USA Quick Quiz: New Deal Evaluation &
1. How successful was the New Deal? Gave people hope and jobs
Immediate help to starving and unemployed
TVA transformed the Tennessee Valley
Gave people back a sense of worth
Protected democracy in the USA
Protected workers rights
Pensions and unemployment benefits
2. What were the failures of the New Deal?
Failed to end the depression (ended because of WW2)
Did not create sustainable jobs (mini Roosevelt recession)
3. Who was opposed to the New Deal?
Republicans, Businessmen, Democrats, Individuals, Supreme Court
4. Why were Republicans opposed to the New Deal?
traditional opponents of the Democrats
represented the rich and big business
FDR and the Federal government had too much power
Undermining rugged individualism
5. Why were some Democrats opposed to the New Deal?
Conservative Democrats (southern farming areas), Wagner Act
6. Why did Huey Long oppose the New Deal?
FDR had failed to share out the nation’s wealth
7. How did Huey Long threaten FDR and the New Deal?
“Every man a king” to confiscate the money from the rich
“Share or Wealth” clubs, support of millions
7.5 million votes 1936 presidential election (FDR = 28 m)
8. What were the key features of Father Charles Coughlin’s opposition?
New Deal had not done enough
Promised work and a fair wage for all
Called FDR “anti-God”
40 million listened to his radio broadcasts
9. In what ways did Dr Francis Townshend oppose the New Deal?
“Old Age Revolving Pension Plan” (aka) Townshend Clubs
2% tax to give $200 to over 60s (creating job vacancies)
10. What is the name of the court that controls presidential power? Supreme Court
11. Why did the Supreme Court oppose the New Deal?
Dominated by Republicans
Alphabet Agencies were unconstitutional
FDR had exceeded his powers (as president)
The “Sick Chickens” case (NRA acting unconstitutionally)
US v Butler case (AAA illegal)
Extension of federal powers (at the expense of states’ rights)
FDR’s attempts to reform the Supreme Court (with Democrats)