Spain Geographically separated from continental Europe by the Pyrenees, Spain is one of the oldest inhabited regions on the planet. Colonized, invaded and ruled by many cultures over the centuries, its survived its share of military dictatorships and internal war to become one of the major players on the world stage. Spain is famous for bullfights, the resorts of the Costa del Sol, flamenco dancing, great food and weather, museums, the stylish cities of Barcelona and Madrid, a wide variety of wines, and of course...the friendly, gregarious Spanish people. Spain, justifiably so, enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers, and is one of (if not the) most visited country. The Spain pages are currently being revised, but you can find additional information about this fascinating country Quick Facts and Figures Official Name Kingdom of Spain Capital City Madrid (5.13 million) Languages Castilian (official), plus the (3) recognized regional languages of Basque, Catalan and Galecian Latitude/Longitude 40° 00'N, 4° 00'W Official Currency: the Euro, Religions Catholic Population 41,547,000 Land Area 499,440 sq km (192,584 sq miles) Landforms Spain is dominated by a central, elevated plateau (The Meseta), averaging 2,000 ft. (610m). It's surrounded by mountains. In the northeast the Pyrenees (with many peaks over 9,000 ft.) form Spain's border with France and the rest of Europe. The lower Cantabrian Mountains cover the northwestern coastal areas. To the immediate north of Madrid, the Sierra de Gredos and Sierra de Guadarrama mountain ranges stretch from Portugal to the Mediterranean Sea. In the south, the Sierra Morena and Sierra Nevada ranges dominate the landscape. The highest point is Mt. Mulhacen, at 11,408 ft. (3,482m). Major rivers include the Douro, Ebro, Guadiana, Guadalquivir and Tagus Land Divisions 19 autonomous communities, including: Andalucia, Aragon, Asturias, Baleares (Balearic Islands), Ceuta, Canarias (Canary Islands), Cantabria, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y Leon, Cataluna, Communidad Valencian, Extremadura, Galicia, La Rioja, Madrid, Melilla, Murcia, Navarra, and Pais Vasco (Basque Country).