Incorporating an IPM Approach
VelRey Lozano, IPM Coordinator, EPA Region 8
Common sense approach to managing pests
and pest control
It’s a safer and more cost effective solution to
Useful in all situations; schools, homes, working establishments
Children spend up to 80% of their time in
IPM is important because it looks for the best
way to manage pest problems with the least
possible damage to the environment, people
and even property.
IPM programs take advantage of all pest
management strategies, including judicious
careful use of pesticides when necessary.
Potentially bed bugs
70-93% use pesticide
applications or as-needed
What is the pest?
Where is it coming from?
Why is it coming?
German Cockroach vs. Oriental Cockroach
Pharaoh Ant vs. Pavement Ant
European Paper Wasp vs. Yellow Jackets
Identification is necessary for deciding how you are going to
manage your pest problem
Part of an IPM program is setting pest threshold
levels or tolerance levels.
◦ Installing door sweeps
◦ Using storage containers
◦ Trash handling
◦ Modifying food access
◦ Minimizing materials
◦ Mowing heights
◦ Watering regimen
◦ Fertilizer selection
◦ Rock and mulch barriers
◦ Plant selection and maintenance
Ask them how they treat pest problems.
◦ They need to identify the pest
Ask them about the products they use
◦ They should provide MSDS info on chemicals used
Don’t expect a PCO to ”do it all.”
◦ Pest management in your school depends on all
Depends on how you are measuring costs?
Effectiveness of program, safety in pesticide
reduction, reduction in illness
Time, materials costs, routine monitoring
The future of School IPM
◦ 5 year plan to implement “Verifiable” School
Integrated Pest Management Programs
◦ EPA is developing national standards for IPM so
understanding of the program expands and is
◦ R8 – Support and expand the number of schools
who are implementing “verifiable IPM”
Bleach - - Ammonia - - Acetone
VelRey Lozano, IPM Coordinator
EPA Region 8 (8P-P3T)
1595 Wynkoop Street
Denver, CO 80202-1129
How to identify bed bugs
How to solve problem/What to do
A FEW BED BUG MYTHS
“Only “dirty people” get bed bugs.”
“Bed bugs are only found in places like
apartments where people are crowded
“Bed bugs are only a problem for low –
Adult bed bugs are visible to the naked eye
They are brown and about ¼ – 3/8” long
when full - grown.
In the nymph stages, bed bugs are whitish
and smaller, but they are still often visible.
They don't fly, but they are adept crawlers,
and they move FAST! –They scatter quickly if
Your school needs to decide upon and
develop a bed bug awareness program.
Providing identification information is the
best info to provide.
The biggest issue with bed bugs in schools is
ostracizing students if they are suspected of
having bed bugs.