2009-2010 Flu Season

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2009-2010 Flu Season Powered By Docstoc
					2009-2010 Flu Season



   It’s In Your
      Hands!
      St. Croix County DHHS- Public Health
Influenza Resource Center PSA
    www.co.saint-croix.wi.us
More than one type of flu:


         Seasonal Influenza
               and
       H1N1 Novel Influenza
We want everyone to be


   Motivated not frantic
Informed not overwhelmed
  Prepared not panicked
Seasonal Influenza

 Outbreak every year between Nov. and April
 Vaccine available each year based on
  circulating strains (H1,H3,& B)
 Associated with about 36,000 deaths per year
  in U.S.
  -Most deaths(90%) in persons 65 and older
 More than 225,000 hospitalizations each year
  in U.S.
     Half of hospitalizations in person 65 and older
Seasonal Influenza Vaccine
 Plenty of vaccine expected this year; some
  arriving already
 Age and risk groups have not changed for
  this year
 Start vaccinating as soon as it becomes
  available; no such thing as too soon or too
  late
 No evidence of waning immunity in those
  vaccinated in late summer or early fall
Pandemic Influenza
H1N1 Novel Influenza
 This is the first pandemic influenza in 40 years; novel
  strain of virus
 Little to no immunity in general public
 Based on first wave the transmissibility is similar to or
  greater than seasonal influenza
 The symptom severity is currently similar to seasonal
  influenza although the cases are generally younger
      Underlying conditions: asthma, other respiratory
       conditions, obesity, pregnancy, diabetes,
       cardiovascular, neurological, and other
 Attack rates is about 20% in U.S. households
H1N1 Vaccine
 The five manufacturers that already produce U.S.
    licensed seasonal vaccine are making the H1N1
    vaccine
   It is manufactured using the same process and
    facilities as seasonal flu vaccine
   Ongoing clinical trial of H1N1 vaccine investigates
    efficacy and early reports from CDC indicate that
    vaccine is a match
   There will be some preservative-free vaccine for
    young children and pregnant women
   This is a completely voluntary vaccination campaign
Seasonal vs. H1N1 Vaccine
 Seasonal flu vaccine campaigns and H1N1
  vaccine campaigns will focus on different
  priority groups so this may be confusing.
 Seasonal flu campaigns have traditionally
  focused on the elderly
 H1N1 flu campaigns will focus more on the
  young.
 As vaccine supply for younger age groups is
  met, vaccine will be offered to those in older
  age groups
H1N1 Priority Groups
 Advisory Committee on Immunizations
 Practices recommended that the initial
 vaccination efforts focus on five key
 populations:
     All pregnant women
     Healthcare and emergency services personnel
     All people 6 months through 24 years of age
     People who live with or care for children under
      6 months
     People aged 25 through 64 years who have
      underlying conditions
Cost of H1N1 Vaccine
 All H1N1 vaccine will be purchased by the
  federal government and provided to
  vaccinators at no cost (plus needles,
  syringes, sharps containers, and alcohol
  pads)
 Clinicians may charge an administration fee
  for the costs associated with giving the shot
Four Pillars of Public Health Response
 Surveillance- understanding the situation
 Vaccination-reducing illness
 Community Mitigation: reducing transmission
  of illness
 Communication-supporting individual and
  community decisions with sound information
  and timely messages.
Everyone has a role in this!
Community mitigations:
 Vaccination
 standard precautions:
      Cover your cough and sneeze with arm or sleeve
      Stay home if you are sick-(24 hours fever free before
       return)
      Wash hands often with soap and water
      Don’t share drinking cups and straws
      Plenty of sleep and eat well
      Frequently clean commonly touched surfaces
              Mitigation Formula:

                        Standard Precautions:

                            •Cover your cough and sneeze with arm or
                            sleeve

                            •Stay home if you are sick-(24 hours fever
                            free before return)
Vaccination
                            •Wash hands often with soap and water

                            •Don’t share drinking cups and straws

                            •Plenty of sleep and eat well

                            •Frequently clean commonly touched
                            surfaces
Goals of Community Mitigation

                       1. Delay the outbreak
                          peak

                       2. Reduce the outbreak
                          peak to lessen
                          burden on
                          infrastructure

                       3. Prevent cases and
                          lessen the health
                          impacts to those
                          who do become ill.



It’s In Our Hands!
Resources:
 www.co.saint-croix.wi.us
 www.flu.gov
 www.cdc.gov
 http://pandemic.wisconsin.gov/

				
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