Module 1 British and American English
Reading and vocabulary
As you know, China is big in size and full of many dialects.
Hong Kong is part of China. Do you think we will have
difficulty in understanding people from Hong Kong ?
What difficulties in understanding do you think people
from Hong Kong will have when they are in Beijing?
Do people from Shanghai sound the same as those from
What about Chinese characters?
Do you think people from different regions of China
have difficulty in understanding Chinese characters?
What about Britain English and American
Do you think they are quite different?
Can people from the two countries understand
Read the passage and find ways in which British and
American English are different.
vocabulary spelling grammar and pronunciation.
Read the first part and find out the topic sentence
The first and most obvious way is in the vocabulary.
What is the example?
Americans drive ___________ down freeways and fill up
with gas. The British drive cars along motorways and fill
up with ________.
As a tourist, you will need to use the underground in
London or the _______in New York, or maybe you will
prefer to get around the town by taxi ( British ) or_____
The second part of the passage
Americans use a _________, while for the British, it’s a
stand in line
torch. The British queue up; American______________.
Sometimes the same word has a slightly different meaning,
which can be confusing.______, for example, are pieces of
hot fries potato in Britain; in the states chips are sold in
packets. The British call these _____. The chips the British
know and love are _____________ on the other side of the
The main idea of this paragraph:
Sometimes the same word has a slightly different
meaning, which can be confusing.
The third part of the passage
The topic sentence:
There are a few differences in grammar.
According to the texts and tell us some example.
The British say: Have you got…?
My friend has just arrived. in the team at the weekend
I’ll see you on Monday.
Americans say: Do you have…?
My friend just arrived. on the team on the weekend.
I’ll see you Monday
the fourth part of the passage
The difference is spelling, such as center, color, and
program ( American English) centre, _______ , and
programmes( British English)
The British and the Americans are two nations divided
by a common language.
the fifth part of the passage
What is the main idea of the first paragraph of this part?
It says the two varieties of English are moving closer.
What is the reason?
The reason is that for more than a century communication
across the Atlantic have developed steadily.
Will there be more than two varieties of English?
Not just two main varieties.
complete the sentences with the correct words or phrases.
1.There are ______ differences between American and
British varieties of English.
A. no B. a few C. lots of
2.Americans_____ understand what the British are saying.
A. sometimes B. usually C. never
3.There are _________ differences between British and
American grammar. A. no B. many C. not many
4.American spelling is _____ British spelling.
A. the same as B. simpler than C. harder than
5.For a Londoner, an American accent may be easier to
understand than _______. A. a Chinese accent
B. some British accents C. a CNN newsreader.
6.Television and the Internet have made it ______ for the
British and Americans to understand each other.
A. harder B. easier C. impossible
Match the British and American words in the box.
apartment autumn elevator fall first floor flashlight
flat garbage gas ground floor holiday lift stand in line
lorry pavement petrol queue up rubbish sidewalk
torch truck vacation
flat autumn lift ground floor torch rubbish petrol
holiday queue up lorry pavement
apartment fall elevator first floor flashlight garbage
gas vacation stand in line truck sidewalk
Rewrite the sentences using British words.
1. We really like going on vacation in the fall.
We like going on holiday in the autumn very much.
2. You don’t need to take the elevator. Our apartment in
on the first floor.
You don’t need to use the lift. Our flat is on the ground
3. Did you see that truck come out of the gas station?
Did you see that lorry come out of the petrol station?
4. Pass me a flashlight, Eddie. I’ve lost my wallet.
Pass me a torch, Eddie. I’ve lost my wallet.