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Ahmed Shawqi

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					   ‫﴿ بـســم اهلل الرمحــن الرحــيــم ﴾‬




‫‪Ahmed‬‬                             ‫‪Shawqi‬‬
    Full Name                         AHMAD SHAWQI

 Parent's name           Father's Name              Mother's Name
 (at least one of
                             SHAWQI
       both)

 Date of Birth or           Date of Birth                 Age
        Age                (DD/MM/YYYY)
 (at least one of
       both)                   29/10/1950                  53


  Place of birth                            EGYPT

      Place of
 residence before
                                            IRAQ
    the crisis /
conflict / disaster

     Country                                IRAQ




        AHMED SHAWQI IS ONE OF THE MOST PROMINENT
    FIGURES IN RECENT ARABIC HISTORY. HE IS MOST KNOWN AS
    A GREAT POET, BUT THE FACT IS THAT HE WAS ALSO A LEADER
    OF THE PEOPLE. HIS POETRY REVOLUTIONIZED THE MAJOR
    GENRES AND THEMES OF MODERN ARABIC POETRY. HE WAS
    NAMED “THE PRINCE OF POETS.” THE IRONY IS THAT IT WAS
    NOT BECAUSE OF HIS MARVELOUS ABILITIES WAS HE GIVEN
    THAT NAME, BUT BECAUSE OF THE ROYAL DESCENT.



Ahmad Shawqi was born in Cairo in 1868 to a middle class family
which was related to the royal family. He was raised by his
grandmother since his infancy and until he reached the age of 14. As
soon as Ahmad Shawqi graduated from secondary school, Khedive
Abbas - the prince of Egypt - employed him in his Royal Bureau.
After working for a year, Khedive decided that Shawqi should be
sent to attend Law School for three years in Paris, France. It is then
when his gift in composing poetry first became apparent. He
graduated on the 18th of July, 1893. He stayed in Paris an additional
six months after he graduated to explore the French art and
literature.

                  Shawqi returned to Egypt and started a career as a
           poet. The first collection of his poems was published in a
           printed format in the year 1898. It was meant to be the first
           part of a collection named “Al-Shawqiyat.”



           After the break of the First World War, Shawqi was exiled
          to Barcelona, Spain because of his popularity and his weight
          to the Egyptian population; he opposed the English
          colonialism of Egypt. His poems of that were directed against
          the English had sound and clear effects.



                   All through the five years of his exile, Shawqi was
          singing the praise of his home country and Arab civilization. It
          was during this period that he wrote his reputed Andalusia
          nostalgic poems expressing his deep longing for home. He
          wrote hundreds of poems, innovative and unprecedented. He is
          most famous for his poems that are narrated through animal
          figures. His poems spoke of freedom and slavery; of
          nationality and society; of strength and weakness; of unity and
          disorder; of love and hate. Such poems alluded to facts and
          figures of the life he lived. In addition, he wrote poems of
          satire, appraise, and elegy. Furthermore, he was the first to
          initiate the art of poetical theatre. Again, most characters were
          portrayed as animals.



             When he returned from exile, he was warmly and
           passionately welcomed by masses of people in Alexandria
           and later in Cairo. He was deeply impressed by this welcome.
           He became closer and closer to popular feelings and more
           concerned and involved in the causes and problems of the
           people. He thus truly deserved to be known as the "Poet of
           Arabism and Islam".



                Upon the publication of the second edition of
          Shawqi's collection "Al-Shawqiyat", a celebration was held in
          his honor on April 2, 1927, where Shawqi was named as Poet-
    Laureate. Envoys from various Arab and Islamic countries
    came to congratulate and response to a call addressed by a
    committee representing the Arab nation, expounding the
    favorable impact of Shawqi's poetic achievements on the
    rejuvenation of the Arabic language, which constitutes a
    strong common linking bond for all Arab countries.



        The call also pointed out that Shawqi's production of
    poetry has never been forced out, but rather came as a free
    and spontaneous expression of his own innermost feelings as
    affected by events in the Arab World. As evidence, much of
    his poetry had been circulated far and wide and frequently
    recited by all Arabic-speaking people. He, thus, well
    deserved to be crowned as the prince of poetry and poets
    (Poet-Laureate).

          Shawqi passed away on the 14 of October, 1932. To
     many, he was the single greatest recent poets. His
     contribution and work will forever impact the Arabic
     literacy and his memory will remain in the hearts of the
     entire Arab world. He left behind an immensely rich legacy
     of immortal poetry.

        "Shawqi's prose writings, such as Aswaq Al Thahab
                                               "Gold
                                               Markets"
                                               contain many
                                               thoughtful
                                               statements
                                               which have
                                               been since
                                               then widely
                                               known as wise
                                               sayings.
                                               Following are
                                               examples of
                                               these sayings:




   He who oppresses with a rightful weapon will be
       oppressed with a wrongful weapon.
            When people brag, they lend to a cat a tiger's
              mustache.

            Doomed to perdition is a nation that by an individual
              survives and dies.

            Underwater, all depths are alike.

            Val our may require one be a coward for an hour.

            A woman- half learnt-look prettier, a man-half
              ignorant-look uglier.

            A wise man, while un-forgetful of life is mindful of
              death.

            You may be cured of illness by protection, but cannot
              escape death until you have met it.

            He who delves deep in human souls will never again
              rise.

            Brimful prisons are doomed to burst out." (Al-Majid).




Bibliography
-Glimpses of Ahmad Shawqi's Life and Poems-. - Egypt Magazine-.
http://www.sis.gov.eg/public/magazine/iss019e/html/art07txt.htm.

Rashid Al Roussan. "'Prince of Poets' remembered." Star: 11/05/2000.

-Ahmad Shawqi Museum-

http://www.sis.gov.eg/egyptinf/culture/html/sawki001.htm.

‫ـــ‬Ahmad Abed al-Majid‫" .ـــ‬Ahmad Shawqi, al-shair al-insan". Dar al-
Maarif: 1992.

				
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