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Clauses_ Phrases_ and the Dreaded Sentence Fragment


									Phrases and the Dreaded
  Sentence Fragment
    More fun with grammar!
          English 50
          Ann Tatum
      First, let’s review . . .
1. The verb is . . .      1. The action in a
2. The subject is . . .   2. The actor in a
3. What can an IC do      3. Stand alone.
   that a DC cannot
4. What are               4. Subordinating
   WABBITS?                  conjunctions.
      Clauses vs. Phrases
• Clauses, both IC      • Phrases are missing
  and DC, always          a subject, verb, or
  have a subject and      both, so they can
  a verb.                 never be a
• ICs can be complete     sentence.
  sentences by
• DCs cannot be
  complete sentences
  by themselves.
          Which is which?
1. You look great today!                1.   IC
2. Considering you partied all night.   2.   P
3. I use a special soap.                3.   IC
4. Called “Sleep Begone.”               4.   P
5. To get rid of the bags under my
   eyes in the morning.                 5.   P
6. Because I need to look good for
   the ladies.                          6. DC
• A phrase is a group of words missing a
  subject, verb, or both.
• There are a number of different kinds of
  phrases: prepositional, appositive,
  verbal . . . and on and on.
• You don’t need to know all of the types,
  but do know that no phrases are ever
  sentences by themselves.
    Fragments (woo hoo!)
• A sentence fragment has one (or more)
  of the following problems:
• the subject is missing
• the verb is missing
• it can’t stand alone (has no “complete
        Fragments cont.
• This means there are, basically, two
  types of fragments.
• Dependent Clause fragment: Because
  we walked to the store for five hours,
  singing all the way.
• Phrase fragment: To the store. For five
  hours. Singing all the way.
        Fragments cont.
• There is one more thing students do
  that can cause a fragment: the mental
• This is when a student clearly simply
  forgot to put in a word.
• “When in school, is important for
  students to study.”
• “Fish excellent pets.”
          On Quizzes . . .
• You still need to know how to identify IC
  and DC.
• You also need to know how to identify
• And you need to be able to find (and
  correct) fragments in a paragraph.

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