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Commonly Confused words Set up in the order of your study guide • Accept vs To accept is to welcome or to admit. • vs. Except • The other pets soon accepted Freckles as a member of the family. • Except means “leaving out” or “excluding.” • Nobody except Natalie stayed for the tutoring session • The crowd was completely silent as the puck flew in a graceful arc into the net, • winning the game for the Pelicans. The opposing team members’ faces registered • shock; how could they __________ this loss when they had been sure to win? • The next day, at a ceremony honoring the winning team, the captain • __________ed the trophy on behalf of all the team members. He said that • __________ for one mistake early in the first-quarter, his team had played nearly • perfectly, and the audience cheered. • For weeks afterwards, local restaurants and movie theatres _____________ed • tickets___________from the momentous games instead of cash. It was the happiest time the town could remember, ____________ that it didn’t last forever. • Affect vs Effect • The word affect is a verb that means “to influence.” • vs. How does precipitation affect the weather? • The word effect is a noun that means “result” or “impact.” • The effects of the meeting were not clear right away. • 1. to alter: ___ • 2. an outcome: ___ • 3. a change: ___ • 4. to influence:_________ • ALL READY-prepared Dinner was all ready when the guests arrived. ALREADY-by this time The turkey was already burned when the guests arrived. Already • I have __________told you to eat your • vegetables. • We __________ went to the store. All ready • • All ready- means “completely ready” • – Are you all ready to go? • – We are all ready to take our exam. Among • • Among is used when speaking of more • than two persons or things. • • Examples • – Putrid socks were scattered among the • sweaty uniforms. • – I played hide and go seek among the trees. Between • • Between is used when speaking of only • two persons or things. • • Examples • – A single streamer dangled between the • goalposts. • – The hammock hung between the trees. LIE/LAY • LIE-to lie down (a person or animal. hint: people can tell lies) I have a headache, so I'm going to lie down for a while. (also lying, lay, has/have lain--The dog has lain in the shade all day; yesterday, the dog lay there for twelve hours). LAY-to lay an object down. "Lay down that shotgun, Pappy!" The sheriff demanded of the crazed moonshiner. The town lay at the foot of the mountain. (also laying, laid, has/have laid--At that point, Pappy laid the shotgun on the ground). lose/loose • LOSE--verb, to misplace or not win Mom glared at Mikey. "If you lose that new lunchbox, don't even think of coming home!" LOOSE--adjective, to not be tight; verb (rarely used)--to release The burglar's pants were so loose that he was sure to lose the race with the cop chasing him. While awaiting trial, he was never set loose from jail because no one would post his bail. Precede/Proceed • PRECEDE-to come before Pre-writing precedes the rough draft of good papers. PROCEED-to go forward He proceeded to pass back the failing grades on the exam. Than/Then • THAN-use with comparisons I would rather go out to eat than eat at the dining hall. THEN-at that time, or next I studied for my exam for seven hours, and then I went to bed. There/Their/they’re • Their vs. There • ���� “Their” is used to indicate possession. • ���� “There” is used to indicate a place. • ���� “They’re” is the contraction for “they are.” • The children are looking for _____ books. • Their books are over ____. • _______ going to read the books. Two/too • TO-toward I went to the University of Richmond. TOO-also, or excessively He ate too much turkey and was unable to drive home. TWO-a number Only two students did not turn in the assignment.
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