VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 9 POSTED ON: 4/11/2012
Phrases and the Dreaded Sentence Fragment More fun with grammar! English 50 Ann Tatum First, let’s review . . . 1. The verb is . . . 1. The action in a sentence. 2. The subject is . . . 2. The actor in a sentence. 3. What can an IC do 3. Stand alone. that a DC cannot do? 4. What are 4. Subordinating WABBITS? conjunctions. Clauses vs. Phrases • Clauses, both IC • Phrases are missing and DC, always a subject, verb, or have a subject and both, so they can a verb. never be a • ICs can be complete sentence. sentences by themselves. • DCs cannot be complete sentences by themselves. Which is which? 1. You look great today! 1. IC 2. Considering you partied all night. 2. P 3. I use a special soap. 3. IC 4. Called “Sleep Begone.” 4. P 5. To get rid of the bags under my eyes in the morning. 5. P 6. Because I need to look good for the ladies. 6. DC FLASH! • A phrase is a group of words missing a subject, verb, or both. • There are a number of different kinds of phrases: prepositional, appositive, verbal . . . and on and on. • You don’t need to know all of the types, but do know that no phrases are ever sentences by themselves. Fragments (woo hoo!) • A sentence fragment has one (or more) of the following problems: • the subject is missing • the verb is missing • it can’t stand alone (has no “complete thought”) • FLASH!! Fragments cont. • This means there are, basically, two types of fragments. • Dependent Clause fragment: Because we walked to the store for five hours, singing all the way. • Phrase fragment: To the store. For five hours. Singing all the way. Fragments cont. • There is one more thing students do that can cause a fragment: the mental typo. • This is when a student clearly simply forgot to put in a word. • “When in school, is important for students to study.” • “Fish excellent pets.” On Quizzes . . . • You still need to know how to identify IC and DC. • You also need to know how to identify phrases. • And you need to be able to find (and correct) fragments in a paragraph.
"Clauses_ Phrases_ and the Dreaded Sentence Fragment"