Long Beach Summer Night Lights 2011 Report

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Long Beach Summer Night Lights 2011 Report Powered By Docstoc
					        Long Beach Building Healthy
         Communities Collaborative




2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach
           A Case Study




                      March 2011




                   Written and Published by
 Carey & Associates and ReThinking Greater Long Beach in
Collaboration with Centro Community Hispanic Assocation, Inc.
2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




                                    TABLE OF CONTENTS



CASE STUDY SECTION

Acknowledgements                                        4

History and Introduction of Summer Night Lights         5-8

Data Gathering Methods                                  8-9

Successes and Highlights of the Projects                10

Challenges of the Project                               11

Conculsions and Recommendations for Future Projects     12-14



                                           APPENDIX

Building Healthy Communities 4 Big Results              A-1

Building Healthy Communities Ten Outcomes               A-2

Project Map/Boundries                                   A-3

SNL Activities and Subcontractors                       A-4

Kick-Off Event Press Release                            A-5

Media Coverage                                          A-6

Interview Questions                                     A-7

Drake Park Report                                       A-8

Demographic Profile and Statistical Information         A-9




                                             •2•
                                                2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




April 11, 2011

On behalf of the entire 2010 Summer Night Lights collaborative, I would like to express my gratitude to
everyone who took part in making The California Endowment-funded Long Beach Summer Night Lights
project possible. The California Endowment is a private, statewide health foundation that was created in 1996
as a result of Blue Cross of California’s creation of WellPoint Health Networks, a for-profit corporation. This
conversion set the groundwork for their mission:

The California Endowment’s mission is to expand access to affordable, quality health care for underserved
individuals and communities, and to promote fundamental improvements in the health status of all Californians.

 In 2010, The California Endowment embarked on a new, 10-year strategic direction: Building Healthy
Communities with the goal being to support the development of communities where kids and youth are healthy,
safe, and ready to learn. In the same year, The Endowment identified the communities to make financial
investments and Long Beach rose to the top – specifically Central Long Beach.

As part of this long-term investment strategy, The Endowment funded the 2010 Summer Night Lights project
– addressing youth violence prevention in key neighborhoods in Long Beach where youth violence is most
prevalent – two sites in the central area of the City and one site on the west end of the City. As this case study
presents, all three sites rose to The Endowment’s challenge and provided services to hundreds of youth during
the key summer months when youth are seeking activities and positive environments from which to learn,
grow, and have fun. Within the Building Healthy Communities initiative, this project addressed two of the ten
outcomes – outcomes five and six focusing on helping families remain safe from violence in their homes and
neighborhoods, as well as live in communities that support healthy youth development.

During a partnership meeting convened in November 2010, key stakeholders shared their one-word definitions
of the Summer Night Lights project: worthwhile, community, effective, unique, healing, efficient, exciting,
investment, cross-generational, cross-cultural, innovative, and youth-focused. All of these together created
a youth violence prevention program that set the standard for years to come – all focused on growing our
communities, providing strong foundational opportunities for our youth, and enhancing the quality of life for all
residents in our beautiful city. Thank you to everyone who helped to make this happen.



Sincerely,



Jessica Quintana
Executive Director, Centro Community Hispanic Association, Inc.




                                                       •3•
2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




ACKNOwLEDGEMENTS

We would like to thank the following people and agencies for allowing us to interview them for this case study,
their cooperation, their time, and their thoughtful insight into the 2010 Summer Night Lights project:

   •	 City of Long Beach, Mayor Bob Foster

   •	 City of Long Beach, Councilmember James Johnson

   •	 City of Long Beach, Councilmember Dee Andrews

   •	 City of Long Beach, Department of Parks, Recreation and Marine

   •	 City of Long Beach, Department of Health and Human Services, Weed and Seed Program

   •	 Community Planning Council

   •	 Faith-Based Agencies

           o   Kingdom Causes

           o   Victory Outreach

           o   Treasure Box

   •	 Helpline Youth Counseling

   •	 Partners of Parks

   •	 California Conference for Equality and Justice

   •	 St. Mary Medical Center, Men with Meaningful Messages Program

   •	 Westside Neighborhood Association

   •	 Necho’s Restaurant

   •	 Long Beach Shakespeare Company

   •	 City of Long Beach, Police Department

   •	 Boys and Girls Clubs of Long Beach

Without the cooperation of the organizations and people above, in addition to the agencies and individuals who
participated directly with the project, this case study, nor project, would be possible. A special thank you to The
California Endowment for funding the project and believing in the youth of Long Beach.




                                                       •4•
                                                     2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




                   Today in Long Beach, an estimated 13
                  children will be arrested or ticketed for
              breaking the law. That's about 93 a week, 399 a
             month and an astonishing 4,858 a year. They'll be
          detained for riding their skateboards without helmets,
             vandalizing fences, ghting in public, spitting on
         sidewalks and strong-arm robbery. They'll be stopped in
           schools, in parks and on street corners. Nearly half of
            them will be handcu ed, booked and sent to Long
           Beach Juvenile Court - where their misdeeds will get
             them case numbers that may follow them for the
             rest of their childhoods. For some, today's arrest
                 will be their rst taste of criminal life. For
                   others, it will be their second or third,
                            their 10th, their 15th.




                                                     Press Telegram, Special Report on Kids and Crime in Long Beach, May 2008

HISTORY, BACKGROUND, AND INTRODUCTION OF SUMMER NIGHT LIGHTS IN LONG BEACH

In the spring of 2010, The California Endowment (TCE), through their Building Healthy Communities
initiative, invested $300,000 in the Long Beach Summer Night Lights (SNL) project. This project, based upon
other models of summer programming, was created to implement a gang violence prevention and youth
development project to weave together promising practices in areas that historically face high-crime, have low
educational rates, and have high rates of juvenile incarceration. Over the course of a nine-month planning
process, key stakeholders in the City were tasked by TCE to look at the Ten Outcomes (please see Appendix)
and prioritize them according to the needs of local communities that fall within the boundaries of the project
– mainly Central Long Beach and a portion of West Long Beach. Violence prevention rose to the top of the
prioritized list. After thorough research and analysis of project opportunities directly related to TCE’s desired
outcomes, the Collaborative decided to request that TCE consider funding a demonstration project – SNL at
three identified sites – two in Central Long Beach and the other in West Long Beach. TCE agreed to provide
funding for SNL in 2010 as part of their overall Building Healthy Communities initiative and investment in Long
Beach.

The Long Beach SNL project was funded through Partners of Parks, a nonprofit organization associated with
the City of Long Beach, Department of Parks, Recreation and Marine. Acting in the capacity of fiscal sponsor
for the project, Partners of Parks received a grant of $300,000 to support three project sites: 1) Westside Boys
and Girls Club, 2) Martin Luther King, Jr. Park / Boys and Girls Club, and 3) Drake Park. The BHC Steering
Committee acted on consensus to identify Partners of Parks as the fiscal sponsor for this project. With future
sustainability in mind and an approach that put the park system in the driver’s seat, the model incorporated
social services with recreation and sports to build further community collaboration amongst City agencies and
Long Beach organizations.
                                                              •5•
 2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




As a result of TCE earmarking funds for the project, a procurement process was established and the site
providers were identified – Community Planning Council for Drake Park and the Boys and Girls Clubs of Long
Beach for the remaining two sites (King Park and Westside Club). At each of the three high-crime, high-
poverty locations, a clear plan was in place to provide extended hours of services with youth activities focused
on empowerment, education, and employment, as well as family, culture, and sports-related activities (please
see the Appendix for project activities). As a violence prevention or disruption strategy, these activities were
aimed at curtailing gang recruitment and other gang-related criminal activities in the surrounding park/Club
communities by engaging youth in wholesome and healthy alternatives under the guidance and supervision
of project professionals and volunteers. Thus, rather than a standardized program of operation at each of the
sites, there was diversity of programming based on the types of subcontractors selected for participation while
still maintaining the same focus.

Through this initiative, The Endowment awarded Centro Community Hispanic Association, Inc. (Centro CHA) a
grant to develop this case study of the project’s development, implementation, and outcomes within the scope
of The Endowment’s desired Building Healthy Communities Big 4 Results of reducing youth violence, and
addressing the outcomes in the following chart (please see Appendix):

                                         OUTCOME                                         LONG BEACH
                                                                                          PRIORITY
                                                                                           RANKING
        1. All Children Have Health Coverage
        2. Families Have Improved Access to a Healthy Home that Supports
           Healthy Behaviors
        3. Health and Family-Focused Human Services Shift Resources Toward
           Prevention
        4. Residents Live in Communities with Health-Promoting Land Use,                        1
           Transportation, and Community Development
        5. Children and Their Families are Safe From Violence in Their Homes and            2 and 3
           Neighborhoods
                                                                                           Grouped
        6. Communities Support Healthy Youth Development
                                                                                          to Address
                                                                                        Simultaneously
        7. Neighborhood and School Environments Support Improved Health and
            Healthy Behaviors
        8. Community Health Improvements are Linked to Economic Development                     4
        9. Health Gaps for Boys and Young Men of Color are Narrowed
        10. California has a Shared Vision of Community Health




                                                      •6•
                                               2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




There were several reasons to support the
implementation of the SNL, directly and indirectly. First,
the national economic downturn has had a significant
impact upon Long Beach, similar to communities across
the country. With financial cutbacks hitting governmental
and nonprofit agencies alike, additional resources needed
to be secured in order to provide any services to youth
during the critical summer months. Secondly, the Long Beach
Unified School District, another entity dealing with deep funding
reductions, eliminated summer school in 2010 – putting hundreds, if
not thousands of youth back on the streets when otherwise completing
educational requirements to catch up to their grade-level peers. Not
holding traditional summer school created a new caveat that previously
was not an issue in Long Beach. As an outgrowth of these discussions and those                    surrounding
promising practices in similar communities, key stakeholders identified SNL as something that would directly
address TCE’s desired outcomes and address local community needs in this area.

The same diversity that existed in the types of project activities was present in the experience and emphasis
of each site coordinator. For example, at Drake Park, the site coordinator, a program developer of The
Children’s Clinic, had been engaged with parent groups at the community level and used parent groups and
community people extensively with the recruitment and enrollment of participants. The Boys and Girls Club
site coordinator (who managed both the Westside location as well as the King Park location), also a program
developer, used the apparatus of the membership of the Club to recruit and enroll participants, but both used
methods of flyer distribution and word-of-mouth to make the information available. When a statistical analysis
of the nearest census blocks surrounding each site was compared with the addresses of the participants on file
to see where youth lived in relation to the site, the data revealed that 44% of Drake Park’s participants came
from the immediate area compared to 38% for King and 22% for the Westside Club (please see the attached
Demographic Profile).

ReThinking Greater Long Beach’s analysis of Long Beach Police Department crime data show a downward
trend for violent crimes during the past five years, and their analysis also shows that males between the ages
of 15 and 24 commit the greatest percentage of violent crimes and have a higher propensity for engaging in
gang activities. For the purposes of this case study, however, youth were divided into two groups, 10 to 17 and
18 to 24 (please see tables in the attached Demographic Profile). Beyond that, the police reported that peak
crime happens between the hours of 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. - also the time period of high activity among young
people getting out of school. The first table displays juvenile (10-17 years) and young adult (18-24 years) for
2009 and 2010 for all victims and all arrests and citations for Long Beach and for the three parks. The table
shows both the number of crimes in each year and the rate per 1,000 persons in the population. In Long
Beach as a whole, the numbers of violent crime and the crime rates for both age groups declined from 2009 to
2010, while property crimes increased. The same held true for both age groups for all arrests and citations.




                                                      •7•
When we viewed the same data around the parks, with the exception of Drake Park, there is a decline in
violent crimes for both age groups, the exception being an increase in the number of reported violent crimes
and rate per 1,000 persons in the population for juveniles. Admiral Kidd reflects the same decline as does
Long Beach as a whole. Although there are declines in reported violent crimes among young adults at Drake
Park there is an increase in all reported crimes among juveniles. At Martin Luther King Jr. Park, while there is
a decline in reported assaults and batteries for both groups, there are increases in reported crime for robbery,
burglary, and theft. Among all arrests and citations, there are decreases at all the parks.

When we viewed reported violent crimes for juveniles and young adults during the summer months of 2009
to 2010, there are sharp increases for robbery, burglary, and theft, yet there are declines in all other areas. At
the park sites there are reported increases for only the juvenile groups. At Admiral Kidd there are increases in
robbery, burglary, theft and vandalism, and at Drake there are increases in vandalism. There were declines in
all areas of reported crime at Martin Luther King Jr.

Long Beach’s Summer Night Lights project was in its first year of operation and the organizational systems and
procedures were not in place to adequately capture desired data around the participants, services provided,
and accomplishments. This case study focuses on: 1) the process by which the project was funded, 2) the
roles and responsibilities of staff in the development and implementation of the project, 3) the perceived impact
of project activities, and 4) recommendations for future funding.

DATA GATHERING METHODS

The objectives of this case study are twofold: 1) to conduct an implementation evaluation of the SNL project
that provides feedback and recommendations for future programming, and 2) to provide a case study of the
                      project’s impact as it relates to TCE’s Building Healthy Communities outcomes #5 and
                                 #6. The context for the case study is the extent to which the project activities
                                       have an impact on reducing or disrupting youth violence, providing a
                                            safe environment from violence for children and their families, and
                                                supporting healthy youth development.

                                                   Implementation process data have been collected from
                                                     documents describing the preparation and planning for
                                                       project activity, by interviewing key stakeholders, from
                                                        reviewing and analyzing relevant documents at each
                                                          of the project sites, and from survey data collected at
                                                          the end of the project period. The case study team
                                                           then constructed schedules for interviewing key
                                                           community stakeholders including nonprofit leaders,
                                                           site coordinators, police officers from the Youth Gang
                                                          Services division, as well as a youth participant focus
                                                          group. The intent of these activities was to describe
                                                         how the staff went about planning and preparing for
                                                       the implementation of the project and documenting
                                                     perceptions of the effect that the programming had on the
                                                    participants and the community-at-large.



                                                        •8•
                                              2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




The case study team also made use of secondary data sources gained from the 2000 U.S. Census, the Long
Beach Police Department, the State Department of Education, and the City of Long Beach Department of
Health and Human Services and developed a statistical summary of the areas around each project site. The
analysis of these data presented a descriptive profile of each SNL site and the local environment from which
the participants came. Although not specifically an objective of the case study, the case study team hopes
that the analysis of these data can serve as a baseline for measurement of the results of future funded SNL
projects.



                      At a stakeholder meeting conducted in November 2010, attend-
                      ees were asked to identify words to describe the project. The
                      following were provided in response to this request:



                      •	 Worthwhile

                      •	 Community

                      •	 Effective Method

                      •	 Unique in Long Beach

                      •	 Healing

                      •	 Efficient

                      •	 Planning for the Future

                      •	 Exciting

                      •	 Investment

                      •	 Cross-Generational

                      •	 Cross-Cultural

                      •	 Innovative

                      •	 Youth-Focused




                                                     •9•
 2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




SUCCESSES AND HIGHLIGHTS OF THE SUMMER NIGHT LIGHTS PROjECT

Despite the planning and funding restraints, Long Beach was able to successfully launch and operate the SNL
project, mainly because of strong civic and community support, and because of high quality programming
provided by contracted organizations. It is important to note that all three faith-based organizations, Kingdom
Causes, Victory Outreach, and Treasure Box were all unfunded entities and provided all services in-kind to the
project – for the benefit of the communities served. Elected officials, community leaders, and parents were
active in the development of a video of the opening of the project and attended or sent staff representatives
to celebratory events. The video has served as a promotional tool to inform the general community about the
importance of the project and to summon communitywide support for its continuance. One site coordinator
reported that the project was a success because, “It helped to strengthen the leadership and trust relationship
we have built in the community.” Another felt that, “One of the greatest benefits is that it brought many
nonprofits together who had never worked together before.”

While the SNL site personnel had no orientation or training, Long Beach Police did. Their officers were
selected specifically because they either indicated a desire to work with the community or were perceived as
having the necessary skills. Police officers underwent 16-hours of training on how to approach parents and
kids and how to act in a “non-authoritative role”. All of the officers that were interviewed for this case study felt
that they were well prepared to participate in the project.

Participants were provided with a structure that included rules and codes of conduct that were reinforced by
staff and parents. A wide variety of subcontractors, from faith-based to nonprofit organizations, introduced
entertainment and youth development, leadership and empowerment programs, and presented information
on gaining access to college. One of the unique aspects of the project was the coming-together of community
organizations to work as one to provide services to youth in Long Beach. These organizations were
accustomed to working independently and found that working together produced a greater outcome for youth
participating at all three sites. One Long Beach Poly student who will graduate this year spoke of how he has
gained “early bird” status at Long Beach City College because of his participation in the SNL project at King
Park. Based on information he received in one of the project’s college counseling sessions, he applied and will
receive his first semester’s instruction free of charge as part of the Long Beach College Promise, a coordinated
project of the School District, Community College District, and State University.

Youth and adults who would not normally come in contact with each other did so through the bridges of cultural
activities and events involving different dance instruction (e.g. Polynesian, African, and Spanish). In a focus
group conducted by the case study team, two Cambodian youth reported how they really liked the idea of
being around other ethnicities. Youth felt comfortable engaging in cross-cultural activities – an area that is
largely addressed in Long Beach due to the high population diversity Citywide. Through the SNL project,
it became more acceptable to engage in cross-cultural activities and promoted a positive environment in
historically challenged communities.

Theater, drama classes, and talent shows allowed the participants to develop free expression and engage in
sharing experiences. Sports activities brought the community together as one. The involvement of the police
was critical. They played sports with the youth and built relationships that were outside their traditional roles as
authority figures. The short-term benefit that might yield long-term results is that the project brought together
parents, youth, professionals, subcontractors, and police in a situation that allowed them to build relationships
based on a feeling of community. It should be noted that none of these services would have occurred had it
not been for the funding provided by TCE because there is no night programming in the parks due to funding
limitations.
                                                        •10•
                                                2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




CHALLENGES OF THE PROjECT

The goal of the SNL project was focused on prevention, intervention, and reduction as strategies to implement
and gauge measures of success. From the beginning of the project, idea challenges continued to mount
providing opportunities for growth, development of best practices, and creating opportunities for learning
from lessons. The main focus of the project was on the prevention of youth becoming gang members, the
prevention of youth dropping out of school, and the prevention of high-risk and unhealthy behaviors. In
addition, it was on the reduction of youth entering the juvenile justice system. Each of these prevention and
reduction areas was implemented as overarching intervention strategies.

It was difficult to get an accurate account of exactly how many youth actually participated in the project due
to inconsistencies in enrollment procedures. In some cases, only addresses were available, and in other
cases, partial or incomplete lists of participants were provided. However, from the documents reviewed and
assessed, a total number of 371 youth participated in the project with a break down as follows: 1) Drake = 199,
2) Westside Boys and Girls Club = 79, and 3) King = 93. In discussions with SNL staff, they claimed that many
more participated, but because of a lack of standardized procedures for keeping records, demographic data
were not available.

One, among several reasons for the inaccurate count of participants might be attributed to the lack of adequate
time for planning and preparation. None of the persons interviewed thought that there was sufficient planning
in launching the project for a variety of reasons. Some of these reasons were a lack of funding awareness, a
lack of time to plan effectively, a lack of clear leadership, and a reaction to these issues (and more) of quickly
shifting into action as best possible.

Another reason, and more importantly, there was no lead agency responsible for coordinating activities and
collaborating efforts among the three sites. Consequently, what developed were three separate projects with
minimal interaction among the staffs responsible for project development. Drake
Park basically provided services to the constituents surrounding the park
with whom they had an established relationship through their Civic
Leadership Program, and the Boys and Girls Club provided an
additional component to their existing membership. When
personnel from different sites met, it was to simply discuss
aspects of each individual program and not to learn from
each other or share information that might improve
projects at all sites. This might have also been a reason
why there was so little advance publicity and could
certainly have limited recruitment efforts. Still another
reason could be attributed to a lack of orientation
and training regarding roles, responsibilities, and the
need to collaborate. As a result, the police who were
to provide public safety and interact with staff and
participants were initially seen as intruders and as
being unnecessary for the successful operation of the
SNL project. Other challenges include a lack of overall
pre-training and role clarification. Challenges are fully
outlined in the following section of this case study dealing
with recommendations and future project implementation.

                                                      •11•
2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




                                                        Finally, a challenge that became evident as the project
                                                        implementation progressed was an element of cultural
                                                        fear associated with police presence at each site. There
                                                        was an element of fear among the new immigrant
                                                       population and youth in terms of working side-by-side
                                                      with law enforcement. There is a level of trust building
                                                     that must occur in future programming that creates a
                                                    stronger sense of community engagement, working with
                                                  law enforcement to ensure that trust is built around special
                                                projects such as these, and to show that this collaboration is
                                             in place to help, not hinder or hurt any participant or community
                                           member.



CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE PROjECTS

Because the challenges and lessons learned through the 2010 Long Beach Summer Night Lights project were
significant, it is important to identify key areas of concern for future programming:

   •	 The first of those challenges is that there was no project-wide oversight assigned to any one agency or
      organization among the collaborators. The funding structure allowed for project responsibility but did
      not fund or pinpoint responsibility for outreach, recruitment, or the coordination of efforts. There was a
      lack of coordination and integration of activities that resulted in three separate programs operating at
      the three sites.

   •	 The second challenge is that the shortened time period between notification that the project would
      be funded and the time that the project would begin, precluded the opportunity for a planning and
      orientation process. The result was that there was a lack of clarity about the roles and relationships of
      the collaborators, producing uncertainty and unwarranted competition.

   •	 The third challenge is that the case study process was not included in the initial planning and
      developing project objectives and determining how outcomes would be measured. An evaluation
      process was not clearly identified at the beginning of the project.

These three challenges increased the complexity of a project that was intended to either reduce incidences of
gang violence or dissuade youth from engaging in gang-affiliated behaviors. Subsequently, a comprehensive
case study or evaluation could not be conducted because the project would have already been in operation
before such a design could shape the necessary data gathering to produce a quality product. The emphasis
is on formative feedback to project operation and funding that will improve upon future funded Summer Night
Lights projects to be successfully measured on the basis of both process and outcomes. It is with these
concerns in mind that the following recommendations are made:

•	 Analysis of Site Locations, Supervision, and Schedule: An analysis of 2010 site locations and
   administrative entities should occur prior to any planning or implementation of the project in 2011 if funded.
   It is recommended that discussions occur that evaluate the feasibility of nonprofit site locations vs. park
   locations, as well as staff supervision and the subsequent infrastructure for implementation. In addition,
   it is recommended, based on feedback from key stakeholders, that consideration be given to offering
                                                      •12•
                                                2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




   services on Saturdays as well – creating a six-day per week program vs. the traditional Monday-Friday
   schedule.

•	 Adequate Staffing: Future funding of Summer Night Lights in Long Beach should allow for added staff
   positions to provide oversight, coordination, and outreach at each of the sites. This will ensure that an
   adequate structure is in place to provide the project with the necessary staff resources it needs. A lead
   agency should be identified to oversee and coordinate the entire process. Additionally, there should be
   youth workers integrated into the staffing structure that allows for intervention assistance, involving youth
   as staff, and providing adequate training for specific project purposes.

•	 Early Planning: Planning and orientation sessions involving the roles and responsibilities of each of the
   collaborators should be sorted out prior to the beginning of project activities. This will lay the foundation for
   collaborative relationships to be established and developed during the course of the project.

•	 Fiscal Agency / Fiscal Sponsorship: In reviewing fiscal agent documentation and conducting appropriate
   interviews, it is apparent that a clearer process for functioning as a fiscal agent/sponsor be created. The
   Summer Night Lights leadership is recommended to create a set of policies and procedures around fiscal
   accountability of the project, as well as a distinct and clear system for invoice submission, payments, and
   other related activities. The fiscal agent/sponsor should be responsible for training appropriate staff and
   subcontractors prior to the implementation of any programming. In addition, the fiscal sponsor should be
   responsible for solidifying any and all Memorandums of Understanding, contracts, or other agreements.

•	 Procurement of Subcontractors: It is recommended that a Request for Qualifications / Request for
   Services be created and published to properly vet potential subcontractors for service provision at the
   three sites. This would also beg a coordinated system of overseeing the procurement of these services,
   evaluation of proposals received, and decision-making by a leadership body. In addition, this would affect
   the fiscal agent of funds received to implement the project.

•	 Outreach and Recruitment: Project admissions and recruitment procedures should be standardized
   across all sites to ensure that accurate demographic information about participants can provide an accurate
   count of the number in attendance at project activities and events. This will introduce an element of
   reliability to the attendance and admission figures at each site.

•	 Marketing: Public relations and public information to the media and to the public be an integral part of
   the beginning and the ending of the project period. This will ensure that the public is well aware of the
   project and its objectives to provide a safe environment for youth during the critical summer months. It is
   also critical to ensure that this area is adequately addressed to ensure consistency in messaging about
   the Summer Night Lights project. It is recommended that project leadership create a “brand” for the Long
   Beach Summer Night Lights project to further engrain the project into City activities.

•	 Standardization: Standardization of subcontractors, schedules, and activities should occur at all sites
   identified for project implementation. With a coordinated effort and proper selection criteria, a systematic
   implementation of services can occur which will allow for more efficient implementation and evaluation of
   the overall project. In addition, this will create an added cohesiveness among site coordinators.




                                                       •13•
2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study




•	 Nutrition: It is recommended that the nutritional element of the Summer Night Lights project remain
   in place each night the project is offered. It became evident that through interviews and discussions,
   the ability to provide a meal to all youth in attendance was critical to the project’s success. It is further
   recommended that the food provided to project participants be evaluated for nutritional feasibility and
   subsequent programming be created to further fold in the benefits of healthy eating and food choices.

•	 Evaluation: Evaluation of the project should be included in the scope of work to allow enough time
   for the evaluation team to establish a working relationship with site coordinators, program staff, and
   subcontractors. This will allow the team to develop procedures and techniques for assessing the impact of
   prevention and intervention activities. The focus of the evaluation should be on intervention and prevention
   of involvement in gang activities rather than gang violence reduction because of the limited time during
   which the project operates. This will eliminate the necessity of developing questionable evaluation tools for
   measuring a project’s impact on a societal issue. The measure of success of Summer Night Lights should
   be a comparison of participants’ arrest records and gang involvement with similar cohorts’ arrest records
   and gang involvement, using Long Beach Police Department data. This will provide a more realistic area
   for determining whether the project is serving as the alternative that it purports to be.

•	 Ongoing Communication: It is recommended that as part of future programming, a mechanism for
   ongoing dialogue and communication be created. It was noted that during interviews, it was requested that
   open forums for questions and answers be created, as well as police/youth dialogues become a regular
   part of the overall project schedule. It is recommended that feasibility for these activities be analyzed, and
   that both of these forums/dialogues be offered at least once during future summer programming.

•	 Sustainability: For future project implementation, it is recommended that sustainability of the project
   become the focus of a leadership/steering/oversight body. Funding should be secured from a diverse
   portfolio that includes governmental, private, and corporate partners. If the project is to expand to other
   sites throughout Long Beach, long-term sustainability is a critical component to any project discussion. A
   fund development staff person or consultant should be employed to ensure that this area remains front
   and center to all programming, marketing, and public relations. To secure funding, leadership should
   consider creating and identifying advocacy strategies, dedicated funding sources, and a sustainable project
   infrastructure.

Over the course of a few months and through funding from TCE, Long Beach agencies came together to
provide specific, thoughtful, and meaningful programming to hundreds of youth in high-risk Long Beach
communities. Not only were youth directly served through the SNL project, but also parents, other family
members, community members, and even businesses were indirectly served. A significant impact was made
with this funding, and the Building Healthy Communities initiative set the stage for additional similar outcome
projects over the next ten years.




                                                        •14•
Building Healthy Communities
                                  California Living 2.0

                  4 BIG RESULTS
 The 4 Big Results are the indicators of achievement. They are the means by which The California Endowment
will show that its enterprising, long-term intention to build healthy communities throughout California succeeds.
     To measure progress toward the results, The Endowment established 10 outcomes, which are necessary
                 to insure that California’s children and youth are healthy, safe and ready to learn.

BIG RESULT #1:                                               BIG RESULT #3:
PROVIDE A HEALTH HOME FOR ALL CHILDREN                       INCREASE SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
Outcomes directly related to this Big Result:                Outcomes directly related to this Big Result:
y All children have health coverage. (Outcome 1)             y Families have improved access to a health home
y Families have improved access to a health home                that supports healthy behaviors. (Outcome 2)
   that supports healthy behaviors. (Outcome 2)              y Neighborhood and school environments
y Health and family-focused human services                       support improved health and healthy behaviors.
   shift resources toward prevention. (Outcome 3)
                                                                 (Outcome 7)
Outcomes indirectly related to this Big Result:              y   Health gaps for boys and young men of color
y Neighborhood and school environments                           are narrowed. (Outcome 9)
   support improved health and healthy
                                                             Outcomes indirectly related to this Big Result:
   behaviors. (Outcome 7)
                                                             y Health and family-focused human services
y Health gaps for boys and young men of
                                                                shift resources toward prevention. (Outcome 3)
   color are narrowed. (Outcome 9)
                                                             y Residents live in communities with health-
y California has a shared vision of community
                                                                promoting land-use, transportation and
   health. (Outcome 10)
                                                                community development. (Outcome 4)
                                                             y Communities support healthy youth
                                                                development. (Outcome 6)

BIG RESULT #2:                                               BIG RESULT #4:
REVERSE THE CHILDHOOD OBESITY EPIDEMIC
                                                             REDUCE YOUTH VIOLENCE
Outcomes directly related to this Big Result:
                                                             Outcomes directly related to this Big Result:
y Neighborhood and school environments
                                                             y Children and their families are safe from violence
   support improved health and healthy
                                                                in their homes and neighborhoods. (Outcome 5)
   behaviors. (Outcome 7)
                                                             y Communities support healthy youth development.
y Residents live in communities with health-
                                                                 (Outcome 6)
   promoting land-use, transportation and
                                                             y   Community health improvements are linked
   community development. (Outcome 4)
                                                                 to economic development. (Outcome 8)
y Health and family-focused human services
                                                             y   Health gaps for boys and young men of color are
   shift resources toward prevention. (Outcome 3)                narrowed. (Outcome 9)
Outcomes indirectly related to this Big Result:              y   Neighborhood and school environments support
y Communities support healthy youth development.                 improved health and healthy behaviors. (Outcome 7)
    (Outcome 6)                                               Outcomes indirectly related to this Big Result:
y   Families have improved access to a health                y Health and family-focused human services
    home that supports healthy behaviors. (Outcome 2)            shift resources toward prevention. (Outcome 3)
y   California has a shared vision of community              y California has a shared vision of community
    health. (Outcome 10)                                         health. (Outcome 10)
                                                             y Residents live in communities with health-
                                                                 promoting land-use, transportation and
                                                                 community development. (Outcome 4)

                                                                                                           August 2009
Building Healthy Communities
Ten Outcomes for Community Health




To guide planning and help measure success of Building Healthy Communities, 10 Outcomes have been
identified as the main ingredients of community health:

1. All children have health coverage. 1.5 million children in California are uninsured. Working toward
coverage for all kids will improve health care and lower costs in the future as healthy children become
healthy adults.

2. Families have improved access to a “health home” that supports healthy behaviors. A “health
home” offers a home base for health care where a primary doctor provides culturally appropriate,
consistent care and coordinates with other professionals to meet all of a family’s health needs.

3. Health and family-focused human services shift resources toward prevention. We’re working
toward a health care system that places greater emphasis on preventing illness instead of only responding
in times of medical crisis.

4. Residents live in communities with health-promoting land use, transportation and community
development. Public officials and residents are collaborating to bring needed businesses, like grocery
stores, to underserved neighborhoods, make sure parks are clean and welcoming for all ages, and ensure
that people can safely walk, bike or take public transportation.

5. Children and families are safe from violence in their homes and neighborhoods. Violence
prevention is not just the business of the police department. It’s a public health issue, and it’s preventable.
Youth, parents, faith leaders, law enforcement, and local business are joining forces to create alternatives
to violence along with new opportunities for kids.

6. Communities support healthy youth development. Mobilizing youth as leaders and change agents,
and supporting kids to stay in school, find meaningful work, and connect with caring adults helps the next
generation to thrive.

7. Neighborhood and school environments support improved health and healthy behaviors. Healthy
neighborhoods happen in places that promote good indoor air quality, healthy food choices, physical
activity options, and prevention-focused school health clinics.

8. Community health improvements are linked to economic development. All communities deserve
their fair share of economic resources. New projects should balance economic gains with health and
environmental concerns, and guarantee that local residents reap the benefits of economic development.

9. Health gaps for boys and young men of color are narrowed. Addressing the social, educational and
economic disadvantages faced by boys and young men of color is essential to community health. Success
here means equity in schools, more job opportunities, more alternatives to incarceration and new youth
development approaches tailored to them.

10. California has a shared vision of community health. This goal is about changing social norms. It
requires a shared awareness of all the factors that contribute to health, a focus on prevention and a
movement of people who advocate for health. This new awareness leads to changes in laws, policies and
practices that improve not only the health of individual communities, but all Californians.

                                                                                                        www.calendow.org
                                                                                                                                                                               Central Long Beach




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                                                                                                                                                                                                Map Created by Healthy City 11/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Geographic data from NAVTEQ.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                   MEDIA CONTACT
August 5, 2010                            Jessica Quintana (562) 570-4709/(562) 900-2409
                                     Sandy S. Chiang, California Endowment (213) 928-8727

  Mayor Bob Foster and Community Members Kick Off LB-Summer Night Lights
      Program for Long Beach Youth and Families to Build a Healthy Community
     Part of The California Endowment’s Building Healthy Communities Initiative –
               Long Beach One of 14 Selected Communities in California

LONG BEACH (August 5, 2010) – Today Mayor Bob Foster joined with community leaders to
announce the details of Summer Night Lights 2010.


WHO:          -   Mayor Bob Foster
              -   1st District Councilmember, Robert Garcia
              -   6th District Councilmember, Dee Andrews
              -   Jessica Quintana– Executive director of Centro Cha
              -   Sandy Chiang– The California Endowment
              -   Youth Leaders- Building Healthy Communities
              -   Marqueta Sutton- Director of Program Development, Boys & Girls Club of Long Beach
              -   Alicia Carrera- Parent Leader, Community Partners Council
              -   Ladeen Chan- EM3(Educated Men with Meaningful Messages)-Families in Good Health
              -   Denis McCourt- Co-Artistic Director, Long Beach Shakespeare Company


To emphasize the importance of strong neighborhood relations, local organizers and community
leaders intends to stay true to their commitment towards community wide efforts to build youth
developmental assets for youth and families for violence prevention. Several Long Beach-based
nonprofits have all come together to actively engage youth in ways that build and support positive
youth development programs through a nine week program for youth, as well as their families in
three recreational locations, which are all located within the California Endowment Building Healthy
Communities Long Beach Central Area Map Violence Reduction and Youth Development Zones.

The California Endowment, Building Healthy Communities Youth Development Committee (BHC-
YD), the City’s Department of Parks, Recreation & Marine, the Long Beach Police Department-
Youth Services Division (LBPD), Long Beach Health Department, Weed and Seed Program , the
Boys & Girls Clubs of Long Beach, Community Partners Council, Centro Community Hispanic
Association Inc., Ministers Alliance- Long Beach, Victory Outreach, California Conference for
Equality and Justice (CCEJ), Khmer Girls in Action, Kingdom Causes, Treasure Box, Long Beach
Shakespeare Co., Pacific Gateway Workforce Investment Network, Long Beach Arts Council, West
Long Beach Neighborhood Association, 100 Black Men, Downtown Associates Youth Services,
Nechos Restaurant, State of Art Project, Urban Communities Outreach, Boys Scouts of America,
Antioch Church, Un Mundo de Amigos, Helpline Youth Counseling, St Mary’s Medical Center-EM3
(Educated Men with Meaningful Messages), Queens Historical Society-LB West Facility Center, The
Children’s Clinic, Operation Jump Start and United Cambodian Community (UCC) are among the
organizations that have united for this important cause. Community residents, as well as
community and faith-based organizations, youth and business leaders all will be in collaboration
with government officials to implement the Summer Night Lights program in Long Beach.

The Long Beach BHC- Youth Committee and concerned community leaders held numerous meeting
to develop a strategy to address youth violence issues during the summer, the leaders adopted
Summer Night Lights as a local strategy towards the Ten Outcomes under The California
Endowment Building Health Communities Outcome Five: Children & Families are Safe from
Violence in Their Homes and Neighborhoods and Outcome Six: Communities support Healthy Youth
Development, supports a strength-based asset building approach to reduce criminal activities for
the youth and families residing in communities plagued by chronically high school drop-out rates,
pervasive violence and substance abuse, inadequate preparation for the job market, limited
opportunities for physical activity and easy access to unhealthy foods.

Research studies have shown that youth are much more likely to commit violent crimes in summer
months due to the longer days, as well as a lack of boredom and restlessness from not being in
school. In addition research studies show that youth usually commit crimes between the hours of
6 p.m. to midnight.

2010 LB-Summer Night Lights, which will operate from July 12 to September 3, provides job
opportunities and organized activities for at risk youth, including expanded programming, after-
school activities, athletic leagues, arts & culture initiatives, parent empowerment workshops, fun
family night activities, health screenings and neighborhood improvement projects for youth and
parents living in Long Beach’s most crime-ridden communities.


About 2010 LB-Summer Night Lights

2010 LB-Summer Night Lights will be running from July 12 thru September 3, 2010.

The program's hours are Monday – Friday from 6:00 p.m. – 9:00 p.m.

   1. Martin Luther King Jr. Park- Petrolane Boys & Girls Club
      1920 Lemon Avenue
      Long Beach, CA 90806
      (562) 599-2916

   2. Drake Park
      951 Maine Avenue
      Long Beach, CA 90813
      (562) 570-4405

   3. Boys and Girls Club- West Side
      1835 West Willard Avenue
      Long Beach 90810
      (562) 435-1621
About Building Healthy Communities

The California Endowment has dedicated almost all of its grant-making over the next 10 years,
starting with $100 million this year, to the Building Healthy Communities Initiative. Some of the
grants will directly assist the communities with the implementation of their approved action plans,
while the rest of the support will provide technical assistance to the communities and their
participating organizations, research, evaluation, and policy support.

The Building Healthy Communities Initiative is the result of years of work by The California
Endowment and its grantees that determined:

      If unhealthy places can make people sick, then healthy places can contribute to their health.
      The people who live and work in a neighborhood know what's wrong, know what needs to
       be fixed and, if given training and support, can take action to fix what needs to be fixed.
      Sick people cost more money to treat than healthy people.

The results could be remarkable:

      Easy access to large supermarkets is associated with lower obesity prevalence and
       adolescent body mass index (BMI) in adolescents.
      If neighborhoods have five parks or other places to play, kid’s odds of being obese decrease
       25 percent and their odds of getting the recommended amount of physical activity increase
       20 percent.
      According to the Trust for America's Health, an investment of just $10 dollars per person
       per year to increase physical activity, improve nutrition and prevent tobacco use could,
       within 5 years, save California $1.7 billion and the entire nation more than $16 billion
       annually.

The initiative targets urban, suburban and rural communities across California. Long Beach is one
of 14 communities in California selected by The California Endowment for the Building Healthy
Communities Initiative.

                                                ###
                                                                           http://www.presstelegram.com/fdcp?unique=1301618919474




                                                                 Eleven-year-old Isabelle Valencia showed off
         Summer Night Lights                                     her dancing skills at a talent show Friday
         program helps keep                                      night at the West Side Boys and Girls Club.
                                                                 She said without the dance classes, she
         Long Beach kids safe                                    wouldn't have much to do during summer.

                                                                 "Honestly, I wouldn't be doing anything, I'd
         By Alexandra Baird, Staff Writer
                                                                 just be out there," she said. "This gives kids
         Posted: 08/28/2010 08:47:44 PM PDT                      stuff to do so they won't do bad stuff, and it
                                                                 keeps them busy."

                                                                 At the talent show, kids danced, cheered and
                                                                 sang for their peers and parents, who dined
                                                                 on fajitas served by Mecho's, a restaurant on
                                                                 Santa Fe Avenue and Burnett Street.

                                                                 Martin Luther King Jr. Park and Drake Park
                                                                 also host the events, scheduled every
                                                                 weeknight from 6 to 9 p.m. from July 12
                                                                 through Sept. 3. This is the program's first
                                                                 year.
         08/27/10: Ashley Hood, 6, watches as her group
         ACE's perform a cheerleading act at the second annual   The California Endowment, the Long Beach
         Boys and Girls Clubs of Long Beach Freeman E.           Police Department and numerous local
         Fairfield/Westside Center presentation of Westside's
         Got Talent on Friday, August 27, 2010. (Diandra         churches and charities have partnered to
         Jay/Press-Telegram)                                     present the Summer Night Lights program.
                                                                 Centro CHA, the Long Beach Community
                                                                 Hispanic Association,
         Photo Gallery
                                                                 advertisement
         LONG BEACH -- Kids in three city
         neighborhoods danced, jumped and laughed
         their way to a safe summer.

         In lieu of playing in the streets or getting
         into trouble, kids have taken college-prep,
         computer, basketball, soccer, dance and
         theater classes as part of Summer Night
         Lights. Modeled after a Los Angeles initiative
         aimed at reducing gang violence, the
         program keeps activities going late at three
         parks in high-risk areas.




1 of 3                                                                                                            3/31/11 5:50 PM
                                                                     http://www.presstelegram.com/fdcp?unique=1301618919474




         orchestrates the events.                          alexandra.baird@presstelegram.com, 562-
                                                           499-1283 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting
         "We've had success in providing meaningful        562-499-1283
         places for youth and parents to go to during      end_of_the_skype_highlighting
         the summertime," said Jessica Quintana,
         executive director of Centro CHA. "Getting
         families to come out and feel safe in their
         neighborhoods is the best practice for
         reducing violence."

         When the Summer Night Lights program
         started in Los Angeles in 2008, gang crime
         fell in the 12 participating neighborhoods,
         according to Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa's
         website.

         Although it is too soon to measure the
         effectiveness of the Long Beach program,
         Quintana said each site has hosted
         thousands of families.

         "I strongly believe we save lives when they're
         here doing positive activities all day and into
         the night," said Jaime Gallardo, branch
         director for the West Side Boys and Girls
         Club.

         Summer's longer days and boredom from
         not being in school lead to increased violent
                                                           advertisement
         crimes committed by youths, according to
         organizers.

         President of the West Long Beach
         Association John Taeleifi said the goal is not
         just to keep kids occupied, but to expose
         them to different cultures to prevent
         hostility as they grow older.

         "This has been really exciting because it's
         allowed children to see each other's ways of
         life and appreciate each other's cultures," he
         said. "This has been tremendously positive."




2 of 3                                                                                                      3/31/11 5:50 PM
                     2010 LONG BEACH SUMMER NIGHT LIGHTS
                        ACTIVITIES AND SUBCONTRACTORS

               MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. PARK / BOYS AND GIRLS CLUB
 Teen Pregnancy Prevention for Males and             Families in Good Health
          Leadership Development
             Youth Counseling                       Helpline Youth Counseling
           Youth Crime Reduction          City of Long Beach, Department of Health and
                                           Human Services, Weed and Seed Program
      Literacy and Theater Education           Long Beach Shakespeare Company
               Art Education                         Long Beach Arts Council

                           WESTSIDE BOYS AND GIRLS CLUB
         Music and Art Appreciation        West Long Beach Neighborhood Association
      Youth Leadership Development        California Conference for Equality and Justice
      Literacy and Theater Education           Long Beach Shakespeare Company
 High School Graduation Support and Post-             Operation Jump Start
     Secondary Education Awareness

                                        DRAKE PARK
       Literacy and Theater Education             Long Beach Shakespeare Company
Youth Empowerment Through Storytelling and           Urban Community Outreach
                 Photography
Youth Exercise and Healthy Lifestyle Classes             Jubilee Consortium
      Parent Leadership Development                  Community Planning Council
           Cultural Dance Classes                          Danza Azteca
         2010 SUMMER NIGHT LIGHTS SAMPLE INTERVIEW QUESTIONS


FOR SITE COORDINATORS
• Please provide a brief overview of the program you oversaw at your site.
• How many youth participated in the project?
• How did you conduct outreach and recruitment for the project? Of these methods,
  which way do you feel worked best?
• How did you track attendance and participation?
• How did services you provided through the project differ from those provided prior?
• What events and project components were offered to youth?
• Do you feel that the Summer Night Lights project was beneficial? Why or why not?
• How do you feel the local community responded to the project?
• What sense do you have about how the participating youth felt towards the project?
• What sense do you have about how parents or guardians felt about the project?
• How can the project be improved in the future?
• What resources are needed for implementation in the future? These resources can
  be tangible, intangible, and even financial.
• Which key stakeholders participated with your project? What were their roles?
• Were there any negative incidents that occurred during the project? If so, please
  briefly explain the incident, how it was resolved, and your ideas on how we can
  avoid a similar situation in the future.
         2010 SUMMER NIGHT LIGHTS SAMPLE INTERVIEW QUESTIONS


FOR ELECTED OFFICIALS
• Do you feel that the Summer Night Lights project was beneficial? Why or why not?
• Please identify one strength of the project.
• Please identify one weakness of the project.
• How do you feel the local community responded to the project?
• What sense do you have about how the participating youth felt towards the project?
• What sense do you have about how parents or guardians and local businesses felt
  about the project?
• How can the project be improved in the future?
• What resources are needed for implementation in the future? These resources can
  be tangible, intangible, and even financial.
• Were there any negative incidents that occurred during the project? If so, please
  briefly explain the incident, how it was resolved, and your ideas on how we can
  avoid a similar situation in the future.
         2010 SUMMER NIGHT LIGHTS SAMPLE INTERVIEW QUESTIONS

FOR YOUTH FOCUS GROUP
• Tell us a little about yourself – age, school, grade, and site of participation.
• What attracted you to participate in the SNL program at ______?
• What activities did you engage in while at _______?
• If you could choose two aspects of the SNL program, what were your two favorite
    parts?
• What is one area you think could be improved?
• Will you participate in the program again if offered this coming summer?
• What would you like to see added to the program if offered this coming summer?
• If you were to try and get a friend to join you that didn't participate, what would you
    say to him/her to convince him/her to come to _________?
• How did your parents/guardians feel about your participation?
• Is there anything else you'd like to share with us about the project?
                                     Demographic	
  Profile	
  Area	
  Around	
  	
  
                                   the	
  Three	
  Summer	
  Night	
  Lights	
  Parks	
  


Contents	
  
       2000  U.S.  Census  ..............................................................................................................................  3  
            Ethnic  Distribution  .......................................................................................................................  3  
            Age  Distribution  ...........................................................................................................................  4  
            Families  ........................................................................................................................................  5  
                            ............................................................................................................................  6  
            Adult  Education  
            Immigration  and  Language  Fluency  .............................................................................................  6  
            Income  and  Poverty  .....................................................................................................................  7  
            Housing  ........................................................................................................................................  8  
       Education  Around  the  Parks  ..........................................................................................................  11  
            Ethnic  Distribution  .....................................................................................................................  11  
            Language  Fluency  .......................................................................................................................  12  
            Socio-­‐Economic  Disadvantaged  .................................................................................................  13  
            Academic  Performance  ..............................................................................................................  13  
            Summary  ....................................................................................................................................  14  
       Public  Safety  ...................................................................................................................................  15  
            Reported  Criminal  Incidents  ......................................................................................................  15  
            Reported  Criminal  Victims  .........................................................................................................  16  
            Arrests  and  Citations  ..................................................................................................................  17  
            Summary  ....................................................................................................................................  18  
       Conclusion  ......................................................................................................................................  18  
       Statistical  Appendix  
         




                                                                                    1  
         
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   	
  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               	
  
         The  following  presents  a  demographic  profile  of  the  areas  around  each  of  the  three  parks  
included  in  the  Summer  Night  Lights  program.  The  geographic  areas  represented  by  the  U.S.  Census  
Block  Groups  that  include  each  park  and  that  border  the  block  group  that  includes  the  park.  The  
following  map  shows  the  location  of  these  block  groups  for  each  of  the  three  parks.  
                                                                                        S ANTA  F E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ce ntro   C H A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                "Su m m er  Nig ht  Lig hts"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PARTICIPATING  PARKS  &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SERVICE  AREA  BLO CK  GRO UPS
                                                                                                                        WILLOW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           WILLOW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               PA CIF IC
                                                                                                                                         CALIFORNIA  ENDOWMENT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                A TLANTIC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  L ONG  BEACH
                                                                                                                                               FOCUS  AREA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   SIGNAL  HILL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      M AGNOLIA
                                                                     572 70 04
                                                                                                                                                                                                                R i ve r




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          M A R T IN L U T H E R




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                M AR TIN  LUTHER  KING  JR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                A n g e l e s




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          K IN G , J R P A R K
             AD MIR AL K IDD                                                                                      572 90 03                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               573 20 23                                                                                                                                                           573 30 01




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                                                                                                                 572 90 02                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  573 20 22                                                                                                                                                                        573 30 02

                              PACIFIC  COAST                                                                 PA CIFIC  COAS T    HWY                                                                                                                                                                                                        PA CIFIC  COAST  HWY



                                                          575 50 04
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             575 20 12                                       575 20 11                    575 20 21            575 10 11
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                                                                                             SA NTA   F E




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            575 80 11                                                   575 80 21
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       R e T h i n k i n g    G r e a t e r    L o n g    B e a c h   0 2 0 4 1 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       C       R
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It  needs  to  be  noted  that  the  block  groups  immediatly  to  the  west  of  Admiral  Kidd  Park  are  not  included  
because  they  represent  industrial  areas  with  little  or  no  population.  and  the  block  groups  to  the  west  of  
Drake  Park  are  not  included  because  the  Los  Angeles  River  and  710  Freeway  tend  to  serve  as  a  natural  
barrier  between  the  areas  on  the  east  and  west  side  of  the  river.  
         The  following  discussion  looks  at  the  population  around  the  three  parks  in  terms  of  the  2000  
U.S.  Census  data,  the  2009-­‐
serve  the  students  living  around  the  three  parks,  and  the  2010  crime  data  for  incidents,  victims,  and  
arrests  or  citations  in  the  areas  around  the  three  parks.    
           In  addition  to  the  information  presented  in  this  narrative  report,  more  complete  statistical  data  
for  the  areas  around  the  three  parks  are  provided  in  the  attached  Statistical  Appendix.  


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2  
                
                                                                   2000	
  U.S.	
  Census	
  
          The  following  demographic  profiles  of  the  areas  around  the  three  parks  are  based  on  the  2000  
U.S.  Census  of  the  population  because  the  2010  Census  data  will  not  be  released  until  later  this  year.  
Therefore,  in  reviewing  these  data,  use  some  caution  because  the  data  are  ten  years  out  of  date,  
although  it  is  believed  that  the  basic  relationship  between  the  areas  around  the  three  parks  and  the  City  
of  Long  Beach  will  remain  essentially  the  same.    

Ethnic	
  Distribution	
  
                        Other                                   African               Other  
                     Ethnic  
                                      Drake  Park                Am.               Ethnic  
                                                                                                      Admrial  Kidd  Park  
                         2%                                      9%                    5%  
                                                                       Asians         Whites  
                                                                        5%             5%  
                                      Whites                                                                              African  
                                       9%                                                                                  Am.  
                                                                                                                           13%  



                                                                                                                                            Asians  
                                                                                                                                            29%  
                                                                                                    Latinos  
                                                                                                     48%  
                                       Latinos  
                                        75%  



                                                                                                                                                         
                   Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.    Park                                                           Long  Beach  
                            Other  
                         Ethnic                                                               Other  
                                                                                           Ethnic  
                  Whites   5%  
                                                                                               5%  
                 3%                                                                                                        African  
                                                       African  
                                                                                                                            Am.  
                                                        Am.  
                                                                                                                            14%  
                                                        20%  
                                                                                                                                           Asians  
                                                                                                Whites  
                                                                                                33%                                        12%  

                        Latinos  
                                                                Asians  
                         45%  
                                                                27%  
                                                                                                                             Latinos  
                                                                                                                              36%  



                                                                                                                         
         The  above  four  charts  present  the  ethnic  distribution  of  the  population  in  the  areas  around  the  
three  parks  as  well  as  for  the  City  of  Long  Beach.  These  charts  show  that  all  three  parks  have  a  much  
higher  percentage  of  Latinos  than  the  average  of  the  City  with  Drake  Park  having  75%  of  the  population  
around  the  park  classified  as  Latino.  In  addition,  the  areas  around  the  parks  have  a  much  lower  
percentage  of  Whites  than  does  the  City  of  Long  Beach  as  a  whole.  

                                                                                    3  
           
                                                                       S ANTA  F E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ce ntro   C H A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   "Su m m er  Nig ht  Lig hts"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ETHNIC  MAJORITIES,  2 000
                                                                                                       WILLOW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WILLOW                                                                                                                                                              (S in gle   Eth nicity   Form s  51%   or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 M ore   of   To tal  pop ula tio n)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               PA CIF IC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The  map  to  the  left  shows  the  census  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                A TLANTIC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  L ONG  BEACH
                                                                                                                        CALIFORNIA  ENDOWMENT
                                                                                                                              FOCUS  AREA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SIGNAL  HILL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      M AGNOLIA
                                                          57 2 70 0 4




                                                                                                                                                                                               R i ve r
                                                                                                                 HILL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        M A R T IN L U T H E R                                    blocks  around  the  three  parks  what  have  over  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 M AR TIN  LUTHER  KING  JR
                                                                                                                                                                                               A n g e l e s
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        AD MIR AL K IDD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         57 3 30 0 1
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5732021
            PA R K


50%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of  the  population  in  a  single  ethnic  group.    




                                                                                                                                                                                               L o s
                                       57 2 80 0 1
                                                                                                57 2 90 0 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                57 3 20 2 2                                                                                                                                                             57 3 30 0 2


               PACIFIC  COAST                                                               PA CIFIC  COAS T    HWY                                                                                                                                                                                                         PA CIFIC  COAST  HWY




	
                                              57 5 50 0 4

                                                                            SA NTA   F E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     57 5 30 0 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            57 5 20 1 2                           57 5 20 1 1              57 5 20 2 1             57 5 10 1 1




                                                                                                      ANAHEIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           57 5 40 1 1

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ANAHEIM                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ANAHEIM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     L ONG  BEACH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       IT OS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                A TLANTIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         CHERRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                PA CIFIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             A LAM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            57 5 80 2 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              57 5 80 1 1




	
  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10TH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5758012




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WA LNUT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        OR ANGE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  57 5 80 2 2
               LA TIN O  M A JOR IT Y
                      50.0   -­   100 .0                                                                     2          DRAKE PARK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           7TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7TH
                                                                                                      No .
                                                                                                el




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      M AGNOLIA
                                                                                           nn
               BL AC K   M AJO R IT Y                                  Ch
                                                                          a




	
  
                      50.0   -­   100 .0                                                                                                                                                                                                  57 5 90 1 4

               AS IA N   M A JOR ITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4TH
                            50.0   -­   100 .0                                                             3
                                                                                                       No.
                                                                                                 el
                                                                                           nn
               N O  M A JO R ITY                                            Ch
                                                                               a




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             T HE    R OM E NADE   NOR T H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            BROADWAY
                            50.0   -­   100 .0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           BROADW
                                                                                                                                                                                                               W S HOR EL INE   DR    W




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  




	
  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LIM E   AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AV E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              C E R R OS  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        W OC E AN   L V                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               W OC E AN   L V
                                                                                                                                                                S   HAR B OR    C ENIC    DR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        B D




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     IT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E   1S T    T




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                O PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         O CE AN   W AY
                                                        ALP INE   AV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            AL B NI  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            S    PINE    AV E


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ME DIO   ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               C HE ST NUT    L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             TERRAC E   THEAT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    G OLDE N   SHOR E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  WINDS OR    PL                                                                                                                                                           E   OC EAN   B
                                                                                                                          S   P ICO   AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ER
                                                                                                                                             P IE R   E    ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0                                                         1000                                    2000              3000 Feet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               OCE ANGAT E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               LV D
                                                                                                                                                                             S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          THE    IK E                                                                                                                                                                                                B LV D                        E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        W S EA S IDE   W AY
                                                              E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    VE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    B LV D




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1 S T   P L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S    LINDE N   A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                E   SE ASIDE    W AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2 ND   P L



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3 R D   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                               GO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          QU EE NS   W AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4 T H   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            W  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   A VE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S   P INE   AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S HO                                                                                        O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   EN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               A R  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    R EL                                                                            SE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        I NE                                                               E   PA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    TH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S H




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ED




                   R e T h i n k i n g    G r e a t e r    L o n g    B e a c h   0 1 3 1 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       C       R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      A C ES S    D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 D R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           S   C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          OR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             B    ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             E                  R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               V




	
  
Age	
  Distribution	
  
                                                                                                                                                                                               Drake  Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Admrial  Kidd  Park  
                                               Over  64  
                                                 2%  


                                                                                                                                             45-­‐64                                                                                                                                                                                                        Under  5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Over  64   Under  5  
                                                                                                                                              11%                                                                                                                                                                                                            13%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  9%         9%       5-­‐9  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      45-­‐64                         10%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             5-­‐9  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       16%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             13%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10-­‐17  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               14%  
                                                                       25-­‐44                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10-­‐17  
                                                                        34%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 14%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25-­‐44                 18-­‐24  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       18-­‐24                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             28%                     14%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        13%  


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                               Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.    Park                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Long  Beach  
                                                                                                                                                                                               Over  64  
                                                                                                                                                                                                 4%  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Under  5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Over  64  Under  5  
                                                                                                                  45-­‐64                                                                                                                                                                                                    10%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    9%        8%   5-­‐9  
                                                                                                                   13%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             5-­‐9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               9%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   13%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               45-­‐64  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      18%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10-­‐17  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               12%  

                                                                       25-­‐44                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10-­‐17  
                                                                        28%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      19%                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   18-­‐24  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        11%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 25-­‐44  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              18-­‐24                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             33%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               13%  


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4  
          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The  four  pie  charts  on  the  previous  page  
                                                                                                                                      Median  Age                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        present  the  age  distribution  of  the  population  living  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      31.8  
                            31.0  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   30.2  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    30.0  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         in  the  area  around  the  three  parks  and  in  the  City  of  
                           29.1  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 28.0  
35




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              24.9  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Long  Beach,  while  the  bar  chart  to  the  left  presents  
                      24.0  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               23.3  
                                                                                                                                                                                                  22.6  
30
                     22.2  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            21.4  
25                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       the  median  age  of  those  living  around  the  parks.  
20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       These  charts  show  that  the  population  around  
15                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Drake  and  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Parks  is  
10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       significantly  younger  than  those  living  around  
 5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Admiral  Kidd  Park  and  in  the  City  of  Long  Beach.  
 0
                                            Total                                                                                                                                                                                         Female                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Male                                                                                                                                                                                               	
  

                                 Drake                                                                                                Kidd                                                                                                                                      King                                                                                                                                                                               Long  Beach                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           	
  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Families	
  
                                                                                                          Average  Family  Size                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Female  Families  with  Child  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4.4  




 5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        30%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 25%  
                                                                4.3  



                                                                                                                                                                                                         4.3  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Percewnt  of  All  Families  with  Child  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      23%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3.5  




 4




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           17%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          20%
 3




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   13%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          15%
 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          10%
 1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        5%

 0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0%
                                                                                                                                          Average  Family  Size                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           With  Children

                                           Drake                                                                                                                                        Kidd                                                                                                     King                                                                                                                                                                                                        Long  Beach                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Drake        Kidd        King        Long  Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                 S ANTA  F E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ce ntro   C H A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                "Su m m er  Nig ht  Lig hts"                                                                                          The  average  family  size  in  the  areas  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    PERCENT  SINGL E  FEMALE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   HO USEHOL D  WITH  CHIL DREN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           around  the  three  parks  is  over  4.3  persons  
                                                                                                WILLOW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              WILLOW


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      UNDER  18-­YEARS,  2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PA CIF IC




                                                                                                                 CALIFORNIA  ENDOWMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A TLANTIC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             L ONG  BEACH




                                                                                                                       FOCUS  AREA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           SIGNAL  HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           per  family  compared  to  3.5  persons  for  the  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 M AGNOLIA




                                                   57 2 70 0 4
                                                                                                                                                                                         R i ve r




                                                                                                          HILL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   M A R T IN L U T H E R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           City  of  Long  Beach.  For  families  with  at  least  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            M AR TIN  LUTHER  KING  JR
                                                                                                                                                                                         A n g e l e s




                                                                                     57 2 90 0 3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   K IN G , J R P A R K
 AD MIR AL K IDD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           57 3 30 0 1



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           one  child  under  the  age  of  18,  the  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      57 3 20 2 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5732021




     PA R K
                                                                                                                                                                                         L o s




                                57 2 80 0 1
                                                                                      57 2 90 0 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      57 3 20 2 2

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           percentage  of  which  are  headed  by  a  single  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              57 3 30 0 2


        PACIFIC  COAST                                                               PA CIFIC  COAS T    HWY                                                                                                                                                                                                           PA CIFIC  COAST  HWY



                                         57 5 50 0 4

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                57 3 20 2 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       57 5 20 1 2                           57 5 20 1 1              57 5 20 2 1                    57 5 10 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           female  is  much  higher  in  the  areas  around  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Drake  and  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Parks  than  
                                                                      SA NTA   F E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      57 5 40 1 1
                                                                                               ANAHEIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANAHEIM                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ANAHEIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                L ONG  BEACH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  IT OS




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           for  the  area  around  Admiral  Kidd  Park  or  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A TLANTIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    CHERRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           PA CIFIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        A LAM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       57 5 80 2 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         57 5 80 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     10TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     10TH



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the  City  of  Long  Beach.  The  map  to  the  left  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               5758012




           PER CEN T   SING LE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WA LNUT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   OR ANGE




         FEM ALE  HO USEH OLD S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              57 5 80 2 2
                   N.A.
                   0.01  -­  9.9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7TH


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           illustrates  the  Census  block  groups  around  
                                                                                                      2          DRAKE PARK
                                                                                               No .
                   10.0  -­  14.9 C h a n n e
                                              l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 M AGNOLIA




                   15.0  -­  19.9                                                                                                                                                                                                    57 5 90 1 4

                   20.0  -­  29.9
                   30.0  -­  43.1

                    CA.  EN D OW M ENTn
                                    Ch
                                       a                                              ne
                                                                                           l    No.
                                                                                                    3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4TH

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the  parks  that  have  the  highest  percentage  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        T HE    R OM E NADE   NOR T H




                      FOC U S  AR EA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   BROADWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    BROADW
                                                                                                                                                                                                          W S HOR EL INE   DR    W




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                             




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           of  female-­‐headed  households  with  at  least  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LIM E   AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AV E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         C E R R OS  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   W OC E AN   L V                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          W OC E AN   L V
                                                                                                                                                         S   HAR B OR    C ENIC    DR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                IT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            E   1S T    T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           O PL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    O CE AN   W AY
                                                 ALP INE   AV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       AL B NI  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S    PINE    AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ME DIO   ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          C HE ST NUT    L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TERRAC E   THEAT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               G OLDE N   SHOR E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             WINDS OR    PL                                                                                                                                                           E   OC EAN   B
                                                                                                                   S   P ICO   AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ER
                                                                                                                                      P IE R   E    ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               0                                                         1000                                    2000              3000 Feet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          OCE ANGAT E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               LV D
                                                                                                                                                                      S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     THE    IK E                                                                                                                                                                                                B LV D                        E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   W S EA S IDE   W AY
                                                       E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               VE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               B LV D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 S T   P L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               S    LINDE N   A




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           E   SE ASIDE    W AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2 ND   P L



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3 R D   PL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           one  child  under  18  years  of  age.  
                                                                                                                                                                                                          GO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     QU EE NS   W AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4 T H   PL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       W  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              A VE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     S   P INE   AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                            LD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        S HO                                                                                        O
                                                                                                                                                                                                              EN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          A R  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               R EL                                                                            SE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   I NE                                                               E   PA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               TH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S H




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ED




            R e T h i n k i n g    G r e a t e r    L o n g    B e a c h   0 1 3 1 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  C       R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A C ES S    D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            D R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S   C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     OR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        B    ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        E                  R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          V




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5  
                           
Adult	
  Education	
  
           The  chart  to  the  right  shows  the  level  of  
formal  education  attainment  of  people  25  years  of                                                                                                                             Adult  Education  




                                                                                                                                                                             62%  
                                                                                                                                                                            58%  
age  or  older  in  the  area  around  the  three  parks.  The                                                                70%
adults  living  around  the  three  parks  were  much  less                                                                   60%




                                                                                                                                                                       46%  
likely  to  have  a  high  school  education  than  those                                                                     50%




                                                                                                                                                                                                              30%  
living  in  the  rest  of  Long  Beach  with  over  50%  of  




                                                                                                                                                                                 27%  
                                                                                                                              40%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   24%  
                                                                                                                                                                                           23%  



                                                                                                                                                                                                          21%  
                                                                                                                                                                                          19%  
                                                                                                                                                                                          19%  
those  living  around  Drake  and  Martin  Luther  King,  




                                                                                                                                                                                                         18%  
                                                                                                                                                                                         17%  
                                                                                                                              30%




                                                                                                                                                                                                        13%  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10%  
Jr.  Parks  have  less  than  a  high  school  education.  In                                                                 20%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       7%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5%  
addition,  while  24%  of  the  adult  population  in  Long                                                                   10%
Beach  has  a  four-­‐year  college  degree,  fewer  than                                                                                          0%
10%  of  those  living  around  the  three  parks  have  a                                                                                                                 Less  than          High          Some         College
college  degree.                                                                                                                                                             H.S.          School        College        Degree
                                                                                                                                                                                           Grad.
	
  
                                                                                                                                                                         Drake           Kidd         King     Long  Beach
	
  
Immigration	
  and	
  Language	
  Fluency	
  
                                                                  Immigration  Status                                                                                    Adult  Language  Fluency  
                                                                         71%  




                                                                                                                                                                                         59%  
                                                    80%                                                                                                          70%
       Percewnt  of  All  Families  with  Child  




                                                                                                                    Percewnt  of  All  Families  with  Child  




                                                    70%                                                                                                          60%
                                                                 55%  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   42%  
                                                               51%  




                                                                                                                                                                                                       41%  
                                                               50%  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 38%  
                                                    60%                                                                                                          50%


                                                                                                                                                                                                   34%  
                                                                                                      42%  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                33%  
                                                                                                                                                                                                  30%  
                                                                                                                                                                            29%  
                                                                                                                                                                            28%  
                                                                                                    36%  




                                                    50%                                                                                                          40%


                                                                                                                                                                                                 26%  
                                                                                                                                                                           26%  
                                                                                                   32%  




                                                    40%                                                                                                          30%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           15%  
                                                                                              19%  




                                                    30%                                                                                                          20%
                                                                                   13%  
                                                                                   13%  
                                                                                  10%  




                                                    20%                                                                                                          10%
                                                                                 7%  




                                                    10%                                                                                                          0%
                                                         0%                                                                                                               Egnlish  Only          NonEng.         NonEng.
                                                                  Native  Born     Immigrants     Immigrants                                                                                     Eng.  Well      Eng.  Not
                                                                                 Naturalized NonCitizens                                                                                                           Well

                                                          Drake      Kidd        King    Long  Beach                                                               Drake             Kidd        King        Long  Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                 
          As  the  above  chart  on  the  left  shows,  persons  living  around  the  three  parks  are  much  more  likely  
to  be  immigrants  and  these  immigrants  are  less  likely  to  have  become  naturalized  U.S.  Citizens.  In  
addition,  the  chart  to  the  right  shows  that  while  59%  of  the  Long  Beach  population  has  English  as  their  
primary  language,  fewer  than  30%  of  those  living  around  the  three  parks  have  English  as  their  primary  
language  and  ove                                                                       




                                                                                                                       6  
                                                      
Income	
  and	
  Poverty	
  
           The  chart  to  the  right  shows  that  the  




                                                                                                                                                                           $57,117  
average  family  income  of  the  people  living  around                                   Average  Family  Income  
the  three  parks  is  significantly  below  the  average            $60,000




                                                                                                                             $41,889  
family  income  for  Long  Beach,  with  those  living  
                                                                     $50,000
around  Drake  and  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Parks  being  




                                                                                                                                                   $28,941  
                                                                                                    $26,553  
almost  half  of  the  average  for  Long  Beach.  The  two          $40,000
charts  below  show  the  percentage  of  families  who  
                                                                     $30,000
received  Public  Assistance  during  1999  and  the  
percentage  of  people  living  below  the  poverty  line.           $20,000
In  the  case  of  Public  Assistance,  a  quarter  of  those  
living  around  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park  and  almost        $10,000
20%  of  those  living  around  Drake  Park  received  
                                                                           $0
Public  Assistance  in  1999  compared  to  only  9%  of  
families  living  around  Admiral  Kidd  Park  and  in  the                       Drake                         Kidd               King               Long  Beach

City  of  Long  Beach.  

                Percent  of  Families  Receiving                                                            Poverty  




                                                                                                                 55%  




                                                                                                                                                     55%  
                     Public  Assistance  




                                                                                                                                                                       52%  
                                                                                                                                 51%  
                                                                  60%
                                                                          46%  


   30%
                                          25%  




                                                                                          42%  




                                                                                                                                                               42%  
                                                                                                                         40%  
                                                                  50%




                                                                                                                                                                               33%  
                                                                                                                                         33%  
   25%
                                                                                  30%  



                                                                  40%
                 19%  




                                                                                                  23%  


   20%                                                            30%

   15%                                                            20%
                            9%  




                                                         9%  




   10%                                                            10%

    5%                                                             0%
                                                                                 Total                               Under  5  Yr.                       5  to  17  Yr.
    0%                                                                     Population

              Drake      Kidd      King           Long  Beach              Drake                   Kidd                   King                   Long  Beach
                                                                                                                               
           Over  40%  of  all  people  and  over  half  of  those  under  the  age  of  18  years,  living  around  Drake  and  
Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Parks  live  below  the  poverty  line.  This  compares  to  23%  of  the  total  Long  Beach  
Population  and  about  a  third  of  those  under  the  age  of  18  years.  The  two  maps  on  the  following  page  
show  the  block  groups  around  the  three  parks  with  the  highest  percentage  of  the  total  population  and  
the  youth  population  living  in  poverty.  The  darker  the  block  group,  the  higher  percentage  of  individuals  
living  in  poverty  with  the  darkest  color  indicating  that  over  50%  of  the  individuals  in  that  block  group  are  
living  in  poverty.  




                                                                    7  
           
                                                                                             S ANTA  F E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ce ntro   C H A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       "Su m m er  Nig ht  Lig hts"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       PERCENT  PERSONS  LIVING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          IN  PO VERTY,  2 000
                                                                                                                                   WILLOW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     WILLOW




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           PA CIF IC
                                                                                                                                                    CALIFORNIA  ENDOWMENT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A TLANTIC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               L ONG  BEACH
                                                                                                                                                          FOCUS  AREA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SIGNAL  HILL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          M AGNOLIA
                                                                      57 2 70 0 4




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 R i ve r
                                                                                                                                             HILL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               M A R T IN L U T H E R




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          M AR TIN  LUTHER  KING  JR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A n g e l e s
                                                                                                                   57 2 90 0 3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 K IN G , J R P A R K
      AD MIR AL K IDD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              57 3 30 0 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   57 3 20 2 3




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               5732021
          PA R K




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 L o s
                                        57 2 80 0 1
                                                                                                                       57 2 90 0 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 57 3 20 2 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                           57 3 30 0 2


              PACIFIC  COAST                                                                                       PA CIFIC  COAS T    HWY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         PA CIFIC  COAST  HWY



                                                57 5 50 0 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      57 5 20 1 2                                            57 5 20 1 1                  57 5 20 2 1                 57 5 10 1 1

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      57 53 00 1




                                                                                                   SA NTA   F E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                57 5 40 1 1
                                                                                                                                   ANAHEIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ANAHEIM                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ANAHEIM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     L ONG  BEACH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         IT OS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A TLANTIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CHERRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            PA CIFIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A LAM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   57 5 80 2 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               57 5 80 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           10TH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5758012




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          WA LNUT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             OR ANGE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         57 5 80 2 2

           PERC EN T  PER SON S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    7TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        7TH
              IN   POVER TY                                                                                                    No .
                                                                                                                                       2            DRAKE PARK
                                                                                                                       el




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          M AGNOLIA
                                                                                                                  nn
                    None
                                                                                                    a
                                                                                                 Ch

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       57 5 90 1 4
                    1.0  -­  9.9
                    10.0  -­  19.9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4TH
                             20.0  -­  29.9                                                                                        No.
                                                                                                                                       3
                                                                                                                        el
                                                                                                                  nn
                             30.0-­  49.9
                                                                                                      a
                                                                                                   Ch




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   T HE    R OM E NADE   NOR T H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   BROADWAY
                             50.0  -­  100.0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             BROADW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            W S HOR EL INE   DR    W




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        LIM E   AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      AV E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                C E R R OS  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              W OC E AN   L V                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        W OC E A N   L V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S   HAR B OR    C ENIC    DR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  B D




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       IT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           E   1S T    T




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           O PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                O CE AN   W AY
                                                                    ALP INE   AV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       AL B NI  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        S    PINE    AV E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ME DIO   ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  C HE ST NUT    L

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   TERRAC E   THEAT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         G OLDE N   SHOR E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     WINDS OR    PL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E   OC EAN   B
                                                                                                                                                                        S   P ICO   AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0                                                                              1000                                                              2000                  3000 Feet
                                                                                                                                                                                                              P IE R   E    ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     OCE ANGAT E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LV D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    THE    IK E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    B LV D                                          E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             W S EAS IDE   W A Y
                                                                          E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            VE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             B LV D




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1 S T   P L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            S    LINDE N   A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            E   SE ASIDE    W AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2 ND   P L



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 R D   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            GO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 QU EE NS   W AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4 T H   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   W                                                                         A VE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S   P INE   AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              LD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S HO                                                                                                                        O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                EN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A R  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           R EL                                                                                          PA SE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               I NE                                                                               T HE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S H




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ED




                   R e T h i n k i n g    G r e a t e r    L o n g    B e a c h   0 1 3 1 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            C       R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A C ES S    D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    D R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   S   C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       OR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              B    ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          E                      R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                V
                                                                                   S ANTA  F E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ce ntro   C H A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    "Su m m er  Nig ht  Lig hts"

                                                                                                                             WILLOW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        PERCENT  PERSONS  UNDER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        18-­YEARS  IN  PO VERTY,  2 000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         WILLOW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    PA CIF IC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   A TLANTIC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      L ONG  BEACH




                                                                                                                                                  CALIFORNIA  ENDOWMENT
                                                                                                                                                        FOCUS  AREA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SIGNAL  HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           M AGNOLIA




                                                       57 2 70 0 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      R i ve r




                                                                                                                                           HILL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             M A R T IN L U T H E R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         M AR TIN  LUTHER  KING  JR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      A n g e l e s




                                                                                                              57 2 90 0 3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    K IN G , J R P A R K
     AD MIR AL K IDD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    57 3 30 0 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               57 3 20 2 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5732021




         PA R K
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      L o s




                                    57 2 80 0 1
                                                                                                                  57 2 90 0 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 57 3 20 2 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               57 3 30 0 2


            PACIFIC  COAST                                                                                  PA CIFIC  COAS T    HWY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PA CIFIC  COAST  HWY



                                          57 5 50 0 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    57 5 20 1 2                                                        57 5 20 1 1                  57 5 20 2 1                 57 5 10 1 1

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        57 5 30 0 1
                                                                                        SA NTA   F E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             57 5 40 1 1
                                                                                                                            ANAHEIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ANAHEIM                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ANAHEIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         L ONG  BEACH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          IT OS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   A TLANTIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   CHERRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     PA CIFIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A LAM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 57 5 80 2 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         57 5 80 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10TH

            PERC EN T  PER SON S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5758012




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      WA LNUT




             U N DER   18-­YEAR S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         OR ANGE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       57 5 80 2 2
                IN   POVER TY
                      None                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             7TH
                                                                                                                                   2              DRAKE PARK
                                                                                                                            No .
                      0.1  -­  19.9          el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           M AGNOLIA




                                        an n
                                     Ch
                      20.0  -­  34.9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    57 5 90 1 4
                      35.0  -­  44.9
                      45.0  -­  54.9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             4TH

                      55.0  -­  70.0      nn
                                              el
                                                                                                                             No.
                                                                                                                                 3

                                                                                           a
                                                                                        Ch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   T HE    R OM E NADE   NOR T H




                   CA.  EN D OW M ENT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            BROADWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           BROADW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 W S HOR EL INE   DR    W




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    




                     FOC U S  AR EA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          LIM E   AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       AV E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 C E R R OS  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               W OC E AN   L V                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   W OC E AN   L V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        S   HAR B OR    C ENIC    DR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         E   1S T    T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  O PL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               O CE AN   W AY
                                                     ALP INE   AV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AL B NI  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S    PINE    AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ME DIO   ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               C HE ST NUT    L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   TERRAC E   THEAT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     G OLDE N   SHOR E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  WINDS OR    PL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               E   OC EAN   B
                                                                                                                                                     S   P ICO   AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      0                                                                1000                                                                             2000                 3000 Feet
                                                                                                                                                                                           P IE R   E    ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              OCE ANGAT E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    LV D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           THE    IK E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  B LV D                                       E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          W S EA S IDE   W A Y
                                                           E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       VE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            B LV D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1 S T   P L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S    LINDE N   A




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      E   SE ASIDE    W AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2 ND   P L



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3 R D   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 GO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               QU EE NS   W AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4 T H   PL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 W  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   A VE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S   P INE   AVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S HO                                                                                                                        O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     EN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A R  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    R EL                                                                                                 SE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        I NE                                                                                    E   PA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         TH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         S H




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ED




                R e T h i n k i n g    G r e a t e r    L o n g    B e a c h   0 1 3 1 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      C       R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     A C ES S    D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 D R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         S   C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            OR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  B    ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               E                                           R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          V




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8  
  
Housing	
  
                                                 Renter  Occupied  Households                                                         Paying  over  30%  Income  for  
                                                                                                                                                Housing  


                                                        87%  
                                      100%




                                                                                                                                                                                     34%  
                                                                                                                           40%




                                                                         75%  
     Percent  of  All  Households  




                                           80%




                                                                                          Percent  of  All  Households  
                                                                                                                           35%




                                                                                                                                                27%  
                                                                                 59%  




                                                                                                                                                                    26%  
                                                                 56%  




                                                                                                                                                                                                       24%  
                                                                                                                           30%
                                           60%
                                                                                                                           25%
                                                                                                                           20%
                                           40%
                                                                                                                           15%

                                           20%                                                                             10%
                                                                                                                           5%
                                           0%                                                                              0%

                                            Drake       Kidd      King   Long  Beach                                         Drake                Kidd                King           Long  Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
         While  59%  of  the  households  in  Long  Beach  and  56%  of  those  located  in  the  area  around  
Admiral  Kidd  Park  living  in  rental  units,  87%  of  those  around  Drake  Park  and  75%  of  those  around  Martin  
Luther  King,  Jr.  Park  occupy  rental  units.  In  addition,  while  24%  of  the  households  in  Long  Beach  pay  
over  30%  of  their  income  for  housing  costs,  34%  of  those  living  around  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park  do  
so.  

                                                 Over  1.5  Persons  per  Room                                                                            Density  
                                                                                                                                                 32.4  
                                                                                                                             31.2  




                                      60%                                                35
                                                      48%  




                                                                                         30
     Percent  of  All  Households  




                                      50%
                                                                                         25
                                                                                                                                       18.5  
                                                                33%  


                                                                         32%  




                                      40%
                                                                                         20
                                                                                                                                                           13.9  




                                      30%                                                15
                                                                                                                                                                                               8.1  
                                                                                                                                                                             8.0  
                                                                                 15%  




                                                                                         10
                                                                                                                                                                                                           4.9  
                                      20%
                                                                                                                                                                                       4.2  




                                                                                          5
                                      10%
                                                                                          0
                                           0%                                                                                   People  per  Acre                                 Units  per  Acre

                                            Drake       Kidd      King   Long  Beach                                         Drake                Kidd                King           Long  Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
          The  U.S.  Census  Bureau  defines  overcrowding  as  more  than  1.51  persons  per  room,  not  
counting  the  kitchen  or  bathrooms,  living  in  a  single  housing  unit.  The  above  chart  on  the  left  illustrates  
that  those  living  around  the  three  parks  are  much  more  likely  to  be  living  in  overcrowded  conditions  
than  are  persons  living  in  the  remainder  of  Long  Beach  with  almost  half  of  the  households  around  Drake  
Park  being  classified  as  overcrowded.  In  addition,  the  housing  adjacent  to  Drake  and  Martin  Luther  King,  
Jr.  Parks  is  much  denser  than  is  the  case  for  the  rest  of  the  city,  with  over  30  persons  and  eight  housing  


                                                                                            9  
                                        
units  per  acre  compared  to  only  14  people  and  5  housing  units  per  acre  in  the  City  of  Long  Beach  
generally.  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The  top  map  on  the  left  
                                                                               S ANTA  F E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Ce ntro   C H A

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PERCENT  RENTERS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 "Su m m er  Nig ht  Lig hts"                                                                              presents  the  block  groups  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LIVING  IN  OVERCRO WDED
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           around  the  three  parks  with  the  
                                                                                                          WILLOW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      WILLOW


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           UNITS,  2000




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         PA CIF IC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           highest  percentage  of  renter  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               A TLANTIC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   L ONG  BEACH
                                                                                                                            CALIFORNIA  ENDOWMENT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SIGNAL  HILL
                                                                                                                                  FOCUS  AREA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                M AGNOLIA
                                                              57 2 70 0 4


                                                                                                                    HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                   R i ve r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           occupied  households  that  are  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               M A R T IN L U T H E R

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           classified  as  being  overcrowded  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        M AR TIN  LUTHER  KING  JR
                                                                                                                                                                                                   A n g e l e s




                                                                                                    57 2 90 0 3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                K IN G , J R P A R K
    AD MIR AL K IDD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            57 3 30 0 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            57 3 20 2 3




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              5732021
        PA R K


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           with  more  than  1.5  persons  
                                                                                                                                                                                                   L o s




                                    57 2 80 0 1
                                                                                                     57 2 90 0 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           57 3 20 2 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    57 3 30 0 2


           PACIFIC  COAST                                                                          PA CIFIC  COAST    HWY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    PA CIFIC  COAST  HWY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           living  in  each  room  of  the  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           housing  unit.  The  darkest  color  
                                             57 5 50 0 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  57 5 20 1 2                                                    57 5 20 1 1                    57 5 20 2 1                     57 5 10 1 1




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           indicates  that  over  50%  of  the  
                                                                                    SA NTA   F E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    57 5 40 1 1
                                                                                                         ANAHEIM

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           housing  units  within  that  block  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ANAHEIM                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ANAHEIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      L ONG  BEACH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     IT OS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               A TLANTIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CHERRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PA CIFIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A LAM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 57 5 80 2 1


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           group  are  classified  as  being  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           57 5 80 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           10TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  10TH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             5758012




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        WA LNUT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     OR ANGE
           PERC EN T  R ENT ER S
            OVER CR OW D ED                                                                                                DRAKE PARK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            57 5 80 2 2

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7TH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             overcrowded.   
                                                                                                                2
                                                                                                         No .
                                         el
                  None
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                M AGNOLIA




                                    an n
                                 Ch


                  0.01  -­  9.9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      The  bottom  map  shows  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       57 5 90 1 4

                  10.0  -­  19.9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4TH
                  20.0  -­  39.9                                                                              3
                                                                                                          No.
                  40.0  -­  49.9 C h a n n e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the  average  number  of  persons  
                                             l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 T HE    R OM E NADE   NOR T H




                  50.0  -­  81.8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             BROADWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             BROADW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    W S HOR EL INE   DR    W




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           per  housing  unit  in  each  of  the  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         LIM E   AV E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AV E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            C E R R OS  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 W OC E AN   L V                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         W OC E A N   L V
                                                                                                                                                                    S   HAR B OR    C ENIC    DR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   IT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        E   1S T    T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    O PL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             O C AN   W AY
                                                            ALP INE   AV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                AL B NI  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S    PINE    AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ME DIO   ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     C HE ST NUT    L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 TERRAC E   THEAT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G OLDE N   SHOR E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WINDS OR    PL                                                                                                                                                                                                                             E   OC EAN   B
                                                                                                                               S   P ICO   AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                                                 1000                                                                           2000                       3000 Feet
                                                                                                                                                   P IE R E    ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       OCE ANGAT E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       LV D
                                                                                                                                                                                 S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 THE    IK E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           B LV D                                          E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                           




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 W S EAS IDE   W AY
                                                                  E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S    LINDE N   A E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           B LV D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    V




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 S T   P L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    E   SE ASIDE    W AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 ND   P L



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3 R D   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    QU EE NS   W AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  4 T H   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          A VE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 W  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              S   P INE   A V E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Census  blocks  round  each  of  the  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S HO                                                                                                       O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        EN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    A R  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          R EL                                                                                       PA SE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              I NE                                                                            T HE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            S H




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ED




                R e T h i n k i n g    G r e a t e r    L o n g    B e a c h   0 1 3 1 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               C       R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              A C ES S    D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       D R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S   C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               OR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      B    ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  E                          R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            V




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           three  parks.  The  darkest  color  
                                                                           S ANTA  F E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ce ntro   C H A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          "Su mm er  Nig ht  Lig hts"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         PERSONS  PER                                                                                      indicates  that  there  is  an  
                                                                                                         WILLOW                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WILLOW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        HO USEHOL D,  2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           average  of  4.2  persons  or  more  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               PA CIF IC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A TLANTIC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             L ONG  BEACH




                                                                                                                           CALIFORNIA  ENDOWMENT
                                                                                                                                 FOCUS  AREA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SIGNAL  HILL                                                                     living  in  each  housing  unit  within  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    M AGNOLIA




                                                     57 2 70 0 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                    R i ve r




                                                                                                                    HILL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      HILL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           that  Census  block.  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   M A R T IN L U T H E R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     M AR TIN  LUTHER  KING  JR
                                                                                                                                                                                                    A n g e l e s




                                                                                                   57 2 90 0 3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     K IN G , J R P A R K
   AD MIR AL K IDD                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               57 3 30 0 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  57 3 20 2 3
       PA R K
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      5732021
                                                                                                                                                                                                    L o s




                                  57 2 80 0 1
                                                                                                    57 2 90 0 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       57 3 20 2 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             57 3 30 0 2


          PACIFIC  COAST                                                                           PA CIFIC  COAST    HWY                                                                                                                                                                                             PA CIFIC  COAST  HWY



                                           57 5 50 0 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     57 5 20 1 2                                      57 5 20 1 1                     57 5 20 2 1                      57 5 10 1 1

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        57 5 30 0 1
                                                                                SA NTA   F E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      57 5 40 1 1
                                                                                                        ANAHEIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ANAHEIM                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ANAHEIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  L ONG  BEACH




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        IT OS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A TLANTIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               CHERRY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                PA CIFIC




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               A LAM




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        57 5 80 2 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            57 5 80 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               10TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10TH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               5758012




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  WA LNUT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               OR ANGE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              57 5 80 2 2

         PERSO NS/H OU SEH OLD                                                                                             DRAKE PARK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7TH                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7TH
                                                                                                               2
                                                                                                        No .
                  N.A.                 el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    M AGNOLIA




                                  an n
                               Ch
                  1.0  -­  2.9                                                                                                                                                                                                                         57 5 90 1 4
                  3.0  -­  3.4
                  3.5  -­  3.7                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4TH

                  3.8  -­  4.1          el
                                                                                                         No.
                                                                                                             3
                                     nn
                                  ha
                  4.2  -­  4.6 C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 T HE    R OM E NADE   NOR T H




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        BROADWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        BROADW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            W S HOR EL INE   DR    W




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               




                      CA.  EN D OW M ENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          LIM E   AV E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    AV E




                        FOC U S  AR EA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               C E R R OS  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   W OC E AN   L V                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           W OC E AN   L V
                                                                                                                                                                    S   HAR B OR    C ENIC    DR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    B D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      IT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     E   1S T    T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         O PL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             O C AN   W AY
                                                   ALP INE   AV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     AL B NI  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S    PINE    AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ME DIO   ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        C HE ST NUT    L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 TERRAC E   THEAT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             G OLDE N   SHOR E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           WINDS OR    PL                                                                                                                                                                                                                          E   OC EAN   B
                                                                                                                             S   P ICO   AV E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         0                                                                                        1000                                                    2000                     3000 Feet
                                                                                                                                                  P IE R E    ST




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          OCE ANGAT E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          LV D
                                                                                                                                                                                 S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        THE    IK E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     B LV D                                                  E   OC EAN  
                                                                                                                                                          




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  W S EAS IDE   W AY
                                                         E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S    LINDE N   A E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        B LV D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          V




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1 S T   P L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    P




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          E   SE ASIDE    W AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2 ND   P L



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           3 R D   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      QU EE NS   W AY




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4 T H   PL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A VE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        W  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S   P INE   A V E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LD




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         S HO                                                                                                                O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        EN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            A R  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                R EL                                                                                        PA SE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    I NE                                                                             T HE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            S H




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ED




              R e T h i n k i n g    G r e a t e r    L o n g    B e a c h   0 1 3 1 1 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 C       R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                A C ES S    D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          D R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        S   C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               OR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            AY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           B    ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  E                           R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             V




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                10  
                           
                                         Education	
  Around	
  the	
  Parks	
  
          The  schools  serving  the  geographic  areas  surrounding  the  parks  are  used  when  examining  
education  levels.  Thus,  the  information  presented  below  represents  those  students  attending  these  
schools  during  the  2009-­‐2010  academic  year  and  not  necessarily  the  students  that  live  around  the  parks.  
This  difference  is  due  to  the  fact  the  schools  serving  the  areas  around  the  parks  serve  a  much  broader  
base  of  students  and  that  approximately  40%  of  the  students  in  the  Long  Beach  Unified  School  District  
                                                                                      -­‐crowding.    

Ethnic	
  Distribution	
  
                               Drake  Park                                           Admirl  Kidd  Park  
                  White  
                   1%  
                               Other   African               Asian     White           Other            African  
                                8%      Am.                   2%        2%             16%               Am.  
                                        15%                                                                         Asian  
                                                                                                         17%  
                                                                                                                     2%  




                            Latino                                                         Latino  
                             74%                                                            63%  



                                                                                                                                
                 Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park                                      Other  Schools  

                White  
                 7%  
                               Other                                                       Other  
                                                                                                   African  
                                7%         African                                          6%  
                                                                                                    Am.  
                                            Am.                                  White              16%             Asian  
                                            23%                                  19%                                 7%  




                    Latino                         Asian  
                     41%                           22%  
                                                                                                      Latino  
                                                                                                       52%  



                                                                                                                        
         The  above  four  pie  charts  show  the  ethnic  character  of  students  attending  the  schools  serving  
the  areas  around  the  three  parks.  These  data  show  that  in  the  case  of  Drake  and  Kidd  Parks  is  a  much  
larger  proportion  of  the  student  population  is  Latino  than  is  the  case  for  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park  and  
the  other  Long  Beach  schools  while  the  proportion  of  African  American  students  is  much  higher  at  King  

                                                                       11  
           
Park  than  at  the  other  two  parks  and  other  Long  Beach  schools.  In  addition,  the  proportion  of  students  
who  are  classified  as  White  is  conspicuously  lower  at  all  three  parks  than  at  other  Long  Beach  schools.  

Language	
  Fluency	
  
                               Drake  Park                                     Admirl  Kidd  Park  




                                               English  
                                                                             Eng.  
                     Eng.                       Only                                             English  
                                                                            Lang.  
                    Lang.                       28%                                               Only  
                                                                           Learners  
                   Learners                                                  29%                  39%  
                     36%  


                                    Fluent                                         Fluent  
                                     Eng.                                           Eng.  
                                     Prof.                                          Prof.  
                                     36%                                            32%  

                                                                                                                      
                 Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park                                  Other  Schools  



                        Eng.                                                   Eng.  
                       Lang.                                                  Lang.  
                      Learners                                               Learners  
                        23%                          English                   22%  
                                                      Only  
                                                      47%               Fluent                   English  
                    Fluent                                               Eng.                     Only  
                     Eng.                                                Prof.                    57%  
                     Prof.                                               21%  
                     30%  


                                                                                                                         
           The  above  four  pie  charts  display  the  level  of  language  fluency  of  the  students  attending  the  
schools  servicing  the  areas  around  the  three  parks  and  the  remaining  schools  within  the  Long  Beach  
Unified  Schools  District.  The  students  are  classified  into  three  groups:  1)  English  Only  (meaning  English  is  
the  students  primary  language);  2)  Fluent  English  Proficient  (meaning  the  student  has  a  language  other  
than  English  as  their  primary  language  but  has  be  redesignated  by  as  being  fluent  in  English);  and  3)  
English  Language  Learners  (meaning  the  students  has  a  language  other  than  English  as  their  primary  
language  and  has  yet  to  master  the  English  language).  These  charts  show  that  in  no  case  were  over  half  
of  the  students  attending  the  schools  servicing  the  parks  were  classified  as  English  Only  students  while  
57%  of  the  students  in  the  other  schools  were  English  Only.  In  the  case  of  Drake  Park,  36%  of  all  
students  were  English  Language  Learners  and  59%  of  those  enrolled  in  grades  K-­‐5  were  English  

                                                                 12  
           
Language  Learners,  indicating  that  English  
                                                                                                                                                                               Soc-­‐Econ.  Disadvantaged  
language  development  is  a  critical  need  in  this  
area.  In  the  cases  of  Admiral  Kidd  and  Martin                                                                           100%
                                                                                                                                                                              90%  
Luther  King,  Jr.  Parks,  only  about  40%  of  the  K-­‐5                                                                    90%                                                               84%  

students  are  English  Language  Learners:  only                                                                               80%                                                                                   74%  
30%  of  the  students  attending  the  other  K-­‐5                                                                            70%                                                                                                               62%  
schools  in  the  District  are  English  Language                                                                              60%
Learners.                                                                                                                       50%
                                                                                                                                40%
Socio-­‐Economic	
  Disadvantaged	
  
                                                                                                                                30%
          The  bar  chart  to  the  right  presents  the          20%
percentage  of  students  enrolled  in  the  schools              10%
serving  the  three  parks  that  are  classified  as              0%
being  Socio-­‐Economic  Disadvantaged  by  the                              Drake         Kidd       King      Other
State  of  California.  This  means  that  the  student  
qualifies  for   Federal  Free  or  Reduced  Meals   and/or  their  parents  do  not  have  a  high  school  education.  
The  highest  percentage  of  students  being  classified  as  Socio-­‐Economic  Disadvantaged  are  attending  
schools  that  serve  Drake  Park  with  over  99%  of  the  K-­‐5  and  6-­‐8  students  attending  those  schools  being  
so  classified.  Over  99%  of  the  K-­‐5  students  attending  the  schools  serving  Martin  Luther  King  Park  are  
also  classified  as  being  Socio-­‐Economic  Disadvantaged.  This  lower  overall  percentage  is  due  to  the  fact  
that  the  high  school  serving  the  students  around  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park  is  Polytechnic  High  School  
which  through  its  PACE  (Program  of  Additional  Curricular  Experiences)  and  CIC  (Center  for  International  
Curriculum)  programs  attract  a  large  number  of  middle-­‐  and  upper-­‐  income  students  from  throughout  
Long  Beach.  

Academic	
  Performance	
  
                                                      Grade  2-­‐5  Performance                                                                                                 Grade  6-­‐8  Performance  
                                                                                                                73%  




                                                                                                                                                                                                           53%  
                                                                                                70%  




                                                                                                                        70%  




                                            80%                                                                                                                         60%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   50%  
      Percent  Advanced  or  Proficient  




                                                                                                        58%  




                                                                                                                                  Percent  Advanced  or  Proficient  




                                            70%
                                                                         54%  
                                                                                 54%  




                                                                                                                                                                        50%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          39%  
                                                                                                                                                                                          39%  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  38%  




                                            60%
                                                                44%  
                                                        42%  




                                                                                                                                                                        40%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          29%  
                                                                                                                                                                                  29%  




                                            50%
                                                                                                                                                                                                   24%  




                                            40%                                                                                                                         30%
                                            30%
                                                                                                                                                                        20%
                                            20%
                                                                                                                                                                        10%
                                            10%
                                                 0%                                                                                                                     0%
                                                        Eng.  Lang.  Arts                        Mathematics                                                                      Eng.  Lang.  Arts                        Mathematics

                                                      Drake             Kidd             King           Other                                                                  Drake              Kidd             King           Other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
         The  above  two  bar  charts  and  the  chart  on  the  next  page  present  the  percentage  of  students  
that  performed  at  the  Advanced  or  Proficient  Levels  (Grade  Level  or  Above)  on  the  English  Language  

                                                                                                                                  13  
                                              
Arts  and  Mathematics  parts  of  the  California  
                                                                                                                   Grade  9-­‐11  Performance  
Standards  Test  in  2010.  In  respect  to  the  students  
                                                                                                             60%




                                                                                                                                     50%  
enrolled  in  grades  2-­‐5,  the  English  Language  Arts  




                                                                       Percent  Advanced  or  Proficient  




                                                                                                                                             47%  
Scores  for  the  schools  serving  Martin  Luther  King,                                                    50%
Jr.  Park  and  the  Mathematic  scores  for  those  
                                                                                                             40%
serving  Drake  and  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Parks  




                                                                                                                                                                   27%  
                                                                                                                                                                           26%  
                                                                                                                     26%  
                                                                                                                             26%  
were  equivalent  to  the  other  schools  within  the                                                       30%
District  while  the  percentage  of  students  
                                                                                                             20%
performing  at  grade  level  or  above  was  lower  than  




                                                                                                                                                     8%  
                                                                                                                                                            8%  
the  rest  of  the  District  at  both  Drake  and  Admiral                                                  10%
Kidd  Parks  in  English  Language  Arts  and  at  the                                                       0%
schools  serving  Admiral  Kidd  Park  in  Mathematics.                                                              Eng.  Lang.  Arts                Mathematics
           For  the  middle  schools  students,  the                      Drake      Kidd    King     Other
students  attending  those  schools  serving  the  three  
parks  reported  a  lower  percentage  performing  at  grade  level  or  above  on  both  the  English  Language  Arts  
and  Mathematics  parts  of  the  test  with  those  attending  the  middle  schools  serving  Martin  Luther  King,  
Jr.  Park  reporting  the  lowest  scores.  
          High  Schools  scores  are  the  same  for  both  Drake  and  Admiral  Kidd  Parks  because  the  students  
around  both  parks  attend  Cabrillo  High  School.  In  both  instances  the  percentage  of  students  performing  
at  the  Advanced  or  Proficient  Level  is  significantly  lower  for  those  attending  the  other  high  schools  in  the  
District.  The  high  school  serving  Martian  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park,  however,  is  Polytechnic  High  Schools  
which  tends  to  have  high  scores  because  of  the  PACE  and  CIC  which  are  designed  to  attract  some  of  the  
highest  performing  students  in  the  District.  

Summary	
  
         Schools  serving  students  living  around  the  three   Summer  Night  Lights   parks  tend  to  have  a  
higher  percentage  of  minority  students,  a  higher  percentage  of  English  Language  Learner  Students,  and  
a  higher  percentage  of  students  coming  from  low  income  households.  In  addition,  at  the  middle  school  
and  high  school  levels,  the  students  attending  those  schools  also  tend  to  have  lower  academic  
performance  scores  than  the  other  students  in  the  Long  Beach  Unified  School  District.  
           
           
           
           
                                                                  
           




                                                                     14  
           
                                                                                        Public	
  Safety	
  
          In  looking  at  public  safety  in  the  areas  around  the  three  parks  the  focus  will  be  on  a  small  
sample  of  those  crimes  that  have  a  significant  impact  on  the  quality  of  life  in  the  areas  and  have  a  high  
enough  rate  of  occurrence  to  make  the  number  meaningful.  Specifically  this  review  will  look  at  Assault  
and  Battery;  Robbery,  Burglary,  and  Theft  (both  Theft  and  Auto  Theft);  Vandalism;  and  Narcotics  
occuring  during  2010.  The  review  will  include  Reported  Criminal  Incidents,  Reported  Criminal  Victims,  
and  Arrests  and  Citations.  For  victims,  arrests  and  citations  the  data  will  focus  on  the  overall  rates  for  
the  areas  around  the  parks  as  well  as  for  those  in  the  10  to  17  year  and  18  to  24  year  age  ranges.  These  
age  ranges  were  selected  because  the  10  to  17  year  old  age  group  tends  to  be  recruited  by  gangs  and  
the  18  to  24  age  group  is  the  most  likely  group  to  be  involved  in  criminal  activity.    

Reported	
  Criminal	
  Incidents	
  
                                                                             Reported  Criminal  Incidents  
                                                                                                319  
                                                                                                        307  
                                           350
         Rate  per  10,000  Population  




                                           300
                                           250
                                                                                        197  
                                                                                185  




                                           200
                                           150




                                                                                                                                                                   100  
                                                                                                                                                            91  
                                                               84  




                                                                                                                                                    81  
                                           100




                                                                                                                                                                           55  
                                                                                                                                      55  
                                                 54  




                                                                      50  




                                                                                                                                             48  
                                                                                                                       46  
                                                        43  




                                                                                                                               34  



                                           50
                                            0
                                                 Assault  &  Battery           Rob.  Burg.  &  Theft                          Valdalizm                    Narcotics

                                                                             Drake         Kidd          King           Long  Beach
                                                                                                                         
          The  above  bar  chart  illustrates  the  rate  of  crimes  per  10,000  population  reported  to  the  Long  
Beach  Police  Department  for  each  of  the  four  crime  classifications  in  the  areas  around  the  three  parks  
and  in  the  City  of  Long  Beach.  For  assault  and  battery,  the  rate  around  Drake  and  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  
Parks  was  higher  than  for  the  overall  city,  while  the  rate  around  Admiral  Kidd  Park  was  lower.  The  crime  
rates  for  robbery,  burglary,  and  theft  were  lower  around  Drake  and  Admiral  Kidd  Parks  and  higher  
around  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park  than  for  the  City  generally.  The  vandalism  rate  was  slightly  higher  
around  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park  than  for  the  entire  City,  and  slightly  lower  around  Drake  and  Admiral  
Kidd  Parks.  The  incidents  of  narcotic  crimes  were  higher  around  the  three  parks  than  for  the  City  
generally,  with  the  highest  rate  being  reported  around  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park.  




                                                                                                                15  
              
Reported	
  Criminal	
  Victims	
  
                                                     Victims  Assault  &  Battery                                                                                              Victims  Rob.  Burg.  &  Theft  




                                                                                                                          148  
                                                                             140  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  689  
                                           160                                                                                                                           800




                                                                                                                       130  
     Rate  per  10,000  Population  




                                                                                                                                       Rate  per  10,000  Population  
                                           140                                                                                                                           700




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          579  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          532  
                                           120                                                                                                                           600




                                                                                                         92  
                                           100                                                                                                                           500




                                                                                                                65  
                                                                      65  




                                                                                                                                                                                                  295  
                                                80                                                                                                                       400




                                                                                                                                                                                                 277  
                                                      60  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                251  
                                                                    55  




                                                                                                                                                                                 237  
                                                                                                  53  




                                                                                                                                                                                                             199  
                                                                                                                                                                                                            189  
                                                60                                                                                                                       300




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  157  
                                                                                           31  




                                                                                                                                                                                                          119  
                                                                                                                                                                                         100  
                                                             25  




                                                40                                                                                                                       200
                                                20                                                                                                                       100
                                                                                     0  




                                                 0                                                                                                                        0
                                                             Total             10-­‐17yr                   18-­‐24yr                                                                     Total             10-­‐17yr        18-­‐24yr

                                                 Drake              Kidd       King                Long  Beach                                                             Drake                 Kidd      King        Long  Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                 These  three  bar  charts  present  the  rate  
                                                             Victims  Vandalism  
                                                                                                                                      per  10,000  population  for  all  victims  of  reported  
                                                                                                                              110  




                                           120                                                                                        crimes  for  the  area  around  the  parks  as  well  as  
         Rate  per  10,000  Population  




                                           100                                                                                        the  victimization  rate  for  those  between  the  ages  
                                                                                                                       85  
                                                                                                         84  




                                                                                                                                      of  10  and  17  years  and  18  and  24  years.  For  
                                                                             74  




                                                80
                                                                                                                                      assault  and  battery  lowest  victimization  rate  was  
                                                60                                                                                    found  in  the  area  around  Admiral  Kidd  Park,  while  
                                                              45  
                                                            38  




                                                                                                                                      the  highest  rate  was  found  in  the  area  around  
                                                                                               35  
                                                         28  




                                                40
                                                                                                                26  
                                                                                            25  




                                                                                                                                      Drake  Park.  For  the  10  to  17  year  old  group,  the  
                                                       20  




                                                                                     13  




                                                20                                                                                    rate  want  much  higher  around  Drake  Park  while  
                                                 0
                                                                                                                                      for  the  18  to  24  year  old  group  the  rate  around  
                                                             Total              10-­‐17yr                  18-­‐24yr                  the  three  parks  were  all  lower  than  the  overall  
                                                                                                                                      rate  for  Long  Beach.  
                                                 Drake              Kidd       King                 Long  Beach
                                                                           The  overall  victimization  rates  for  
robbery,  burglary,  and  theft  crimes  were  lower  around  all  three  parks  than  for  the  entire  City,  with  the  
lowest  rate  being  reported  around  Admiral  Kidd  Park.  For  the  10  to  17  year  old  age  group,  the  rate  in  
Drake  Park  vicinity  was  higher  than  elsewhere  in  the  City.  For  the  18  to  24  age  group,  the  victimization  
rate  around  the  three  parks  was  lower  than  for  the  City  generally,  but  significantly  higher  around  Drake  
and  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Parks  than  around  Admiral  Kidd  Park.  
           The  victimization  rate  for  vandalism  was  lower  in  the  areas  around  the  three  parks  than  for  the  
City  of  Long  Beach  while,  as  was  the  case  for  the  above  two  crime  classifications,  the  rate  tended  to  be  
the  highest  around  Drake  and  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Parks  and  lowest  around  Admiral  Kidd  Park.    
                                             



                                                                                                                                      16  
                                             
Arrests	
  and	
  Citations	
  
                                                 Arr  &  Cit  Assault  &  Battery                                                                                Arr  &  Cit  Rob.  Burg.  &  Theft  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                235  
                                                                                                           65  
                                       70                                                                                                                  250
     Rate  per  10,000  Population  




                                                                                                                         Rate  per  10,000  Population  
                                       60
                                                                                                                                                           200




                                                                                                                  47  
                                       50




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       139  
                                                                                                                                                           150




                                                                                             34  
                                       40




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               85  
                                       30                                                                                                                  100
                                                                 21  




                                                                                                                                                                                          66  
                                                                18  




                                                                                                                                                                                   63  
                                                  17  




                                                                                                                                                                    58  

                                                                                                                                                                                  56  
                                                                         15  
                                                                        13  




                                                                                                    13  
                                       20                                             11  
                                                         11  




                                                                                                                                                                                                  37  
                                                                                                                                                                                                 28  
                                                                                                                                                                                                 27  
                                                                                                                                                           50




                                                                                                                                                                           16  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        13  
                                       10
                                                                                0  



                                            0                                                                                                               0
                                                         Total           10-­‐17yr             18-­‐24yr                                                                   Total            10-­‐17yr             18-­‐24yr

                                                Drake            Kidd    King           Long  Beach                                                          Drake                Kidd     King            Long  Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                         Arr  &  Cit  Vandalism                                                                                        Arr  &  Cit  Narcotics  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       143  
                                       40                                                                                                                  160
                                                                                             34  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                126  
     Rate  per  10,000  Population  




                                                                                                                         Rate  per  10,000  Population  


                                       35                                                                                                                  140




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               102  
                                       30                                                                                                                  120
                                       25                                                                                                                  100
                                                                                                            20  
                                                                                                           19  




                                       20                                                                                                                  80
                                                                                                                                                                                   62  
                                                                                                                                                                                  56  
                                                                                                                                                                    55  




                                       15                                                                                                                  60
                                                                                                                                                                                                         42  
                                                                                                                                                                                                        37  
                                                                                                                                                                                          29  
                                                                8  




                                       10                                                                                                                  40
                                                                7  
                                                  6  




                                                                                                                                                                                                 13  
                                                                                                                                                                           12  
                                                                                      3  




                                            5                                                                                                              20
                                                         2  



                                                                        0  
                                                                        0  
                                                                        0  



                                                                                                    0  




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        0  
                                            0                                                                                                               0
                                                         Total           10-­‐17yr             18-­‐24yr                                                                   Total            10-­‐17yr             18-­‐24yr

                                                Drake            Kidd    King           Long  Beach                                                          Drake                Kidd     King            Long  Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
         The  above  bar  charts  show  the  arrest  and  citations  rates  per  10,000  population  for  the  four  
crime  classifications.  Arrests  and  citations  are  combined  in  these  charts  because  they  both  represent  the  
                                                                                                       assault  and  
robbery  while  citations  are  more  common  for  less  serious  crimes  such  as  petty  theft  and  narcotics  
possession.    
         While  the  overall  arrest  or  citation  rates  for  assault  and  battery  were  lower  in  the  areas  around  
the  three  parks  than  for  Long  Beach  generally,  they  were  higher  for  the  18  to  24  year  olds  in  the  area  
around  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park.  Similarly,  the  overall  arrest  or  citation  rates  for  robbery,  burglary,  
and  theft  were  lower  than  the  Long  Beach  rate  in  the  areas  around  the  three  parks;  they  were  higher  in  
the  area  around  Drake  Park  for  both  the  10  to  17  and  18  to  24  year  old  groups.  



                                                                                                                         17  
                                         
         The  arrest  or  citation  rates  for  vandalism  were  relatively  low  throughout  the  city  with  the  
highest  rate  being  reported  for  the  18  to  24  year  old  group  in  the  area  around  Drake  Park.    The  overall  
arrest  or  citation  rates  for  narcotics  was  slightly  lower  than  the  City  for  the  areas  around  Drake  and  
Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Parks  and  significantly  lower  in  the  area  around  Admiral  Kidd  Park.    

Summary	
  
          While  criminal  activity  definitely  occurs  in  the  areas  surrounding  the  three  parks,  an  analysis  of  
the  2010  crime  data  for  the  City  of  Long  Beach  shows  that  the  rates  are  not  that  significantly  different  
than  for  the  entire  City  and  in  some  cases  is  even  lower  in  the  area  around  specific  parks  than  for  the  
whole  city.  This  finding  not  only  applies  to  the  overall  crime,  victimization,  and  arrest  or  citation  rates,  
but  also  for  the  victimization  and  arrest  or  citation  rates  for  individual  in  the  10  to  17  and  18  to  24  age  
groups.  

                                                        Conclusion	
  
         Since  1980  the  City  of  Lo
some  arriving  from  other  parts  of  the  Los  Angeles  metro  area,  while  others  came  directly  from  their  
homelands.    Most  of  these  new  residents  were  Filipino,  Cambodian  or  members  of  various  Latino  
communities.    The  most  recent  newcomers  were  Latinos     mainly  from  Mexico     who  during  the  1990s  
and  early  2000s  most  often  settled  in  the  Lower  Westside  and  Downtown  neighborhoods.      
         The  majority  of  these  persons  were  young,  had  little  money,  limited  education  and  few  
economic  skills;  in  addition,  most  were  unable  to  communicate  effectively  in  the  English  language.    
Unfortunately,  circumstances  usually  demanded  that  a  disproportionate  amount  of  their  limited  income  
be  spent  just  for  rent,  which  resulted  in  severe  residential  overcrowding,  which  then  produced  pockets  
of  severe  poverty,  serious  health  problems,  and  public  safety  issues  such  as  youth  gangs,  drug  use  and  
other  anti-­‐social  behavior.    This  condition  was  further  complicated  by  the  fact  that  these  immigrants  
consisted  overwhelmingly  of  teenagers  and  persons  in  the  twenties  and  early  thirties;  age  cohorts  that  
                                    -­‐             -­‐stage,  and  this,  in  turn,  produced  a  surging  fertility  rate  in  the  
midst  of  a  larger  community  otherwise  well  past  this  critical  demographic  period.    Consequently,  the  
                                                                              
        While  in  many  respects  this  situation  is  typical  of  many  areas  in  Southern  California  that  
suddenly  received  large  numbers  of  immigrants  during  recent  decades,  its  effects  on  Long  Beach  have  
been  profound.    For  the  past  two  decades  city  government,  non-­‐profit  agencies  and  volunteers  have  
urgently  sought  ways  to  effectively  address  and  ameliorate  the  problems  created  by  this  sudden  influx  

related  to  the  children  and  young  adults  living  there.      
                                                                                                                     g  the  
summer  of  2010.    Three  parks     Drake  Park,  Admiral  Kidd  Park  and  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park     were  
chosen  as  program  participants  precisely  because  they  were  located  within  this  critical  section  of  Long  
Beach.    As  the  maps  for  the  areas  immediately  surrounding  these  parks  clearly  illustrate,  young  
residents,  and  most  especially  those  within  the  large  15-­‐24  year  age  group,  face  daunting  obstacles  to  
their  development  and  general  well-­‐being.    Too  many  live  in  an  overcrowded  and  impoverished  

                                                                       18  
            
household  that  is  headed  by  a  single  mother  forced  to  cope  not  only  with  every-­‐day  economic  crises,  
but  also  with  the  formidable  problems  associated  with  being  a  single  parent.    Lacking  a  suitable  home  
environment,  members  of  this  age  group  tend  to  perform  poorly  academically  and  subsequently  find  it  
difficult  to  compete  effectively  for  scarce  jobs.    It  should  not  be  surprising,  then,  to  learn  that  chronic  
unemployment,  gang  membership,  drug  use,  and  juvenal  crime  are  problems  within  these  impoverished  
neighborhoods.    
           




                                                                  19  
           
                                   Statistical  Appendix
                                       Summer  Night  Lights

Table    Description                                                              Page
         U.S.  Census
C  1     Block  Groups  Around  Parks                                              3
C  2     Population  Demographics                                                  4
C  3     Education                                                                 5
C  4     Families  and  Households                                                 6
C  5     Economics                                                                 7
C  6     Housing                                                                   8
         Education
ED  1    Schools  Service  Population  Around  Parks                              9
ED  2    School  Enrollment  -­‐  Schools  Serving  Parks                         10
ED  3    Grades  2-­‐5  Students  Tested  Demographics                            12
ED  4    Grades  2-­‐5  English  Language  Arts  -­‐  Advanced  or  Proficient    13
ED  5    Grades  2-­‐5  Mathematics  -­‐  Advanced  or  Proficient                14
ED  6    Grades  6-­‐8  Students  Tested  Demographics                            15
ED  7    Grades  6-­‐8  English  Language  Arts  -­‐  Advanced  or  Proficient    16
ED  8    Grades  6-­‐8  Mathematics  -­‐  Advanced  or  Proficient                17
ED  9    Grades  9-­‐11  Students  Tested  Demographics                           18
ED  10   Grades  9-­‐11  English  Language  Arts  -­‐  Advanced  or  Proficient   19
ED  11   Grades  9-­‐11  Mathematics  -­‐  Advanced  or  Proficient               20
         Public  Safety
PS  1    City  of  Long  Beach                                                    21
PS  2    Area  Around  Drake  Park                                                22
PS  3    Area  Around  Admiral  Kidd  Park                                        23
PS  4    Area  Around  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  Park                           24




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2010 Summer Night Lights in Long Beach | A Case Study