The Solar System - Worksheet

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					Standards covered: Grade 5: 5a, 5b, 5c


                             Team Get S.E.T.
                          The Solar System

There are eight planets in our solar system, and each one
can be classified independently. There are different sizes,
shapes, and other characteristics of planets that help us
identify which planet is which. All planets orbit the Sun,
which is a star that is more massive than any planet in our solar system.

Purpose:

To help students better understand what planets are, including basic characteristics
about each of the eight planets, what the Sun is, and how the solar system works.

Learning Outcome:

Students will also get an overview of moons, asteroids, and comets. They will have
the opportunity to draw these other objects when they put the planets in order
using cutouts of the planets and Sun. The objective is to put the planets in order to
become familiar with the eight planets and their position in the solar system.

Materials Needed:

    1.   Planets and Sun cutout sheet (included)
    2.   Colored pencils, Crayons, or Markers
    3.   2 blank sheets of copy paper
    4.   Tape
    5.   Scissors
    6.   Glue
    7.   Pencil or Pen

Directions:

    1. Tape the two pieces of copy paper together so that you make one long sheet
       of paper.
    2. Color in each planet as well as the Sun.
    3. Using the dotted lines on the cutout sheet; cut out each planet and Sun.
    4. Starting with the Sun on the far left of your long sheet of paper, then, order
       the planets in which they appear by using the information and
       characterization sheet provided. You must read the information and
       characterization sheet in order to complete this project.
    5. Glue the Sun as well as each planet in the correct order and label each planet.
Standards covered: Grade 5: 5a, 5b, 5c


Questions:

    1. What is a planet?

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. What are the inner solar system planets? What are the outer solar system
       planets?

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Which planet is the smallest in the solar system?

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Which planet is the largest in the solar system?

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

    5. What is the Sun? What is it mostly made out of?

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

    6. What massive object does every planet orbit around?

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

    7. How many planets in our solar system have rings?

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

    8. How many planets in our solar system can sustain life (where humans,
       animals, and plants can live)? Which planet(s)?

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

    9. Bonus: Which two planets are the closest alike?

        _________________________________________________________________________________________

    10. Bonus: Name two other objects that are in our solar system.

        _________________________________________________________________________________________
Standards covered: Grade 5: 5a, 5b, 5c



                Information and Characterization Sheet

Planet:
A planet is a large, round object in our solar system that moves around a star, like
our sun.

Sun:
The sun is the central and largest body in the solar system. The Sun is an average
star that is composed primarily of hydrogen and helium. (In this project the
Sun/center of the solar system will be the left edge of your long sheet of paper).

Planets have a gravitational pull just like the Sun does. However, the Sun has a
greater gravitational pull than any other planet. Therefore, planets orbit around the
Sun. The Solar system has two sets of planets, the inner solar system and the outer
solar system. Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars are part of the inner solar system.
The outer solar system consists of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

Let’s start with the inner solar system first; these are known as terrestrial planets,
which are solid and real dense.

        A. Mercury is the innermost and smallest planet in the solar system. It is a
        dark grey rocky planet covered in dust. Mercury is made up of about 70%
        metallic and 30% silicate material.

        B. Venus is sometimes called Earth’s “sister planet” due to its similar size and
        gravitational pull. This yellowish white planet is the 2nd closest planet to the
        sun. Venus has the densest atmosphere of all the terrestrial planets in the
        solar system. This planet consists mostly of carbon dioxide.

        C. Earth is the planet that we live on and the only planet that can maintain
        life. It is the densest planet and the largest terrestrial planet. Earth is mostly
        made of iron and oxygen. 70% of Earth is covered in water and the other
        30% is dry hard land.

        D. Mars is a small rocky planet. It has carbon dioxide (dry ice) caps it its
        poles. Mars is famous for its red color.

The outer solar system has planets that are gaseous, giant planets known as Jovian
planets. Each of these planets has rings.

        E. Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system, so large that 1,000 Earths
        can fit inside of Jupiter. It is the closest outer planet to the Sun and is made
        mostly of hydrogen and helium gases and dust that give it its variety of
        orange, brown, and white colors. Jupiter has a giant hole, known as the Black
        Hole that has a gravitational pull greater than anything else in the universe.
Standards covered: Grade 5: 5a, 5b, 5c




        F. Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun. Saturn is well known for its giant
        rings made up of particles of ice, dust, and rocks. Saturn is made mostly of
        hydrogen and helium and is a tan color with hints of orange and yellowish
        brown.

        G. The third furthest planet from the Sun is Uranus. Uranus is another gas
        giant with many rings made up of black dust particles and large rocks.
        Uranus, unlike other planets in the soar system, spins on its side. It is mostly
        made up of methane, hydrogen, and helium and is a dark blue color.

        H. Neptune is furthest planet from the Sun. It is the smallest gas giant and is a
        bright blue color. Neptune is mostly made up of hydrogen and helium.


There are moons, which are natural satellites that orbit a planet. Moons are smaller
than there parent planet. Draw these moons as small circles around the parent
planet.

        Mercury has no moons.
        Venus has no moons.
        Earth has 1 moon.
        Mars has 2 moons.
        Jupiter has 16 moons.
        Saturn has 18 moons.
        Uranus has 15 moons.
        Neptune has 8 moons.


Not only are there planets and the Sun in the solar system, but also many other
smaller objects, such as asteroids and comets in our solar system. Try drawing them
on sheet of paper after you place your planets.

An asteroid is a small rocky body orbiting the sun. Large numbers of these, ranging
in size across to dust particles, are found between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter;
this is called the asteroid belt. Draw many asteroids in a line between Mars and
Jupiter, this will be your asteroid belt.

A comet is an object consisting of ice and dust. When near the sun, a “tail” of gas and
dust particles point away from the Sun. It looks like a shooting star that points at the
sun. Try and draw comets in your solar system. Remember, they are very small
compared to the sun.
Standards covered: Grade 5: 5a, 5b, 5c

				
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posted:4/9/2012
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