF           ITIP - Retention        4
Definition:


     Retention is a preservation of a
     learning that makes recall and
     recognition possible and
     relearning easier.



2006 USSF         ITIP - Retention      5
            Retention Formula:

     Degree of
      Original   +   Practice           =   Retention
     Learning




2006 USSF            ITIP - Retention                   6
            Principles of Retention

       Meaning
       Degree of Original Learning
       Feeling Tone
       Transfer
       Modeling
       Practice

2006 USSF           ITIP - Retention   7
             Meaning

     YAL    DESK           COAT    THE
      NID   LAMP             HAT   BOY
     HEP    BOOK           SKIRT   WENT




2006 USSF      ITIP - Retention           8
                Meaning

    Organized into meaningful relations
    Relationship to past experience




2006 USSF          ITIP - Retention        9
Example:

     Can you remember what you
     were doing on November 22,
     1963?
     Describe your activities on
     September 11, 2001.


2006 USSF        ITIP - Retention   10
                 Meaning

    Organized into meaningful relations
    Relates to past experience
     Meaning vs.. nonsense items
     Provide patterns




2006 USSF          ITIP - Retention        11
      Entry Level Referee Clinic

     1. Laws 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 & 9
     2. Laws 10, 13, 14, 15, 16 & 17
     3. Law 12 (13 & 14 Refresher)
     4. Laws 11, 5 & 6
     5. Review & Examination

2006 USSF        ITIP - Retention      12
                Meaning

    Organized into meaningful relations
    Relates to past experience
    Meaning vs. nonsense items
    Provide patterns
    Aids



2006 USSF          ITIP - Retention        13
                  Aids:

 Change of pace - quiz, change teacher
 Change voice - move within the room
 Illustrations - demonstrations - videos
 Use of differing colors for emphasis




2006 USSF         ITIP - Retention          14
                Meaning

    Organized into meaningful relations
    Relates to past experience
    Meaning vs. nonsense items
    Provide patterns
    Aids
    Mnemonic devices

2006 USSF          ITIP - Retention        15
            Mnemonic Devices

   P ersistent infringment
   U nsporting behavior
   D issent
   D elaying the restart
   L eaving the field
   E ntering or reentering the field
   D istance (failing to respect required)

2006 USSF          ITIP - Retention           16
            Check for Understanding
 If you wished a learner to remember that a map
 is a schematic representation of a portion of the
 world, you should have him begin by:

 A. Working on a map of his town
 B. Working on a map of the U.S.
 C. Working on a map of the school
 D. Working on a map of a foreign country

2006 USSF            ITIP - Retention           17
            Principles of Retention

       Meaning
       Degree of Original Learning




2006 USSF           ITIP - Retention   18
     Degree of Original Learning




2006 USSF       ITIP - Retention   19
            How People Learn

            Sight     70/80%
            Sound 10/20%
            All other 10/0%


2006 USSF        ITIP - Retention   20
            How People Learn

    “When I hear, I forget
   When I see, I remember
     When I do, I learn.”


2006 USSF        ITIP - Retention   21
            Principles of Retention

       Meaning
       Degree of Original Learning
       Feeling Tone




2006 USSF           ITIP - Retention   22
             Feeling Tone

 Good             No                 Good
Retention        Effect             Retention



(-)             Neutral                   (+)
Unpleasant                          Pleasant
Experience                         Experience

 2006 USSF      ITIP - Retention          23
            Principles of Retention

       Meaning
       Degree of Original Learning
       Feeling Tone
       Transfer




2006 USSF           ITIP - Retention   24
                    Transfer

   Positive transfer
     Caution  procedure - send-off procedure
     Signal for DFK - signal for IFK


   Negative transfer
     Counting   seconds soccer vs. basketball



2006 USSF              ITIP - Retention          25
            Principles of Retention

       Meaning
       Degree of Original Learning
       Feeling Tone
       Transfer
       Modeling



2006 USSF           ITIP - Retention   26
      Representation of Learning

 Concrete - model of human heart
 Replication - picture, diagram, map
 Verbal - demonstration, paraphrase




2006 USSF        ITIP - Retention       27
            Principles of Retention

       Meaning
       Degree of Original Learning
       Feeling Tone
       Transfer
       Modeling
       Practice

2006 USSF           ITIP - Retention   28
            Retention Formula:

     Degree of
      Original   +   Practice           =   Retention
     Learning




2006 USSF            ITIP - Retention                   29
            Principles of Retention

       Meaning
       Degree of Original Learning
       Feeling Tone
       Transfer
       Modeling
       Practice

2006 USSF           ITIP - Retention   30
            Retention Formula:

     Degree of
      Original   +   Practice           =   Retention
     Learning




2006 USSF            ITIP - Retention                   31
           Retention
ITIP - USSF Referee Instructor Course




    United States Soccer Federation

				
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