PSY2012 EXAM 1 10 AM FALL 2010 STUDENT VERSION by lt56JX

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									                           Miami Dade College – North Campus
                                 PSY 2012 – FALL 2010
                                       Exam # 1
                                 Dr. Mayté Insua-Auais

Directions: Read each question carefully. Select the best answer and bubble in your
answer on your Scantron sheet. This exam is due on Friday, September 24, 2010 at
10:00 AM. Good Luck!

CHAPTER 1

   1. Which of the following techniques or instruments generates color-coded
      images of the brain's activity by tracking a small amount of radioactively
      tagged glucose that is injected into the person's bloodstream?
      A) transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
      B) electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
      C) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
      D) positron emission tomography (PET)

   2. A health psychologist is conducting an experiment to investigate the notion
      that short-term psychological distress influences the immune system.
      Subjects in the first group watched a 30-minute film in which a carpenter
      and his assistant demonstrated how to build a deck for a house. Subjects in
      the second group watched an almost identical film, except that during last
      few minutes of the film, the carpenter slipped while operating an electric
      hand saw and cut off one of his assistant's fingers. Immediately after the
      film, blood samples were drawn from each subject and assessed for the
      number of disease-fighting white blood cells. What is the independent
      variable in this experiment?
      A) the number of mistakes made by subjects in recalling details of the film
      B) if the research participants had seen either the carpenter or the
          carpenter's assistant on television before
      C) the number of white blood cells found in the blood sample
      D) exposure to the neutral film or to the film showing the accident

   3. The first African American to receive a Ph.D. in psychology in the United
      States was:
      A) Francis C. Sumner.
      B) Abraham Maslow.
      C) G. Stanley Hall.
      D) Margaret Floy Washburn.

   4. In an experiment, the independent variable is the variable that is:
      A) affected by changes in the dependent variable.
      B) unknown.
      C) beyond the researcher's control, as it independently varies or changes
          over time.
      D) deliberately manipulated by the researcher.




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 5. What is social loafing?
    A) It is the tendency to reduce normal grooming behavior, which is often
       seen among captive animals, especially primates.
    B) It is a scientist's tendency to reduce productive behavior after receiving
       an award or recognition.
    C) It is the term used to refer to the typical group behavior of college
       students during spring break.
    D) It is the tendency to exert more effort on a task when working alone
       than when working as part of a group.

 6. Your therapist is very interested in your dreams, blocked memories, and
    slips of the tongue. On which approach to psychology is your therapist
    probably basing his psychotherapy?
    A) structuralism
    B) psychoanalysis
    C) behaviorism
    D) functionalism

 7. “Changes in the Brain with Age” would most likely be a journal article
    written by a psychologist who subscribes to the _____ perspective of
    psychology.
    A) biological
    B) psychodynamic
    C) behavioral
    D) cognitive

 8. An operational definition is:
    A) a research design in which the participants act or operate as their own
       control group.
    B) a precise description of how each variable in a particular study will be
       manipulated or measured.
    C) one that has been approved by the American Psychological Association.
    D) a statistical method used in psychological research to correct for bias
       that may be operating in the experimental situation.

 9. Placebo or expectancy effects
    A) a change in a subject's behavior that is produced by the subject's beliefs
        and expectations rather than the actual drug, treatment, or procedure.
    B) the researcher's confidence in his or her findings.
    C) the instructions that are given to the research subjects before the
        experiment begins.
    D) the results that the researcher expects to discover.

10. As a subject in an experiment, you are told to look at a coffee mug carefully
    and then report all of your sensations and feelings about the coffee mug
    after viewing it. What psychological technique have you been told to use?
    A) psychoanalysis
    B) introspection
    C) interactive dualism
    D) natural selection


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 11. Joanna has suffered a series of personal setbacks, including the death of a
     family member, academic problems in college, and a divorce. She feels so
     sad, upset, and lonely that she is contemplating suicide. Joanna could
     probably best be helped by a(n) _____ psychologist.
     A) experimental
     B) clinical
     C) industrial/organizational
     D) educational

 12. _____ is to structuralism as _____ is to functionalism.
     A) Wilhelm Wundt; Edward Titchener
     B) William James; Mary Whiton Calkins
     C) Edward Titchener; William James
     D) Mary Whiton Calkins; Wilhelm Wundt

CHAPTER 2

 13. Another word for epinephrine is:
     A) adrenaline.
     B) progesterone.
     C) glutamate.
     D) testosterone.

 14. What is the result of sodium ions moving across the axon's membrane
     during an action potential?
     A) The inside of the axon changes to a negative electrical charge.
     B) The outside of the axon changes to a positive electrical charge.
     C) The inside of the axon changes to a positive electrical charge.
     D) The nodes of Ranvier close.

 15. Of the following brain structures, which is associated with the emotional
     responses of fear, disgust, and anger?
     A) the hypothalamus
     B) the amygdala
     C) the thalamus
     D) Broca's area

 16. Parkinson's disease often involves the degeneration of neurons that produce
     _____, which are located in a brain area called the _____.
     A) serotonin; somatosensory cortex
     B) dopamine; substantia nigra
     C) acetylcholine; thalamus
     D) norepinephrine; pons

 17. Broca's area is located on the _____, whereas Wernicke's area is located on
     the _____.
     A) right frontal lobe; left frontal lobe
     B) left temporal lobe; right temporal lobe
     C) left frontal lobe; left temporal lobe
     D) right temporal lobe; right frontal lobe


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18. When brain damage causes the loss of the ability to speak, write, or
    understand spoken or written language, it is a condition called:
    A) aphasia.
    B) Parkinson's disease
    C) epilepsy.
    D) neurogenesis.

19. Like other people afflicted with _____, actor Michael J. Fox takes a
    medication that increases _____ levels to help control symptoms of the
    disease.
    A) Alzheimer's disease; GABA
    B) depression; serotonin
    C) obsessive-compulsive disorder; GABA
    D) Parkinson's disease; dopamine

20. In females, the gonads are the _____, which secrete _____.
    A) ovaries; testosterone
    B) testes; testosterone
    C) ovaries; estrogen and progesterone
    D) testes; estrogen and progesterone

21. Phrenology refers to:
    A) the study of brain/endocrine system interactions.
    B) a pseudoscience that related personality characteristics to bumps on the
       skull.
    C) the historical method of drilling holes in the skull as a treatment for
       brain disease and mental illness.
    D) the scientific study of “phrens” or “phrenetics”.

22. Multiple sclerosis is a disease that involves:
    A) the degeneration of the myelin sheath, slowing or interrupting the
       transmission of neural messages.
    B) an abnormal increase in the thickness of the myelin sheath, blocking the
       release of neurotransmitters.
    C) multiple fractures in the sclerotic membrane, which causes the neuron's
       cell body to collapse and die.
    D) dendrites becoming brittle and breaking.

23. Which of the following represents the sequence of ion movements that
    causes an action potential?
    A) Sodium ions move into the axon and then potassium ions move out of
       the axon.
    B) Sodium ions move out of the axon and then potassium ions move into
       the dendrite.
    C) Potassium ions move out of the dendrite and then sodium ions move
       into the axon.
    D) Sodium ions move out of the axon and then potassium ions move into
       the axon.




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 24. As you go to sleep at night, you realize that you can hear your roommate's
     wristwatch ticking. Out of curiosity, you keep a record of when you hear the
     watch ticking and find out that you can hear it about half the time. Your
     ability to hear your roommate's wristwatch about half the time is an
     example of:
     A) a difference threshold.
     B) an absolute threshold.
     C) Weber's law.
     D) sensory adaptation.

CHAPTER 3

 25. The moon illusion refers to the observation that:
     A) when a crescent-shaped object is viewed from one side, it casts a
        dramatically different image on the retina than when it is viewed from
        the opposite side.
     B) over a period of four weeks, the moon appears to dramatically change
        its shape and size.
     C) the full moon looks much larger on the horizon than it does when it is in
        the sky directly above you.
     D) craters on the moon create the appearance of a human face on the
        moon.

 26. The sensory receptor cells for vision are sensitive to what kind of stimulus?
     A) Light
     B) Heat
     C) airborne molecules
     D) Chemical

 27. The Gestalt psychologists:
     A) demonstrated that paranormal phenomena could be scientifically
        studied.
     B) believed that all psychological phenomena could be analyzed in terms of
        simple units of behavior.
     C) followed the structuralists in their emphasis on unconscious experience.
     D) emphasized that we perceive whole figures rather than isolated bits of
        information.

 28. The olfactory neurons in your nose are unique in that they:
     A) do not demonstrate sensory adaptation to persistent stimuli.
     B) respond to multiple stimuli, including light waves and sound waves.
     C) regenerate approximately once every twelve months.
     D) extend directly into your brain.

 29. The primary function of the outer ear is to:
     A) collect sound waves and funnel them into the ear canal.
     B) protect the delicate inner structures of the ear from loud sounds.
     C) provide a convenient place for wearing earrings.
     D) transfer sounds to the cochlear membrane.



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 30. As you walk into a brightly lit room, the black structure in the center of your
     eye seems to shrink to a tiny black dot. This response is caused by the
     action of the eye structure called the:
     A) cornea.
     B) lens.
     C) iris.
     D) retina.

 31. How do glasses correct visual problems?
     A) Glasses correct vision by amplifying the frequencies of incoming light
        waves, which magnifies and enlarges the image that falls on the retina.
     B) Glasses correct vision by intercepting and bending incoming light waves
        so that they are focused properly on the retina.
     C) Looking through the corrective lenses exercises the muscles of the eye,
        aligning the eye structures properly.
     D) The corrective lenses diffuse the incoming light, which causes the pupil
        to widen and let in more light waves, enhancing visual acuity.

 32. Introspection:
     A) is a hypnotic technique used to enhance memory for details that were
         only briefly seen or heard.
     B) is a technique used to measure the strength of individual circadian
         rhythms.
     C) is an autogenic technique used to treat sleep disorders.
     D) was a verbal self-report method used by the first psychologists to study
         the “structure” of conscious experiences.

CHAPTER 4

 33. A hypnotist instructed Hermione that when she came out of hypnosis, she
     would be unable to spell her own name. This is an example of:
     A) a posthypnotic suggestion.
     B) age regression.
     C) hypermnesia.
     D) a pseudomemory.

 34. Tim suffers from overwhelming bouts of excessive daytime sleepiness and
     brief uncontrollable episodes of sleep, called microsleeps or sleep attacks.
     Tim has:
     A) insomnia.
     B) obstructive sleep apnea.
     C) sexsomnia.
     D) narcolepsy.

 35. A parasomnia called sleep terrors typically occurs during:
     A) stage 3 or 4 NREM sleep and lasts only a few seconds.
     B) REM sleep and lasts for many minutes.
     C) Stage 1 and 2 NREM sleep and lasts only a few seconds.
     D) REM sleep and lasts for an hour or more.



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36. PCP and ketamine are both classified as:
    A) dissociative anesthetics.
    B) opiates.
    C) barbiturates.
    D) stimulants.

37. The sleep disorder that is characterized by the person moving about and
    acting out his dreams is called:
    A) REM sleep behavior disorder.
    B) somnambulism.
    C) cataplexy.
    D) narcolepsy.

38. Tremaine complains about the quality or duration of his sleep, that he has
    difficulty going to sleep and staying asleep, and that he frequently wakes
    before it is time to get up. Tremaine has:
    A) cataplexy.
    B) REM sleep behavior disorder.
    C) insomnia.
    D) obstructive sleep apnea.

39. Freud believed that dream images of sticks, swords, and other elongated
    objects were representations of _____, and that dream images of
    cupboards, boxes, and ovens symbolized _____.
    A) the penis; the vagina
    B) the vagina; the penis
    C) common household objects; the birth process
    D) apprehension; happiness

40. The term _____ is used to describe the condition in which a person has
    adapted to a drug and must continue to take it regularly in order to avoid
    withdrawal symptoms.
    A) dissociation
    B) rebound syndrome
    C) physical dependence
    D) drug abuse




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