Field Hockey - PowerPoint by wsj58G

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									Field Hockey
 History, Field, Players,
       And Rules
       History of Field Hockey




   Games played with curved sticks and a ball have been
    found throughout history and the world.
   Exactly when and where the sport originated from is
    not known but drawings that are thought to be 4,000
    years old have been found in the Beni-Hasen tomb in
    the Nile Valley in Egypt depicting men playing the sport
   An English woman named
    Constance Applebee
    introduced field hockey to the
    United States in 1901.
   Excitement about field hockey
    spread quickly and soon a
    number of other women's
    schools took up the sport.
   In 1922 the United States
    Field Hockey Association was
    founded to help promote the
    sport and create more
    enthusiasm for it .
Women's field hockey continued it's popular and successful spread in the
                     United States. At the 1984 Los
 Angeles Olympic Games the United States captured the bronze medal.
From there the US would appear at the Olympics in 1988 in Seoul and at
Atlanta in 1996. The women's team also continued to qualify for the FIH
(International Hockey Federation) World Cup after the first one in 1975.
Men's field hockey started in the United States in 1928 with a game between the
Westchester Field Hockey Club and the Germantown Cricket Club.

The Field Hockey Association of America was formed in 1930, the FHAA became the
fourteenth member of FIH.

The U.S. men's team competed in their first Olympic games in 1932 at Los Angeles
where they captured the bronze in a three-team tournament.
Field Diagram
 
  Positions and Player Strengths
• There are 11 players on the field per team,
  including the goalie and 10 field players.
  Formations often consist of four forwards, three
  halfbacks, three fullbacks, and one goalkeeper,
  known as a 4-3-3 formation. Variations, such as
  the 5-3-2, are also used, depending on the
  coach’s strategy.
Player Positions
    Positions and Player Strengths
             Continued…
• Forwards: Primary scorers who spend most of
  their time between the midfield and the
  opponent’s goal.
    Positions and Player Strengths
             Continued…
• Midfielders: Must be
  able to play both
  defense and offense
  and have the stamina
  to run the field in the
  transition between
  offense and defense.
  Also called “links.”
    Positions and Player Strengths
             Continued…
• Fullbacks/Sweeper: Primarily defend the
  opposing forwards and attempt to clear the ball
  when it gets close to the goal.
    Positions and Player Strengths
             Continued…
• Goalie: Stands in front of goal to block shots
  with his/her body and stick. Must have quick
  reflexes and ability to communicate defensive
  strategies to teammates
The Game:

   Two halves 20 – 45 minutes each with a 5-15
    minute half time.
   11 players per side, including the goalkeeper.
   The ball must be passed or dribbled down the
    field with the flat side of the stick.
   A goal is scored when an attacker strikes the
    ball into the goal from within the striking
    circle.
Fouls:
A player may not:
   Shield or obstruct the ball from an opponent with the
    body or stick. All players must have an equal
    chance to gain control of the ball as it is dribbled or
    passed down the field.
   Play the ball with the rounded side of the stick.
   Charge, hit, shove, or trip an opponent.
   Play the ball in a potentially dangerous way.
   Raise the stick above the waist in a dangerous
    manner while attempting to play or stop the ball.
Fouls:
A player may not:
   Advance the ball by any means other than
    with the stick.
   Stop or deflect the ball in the air or on the
    ground with any part of the body.
   Hit, hook, hold or interfere with and
    opponents stick.
Penalty Corner:
   In a penalty corner, the ball is placed on the goal line
    at least 10 yards from the nearest goal post. One
    attacking player hits the ball to a teammate just
    outside the striking circle line. No shot on goal may
    be taken until the ball is stopped or comes to rest on
    the ground outside the circle. All attackers must be
    outside the circle before the hit is taken. On defense,
    a maximum of five defenders may be behind the
    goal line while the remaining defenders must be
    positioned beyond the center line.
Penalty Corner:
Penalty Corner:
   Typically, the attacking player taking the free hit passes the
    ball to her teammate positioned outside the striking
    circle. An offensive player will stop the ball with the stick
    while another player will strike the ball at the goal.
A penalty corner is awarded for the following
   offenses:
   Any breach of the rule by a defender within the circle that
    would have resulted in a free hit to the attacking team if the
    breach had occurred outside the circle.
   An intentional hit over the goal line by a defender from any
    part of the field.
The Push-In/Hit In

   A push-in or hit-in is awarded to the
    opposition if a player hits the ball over the
    sideline. All players and their sticks must be
    at least 5 yards away from the spot where the
    ball is put into play.
Field Hockey

• Field hockey is a fast paced,
  adrenaline rushing game for anyone
  who has the desire to play.
• Real field hockey is played on water
  based synthetic turf which is really
  fast, the top men can drag flick the
  ball at 75 MPH or faster.

								
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