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BOTANY-Price Study Guide CH 22-1, 22-2, 22-3 Seedless Plants 1. A plant is a ______________ ___________________. 2. Do all plants produce seeds? Explain. 3. Plants use the energy of sunlight to carry out _________________. 4. Without gas exchange, a plant would be unable to make _____________. 5. Where do plants get the water that they need to survive? 6. Plants have adaptations such as leaves, to maximize _____________ absorption. 7. Plants require more _______________ on a sunny day. 8. Plants can lose ___________ while exchanging gases with the atmosphere. 9. Living on land required plants to _______________ water. 10. Without plants, ____________ could not live on land. 11. How to bryophytes draw up the water they need? (through what process?) 12. Bryophytes need standing water to ______________. 13. Because bryophytes do not have vascular tissue, they do not conduct _________, grow close to the ____________, and can draw up water only a few _____________ above the ground. 14. In liverworts, the structures that produce eggs & sperm look like _________________________. 15. _______________ is a structure that has a function similar to that of roots. 16. _______________ are the most common bryophytes. 17. ____________ are the most abundant plants in polar regions. 18. Some mosses form clumps of __________________ growing together. 19. ____________ is the sperm producing structure of a bryophyte. 20. If a organism is _________________ (unicellular or multicellular) it cannot be a plant. 21. A diagram called a ________________ shows the evolutionary relationships such as major plant groups living on Earth today. 22. Bryophytes are low-growing because they lack _____________________. 23. Bryophytes include ______________, liverworts, & hornworts. 24. The ____________ of all plants are made of cellulose. 25. The sperm of bryophytes need _________ to reach eggs of other individuals. 26. Water moves from cell to cell in the rhizoids of a moss by the process of ______. 27. The capsule of a moss produces __________________. 28. Ferns can live in shaded areas of a forest most likely because they have _____. 26. How are rhizoids of mosses similar to roots? How are they different? 27. Why are the roots, stems, & leaves of ferns and their relatives considered to be true? 28. Describe the structure of a fern gametophyte. 29. Be able to answer questions from a cladogram. 30. From a diagram of a fern and its life cycle stages, be able to answer questions about the structures and their functions.
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