California food workers fight to save health care 3
Oct. 30, 2003 Vol. 45, No. 42
La ONU Lo que esconde
workers and oppressed peoples la resolución sobre Irak 16
of the world unite!
AS IRAQI RESISTANCE GROWS.
Bush tries to sell
‘endless war’ to Asia
By Fred Goldstein threat could easily be construed as broader in application, since
THE WORLD IN YOUR HANDS: Bush has described any number of countries as enemies—includ-
The “endless war” plans of the Bush administration after Sept. ing Iran, Syria, Cuba, Libya and North Korea.
11 were to crush Afghanistan, destroy the regime of Saddam
Popular movements Hussein and quickly stabilize puppet colonial regimes in both U.S. pressure on Korea
shake BOLIVIA, countries. Bush wanted to use this momentum of military ter- Bush went to South Korea to pressure the government there
ror to move rapidly forward with a campaign of “regime change” to send troops to Iraq and to get it to commit money for the Iraq
LATIN AMERICA 13 and “preemptive war” directed against all governments and lib- occupation at the upcoming Madrid Donors Conference to take
eration movements that refused the dictates of Washington. place on Oct. 23-24. The South Korean president, Roh Moo-
The momentum of this campaign, however, has been drasti- hyun, agreed in principle. However, fearful of mass opposition,
What you're not seeing cally slowed by the determined resistance of the Iraqi people to he made the timing and the number of troops conditional on
in the big-business media the brutal colonial occupation of their country, with more and “taking into account public opinion.”
more U.S. soldiers being killed and wounded on a daily basis and Bush also pressed the South Korean government to support
hatred for the occupiers spreading throughout Iraq. his new initiative of getting the Democratic People’s Republic of
KOREA & CONGO But as Bush’s poll numbers sink at home, under the impact of
the growing U.S. casualty rate and the skyrocketing costs of the
Korea—North Korea—to agree to destroy its nuclear weapons
program in exchange for a multilateral security “guarantee” that
occupation, the administration’s response is to go abroad to the U.S. would not militarily attack Korea. This proposal is, on
stoke up a war psychology at home and to rekindle support for the surface, a partial retreat from the previous “no negotiation”
Why it's so vital its campaign of aggression and world domination. hard line of the Rumsfeld-Cheney faction.
to build struggle for Before Bush embarked on his trip to Asia, he set the political But it can also be seen as a maneuver by Bush and his admin-
SOCIALISM & to tone while appearing with Gov.-elect Arnold Schwarzenegger in istration to make the U.S. look “reasonable,” when in actuality
ABOLISH WAR San Bernardino, Calif. Bush declared “America is following a new they are maliciously proposing something that is highly unac-
– Mark Dec. 6-7 on your strategy,” according to the Oct. 17 New York Times. “We are not
waiting for further attacks. We are striking our enemies before
ceptable to the North Koreans and lays the basis for further U.S.
aggression. It’s a way of avoiding the completely justifiable North
activist calendar! 10-11 they can strike us.” Korean demand that the U.S. sign a non-aggression treaty, which
Thus Bush was reiterating his “preemptive war” doctrine, and would have to be ratified by the U.S. Senate.
specifically laying the basis for expanded intervention in Asia. The fact is that North Korea was invaded by the U.S. military
Hell no, they won't go! The Philippines and Indonesia were mentioned by name, but the Continued on page 8
and F R E E
STEPHEN FUNK 6
U.S. PRISONERS ,
REPRESSION & WAR 9
‘HAPPY DAYS here again’?
LABOR and the
what $87 BILLION
could provide 4-5
Are they really 'PEACE'
Trial: $2 for 8 weeks. One year: $25
WORKERS WORLD NEWSPAPER
55 W.17 St.NY, NY 10011 (212) 627-2994
Page 2 Oct. 30, 2003 www.workers.org
Dollars for change
e can’t think of any time in recent history when the working class has been Calif. food workers fight for health care. . . . . . . . . . . 3
more disgusted with both the big corporations and their political repre- Wal-Mart charged with sex discrimination . . . . . . . . . 3
sentatives in Washington and the statehouses. Labor and the anti-war movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
As we found out Oct. 4 when we distributed thousands of copies of Workers World The $2-trillion rat hole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
to the big immigrant-rights march in Queens, N.Y., these low-paid workers are eager GI anger grows over role in Iraq. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
to hear from the left. And they are very interested in the movements that are resisting Free Stephen Funk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
the Bush administration’s disastrous drive for world empire. Are Dean and Clark really “peace” candidates? . . . . . 7
Prisons and imperialist war. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
WW newspaper is already an important resource for many different struggle move-
Only socialism can abolish imperialist war . . . . . . . . 10
ments here. Now the spread of the Internet has made our web page, emails and down-
Revive the struggle for socialism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
loadable PDF version of the newspaper accessible to anti-imperialists all over the
world. We get many letters and messages whose essence is, “Wow! We didn’t know International
such a revolutionary newspaper existed in the United States!” Bush tries to sell “endless war” to Asia . . . . . . . . . . . 1
We think that many opportunities are opening up to infuse the struggles for jobs, U.S., Israel step up war on Palestinians . . . . . . . . . . 12
education, housing and justice with a socialist perspective, one that rejects every form Building unity with the Palestinian struggle . . . . . . . 12
of bigotry and oppression. We want to make Workers World bigger and better to meet Bolivian people get ready for next round . . . . . . . . . 13
these challenges. Popular movements shake Latin America . . . . . . . . . 13
This issue that you’re reading now is a special 16-pager put out for the major demon- Korean people resist Bush’s war drive . . . . . . . . . . . 14
strations in Washington, D.C., and San Francisco against war and occupation.
You can contribute to this work by making a special contribution to the WW Fall Editorials
Fund Drive. Our goal is $60,000. That’s what it takes to keep an office, produce the Congo, Africa and imperialism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
newspaper, mail it to subscribers and get it out to the public at picket lines, demonstra-
Noticias En Español
tions and rallies and online. It would cost much more, but all the labor is free—donated
Resolución de la ONU sobre Irak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
by workers who deeply want to get a socialist message and analysis out to our class.
Help spread the socialist message to the millions who need to know that another WW CALENDAR
world IS possible, and that they can help bring it to birth. Make a contribution today.
LOS ANGELES.. Iran and U.S. Strategy in the
Middle EAst. Featuring analy-
Thanks for your support, Every Friday sis by an Iranian activist. 5
Workers World Party weekly p.m. At 2489 Mission St,
meetings at 7:30 p.m. Dinner room 28. For info (415) 826-
Deirdre Griswold at 7. At 422 S. Western. 4828.
Workers World Editor Phone (213) 500-0529 for
NEW YORK.. Sat., Nov. 1
Rally and march to demand
Every Friday FREEDOM NOW for Mumia
Workers World Party weekly
Join the Workers World
Abu-Jamal! 11a.m.-2:30 p.m.
meeting. 7 p.m. (Dinner at corner of 6th and Market Sts.,
6:30) 55 W. 17th St., 5th fl., Center City Sponsored by
Manhattan. For info (212) International Concerned
627-2994. Family and Friends.
Sat., Oct. 25
March & rally 11 a.m. Civic Sat., Oct. 25
Supporters who contribute $75 a year receive a year’s subscription, a monthly letter and five Center, Grove & Larkin. For March & rally 11 a.m.
free trial subscriptions. Sponsors who contribute $100 also get a book published by WW info (415) 821-6545. Washington Monument. For
Sun., Nov. 2 info (202) 544-3389 in D.C.
Publishers. Sustainers also get five books or videos. or (212) 633-6646 in NYC.
Workers World Party Forum:
$75 Enclosed to become a WW Supporter. $100 Enclosed to become a WW Sponsor.
$300 Enclosed to become a WW Sustainer. One time donation of $ _________.
Enclosed 1st monthly payment: $6 (Supporter) $10 (Sponsor) $25 (Sustainer) 55 West 17 Street
Please send me more information about the Supporter Program. New York, N.Y. 10011
Phone: (212) 627-2994
Please send a card for me to the recipient of the gift subscription.
Fax: (212) 675-7869
Give to the Workers World Fall 2003 Fund Drive Web: www.workers.org
I pledge $ _______ to the Workers World 2003 Fall Fund Drive. Vol. 45, No. 43 • Oct. 30, 2003
Enclosed is my first payment of $ _______ I plan to finish payment by ___________ (date). Closing date: Oct. 22, 2003
Enclosed is my total payment of $ _______ to the Fall Fund Drive.
Editor: Deirdre Griswold;
Please fill in your name and address below.
Technical Editor: Lal Roohk;
Name ___________________________________________________________________ Phone ______________________________________ Managing Editors: John Catalinotto, Leslie Feinberg,
Monica Moorehead, Gary Wilson;
Address ____________________________________________City/State/Zip ________________________ Email _______________________ West Coast Editors: Richard Becker, Gloria La Riva;
Contributing Editors: Greg Butterfield, Pat Chin, Fred
Clip and return to Workers World Newspaper 55 W. 17th St., 5th Fl., New York, NY 10011
Goldstein, Teresa Gutierrez;
212.627.2994 ' fax: 212.675.7869 ' www.workers.org ' email: email@example.com Technical Staff: John Beacham, Joe Delaplaine, Shelley
Ettinger, Hank Sambach;
Mundo Obrero: Carl Glenn, Berta Joubert-Cecei, Carlos
JOIN US. Workers World Atlanta P.O. Box 424, Chicago P.O. Box 06178, Los Angeles San Francisco Vargas;
Party (WWP) fights on all Atlanta, Ga. 30301 Wacker Drive Station, 269 S. Western Ave., 2489 Mission St. Internet: Janet Mayes
issues that face the (404) 235-5704 Chicago, Ill. 60606 Room 110, Rm. 28,
working class and (773) 381-5839; Los Angeles, Calif. 90004 San Francisco, Workers World-WW (ISSN-1070-4205) is published weekly
oppressed peoples—Black Baltimore 426 E. 31 St., Fax (773) 761-9330; (213) 500-0529 Calif. 94110
Baltimore, Md. 21218 except the first week of January by WW Publishers, 55 W. 17
and white, Latino, Asian, firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com (415) 826-4828;
Arab and Native peoples, (410) 235-7040 fax (415) 821-5782; St., N.Y., N.Y. 10011. Phone: (212) 627-2994. Subscriptions:
firstname.lastname@example.org Cleveland Philadelphia
women and men, young P.O. Box 9202, email@example.com One year: $25; foreign and institutions: $35. Letters to the
and old, lesbian, gay, bi, P.O. Box 5963
Boston 31 Germania St., Cleveland, OH 44101 Philadelphia, Pa. 19139 Seattle editor may be condensed and edited. Articles can be freely
straight, trans, disabled, (610) 352-3625; 1218 E. Cherry #201,
Boston, Mass. 02130 phone (216) 531-4004 reprinted, with credit to Workers World, 55 W. 17 St., New
working, unemployed firstname.lastname@example.org Seattle, Wash. 98122
(Enter at 284 Amory St.) email@example.com
and students. (206) 325-0085; York, NY 10011. Back issues and individual articles are avail-
(617) 983-3835; Richmond, Va.
If you would like to know Detroit firstname.lastname@example.org able on microfilm and/or photocopy from University
Fax (617) 983-3836 P.O. Box 14602,
more about WWP, or to 5920 Second Ave., Microfilms International, 300 Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Mich.
email@example.com Richmond, Va. 23221 State College, Pa.
join us in these struggles, Detroit, Mich. 48202
firstname.lastname@example.org 100 Grandview Rd., 48106. A searchable archive is available on the Web at
contact the branch near- Buffalo, N.Y. (313) 831-0750;
Rochester, N.Y. State College, www.workers.org.
est you. P.O. Box 1204 email@example.com
2117 Buffalo Rd., PMB. Pa. 16801
Buffalo NY 14213 Houston (814) 237-8695
(716) 857-2112 303, Rochester, N.Y. 14624 Selected articles are available via e-mail subscription. Send
National Office P.O. Box 130322, (716) 436-6458; Washington, D.C.
55 W. 17 St., firstname.lastname@example.org Houston, Texas an e-mail message to email@example.com.
San Diego, Calif. P.O. Box 57300,
New York, N.Y. 10011 77219 (713) 861-5965 Washington, DC 20037,
(212) 627-2994; firstname.lastname@example.org 3930 Oregon St., Suite 230 Periodicals postage paid at New York, N.Y. POSTMASTER:
San Diego, Calif. 92104 email@example.com
Fax (212) 675-7869 Send address changes to Workers World-WW, 55 W. 17 St.,
firstname.lastname@example.org (619) 692-4496
5th Floor, New York, N.Y. 10011.
www.workers.org Oct. 30, 2003 Page 3
California food workers
fight to save health care
By John Parker poverty. They took out a full-page ad in worked 10 to 30 years making these stores
Los Angeles major newspapers including the Los run smoothly and all they’ve worked for
Angeles Times, falsely stating that they could be lost.”
You can hear the solidarity beeps from are just asking $5 a week for individuals As if this is not enough, she said,
motorists passing by striking and locked- and $15 a week for families’ health-care Ralphs is now planning to build two addi-
out workers at their local Ralphs, Vons or contribution. Regarding wages, the ad tional stores in California and hire non-
Albertson’s store—honking in solidarity asserted, “a full-time food clerk in union workers. The UFCW would have to
with the over 70,000 striking United Southern California can earn as much as pay for the cost of organizing the shop
Food and Commercial Workers union $17.90 an hour. ... We’ve offered our cur- once it was established as a non-union
members here in Southern California. rent employees a wage increase plus two facility.
However, it’s noticeably quieter in the lump-sum bonuses.” Because there is so much at stake,
store aisles. UFCW Local 770 quickly took these lies Orozco says, the members remain deter-
“By 10 a.m. there’s usually many regis- to task on its web site. The union mined. “As a group we are willing to stay
ters open, but this morning only one was explained that regarding health care, the until we get a fair health contract because
open,” locked-out UFCW picketer Karen companies also want to increase co-pay- as union members we know that this is a
Donaldson told Workers World on Oct. 16. ments, institute deductibles and place worthy cause to fight for,” she concluded.
She was talking about the usually busy caps on payments for prescriptions and Another excuse used by the grocery
Ralphs, with a two-story parking garage surgeries. All this would amount to a 50- chains is that they are forced to make these
on Western Avenue. percent cut in medical benefits that would cuts because of shrinking market share.
Community solidarity has been WW PHOTOS: BOB MORRIS shift almost a billion dollars in health care However, the statistics don’t support this.
strengthened by the Teamsters union. Its costs onto the workers over the term of the In the first place, over the past five years
members refuse to drive trucks across the even bigger. It took place in the Black com- contract. the big three’s profits have increased by 91
picket lines, and have threatened a soli- munity on Oct. 20. In addition, medical costs paid by percent. In addition, in Southern
darity strike. At least six unions were represented at retirees would increase by hundreds of California the Ralphs, Albertson’s and
Teamster officials said Oct. 13 that the these rallies. Joining Icaza were Los dollars a month if the stores get their way. Vons alone claim about 65 percent of the
union, which represents warehouse Angeles County Labor Federation Pre- Regarding wages, many of the employ- total market share; the closest competi-
workers and tractor-trailer drivers, was sident Miguel Contreras along with rep- ees earn less than $10 an hour. Seventy- tors are Stater Brothers with 4.8 percent
preparing to expand its support of the resentatives and rank-and-file members five percent of supermarket employees and Smart and Final with 3.4 percent of
grocery workers’ strike. “It’s going to hap- from the Teamsters, Hotel and Restaurant work part-time. These workers average the market.
pen,” said Jim Santangelo, president of Employees, Television and Radio Artists, $312 a week. Also, the supposed market shrink did-
the Teamsters Joint Council 42 in El Service Employees and other unions. All In addition, management intends to n’t stop Safeway CEO Steven Burd from
Monte. “That really affects the compa- carried placards representing their slash wages for new employees. This receiving his annual salary of $1 million
nies, big time.” unions. would create a second tier of employees with a bonus of $258,000. He usually gets
The strike and lockout involve a work At the first rally, while workers were ral- who would be paid much less than their a $1.1 million bonus but sacrificed and
force that is predominantly Black, Latina/o lying and hearing talks, members of the co-workers, providing an economic incen- only took the lower amount. He made up
and Asian workers with a high proportion Community Action Project to Support tive to replace current employees. for this, however, by taking over $9 mil-
of women. They began Oct. 11 with Safe- Labor stood by the entrance of the Vons Regarding workers close to retirement, lion in stock sales since Sept. 8.
way’s, Vons and Pavilion employees, fol- Pavilion discouraging shoppers from Ely Orozco, a member of Local 770 pick- By the way, Burd never checked out any
lowed by lockouts from the employers at crossing the picket line. The group is a eting at the Ralphs in Korea Town, told bags in his career. He never held an hourly
Ralphs and Albertson’s. subcommittee of the Los Angeles chapter Workers World, “There are people who’ve wage job at a supermarket. His career
The next day, a Sunday, UFCW picket of the anti-war coalition prior to Safeway consisted of
lines surrounded nearly 900 Southern ANSWER—Act Now to Stop buying and selling with the
California stores. War and End Racism. money made by others’ labor.
“They’re talking about cutting our ben- These activists promoted
efits in half,” said UFCW Local 770 Presi- solidarity with the UFCW ‘Organize Wal-Mart!’
dent Rick Icaza. Fifteen thousand Local workers with leaflets headlined The Rev. Jesse Jackson was
770 grocery workers are on strike in Los “Community Support Needed.” cheered when he told UFCW
Angeles County. “This could mean the loss Union members at the rally workers and supporters at the
of vision coverage, dental, even pension received ANSWER volunteers Oct. 20 solidarity rally that this
benefits. That’s how Draconian this is.” enthusiastically, and a few assault was not just about
The threats against health care inspired union members grabbed leaf- health care, but also about a
a mountain of support from other unions lets to help distribute to Wall-Street-driven effort to
in addition to the Teamsters. Many hun- passers-by and workers. bust the union. He led a thun-
dreds attended two union solidarity rallies derous chant that could be
within one week. Crocodile tears heard for blocks, repeated in
The first one was at Vons Pavilion near The Greedy Three are trying
Hollywood on Oct. 16. The second, nine to justify their vicious attacks
days after the strike was first called, was on the workers by crying Continued on page 4
Biggest civil rights lawsuit in history
Wal-Mart charged with sex discrimination
By Sue Davis motions because of their sex. It’s no secret that anti-union Wal- But don’t think the bosses cut a better
Statistics show that women make up 65 Mart is ruthless in its pursuit of profit. deal for women managers and profes-
On Sept. 24 a U.S. District Court judge percent of the current Wal-Mart sales The number of lawsuits it has lost—for sionals. On the contrary, the gap
heard arguments on turning a case force, but only 33 percent of managers. discriminating against African American between men’s and women’s earnings
charging Wal-Mart with sex discrimina- Only after the lawsuit was filed did the men and people with disabilities, for widens as the rungs of the corporate
tion into a class-action lawsuit. If the company begin posting job openings so example—is huge. In fact, the National ladder get higher. Managerial and pro-
judge decides in favor, the case would all workers could apply. Organization for Women has a Web fessional men were paid on average
become the biggest civil-rights lawsuit in Though she struggled for seven years page detailing cases, and Web sites like $1,058 per week in 2002 compared with
history—involving 1.6 million current or for a promotion, plaintiff Christine www.walmartwatch.com track the com- $756 for women.
former female workers. Should Wal- Kwapnoski didn’t get one until after the pany’s many unfair labor practices. The case against Wal-Mart holds
Mart lose, it would have to stop its sexist lawsuit was filed. She can document that No matter how bad Wal-Mart’s record huge potential. A victory could be used
practices, pay millions of dollars in com- she earned a nickel an hour more than may be, paying women less than men for by unions, women’s organizations and
pensatory wages back to 1998 and adjust a male counterpart who had half her comparable work is standard operating social-justice groups to demand equal
wages going forward. experience. Lead plaintiff Betty Dukes, procedure under capitalism. Depart- pay for all women workers. What’s
Six female Wal-Mart workers in differ- who’s worked for Wal-Mart since 1994, ment of Labor statistics for 2002 show needed to win such a victory are mass
ent cities filed the lawsuit in 2001. They says: “I saw a lot of men advancing; that median weekly earnings for all demonstrations before and during the
charge that the world’s biggest private opportunities did not seem to be women were $530 compared with $609 trial. There’s nothing like the workers’
retail corporation paid them on average there for me. It’s beyond my store for men. Earnings specifically for righteous anger to frighten the likes of
$1,400 less than male co-workers and in Pittsburgh.” (Contra Costa Times, African American and Latina women are Wal-Mart’s billionaire owner Sam
that they were overlooked or denied pro- Sept. 25) even lower. Robson Walton into paying up.
Page 4 Oct. 30, 2003 www.workers.org
Natural allies in the making
Labor and the anti-war movement
By Milt Neidenberg dictable, except for excessive credit card grant-bashing, racism and repression. try to take back every economic and social
use, as long-term unemployment and cur- They demanded jobs and the right to orga- gain the unions have won over years of
“Happy days are here again”—so say rent layoffs remain high. And poverty is nize and join unions. Some traveled strikes and struggles.
Wall Street and the Bush administration. growing among all sectors of the work throughout the country gathering support As a strike becomes effective, the
In September, the Federal Reserve Board force, particularly among people of color for the rally in Queens, N.Y. These work- employers call on the capitalist govern-
reported a jump in industrial output and and teenagers. ers know that the war against Iraq is not ment to use all its powers to break the will
a spike in auto production, along with “U.S. Overcapacity Stalls New Jobs and in their interests. of the workers, who have the legal right to
increases in defense and space equipment Surplus of Boom-Era Factories Has Strikes and work stoppages raise the withhold their labor. From national
production. Industry Loathe to Hire,” announced the banner of unity. This unity can spill over strikes that stop interstate commerce to
The increases gave the military-indus- front-page headline of an Oct. 19 New to workers here and abroad. The local stoppages, the employers and the
trial complex a tremendous boost in prof- York Times article by Louis Uchitelle, a strike/lockout involving 70,000 United government will conspire to break it up by
its as the Pentagon continued to spend prominent economic analyst. The well- Food and Commercial Workers in south- using any anti-labor law, injunctions,
money at a reckless pace on the Iraq War documented article stated: “Not since the ern and central California, including Los arrests and scabs to starve the workers out
and other imperialist conquests. severe recession of the early 1980s has Angeles, against the three largest gro- and frame up the leaders.
The recent $87-billion “supplemental” capacity use in manufacturing stayed so cery chains with 859 stores, has spread
appropriation is intended to give a shot in low for so long a time, government data to 44 stores in West Virginia, Kentucky Union yes, war no
the arm to industrial expansion. Approved show. ... On average, manufacturers are and southern Ohio. (New York Times, Today, the U.S. union movement needs
overwhelmingly by both capitalist parties, using less than 73 percent of capacity. ... Oct. 14) allies to change the relationship of class
it sends a strong message that George W. This is true with a vengeance.” The work stoppage at Ford in Genk, forces in the face of a formidable enemy.
Bush and his war-mongering class are in Workers are being pushed to the limit, Belgium, is a splendid example of the sol- In a period of imperialist wars, the unions
the Iraq occupation to the bitter end. increasing productivity and glutting idarity that has been spreading in Europe. are in battle against their parasitical
This obscene amount, added to the markets here and abroad. And the U.S. Strikes, work stoppages and demonstra- employers, who grab obscene salaries,
billions already spent, guarantees giant faces shrinking world markets in the face tions in Latin America, Asia and else- bonuses, stock options, and lifetime guar-
corporations like Halliburton, Bechtel of global resistance. Militarism, war and where, are getting attention and support antees of health care and pensions.
and others long-term profits that will permanent unemployment are the ruling from other sectors of the labor movement In a war economy, every strike and work
divert funds so necessary to run social class’s solution to these devastating internationally. stoppage becomes a political struggle. The
programs here. contradictions. anti-war movement and the labor move-
U.S. troops will stay longer to protect Strikes are schools ment need each other.
those investments and nullify the right of War in Iraq, war at home of class warfare Will the AFL-CIO leaders, who have
the Iraqi people to run their economy. In fact, the Wall Street/corporate opti- Strikes and work stoppages arise out of ignored the consequences of the Iraq War
Many more GIs will die for this shameful mism is based on the brutal, relentless the inherent nature of capitalism—a on the workers and the oppressed—a war
war profiteering. assault by the Bush administration that bosses’ system of exploitation of the work- that is inextricably tied to the war at home
Profits are rising among many Fortune continues to dump the economic crisis on ing class. against labor—join in that struggle? This
500 corporations, particularly in defense the backs of the organized and unorga- The economy is so fragile that labor remains to be seen.
and related military-oriented subsidiaries. nized, the jobless and the poor. strikes in this period, at a time of U.S. On Oct. 25, tens of thousands of anti-
The financial institutions that bankroll the How can this ruling class “solution” be imperialist expansion and preemptive war protesters, and possibly even more,
military-industrial corporations will pros- otherwise? This capitalist class is caught war, can undermine the economy and will converge on Washington, D.C., San
per, reflecting one of the reasons the stock in the vise of the Iraq War that is going divert the ruling class from its objectives. Francisco and other cities to demand that
market is once again an attraction to badly and an economy whose fundamen- A strike is an important part of this the Iraq occupation end and the troops be
greedy investors with a boom mentality. tals are out of control. Resistance among development even though it may be a reac- withdrawn.
These investors are overlooking the sections of the labor movement is grow- tion to unacceptable demands made by The critical issue: Will the anti-war
underlying conditions that led to the 1987 ing, particularly among the lower-paid, the employers. The strike weapon edu- movement—which has grown so strong
stock market crash and the 2000-2001 multinational, service-oriented work- cates the rank-and-file workers—who and is dedicated to the fight against
collapse. Capitalist overproduction, huge force. have nothing to sell but their ability to racism, repression and U.S. military dom-
corporate debt and enormous government At a time when the Bush administration labor—to understand that their strength ination of other peoples—turn its face to
borrowing have led to a $7-trillion debt. is losing popularity among the laboring lies in withholding that labor, because it the strikes and struggles of the multina-
Pentagon spending will only add to these masses, strikes, marches and rallies are produces all the wealth. tional working class?
huge deficits. occurring in the labor movement. They The strike breaks through the smoke- Herein lies the challenge in the days
Speculative risk investments called appear to be isolated events but signify a screen of lies and demagoguery—the ahead to develop the revolutionary
derivatives, amounting to $140 TRIL- growing class consciousness. bosses and the workers are one big happy process that will end economic disasters
LION—more than 10 times the total value On Oct. 4, over 100,000 immigrants, family”—that the employers use as they and capitalist wars.
of the Gross Domestic Product—loom organized by a group of AFL-CIO leaders
over the entire economy. of service-oriented unions, took to the
Consumer spending remains unpre- streets to express their resistance to immi-
SOLIDARITY: spelled G-E-N-K Continued from page 3 Mart. Two months later, growing numb-
loud refrain: “Organize Wal-Mart.” ness in one of her legs immobilized her,
Wal-Mart has become the darling of forcing her to report the incident. Her doc-
Wall Street and the Bush administra- tor prescribed surgery, and a second doc-
tion. It reflects the aspirations of many tor, selected by Wal-Mart, concurred.
companies. This giant chain has brutally However, Wal-Mart fought the claim for
subjected its work force to poverty wages months.
without health care, pensions or other Eight months later the company finally
benefits. allowed the surgery, in April 2001.
While Wal-Mart has not yet invested However, the delay in surgery had proba-
in the Los Angeles area, the Greedy bly caused more serious problems and by
Three food chains hope to use the Wal- January Funderburk was immobilized by
Mart model to force the UFCW to accept pain. She went on medical leave. After sev-
drastic concessions. eral epidural pain blocks failed to work,
This is the strategy of Wall Street and two doctors advised more extensive
the giant food chains. The banks that surgery. Although Texas’ State Workers’
invest in these companies need to Compensation Commission and its
assure their investors that the company Independent Review Board sided with
is determined to reduce labor costs Funderburk three times, Wal-Mart has,
as much as humanly possible, driving through appeals, successfully delayed a
conditions for workers down to virtual court decision on the surgery and the case
slavery. is still pending.
Since so much attention is being given Last June, Wal-Mart terminated Mittie
to the great Wal-Mart model it’s probably Funderburk because she had been off
PHOTO: SOLIDAIRE (WWW.PTB.BE) appropriate to tell a warm and fuzzy Wal- work for more than a year, even though
The work stoppage at Ford in Genk, Belgium, is a splendid example of the Mart story: her doctor advised her not to go back to
solidarity that has been spreading in Europe. Strikes, work stoppages and work without the surgery.
demonstrations in Latin America, Asia and elsewhere, are getting attention and Mittie Funderburk, 52, injured her back
in 2000 while moving photo-lab mer- The state of Texas finally agreed to pay
support from other sectors of the labor movement internationally. Above: 15,000
workers and supporters march to defend Ford jobs in Genk, Belgium, on Oct. 18. chandise in the San Angelo, Texas, Wal- for her spinal-fusion surgery in July, cost-
www.workers.org Oct. 30, 2003 Page 5
The $2-trillion rat hole
What is, versus what could be
By Deirdre Griswold plemental” $87 billion. Add the two the population of the whole United States.
together and you get $455.2 billion for What a great tax “refund” that would be Actually, that $87 billion is
What’s $87 billion? It’s become more a FY2004. for lower-income people. Imagine wiping just the tip of the iceberg. …
symbol than a number. It’s a shortcut for If you add up the Pentagon budgets for out homelessness and substandard hous-
saying that the government ignores peo- both years, plus the “supplementals,” the ing in one fell swoop! And imagine how If working people controlled
ple’s needs here in the United States while total comes to $882 billion. Do the math many millions of jobs that would create, the destiny of this country,
spending huge sums on the conquest and on that and you’ll see that, over these two not only in construction but also in man-
occupation of Iraq and Afghanistan. years, the average family of four is ufacturing all the items needed to furnish wouldn't the welfare of the
Will it be the last little straw that buck- expected to pay about $12,160, or more an attractive and comfortable home. people be our priority—
les the camel’s back like a ton of bricks? than $3,041 per individual, for war. Right now all but a few states are in cri-
You hear it mentioned when another sis because their revenues are down and not endless war?'
piece of the infrastructure crumbles, or What could be done they can’t print money like the federal gov-
state workers are laid off or further with the money ernment. Their budget cuts are affecting But that would still be covered by the $87
inroads are made into vital services. When The hard-working and increasingly county and city governments, too. As a billion in the newest “supplemental”
the news media ask people on the street low-paid people of this country have many result, the biggest cutbacks in years have appropriation for war and occupation.
for their comments, they angrily bring up other things they could do with that just begun in schools, libraries, fire sta- If the working class controlled the des-
the $87 billion. money. Like getting your teeth fixed, or tions, parks, medical programs, senior tiny of this country, wouldn’t the welfare
It’s a lot of money. It comes to $300 for paying on your student loans so your bank centers and scores of other vital services. of the people be our priority—not an end-
every single person in the United States. account isn’t seized by the IRS, or paying About 1 million people are losing less and expensive state of war that makes
Any worker told that the government was down your credit card debt. Medicaid coverage this year, according to the U.S. more hated, not more secure?
not going to spend that money and would But instead, this government of, by and the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. U.S. soldiers are now dying every day in
give it back to them in a refund would con- for the rich will be using it to build sub- Higher education has been cut in 13 Iraq and Afghanistan, as resistance to for-
sider that a very special day. marines, fighter jets and missiles. states. Elementary and secondary educa- eign occupation grows. The $87 billion not
Last January, before the war started, tion has been cut in nine. Subsidized only pays for this repression of the people
$87B tip of iceberg Yale University economist William D. childcare for low-income families has but is also earmarked for building puppet
But actually, that $87 billion is just the Nordhaus predicted that a war with Iraq been cut in 18 states and the District of governments packed with former exiles
tip of the iceberg. could cost the economy a total of $1.6 tril- Columbia. Desperate parents have to like Ahmed Chalabi, a convicted financial
It refers to a “supplemental” appropri- lion over the next decade. (Washington choose between either risking their chil- felon who hadn’t been in Iraq for 40 years
ation passed by Congress on top of the Post, Jan. 8) dren’s safety or risking their jobs. until he was installed as a leader by U.S.
already huge military budget for the com- With growing resistance in Iraq to for- With the cutbacks, the jobs of hundreds troops.
ing year. eign domination, and the reluctance of of thousands, even millions, of teachers, This money is also going to U.S. corpo-
Here’s the breakdown on military other countries to help pay for a war they librarians, fire fighters, social workers, rations close to the Bush administration,
spending for fiscal years 2003 and 2004: never thought should have happened, this meat inspectors and other public workers like Halliburton. Its affiliate Kellogg
For FY2003, which covered the period estimate will undoubtedly turn out to be are on the line. Brown & Root got contracts to rebuild the
of the massive assault on Iraq, Congress conservative. As the layoffs kick in, the weakened infrastructure in Iraq—not to help the
approved a Pentagon budget of $364.4 economy will take another severe hit in the people there but so other U.S. corpora-
billion. But in April of this year, it gave the New homes for a quarter one area—services—that was supposed to tions can profitably take out the oil and
war makers another $62.4 billion in a of the population compensate for the shrinking industrial natural gas. Vice President Dick Cheney,
“supplemental” bill to cover the Iraq war. Talk about trillions and most people’s work force. even as he sits in the White House, gets $1
Now comes FY2004. It took all of 25 eyes glaze over. It’s hard to wrap your head million a year from Halliburton in “pen-
minutes on Sept. 17 for the conference around such immense sums. So let’s break Get rid of budget deficits sion” money from his days as CEO of the
committee that reconciles the House and them down. How big are the budget deficits that are company.
Senate versions of the military spending Take the figure of $2 trillion. That’s how driving all this pain? So that’s it—the problem is the criminal
bill to approve an even larger appropria- much the Congressional Budget Office, in In FY2003, state budget deficits added corporate ruling class, not how much
tion than last year: $368.2 billion. a report released last January, estimated up to about $76 billion, according to the wealth there is. There’s plenty of wealth
Then, adding insult to injury, the Bush the federal government would spend over National Conference of State Legislatures. already to build a harmonious society in
administration said that wasn’t enough. the next five years on “national defense.” Just the “supplemental” federal spending which no one goes hungry, homeless or
They needed more for the occupation and Think about this for a minute: Two tril- for the war in Iraq in the same year would lacking in any basic human need. The
“rebuilding” of Iraq and Afghanistan. So lion is enough money to build brand-new almost cover that. problem is to get rid of this capitalist eco-
they got the generous guardians of the $100,000 houses and apartments for 20 For FY2004, the state deficits are nomic system, which is uncontrollably
public treasury to slip them another “sup- million families—more than a quarter of expected to jump to as high as $85 billion. addicted to profit and war.
workers fight for health care
ing $30,000, and will try to get the money public health at Columbia University. She
'In the context of
from Wal-Mart. said that 44 million people in this country
this country's are uninsured. And—get this—eight out of
Money for health care, not warfare 10 of these uninsured people are workers
Metropolitan Transit Authority bus dri- or their dependents. She also noted that
vers and mechanics are also out on strike situation … these an additional 38 million have inadequate
in L.A. As with the UFCW workers and the attacks by the big health insurance.
44 million without it in this country, Last year record numbers of workers
health care is a central issue.
three grocery giants lost their health care. Today a job does not
“We’re paid less than other transit are part of the guarantee health care. If the Wal-Mart
mechanics in major cities,” Reid Parker model is adopted, what will that say about
ruthless assault on
told the Oct. 16 Los Angeles Times. Parker tomorrow?
fixes bus air-conditioners. He was on the all workers.' However, these attacks, especially
picket line outside MTA headquarters in attempted cuts in health care and retire-
downtown Los Angeles. “But we were OK they produce with their labor. facilitating community support for the ment benefits, can also provide the basis
with it,” he continued, “because the med- The Iraq war’s relevance to these union strike through a food drive for workers on for furthering and deepening broad, mas-
ical was good, until now. struggles is being shown by ANSWER. the line. sive support among all workers, union and
“Maybe we can tap into some of that This understanding that the assault on When put in the context of this coun- non-union. They could force a tidal wave
$87 billion from George Bush’s war bud- workers and the economy is fueled by the try’s overall health-care situation—espe- of resistance so powerful that non-union
get,” Parker said. “You know, I think you U.S. war drive has led ANSWER to join cially for retired workers and the most Wal-Marts would be swept away and only
could probably cover every single state locked-out and striking UFCW grocery oppressed workers, with wages barely allowed to exist as union shops.
budget deficit in the country with what employees on the picket lines, and to above the poverty line, and under the All this is possible. The raw material
we’re spending this year in Iraq.” organize community-support networks poverty line for Wal-Mart employees— for such support already exists. The pro-
The attacks on the UFCW can be com- for the grocery store strike. these attacks by the big three grocery gressive community, including every
pared to an imperialist war whereby all The action at the labor solidarity rallies chains are part of the ruthless assault on union and every worker, should do their
rules of combat and international laws was just one of many initiatives ANSWER all workers. utmost to assist the courageous UFCW
protecting basic human rights are plans. In addition to helping get union A Public Broadcasting Service special workers in their battle against Ralphs,
thrown aside to steal from workers— leaflets translated into Korean and aired two years ago interviewed Sherry Albertson’s and Vons—because this fight
steal an even greater share of the value Spanish, these activists are working on Gilied, Ph.D., an associate professor of is our fight.
Page 6 Oct. 30, 2003 www.workers.org
Is resistance near?
GI anger grows over role in Iraq
By Dustin Langley morale as “low” or “very low.” Among Team Headquarters told a reporter from ing dissent within the military.
reservists, the number rose to 48 percent. ABC News, “I’ve got my own ‘Most The Support Network for an Armed
As Washington’s bloody occupation The French Press Agency reported Oct. Wanted’ list,” referring to the “Most Forces Union—SNAFU—is an organiza-
and war against the Iraqi people drags on, 21 that at least 28 of the 1,300 soldiers who Wanted” deck of cards of Iraqi officials tion of activists and veterans formed to
U.S. troops are becoming desperate to end went on leave in the United States start- the Pentagon produced. “The aces in my work in counter-recruiting and support-
their enforced stay in that country. More ing two weeks earlier have failed to report deck are Paul Bremer, Donald Rumsfeld, ing resisters inside the military. It has
and more are looking for ways to get out for flights back to Iraq. Military spokes- George Bush and Paul Wolfowitz.” been active in the defense of several
and stay out of Iraq. people tried to play down the importance Other soldiers who have returned home resisters, including Stephen Funk, the
And more groups in the anti-war and of this first crack in the chain of command. are also beginning to speak out. Frank Marine Corps Reservist who refused to
anti-occupation movement are reaching For the Pentagon, this morale problem Mendez is a U.S. Army Reservist stationed deploy with his unit.
out to the GIs, just as they did during the means that rank-and-file troops’ attitude in Iraq. While on leave, he led a demon- Judi Cheng, an organizer with SNAFU
1960-1975 U.S. war on Vietnam. begins to interfere with their willingness stration against the war outside the New (www.join-snafu.org) and a GI counselor,
The Oct. 5 New York Post reported that and ability to effectively carry out orders Jersey offices of Sens. Jon Corzine and said: “SNAFU has launched a support
calls to the GI Rights Hotline, which coun- to repress the Iraqi population. Forty-nine Frank Lautenberg. campaign for Stephen Funk, a resister and
sels GIs regarding discharges and their percent of those surveyed said that it was “The military is aware of how low troop Marine who has been sentenced to six
rights, had increased by 75 percent in the unlikely or very unlikely that they would morale is,” Teresa Panepinto, program months for refusing to take part in the
last 12 weeks. Many of those callers asked re-enlist when their term is up. This can coordinator of GI Rights Hotline, told the unjust war against the people of Iraq.
about the punishment associated with create problems for the Bush Doctrine of Post. “They’re concerned these people are “Progressives everywhere should know
going “absent without leave”—AWOL. endless war. going to come home and not go back.” that there is a movement of resistance
Many of the calls came from soldiers on At least 13 soldiers have committed sui- among the troops, who are members of the
leave from Iraq. “What would happen if I cide in Iraq, according to Reuters. Anti-war movement working class and have found themselves
just don’t go back” to Iraq, one caller Falling morale also shows that GIs are reaches out to troops in a quagmire. It’s becoming clearer to
asked. Another said, “I’m going to shoot becoming more aware of their true inter- The Pentagon has good reason to worry. them that this war and occupation is not
myself in the foot.” ests. As the lies used to justify this war are Resistance inside the military, with the in their interests.”
Even the military had to admit it faces exposed, the possibility for anti-war resis- support of members of the anti-war move- Another group, Military Families Speak
a serious morale problem. The Oct. 16 tance inside the military grows. ment, played a big role in forcing the end Out, has created a web site (www.bringth-
Stars and Stripes newspaper reported on of the war against the people of Vietnam. emhomenow.org) to “mobilize military
a survey of soldiers in Iraq, which revealed Soldiers begin to speak out Several activist groups and publications families, veterans, and GIs themselves to
that 34 percent overall rated their own One sergeant at the 2nd Battle Combat have stepped forward to support the grow- Continued on next page
Lesbian, gay, bi, trans Oct. 25 contingents to demand:
‘Free Stephen Funk!
Bring the troops home now!’
By LeiLani Dowell bian, gay, bisexual and trans coalitions the Out Against the War Coalition; and end war and racism, through the fight to
are building contingents for both rallies Queers for Peace and Justice, Bay Area free Stephen.”
As the anti-war movement gears up for to support gay conscientious objector have issued a joint statement calling for As with all previous national marches,
national protests in San Francisco and Stephen Funk. “Freedom for Stephen Funk LGBT LGBT activists from across the country
Washington, D.C., on Oct. 25, three les- Queers for Peace and Justice NY/NJ; Contingents.” are mobilizing to build contingents and
The call includes demands to “Free feeder marches and provide leadership
Stephen Funk” as well as “End the Occu- for the Oct. 25 protests.
pation of Iraq—Bring the Troops Home Stephen Funk, a 21-year-old gay
Now,” and “Money for Jobs, AIDS & Filipino U.S. Marine Reservist, refused to
Housing, Not for War and Occupation.” deploy when his unit was called to active
The significance of a national call to duty. He instead began speaking out
link the struggles of the LGBT community against the war.
and anti-war movements cannot be over- His mother, Gloria Placis, told Workers
stated. The Bush administration’s attacks World: “Steve was the first conscientious
on working people, such as massive objector to successfully use the media as
unemployment and cuts in social ser- an advocate for the anti-war movement.
vices, while money is fueled into the war His personal struggles opened up public
effort in the Middle East, directly affect awareness of the government’s manipu-
both the LGBT communities and straight lation of the press and its covert alliance
people. with the military.”
Bush’s declaration of Oct. 12-18 as On Sept. 6, a jury of four Marines found
“Marriage Protection Week” is yet Funk guilty of unauthorized absence and
another attack on the LGBT communi- sentenced him to six months in prison, a
ties. The violence LGBT people increas- pay cut of two-thirds during his incarcer-
ingly face on the streets is barely reported ation, a bad conduct discharge and demo-
in the mainstream media. The Sept. 30 tion to the rank of private—the Marines’
murder of Sindy Cuarda, a 24-year-old lowest rank.
transgender woman of color in San Pablo, Of the 28 Marine conscientious objec-
Calif., is just one of the most recent in a tors to the Iraq war, Funk was the only
wave of murders across the United States one to face prosecution. He says he was
against LGBT people, particularly trans targeted for being gay and speaking out
people of color. against the war. Funk’s case is currently
LGBT activists and straight allies are under appeal.
refusing to allow themselves to be swayed The call for the Oct. 25 contingents
by the divide-and-conquer tactics of the reads: “Stephen’s determination is an
ruling class and the mainstream media. example to thousands of potential war
While LGBT activists have always been in resisters in the U.S. military who see the
the forefront of the anti-war movement, occupation for what it is and experience
the consolidation of LGBT forces nation- the racism and homophobia of the armed
wide is considered an advance in the forces first hand.
movement. “It is for this reason that we call on
Imani Henry, organizer for Queers for LGBT activists to unite on Oct. 25 to call
Peace and Justice NY/NJ, says, “Now for an end to the occupation and freedom
more than ever, the anti-war movement for Stephen Eagle Funk. The military
has the opportunity to make a powerful anticipates that Stephen will be alienated
WW PHOTO: BILL HACKWELL link between the oppression faced by from society because he is gay and Asian.
Anti-war protestors in San Francisco's Castro District show their support LGBT communities and the struggle to We will not let this happen.”
for GI resister Stephen Funk on Sept. 4, the day his trial opened in New Orleans.
www.workers.org Oct. 30, 2003 Page 7
Are Dean & Clark really ‘peace’ candidates?
By Sara Flounders politicians were silent last year before the ernor of Vermont confirms that he would In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Gen.
invasion of Iraq and hurriedly voted to also continue the war on the domestic front. Clark was in charge of the internment
The polls confirm that support for give Bush full authority to wage war. Now Dean not only supported the Clinton camps packed with Haitian refugees flee-
George W. Bush is at the lowest level of his these same politicians are reading the administration’s drastic overhaul—basi- ing U.S.-supported dictator Jean-Claude
presidency. The growing resistance in polls. A whole field is rewriting scripts. cally, repeal—of the federal welfare pro- “Baby Doc” Duvalier and later the brutal
Iraq is creating a crisis for the Bush They are anxious to gather the army of gram, but he pushed through state legis- U.S.-installed regime that overthrew the
administration. The excuses for the war grassroots volunteers that every political lation for workfare programs. He cut ben- elected Aristide government. Clark was
are being exposed as lies. There is grow- campaign needs. efits and imposed strict time limits on sin- chief of operations at the Navy internment
ing unease at the huge tax breaks and The presidential election campaign, gle mothers on welfare. camp at Guantánamo.
lucrative military contracts Bush has given although still a year away, seems to have As governor, Dean tried hard to cut ben- This presidential hopeful has not spo-
to his cronies, along with the permanent reached an all-time height of dema- efits for elderly and disabled people. He ken a word against the ongoing torture
loss of more than 3 million jobs. Anyone, goguery and opportunism. The two lead- increased funding for state colleges by and brutal detainment there of hundreds
it seems, would be better than Bush. ing Democratic contenders—Howard only 7 percent while raising prison fund- of “suspects” seized during the U.S. war
But who are the candidates who have Dean and Wesley Clark—have cynically ing by 150 percent. against Afghanistan.
millions of dollars pumped into their cam- posed as anti-war candidates. Howard Dean has no doubts about class Last October, when Clark endorsed
paigns and have received endless media Looking at the record of the current two interests. He was born into the elite. His Katrina Swett for Congress, he told the
attention as the ones who can beat Bush? Democratic front runners demonstrates father and grandfather were based in the Union Leader newspaper that if she were
How different are they? that their role is to capture the growing Wall Street investment firm Dean Witter. elected, he would advise her to vote for the
U.S. elections are a contest between two dissatisfaction while offering very little His family never had to worry about their resolution to give Bush full authority to
big-business parties over control of the substantive difference. pensions being cut. use military force against Iraq but only
capitalist government. Both of these par- Howard Dean never worried about after vigorous debate. (Oct. 10, 2002)
ties serve the same class. Dean: Wall Street’s child deteriorating schools or tuition increases. Three months later, Clark went on
There are competing policies and con- Howard Dean, the leading “peace” can- He went to elite private schools like St. record supporting the Bush administra-
flicting financial interests among these didate, told journalist Fred Hiatt, “I don’t George’s boarding school, where students tion’s unilateral action of bypassing the
sharks. But they are all predators. Their even consider myself a dove.” (Wash- have a 69-foot yacht to play on. United Nations Security Council to invade
policies are in the best interests of the ington Post, Aug. 25) Dean speaks with the arrogance of his Iraq. “The president is going to have to
handful of super-rich owners of industry Last January and February, when mil- class when he says that welfare recipients move ahead, despite the fact that the allies
and banking. lions of people were in the streets in “don’t have any self-esteem. If they did, have reservations,” he said. (CNN, Jan. 21)
Overwhelmingly, Democratic Party protest, Dean said, “America may have to they’d be working.” (Nation, May 26) He added weeks later, “The credibility
go to war” against Iraq. His only concern of the U.S. is on the line, and Saddam
was that there was not enough interna- Hussein has these weapons and so, you
the Pentagon candidate
tional support. (Washington Post, Feb. 17) know, we are going to go ahead and do this
Dean’s criticism at that time was that Without the total compliance of a corporate and the rest of the world’s got to get with
Iraq was the “wrong war at the wrong media that was willing to be embedded in the us.” (CNN, Feb. 5)
Continued from facing page time.” He argued that North Korea was a Pentagon war machine during the invasion Clark was not even a registered
demand: an end to the occupation of Iraq greater threat. of Iraq, Wesley Clark’s pose as a peace Democrat until he decided to run for the
and other misguided military adventures; Now Dean does not call for bringing the candidate would be seen as a ridiculous nomination. He voted for Richard Nixon
and an immediate return of all U.S. troops home. He said he was actually for masquerade. and for Ronald Reagan, praised President
troops.” sending more troops to Iraq, according to Wesley Clark is a former top Pentagon George W. Bush and raised money for
Stan Goff is a Special Forces veteran the March 29 New York Times. general. As NATO commander in 1999, Arkansas Republicans.
who wrote “Hideous Dream,” a book “Now that we’re there, we’re stuck,” Clark led the U.S. war against Yugoslavia. Anyone who is angered about Vice
about the U.S. military in Haiti. Goff, an Dean has said publicly. He said that who- Under his command, U.S. forces carried President Dick Cheney’s role in steering
organizer with the MFSO, said: “They ever is elected to the Oval Office in 2004 out 80 days of bloody bombing raids millions of federal dollars into corpora-
were told it would be like [World War II will have to live with this. “We have no against utterly defenseless civilian popu- tions he represented should look at Clark’s
soldiers] going into Paris. It’s a lot more choice,” he claimed. lations in major cities. role after he retired from his 34-year army
like Mogadishu [Somalia]. Bush and And he repeated the same vague and Clark personally planned and autho- career in 2000. Clark quickly became a
Rumsfeld care for soldiers like Tyson baseless lies: “It’s a matter of national rized the use of even prohibited anti-per- director of four firms, joined the advisory
Foods cares for chickens.” security. If we leave and we don’t get a sonnel weapons, including thousands of board of two others and became the man-
Goff’s son is a vehicle mechanic with the democracy in Iraq, the result is very sig- tiny, razor-sharp cluster bombs and aging director of an investment firm. His
82nd Airborne, recently sent in to replace nificant danger to the United States.” radioactive depleted uranium rounds. In role was to boost these companies’ mili-
the 3rd Infantry Division. MFSO will be (Washington Post, Feb. 17) violation of the Nuremburg and Geneva tary contracts.
marching as a contingent in the Oct. 25 Howard Dean was a fervent supporter Conventions and international law, these
of the massive 1991 bombing of Iraq, bombs were dropped in crowded urban Build an independent
march in Washington, D.C., to “end the
which was also a criminal imperialist war centers, in market places and even on hos- movement!
occupation and bring the troops home
now!” for control of oil. Dean supported the 2001 pitals and schools. With capitalist elections, regardless of
Fernando Suarez, also of MFSO, lost a U.S. bombing that devastated Afghani- Anyone who thinks Clark would be which candidate and which party comes
son in Iraq. Suarez will speak at an Oct. 22 stan, one of the poorest countries in the more humane than Bush should revisit a out on top, none of the institutions of the
public meeting in Madrid to oppose the world. Washington Post report of Sept. 21, 1999. state—the Pentagon, CIA, State Depart-
“Donors Conference” of countries Wash- During his political life he has not It describes how at one point during the ment—is substantially changed.
ington is squeezing for funds for Iraq. He opposed any Pentagon war, occupation, bombing campaign Clark rose out of his These institutions that make up part of
is also scheduled to participate in the Oct. coup or invasion. seat, slapped the table and declared, “I’ve the state machinery of oppression have
25 protest in Washington. A quick glance at Dean’s record as gov- got to get maximum violence out of this been shaped over many generations to
The Central Committee for Conscien- campaign—now.” serve the interests of one tiny class of
tious Objectors, which has been active super-rich capitalists in a system that
since the Korean War, operates the GI feeds on war and conquest.
Rights Hotline. The number of monthly The top military brass don’t face elec-
calls to the hotline has risen from 2,000 to tions. Neither do the CEOs, Wall Street
3,500 in the last three months. brokers or owners of industry and bank-
“GI Special” is a regularly distributed e- ing who chase profits from capitalist
mail bulletin compiled by Thomas Barton, globalization.
a veteran of the Vietnam anti-war GI Poor and working people need a move-
movement. “GI Special” focuses on issues ment independent of the two parties of big
related to the occupation. business that represent the interests of bil-
Traveling Soldier (www.traveling-sol- lionaires who strive to control the world’s
dier.org/) is a newsletter that discusses resources and labor.
the occupation as well as other issues Millions of people came into the
related to military personnel and veter- streets last year in an effort to stop the
ans, including cuts in benefits, the dan- U.S. war. Now, aroused by the brutality
gers of depleted uranium and news from of occupation, the anti-war movement is
the front lines. mobilizing again.
The growth of anger inside the military If this young movement resists being
and of these organizations outside are sucked into electoral campaigns that are
signs that GIs’ low morale about serving not capable of making change or of chal-
as cannon fodder for U.S. militarism could lenging the very system that is responsi-
soon turn into high morale—for the strug- ble for war and racism, it will pose a real
gle for their own right to come home. challenge and will be a tremendous force
The writer is an organizer for SNAFU.
Page 8 Oct. 30, 2003 www.workers.org
As Iraqi resistance grows. tality, such as existed during the Vietnam
War, which is angering Iraqis and sowing
demoralization among many U.S. soldiers.
Bush tries to sell ‘endless war’
Under such conditions the U.S. occu-
pation will only meet more resistance,
have to stay longer and maintain if not
expand its forces. U.S. imperialism is
Continued from page 1 Arroyo with a five-year military supply and tunity to interfere in Thai military affairs. being stretched ever thinner by this colo-
from 1950 to 1953. Five million Koreans training plan. Under the guise of fighting (Bangkok Post, Oct. 21) nial occupation. It is in desperate need of
were killed in that war. The U.S. has terrorism, the U.S. has stationed 1,500 Bush was in Thailand to attend the Asian troops and money.
refused to sign a peace treaty ending the troops in the Philippines and is trying to Pacific Economic Conference. He hijacked
overcome that country’s law that forbids the economic conference’s agenda by UN vote: U.S. bought victory
Bush has branded North Korea as a foreign troops from entering into combat. demanding a resolution against terrorism This is what was behind all the maneu-
member of his “axis of evil,” a status con- Bush made his stock speech about the and a resolution to pressure North Korea vering at the United Nations Security
ferred also on Iraq and Iran. Iraq, of course, “war against terrorism” before a joint ses- to go along with Bush’s initiative to stop Council. The struggle over the role of the
was then invaded by the Pentagon. Wash- sion of the Philippine Congress, where his that country’s nuclear program. UN is really the struggle of the French and
ington has 37,000 troops in South Korea. speech writers had the audacity and/or German imperialists, allied with the
ignorance to allow him to reminisce over Iraqi resistance deepens Russian capitalists, to break the iron grip
It has nuclear weapons, warships and mil-
how U.S. and Philippine troops “liberated and widens of the Pentagon and the U.S. Agency for
itary aircraft in the region, and has threat-
ened “surgical strikes” against the North. the Philippines from colonial rule.” But for all the resolutions and belliger- International Development, which have
Under such an extreme threat, the He was referring to the Spanish- ent speeches, Bush cannot escape the been doling out all the contracts to U.S.
North’s demand for a non-aggression American War of 1898, in which the U.S. mounting setbacks to the occupation at corporations such as Halliburton, Bechtel,
treaty in return for giving up a major seized the Philippines from Spain. It then the hands of the Iraqi resistance. Pictures WorldCom and others.
deterrent against U.S. attack seems to be killed up to 1 million Filipinos in the 12 of Iraqi youth on top of a burned-out U.S. The Bush administration was forced by
very minimal. years of war that were required to destroy Army truck told the story of the Pentagon’s the dire situation in Iraq to go to the UN,
Bush moved on to the Philippines, the national liberation movement there. problems. which it had previously scorned. It finally
where he sought to bolster the pro-U.S. The U.S. carried out another counter- “A roadside bomb—set against a mon- got a unanimous resolution, authorizing a
regime of President Gloria Macapagal insurgency war against the Hukbalahap ument reading ‘Welcome to Falluja’— multinational force, that presumably
liberation forces after World War II, while exploded on a truck hauling Hellfire mis- paves the way for other countries to send
granting formal independence to the siles,” wrote the Oct. 20 New York Times, troops and money. But the resolution, as
Philippines in 1946. “and then crowds incinerated the entire written, was simply providing a UN cover
Bush then went to Thailand, where he truck, using gasoline.” When U.S. troops to the U.S. occupation, without yielding
declared the government there a key “non- returned to get the wreckage, they were any political or economic authority to any-
NATO” ally, a dubious status held only by attacked again and forced to retreat. one. Thus it raised eyebrows when the res-
the Philippines. He praised the regime for On the same day, two U.S. soldiers were olution was passed by a 15-0 vote.
sending engineers to Afghanistan and killed in Kirkuk in the north. The follow- But the Oct. 20 edition of the New York
Iraq and offered it military aid. This tips ing day, one soldier was killed and six Times carried a lead story shedding light
the Thai regime from its previous diplo- wounded in Falluja. Times military corre- on the vote:
matic and military position of formal neu- spondent Michael Gordon obtained a doc- “Under pressure from potential donors,
trality in the recent period and caused con- ument prepared for Paul Bremer III, head the Bush administration will allow a new
sternation in the country. For Thailand to of the Occupation Authority, reviewing the agency to determine how to spend billions
move closer to the U.S. militarily is a threat military situation in the recent period. It of dollars in Iraq, administration and aid
to Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia, recorded recent events such as a missile officials say. The new agency, to be inde-
and China, and could upset relations in the attack on a C-130 transport, an attack on pendent of the American occupation, will
region. the motorcade of the governor of Diyala be run by the World Bank and the United
While Thai Army chief Gen. Chaisit Province, an attack on a convoy north of Nations.”
Shinawatra defended the new status, Mahmudiya, attacks in Tikrit, near Jalula, The Times quoted a World Bank official
Suriyasai Katasila, who heads the anti-glob- near al Fathah, near Safwan, in Basra in as saying that the European countries
alization organization Campaign for Popu- the south, and numerous other attacks. “don’t want their funds to be perceived as
lar Democracy, said that the announcement There are 11 “red zones” in and around commingled with the funds controlled by
INDONESIA was more likely to give Washington oppor- Baghdad where no U.S. forces are sup- the CPA [Coalition Provisional Authority].
posed to go “unless on urgent business.” They want their own say over how the
(New York Times, Oct. 19) money is spent. ... [T]he new agency could
The frequency, accuracy, coordination open up” the contract process “and award
and sophistication of the attacks are contracts to global companies. Donors
increasing and they are occurring over a could also give directly to Iraq, specifying
wider area. All indications are that the that their own companies do the work.”
hatred for the occupation is spreading and The resolution passed in the Security
the active resistance is growing. It is Council had specifically designated the
fueled by the increasing number of atroc- U.S-controlled Development Fund for
ities committed by U.S. forces. Iraq, set up by the Pentagon, as the only
When a U.S. paratrooper was killed and agency authorized to handle funds. But it
six others were wounded in Falluja on Oct. appears that the new agency, if it is actu-
19, soldiers opened up with wild gunfire ally formed, would “open up the process”
and killed a Syrian truck driver taking a to the other imperialists and allow them
shipment to Lebanon. He was one of two to get an economic foothold in Iraq. This
civilians killed. Their bodies were taken to must have been part of the price for the 15-
the hospital. “One of them, Iraqi Nazem 0 vote and gave the U.S. a boost for the
Baji, had a gunshot wound in the back of upcoming Madrid Donors Conference.
the head and his hands were tied in front The anti-war movement should not
of him with plastic bands similar to those regard the entry of the UN and the World
used by the U.S. military when they arrest Bank into the reconstruction process as
suspects.” (Associated Press, Oct. 20) The any kind of victory for the struggle. If they
victim’s brother told the AP that U.S. sol- get in, it would open up the Iraqi people to
diers “raided the house, shot him first in a new group of corporate robbers while
the leg, tied his hands and then shot him relieving some of the pressure on U.S.
in the head.” imperialism.
These are the unspoken rules of engage- On the contrary, the movement should
ment sanctioned and encouraged by the make every effort to get all the imperial-
brass. Soldiers are rarely charged in any ists off the backs of the Iraqi people, get
instance of killing civilians, let alone pun- the troops out, use the war money for
ished. This was an execution carried out human needs, and allow the Iraqis to
in plain sight. It bespeaks a culture of bru- determine their own destiny.
www.workers.org Oct. 30, 2003 Page 9
Shackled woman prisoner after childbirth. Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin The Cuban 5: Ramón Labañino, Fernando González, Antonio Guerrero, Gerardo Hernández
www.freewebs.com/imamjamil and René González. www.freethefive.org
29 prisoners and 10 hostages dead. What super-exploitation lowers the wages of the MOVE 9 and many more.
this uprising showed was that economic many workers and undermines the cam- The repressive U.S. Patriot Act since
fter a war waged by the U.S. military and political repression gives birth to paign to organize the unorganized. Unions 9/11 has sanctioned the illegal detentions
against Vietnam which took the social consciousness, solidarity and class should make it a policy to organize pris- and torture of thousands of unidentified
lives of more than 3 million Viet- struggle. oners as they are doing with immigrants South Asian, Middle Eastern and Muslim
namese people and more than 58,000 GIs, and other low-paid workers. immigrants within these borders and on a
the U.S. finally withdrew in 1975. It had U.S. terrorism at home One of the main reasons such blatant U.S. military base in Guantanamo, Cuba.
suffered its first official major military and abroad exploitation and oppression exists inside Palestinian detainees such as Professor
defeat by a united people’s struggle led by Fast forward to what is happening now. the prisons is institutionalized racism that Sami Al-Arian, Amer Jubran and the Los
the Vietnamese, along with a mass U.S. The names may have changed but the permeates throughout the entire criminal Angeles 8 are being threatened with prison
anti-war movement. struggle is the same. This time the U.S. justice system. According to Mother and/or deportation for defending Palestin-
Four years earlier, another heroic strug- military has carried out another brutal war Jones.com, in 2000 some 66 percent of ian resistance against Israeli occupation.
gle of resistance had taken place inside the against Iraq and is bogged down in a racist those incarcerated were people of color. The movement for social change has
U.S. The battlefield was in upstate New occupation of that once sovereign country. This is hugely disproportionate to their important political allies locked away who
York at the notorious Attica prison. Like the Vietnamese, the Iraqi people are numbers in the population. There were must never be forgotten in the heat of bat-
Hundreds of prisoners—African Ameri- putting up a heroic resistance. This occu- more Black men in prison in 2001 than in tle. While fighting French colonialism, Ho
can, Latino, Native and white—organized pation is part and parcel of Bush’s so- college. (Justice Policy Institute) Chi Minh wrote from his prison cell,
a united front and took over the prison for called war on terror. People of color, especially youth, are “People who come out of prison can build
four days in September 1971. The economic and political repression demonized and criminalized in the media up the country... Those who protest at
These prisoners exposed to a largely inside the prisons has deepened over the to help drive an invisible wedge between injustice are people of true merit...
uninformed U.S. population and to the past 30 years. the multi-national and multi-cultural com- When the prison doors are opened, the
world that U.S. dungeons were nothing During the era of Attica, there were an munities, who have common interests. real dragon will fly
more than concentration camps for the estimated 300,000 prisoners in the U.S. This same divide-and-conquer tactic is out.”
poor. The demands they made of the Today U.S. prisons and jails are now filled a cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy as
prison officials and the ruling-class gover- with over 2.1 million poor and working leaders like Saddam Hussein, Robert
nor, Nelson Rockefeller, reflected people, more than any other Mugabe and Fidel Castro are portrayed as
both the daily inhumane treat- industrialized country. “tyrants” and “dictators” by the main-
ment that exists for prisoners Women prisoners, many of stream media and U.S. government to jus-
along with concerns for the them single mothers, con- tify imperialist aggression.
worldwide problems caused stitute the fastest-growing
by racism, capitalist greed prison population. It has been Repression & political prisoners
and imperialist war. documented that at least The U.S. government likes to ostracize
Among the prisoners’ 70 percent of imprisoned other countries for having political pris-
demands was the right to women and men were con- oners—especially those countries that Mumia
be unionized to win a victed of non-violent, drug- favor a different economic system such as Abu-Jamal
decent wage with benefits .www.mumia.org
related “crimes.” Many Cuba, North Korea and China.
like other workers. Anoth- suffer from HIV/AIDS, The truth is that there are
er demand was for willing other disabilities and illit- U.S. prisoners who have been
prisoners to be granted eracy. Amnesty Interna- victims of illegal frame-ups
political asylum in social- Leonard Peltier tional and other groups because they have a history of
ist Cuba. www.freepeltier.org.
have accused the U.S. being outspoken opponents
The political conscious- prison system of violating many interna- against racism, imperialism
ness of these prisoners was inspired by the tional laws, especially the racist, anti-poor and colonialism. The more
writings of anti-imperialist Vietnamese application of the death penalty. well-known political prisoners
leader Ho Chi Minh as well as other revo- The building of private prisons, includ- include Mumia Abu-Jamal,
lutionary figures like Che Guevara, Karl ing juvenile detention centers, has been Leonard Peltier, Jamil Abdullah
Marx and George Jackson. one of the most profitable markets for Wall Al-Amin (formerly H. Rap
This rebellion was drowned in blood as Street investors. Prison slave labor has Brown), the Cuban 5, the
Rockefeller ordered the National Guard to enriched the coffers of U.S. corporations to Angola 3, the Puerto Rican
open fire, resulting in a slaughter that left the tune of over $1 billion annually. This independentistas, members of
Merle Africa, martyred MOVE 9
member www.onamove.org Ho Chi Minh
Iraqi prisoners of war in 2003.
Dr. Sami Al-Arian www.
Angola 3—from left, Herman Wallace,
Robert Wilkerson (now freed), Albert
Woodfox www.prisonactivist.org/angola Prisoners at Guantanamo Bay today. Aftermath of Attica rebellion, 1971
Page 10 Oct. 30, 2003 www.workers.org
Mobilize to end the occupation, but
Only socialism can
abolish imperialist war
By Fred Goldstein stop the liberation movements became ing industrialists and military contractors. destruction of capitalism—which is the
intertwined with the imperialists’ own Friedman may have left these latter out of very foundation of imperialism and can-
The Bush administration’s invasion and inter-imperialist rivalry, and this became his “Manifesto” but they turned up in not, once having reached the monopoly
occupation of Iraq, bombing and whole- another source of imperialist war and London, along with McDonald’s. stage, be reversed or shifted onto a peace-
sale destruction visited on Afghanistan, intervention. ExxonMobil, Delta Airlines, American ful path.
and its proclamation of an era of “endless Hospital Group, Bechtel, Motorola and
war” have confronted the current genera- The Iraq War and imperialism several giant British monopolies, includ- Imperialism created
tion with the same crises and struggles Iraq is a classical example of how impe- ing British Petroleum, were on hand. The the world basis for socialism
faced by generations over the past hun- rialism operates as a system. conference, according to the Guardian, Lenin demonstrated a second impor-
dred years who have had to fight against Washington’s goal is to roll back all the “was set up in June last year. Its support- tant conclusion: that imperialism was
imperialist war and intervention. gains of the 1958 national revolution that ers say it attracted the support of 145 creating an interdependent worldwide
U.S. soldiers, mostly workers in uni- kicked the British colonialists out of Iraq. multinationals. The alliance has close con- network of production, which in turn lays
form—for the rich don’t fight their own Direct imperialist investment was at first tacts with the Pentagon.” the basis for socialism.
wars—are being called upon to kill and be put under Iraqi control and eventually for- So there’s the nexus of imperialism in By shipping factories, expanding trans-
killed to make Iraq safe for the transna- bidden. The oil was nationalized and the one room in London: the banks, the giant portation and communication, and
tional corporations. The anti-war move- resources of the country were taken out of corporations and the Pentagon gathered exporting capital investment, imperial-
ment must do everything in its power to the hands of the transnational banks and to divide up Iraq. One keynote speaker ism has created a worldwide apparatus
mobilize mass opposition to the occupa- corporations. was Dr. John Shaw, an undersecretary of involving the synchronized, harmonized
tion and to stay the Bush administration’s During the era of the Soviet Union and defense from the Pentagon who spoke on production of hundreds of millions of
hand that is threatening Iran, Syria, North the socialist camp, the USSR’s military “Understanding the Contracting Process people around the globe. This network
Korea, Cuba and any other country that strength acted as a deterrent on any open for the Reconstruction of Iraq.” has actually socialized the operations of
refuses to bow down to its dictates. military attempt by the West to recolonize For all the talk by Paul Bremer, head of day-to-day worldwide production. But
But in the course of the struggle against Iraq. Furthermore, Iraq was able to obtain the U.S. occupation in Iraq, about not pri- billionaires own this productive appara-
war and occupation, this question must be Soviet anti-imperialist economic and mil- vatizing the Iraqi oil industry, one of the tus privately, reducing these workers to
addressed: how to put an end to the recur- itary assistance. key addresses was by Mahdi Sajjad. wage slaves.
ring and expanding cycle of imperialist Once the USSR collapsed, however, the Sajjad, a vice president of Gulfsands, a So under private ownership, this world-
war, intervention and occupation. The U.S. ruling class felt it had a free hand in Houston-based oil company, spoke on wide means of production has become an
answer to this most serious question the Middle East and it began to target Iraq. “Privatization of the Iraqi Oil Sector.” instrument for expanded suffering of
depends entirely on understanding the Furthermore, it made an alliance with its The U.S.-Iraqi Business Council repre- workers trapped in sweatshops or forced
war drive’s character and cause. junior partner, former colonialists in Lon- sents the elite U.S. and British finance cap- into the giant transnational corporations’
The Bush administration has pro- don, to keep the other imperialists out. italists, who together with the business- global division of labor.
claimed the right of “pre-emptive war” people in uniform are driving the war. The owners of this vast socialized appa-
based on a phony “war on terrorism” and McDonald’s and more Bush had the support of the entire ruling ratus of production have absolutely noth-
the supposed threat of “weapons of mass Imperialism, of course, tries to hide its class, including those who objected to his ing at all to do with production itself. They
destruction.” Beneath the false slogans motives for war from the masses. But diplomacy, to carry out the war. only live to profit off it. They are utterly
and fraudulent justifications for war lie every once in a while, one of its spokes- It was an imperialist war in the sense unnecessary to it. Yet they operate it as
profound ruling-class interests—profit people gets bold, loses inhibitions and that Lenin described this in 1916: a war to their own private property.
interests, which flow from a historically blurts out something close to the truth. re-divide the Middle East, based on the They close factories when they are not
developed social system of global exploita- Thus did Thomas Friedman of the New USSR’s collapse and Washington’s rise to making enough profit, throwing workers
tion and plunder that is over a century old. York Times. Drunk with triumphalism a position of enormous military superior- out of jobs. They shut down operations,
This system is called imperialism. over the Pentagon’s unrivaled power and ity over its rivals. For example, the only to open them up again in other
In 1916 V.I. Lenin, leader of the Russian dazzled by U.S. technology, Friedman Deutsche Bank, Siemens, the Societe regions or countries to get cheaper labor.
Revolution, wrote a fundamental analysis wrote an article headlined “A Manifesto General, Alcatel and France Telecom were They impoverish whole countries so that
entitled “Imperialism: the Highest Stage for the Fast World” that ran in the Times not invited to London. the workers and peasants have to migrate
of Capitalism.” In this work, Lenin made Sunday Magazine on March 28, 1999. and be uprooted by the tens of millions.
special note of the Spanish-American War Friedman wrote: “The hidden hand of Imperialism rooted A handful of directors at General
of 1898 in which the United States inau- the market will never work without a hid- in capitalism Motors, Citibank, Alcoa and General
gurated its own era of imperialist war by den fist—McDonald’s cannot flourish But a most important conclusion of Foods can sit in a boardroom and decide
defeating the Spanish empire and colo- without McDonnell-Douglas, the designer Lenin’s work was that imperialism is the fate of millions of workers across the
nizing the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Cuba of the F-15. And the hidden fist that keeps rooted in capitalism. In the final analysis, globe. Human need and the environment
and Guam. the world safe for Silicon Valley’s tech- all the giant monopolies rest upon the mean nothing to them. Only profit.
Lenin wrote this book during World nologies is called the U.S. Army, Air Force, profits sweated from the working class day The world is suffering under this grow-
War I, the first worldwide imperialist con- Navy and Marine Corps.” in and day out. ing contradiction between private owner-
flagration. Friedman seemed to have forgotten all The bosses fight each other by expand- ship and this vast, socialized productive
Lenin characterized imperialism as the about McDonald’s when he became an ing the number of workers under their system. The working class creates all the
highest stage of capitalism—an irre- avid supporter of the current Pentagon control, bringing down wages to increase wealth, while the owners use all the instru-
versible evolution from its competitive war against Iraq. He should peruse an Oct. the rate of profits. This means expanding ments of labor to increase their wealth at
stage to its monopoly stage. In this 14 article in the London Guardian in throughout the world in search of cheaper the workers’ expense.
groundbreaking work he showed, by ana- which its diplomatic editor, Ewen labor, more resources and greater spheres This contradiction can only be resolved
lyzing a mass of economic and political MacAskill, described a London confer- of influence. by expropriating the factories, mines,
data, that imperialism is characterized by ence that began on Oct. 13. Militarism is an essential ingredient of offices, health facilities, banks, telephone
the merger of the giant banks and corpo- In the piece, the first of “The ‘Doing imperialism because war and intervention companies and transportation systems—
rations into what was called finance-cap- Business in Iraq’ Series” subheaded are deeply rooted in the monopolies’ class and putting them under the ownership of
ital, which dominated economic and polit- “Kickstarting the private sector in Iraq,” need to expand their profits. It is not the working class to run on behalf of soci-
ical life. MacAskill wrote: “About 100 private com- merely the result of this or that political ety as a whole for human need and not for
The great powers of Europe, the United panies, mainly from Britain and the U.S., grouping’s policy, which could be reversed profit. That is socialism.
States and Japan had all reached this stage gathered in London yesterday to discuss by changing leaders. Only when capital is eliminated will the
by the end of the 19th century. investment opportunities in post-Saddam To put an end to war, imperialism itself global struggle for profit and domination
In the process they had intensified a Iraq. must be destroyed. That means the be eliminated along with imperialist war.
furious struggle among themselves to “The companies, mainly oil and bank- Socialism is the only way to do it.
divide the globe into colonies and spheres ing, are being invited by the U.S. and
of influence. British governments to move in as soon as
The process of brutal colonization had security is restored. The fast-food chain,
been going on for centuries, since the ear- McDonald’s, which has a branch in most
liest stages of capitalism. Whenever there parts of the world, was predicted by the
was a significant change in the relation- conference organizers to open in Baghdad The Bolsheviks and War
ship of forces among these imperialist next year.”
Lessons for today’s anti-war movement
powers, a new struggle would open up to In Friedman’s “Manifesto,” McDon-
re-divide the globe and war would result. ald’s was a name that made a cute juxta- By Sam Marcy
After Lenin wrote the book, the era of position next to McDonnell-Douglas. And $4.95 plus $1 for shipping
Order from: World View Forum
socialist revolutions and national libera- hamburgers do not sound nearly as 55 W. 17th St., 5th fl., NY, NY, 10011
tion struggles began in earnest. Imperi- threatening as giant, blood-sucking oil
alism’s drive to roll back socialism and monopolies or parasitic bankers, exploit- www.workers.org/marcy/cd/sambol/index.htm
www.workers.org Oct. 30, 2003 Page 11
Revive the struggle for socialism
By Larry Holmes the struggle for worldwide socialism. anti-war and anti-imperialist movement, virtually put itself on ice until after the
There is reason to believe that now is the struggle of colonized countries and elections. It’s a mistake that is far more
The following is excerpted from a talk such a time. peoples—indeed the world class struggle likely to be made by those in the move-
given by Holmes, a member of Workers There is a relatively large political between the mass of exploited and ment who have concluded that their only
World Party’s Secretariat, to a Sept. 20 movement that has been radicalized and oppressed, and the infinitely smaller but alternative is to choose between imperi-
meeting in New York City. mobilized by the war. There have been all-too-powerful class of exploiters and alist politicians, because they lack another
What are our big problems as activists, huge demonstrations like the ones last oppressors. direction—a world direction, a socialist
militants, socialists and all revolutionar- spring. This movement needs a world- What can we do to open up a new chap- direction.
ies, both in the United States and around wide revolutionary socialist perspective. ter in the struggle to revive the world Actually, both the UN Security Council
the world? Well, there is U.S. imperialism, Armed with such a perspective, the move- struggle for socialism? that rubberstamped the U.S. occupation
which is on the rampage, unchecked. ment will be far better prepared to uphold This is a central responsibility for revo- of Iraq, and the U.S. Congress that rub-
There’s Bush. There is this deepening cap- real internationalism in the struggle. lutionary organizations and for the berstamped Bush’s request for a fortune
italist crisis, which is intensifying What this means is the ability to see the broader movement in the United States. to pay for bombs, bullets and more death
exploitation and oppression. There are struggle against the war as not merely the Because as the detachment of the move- and destruction, have shown once again
unprecedented dangers for a world at the desire for peace, or merely important ment located at the center of U.S. imperi- that they are no brake on the war. They
mercy of a new violent and destructive because of the toll it has taken on the lives alism, we have an extra obligation to be are flunkies for it.
phase of imperialism. of U.S. soldiers or the enormous amount strong, to be unflinching internationalists, Is there another alternative we can rely
But that’s just one side of the problem. of money that has been wasted on it. to do all that we can in the class struggle on to stop endless wars and occupations?
The other aspect of the problem is on There is nothing wrong with those rea- at home, the anti-war struggle at home— We saw a glimpse of the working-class
our side of the class barrier. Those of us in sons for opposing war and occupation. but also to embrace and demonstrate con- movement on a worldwide basis asserting
the socialist movement with an anti- But the movement cannot sustain itself, crete solidarity with our sisters and broth- itself on the scene last spring. Remember
imperialist, revolutionary outlook—what- comprehend events and remain indepen- ers around the globe who are fighting the those incredible massive marches to stop
ever the political differences among par- dent unless it clearly sees itself as part of imperialist empire. the war?
ties and organizations that have managed a world movement to defeat imperialism Actually this is not a duty; it is a privi- New York Times writer Patrick Tyler
to hold onto a generally revolutionary per- and to support the liberation struggle of lege that we embrace fully. wrote a front-page article about these
spective and play a key role in organizing all who find themselves under the thumb How do we go about taking this task demonstrations in which he compared
the surprisingly strong mass resistance to of imperialism. It is ultimately impossi- to the next level? Strengthening our the literally tens of millions of people who
U.S imperialism’s endless war—such ble to uphold such a position unless you work in the anti-imperialist movement took to the streets to a “second super-
organizations, and we count ourselves see the struggle as a means to replace is certainly a big part of this. And so is power.” Tyler was earning his pay by
among them, are waging an uphill battle imperialism with a fundamentally differ- finding new and bold ways to engage warning the powers that be that the
to attain real political influence within the ent social order that acts in the interests and help the process of radicalizing the movement could become a force more
broad working class, the unions, and the of humanity. broader workers’ movement. powerful than the UN or any alliance of
mass movement. If there is not a broad socialist move- A big problem that the movement will government leaders. And that force was
The seriousness of the world crises has ment with strong organizations that one be grappling with for the next 12 months the mass of the people worldwide rising
made us sharply aware that we must find way or another is influencing the struggle is the pressure to close itself down, sus- up from below in a way that no one has
the way to strengthen our position among in that direction, then it should come as pend demonstrations, and focus solely on seen in a long time, if ever.
the workers, especially those who are no surprise that some opponents of the defeating President Bush in the 2004 elec- Such a force could tear down the
becoming radicalized and who are in war conclude: “Why not have the United tion. The broad problem with being drawn old order and build a new order, a
motion. This is in order to wage a far more Nations come in and take over Iraq? True, into the “lesser of evils” desperation is that socialist one. This is the direction we
effective and bolder class struggle to the UN is dominated by imperialist pow- the problem is not merely Bush or must move in.
answer the day-in, day-out class war ers, but what’s the alternative? At least Rumsfeld or any of the other scary “neo- In December 2003, Workers World
waged against us by an unstable capital- the U.S. role would be diminished.” cons” running the war. Party will be hosting a conference with the
ist system ever more prone to resort to The imperialists act in their own It’s imperialism. And it’s the deepening theme “How Can the Worldwide Struggle
economic and military war against the interests. But if there is no alternative crises that drive this malignant system for Socialism Be Revived?”
people of the planet. world struggle for socialism that has toward catastrophic acts no matter who’s This conference will be a small but
The reality is that our class worldwide, growing influence in the mass move- in the White House. timely step through which we hope to
but especially here at the center of U.S. ment, why would someone not conclude The more practical problem is the dan- engage activists in a serious discussion, at
imperialism, needs strong leadership and that the best course for the Liberian ger that the movement will abandon its a time when the mass struggle is showing
strong organizations. If this problem is people is for the imperialists to come struggle against the occupation of Iraq signs of new life, about how those who
avoided or denied it will only leave the there, save them, bring them food, sta- and Afghanistan, or the huge funding that share the dream of a new world can go on
working class more and more disori- bilize the situation to reduce deaths and Congress just approved for the war, and the offensive.
ented, disorganized, immobilized and at unnecessary casualties?
the mercy of bourgeois ideology. And of course the same holds true for
the electoral struggle. If there is no alter-
New anger rising native socialist struggle, then why should
Today in the United States, even after one not be for the Democratic party pres-
what has seemed like an endless mood of idential candidates as the only pragmatic
defensiveness and passivity on the part of solution to Bush? Even the most militant
key sectors of the working class, a new activists and revolutionaries with good
anger is rising from below. It is there, from hearts, who love the struggle, are affected
the tens of thousands of striking grocery by this.
workers to the legions of new immigrant
workers who have brought new militancy From anti-capitalist to socialist
and a high level of class consciousness to I often pick up “High Tech, Low Pay,”
the many industries in which they have by Workers World Party founder Sam
become the predominant force. Marcy. He wrote that the new crisis in the
And it’s scaring the hell out of a capi- labor unions, which comes as a result of
talist establishment that for quite some an entirely new phase of the capitalist
time has been convinced that it has the economy—restructuring engineered by
workers under control. the intervention of technology—is push-
The question must be asked: Can the ing down wages and permanently elimi-
vanguard organizations help this new tide nating jobs on a worldwide basis.
of struggle, influence it, help sustain it and And he pointed out how this develop-
foster meaningful solidarity with it? The ment has the potential of radicalizing the
answer is clear. Only if we strengthen our- working-class movement. It brings to the
selves to the point where we can go on the fore a new composition of labor.
offensive politically—or more to the point, In order to fight back against these
advance the struggle for socialism. changes in the economy, it is necessary to
Many of us who are serious about move from the limitations of trade union-
socialism have felt like we were on the ism to a more bold, revolutionary, politi-
defensive. But the event of course that cal approach—both tactically and pro-
accentuated this problem and pushed it to grammatically. In other words, an
a higher level, made it an even deeper cri- approach more consistent with an anti-
sis, was the collapse of the Soviet Union. capitalist, pro-socialist perspective.
As we look back to 1991, we might say that In so many ways, the critical question
this event signified the beginning of a new of how to advance the worldwide social-
obstacle for the struggle for socialism. In ist movement affects the tenor and tone
many ways, we have been waiting for the of the struggle, of politics, in the labor
opportunity to open up a new chapter in movement at every level. It affects the
Page 12 Oct. 30, 2003 www.workers.org
U.S., Israel step up war
By Richard Becker rushed to the rescue, a second missile was and we continue to reiterate that view.” ried out several days of attacks and house
fired into the crowd. Ereli added that the Bush administra- demolitions in Rafah, the southern Gaza
With full backing from Washington, The toll in the camp was seven killed tion also “reminds the Palestinians of their city and refugee camp that borders Egypt.
Israel has qualitatively escalated its war and 75 wounded. Among the dead was a commitments to crack down on terror.” As At least 15 Palestinians were killed and
against the Palestinian people in recent doctor who was treating victims when a usual, “terror” is a word reserved only for more than 1,200 left homeless.
days. Predictably, the corporate media second missile struck. Palestinian actions. Israeli militarized bulldozers—supplied
here have focused on Israeli casualties in According to the Guardian newspaper, PA spokesperson Saeb Erekat called the and specially armored for the job by
the conflict, and largely ignored the sig- Israel’s Channel 10 TV said that all of those attacks in Gaza “a bloody massacre.” Caterpillar Corp.—destroyed more than
nificance of the United States-Israeli esca- killed were civilians, and called the The supposed pretext for bombing Gaza 100 Palestinian homes in Rafah. The aim,
lation. refugee camp strike a “mistake.” was a battle in the West Bank near claimed Israeli authorities, was to destroy
The Bush administration has stepped The use of deadly high-tech weaponry Ramallah in which three Israeli occupa- tunnels used to bring in arms.
up both its support for Israel and its pres- against civilian areas violates both U.S. tion soldiers were killed and one And on Oct. 21, Israeli Prime Minister
sure on the Palestinian Authority to crack and international law, though you would- wounded. The Israeli and U.S. govern- Ariel Sharon, whose efficiency at refugee
down on the Palestinian resistance. In n’t know it based on the loud silence from ments, as well as the corporate media, camp massacres is unrivaled, announced
response to developments in both Washington. referred to the Palestinians involved, in a speech to the Israeli parliament that
Palestine and Iraq, anti-U.S. sentiment Under U.S. law, Israel is restricted to reportedly the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, Israel remains committed to the
has risen sharply throughout the region. using such U.S.-provided weaponry for as “terrorists.” Images of weeping Israeli “removal” of PA President Yasir Arafat.
On Oct. 20, U.S.-supplied F-16 fighter- “self-defense”—that is, in case of attack by troops, mourning the deaths of their fel- Sharon cynically labeled Arafat “the
bombers and attack helicopters struck another state. low soldiers, were everywhere in the greatest obstacle to peace.” Arafat has
northern areas of densely populated Gaza, The extremely mild U.S. response to the media. been under house arrest inside his largely
in and around Gaza City and the Nusseirat Gaza air raids stood in stark contrast to its The heavy bombing of Gaza civilians destroyed presidential compound in
refugee camp. standard ringing condemnation of any was presented as retaliation for the Israeli Ramallah for more than a year-and-a-half,
At least 11 Palestinians were killed and Palestinian act of resistance. “We urge the military casualties. But if that were in fact prevented from leaving by Israeli forces.
more than 130 wounded—among them government of Israel to take all appropri- the case, then the bombing would by def- Thus far, Washington has blocked Sharon
many elementary-school children—in the ate cautions to prevent the death and inition be an act of collective punishment, from expelling the PA president, fearing
day’s six air raids. injury of innocent civilians and damage to also prohibited under international law. that such a move might ignite a firestorm
The great majority of the casualties civilian and humanitarian infrastructure,” The news stories left out the fact that of protest in the Middle East and beyond.
were civilians—and not unintentionally. said State Department deputy spokesper- people living under military occupation Sharon also announced that Israel is
According to an account in the Oct. 21 Los son J. Adam Ereli. “We continue to make have the universally acknowledged right accelerating construction of its apartheid
Angeles Times, in the attack on Nusseirat clear that while Israel has a right to to resist by whatever means are at their wall in the West Bank. The wall will fence
a missile was first fired into a car by an defend itself, we remain concerned of the disposal. in the Palestinian population while fenc-
Israeli combat helicopter. After people impact of its actions on innocent civilians, The week before, Israeli forces had car- Conmtinued on page 14
Conference builds unity with Palestine
the conveners resolved to unify the PSM, • The PSM’s strength is in the great ing educational campaigns on Palestine
Following are excerpts from a report
maintain the centrality of divestment as its diversity of its membership. The PSM in all areas, the conference resolved to
by Elias Rashmawi on the Third North
anchor, and protect its founding principles welcomes individuals of all ethnic and support and call for the following:
America Conference of the Palestine
that were set in Berkeley, Calif., in 2001. religious backgrounds to join in solidar- • Strengthen and support the estab-
Solidarity Movement, held at Rutgers
With more than 1,000 letters of support ity with the struggle for justice in lishment of a Divestment Resource
University in New Brunswick, N.J., on
worldwide, and an endorsement list that Palestine. Center
Oct. 10-12. The conference resolved to
intersects North America with the Arab • As a solidarity movement, it is not • Called for nationally coordinated
propose to the movement that the fourth
World, this three-day event was historic in our place to dictate the strategies or tac- action in commemoration of Land Day
PSM conference be held in Northern
the tasks placed on its shoulders. tics adopted by the Palestinian people in (March 30) and the Deir Yasin Massacre
their struggle for liberation. (April 9).
Conference Decisions • Called for nationally coordinated
Defeating one of the most vicious
The conference resolved to affirm Strategy action in support of Palestine on May 15,
Zionist and right-wing-orchestrated
unchanged the existing principles of unity • The PSM seeks to promote the fol- 2004, in commemoration of the Nakba
assaults on Palestine solidarity in North
set forth in the founding Conference in lowing campaigns: Divestment from in 1948.
America in recent history, the Third North
Berkeley, Calif., 2001. These principles Israel; ending U.S. aid to Israel; right of • Support the Oct. 25 mobilization
America Conference of the Palestine
are: return against war in Washington, D.C. and San
Solidarity Movement at Rutgers
• The PSM is committed to a core set • Using tactics which may include: Francisco, and organize a Palestine soli-
University concluded its proceedings and
of principles. Education; public demonstrations and darity contingency
activities with a resounding success and a
• The PSM believes that the rallies; civil disobedience or direct action • Call for national Palestine solidarity
determination to forge forward to build a
Palestinian people must ultimately be • The PSM does not endorse activities protests at the Republican and
unified and principled movement.
able to decide their future in Palestine. that contradict the guiding principles as Democratic National Conventions
In what will be recorded as a defini-
Certain key principles, grounded in, but stated above. * Support the mobilization in defense
tional event in the history of Palestine sol-
not limited to, international law, human • Individuals or groups acting as mem- of Mumia Abu-Jamal
idarity in the U.S., this was the first-ever
conference of this size and significance to rights, and basic standards of justice, will bers, representatives, or sponsors of the
Support for Civil Liberties:
announce its actual venue only 48 hours be fundamental to a just resolution to the PSM agree to abide by the code of con-
plight of the Palestinians. These include: duct and promote its guiding principles. The conference issued the following res-
prior to convening to outmaneuver the
the full decolonization of all Palestinian • In the interest of building a more olution:
enormous systematic pressure imposed
land, including settlements, which are unified and expanding solidarity move- “The Third PSM Conference condemns
by the Zionist movement and right-wing
illegal under international law; the end of ment for justice and human rights in the assault on civil liberties on all people,
forces that had caused the cancellation of
the Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip Palestine, individuals or groups may particularly Arab Americans and Muslims,
all previously secured venues.
and West Bank, including East endorse and sign on to the above guiding and demands the repealing of the USA
Yet, despite all stacked odds, between
Jerusalem and all Arab lands; the recog- principles. Patriot Act, and calls for support for all
Oct. 10 and Oct. 12 at least 300 commit-
nition and implementation of the right of those who have been unjustly criminal-
ted national activists, including many
return and repatriation for all Palestinian Establishing a PSM ized, in particular the LA-8 and Dr. Sami
founders of the PSM and divestment
refugees to their original homes and Coordinating Committee Al-Arian.
movement that was initiated in 2001 in
properties; and an end to the Israeli sys- In order to facilitate open and voluntary “The conference further rejects all
Berkeley, Calif., participated undeterred
tem of Apartheid and discrimination coordination within the constituent mem- attempts to vilify Palestine solidarity work
in the proceedings and activities of the
against the indigenous Palestinian popu- bers of the PSM, and in an effort to include and calls on all to join in the solidarity
Third PSM Conference. They came from
lation. within the movement both student and movement for Palestine.”
as far as California and Florida to join
• Just as the PSM condemns the community organizations, the Conference For more information visit:
many others from the Midwest and the
racism and discrimination inherent in resolved to establish a National Coor- www.divestmentconference.com
East Coast determined to register a unified
Zionism underlying the policies and laws dinating Committee of the Palestine Rashmawi is a member of the na-
stand in solidarity with Palestinian people.
of the state of Israel, the PSM rejects any Solidarity Movement. ... tional steering committees of the Free
Reflecting the worldwide support
form of hatred or discrimination against Palestine Alliance and the International
extended to the Third PSM Conference
any group based on race, ethnicity, reli- Action Plan: ANSWER coalition.
through the enthusiastic endorsement of
229 organizations and 1,498 individuals, gion, gender, or sexual orientation. In addition to calling for implement-
www.workers.org Oct. 30, 2003 Page 13
Overthrown president surfaces in Miami as
Bolivian people get ready for next round
By Alicia Jrapko resented the Bolivian oligarchy and U.S. of Bolivian Workers (COB), Felipe Quispe
imperialist interests, and had close ties to Huanca from the United Confederation of
Enron. Workers and Peasants of Bolivia
After a mass upheaval in Bolivia, Latin When the former president announced (CSUTCB) and Evo Morales, leader of the
America’s poorest country, the president he would sell billions of dollars worth of Movement toward Socialism. In the last
has fled to the U.S. and the vice president Bolivia’s natural gas to the United States election, Morales almost became presi-
has been sworn in as the new head of state. and Mexico, thousands of outraged people dent. He enjoys great popularity among
Ex-president Gonzalo Sánchez de took to the streets. Miners, students and the small farmers who grow coca—which
Lozada found immediate safe haven in Indigenous people marched miles on foot in leaf form is a mild, non-addictive stim-
Miami just days after he resigned, and has to shut down the capital. More than 80 ulant that has been grown in the Andes for
since flown to Washington. His replace- people were killed by the U.S.-trained and hundreds of years—as well as other sectors
ment, Carlos Mesa, is another millionaire -backed military before he finally of the population.
in a country where the average salary is $5 resigned. The COB and Morales have a similar
a week and 70 percent of the people live The Bolivian people have a long history position: stop the massive offensive
below the official poverty line. However, of defending their natural resources. against neoliberalism and multinational
Mesa claims to be politically independent Between 1933 and 1935 Bolivia fought a corporations in order to give the new pres-
and distanced himself from the president bloody war against Paraguay to defend its ident a little break to see if he is capable of
when La Paz, the capital, was surrounded oil. In 1969, under the presidency of fulfilling the demands of the great major-
by tens of thousands of demonstrating Alfredo Ovando Candia, the government ity of Bolivians.
workers and farmers. nationalized the Bolivian Gulf Oil Co., tak- Felipe Quispe, on the other hand, has
Sánchez de Lozada has been a close ally ing control of 90 percent of its hydrocar- neoliberalism in the country. taken a tougher approach. He gave the
of the U.S. ruling class and implemented bon reserves. But in 1972, under the dic- What interventionist plans is the Bush new president 90 days to answer the
the policies of privatization, “free trade” tatorship of Hugo Banzer, a new hydro- administration drawing up? The U.S. gov- demands of Indigenous people—who
and austerity that have come to be known carbon law opened the doors to the multi- ernment has been relatively quiet, but on make up 60 percent of the population—or
as neoliberalism. national corporations. Oct. 17 dispatched a military team to he will call a general uprising aimed at tak-
In Latin America today, there are no This history of the Bolivian people has Bolivia to “assess the situation.” ing power.
illusions that neoliberalism is about created strong feeling against the Free Mesa has promised to call early elec- The situation in Bolivia is very volatile.
modernization or improving the stan- Trade Agreement of the Americas, which tions and to look into the hydrocarbon The Bolivian people have shown to the
dard of living of the majority of people. the U.S. has been pushing. laws. But the leaders of the mass opposi- world a great deal of determination. After
For the poor, it means selling off their nat- So far Carlos Mesa does not seem to rep- tion are skeptical that he will make any a month of struggle, they defeated a pro-
ural resources to make a handful of resent any threat to U.S. imperialist inter- changes because he is also a fervent sup- ject but not the system. They won a battle
rulers, foreign banks and transnational ests. But the Bolivian people are in motion, porter of a “free market” economy. Mesa but not the war.
corporations richer. and things can change rapidly. enjoys the support of the traditional par- The road to real and profound change
Sánchez de Lozada was one of the rich- The new president will have to work ties, which see him as the only possibility is full of obstacles, but the people of Bolivia
est people in Bolivia, with a fortune calcu- with the masses, who are invigorated by to preserve a failed and archaic system. and of Latin America sooner or later will
lated at $220 million and investments in their recent victory, but will also face pres- The main leaders of the opposition are own and control their resources. Until
South America, Asia and Africa. He rep- sure from those who want to maintain Jaime Solares from the powerful Central then, the struggle will continue.
Popular movements shake Latin America
By Rebeca Toledo As always, imperialism discounted the tinue their sabotage of the Venezuelan Gutierrez, a mid-level officer, as president
level of suffering, and thus resistance, it government, particularly in the economic in 2002.
As resistance grows against the U.S. would create. Today, Argentina lies in ruin sphere—which they still control. There is Lula da Silva in Brazil was also brought
occupation of Iraq, so does the resistance because of these measures. One of many also speculation that the CIA has plans to into office by working-class and peasant
in Latin America against continued impe- countries rich in natural resources and assassinate President Chávez. However, organizations in 2002.
rialist domination. No matter what bour- agriculture, Argentina now imports food with every battle, the revolutionary The noteworthy and significant elec-
geois pundits may claim, what is happen- for its people. The Argentine people rose process has grown stronger and the tions that have occurred in many countries
ing in the Middle East, together with the up two years ago to say “no” to any more Bolivarian Circles, based in neighbor- in Latin America recently are not just pas-
tumultuous developments of Latin Amer- privatization or belt-tightening. hoods throughout Venezuela, have played sive acts in the voting polls. They clearly
ica and the Caribbean, bodes ill for U.S. In Colombia, the resistance has grown a key role in its success. represent a response to neo-liberal poli-
imperialism. Indeed, the adage—a specter strong despite the neo-fascist government In 1994, the Zapatistas captured the cies. They are a great source of hope for the
is haunting imperialism—is quite true. there. In the 1990s, general strikes and imagination of the world movement with people.
In October, Bolivia erupted against a armed struggle have increased and their bold armed resistance to NAFTA, the But it remains to be seen when the peo-
proposed natural gas theft led by British become stronger. The U.S. is now attempt- imperialist trade policy to further strangle ple of Latin America will take things fur-
oil companies. The street protesters were ing to kill the movement through repres- Mexico. Since then, the Indigenous move- ther and not only take office but take state
a coalition of Indigenous, labor, student sion and military intervention. The presi- ment in the region has been awakened. power. In any case, the people have voted
and peasant organizations. When the dent of Colombia, Alvaro Uribe, is a will- In Puerto Rico, the U.S. Navy was suc- against continued imperialist plunder and
smoke cleared, the military and police had ing U.S. puppet, carrying out Colombia’s cessfully thrown out of Vieques in 2003 by domination.
killed some 70 people. But the people had version of Homeland Security. a four-year civil disobedience campaign U.S. imperialism touted that, with the
also ousted President Gonzalo Sánchez de But trade unionists, students and peas- that reinvigorated and united the move- collapse of the Soviet Union, history as we
Lozada, known as “el gringo,” and his sell- ants continue to find new room to strug- ment. The struggle continues in Puerto knew it had ended and capitalism had
out plan. gle. The guerrilla groups FARC-EP and Rico for reparations and independence. won. And then after 9/11, the U.S. believed
Emboldened by the collapse of the ELN have formed an alliance against the Haiti saw the re-election of President it had carte blanche to dominate the world.
Soviet Union, U.S. imperialism in the military and the paramilitaries and con- Aristide in 2000, after the ruling elite and The collapse of the Soviet Union cer-
1990s had embarked on a belligerent tinue to engage them in combat. the U.S. had overthrown him in 1986. tainly was a big blow to the communist
strategy throughout the world. In Latin Socialist Cuba survived the “special and progressive movement worldwide.
America the policy, known as neo-liberal- ‘The whole world will rise up!’ period,” a time of great economic hardship And it continues to resonate. National lib-
ism, focused on economic strangulation, In 1998 the people of Venezuela voted brought on by the collapse of its trading eration struggles and the remaining
as well as supporting and orchestrating in President Hugo Chávez as an answer to partners in the Soviet Union and Eastern socialist countries continue to feel the loss.
counter-revolutionary activities that neo-liberalism and corruption. Since then, Europe. The mobilization and the victory But as the heroic people of Iraq are prov-
aimed to turn back revolutionary strug- the Chávez government has rewritten the of the Cuban people to return Elián ing, dialectical materialism is still the tool
gles. The Nicaraguan revolution was over- constitution and begun implementing González to his father showed the world for analyzing the class struggle. Oppres-
thrown. The struggles in El Salvador and economic and social changes that benefit the strength of the revolution, as well as sion and repression breed resistance.
Guatemala were dealt dangerous blows, as the working class and peasantry. the weakness of the counter-revolution. That is exactly what is happening in
were others. In April 2002, Chávez was overthrown Today’s U.S. threats against Cuba are Latin America today in more countries
In order to continue the centuries-long by the ruling elite—backed by the U.S. But again being challenged by the mobiliza- than can be mentioned in one brief
policy of robbing the riches of the conti- within 48 hours, the workers and peasants tion of the people. And in Cuba and overview. The mass movement through-
nent, privatization of nationalized indus- in the streets and the progressive sectors throughout the world, millions are fight- out the region varies in tactics, orientation
tries became the main goal of imperialism. of the military had undone the counter- ing to free the Cuban Five, Cubans held and success. But the common thread is
Argentina, Bolivia and others became revolution, proving once again that the unjustly in U.S. prisons. resistance.
models for International Monetary Fund role of the workers is central and decisive In Ecuador, in 2000, an Indigenous and Latin Americans are also fierce inter-
and World Bank austerity measures. To do in the revolutionary process. Chávez was mid-level military alliance in the streets nationalists and have stood strong against
its bidding, imperialism found willing ser- re-installed and the base of the Bolivarian overthrew the president and his neo-lib- the U.S. war in Iraq. A popular chant there
vants throughout the region who sold their Revolution flexed its muscle. eral policies. The organized Indigenous sums it all up: “Iraq, hold on, the whole
countries out for cheap. Today the U.S. and the ruling elite con- population was key in the election of Lucio world will rise up!”
Page 14 Oct. 30, 2003 www.workers.org
As U.S. puts pressure on north
Congo, Africa Korean people
By Deirdre Griswold The People’s Action in Opposition to
& imperialism Under heavy pressure from the Bush
administration, the South Korean gov-
Troop Dispatch, the ad hoc coalition
encompassing hundreds of community
and social groups, said it will hold a mas-
ernment on Oct. 18 decided to send sev- sive rally on Oct. 25—the same day that
The Democratic Republic of Congo, and lowest-cost cobalt project.”
eral thousand additional troops to Iraq. anti-war forces are demonstrating in the
formerly Zaire, is one of the richest (Reuters, Oct. 2) The Kolwezi project
It’s a decision that has offended not only U.S. and other countries against the war
countries on the face of the earth in involves an estimated 800,000 pounds
the country’s vigorous anti-war move- and occupation in Iraq and Afghanistan.
terms of mineral wealth. It is home to of cobalt and 3.7 million pounds of cop-
ment but students, workers, professionals Other demonstrations are planned
large reserves of tantalum, a very rare per.
and a coalition of over 350 civic groups, around the country.
mineral that is essential in creating With the Congo government hard-
which has been formed to plan massive South Korea is being roiled by the bel-
coltan. Coltan is essential to the high- pressed on all sides, the World Bank got
demonstrations against the move. licose statements and actions of the U.S.
tech needs of the electronics industry. Gecamines to revise its mining code.
According to a report in the daily government on two fronts: first, by threats
Once processed into a powder to coat Tim Read, AMF’s chief executive, told
Chosun Ilbo on Oct. 20, 1,500 riot police directed at the northern half of Korea
capacitors, its ability to hold an electric Reuters that “For the first time in 20
have been deployed around the U.S. itself, where the Democratic People’s
charge makes it indispensible in high- years the Congo is investable. The min-
Embassy in Seoul in anticipation of the Republic of Korea (DPRK) is determined
tech equipment including cellular ing code brings a stable, transparent and
protests. to hold onto its independent social system
phones, computers, jet engines, missiles robust legal and fiscal regime. It brings
The Korea Times of the same day in the face of stepped-up military and eco-
and weapons systems. A major portion great confidence.”
reports that a huge student rally is nomic threats from Washington; and, sec-
of the world’s tantalum is found in And why is the Congo now
planned for Nov. 1. The student group ond, by the Bush administration’s
Africa, of which 80 percent is located in “investable”? Because the new mining
Pomchonghakryon issued a statement demands that South Korea, where 37,000
the DRC’s eastern region. code reduced the stake of Gecamines in
that “The dispatch of combat troops to U.S. troops still occupy the country more
Despite all this abundance of wealth, this $300-million project from 40 per-
Iraq is an act which cannot be justified as than half a century after the 1950-53 war
the DRC has one of the world’s poorest cent to just 12.5 percent.
it will intervene in an unjustified war and against the north, support its hated war in
populations. While hundreds of millions Now wonder that the share price of
increase the possibility of war on the Iraq.
of impoverished people, many in Africa, American Mineral Fields has doubled in
Korean peninsula.” It is taking turns with The population has become increas-
live on $1 a day, according to United the last few months.
other student organizations to stage daily ingly indignant and resistant to
Nations statistics, the people of the DRC The media, in writing about the dev-
demonstrations in downtown Seoul, the Washington’s pressures in recent years, to
live on 25 cents a day. Since a civil war astation in the Congo, leave out the role
capital. the point where one of the most popular
broke out in the DRC in 1998, an esti- that U.S. and European imperialist
mated 4 to 5 million Congolese have lost intervention have played in wreaking
their lives. In 2001, the previous DRC havoc upon its economic and political
Building unity with
president, Laurent Kabila, who spoke development since the end of the 19th
out against the IMF and World Bank’s century, when the Belgians first brutally
stranglehold on his country’s economy, colonized this country.
was assassinated. This past August, the deputy com-
Reports have recently appeared in the mander of U.S. forces in Europe, Gen.
U.S. media expressing optimism that the Charles Wald, went to the DRC accom-
war is over and peace is on the horizon, panied by a U.S. military delegation of
and 97 percent believe the United States
after an agreement three months ago to 20 members to join French and Belgian Continued from page 12
is biased in favor of Israel.
set up a transitional government in military forces there. The Pentagon, ing out more than 50 percent of West Bank Results of the new survey contrast
which the government of the along with NATO, is planning to estab- land. sharply with one from only five months
Democratic Republic of Congo must lish military facilities in areas in west-
ago. At that time nearly half of respon-
share power with rebel groups. But the ern, eastern and northern Africa, Anti-U.S. sentiment deepens
dents expressed the belief that the United
Congo government in Kinshasa disputes enabling the U.S. to rival its European throughout Middle East
States supported a Palestinian state.
this, saying that foreign troops from allies for hegemony from Congo to As both Israeli repression and Pales- The UN’s Arab Human Development
Uganda and Rwanda, which backed the Liberia to Zimbabwe. tinian resistance continue, and as the Report, issued on Oct. 20, reported deep-
rebels, are moving back into the area. The U.S. and other imperialists cloak United States steps up its multi-pronged ening radicalization and anti-U.S. senti-
What the media are not writing about their interventions in Africa as humani- offensive in the region, the polarization of ment throughout the region.
is how this terrible war has served the tarian efforts, but the hard economic the Middle East is rapidly intensifying. In a recent front page editorial, As-
interests of the imperialist-owned cor- facts show that for every penny of aid Whether this polarization is prelude to a Safir, the biggest daily newspaper in
porations that want to exploit the they give, they take out vast fortunes in wider war remains to be seen. Lebanon, wrote: “One does not reveal a
Congo. stolen resources and labor. Washington has made it clear that its secret by saying many Palestinians, Arabs
One of those corporations is The worldwide anti-war movement objective is to eliminate all independent and Muslims kill an American every day
American Mineral Fields, a relatively can assist the resistance of African peo- states and popular movements in the area. in their dreams. ... The United States is
small company originally based in Hope, ples to the giant profiteering banks and With the full support of most of the U.S. responsible for massive catastrophes that
Ark.—the hometown of Bill Clinton. It corporations by connecting the struggle Congress, the Bush administration is have befallen this region and its people.”
announced early in October that it was for reparations for Africa to the struggle threatening new sanctions against Syria The editorial followed an unprece-
about to conclude an agreement with the against war and occupation. This will and Iran and giving a blank check to the dented bomb attack on a U.S. diplomatic
Congo’s state minerals agency, help strengthen international solidarity Sharon government in its war on the convoy in Gaza on Oct. 16, in which three
Gecamines, for the development of with working and oppressed peoples Palestinians—while at the same time wag- U.S. contract personnel were killed. The
“what could become the world’s biggest here and abroad. ing its own war against the Iraqi people. three were employees of DynCorp, the
So one-sided is the U.S. support that infamous Virginia-based security firm
when Israel deliberately undermined that has supplied mercenaries for U.S.
Subscribe to Bush’s own “road map for peace,”
Washington blamed the Palestinians.
Likewise, when Israel bombed Syria, Bush
operations around the world.
In an Oct. 20 speech, Syrian Vice
President Zuhair Masharka condemned
Workers World blamed the Syrians, and the United States
went on to veto a United Nations Security
Council resolution condemning the bla-
what he called a “war of extermination
perpetrated by the war criminal Ariel
Sharon who wants to depopulate the
SPECIAL TRIAL SUBSCRIPTION tant violation of international law.
This year U.S. taxpayers will involun-
“Massacres carried out several days ago
$2 FOR EIGHT WEEKS (NEW SUBSCRIPTION) tarily donate around $5 billion to the in Rafah” in the southern Gaza Strip and
Israeli state. the ensuing “enormous destruction” are a
None of this escapes the attention of “clear sign that Sharon the terrorist is an
$25 for one year
public opinion in the Arab world. enemy of peace and that his government
“Negative perceptions of the United is a government of war,” said Masharka.
States have always been there, but this is “Without the help, support and protec-
the worst we’ve ever seen it,” said Khalil tion of the American administration,
Phone number ____________________________________________________________________________________
Shikaki, director of the Palestinian Center Israel could never commit such terrorist
for Policy and Survey Research, which acts against Palestinians. The United
conducted a poll of 1,387 Palestinian resi- States provides Israel with political, mili-
dents in the West Bank. The poll found tary, economic and financial support,”
that more than 95 percent of Palestinians and “tries to justify [Israeli] crimes on the
Workers World Newspaper believe the United States does not really pretext that the Zionist enemy is acting in
55 West 17 St. NY, NY 10011 (212) 627-2994 support the creation of a Palestinian state, self-defense,” Masharka said.
www.workers.org Oct. 30, 2003 Page 15
resist Bush's war drive
songs in the south describes the U.S. with Joong Ang of Oct. 16 reported that “Four
a four-letter word. out of every 10 university graduates are
The crushing of two Korean schoolgirls jobless, according to a recent survey done
by a U.S. tank in June 2002 produced a by Scout, a job agency.” Korean families
firestorm of fierce emotion against the sacrifice a great deal to put their children
military occupation. This forced President through college. This is a deep blow to peo-
George W. Bush to eventually apologize to ple of all generations.
the Korean people for the deaths—some- Gone is the illusion that the U.S. mili-
thing he was loath to do. tary presence and the links between U.S.
These political crises come at a time and Korean capital would sustain healthy
when young South Koreans are facing a economic growth in the south. Koreans
grim future. According to an article in are looking more and more to how they
Chosun Ilbo on Oct. 20—the same day it can break down the barriers—erected by
reported on the angry reaction to the troop the United States—that separate north
deployment—”job hunters are facing one and south. Reunification of the Korean
of the most brutal job markets ever.” nation is the fervent desire of the Korean
The newspaper described the situation people.
at both large and small firms. The hardline grouping in the U.S. rul-
“For the 11 job openings at Yuhan- ing class that refuses to leave Korea has
Kimberly, 4,234 persons applied, leaving maneuvered for decades to prevent this
a ratio of job seekers to jobs at 385 to one. from happening. Now they are focused on
The ratio was 233 to one at Aekyung the DPRK’s nuclear defense capabilities.
Industries, which recently hired 15 new In 1994 the Clinton administration and
workers, and 223 to one at Namyang the DPRK negotiated an Agreed
Dairy Products. ... Framework under which North Korea
“The competition ratio was no better at would abandon its nuclear energy pro-
major firms. When Hyundai Motor and gram if the U.S. provided energy assis-
Kia Motors announced that they would tance and helped it to build a different type
hire about 800 new employees, about of nuclear reactor that would have no mil-
32,000 persons applied, for the ratio of 40 itary applications. That agreement was
to one, while the ratio at the SK group sabotaged by the U.S. government. It
reached 70 to one, as 35,000 applied for never fully supplied the oil North Korea
about 500 job openings at the group. It needed and the new reactors were never
could have been worse. GM Daewoo had built. Demonstration in Seoul, South Korea, opposes sending troops to Iraq, Oct. 11.
20 job openings; 2,000 applied.” The DPRK gave notice a year ago that it
This refutes the perception many hold was forced to resume work on its original
in the United States that manufacturing nuclear program. As the belligerent tone insult to and a blatant interference in the “It would be the biggest mistake for the
jobs, while scarce here, are abundant in of the Bush administration became more internal affairs of an independent sover- U.S. to calculate that the DPRK would sit
lower-wage countries. In fact, it was extreme, it also reiterated its right to eign state but a unilateral hostile act of idle and disarm itself, taken in by
recently confirmed that there is a world- defend itself against attack. grossly violating and completely nullifying Washington’s trick.
wide crisis of capitalist overproduction, On Oct. 20, the Korean Central News the AF [Agreed Framework] which called “When an appropriate time comes, the
stimulated by the tremendous expansion Agency reported an important statement on the two sides to respect each other’s DPRK’s increased nuclear deterrent force
of capital goods in the boom years of the from the Foreign Ministry of the DPRK, sovereignty, build mutual confidence and will be proved in practice.
1990s and the scientific-technological rev- which said in part: improve the bilateral relations. ... “The U.S. can never evade its responsi-
olution that has raised productivity so “The U.S. designation of the DPRK as “Now it is as clear as noonday that the bility for having unilaterally scrapped the
quickly. part of an ‘axis of evil’ and a target of its U.S. is set to seize the DPRK by force, DPRK-U.S. Agreed Framework and
The economic crisis is not confined to preemptive nuclear attack and its open through high-handed actions and by mil- blocked the denuclearization of the
factory jobs. The South Korean daily call for ‘regime change’ are not only an itary means. Korean peninsula.”
Una cortina fraudulenta para la ocupación
Contiua de Pagina 16 El bombardero suicida que atacó ayer Saddam. En Falujah y Mosul, predomi- de jazz a todo volumen por altoparlantes,
ados globales, a la utilización de la diplo- al Hotel de Bagdad usado con frecuencia naron las fuerzas musulmanas. En cada han desarraigado una vieja arboleda de
macia para obtener su participación en la por personal de los EE.UU. fue el cuarto área existían diferencias ideológicas entre palmas datileras y árboles de naranja y
misión en Irak. ... Si Washington no cam- miembro de la resistencia iraquí en los luchadores. Pero a pesar de eso, la limón en la parte central de Irak como
bia, el papel de los EE.UU. puede volverse matarse por la causa. El atentado se pro- lucha los está uniendo. parte de una política nueva de castigo
aún más sangriento, costoso y solitario.” dujo solamente tres días después del aten- “En los pequeños callejones de Mosul, colectivo contra pequeños agricultores
Es cierto que el Pentágono está deses- tado suicida contra una estación policial poco después de la captura de la ciudad, que no ofrezcan información sobre guer-
perado por ubicar tropas de otros países que dejó un saldo de por lo menos ocho me encontré frente a frente con un grupo rilleros que atacan a las tropas de los
para que los soldados de los EE.UU. no personas muertas. Por lo que he oído en de hombres armados, gritando y dis- EE.UU.”
tengan que enfrentar solos la mayoría del las reuniones que he tenido con parando sus armas en varias direcciones. Un kilómetro de área cultivada fue
fuego de la resistencia iraquí. Con la intro- luchadores de la resistencia en distintas Les pregunté quienes eran: algunos se destruída y 50 familias perdieron su sub-
ducción de las tropas de Turquía, el tri- partes de Irak, no cabe duda que se van a presentaron como ex miembros del sistencia en Dhuluaya. Cuando Sheikh
unvirato colonial estaría completo: el producir muchos más ataques semejantes Partido Baath, otros dijeron que perte- Hussein Ali Saleh al-Jabouri fue en una
poder que mantuvo un imperio tiránico en el futuro.” necían a organizaciones islámicas ... todos delegación a una base militar esta-
por 400 años en la tierra que es actual- Chehab se reunió con combatientes en aceptaban el mando del mismo comité en dounidense cercana, los oficiales descri-
mente Irak, se une a Bretaña, el poder Ramadi, Mosul, Tikrit, Falujah, Samarra, la ciudad que estaba encabezado por un bieron lo que había pasado como “un cas-
colonial del Siglo XX, y el superpoder de Bagdad y en otros lugares. Él se refirió a grupo de líderes religiosos. Más tarde des- tigo a la gente local porque “Ustedes saben
los EE.UU., el cual actualmente intenta las matanzas en puntos de inspección, cubrí que existían relaciones similares en quien pertenece a la resistencia y no nos
colonizar a Irak en el siglo XXI. arrestos masivos arbitrarios, disparos Falujah y Samarra”. dicen”.
desatinados, registros íntimos de mujeres, Mientras crece la resistencia, EE.UU. se Lo que los israelíes han hecho como
EE.UU. comienza castigos
registros invasivos de hogares, castigos vuelve más frustrado y más brutal—a forma de castigo colectivo contra los
colectivos al estilo de Israel
colectivos, la creencia generalizada de que pesar de los comentarios de Bush de que palestinos, está ocurriendo ahora en Irak,
Esta es una fórmula que garantiza la EE.UU. vino por el petróleo, y el saber ser “la cosa va bien”. dijo Sheik Hussein.
resistencia. Por ejemplo, el coche-bomba ocupados militarmente, como algunas de Patrick Cockburn, escribiendo en el Preguntado sobre el valor de su
de la embajada de Turquía. Zaki Chehab, las causas provocando la resistencia. periódico el London Independent del 12 arboleda perdida, uno de los campesinos,
un redactor político de la estación de tele- Según Chehad, los diferentes movi- de octubre, reveló que el mando militar de Musayef Jassim, contestó, “Es como si
visión árabe al-Hayat-LBC, hizo un mientos en Irak se han unido para resis- los EE.UU. está comenzando a actuar alguien me hubiera cortado las manos y
resumen de su estudio de la resistencia tir. En Ramadi, la resistencia “se definió como sus clientes israelitas. “Soldados de me preguntara cuánto era el valor de mis
iraquí en la edición del 14 de octubre del como nacionalista”. En Tikrit, los los EE.UU.”, escribió Cockburn, “mane- manos”.
Guardian de Londres: luchadores entrevistados eran leales a jando tractores niveladores, con música
¡PROLETARIOS Y OPRIMI DOS DE TODOS LOS PAÍSES, UNÍOS !
Resolución de la ONU sobre Irak:
Una cortina fraudulenta
para la ocupación
Por Fred Goldstein olución de la ONU que daría la “soberanía” será una vergüenza para cualquier gob- grande. Se trata del derecho a la soberanía
temprana a un gobierno provisional de ierno que vote por esta. para negociar—a costa del pueblo iraquí.
La Administración de Bush finalmente Irak y un “papel central” a la ONU en la Los franceses, alemanes y rusos han
puede que obtenga su resolución del formación del proceso político y estado ofreciendo enmiendas pero Lucha sobre cómo
Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU la cual económico de “reconstrucción” de Irak. Washington ha puesto una pared ante conquistar a Irak
calificaría la ocupación colonial cualquier cambio sustancial. Las tres La lucha entre la administración de
británica—estadounidense como “una Washington no cede en puntos potencias dicen que no se opondrán al Bush y un sector de la clase gobernante de
fuerza multilateral de la ONU”. La resolu- substanciales voto. Aparentemente tienen miedo de los Estados Unidos sobre cómo hacer que
ción dejaría al ejército de los Estados Por el momento, parece que profundizar la división con los imperialis- la ONU también participe, surge del
Unidos al comando y con autoridad Washington no cedió nada substancial y tas estadounidenses. Tienen que vivir con miedo y la creciente resistencia que el
política absoluta sobre Irak por un futuro que los franceses, alemanes y rusos han la realidad de que el Pentágono tiene el ejército estadounidense ha enfrentado,
indefinido. tenido que aceptar la resolución de la control sobre Irak. Si acaso hubiera alguna además del enorme costo de la guerra. Esa
Washington aparentemente ha podido administración de Bush. Esta declara que esperanza de que estos puedan entrar a lucha se reduce a estos dos campos: aque-
forzar el apoyo de siete miembros depen- el Consejo gobernante títere—nombrado y ese territorio, el echar más leña al fuego llos críticos de la administración de Bush
dientes del Consejo de Seguridad que manejado por Paul Bremer—y la Coalición de las relaciones con los imperialistas que quieren que la ocupación y la con-
junto con los votos de EE.UU., Bretaña y de Autoridad de la Ocupación será la que estadounidenses, lo haría más difícil para quista del pueblo iraquí sea un éxito, pero
España, lograría 9 o 10 votos, suficientes “representará la soberanía de Irak, mien- el futuro. Si estos votan por la resolución piensan que vale la pena dar algo para
para lograr su resolución. El gobierno tras que la ONU jugará un “papel vital”, será una señal de que se hicieron tratos recibir ayuda, y aquellos en la adminis-
ruso, el francés y el chino según los como el entrenamiento de la policía, la secretos para dejarlos participar del botín tración de Bush quienes quieren ayuda
reportes, han dado señas de que no supervisión de las elecciones y otras fun- de guerra. pero no están dispuestos a hacer conce-
vetarían la decisión. ciones similares. siones, sólo unas mínimas atmosféricas.
Con la creciente cifra de bajas y el La resolución deletrea un proceso pro- ‘Soberanía’ bajo el imperialismo Hay una tercera posición, lo cual está
ejército del Pentágono incapaz de detener longado y puramente teórico al darle al El movimiento mundial debe estar provocando una guerra dentro de la
la resistencia o de controlar la situación en Consejo Gobernante hasta el 15 de diciem- absolutamente claro de lo que significa administración de Bush. Es la posición de
el territorio, además del enorme costo de bre para que escriba una constitución. esta lucha sobre la tal “soberanía” iraquí. Donald Rumsfeld—y posiblemente de
la ocupación, los imperialistas franceses, Luego establece un proceso electoral que Bajo el contexto de Irak es un concepto Dick Cheney—que quiere que no haya con-
alemanes y los capitalistas contrarrevolu- presuntamente llegaría a convocar elec- estrictamente legal, según los imperialis- cesiones. No quiere reconocer la necesi-
cionarios de Rusia han buscado cómo ciones y un gobierno iraquí. Pero mientras tas. La soberanía, para los gobiernos dad de un apoyo humillante de las demás
tomar ventaja de la dificultad que están tanto, la ocupación estadounidense tiene franceses, rusos y alemanes, significa un potencias imperialistas. No quiere
pasando los Estados Unidos. la autoridad total para gobernar. estatus gubernamental. El estatus guber- ninguna interferencia en el papel del
Washington fue obligado a ir a la ONU Nadie ha explicado cómo el Consejo namental da el derecho legal de negociar Pentágono ni la legitimación del papel de
para conseguir una resolución como Gobernante puede “representar la sober- arreglos con otros gobiernos y con corpo- la ONU en Irak.
condición para obtener tropas y dinero de anía” de Irak mientras Bremer y compañía raciones extranjeras. Ahora mismo toda la Esta posición ha sido forzada a retro-
otros países. Sus rivales han buscado usar tienen la autoridad total de gobernación. autoridad está en manos de los Estados ceder, por lo menos por el momento, con
la ONU como una cuña para entrar en Irak La resolución, de tal manera, es muy con- Unidos. Una vez que un llamado “régi- la elevación de la Consejera de Seguridad
y romper el dominio estadounidense en la tradictoria. Es una cubierta fraudulenta men” sea declarado en Irak, los otros Nacional, Condoleezza Rice, el
ocupación. Con este fin exigieron una res- para la ocupación estadounidense. Al final imperialistas podrán negociar con el gob- Departamento de Estado, la CIA y el
ierno. Departamento del Tesoro al papel de
La soberanía, en su sentido legal, no supervisión de la ocupación, bajo el nom-
Estas Invitado(a) a Participar en una tiene nada absolutamente que ver con la bre de Grupo de la Estabilización de Irak.
CONFERENCIA NACIONAL ESPECIAL soberanía en su sentido político de un gob- La oposición a la administración de
ierno capaz de determinar sus propios Bush fue mostrada en un editorial de Los
¿Como se Puede
asuntos, o en el sentido de la indepen- Angeles Times del 10 de octubre con el tit-
dencia nacional o de la autodetermi- ulo: “Sordos sobre Irak:” “Las tropas esta-
nación. Cualquier régimen iraquí creado dounidenses han aprendido que los
Revivir la Lucha
bajo las botas del imperialismo, ya sea por iraquíes saludan un ejército foráneo de
el “unilateralista” gobierno esta- ocupación con granadas lanzadas por
dounidense o el grupo “multilateralista” cohetes, no con flores. Y esto fue antes del
bajo la bandera de la ONU, incluyendo a último golpe: la propuesta adición de
los ladrones empresarios franceses, ale- hasta 10.000 soldados del ex patrón colo-
manes y rusos, estaría completamente nial, Turquía. ...
dependiente financiera, económica, mili- “Los EE.UU. deben cambiar de una
tar y políticamente de las grandes poten- política de beligerancia militar, hacién-
Mundial? cias. La legalidad es sólo una pequeña
cubierta que esconde algo mucho más
dolo todo solo y dando sermones a sus ali-
Continua a pagina 16
Paneles de Discusión•Talleres
SABADO Y DOMINGO
DICIEMBRE 6-7 9a.m.
$2 por 8 semanas de prueba $25 por un año
Martin Luther King Jr. Auditorium
Nueva York Amsterdam Avenue & W 65th Street Nombre______________________________________________Telephono ____________________
Patrocinado por Dirección__________________________________________________________________________
EL PARTIDO MUNDO OBRERO
Ciudad / Estado / Código Postal ______________________________________________________
Para más información,Llame 212-627-2994 San Francisco: 415-826-4828
o visite www.workers.org WW Publishers, 55 W. 17 St., NY, NY 10011