﴿ بـســم اهلل الرمحــن الرحــيــم ﴾ Ahmed Shawqi Full Name AHMAD SHAWQI Parent's name Father's Name Mother's Name (at least one of SHAWQI both) Date of Birth or Date of Birth Age Age (DD/MM/YYYY) (at least one of both) 29/10/1950 53 Place of birth EGYPT Place of residence before IRAQ the crisis / conflict / disaster Country IRAQ AHMED SHAWQI IS ONE OF THE MOST PROMINENT FIGURES IN RECENT ARABIC HISTORY. HE IS MOST KNOWN AS A GREAT POET, BUT THE FACT IS THAT HE WAS ALSO A LEADER OF THE PEOPLE. HIS POETRY REVOLUTIONIZED THE MAJOR GENRES AND THEMES OF MODERN ARABIC POETRY. HE WAS NAMED “THE PRINCE OF POETS.” THE IRONY IS THAT IT WAS NOT BECAUSE OF HIS MARVELOUS ABILITIES WAS HE GIVEN THAT NAME, BUT BECAUSE OF THE ROYAL DESCENT. Ahmad Shawqi was born in Cairo in 1868 to a middle class family which was related to the royal family. He was raised by his grandmother since his infancy and until he reached the age of 14. As soon as Ahmad Shawqi graduated from secondary school, Khedive Abbas - the prince of Egypt - employed him in his Royal Bureau. After working for a year, Khedive decided that Shawqi should be sent to attend Law School for three years in Paris, France. It is then when his gift in composing poetry first became apparent. He graduated on the 18th of July, 1893. He stayed in Paris an additional six months after he graduated to explore the French art and literature. Shawqi returned to Egypt and started a career as a poet. The first collection of his poems was published in a printed format in the year 1898. It was meant to be the first part of a collection named “Al-Shawqiyat.” After the break of the First World War, Shawqi was exiled to Barcelona, Spain because of his popularity and his weight to the Egyptian population; he opposed the English colonialism of Egypt. His poems of that were directed against the English had sound and clear effects. All through the five years of his exile, Shawqi was singing the praise of his home country and Arab civilization. It was during this period that he wrote his reputed Andalusia nostalgic poems expressing his deep longing for home. He wrote hundreds of poems, innovative and unprecedented. He is most famous for his poems that are narrated through animal figures. His poems spoke of freedom and slavery; of nationality and society; of strength and weakness; of unity and disorder; of love and hate. Such poems alluded to facts and figures of the life he lived. In addition, he wrote poems of satire, appraise, and elegy. Furthermore, he was the first to initiate the art of poetical theatre. Again, most characters were portrayed as animals. When he returned from exile, he was warmly and passionately welcomed by masses of people in Alexandria and later in Cairo. He was deeply impressed by this welcome. He became closer and closer to popular feelings and more concerned and involved in the causes and problems of the people. He thus truly deserved to be known as the "Poet of Arabism and Islam". Upon the publication of the second edition of Shawqi's collection "Al-Shawqiyat", a celebration was held in his honor on April 2, 1927, where Shawqi was named as Poet- Laureate. Envoys from various Arab and Islamic countries came to congratulate and response to a call addressed by a committee representing the Arab nation, expounding the favorable impact of Shawqi's poetic achievements on the rejuvenation of the Arabic language, which constitutes a strong common linking bond for all Arab countries. The call also pointed out that Shawqi's production of poetry has never been forced out, but rather came as a free and spontaneous expression of his own innermost feelings as affected by events in the Arab World. As evidence, much of his poetry had been circulated far and wide and frequently recited by all Arabic-speaking people. He, thus, well deserved to be crowned as the prince of poetry and poets (Poet-Laureate). Shawqi passed away on the 14 of October, 1932. To many, he was the single greatest recent poets. His contribution and work will forever impact the Arabic literacy and his memory will remain in the hearts of the entire Arab world. He left behind an immensely rich legacy of immortal poetry. "Shawqi's prose writings, such as Aswaq Al Thahab "Gold Markets" contain many thoughtful statements which have been since then widely known as wise sayings. Following are examples of these sayings: He who oppresses with a rightful weapon will be oppressed with a wrongful weapon. When people brag, they lend to a cat a tiger's mustache. Doomed to perdition is a nation that by an individual survives and dies. Underwater, all depths are alike. Val our may require one be a coward for an hour. A woman- half learnt-look prettier, a man-half ignorant-look uglier. A wise man, while un-forgetful of life is mindful of death. You may be cured of illness by protection, but cannot escape death until you have met it. He who delves deep in human souls will never again rise. Brimful prisons are doomed to burst out." (Al-Majid). Bibliography -Glimpses of Ahmad Shawqi's Life and Poems-. - Egypt Magazine-. http://www.sis.gov.eg/public/magazine/iss019e/html/art07txt.htm. Rashid Al Roussan. "'Prince of Poets' remembered." Star: 11/05/2000. -Ahmad Shawqi Museum- http://www.sis.gov.eg/egyptinf/culture/html/sawki001.htm. ـــAhmad Abed al-Majid" .ـــAhmad Shawqi, al-shair al-insan". Dar al- Maarif: 1992.