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LGB_Diaper_Instructions

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					Sewing LGB Diapers
Simplified sewing instructions
Getting Started

Before you get started, we recommend you read through this guide thoroughly. If you are working from patterns, make
sure you have the Little Green Bear pattern printed and close by. If you’re working from a pre-cut kit purchased through
Wazoodle.com, make sure you have the kit pieces on hand for reference.

About this Pattern

This pattern is for a one piece reusable cloth diaper that can be cut and sewn in small, medium
and large sizes. The pattern is easy to assemble and provides excellent fit. When made with
the prescribed fabrics offers easy care and low maintenance cost – which makes it a favorite
for families, diaper services and institutional cloth diaper users.

These instructions cover sewing a basic fitted diaper. If you plan to make a customized
version, visit www.littlegreenbear.com. is pattern can be sewn by novice and expert sewers.

Sizing

LGB’s standard pattern uses sizing matched to popular US and Canadian standards for disposable diapers. It’s always a
good idea to sew up a sample to make sure your fabrics and sizing are in line with your expectations.

                                  US disposable          US cloth            US size by
                                   diaper size          diaper size         baby weight
                                       0-1                 Small               7-12lbs
                                       2-4               Medium               11-20lbs
                                       4-6                 Large              18-35lbs


How many Diapers do you need?

If you use cloth diapers full-time the number of diapers you need depends on your washing cycle. You can choose to
wash daily, every other day or every third day (you can’t go longer than this!) Cloth diapers need to be changed with
regular frequency, as many as 12 times / day for newborns. As the baby gets older, the number of daily changes
dwindles. To get started, use the following averages:

Diapers Required     Daily     Every    Every    If you choose fitted diapers, you will also need a supply of covers. 6-10
                             other day 3rd day   covers should be enough as these are not always soiled.
Wash Cycle/Age
Newborn               15         25      35
                                                 Finally, depending on the design you choose, you may need a supply of
6-12 months           12         20      28      doublers. Doublers are supplemental soaker pads that some designs use
12-24 months          9          15      21      to increase the moisture holding capacity of the diaper. These are used
24-30 months          6          10      14      for overnight use and to supplement absorbency in older babies.
Sewing LGB Diapers
Simplified sewing instructions
Suggested Fabrics

The pattern can be sewn up in a variety of versions; recommended materials are underlined in bold:

Type                             Lining                Absorbent Layer            Interlining               Outer
Fitted diaper    Flannel, Diaper Maker Pique or            ZORB,                    None            French Terry, Flannel,
                 jersey, Suedecloth, lightweight      Microfiber+Terry,                                Sherpa, Fleece
                           polar fleece                Sherpa, Fleece,
All-in-One       Flannel, Diaper Maker Pique or            ZORB,            French Terry, Flannel    DiaperMaker™ PUL
                 jersey, Suedecloth, lightweight      Microfiber+Terry,
                           polar fleece                Sherpa, Fleece
Swim Diaper       Diaper Maker Pique or jersey,             None                    None              DiaperMaker PUL
                         athletic mesh
Diaper Cover                     None                       None                    None              DiaperMaker PUL

The diaper has an integrated soaker layer which eliminates pockets and removable parts. When assembled using the
recommended materials or an LGB precut kit, this diaper will wash and sanitize easily, dry very quickly, and never
require stripping. If you prefer a pocket, simply topstitch the pocket opening at the top back of the diaper.

Outer Layer: For the best fit and performance we recommend knitted fabrics. 14.5-16 oz pile knits (fleece, French terry,
stretch terry, sherpa-terry) made of absorbent hydrating fibers like cotton, bamboo/viscose or rayon knits work best.
Up to 20% polyester is acceptable in the outer layer. We do not recommend using hemp blends, bamboo velour, stretch
velvet, or any synthetic fibers for the outer layer.

For the All-In-One option, use 1mil PUL as the outer – or – any fancy fabric stitched to a hidden layer of 1 mil
DiaperMaker PUL.

Integrated Soaker Layer: 3 plys of ZORB is recommended for your soaker layer. You may substitute any quick absorbing
fabric, ideally made from hydrating fibers. You can use 3 layers of micro fiber terry toweling + 2 layers of flannel
interleaved between the terry plys.

Lining: Use any percolating fabrics (meaning anything that lets moisture pass through easily). We recommend
DiaperMaker mesh or pique. Other options are brushed dazzle (suedecloth), or any lose and lightweight (<7.5oz/lyd
<160GSM) poly fleece. Microfleece over 7.5oz will be too dense for this design.

Elastic: 3/8” DiaperMaker cotton braided elastic, or any type of braided swimsuit elastics are recommended. Regular
knitted and woven elastics will not stand up to the rigors of cloth diapering.

Closures:
       Snap option: Snaps should be size 20, Polyacetal plastic snaps made for knitted fabrics. You need 12 caps, 8
       sockets and 4 studs (or 8 full sets). If you really like snaps, you can add a second row.

        Hook and Loop option: Touch Tape or Velcro for all sizes, you can use Aplix 800 for the small size however you
        may not find it grippy enough for larger sizes.
Sewing LGB Diapers
Simplified sewing instructions
Yardage Requirements:

If you purchased a LGB pre-cut kit, all the materials you need are supplied in the box – you can skip over this table. If
you are purchasing your own materials, the following table outlines what you will need to purchase:

                                                                                             Each 6 diapers requires*
   Component                           Suitable Material type and width
                                                                                                 45”              60”
Outer Layer       Cotton or Bamboo Fleece, French Terry, stretch terry
                                                                                               1-1/3yd           2/3yd

AIO Waterproof    PUL or DiaperMaker film
                                                                                               1-1/3yd           2/3yd
Outer Layer
Lining Layer      cotton flannel, Diaper Maker micro fleece, Cotton or Bamboo Fleece or
                                                                                               1-1/3yd           2/3yd
                  French Terry 60” – OR – DiaperMaker’s lining mesh or pique
Soaker            Zorb                                                                            1              N/A
Elastic           1/4” DiaperMaker or swimsuit cotton braided Preemie to Medium
                                                                                                         3yd
                  3/8” DiaperMaker or swimsuit cotton braided Medium & Large
Closures (H&L     1½” hook tape                                                                          1/2yd
option)           1½” loop tape (includes belly band and wash tab)                                       3 yd
Snaps             Size 20 Polyacetal                                                                      50
Thread                                  Tex27 grade or better spun polyester for needles and loopers.
                                       Optional: WazWool or Wooly Nylon can also be used in loopers.


Equipment: These diapers can be assembled using a home sewing machine. A serger can be used to speed up assembly
but is not required. A snap press is required for snap versions.
Sewing LGB Diapers
Simplified sewing instructions
Sewing Instructions:
Step 1: Preparing your patterns & markers and cutting.

Before getting started, double check your pattern printed to scale. Locate the Checking Square on the pattern, and
check the square is 1” x 1”. If the square is smaller or larger, reprint the pattern following the instructions shown on the
pattern. Your pattern will print over multiple pages, simply line up the logos and tape your large pattern together.

Step 2: Marking and cutting your fabrics

   1.     Using your patterns pieces and marker plan, spread your materials then they trace the pattern onto your fabric.

   2.     Make all your cuts (don’t forget the notches and snap/Velcro placements)

   3.     Mark placement of snaps or hook and loop closures on the face/right side of your outer layer of fabric.

   4.     Cut your elastics, hook and loop as follows:

            Size            Elastic              Loop               Hook               Optional
                                                                                  (laundry tab loop)
           Small       Cut 3 at 4-1/2”        Cut 1 at 8”       Cut 2 at 1-1/2”     Cut 2 at 1-1/2”,
         Medium           Cut 3 at 5”         Cut 1 at 9”       round corners       round corners
           Large       Cut 3 at 5-1/2”       Cut 1 at 10”

Step 3: Preparing your fabric for cutting (If you purchased pre cut kits, skip to Step 4: Sewing)

Pre-washing/drying is not recommended if you purchased first quality fabrics designed for diaper making. If you’re not
sure whether your fabrics have been fully finished (common for purchases made as marts, coops, Ebay etc) may want to
pre-wash your natural fiber knits. Wash hot using a normal dose of detergent, tumble dry on hot.

DO NOT PREWASH COATED FABRICS (PUL, ProCare, Ultrex etc) OR HOOK AND LOOP TAPES. These are delivered cut-&-
sew ready and may be damaged if washed before sewn.

Step 4: Sewing

        Attach soaker layers: Stack up your soaker layers then tack the ends together using a straight stitch. Set the
        soaker pads on the back (wrong side) of your inner layer, centered vertically and
        horizontally in the blank. Sew it in with a straight stitch in ¼” from the perimeter of the
        soaker blank.

        Attach elastics: On the back (wrong side) of the outer PANEL locate the notches; they
        mark the end points for your elastic. Tack your pre-cut elastics in at each end, ½” from
        the edge of your blank – DO NOT SEW THEM IN ANY FURTHER.
Sewing LGB Diapers
Simplified sewing instructions
      Attach loop tape (hook and loop closures only): stitch the long strip to the face (right side) of the OUTER panel
      with a straight stitch. If you like to bind down the edges of your hook and loop tapes you can zig-zag stitch
      around the edge but do not eliminate the straight stitch as it keeps your hook and loop from fraying. Stitch the
      small laundry tab to the face of the lining layer fabric.

                   For a top stitch finish:                                       For a serged finish:

 Lay the face/right sides of the outer and lining layer Lay the back (wrong sides) of the diaper outer and lining
 together. Stitch around the perimeter till 3” from being panels together. Serge around the perimeter till closed
 closed. Turn the diaper so the right/face sides are (use care so you don’t catch the elastics).
 facing out. Topstitch around the perimeter of the
 diaper to close.

Locate the tacking that marks the ends of the elastic (you’re going to sew the elastic into a channel – do not stitch
through the elastic lengthwise.)

Starting from the edge, sew in from the edge of the fabric using a straight stitch, turn then run the length of the elastic
then back across the elastic (again, use care as you do not want to catch the elastic along the stretch).For each elastic,
sew in from the edge of the fabric using a straight stitch. Stitch through the elastic, then along the inside edge of the
elastic then back across the elastic (again, use care as you do not want to catch the elastic along the stretch).
Attach your snaps or hook and loop closures and you’re finished!
Basic Diaper Care
How to care for cloth diapers

Making your diapers ready for use

All cloth diapers require washing to relax the fabrics and in some cases to scour out the oils, waxes and resins that
accumulate in fabric production. If you purchased your materials or kits from Wazoodle Fabrics your diapers only
require 1 wash before use. If your fabrics are of Chinese origin, purchased from a coop, discount type fabric store,
Ebay or a fabric jobber, you’ll need several washes to scour the diapers free of residues.

Follow the washing / drying instructions on your detergent.

Basic Cloth Diaper Care

Getting started can be a bit confusing, but once you sift through the options, it’s really simple. Your modern cloth
diapers are based on the same fitted design as the familiar disposable diaper except they are washable and reusable.
Unlike cloth diapers of yesteryear, modern cloth diapers do not need folding, they are as simple to change as any
disposable!


You need a wet bags and a diaper pail

Soiled diapers need to be carried home, and stored somewhere between washings.

Wet bags are used to carry home your soiled diapers. You can use big zip-lock freezer bags, or make wet bags from
waterproof fabrics like ProCare or PUL. Instructions for sewing wet bags are included with the pattern.
Soiled diapers are typically stored in a pail. Any 5 gal/ 20 liter kitchen pail with a locking lid will work. If you prefer
something more specific, most department stores sell specialized diaper pails. . It’s a good idea to have a liner for the
pail too, it makes handling a blob of smelly diapers a little easier, it also makes it easier to clean your pail. You can use
an old pillowcase, mesh bags or liner bags specifically designed for diapers.

          Important:
          Pets and children are drawn to diaper pails. Choose a pail with a good seal to keep odors in, and
          a good locking mechanism to keeps pets and children out! The lock and seal must work if the
          pail is overturned.



Caring for your Diapers

Caring for cloth diapers is easy once you get the routine down. A quick search of the internet will pull up thousands of
articles and nearly as many approaches to caring for cloth diapers. This guide will outline a practical and proven process,
it will also debunk a few myths you may find in other publications.
If you find a process that makes sense to you, by all means give it a try!
Basic Diaper Care
How to care for cloth diapers
Understanding the Diaper Cycle

Understanding the diaper cycle will help you understand what’s happening to
your diapers.

Wearing: It all starts as soon as the diaper goes on baby. Before you put a
diaper on baby, make sure their skin clean and wiped dry. The moment you put
on a fresh diaper, it begins to collect naturally occurring bacteria, enzymes, and
organic matter from the skin, surrounding air, pee and poop. These will not
bother baby for the short period of time they are in that diaper.
Once the diaper is removed, the microbial activity continues in the soiled diaper
until it’s cleansed, neutralized and sanitized.

Storing. When soiled diapers are stored, the microbes left in the diaper stay active. It’s normal to smell ammonia, and
maybe a slight barnyard smell in your pail. The smell should be contained to the pail, if it becomes noticeable
throughout your home, see the troubleshooting section of this guide.
You have 2 choices for storing wet and soiled diapers.

         Dry Pail Method: toss your wet or soiled diapers into a locking pail. Toss in some baking soda or a deodorizing
         disc to control odors. The main advantage is simplicity.

         Wet Pail Method: toss your wet or soiled diapers into a locking pail filled ½ ways with a solution of water and a
         sanitizer. The sanitizer is usually 0.3% bleach, peroxide or oxy-bleach (or 4 fl. Oz/gallon or water, -- or 3ml per
         liter of water) . The advantage of using a wet pail is the sanitizing process starts earlier and stains are prevented
         from setting.

We recommend prefer the wet pail method because it reduces odors, saves energy, and starts sanitizing the diaper as
soon as it hits the pail.

Since your diaper pail is a part of the diaper cycle, it needs to be rinsed clean and sanitized every time it’s emptied. You
can use regular household sanitizers to clean your pail.

Washing. Washing flushes out the organic matter and stains, neutralizes odor, and kills of microbes that have collected
in your diapers. In addition to cleansing soils from the diaper, you also have to kill microbes, neutralize pH and odor,
and rinse out washing agents.

Skin irritation, diaper rash and odors are usually blamed on sensitivities to certain fiber types (e.g. polyester) or residues
from laundry additives. In most cases it’s neither the fabric nor the laundering agents, these problems usually result
from incomplete sanitizing and/or neutralizing of the diaper in the wash.

Diaper services use extremely hot water, conditioned water and special detergents to clean and sanitize your diapers. If
you plan to use a service, you will not need to read further. If you’re washing your own diapers, the rest of this section
explains how to wash diapers using residential equipment and off the shelf laundering products.

Step 1: Pre-Soak or pre-wash cold/cold.
If your diaper has a removable soaker, separate if from the diaper before washing.
Fold over hook and loop protector tabs to keep the hook tapes from gathering lint.
Basic Diaper Care
How to care for cloth diapers
Set your washer for a 15 minute cold water pre-soak and rinse. Add 1 cup (250ml) of bleach, peroxide or oxygen-bleach
(do not mix other additives with sanitizers) for a full load. This kills microbes, loosen soils, and lift stains. It does not
harm well made diapers.

Step 2: Wash Hot / Rinse Cold
All diapers are made from durable materials that stand up to harsh washing additives and very hot water temperatures.
Hot water helps finishes off any microbes that your sanitizing cycle did not kill; it also improves the cleaning and rinsing
performance of your detergents.

You will also need to select a good detergent free of perfumes, and optical brighteners. If you have naturally
conditioner soft water (>30PPM dissolved minerals) you can use simple detergents like Allen’s, Charlie’s, Planet, Bio-
Kleen etc. 90% of us have water that is too hard for simple detergents – you will need a ‘big brand’ formulated for cold
water or hard water use.

Use a FULL DOSE of laundry detergent as recommended by the manufacturer in the wash cycle. Do not use fabric
softeners or other additives in the Wash cycle.

Adding a ¼ cup of white vinegar to the final rinse will help soften fabrics, balance pH, and neutralize odor.

         Important Notes:
         Water hardness is the key to selecting effective detergents so make sure the detergent
         you select is appropriate for the hardness of your water. You can find more information
         on selecting detergents at www.diapermaker.com/detergents.

         Do not reduce or overdose detergents ! Diluting doses reduces cleaning power AND
         increases residues buildup on diaper fabric. This gradually reduces absorbency and
         makes your diapers harder to clean!

Step 3: Drying

Drying is the final step in cleaning your diapers. Machine tumble dry on warm works best for all types of diapers. The
tumbling action naturally softens fabric and prevents minerals dissolved in water from forming deposits on your fabrics.

Line drying is also great too – it saves f energy , naturally brightens fabrics, and it’s UV rays neutralize bleach residue.
Line dried diapers will accumulate mineral deposits faster, so expect to strip your diapers a little more frequently.

         Important Note: AIO diapers with imbedded soakers and any diaper made using hemp
         fibers should always be machine dried when the humidity is above RH8%.


Stripping

The fibers in your diapers may accumulate mineral deposits and chemical residues in some cases. These deposits reduce
the diaper’s absorbency, make cleaning and sanitizing harder. Stripping is a simple process used to removing mineral
and chemical deposits from the fibers in a diaper.
Basic Diaper Care
How to care for cloth diapers
If your water has a hardness of <180PPM and you follow the washing procedures and recommendations in this guide,
you should never need to strip a diaper. IF any of the following occur, you will most likely be stripping diapers from time
to time:
              water hardness is above 180PPM
              reduced or excessive detergent dosing –or– wrong detergent for water hardness
              you wash in warm water
              fabric softeners, optical brighteners, essential oils are used in your wash
              diapers are line dried
              oily or mineral based creams are used on baby’s skin

Knowing when it’s time to strip diapers

If you notice your diapers are becoming less absorbent, harder to clean, or you smell a slight ammonia odor when
changing a soiled diaper, it’s time to strip.

Step 1: Wash and dry diapers using your normal routine
Step 2: Presoak diapers using

				
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