U1 by tangshuming

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 97

									                   Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




1. An English Song

      ABC

      Questions about the Song

2. Word-web

3. Blank-filling

4. Active Vocabulary and Passive Vocabulary

5. Discussion
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                 ABC




             ■
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                           Questions about the Song


1. How many years have you been learning English?
2. What do you think of yourself as far as English learning is concerned? Are you
   satisfied with the progress you have made? Why or why not?
                              Before Reading   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   After Reading



                                        Word-web
Directions: Find as many words as possible about English learning.

                                                       listening
                                  VOA

                                                                           speaking
                   BBC

                               English Learning

                 electronic
                 dictionary                                            reading


                                  English
                                  corner                        writing
                                Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



                                         Blank-filling
Directions: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks.
                         English As an International Language
                                              existing
     International languages include both _______ languages that have become
                                                           __________________
international means of communication and languages artificially constructed to serve
this purpose. The most famous and __________ artificial international language is
                                       widespread
Esperanto; however, the most widespread international language is not artificial.
Today, English is used in more countries as an       official
                                                    _______
                                                         language or as the main means
of international communication than any other language.              Worldwide
                                                                     _________ over 1.4
                                                            status
billion people live in countries where English has official _____ . One out of five of the
world’s population speaks some English. And at _______ one in five is learning
                                                     present
English. About ____ of the world’s _____ is written in English. And 90% of all
                   85%                  mail
information in the world’s electronic _______ systems is stored in English.
                                      retrieval

                            ■
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                Active Vocabulary and Passive Vocabulary


Question: According to the passage, what is active vocabulary and passive
vocabulary respectively?



  Even native speakers of a language have both an active and a passive
  vocabulary. Active vocabulary consists of the words you use frequently
  and comfortably in speaking and writing, while passive vocabulary
  consists of the words you recognize when you read and listen.
  Therefore, when you encounter a new word or expression that you
  want to learn, you have to decide whether you want to be able to
  recognize it again or to make it part of your “active” vocabulary.

                       ■
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                                       Discussion

1) Do you think it useful to learn English with the help of some strategies?

2) What strategies do you think can be employed in English learning?
                          Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




Suggested Strategies:
  Make your own opportunities for practice in using the language inside and
1._______________________________________________________________
  outside the classroom.
  _______________________________________________________________
Specific ways:
     1)_____________________________________________________
       Ask your teacher questions before, during and after class.
       Speak to a foreigner.
     2)_____________________________________________________
       Listen to an English radio program.
     3)_____________________________________________________
        Watch an English movie.
     4)_____________________________________________________
        Read an English article on the Internet.
     5)_____________________________________________________
     6)_____________________________________________________
        Use English software.
2. __________________________________________________________
   Be willing to make mistakes in order to learn or communicate.
3. __________________________________________________________
   Use context to understand.
               Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




1. True or False

2. Questions and Answers

3. Multiple Choice

4. Discourse Analysis

5. Role Play
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



                                     True or False
Directions: Decide whether the following statements about the text are true or false.

1. Language learners should memorize all the new words. ( F )
  While active words demand constant practice and memorization, words that do
  not often occur in everyday situations require just a nodding acquaintance.


2. It’s impossible to cram too many words into your head at a time. ( T )




3. The meaning of a word and the way native speakers use it are equally
   important. ( T )
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading     After Reading




4. Listening to English occasionally will improve your ear and speaking skills.( F )
  One must listen to English on a regular basis.

5. It’s important to catch every detail in English listening comprehension. ( F )
  The first time one may not catch a great deal, but with each repetition one will get
  something more.
6. Language learners do not find many opportunities to practice oral English at
   school. ( T )


7. Rehearsing aloud is a useful way to practice spoken English.             ( T )
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




8. Reading is the only reliable source of language input.        ( F )
   Reading is the main and most reliable source of language input.


9. There are various ways like keeping an English diary or writing to a pen pal to
   keep writing in English regularly. ( T )



10. Reading and listening are more important in language learning than speaking
    and writing. ( F )
    A balance between input and output is important.
                        Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                        Questions and Answers

1) What is your definition of “language learning strategy”?
2) Can we treat all new words in the same way? If no, how to divide new words
    into different categories, which deserve different treatment?
3) What does the author want to tell us in Paragraph 4?
   Do you know the different meanings of the following two sentences?
   A) Besides Tom, everybody here has been to Beijing.
   B) Except Tom, everybody here has been to Beijing.
4) What should you do if you cannot understand very well the English
   conversation or passage in a tape?
5) If there is no partner, how could you practice speaking English?
                          Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




6) Do you agree with the author that in our learning environment reading is the
   main and most reliable source of language input? Why?
7) What should be taken into consideration when you choose reading materials?
8) According to the text, could you make a list of all that you can write regularly?
9) Do you have a pen pal? If yes, what do you often write to him or her?
10) What is the relationship between reading, listening, speaking and writing?
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



                                     Multiple Choice
Directions: Choose ONE best answer to complete the sentence.
             1. In the first sentence, “by no means” means ____.
         KEY     A) without method
                 B) not at all
                 C) absolutely
                 D) above all
          2. According to the author, in order to have a good command of English
             one must ____.
        KEY  A) employ as many learning strategies as possible
              B) expect to gain an easier task
              C) exert oneself constantly
              D) sustain oneself
                      Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




  3. In the author’s opinion, if you cannot memorize all the new words you
     are learning, it is because _____.
KEY
     A) you are forgetful
     B) you are not working hard enough
     C) you are not interested in memorizing English words
     D) you are trying to memorize too many new words at a time

  4. As for words which do not often occur in everyday situation, you just
     need to be able to ____.
KEY  A) recognize them
     B) nod at them
     C) concentrate much on them
     D) practice using them constantly
                      Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




   5. If you listen to the tape again and again, you may ____.
KEY A) want to retell the general meaning of what you hear from the tape

     B) feel so bored that you cannot understand what you hear from the tape
     C) understand what you hear from the tape better and better
     D) repeat the exact words you hear from the tape

    6. According to the text, which of the following is NOT one of the possible
       activities for you to practice speaking English at school?
KEY   A) To talk to native speakers on campus.
      B) To speak English to the waitress in English as you pay for a meal in a
          restaurant.
      C) To rehearse aloud by yourself.
      D) To talk with your classmates in English.
                      Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




  7. In the eyes of the author, one should start from ______ in wide reading.
KEY A) interesting materials


     B) books with very few pages
     C) materials not too difficult
     D) both A and C

  8. A pen pal provides good motivation for your writing because he or she
     ____.
KEY
    A) lives far away from you
     B) knows China a lot so that you can have a lot to talk about
     C) also keeps a diary
     D) may inform you of many interesting things in his or her culture
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                              Discourse Analysis

    A strategy refers to a set of carefully planned methods for achieving something
that is difficult and may take a long time.
    In introducing some strategies, the author adopts the structure of Problem—
Strategy within a paragraph to show us the problems in English learning and then
proposes strategies to solve the problems. Please scan the text for some examples
of the Problem—Strategy structure.
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




          Problems                                         Strategies
  It is impossible to memorize all the
1.___________________________                   Deal with active vocabulary and
                                              1.___________________________
  new words you are learning.
  ___________________________                   passive vocabulary differently.
                                                ___________________________

  You don’t know the idiomatic usage
2.____________________________                2._____________________________
                                                Watch out for not only the meaning
  of some words.
  ____________________________                  _____________________________
                                                of a word but also the way it is used
                                                _____________________________
                                                in daily life.
3.____________________________
  You may not be able to catch a lot             Listen to it over and over again.
                                              3.___________________________
  ____________________________
  after listening to a passage for the
  ____________________________
  first time.

4._____________________________
   There are few situations for you to           Seize every opportunity to speak
                                              4.___________________________
  _____________________________
   practice speaking English at school.          English with or without a partner.
                                                ___________________________
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                                       Role Play

Form a group of four. One student plays as an English teacher to give some
English learning strategies to the other three students, who complain to him or her
about the problems they have encountered in English learning.
                        Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




   As we are at the start of the course, this seems a good moment to offer
some advice on how to make the task of learning English easier.
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                        Some Strategies for Learning English

    Learning English is by no means easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged
effort.
    Nevertheless, while you cannot expect to gain a good command of English
without sustained hard work, there are various helpful learning strategies you can
employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them.




     Sentence    Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




    1.   Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with
too many new words at a time, some of them are bound
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

     Sentence    Word
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




     2. Watch out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered
why we say, “I am interested in English”, but “I am good at French”? And have
you ever asked yourself why native English speakers say, “learn the news or
secret”, but “learn of someone’s success or arrival”? These are all examples of
idiomatic usage. In learning English, you must pay attention not only to the
meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives.
     3. Listen to English every day. Listening to English on a regular basis will
not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills. In
addition to language tapes especially prepared for your course, you can also
listen to English radio broadcasts, watch English TV, and see English movies.
The first time you listen to a taped conversation or
passage in English, you may not be able to catch a great
deal. Try to get its general meaning first and listen to it
over and over again. You will find that with each repetition
you will get something more.
    Sentence     Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




     4. Seize opportunities to speak. It is true that there are few situations at
school where you have to communicate in English, but you can seek out
opportunities to practice speaking the language. Talking with your classmates,
for example, can be an easy and enjoyable way to get some practice. Also try to
find native speakers on your campus and feel free to talk with them. Perhaps the
easiest way to practice speaking is to rehearse aloud,
since this can be done at any time, in any place, and
without a partner. For instance, you can look at pictures
or objects around you and try to describe them in detail.
You can also rehearse everyday situations. After you
have made a purchase in a shop or finished a meal in a
restaurant and paid the check, pretend that all this
happened in an English-speaking country and try to act it
out in English.

    Sentence    Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




    5. Read widely. It is important to read widely because in our learning
environment, reading is the main and most reliable source of language input.
When you choose reading materials, look for things that you find interesting,
that you can understand without relying too much on a dictionary. A page a day
is a good way to start. As you go on, you will find that you can do more pages a
day and handle materials at a higher level of difficulty.




    Sentence    Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




     6. Write regularly. Writing is a good way to practice
what you already know. Apart from compositions
assigned by your teacher, you may find your own reasons
for writing. A pen pal provides good motivation; you will
learn a lot by trying to communicate with someone who
shares your interests, but comes from a different culture.
Other ways to write regularly include keeping a diary,
writing a short story and summarizing the daily news.
     Language learning is a process of accumulation. It pays to absorb as much as
you can from reading and listening and then try to put what you have learned into
practice through speaking and writing.




    Sentence    Word
                              Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                         Some Strategies for Learning English

    Learning English is by no means easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged
   What
effort. is the implied meaning of these two sentences?
      On the one hand, the author cannot expect to
    Nevertheless, while youstates the fact that Englishgain a good command of English
      learning is a very difficult task; on the other hand, the
without sustained hard work, there are various helpful learning strategies you can
      author foreshadows that some strategies are needed to
employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them.
      help us fulfill the tough task.




      Sentence    Word
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                        Some Strategies for Learning English

    Learning English is by no means easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged
   Paraphrase the sentence.
effort.
    Although you have to work hard continually in order to
    Nevertheless, while you cannot expect to gain a good command of English
    be good at English, you can also make use of some
                                                are
without sustained hard work, there goal. various helpful learning strategies you can
    learning strategies to help you attain your
employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them.




     Sentence    Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




    1.     Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
   Translate the find it simply impossible to memorize all
because yousentence into Chinese.
the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
      如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。
your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with
too many new words at a time, some of them are bound
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

     Sentence    Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




    1.     Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
   1. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
       你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。
the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
   2. memory structure of fault. If you
your Analyze the that is at the sentence. cram your head with
      what new words 是一个名词短语作主语,to deal with 是动
too manyyou need to do at a time, some of them are bound
to be词不定式作表语。what 可引导类似的名词短语,例如: to deal with
       crowded out. What you need to do is
      Your health is what we really care about。
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

     Sentence    Word
                                  Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



 1. What does the author mean by “a nodding acquaintance”?
      This phrase is used as a metaphor. An acquaintance
      refers to someone we know slightly but who is not a close
    1.      Do we treat all a greeting when exactly the
      friend. So notonly nod asnew words in we see him or same
        Have you ever relationship is about your memory
way. her. This interpersonal complainedused to interpret the
      attitude we find     simply impossible to occur in
because you shouldithold to words that do not oftenmemorize all
      everyday situations.
the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
  2. Paraphrase the sentence.
your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with
     We should often practice the use of active words, those
           new words at everyday use, and them heart
too many frequently occur ina time, some of learn byare bound
     which
      crowded words, while we need to recognize those
to bethose useful out. What you only need do is to deal with
      words in occur less frequently in everyday situations.
new words whichdifferent ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
  3. While active words demand
use.Analyze the structure of the sentence. constant practice and useful words must be
     while引导的两个并列的转折关系从句直到 memory not often
committed to memory, words that do 结束,与随后的 occur in everyday situations
     主句构成对比,从而对比了对待两类词汇的不同方式。 while作为连
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
     词意思有:与此同时,然而,虽然等。本句中 while可译为“然而”。
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

      Sentence       Word
                               Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




       2. Watch out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered
why we say, “I am interested in English”, but “I am good at French”? And have
you ever asked yourself why native English speakers say, “learn the news or
secret”, but “learn of someone’s success or arrival”? These are all examples of
  1. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
idiomatic usage. In learning English, you must pay attention not only to the
      在学习英语时,你不仅必须注意词义,还必须注意以英语为母语的
meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives.
      人在日常生活中如何使用它。
  2. Analyze the structure of the sentence.day. Listening to English on a regular basis will
       3. Listen to English every
      only improve your 连接了两个并列的名词性结构作动词
not 本句用not only…but also ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills. In
      短语的宾语,第二个结构中存在一个定语从句the way in which
addition to language tapes especially prepared for your course, you can also
      native speakers use it in their daily lives,原文中省略了in
      which English radio broadcasts, watch English TV, and see English movies.
listen to 。
The first time you listen to a taped conversation or
passage in English, you may not be able to catch a great
deal. Try to get its general meaning first and listen to it
over and over again. You will find that with each repetition
you will get something more.
     Sentence      Word
                               Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




      2. Watch out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered
why we say, “I am interested in English”, but “I am good at French”? And have
you ever asked yourself why native English speakers say, “learn the news or
secret”, but “learn of someone’s success or arrival”? These are all examples of
  1. What can we infer from the sentence?
                           learning English, you must
idiomatic usage. In contributive to the development of pay attention not only to the
     Listening practice is
meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives.
     both listening and speaking skills.
  2. Paraphrase the phrase “improve one’s ear”. Listening to English on a regular basis will
      3. Listen to English every day.
      only improve your ear, but will also may you
not “Ear” here means sense of hearing. This phrasehelp be build your speaking skills. In
     paraphrased as “develop one’s especially prepared for your course, you can also
addition to language tapes listening competence”.
listen to English radio broadcasts, watch English TV, and see English movies.
The first time you listen to a taped conversation or
passage in English, you may not be able to catch a great
deal. Try to get its general meaning first and listen to it
over and over again. You will find that with each repetition
you will get something more.
     Sentence      Word
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




      4. Seize opportunities to speak. It is true that there are few situations at
school where you have to communicate in English, but you can seek out
opportunities to practice speaking the language. Talking with your classmates,
  1. example, sentence into Chinese.
for Translate thecan be an easy and enjoyable way to get some practice. Also try to
      native speakers on your campus and feel free
find 的确,在学校里必须用英语进行交流的场合并不多,但你还是可以 to talk with them. Perhaps the
     找到练习讲英语的机会。
                 to practice speaking
easiest way structure of the sentence. is to rehearse aloud,
  2. Analyze the
since this can be done at any time, in any place, and
     It is true…but… 建立的是让步状语从句结构,语气上比单纯由
                       For instance, you can look
without a partner. but 所引导的让步状语从句强烈一些。 at pictures
     although/though 或
or objects around you and try to describe them in detail.
You can also rehearse everyday situations. After you
have made a purchase in a shop or finished a meal in a
restaurant and paid the check, pretend that all this
happened in an English-speaking country and try to act it
out in English.

    Sentence     Word
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




5. Read widely. It is important to read widely because in our learning
environment, reading is the main and most reliable source of language input.
              choose reading materials, look for things that you find interesting,
When you the sentence.
  Paraphrase
that you can understand without relying too much on a dictionary. A page a day
     As you go on working like that, you will gradually improve
      good way skills and be able to read more difficult
is a your reading to start. As you go on, you will find that you can do more pages a
      and handle materials
day materials with more pages. at a higher level of difficulty.




     Sentence    Word
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




       6. Write regularly. Writing is a good way to practice
1. What you already the sentence?
what can be inferred from know. Apart from compositions
assigned by your teacher, you may find your own reasons
     Reading and listening provide language learners with
     writing. A pen speaking and writing make it possible
for language input and pal provides good motivation; you will
     for a lot make language output.
learn them toby trying to communicate with someone who
2. Translate the interests, Chinese.
shares your sentence intobut comes from a different culture.
Other ways to write regularly include keeping a diary,
     从读和听中尽量多吸收,然后再试着把学到的东西通过说和写加以运
     用,定会大有收益。
writing a short story and summarizing the daily news.
3. Analyze the structure of the sentence.
       Language learning is a process of accumulation. It pays to absorb as much as
       pays to do reading and listening and then try to put what you have learned into
youIt can fromsth.
    It is beneficial to do sth.
practice through speaking and writing.
    It pays to read as many classic works as possible.




    Sentence     Word
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                        Some Strategies for Learning English

    Learning English is by no means easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged
effort.
    Nevertheless, while you cannot expect to gain a good command of English
without sustained hard work, there are various helpful learning strategies you can
employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them.




     Sentence    Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




    1.   Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with
too many new words at a time, some of them are bound
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

     Sentence    Word
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




     2. Watch out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered
why we say, “I am interested in English”, but “I am good at French”? And have
you ever asked yourself why native English speakers say, “learn the news or
secret”, but “learn of someone’s success or arrival”? These are all examples of
idiomatic usage. In learning English, you must pay attention not only to the
meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives.
     3. Listen to English every day. Listening to English on a regular basis will
not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills. In
addition to language tapes especially prepared for your course, you can also
listen to English radio broadcasts, watch English TV, and see English movies.
The first time you listen to a taped conversation or
passage in English, you may not be able to catch a great
deal. Try to get its general meaning first and listen to it
over and over again. You will find that with each repetition
you will get something more.
    Sentence     Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




     4. Seize opportunities to speak. It is true that there are few situations at
school where you have to communicate in English, but you can seek out
opportunities to practice speaking the language. Talking with your classmates,
for example, can be an easy and enjoyable way to get some practice. Also try to
find native speakers on your campus and feel free to talk with them. Perhaps the
easiest way to practice speaking is to rehearse aloud,
since this can be done at any time, in any place, and
without a partner. For instance, you can look at pictures
or objects around you and try to describe them in detail.
You can also rehearse everyday situations. After you
have made a purchase in a shop or finished a meal in a
restaurant and paid the check, pretend that all this
happened in an English-speaking country and try to act it
out in English.

    Sentence    Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




     5. Read widely. It is important to read widely because in our learning
environment, reading is the main and most reliable source of language input.
When you choose reading materials, look for things that you find interesting,
that you can understand without relying too much on a dictionary. A page a day
is a good way to start. As you go on, you will find that you can do more pages a
day and handle materials at a higher level of difficulty.




    Sentence    Word
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




     6. Write regularly. Writing is a good way to practice
what you already know. Apart from compositions
assigned by your teacher, you may find your own reasons
for writing. A pen pal provides good motivation; you will
learn a lot by trying to communicate with someone who
shares your interests, but comes from a different culture.
Other ways to write regularly include keeping a diary,
writing a short story and summarizing the daily news.
     Language learning is a process of accumulation. It pays to absorb as much as
you can from reading and listening and then try to put what you have learned into
practice through speaking and writing.




    Sentence    Word
                                     Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




by no means: not at all
                              Some Strategies for Learning English
 S   This is by no means out of the ordinary.
 S  Learning English is by no means easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged
    我对目前的表现一点也不满意。
effort. by no means satisfied with my
  T I am
    Nevertheless, while you cannot expect to gain a good command of English
    present performance.
without sustained hard work, there are various helpful learning strategies you can
employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them.
 Collocation:

      by means of                               以… ,借着…
      by all means                              无论如何, 务必
      by fair means or foul                     不择手段地
      by no means/not by any                    决不,一点也不
      means/by no manner of means



       Sentence        Word
                                      Before Reading    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




 prolonged: adj. continuing for a long period of time
                              Some Strategies for Learning English
   S   A prolonged period of low interest rates has discouraged
       people to save their money into the bank.
    Learning English is by no means easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged
 NB: prolonged是过去分词作形容词用,它的动词原型是prolong,
effort.
      意为“延长、拖延”。例如:他又问了她一个问题,仅仅是为了延
      长 谈 话 时 间 。 He while you cannot expect to
    Nevertheless, asked her another question just to gain a good command of English
without sustained hard work, there are various helpful learning strategies you can
      prolong the conversation.
employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them.




        Sentence       Word
                                     Before Reading      Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




sustained: adj. continuing for a long time
                              Some Strategies for Learning English
 S   The conference discussion focuses on
     the sustained development of
     Learning English is by no means
     agriculture.                                     easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged
effort.
     sustained是过去分词作形容词用,它的动词原型是sustain to
 NB:Nevertheless, while you cannot expect ,意 gain a good command of English
     为“支撑、维持”。例如:在医院里,惟一让我支撑下去的就是
without sustained hard work, there are various helpful learning strategies you can
     回家的想法。The thought           getting home
employ to make the me inofeasier. Here was the onlyof them.
     thing that sustained
                          task the hospital.  are some




       Sentence        Word
                                     Before Reading    Global Reading     Detailed Reading   After Reading


employ: vt.
 1) pay someone to work for you
                              Some Strategies for Learning English
 S  The factory employs over 2000 people.
 2) use a particular object, method, skill, etc. in order to achieve
    something English is by no means easy. It takes
     Learning                                                           great diligence and prolonged
effort.The report examines teaching methods employed in the
     S
       classroom.
 S
      Nevertheless, while you
      这种设备使用激光束制作电脑芯片。            cannot expect to gain a good command of English
           sustained hard work, there are various
withoutequipment employs laser beams to make the computerhelpful learning strategies you can
 T The
employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them.
    chips.
     CF: employ, hire & engage
         这三个词都是动词,都有“雇用”之意。
  employ 表示支付薪水,较长期、固定地雇用某人。例如:
  S   Hotels employ more women than men.
  T 宾馆雇用的女性要比男性多。




         Sentence      Word
                                     Before Reading      Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




 hire 表示支付一定钱额,雇用某人短期从事某项工作。例如:
   S I hired a bricklayer to build a wall on the balcony.
                              Some Strategies for           Learning English
  T 我雇了个泥瓦匠在阳台上砌了一堵墙。

 engage 表示任命、安排某人从事某项工作。例如:
   Learning English is by no means                    easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged
  S The boss has engaged a new secretary.
effort.
    T 那个老板又雇了个秘书。
     Nevertheless, while you cannot expect to gain a good command of English
  Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the
without sustained hard work, there are various helpful learning strategies you can
               form where necessary.
employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them.
                   _____
   1. We’d like to engage local people as volunteers.
                   ______
   2. The factory employs over 2000 people.
   3. The rest of the staff have been ____ on short-term
                                        hired
      contracts.
                                _______
  4. The approaches and methods employed in the study are
     proved successful.




      Sentence        Word
                                   Before Reading    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




complain:
    1.      Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
vi. express dissatisfaction, unhappiness, annoyance or pain
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
 S He constantly complains about how he's treated at work.
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
 Pattern: complain you are learning?
the new words(to sb.) about/of sb./sth. But, in fact, it is not
 S 街坊邻居们向警方投诉工地上传来的噪音。
your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with
tooNeighbors complained to the police about the noise from the bound
  T
     many new words at a time, some of them are
    building site.
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

      Sentence        Word
                                  Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading


memorize: vt. commit to memory; learn by heart
   S He studied his map, trying to memorize the way to Rose's
     street.
 CF: memorize, remember, recall & remind
      这四个词都是动词,均有“记忆,记住,回忆”之意。
     1.       Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
 memorize 指有意识的下功夫把某事的整个细节都记在脑子里。例如:
     Don't write you ever complained about
way. Have down your PIN number, memorize it. your memory
 S

because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
 T   不要把你的密码写下来,记住它。
the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
  remember 表示记得,多指无意识地回忆起往事。例如:
 S He remembers every at fault. occurrence as though it
your memory that isdetail of thatIf you cram your head with
toohappened yesterday. at a time, some of them are bound
      many new words
 T    那件事的前前后后他都记得一清二楚,仿佛发生在昨天一样。
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
  recall 指想方设法回忆已经遗忘之事。例如:
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
 S   I seem to recall I've met him before somewhere.
         While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
use.我好像以前在哪里见过他。
 T
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
   remind 指经某人或某事的提醒而回忆起某件已遗忘之事。例如:
     If I forget, a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
require justplease remind me.
 S

useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.
 T    如果我忘了,请提醒我。


      Sentence       Word
                                        Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




at fault: responsible for something bad that has happened
    1.      Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
 S   The police said that the driver was at fault.
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
 S 关于空气污染大多数人认为是钢铁厂的责任。
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
theAs for air pollution, most people believe that steel factoriesit is not
  T  new words you are learning? But, in fact,
    are at fault.
your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with
too many new words at a time, some of them are bound
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

         Sentence        Word
                                      Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




cram: v.
     1.      Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
 1) force (sth.) into a small space
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
 S A lot of information has been crammed into this book.
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
  2) make (sth.) full
the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
 S We all crammed in is Peter started
your memory that andat fault. If you cram your head with
      many
toothe car. new words at a time, some of them are bound
 S 三万六千名观众挤进运动场观看比赛。
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
  T 36,000 spectators crammed into according see the
new words in different ways the stadium toto how frequently they occur in everyday
     game.
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

       Sentence        Word
                                Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




bound: adj.
     1.       Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
 1) certain or very likely
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
 S I knew that the invitation was bound to come.
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
 S 你一次处理这么多事务,肯定会出错。
      new words you so many affairs at a time, mistakes
theWhen you are handling are learning? But, in fact, it is not
 T
    are bound to that is
your memoryhappen. at fault. If you cram your head with
  2) many new words at a time, some of them are bound
too obliged to do (sth.) or having the duty to do (sth.)
      S Tom felt bound to tell Joanna need to
to be crowded out. What youthe truth. do is to deal with
  3) travelling in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
new wordstowards a particular place or in a particular direction
 S The plane     bound words demand constant practice and useful words must be
use. While isactive for Somalia.
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

       Sentence          Word
                                   Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



crowd:
n. a large group of people
S There were crowds of people in the street.
v. 1.       Do not treat all new words      in exactly the same
  1) gather together large complained about your memory
way. Have youin ever numbers
 S Hundreds of people it simply the church for to memorize all
because you find crowded into impossible the funeral.
   2) new
the fill in words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
 S Range after range of mountains crowd the horizon.
your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with
too他的脑海里充满了奇怪的想法。a time, some of them are bound
 S
      many new words at
 T Strange thoughts are crowding his mind.
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
  Collocation:
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
        crowd into                    挤入
        While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
use. crowd round/around               聚集在…周围
                    memory, words 汇聚在一起 not often occur in everyday situations
committed to together
        be crowded
                                       that do
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
        crowd sb./sth. out             将某人或某物挤出
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

      Sentence       Word
                                     Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




occur: vi. happen
     1.       Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
 S   The explosion occurred at 5:30 a.m.
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
  Pattern: It
              you to somebody to impossible to memorize all
because occursfind it simplydo (sth.).
the我的孩子们似乎从来想不到和我联络。
 S    new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
  T It memory that is to my children to cram your
your never seems to occurat fault. If you contact me. head with
too many new words at a time, some of them are bound
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

        Sentence        Word
                                     Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



constant:
 adj.
 1) happening regularly or all the time
S   1.     Do constant stream of visitors to in exactly
    There was anot treat all new words the house.           the same
way. Have you ever complained about your memory
 S 她的诊室不断有家长前来求助。
 T Her clinic has find it simply impossible to help.
because you a constant stream of parents wanting memorize all
   2) new the same
the stayingwords you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with
 S The truck was travelling at a fairly constant

toospeed. new words at a time, some of them are bound
      many
  3) loyal and faithful
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
 S He is a constant friend.

  n. something that never changes such as a number how frequently they occur in everyday
new words in different ways according to or quantity.
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
 S 这一常量非常重要,因为它确定了一个原子中的一个电子轨道的大小,
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
    周期和能量。
 T This
            just a very important because it fixes the will
requireconstant isnodding acquaintance. You sizes, find concentrating on active and
    period and energy of an
                             effective route atom.
useful words the mostelectron's orbit in anto enlarging your vocabulary.

       Sentence        Word
                                  Before Reading    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



commit: v.
 1) do (sth.) wrong or illegal
S Women commit fewer crimes than men.
    1.      (sb.) will definitely new words in (sth.)
 2) say thatDo not treat all do (sth.) or must doexactly    the same
 S He Have you ever complained about your
way. has clearly committed his government to continuing memory
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
    economic reform.
      new words you are learning?
the这一奖学金要求学生们必须在公立学校授课。 But, in fact, it is not
 S

 T The scholarship commits fault. to teaching in your head
your memory that is atstudentsIf you cram public schools. with
   3) many new words or a time, some of them are bound
too pledge devotion to (sb. at sth.)
 S He crowded out. What you need to do
to be wasn't yet ready to commit to the relationship.is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

      Sentence       Word
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




 Collocation:
     commit a crime/error/        犯罪/犯错/犯谋杀罪/犯纵火罪/自杀
    1.    Do not treat all new words in exactly the same
     murder/arson/suicide
       Have you ever complained about
way. commit (sb.) to doing (sth.) 向某人承诺做某事 your memory
because you find it simply 致力于
     commit oneself to (sth.)     impossible to memorize all
     commit (sb./sth.) to are
the new words you (sth.) learning? But, in fact, it is not
                                  为某一特定目的而使用人力或物力
      memory that is at            If you
your commit (sth.) to memoryfault.把…记住 cram your head with
too many new words at a time, some of them are bound
     commit (sth.) to paper       把…写下来
       crowded to flames           need 将某物付之一炬
to becommit (sth.)out. What you烧毁某物, to do is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

       Sentence      Word
                               Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



acquaintance: n.
 1) somebody you know a little
S She was a casual acquaintance of my family in Vienna.
    1.    Do not treat
2) knowledge of sb. or sth. all new words in exactly the same
       Have passing acquaintance with about your
way. He has ayou ever complaineda lot of different memory
    S
      subjects.
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
 S 律师工作要求熟悉法庭程序。
the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
your memoryofthat is at fault. acquaintance with court
 T The practice   a lawyer requires
   procedures.
                                    If you cram your head with
too many new words at a time, some of them are bound
  Collocation:
       crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
to be casual acquaintance                偶尔见面的人
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
       make somebody's acquaintance      第一次见某人
       While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
use. mutual acquaintance                 双方都认识的人
       have a to memory,
committed passing/nodding words that do not often occur in everyday situations
                                         对…知之甚少
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
       acquaintance with sth.
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

      Sentence     Word
                                   Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



concentrate: v.
 1) give all your attention to what you are doing
S Mike tried his best to concentrate on his homework.

S   1.  Do not treat all new
    我发现刚睡醒后很难集中注意力。                   words in exactly the same
 T I find it difficult to ever complained about
way. Have you concentrate soon after waking up.your memory
 2) cause you find it to be present somewhere in large
becausepeople or things simply impossible to memorize all
     new words you
the numbers or amounts are learning? But, in fact, it is not
 S Italian industry is concentrated mainly in the
your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with
    north.
too many new words at a time, some of them are bound
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

      Sentence       Word
                               Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



 route: n. a particular way or direction between places
S Kennedy arrived at the same conclusion by a different route.

CF:
    1.      Do not treat all new words in exactly the
route, course, pass & passage 这几个词都是名词,都有“路”之意。 same
route 指路线、路程,尤指长距离的旅行路线或固定线路。例如:
                 you ever from London to about your memory
way. Have shortest route complained Edinburgh?
S What’s the
because you find it simply impossible to memorize all
 T 从伦敦到爱丁堡的最短路线怎么走?
the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not
 course 指所经之路或方向。例如:
 S The ship changed is at fault. the iceberg.
your memory thatcourse to avoidIf you cram your head with
     many new words at
too为避开冰山,轮船改变了航向。a time, some of them are bound
 T

topass 指山间隘路、山口。例如: you need to do is to deal with
   be crowded out. What
 S This pass has witnessed the death of hundreds of soldiers in
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
    the past.
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
 T 过去有数百名士兵葬身于这条关隘中。
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
  passage 指过道、走廊或通道。例如:
 S He forced a a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
require just passage through the crowd.
 T 他从人群中挤出了一条通道。
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

      Sentence      Word
                                     Before Reading    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




  Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the
              form where necessary.
     The Do not treat all new ____.
  1.1. plane deviated from its usualwords in exactly the same
                                       route
  2. Have a very dangerous ____in this mountainous
                                  pass
way.There wasyou ever complained about your memory
     area in ancient times.
  3. I know not what _____ others may take; but to memorize all
because you find it simply impossible as for me,
                       course
     new words you me learning? But, in fact, it is not
the give me liberty or giveare death!
yourWe traced out our ____ on the map. cram your head with
                         route
  4. memory that is at fault. If you
  5. Excuse me, you're blocking the ______ .
                                    passage
too many new words at a time, some of them are bound
to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with
new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday
use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be
committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations
require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and
useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary.

       Sentence        Word
                                      Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




watch out for: look out for; be on (one's) against
      2. Watch out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered
       we problems should I watch out for when buying an “I
 why What say, “I am interested in English”, but oldam good at French”? And have
    S

 you house?asked yourself why native English speakers say, “learn the news or
       ever
S 你们开会的时候当心间谍窃听。
 secret”, but “learn of someone’s success or arrival”? These are all examples of
T Watch out for the spy' s wiretapping when you have the
 idiomatic usage. In learning English, you must pay attention not only to the
    meeting.
 meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives.
      3. Listen to English every day. Listening to English on a regular basis will
 not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills. In
 addition to language tapes especially prepared for your course, you can also
 listen to English radio broadcasts, watch English TV, and see English movies.
The first time you listen to a taped conversation or
passage in English, you may not be able to catch a great
deal. Try to get its general meaning first and listen to it
over and over again. You will find that with each repetition
you will get something more.
       Sentence        Word
                                    Before Reading    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




on a regular basis: often and according to a set frequency
      2. Watch out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered
 why we him “I regular basis.
S I write to say,on aam interested in English”, but “I am good at French”? And have

 you ever asked yourself why native English speakers say, “learn the news or
S 送奶员定期给我们送奶。

 secret”, but “learn of someone’s success or arrival”? These are all examples of
T The milkman sends us milk on a regular basis.

 idiomatic usage. In learning English, you must pay attention not only to the
 meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives.
      3. Listen to English every day. Listening to English on a regular basis will
 not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills. In
 addition to language tapes especially prepared for your course, you can also
 listen to English radio broadcasts, watch English TV, and see English movies.
The first time you listen to a taped conversation or
passage in English, you may not be able to catch a great
deal. Try to get its general meaning first and listen to it
over and over again. You will find that with each repetition
you will get something more.
       Sentence       Word
                               Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



in addition to: used to add another piece of information to what
                has out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have
       2. Watchjust been said                                  you ever wondered
  why we a postage and packing fee in English”, repair         French”? And have
 S There is say, “I am interested in addition to thebut “I am good at
    charge.
  you ever asked yourself why native English speakers say,     “learn the news or
NB: in addition “learn of someone’s success or arrival”? These are all examples of
secret”, but to表示“除…之外”,后接具体事物;in addition 在句
    中作状语,表示“此外”。例如:这家公司提供廉价的因特网访问服务。
                        In learning English, you cheap
idiomatic usage. 共 享 软 件 。 The company providesmust pay attention not only to the
    此外,还做免费的
meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives.
    Internet access. In addition, it makes free shareware.
      3. Listen to English every day. Listening to English on a regular basis will
not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills. In
addition to language tapes especially prepared for your course, you can also
listen to English radio broadcasts, watch English TV, and see English movies.
The first time you listen to a taped conversation or
passage in English, you may not be able to catch a great
deal. Try to get its general meaning first and listen to it
over and over again. You will find that with each repetition
you will get something more.
      Sentence     Word
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




catch: v.
       2. Watch out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered
 1) get and hold; capture and seize
 why we say, “I am interested in English”, but “I am good at French”? And have
     S The kids were throwing and catching a frisbee down on the
 you ever asked yourself why native English speakers say, “learn the news or
        beach.
 secret”, but “learn
 2) see (sb.) doing (sth.) of someone’s success or arrival”? These are all examples of
S I caught him reading my private letters.
 idiomatic usage. In learning English, you must pay attention not only to the
S   他被看到偷拿电池。
 meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives.
T He was caught stealing batteries.
       3. Listen to English every day. Listening to English on a regular basis will
 3) get stuck
 not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills. In
S His overalls caught in the engine.
 addition to language tapes especially prepared for your course, you can also
 listen to English radio broadcasts, watch English TV, and see English movies.
 The first time you listen to a taped conversation or
 passage in English, you may not be able to catch a great
 deal. Try to get its general meaning first and listen to it
 over and over again. You will find that with each repetition
 you will get something more.
     Sentence     Word
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




     2. Watch
Collocation:        out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered
why we say, “I am interested in English”, but “I am good at French”? And have
     be caught in                陷入
youget caught up in yourself why native English speakers say, “learn the news or
      ever asked                 卷入
secret”, on “learn of someone’s success or arrival”? These are all examples of
     catch but                   流行开来

     catch (sb.) doing In
idiomatic usage. (sth.) learning English, you must pay attention not only to the
                                 撞见某人在做某事

     catch of a
meaningsb. out word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives.
                                 发觉某人的错误
      3. sb. red-handed
     catch Listen to English every day. Listening to English on a regular basis will
                                 当场抓住某人
      only improve your ear,瞥见 will also help you build your speaking skills. In
not catch sight of                but
     catch to eye
addition sb.’s language tapes引人注目  especially prepared for your course, you can also
     catch English radio broadcasts, watch English TV, and see English movies.
listen to up                     追上
       first on                   to
Thecatch up time you listen 弥补 a taped conversation or
passage in English, you may not be able to catch a great
deal. Try to get its general meaning first and listen to it
over and over again. You will find that with each repetition
you will get something more.
     Sentence    Word
                                   Before Reading       Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




seek out: look for; try to find someone or something,
             Seize opportunities to
      4. especially when this is difficult speak. It  is true that there are few situations at
 school where you companies to seek out business
S Now is the time for localhave to communicate in English, but you can seek out

 opportunities to practice speaking the language. Talking with your classmates,
    opportunities in Europe.
 for example, can be an easy and enjoyable way to get some practice. Also try to
S 科学家们需要寻找实验中的因果关系。

 find native speakers on your campus and feel free to talk with them. Perhaps the
T Scientists need to seek out cause-and-effect relationships in

 easiest way to practice speaking is to rehearse aloud,
   the experiment.
 since this can be done at any time, in any place, and
 without a partner. For instance, you can look at pictures
 or objects around you and try to describe them in detail.
 You can also rehearse everyday situations. After you
 have made a purchase in a shop or finished a meal in a
 restaurant and paid the check, pretend that all this
 happened in an English-speaking country and try to act it
 out in English.

      Sentence        Word
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




purchase:
n. the 4. of Seize
       act buying  opportunities to speak. It is true that there are few situations at
 school where you have to communicate in English, but you can seek out
S She made two purchases from my stall.
 opportunities to practice speaking the language. Talking with your classmates,
 vt. buy something
 for example, can be an easy and enjoyable way to get some practice. Also try to
S You can purchase insurance on-line.
 find native speakers on your campus and feel free to talk with them. Perhaps the
S 他以20万美元买了那块地。
 easiest way to practice speaking is to rehearse aloud,
T He purchased the land for two hundred thousand dollars.
 since this can be done at any time, in any place, and
 without a partner. For instance, you can look at pictures
 or objects around you and try to describe them in detail.
 You can also rehearse everyday situations. After you
 have made a purchase in a shop or finished a meal in a
 restaurant and paid the check, pretend that all this
 happened in an English-speaking country and try to act it
 out in English.

      Sentence       Word
                                      Before Reading    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



environment: n. conditions in which people carry on a particular
                activity; natural world in which animals, people
                and plants live
      5. Read widely. It is in the home to read widely because
S Young children often feel happier important environment.         in our learning
 CF: environment, circumstance & main and
 environment, reading is thesurroundings most reliable source of   language input.
       这三个词都有“环境”之意。
 When you choose reading materials, look for things that you find interesting,
environment 表示由周围的人、物等一切物质和精神因素所构成的环境。
 that you can understand without relying too much on a dictionary. A page a day
             例如:
S A pleasant working environment is of vital importance.
 is a good way to start. As you go on, you will find that you can do more pages a
T 有一个令人愉快的工作环境是极其重要的。
 day and handle materials at a higher level of difficulty.
circumstance    通常用复数,表示对局势产生影响的各种条件的总和。
                例如:
S   Prisoners can only leave their cells under certain circumstances.
T   犯人们只有在某些情况下才能离开他们的牢房。
surroundings       指环境时只可用复数形式,表示各种物体所构成的物质上
                   的自然环境。例如:
S   He switched on the light and examined his surroundings.
T    他打开灯,仔细检查四周。


        Sentence        Word
                                   Before Reading    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the
            form where necessary.
      5. unhappy in an environment of post-war confusion,
 1. Mike, Read widely. It is important to read widely because in our learning
                         ________
    spent more and more time the his collection of great
environment, reading isamong main and most reliable source of language input.
    paintings.
When you choose reading materials, look for things that you find interesting,
 2. __________will force us
that you can understand finally to adopt this policy.
     Circumstances
                                 without relying too much on a dictionary. A page a day
 3. He woke in the familiar _________ of his hotel room.
                            surroundings
 4. Different way to start. involve adopting different tactics.
is a good __________ As you go on, you will find that you can do more pages a
              circumstances
day and handle materials at a higher level of difficulty.




     Sentence        Word
                                   Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




        5. Read widely. It sth.)
rely: vi. trust or depend on (sb. oris important   to read widely because in our learning
environment, reading is the main and most reliable source of language input.
Pattern: rely on/upon (sb./sth.) for/to do (sth.)
When you choose reading materials, look for things that you find interesting,
        I knew I could rely on David to look relying too much on a dictionary. A page a day
thatSyou can understand without after my parents.
is a good way to start. As you go on, you will find that you can do more pages a
day and handle materials at a higher level of difficulty.




      Sentence        Word
                                      Before Reading    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




        6. Write regularly. Writing is a good way to practice
  what you already know. Apart from compositions
 apart from: as well as, besides
  assigned by your teacher, you may find your own reasons
S Apart from his earnings as a football
    coach, he also pen pal provides
  for writing. Aowns and runs a chain good motivation; you will
  learn a lot by trying to communicate with someone who
    of sports shops.
  shares your interests, & apart from
CF: besides, except, except forbut comes from a different culture.
     这几个词和短语都有“除…之外”的意思。
  Other ways to write regularly include keeping a diary,
 besides 表示“除了…还有”。例如:
  writing a short story and summarizing the daily news.
S Besides Li Ming, there are many other students attending the
        Language learning is a process of accumulation. It pays to absorb as much as
   meeting.
  except
  you can表示“除去,不包括”。例如:
              from reading and listening and then try to put what you have learned into
S He goes to work everyday except Sunday.
  practice through speaking and writing.
    except for 表示“除…以外”,指对某种基本情况进行具体的细节方面的修
             正。例如:
S   Your writing is good except for a few grammar mistakes.



         Sentence       Word
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




       6. Write regularly. Writing is a good way to practice
 what you already know. Apart from compositions
 apart from 表示“除…外”,它既可以表示besides的意思,也可以表示
             by your teacher, you may
 assignedexcept 或except for 的意思。例如: find your own reasons
 for writing. A pen pal provides good motivation; you will
  There are three others present at the meeting apart from Mr.
Slearn a lot by trying to communicate with someone who
  Jackson.
 shares your interests, but comes from a different culture.
S Apart from his uncle, the orphan had no one to take care of
 Other ways to write regularly include keeping a diary,
  him.
 writing a short story and summarizing the daily news.
       Language learning is a process of accumulation. It pays to absorb as much as
 you can from reading and listening and then try to put what you have learned into
 practice through speaking and writing.




     Sentence    Word
                                Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




        6. Write regularly. Writing is a good way to practice
 what you already know. Apart from compositions
pay: v. give money in exchange for goods or services; bear a
         cost
 assigned or penalty teacher, you may find your own reasons
              by your
S He paid the bill.
 for writing. A pen pal provides good motivation; you will
         a lot by trying to lessons.
 learn Mum paid for my driving communicate with someone who
     S

Sshares your interests, but comes from a different culture.
   有一天你一定会为你的自私付出代价。
 Other ways to write regularly include
T You'll have to pay for your selfishness some day. keeping a diary,

 writing a short story and summarizing the daily news.
 Collocation:
                                      process of accumulation. It pays to absorb as much as
      itLanguage learning is a做某事是大有益处的
        pays to do (sth.)
 youpay attention to                 注意
        can from reading and listening and then try to put what you have learned into
                                     赞颂
 practice through speaking and writing.
      pay tribute to
    pay a call/vist to          拜访

    pay off                     付清
    pay out                     付出


      Sentence           Word
                              Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




       6. Write regularly. Writing is a good way to practice
 what you already know.
put…into practice: carry out or perform Apart from compositions
 assigned by your teacher, you may find your own reasons
S Joan was keen to put some of the
  things she had pen into provides
 for writing. Alearnedpal practice. good motivation; you will
 learn a lot by trying to communicate with someone who
 shares your interests, but comes from a different culture.
SOther ways to write regularly include keeping a diary,
   对任何理论,先要融会贯通,才谈得上运用自如。
   One must have story and summarizing the daily news.
Twriting a shortthoroughly mastered a theory before one can

       Language properly.
   put it into practicelearning is a process of accumulation. It pays to absorb as much as
 you can from reading and listening and then try to put what you have learned into
 practice through speaking and writing.




     Sentence     Word
           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




1. Useful Expressions
2. Summary Writing

3. Spot Dictation

4. Talk about the Pictures
5. Writing Practice

6. Proverbs and Quotations
             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



                 Useful Expressions
1. 一点也不,绝非                    by no means
2. 长期努力                       prolonged effort
3. 精通英语                       gain a good command of English
4. 有过错,有责任                    at fault
5. 被挤出来                       be crowded out
6. 对待                         deal with
7. 把…记住                       commit…to memory
8. 提防,戒备                      watch out for
9. 经常                         on a regular basis
10. 提高你的听力                    improve your ear
             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




11. 除…之外                      in addition to / apart from
12. 反复地                       over and over again
13.找出                         seek out
14. 随意交谈                      feel free to talk
15. 例如                        for instance
16. 详细地                       in detail
17. 购物                        make a purchase
18. 表演出来                      act out
19. …大有收益                     It pays to…
20. 把…加以运用                    put…into practice
                           Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



                                Summary Writing
      English as an international language is of vital importance for everybody to
learn. Learning English is (绝非易事) _______________. Besides (持续的刻苦努力)
                                         by no means easy
sustained hard work , we need employ some learning strategies to (促进我们的学
________________
习) facilitate our learning .
     _________________
      (我们应当以不同的方式对待生词) We should deal with new words in different
                                      ___________________________________
_____ . Active words demand constant practice while passive words only need
 ways
to be recognized. As we try to understand the meaning of a word, we are also
reminded of (它们的习惯用法) their idiomatic usage .
                               _________________
      Listening, speaking, reading and writing are the four basic skills that (我们不
断努力试图获得的) ____________________________ In order to improve the four
                     we are constantly trying to acquire .
skills, we are suggested to listen to English every day, (抓住一切机会说英语)
__________________________ , read widely (难度适中的材料) materials at a proper
seize every opportunity to speak                                ________________
______________and write regularly. Listening and reading (为我们提供语言输入)
 level of difficulty
 provide us with language input and we are expected to (实际运用我们所学的东西)
 _________________________
________________________________ through speaking and writing.
 put what we have learned into practice
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



                                    Spot Dictation
Directions: Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks.
                           Why English isn’t really English
                                     thieves
     English is one of the great ______ . It is constantly
borrowing. It started out taking words from Latin, Greek,
                _________
French, and German.
     Then English went on to borrow words from more
than 50 different languages. The English language has
been _______words for more than 1,500 years. The most
        stealing
 complete                                                         whopping
________ dictionary of the English language contains a ________ 600,000
words.
     It’s ________ for new words to grow from previously _______ words—for
           common                                                existing
example, to burgle, formed from ______ . The use of words can change. _______
                                    burglar                                 Shower
started out meaning “light rain.” It later referred to a bathroom shower, and then
became used as a verb, to shower.
                                             ■
                         Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




    The English language is unusual in the way it borrows and grows. New
                                                    google
words are constantly being introduced. The verb to _______ is a new word that
means “to do a fast Internet search.” It comes from the widely used Internet
search engine, Google.
Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading



Talk about the Pictures
Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading
                            Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                        Writing Practice — Connectives


1. A Brief Introduction
1) Connectives refer to words that can join parts of a sentence or different
   sentences. They are necessary for the establishment of logical relations in an
   essay. Below are two tables indicating different logical relations and the
   corresponding connectives.
                                   Before Reading    Global Reading   Detailed Reading    After Reading



 Table 1
            Adverb Clause Words                Transitions            Conjunctions       Prepositions

Cause and   because    now that                therefore              so                 because of
Effect      since      so (that)               consequently           for                due to
                                               thus
                                               as a result

Contrast    even though   whereas              however                but…(anyway)
            although      while                instead                yet (…still)
            though                             nevertheless
                                               nonetheless
                                               on the other hand
                                               on the contrary

Condition   if      whether                    otherwise              or (else)
            unless in case                                            nor (negative)
            only if in the event
            that    even if
                                     Before Reading     Global Reading    Detailed Reading   After Reading


  Table 2
            Adverb Clause Words                   Transitions            Conjunctions        Prepositions
Addition                                          plus                   and
                                                  besides
                                                  also        further
                                                  moreover next
                                                  furthermore
                                                  in addition
Time        after                 since
            as                    till
            before                until
            as soon as            when
            by the time           whenever
            once                  while
            as/so long as
            every time (that)
            the first/next/last time (that)
Manner      as                 just as
            as if              as though
            like
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




2) Examples
  * We haven’t seen her today because she is ill at home.
  * After they finished the job, all the workmates went to the bar.
  * However he did it, it was very clever.
  * I couldn’t solve the problem until he came.
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




2. Homework
Directions: Fill in the blanks with proper connectives from the list below. Make
            changes where necessary.

consequently, due to, nevertheless, as if, only if, whenever, in addition, by the time,
also, and, plus, even though, whereas, before, on the other hand, till

                                 ________
1. He asks me lots of questions whenever possible.
                                      even though
2. At that time I made another error, ___________ from a good motive.
3. Modesty helps one to go forward, _________ conceit makes one lag behind.
                                       whereas
                             Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




consequently, due to, nevertheless, as if, only if, whenever, in addition, by the time,
also, and, plus, even though, whereas, before, on the other hand, till

                                               only if
 4. He noted that men revealed their height ______ tall.
 5. He's stupid, but I like him ___________ .
                                nevertheless
 6. You need money and time; _________ , you need diligence.
                                   in addition
                             consequently
 7. I missed the train and___________ was late for work.
 8. ______ bad cold she spent the entire day in bed.
     Due to
 9. She always talks to me ____ she were my sister.
                              as if
 10. He managed to arrive home ______ the rain poured down.
                                      before
                        Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




                        Proverbs and Quotations

1. Knowledge advances by steps and not by leaps.

   学习只能循序渐进,而不能跃进。

2. Fools learn nothing from wise men, but wise men learn much from fools.

   愚者不学无术,智者不耻下问。

3. There is no royal road to learning.
   书山有路勤为径,学海无涯苦作舟。

4. Time and tide wait for no man.
   时不我待。
                          Before Reading   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   After Reading




5. Reading makes a full man, conference a ready man, and writing an exact man.
                                           — Francis Bacon, British philosopher

     阅读使人充实,讨论使人机敏,写作使人严谨。
                        — 英国哲学家 F ۰ 培根


6. It never will rain roses. When we want to have more roses we must plant trees.
                                             — George Eliot, English novelist

     天上永远不会掉下玫瑰来,如果想要更多的玫瑰,必须自己种植。
                        — 英国小说家 G ۰ 艾略特

								
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