TB treatment and methods of infection Is a chronic disease caused by infection with TB germs of this disease may affect different parts of the body which affects mainly the lungs. It kills 2 million people each year. The global epidemic is growing and becoming more dangerous. Disruption of health services, the spread of AIDS and the emergence of species of bacterium tuberculosis resistant to many drugs is a factor contributing to the increase in the bad influence of this disease. In 1993, the World Health Organization took the unprecedented step and declared that the instance of the modern global epidemic of tuberculosis a global emergency. And currently is estimated is estimated that between 2000 and 2020 will be a billion people infected tuberculosis infection to date, and that 200 million people become sick, and 35 million will die from TB - if not to support the efforts to control it. It is estimated that every second person in the world infected with tuberculosis a recent injury, or almost one percent of the world population are infected with TB infection date each year. It is also estimated that one third of the world's population are living germ of tuberculosis. And 5-10% of patients with active TB become infected or carriers of the bacteria at some time during their lives. Modes of transmission: TB disease is contagious. Such as the common cold, it spreads through the air. Infection first affects people possess a non-immunity is sufficient. Transmission occurs through patients with pulmonary TB only. When a people with a cough, sneeze, talk or spit, they publish the germs, known as the tuberculosis bacillus, in the air. In order to be infected a healthy person needs to inhale a small number of these germs. In a few cases are primary infections, severe and develop into tuberculosis runaway can occur in places several of the body but most often cures the patient of this injury and Abaka place deposits of limestone and keep germs locked for a long time, and in the weakness of the person or suffered illness caused him wasting still sediment limestone and active TB germs of a new person, causing the so-called secondary tuberculosis, starting with severe chronic cough and general weakness and weight loss, chest pain, and sometimes there is blood with spit and phlegm. If not treat a person with active TB, it is spreading the infection to 10 or 15 people a year. But not necessarily everyone infected with TB patients. The body's immune system is the packaging or restrict the germ of tuberculosis is mainly protected by a thick waxy coat, can be kept Khameneh for years. So when a person with weakened immunity become the greatest opportunities for the emergence of the disease. The patient is diagnosed by radiography and symptoms of the disease and distinctive as well as the presence of bacteria in the sputum and sputum when examined by Kterriologgio. Tuberculosis treatment: When the discovery of active TB cases (the presence of bacteria in sputum) who are starting therapy should be based on anti-TB drugs given in a certain way and the specific doses. Duration of treatment lasts from 6 to 8 months. More drugs used to treat TB are isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, streptomycin, ethambutol.
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