Docstoc

Michiel Jak - Club of Amsterdam

Document Sample
Michiel Jak - Club of Amsterdam Powered By Docstoc
					                 Energy for the 21th Century
     “Sustainable sources in a virtual power plant environment”


                            Dr. Michiel Jak
                     Managing Senior Consultant
                 Skill Center Sustainability&Hydrogen
                  Altran Technologies Netherlands BV



                                                        SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

11
     Global warming is reaching the point of no return
     The danger point will be reached when temperatures rise by two
     degrees celsius above the average world temperature prevailing in
     1750, before the industrial revolution.

     The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere after which
     the two degree rise will become inevitable is 400 ppm of CO2.

     In 10 years or less the catastrophic
     point-of-no-return may be reached
     (24/01/05: Meeting The Climate Challenge)




                                                               SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

21
                 Energy for the 21th Century
     “Sustainable sources in a virtual power plant environment”


                            Dr. Michiel Jak
                     Managing Senior Consultant
                 Skill Center Sustainability&Hydrogen
                  Altran Technologies Netherlands BV



                                                        SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

31
     Outline


      Current or short-term issues on global scale:
      •    There is a severe environmental issue
      •    There is an increasing energy demand
      •    There is an old-fashioned energy infrastructure
      •    There is an unstable primary energy market
      •    There is a mid to long term shortage of primary energy


      Possible solutions comprise (combinations of):
          Increase over-all efficiency energy supply
          Reduction of energy consumption
          Increase share renewables
          Radically improve grid architecture
          Cost reduction




                                                             SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

41
     Traditional Infrastructure Facts:

      Global transmission&distribution losses account for 11,6% of the
        total power supply. This equals:
      the total electricity consumption of Germany+France+Spain+UK
     or
      the total energy consumption of the global transportation sector

      T&D costs are 30% of the kWh price
      T&D congestion results in power failure (USA, Italy 2003)
      Central power plants do not use the generated heat and thus waste
       about 70% of fuel energy
      Central power plants are vulnerable to forces of nature and terrorist
       attacks
      93% of the world’s power production is centrally produced (NL 60%)
      Traditional power infrastructure is expensive
      Up to 50% CO2 reduction using DG

                     Next generation power production:
          decentralized generation including renewables and CHP

                                                               SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

51
     DG Economics I:


      Assets fully utilized a few hours per year




                                                   SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

61
     DG Economics II:




                        SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

71
     The Issue with Renewables:


      Liberalization of the electricity market and increased “greenness” of
      the electricity generation affect the power quality and security of
      supply.



                                                       surplus


      balance


                                                      shortage


                                      time




                                                                 SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

81
      Financial aspect grid failure:

                                    Industry      Average Cost Downtime
                       Cellular Communications        $ 41,000/hour
                        Telephone Ticket Sales        $ 72,000/hour
                           Airline Reservations       $ 90,000/hour
                        Credit Card Operations       $ 2,580,000/hour
                         Brokerage Operations        $ 6,480,000/hour




     Reliability and Distributed Generation
     ADL White Paper, 2000


                                                                        SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

91
      Discontinuity renewables:
                         Electrochemical
                              Windside Ltd.
                         Battery
                         Supercaps
                         Regenerative fuel
                         cell



            production        storage                      use



       Unpredictable:    Hydrogen production     Hydrogen conversion:
                         using electrolysis or
       PV                                        Fuel cell
                         reforming
       Wind                                      Gas turbine
                         Storage:
       Wave                                      ICEOcean Power Delivery Ltd.
                         Compression
       Predictable:
                         Liquefaction            Marine Current Turbines Ltd.
       Tidal
                         Metalhydrides
       Biomass
                         Carbons
       Clean Fossil                                                  SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

101
      Sustainable hydrogen:




        Non-sustainable hydrogen can be made using:
         nuclear energy
         reforming fossil fuels
         electrolysis using “grey electricity”
                                                      SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

111
      Virtual Power Plant




                            Renewable Energy World, Dec 2002
                                                               SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

121
      Virtual Power Plant



       The Virtual Power Plant is technology neutral and can be used with
        all types of generation and storage assets
       Used in a variety of applications: distributed generation, village
        power, cogeneration, peak shaving, base-load, and more
       Fast response to consumption fluctuations in comparison with
        central power plant
       Integration decentralized power production
       Optimal locations can be selected
       Facilitating for hydrogen-based technologies
       Efficiency increase using “Cascading”




                                                              SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

131
      DG infrastructure




                          SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

141
      Sustainable Island I:
                                   sustainable
         MCT
                                    transport

                                                 µ-CHP
        VAWT           fly wheel



                                hydrogen
         PV


                              gas turbine         grid
        biomass


        natural
          gas


      solar-therm                                district
                                                 heating
                      storage

                                                            SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

151
      Sustainable Island II:
        Combination of (un)predictable sources, storage and
        conventional power units/VPP


                        Predictable biomass




                        VPP + conventional




                   Including long-term buffering
                   Including renewable sources
                  Production short-term buffering

                                                         SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

161
      Conclusion:

            Electrical infrastructure becomes digital!




            Reliable, “Self healing” grid
            Efficient, affordable, sustainable and flexible


                                                               SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

171
      Contact



                              Michiel Jak
                Skill Center Sustainability & Hydrogen
                Altran Technologies Netherlands BV
                          De Fruittuinen 30
                         2132 NZ Hoofddorp
                        +31-23-5694090 (tel)
                         JAK@altran-tech.nl




                 SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN


                                                          SKILL CENTER SUSTAINABILITY & HYDROGEN

181

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:14
posted:4/12/2012
language:English
pages:18