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How to Make a Resume

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					                      How to Make a Resume
    A resume is an advertisement about you. It should highlight how your skills, experience,
    and achievements match to the requirements of the job you want to get. What you
    include on your resume and how you organize your information will be different for each
    job. To make a resume that gets you a job interview, you have to decide which style of
    resume is most appropriate, and then only include information that the employer will find
    relevant. Determining the right style and creating a winning resume can be easily done if
    you follow these simple steps.



1. List your employment history. Your jobs should be listed in order with the most recent
   one first.

o   Include the name of the company, the city in which the company is located, your title,
    your duties and responsibilities, and the dates of employment for each employer.
o   Under each job description include a bold heading, which reads “major accomplishment”
    or “achievements”, and list two or three achievements or a major accomplishment for that
    position. For instance, you could list ways you saved the company money, made the
    office run more efficiently, or brought in new clients or customers. For example, you
    could include information on how you, “implemented a new filing system that saved
    $1.50 per client in supply and labor costs.”

                                                 2. 2

    Provide information on your education.


o   If you attended more than one college, university, or training program, list the most
    recent one first.
o   For each institution, include the name, city and state, and the degree or certificate you
    received.
o   If you had a cumulative grade point average (“GPA”) of 3.5 or better, list it as well.
o   If you did not attend college or trade school, do not include your high school education;
    including high school information on your resume doesn‟t look professional.

                                                 3. 3
    Add additional sections as needed. Because a resume is unique to each person, you
    may want to add additional sections in order to highlight something that makes you stand
    out as the right candidate for the particular job. For example:


o   If you have job specific skills, list them in a section titled „Special Skills.‟
o   If you are bi-lingual and the job favors those who speak more than one language, list the
    languages in which you are fluent under “Other Languages”.
o   If being computer literature is important to perform the job well, create a „Computer Skills‟
    section and list all of the programs, applications, and programming languages you know
    how to use.

      Functional Resume
    Determine if a functional resume is right for you. A functional resume is best suited for
    those who cannot show a steady career progression. This type of resume is designed to
    highlight specific skills rather than job titles. For example, a functional resume is best for
    people who have changed jobs frequently, or who have gaps in their work history. A
    mother who took time off to raise a family would likely benefit from a functional resume. A
    photographer who has won awards for their photographs, but who has only had one job
    working as a photographer would also benefit from the format of a functional resume.
    The focus of this type of resume is skills and experience, not job history.

                                              1. 1

    Determine whether to list your ‘Education’ or ‘Skills, Awards, and Achievements’
    first. Choose whichever best sells you as the best candidate for the job.


o   If you have a bachelor or graduate degree, you likely want to put your education first.
o   If you have job specific skills, or a large number of awards, you may want to list those
    first.
o   For example, if you don‟t have any paid job experience but you just graduated from
    college, listing your education first will highlight your most impressive accomplishment
    first.
o   If, on the other hand, you did have not completed your undergraduate studies yet but you
    have worked at 2 volunteer jobs and 2 internships, listing those accomplishments first will
    showcase how industrious you are.

                                              2. 2
    Provide details of your education. Regardless of whether you list your education first
    or second, it‟s important to give recruiters details of what you studied.


o   If you attended more than one college, university, or training program, list them with the
    most recent one first.
o   For each institution, include the name, city and state, and the degree or certificate you
    received.
o   If you had a cumulative grade point average (“GPA”) of 3.5 or better, list it as well.
o   If you did not attend college or trade school, do not include your high school education;
    including high school information on your resume doesn‟t look professional.

                                              3. 3
    Decide how to present your skills, awards, and achievements. You may divide these
    into three individual sections in your functional resume, or you can consolidate the
    information into one section.


o   Label each section something like “Special Skills,” “Awards & Achievements,” or “Major
    Achievements.”
o   This section, or these sections, could be presented as a list of the skills you have that are
    related to the particular job, a bullet point list of awards, a chronological description of
    your achievements, or some combination of the three.

                                             4. 4
    List your employment history. Since this isn‟t the strongest part of your resume, you‟ll
    want to list it at the end so that the recruiter reads through your more impressive
    accomplishments first.


o   You should include sub-headings for the type of experience each job provided you with,
    such as “Management Experience,” “Legal Experience,” or “Financial Experience.”
o   For each job, be sure to include the name of the company, the city in which the company
    is located, your title, your duties and responsibilities, and the dates of employment for
    each employer.
o   Optionally, under each job description you can include a bold heading, which reads
    “Major Accomplishment” or “Achievements,” and list two or three achievements or a
    major accomplishment for that position.
o   You may want to outline how you took the initiative to make the office run more efficiently
    by, “establishing office procedures to improve workflow and reduce paper costs.”

       Combination Resume
    Determine if a combination resume is right for you. A combination resume is best for
    those who have specific skills, and wish to highlight how they were acquired. If you‟ve
    developed a special skill set from a wide variety of activities, and if you have specific
    skills and an evolving work history where you acquired them, a combination resume is
    likely the best style of resume for you.

                                             1. 1
    Decide in what combination you will list your education, work history, and other
    achievements. Remember, your resume is an advertisement for you, so your best
    qualities should be listed first. For example, if you have a graduate degree, you may
    want to list your education first, or if you have won a prominent award in your field, you
    may chose to list your skills, awards, and achievements first. On the other hand, if your
    most recent role is an impressive achievement, make sure you start with that.



                                             2. 2
    List your employment history. This can be done in one of two ways:


o   If your work history includes positions in more than one field, you should list your jobs
    under functional sub-headings, which categorize the skills you used at each particular
    one (e.g., “Financial Experience,” “Customer Service Experience,” “Research
    Experience,” etc.). When listing your employment history in this manner, each sub-
    heading should contain a listing of the positions you‟ve held that relate to those functional
    areas. The listing should include the name and location of the employer, a description of
    your duties and responsibilities, the dates you were employed, and any accomplishments
    or achievements at that particular job.
o   If you can demonstrate that your evolving work history highlights the key skills you want
    to promote, you may want to list your work history in reverse chronological order, without
    including any sub-headings. Instead of the subheadings, you could strategically select
    the way you word your descriptions of your roles and responsibilities to highlight how you
    honed those skills.

                                             3. 3
    Provide information about your education. The details you include about your
    education will be the same as the details you‟d include in other resume styles; the
    difference is in where you present the information on the resume. For each college,
    university, or trade school you have attended, list the name and location of the institution,
    the degree or certificate you received, and the years you attended. If your grade point
    average (“GPA”) was 3.5 or higher, you may want to list it as well.



                                             4. 4
    Provide information on your skills, awards, and achievements. This can be blocked
    into one section, or they can be distributed within the sub-headings of your resume that
    highlight specific skills.



       Formatting Your Resume
    Regardless of which resume style you choose to use, it should always be formatted in a
    specific way. Proper formatting ensures that your accomplishment will be noticed instead
    of the font. By following the guidelines below, you‟ll be helping yourself polish your
    resume so that it makes a strong first impression.

                                             1. 1

    Format your resume. Some guidelines to follow when formatting your resume:


o   Set your margins to 1” all the way around.
o   Use a standard font such as Arial or Times New Roman.
o   Use font size 16 for your name, 14 for section headings, and 12 for all other text.
o   Use bold font for your name and section headings.
o   Use plenty of white space (blank lines). The proper use of white space will make your
    resume easy to scan quickly and much easier to read.
o   Always use white paper and black font.

                                             2. 2

    Create your heading. The heading of your resume should include your name, address,
    telephone number, and e-mail address. Your name should be in 16-point bold type, and
    the rest of the heading in regular 12-point font. You may either center the information, or
    justify it to the left or right of the page.



                                             3. 3
    Spell check and proofread your resume. This step cannot be overemphasized.
    Proofread your resume several times. Have someone else proofread it. Then, have
    another person further removed from you read it. Spelling and grammar errors in a
    resume will get it discarded regardless of your skills and experience. Some things to look
    for when proofreading are:


o   Spelling mistakes
o   Grammatical errors
o   Incorrect contact information
o   Typos
o   Misuse of the apostrophe, plurals, and possessives

				
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