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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

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					        A Day in the Life of a
    Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

      International Safeguards
    Video Training Lecture Series
         June - August, 2010
                   Philip Casey Durst
 Durst Nuclear Engineering and Consulting Inc. (DNE)*
*Consultants to the U.S. DOE Idaho National Laboratory
                     A Day in the Life of a
                 Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Background of Program
•   The United States seeks to build a new generation of Nuclear
    Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Experts
•   The current experts are Aging
•   This Lecture Series is funded by the U.S. DOE/National Nuclear
    Security Administration (NNSA) Office of NA-24
•   The United States actively and energetically supports a policy of
    Nuclear Non-Proliferation through effective International Nuclear
    Safeguards implemented by the International Atomic Energy Agency
    (IAEA)
•   Consequently, NNSA has developed the Next Generation Safeguards
    Initiative (NGSI) to help recruit and train Americans for the IAEA
•   The purpose of this Lecture Series is to aid that effort

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                     A Day in the Life of a
                 Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Background of Speaker

•   Chemical Engineer by degree
•   Nuclear-Chemical Engineer and Safeguards Expert by experience
•   32 years in Industry (Rockwell Hanford, Exxon Nuclear Idaho, Boeing,
    Battelle, and the IAEA)
•   15 Years as a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector, Sr. Inspector, and
    Country Officer with the IAEA in Vienna and Tokyo
•   Chief Engineer for Durst Nuclear Engineering and Consulting Inc.
    (DNE); Head of DNE Training in North America
•   Consultant to the U.S. DOE Idaho National Laboratory (INL) on
    International Safeguards issues


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                      A Day in the Life of a
                  Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Background Regarding the IAEA

•   The IAEA is a United Nations Organization based in Vienna, Austria
•   The IAEA verifies that countries are compliant with their International
    Agreements regarding the safeguarding of their nuclear material and
    facilities
•   These Agreements are concluded pursuant to the Treaty on the Non-
    Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)
•   The IAEA Department of Safeguards has 250 designated safeguards
    inspectors for this purpose
•   The IAEA continuously recruits for this position
•   The International Safeguards Project Office at BNL supports the
    recruitment of Americans for the IAEA - at www.bnl.gov/ispo

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                      A Day in the Life of a
                  Nuclear Safeguards Inspector
    (The following is an example of a day in the life of an IAEA International
    Nuclear Safeguards Inspector based in a field office. It is representative
    of a typical “Day in the Life” of an IAEA Inspector.)

The Call:
•   The call is received at home (e.g. from the Head of the Tokyo Regional
    Office ca. 20:00, Sunday)
•   A Design Information Examination and Verification activity (DIE/DIV)
    needs to be performed at Rokkashomura in Northern Japan - due to
    acceleration of the facility construction schedule
•   Safeguards Inspectors perform DIE/DIV activities to verify that nuclear
    facilities are being constructed and operated as declared – and to
    detect safeguards relevant changes
•   The inspector must immediately plan the logistics of traveling to the
    location, as well as acquire the DIV Plan, procedures, and supplies for
    performing the inspection
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                      A Day in the Life of a
                  Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Early Morning Preparations and Run to the Office:
•   04:30 – Wake-up at apartment
•   06:00 – Quick stop at the IAEA Tokyo Regional Office:
      – Need to pick up a copy of the DIV Plan, the procedure for operating
         the 3-Dimensional Laser Range Finder (3DLR), seals, working
         papers, and other supplies
•   07:00 - Run to the Ueno train station and purchase tickets for the bullet
    train to travel to Hachinoe (near Misawa)
      – Communication is in mixed Japanese and English
•   07:30 – Book train trip to Misawa
•   07:45 – Grab boxed breakfast at station kiosk
•   08:00 - Depart for Misawa (via Hachinoe) from Ueno Station


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                    A Day in the Life of a
                Nuclear Safeguards Inspector
Examples of Typical DIV Plan Activities:
(IAEA Safeguards Manual - SMI 4.1)
• ED – General examination of design Information
• GD – Examination and verification of siting and general building design
• CD – Examination and verification of process and/or containment
• UD – Examination and verification of utility/support design
• ED – Examination and verification of essential equipment
• MF – Examination and verification of nuclear material flow design
• ML – Examination and verification of nuclear material location design
• NM – Examination and verification of nuclear material characteristics
• CS – Examination and verification of containment integrity
• OM – Verification of operator’s measurement system
• OP – Examination and verification of operating procedures
• OR – Examination and verification of operating records
• Etc.                                                                  7
                     A Day in the Life of a
                 Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Travel to Inspection Location - Early Morning Train and Taxi
   Rides
•   10:30 – Arrival in Misawa
•   11:00 – Travel to the Rokkashomura Reprocessing Plant (RRP) Site for
    DIV by Taxi
•   12:00 – Arrival at RRP Site
•   12:15 – Badge-in and escort from facility gate to the inspector’s shift
    office
•   12:30 to 13:00 – Take lunch in the company cafeteria
•   13:15 to 13:30 - Unpack 3DLR and start of DIE/DIV activity with
    Operator’s support and escort



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                     A Day in the Life of a
                 Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Perform DIE/DIV Activity and Inspection
•   Need to survey and scan selected process cells under construction to
    confirm the construction matches the declared design, using the 3DLR
    and/or hand tools
•   13:30 – Access facility change room and don protective clothing and
    equipment
•   13:45 – Acquire radiation dosimeter from Health Physics Office
•   14:00 – Proceed to process cells to be verified
•   14:15 to16:15 – Scan process cells using the 3DLR, or use hand-tools
    and blueprints as required
•   16:30 – Return to the IAEA Inspector’s shift office
     – File the working papers and 3DLR computerized media for the
        DIE/DIV activity in the appropriate cabinet
     – Secure DIV files with an IAEA seal
                                                                       9
        A Day in the Life of a
    Nuclear Safeguards Inspector
(3DLR Units; Source – European Commission JRC-Ispra, 2009)




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                     A Day in the Life of a
                 Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Wrap up Inspection and Return Home

•   17:00 – Resolve apparent discrepancies and anomalies with the facility
    operator regarding any safeguards relevant changes in the facility
    construction versus the declared design
•   17:30 – Leave RRP for Misawa
•   18:30 – Arrive in Hachinoe/Misawa by Taxi
•   19: 20 – Travel from Hachinoe to Tokyo by train
•   21:30 – Arrive in Tokyo
•   22:00 – Arrive at apartment by Taxi
•   22:30 – Stow and secure inspection briefcase and supplies



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                     A Day in the Life of a
                 Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

The Next Day – File Inspection Report
•   08:30 – Arrive at the IAEA Tokyo Regional Office
•   10:00 – File the Computerized Inspection Report (CIR) on-line using a
    secured computer connection with IAEA Vienna/HQ
•   12:30 – File notes for the next scheduled Debriefing – to discuss the
    inspection and DIE/DIV
•   17:00 – Call the Facility Officer at IAEA Vienna/HQ regarding any
    important issues discovered during the inspection (i.e. discrepancies
    and/or anomalies)
•   17:30 – Leave the office to return to the apartment,….and prepare for
    another day




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                      An Inspector’s Life
For the Record
•   IAEA inspectors spend between 80 to 120 days in the field (on the
    order of 1/3 of a year)
•   This includes weekend days, holidays, and summer vacation days
•   The business travel puts considerable demands on families,
    relationships, and child-rearing
•   Regardless, the job is very, very rewarding and fulfilling
•   Engineers, Physicists, Chemists, Accountants, Analysts, and other
    professionals interested in Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Nuclear
    Safeguards are all needed and recruited – see www.bnl.gov/ispo for
    more details
•   Contact me at: casey@durstnuclear.com, if you have additional
    questions


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