Emigration Emigration A memorial statue in Hanko Finland by mhmmdmousa255

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									Emigration
A memorial statue in Hanko, Finland, commemorating the thousands of emigrants
who left the country to start a new life in the United States

Emigration is the act and the phenomenon of leaving one's native country to settle
abroad. It is the same as immigration but from the perspective of the country of
origin. Human movement before the establishment of state boundaries or within one
state, is termed migration. There are many reasons why people might choose to
emigrate. Some for political or economic reasons. Some might have found a spouse
while visiting another country and emigrate to be with them. Many older people living
in rich nations with cold climates will choose to move to warmer climates when they
retire.

Many political or economic emigrants move together with their families toward new
regions or new countries where they hope to find peace or job opportunities not
available to them in their original location. Throughout history a large number of
emigrants return to their homelands, often after they have earned sufficient money in
the other country. Sometimes these emigrants move to countries with big cultural
differences and will always feel as guests in their destinations, and preserve their
original culture, traditions and language, sometimes transmitting them to their
children. The conflict between the native and the newer culture may easily create
social contrasts, generally resulting in an uncomfortable situation for the "foreigners",
who have to understand legal and social systems sometimes new and strange to them.
Often, communities of emigrants grow up in the destination areas, collecting
immigrants of common provenance, also to help for integration.

Emigration had a profound influence on the world in the 19th and the 20th century,
when hundreds of thousands of poor families left Europe for the United States,
Canada, Brazil, Argentina, and Australia.

Even though definitions may be vague and vary somewhat, emigration/immigration
should not be confused with the phenomenon of involuntary migration, such as
instances of population transfer or ethnic cleansing.

Motives to migrate can be either incentives attracting you away, known as pull
factors, or circumstances encouraging a person to leave, known as push factors, for
example:
Push factors

                                     War or other armed conflict
                                     Famine or drought
                                     Disease
                                     Poverty
                                     Political corruption
                                     Disagreement with politics
                                     Religious intolerance
                                   Natural disasters
                                   Discontent with the natives, such as frequent
                                    harassment, bullying, and abuse
                                   Lack of employment opportunities


These factors generally do not affect people in developed countries; even a natural
disaster is unlikely to cause out-migration.

Pull factors

                                     Higher incomes
                                     Better Weather
                                     Better availability of employment
                                     Better medical facilities
                                     Better education facilities
                                     Better behavior among people
                                     Family reasons
                                     Political stability
                                   Religious tolerance
                                   Relative freedom


Better reputated country

								
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