Study Guide CH 22-1, 22-2, 22-3 Seedless Plants by I2CJJjl2


                         Study Guide CH 22-1, 22-2, 22-3 Seedless Plants
1. A plant is a ______________         ___________________.
2. Do all plants produce seeds? Explain.
3. Plants use the energy of sunlight to carry out _________________.
4. Without gas exchange, a plant would be unable to make _____________.
5. Where do plants get the water that they need to survive?
6. Plants have adaptations such as leaves, to maximize _____________ absorption.
7. Plants require more _______________ on a sunny day.
8. Plants can lose ___________ while exchanging gases with the atmosphere.
9. Living on land required plants to _______________ water.
10. Without plants, ____________ could not live on land.
11. How to bryophytes draw up the water they need? (through what process?)
12. Bryophytes need standing water to ______________.
13. Because bryophytes do not have vascular tissue, they do not conduct _________, grow
close to the ____________, and can draw up water only a few _____________ above the
14. In liverworts, the structures that produce eggs & sperm look like
15. _______________ is a structure that has a function similar to that of roots.
16. _______________ are the most common bryophytes.
17. ____________ are the most abundant plants in polar regions.
18. Some mosses form clumps of __________________ growing together.
19. ____________ is the sperm producing structure of a bryophyte.
20. If a organism is _________________ (unicellular or multicellular) it cannot be a plant.
21. A diagram called a ________________ shows the evolutionary relationships such as major
plant groups living on Earth today.
22. Bryophytes are low-growing because they lack _____________________.
23. Bryophytes include ______________, liverworts, & hornworts.
24. The ____________ of all plants are made of cellulose.
25. The sperm of bryophytes need _________ to reach eggs of other individuals.
26. Water moves from cell to cell in the rhizoids of a moss by the process of ______.
27. The capsule of a moss produces __________________.
28. Ferns can live in shaded areas of a forest most likely because they have _____.
26. How are rhizoids of mosses similar to roots? How are they different?
27. Why are the roots, stems, & leaves of ferns and their relatives considered to be true?
28. Describe the structure of a fern gametophyte.
29. Be able to answer questions from a cladogram.
30. From a diagram of a fern and its life cycle stages, be able to answer questions about the
structures and their functions.

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