Dropout Prevention and Persistence to Graduation

Document Sample
Dropout Prevention and Persistence to Graduation Powered By Docstoc
					Dropout Prevention
       and
  Persistence to
    Graduation

       Marty Bell
     October 28, 2008
    Jefferson County Public Schools
   28th largest school district in U.S.
   99,000+ students (slightly increased over last 5 years)
        1/7 of all students in KY
        36% African-American (½ of all
         African American students in KY)
        57.6% White
         7.7% Other
   153 Schools
        Preschool……………….3- and 4-year-olds
        K-5 (Elementary)………….  89 schools
        6-8 (Middle)………………..   22 schools
        9-12 (High)………………….     19 schools
        Special Education………….    9 schools
        Alternative/Other………….  14 schools
               Changes in Student
                 Demographics
                                          2003             2007        % Increase
Homeless                                   3,892           7,341         89%
English as a Second Language               1,907           3,081         62%
Exceptional Child Education              13,326          13,574            2%

Free/Reduced-Price Meals                 *2003            *2007        Change in
                                                                        Percent
      Elementary                         59.1%            60.9%          1.8%
      Middle                             51.6%            55.6%          4.0%
      High                               35.9%            44.6%          8.7%
                   * Source: JCPS Data Books for 2002-03 and 2006-07
Academic and Non-Academic Schooling
     History: Dropout vs. District

  On average, high risk indicators (school
 mobility, absenteeism, suspension) of
 students who dropout are evident in
 elementary
 Risk factors steadily increase from
 Elementary          Middle      High school
 (illustrated in following slides)
               Household Structure
                                 43.7%
45.0%                  41.5%
                                           40.3%   Dropout           District

40.0%

                                                   33.2%
35.0%


30.0%

          23.1%
25.0%

                                                             18.2%
20.0%


15.0%


10.0%


 5.0%


 0.0%
        Dual Parents           Single Parent       Other
                      School Absenteeism
                     Days Absent: Dropout & District Averages

              25
                   Dropout         District
                                                          23.6
              20
Days Absent




                                              18.75
              15

              10   11.26                                         13.1
                                                  10.77

              5              7.2

              0
                   Elementary                  Middle       High
                                                                   School Mobility
                                                            Mobility: Dropout & District Average
Percent of students who attended at least 2 schools




                                                      40%

                                                      35%    Dropout District
                                                                                            36%
                                                      30%
                  within one year




                                                      25%                       29%

                                                      20%
                                                                                      15%         16%
                                                      15%    17%
                                                                    11%
                                                      10%

                                                      5%

                                                      0%

                                                            Elementary          Middle       High
                                                         Suspensions
                                          % of Students Suspended: Dropout & District
                                                           Average
Percent of Students Suspended at least




                                         60%
                                               Dropout    District   52%
                                         50%
                                                                                 43%
                                         40%
               one time




                                         30%
                                                                           22%      21%
                                         20%

                                         10%     7%
                                                         3%
                                         0%
                                               Elementary             Middle     High
 Last KCCT Reading Performance

                                                                    43.2%
45.0%                               41.5%
        Dropout         District
40.0%



35.0%


30.0%
                                            25.3%
        25.3%                                                                            24.7%
25.0%

                                                                               19.2%
20.0%


                                                            14.0%
15.0%



10.0%            6.7%


 5.0%



 0.0%
        Novice                     Apprentice       Proficient/Distinguished   NoScore
            REDUCING DROPOUTS

               Dropouts’ Reported Reasons
                for Dropping Out of School
   Dislike school; bored with school; disengaged
   Lack of feeling connected to school
   Low academic achievement; poor or failing grades in core subjects
   Failure to be promoted to the next grade; retention
   Missed too many days to catch up; low attendance rate
   Need for employment to help family; difficulty juggling work and school
   Curriculum not perceived as having a real-world application
   Disciplinary reasons (repeated exclusionary discipline, and failure to
    return from a long-term suspension)
          HIGH SCHOOL
         RESTRUCTURING
 Freshman academies with smaller class size
 Trimester schedule (3x5 schedule)

 9th grade civics course

 Expansion of Advanced Placement and dual
  credit courses for college credit while in high
  school
 Enhanced virtual learning opportunities
     FRESHMAN ACADEMIES
   Smoother transition from middle school
   Build community & sense of belonging
   Nurture social-emotional skills
   Increase matriculation to 10th grade
   Increase attendance, decrease suspensions
   Begin connectedness to post-secondary
    3x5 TRIMESTER BENEFITS

   Students meet state requirements and
    continue to take valuable electives
   More instructional time for in-depth learning
   Common scope & sequence of curriculum
   Less load on both students and teachers
   Promotes both acceleration and remediation
   Expands opportunity for career and vocational
    program classes
 9th grade COMPREHENSIVE
    Term 1           Term 2               Term 3
English IA       English IB       English IC

Algebra IA       Algebra IB       Algebra IC

Soc. St. A       Soc. St. B       P. E.

Health           Science A        Science B

Voc. Rotation or Voc. Rotation or Voc. Rotation or
Elective         Elective         Elective
                                             College Now
                               Students earning post-secondary credits while still in high school

                     25,000             (duplicated count of students enrolled in classes)


                                                                     19,646                         19,532
Number of Students




                     20,000
                                                                               17,398
                                                14,001 14,729                            14,823
                     15,000

                                      10,343
                     10,000
                              6,578
                      5,000


                         0
                              2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08

                                                               School Year
           School-level
          Interventions
 FRYSC   -- Family Resource/Youth
  Services Centers
 Home-School Coordinators
 LEEP – Louisville Education and
  Employment Partnership
                           FRYSC
    Family Resource/Youth Services Centers
 95 Centers serve 131 schools
 Help students and families overcome barriers to
  educational success
 Provide, arrange for, or make referrals
        Adult education
        Health Services
        Social Services
        Employment training and placement
        Substance abuse counseling
        Family and mental health counseling
    Home School Coordinators
 14 Home School Coordinators
 Primary focus 75 freshmen
 Home visits
 Focus students
    Conflict resolution
    Self-esteem building
    Computer assisted instruction
 Parent workshops on dealing with teen issues
Louisville Education and Employment
          Partnership (LEEP)

 55 Student case load
 Student mentoring
 Career readiness training
 Outcomes
   Attendance
   Transition after graduation
   English/math achievement
           District-level
           Interventions
   Code of Acceptable Behavior and Discipline
   Student Bill of Rights
   Neighborhood Place (10 locations)
   STOP – Suspension/Truancy Off-site Program
   Assessment Center
   Parent prosecution
   Alternative Schools
  “A Place for Every Child”
      Teenage Pregnancy            Breckinridge Metropolitan
      Program (TAPP)
                                            High School
           397 students                      400 students


   Buechel Metropolitan                           State Agency Schools
     High School                 Student                    3,000 students
       550 students            Assessment
                                                    Liberty High School
Kennedy Metropolitan                                        800 students
     Middle School
      500 students

                                             JCPS eSchool
Jefferson County High School
                                                8,000 students
        2,000 students



                  NO E XPULSIONS
    Extra-Curricular Activities
               TOTAL: 102,807
               High School Activities

 Athletics                              8,506
 Activities                            65,640
TOTAL                                   74,146

               Middle School Activities

 Basket ball                              974
 Intramurals                            3,532
 Activities                            24,155
TOTAL                                   28,661
      JCPS Comprehensive School
        Survey – Parent Survey
                                                   Yes   No
   My child participates on sports teams
    sponsored by his/her school                    24%   76%
   My child participates in clubs or activities
                                                   45%   55%
    (besides sports) sponsored by his/her
    school
   My child participates in sports sponsored
    by community organizations                     47%   53%
   My child participates in clubs or activities
    (besides sports) sponsored by community        41%   58%
    organizations
                                 Hours in Community, Home,
   180,000
                                         and School


                                                                                                                             {
   160,000                                                                                                                        157,680



   140,000
                                                                                                                          33.3%

   120,000



   100,000
                                                                                                                                  105,120
Hours




        80,000



        60,000



        40,000



        20,000                                                                                                                           13%
                 8,760
                                                                                                                                   13,860
                     5,840               990                                                                                         8.79%
            0
                 1           2   3   4   5        6          7   8   9         10   11   12      13      14     15   16      17     18
                                                                         Age
                                               Hours Lived           Hours Aw ake             Hours in School
                    Vision
   Collect participation data on students in
    programs targeted and assess the impact of the
    program on identified student indicators

   ie: Does “Marty’s” participation in the After
    School program impact his attendance in school,
    discipline referrals in school, grades, or test
    scores.
          Partnership Indicators
       Academic achievement
         Test scores
         Basic skills test
         Achievement gap between standards of different
          races and socio-economic groups
         Ready for the next level
       Attendance
       Behaviors: discipline, suspensions,
        dropouts and transitions
   How
CASCADE
   and
 KidTrax
  Work
 Together.
Sheldon Berman
               Then and Now
100                                          94        Sites
                                                       Partners
 90

 80

 70                                               66

 60                                57

 50
                         38
 40            35                       34
 30
                              23
                    18
 20   14
           8
 10

  0
       2002     2003      2004      2005      2008
                 Examples of
             Organizations Involved
   Americana Community Center               Maryhurst
   All Care Community Center                Metroversity
   Bates Community Center                   Metro United Way (YMCA, Big
   Boys and Girls Club of America            Brothers-Big Sisters, etc.)
   Boys and Girls Club of Kentuckiana       Nativity Academy – St. Boniface
   Broadway Community Development           Neighborhood House
    Corp.                                    New Directions Community Centers
   Cabbage Patch                            New Zion Community Center
   Fairdale Area Community Centers           Foundation
   Forest Baptist                           Plymouth Community Center
   Jefferson County Public Schools          Presbyterian Community Center
   KentuckianaWorks (Workforce              River City Drum Core
    Investment Board)                        St. Anthony Community Outreach
   LacViet Academy                           Center
   Lincoln Foundation                       St. George Community Center
   Louisville Central Community Center      St. Stephen Family Life Center
   Louisville Metro                         Wesley House
   Louisville Urban League                  Youth Alive
   Louisville Youth Alliance                Youth Enhancement Services
     Outcomes - Attendance
96

94

92

90

88

86
                     Posttest                    F = 13.60,
                                                 p < .01,
        Treatment (N=901)   Comparison (N=764)   ES = .21
      Outcomes - Suspensions

250

200

150

100

 50

  0
                 Posttest
            Treatment   Comparison
        Outcomes - Reading
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
 5
 0
     Pretest-%PD       Posttest-%PD         Gain
                   Treatment   Comparison
   Status of 2006 Graduates
    Vocational/Technical School       Military Service
                             4.5%   2.0%
                                                                Employed
                                                           23.2%




                                                                    School
                                                                     and
                                                                     Work
                                                                 8.0%
  60.0%                                                     2.3%
College                                          Not working and not in school
           Questions?



Marty.bell@jefferson.kyschools.us

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:4/10/2012
language:English
pages:39