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Agriculture synergize with Tourism

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					Agriculture synergize with Tourism
The rapid development of tourism in Bali is not only a positive impact as an increase in local
revenue, job creation, and increased kesejasteraan but also have negative impacts such as
pollution, traffic congestion, environmental damage and the transfer of land use is mainly
agricultural land used as a place and facilities development tourism facilities such as hotels,
restaurants, attractions and more.
Development of tourism in Bali has contributed much to the damage and environmental balance
in tourism development in particular the use of agricultural land both wet and dry land.
Seminyak Region, Badung regency, many farm fields have been transferred its functions to the
construction of tourism facilities such as hotels, villas, bungalows, cafes, art shops and others.
With the construction of these facilities automatically or distribution of water distribution system
is blocked by a concrete-concrete with a solid cross section in the region resulting water can not
flow properly to the rest of the rice field. Inhibition of water channels in the area have also
resulted in new problems "flooding", especially during the rainy season. Water spilled into
surface water channels are small and not smooth and spilled into the street. Water distribution
system known as "Subak" and the fields that were traditionally the main source of income for
local people will be extinct and swallowed by the time of the swift pace of development of
tourism. Seeing this fact, possible environmental, and subak rice fields can be sustainable? With
this damage too, could the noble culture of the Balinese people, especially agriculture can
steady?
Utilization of agricultural land for the sake of tourism has also resulted in a gap between the
tourism industry to agriculture. This problem is motivated by the unequal division of the
agricultural use for the sake of tourism. Case of installation in order to appear shiny zinc in rice
fields which occur in thin people, Gianyar Regency is clear evidence that describes the
relationship disharmony between farmers and the tourism industry. Rice fields are beautiful
people and beautiful scenery made for a number of restaurants, cafes and hotels, but the farmer
who has a beautiful rice field is not getting the advantage with respect to the use of rice fields
and agricultural activities as a tourist attraction. The owner of the rice farmer resentment led to
the installation of zinc in fields that lead tourists complain of not being able to see the beautiful
scenery as promised.
Another example is having a similar problem is in the object-Tourism Village Jatiluwih Tabanan.
The beauty of the landscape in the rice fields is not only attractive to domestic and foreign
tourists, but also for members of the team selection committee of international cultural and
natural heritage. Because of its beauty, Tourism Village Jatiluwih nominated as one of the
world's natural heritage (World Natural Heritage) and is the only natural attraction in Bali
nominated. Fact that happened on the field, the local villagers and field owner has not yet
received the results and benefits of tourism activities undertaken in the area. Tour operators who
sell package tours such as sightseeing, cycling and trekking in the Tourism Village Jatiluwih
directly bring the tour guide (tour guide), the purposes of food and beverage and tourism
activities such equipment from their office so that local communities did not benefit and instead
of local communities received only the remains of rubbish and the tourists only footprints.
Maybe the tour operators who sell travel packages to objects Tourism Village Jatiluwih not know
that rice farming activities which include land preparation, seeding, planting, maintenance and
harvesting of high cost. Costs incurred by the farmer was not covered by the tour operator.
Supposedly, the tour operators who sell objects Jatiluwih Village Tourism provides incentives to
farmers to keep farming activity and help reduce the cost burden of farmers. To make up the cost
for farming, some farmers have started to spread his wings a chicken farm sector. Travel around
the village looking Jatiluwih has built a chicken coop which reduces the attraction of beauty and
did not rule out that in all the rice fields will dibagun chicken farm is also in the future which
may result in air pollution caused by odors The chicken manure.
World Tourism Organization (WTO) actually has outlined a policy of sustainable tourism
development that focuses on three things: the sustainability of natural, social and cultural, and
economic. This concept clearly state that tourism development should not damage the natural,
environmental, and land, especially agricultural land. Agrotourism is a model of tourism
development has a close link between agriculture and tourism.
How to synergize agriculture with tourism? Development of Agrotourism is an appropriate
model of development and developing a complete model of cultural tourism development in Bali
today. Agro is agriculture-based tourism development, better utilization of agricultural activities
such as plowing, planting and harvesting rice as a tourist attraction, tourist attractions and tourist
attractions as well as the utilization of agricultural products like rice, vegetables and fruit for the
tourism industry like hotels and restaurants a tourist destination. Agro-Plaga good in Badung
regency, is one example of agrotourism object which utilize organic farming as a tourist
attraction. Direct tourists can see a wide range of crops (vegetables and fruits) and agricultural
activities are carried out by local people in that place. In addition, tourists can also reap the fruits
directly around the area Bagus Agro watching the beautiful scenery and stunning hills. While the
farm is used for the benefit of hotel and restaurant that specializes in selling organic foods are
healthy foods and a trend for the tourists both domestic and foreign countries.
Not all ecotourism development can work well. Agrotourism in Sibetan-Karangasem district that
utilize agricultural activities and the bark of fruit-which is the icon of Bali as a tourist attraction
and appeal does not operate as planned. Many factors contribute to the failure of the management
of agro-tourism in this place. Ambiguity management of the main factors. Agrotourism object is
not managed well from the settlement area as object, the operational activities of the tour, and
human resources. Another factor is marketing. Agro Sibeten object has not been marketed to its
full potential by management so that managers have not been widely known by the tour operator
that sells tour packages in Bali. Tourism Office of the District government in particular should
mempetakan back Karangasem attractions in the region and further promoted through mass
media, television, internet and other media publications. In addition to management and
marketing, cooperation among tourism stakeholders (government, NGOs, local communities, the
tourism industry, and academia) have not been going well because only the travel agents who
sell travel packages to Bali East region are running on their own without any support from
stakeholders Other tourism.
In conclusion, it is possible to disenergikan agriculture and tourism are realized in the development of
agrotourism. It needs a commitment from all tourism stakeholders to work together to implement
kosep sustainable development (sustainable development) or in Bali Bali is often referred to as steady
the sustainability of natural resources, socio-cultural, and providing economic benefits to local
communities.

				
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posted:4/10/2012
language:English
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