Europe 1919

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					The Treaty of Versailles 1919
Railway Carriage at Compiegne

 11.00a.m.   11th November 1918
On 28 June 1919, exactly 5
years after the murders at
Sarajevo, which had sparked
off the First World War, the
most powerful men in the
world met in a magnificent
palace just outside Paris. The
agreement they signed became
known as the Treaty of
                                   Palace of Versailles

                                 Why choose this venue?
                                                                    US President, Woodrow
                        The Treaty of Versailles

      Great Britain           France                   USA
   David Lloyd-George   Georges Clemenceau         Woodrow Wilson

British Prime Minister, Lloyd-George                                           Clemenceau
    The Treaty of Versailles 1919
   The terms of the Treaty were agreed by the
    winners – the big three

   Germany and her allies were not part of this
    discussion. Neither was Russia

   The German representatives were the
    summoned into the hall and told to sign

   At first they refused but faced with
    restarting the war they reluctantly signed
The League of Nations
   The idea of Woodrow Wilson the American

   All countries invited to join a league to settle
    disputes peacefully in future

   A good idea but - it did have weaknesses
  The Treaty of Versailles

• Germany to accept blame for
starting the First World War.

• Germany to pay reparations.

• Germany to lose lands in Europe
and abroad.

• Germany to lose armed forces.

 Germany had to promise to obey the
 League of Nations
June 1919
 The German people hated the Treaty and felt let
 down by their leaders

Over time this hatred and resentment would lead to another war.
The Actual Treaty
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
   The idea of such a tomb came to a chaplain at the Front, the Reverend
    David Railton, (in peacetime the vicar of Margate in Kent)

   At first the King found such a suggestion distasteful. Prime Minister
    David Lloyd George thought it was a fitting tribute and Westminster
    Abbey was chosen as the final resting-place for the Unknown Warrior.

   On the morning of 11th November 1920, the coffin was placed on a
    gun carriage. At 0940 hours the Unknown Warrior began his final
    journey through the crowd-lined streets, passing Whitehall where the
    Cenotaph was unveiled by King George V.

   The grave in the Abbey was filled in with earth from all the main

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