Grade 8 Unit 6 2 Reconstruction review JL 2010 by Yh2SDXBu


   How should the South be rebuilt following the Civil War? Who should be responsible for the rebuilding?
   The Civil War left these and many other questions unanswered. Lincoln’s assassination left Andrew
   Johnson to confront Congress over how to rebuild the South. As a result of his battles with Congress,
   Johnson was impeached, but not removed from office. Southern governments set up Black codes to limit the
   rights of freedmen in the South. This helped convince Radical Republicans in Congress to take control of
   Reconstruction and harshly punish the former Confederates. The Freedmen’s Bureau and the 13th, 14th, and
   15th Amendments were enacted to help the former slaves, many of whom remained on the former plantations
   as sharecroppers. Carpetbaggers, scalawags, and freedmen worked to form new state governments in the
   South. Secret societies such as the Ku Klux Klan were formed to help maintain life the way it was before
   the Civil War. During this time, the “New South” developed a more diverse economy no longer depending
   solely on cotton for its existence. Ulysses Grant was President for most of the Reconstruction Period. The
   controversial election of Rutherford B. Hayes ended Reconstruction in 1876. After Reconstruction ended,
   voting restrictions, Jim Crow laws, and the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court decision led to a segregated
   South and would later give rise to the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950’s.
                 ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS                                        VOCABULARY
1. 1. What problems did our government have to face
       after the Civil War?                               Lincoln’s 10% Plan

                                                            John Wilkes Booth

2.   2. How did the nation change politically as a result
        of the Civil War?
                                                            13th Amendment

                                                            14th Amendment/ due process of law

     3. How did Reconstruction change the economy of
        the South?
                                                            15th Amendment


     4. What was included in the harsh Reconstruction
        Act of 1867?                                        Scalawags

                                                            Jim Crow Laws

     5. What role was played by U.S. Grant and his          Sharecroppers
        administration during Reconstruction?

6. List both positive and negative ways African-
   Americans were affected by Reconstruction.        Freedmen’s Bureau

                                                     Radical Republicans

                                                     Plessy v. Ferguson
7. Why did Radical Republicans in Congress want to
   take control of Reconstruction from President
   Johnson? What was the result of Johnson’s
   impeachment trial?                                Impeachment

                                                     Black Codes

                                                     Ku Klux Klan

                                                     Poll tax
8. Why was the 1876 election of Rutherford B.
   Hayes considered a disputed election? What
   impact did it have on Reconstruction?             literacy test

                                                     grandfather clause



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