SMALL POX

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					SMALL POX

By: Harrison Keyes
                  WHAT
• Small pox, know as Variola Major and
  Variola Minor to the latins. Small pox can
  be found in small blood vessels of the skin
  and in the mouth and throat. Small pox
  starts as a rash called maculopapular rash
  and it progresses to fluid filled blisters.
                 WHEN
• Small Pox is believed to come about in
  human population in 10,000 BC. Small pox
  killed an estimated 400,000 Europeans
  each year in the early 18th century that
  includes 5 ruling kings. Small pox has also
  caused a third of all blindness and 80 % of
  all infected children have died.
                   HOW
• Small Pox is transmitted by inhaling of the
  airborne illness Variola virus. It can be
  caught from up to 6 feet away when face
  to face with an infected person. Although it
  is an infectious disease it is not as fast and
  widely spread as others because it is
  usually transmitted through close contact
  and until the rash appears it is not
  contagious.
             SYMPTOMS
• Small pox has two clinical forms. Variola
  major is the most common with a bigger
  rash and higher fever. There are four
  types of Variola major: Ordinary, Modified,
  Flat, and Hemorrhagic. Variola major has
  about a 30% fatality rate; however the
  Hemorrhagic is usually fatal.
                WHERE
• Small Pox virus attacks skin cells, causing
  the pimples. Rashes develop on the skin
  24 to 48 hours after you get infected.
  Usually the pimples first appear on the
  forehead, then rapidly spread to the whole
  face. This process takes no more than 24
  to 36 hours. After this process Variola
  Major infection can take sever very
  different courses.
           TREATMENTS
• Smallpox vaccination within three days of
  exposure will prevent or significantly
  lessen the smallpox symptoms in the vast
  majority of people. Vaccination four to
  seven days after exposure likely offers
  some protection from disease or may
  modify the strength of the disease. Other
  than vaccination, treatment of smallpox is
  primarily supportive, such as wound care
  and infection control and fluid therapy.

				
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posted:4/12/2012
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