EXTENSION NEWSWATAU G A CO U NT Y C ENTE R
Volume 9, Issue 3 Winter 2009
Inside This New County
40 Years ............................Page 2
Plants to Enjoy.................Page 3
Operation Med Cabinet ...Page 3
After over a yearlong
How Much Feed? .............Page 4 vacancy, we are pleased
to announce that the po-
Time to Prune? ................Page 5 sition of Watauga County
Extension Director has
Stress-Free Cooking .......Page 6 been ﬁlled. Jim Hamil-
ton has accepted the po-
4-H Dream Come True .....Page 7 sition.
Hamilton is no stranger to Watauga
Eat Smart ..........................Page 7 County and Cooperative Extension as he
worked previously as the Christmas Tree
Calendar ...........................Page 8 Agent for almost three years before taking a
faculty position at Alabama A&M University
in 2005. However, Hamilton says his love of
Contact Us the mountains brought him back to western
North Carolina after just a year. Jim has been
at Haywood Community College since 2006
Watauga County Center
serving as the college’s Forestry Program Co-
971 West King Street ordinator and Grant Writer. He was recently
Boone, N.C. 28607 awarded the 2009 Master Teacher Award for FRONT ROW, L-R: Margie Mansure, Karee Mackey, Meghan Baker, Kathy Lee
(828) 264-3061 (Phone) the college. BACK ROW, L-R: Eddy Labus, Richard Boylan, Wendy Patoprsty, Susanne Winebarger
(828) 264-3067 (Fax) Hamilton has worn many hats and brings
Website: watauga.ces.ncsu.edu/ experience from a diverse background to his diversiﬁcation, and pesticide safety. As a management practice combining timber with
new position as County Extension Director. worker-training consultant with the Michigan livestock production.
Cooperative Extension, NC Cooperative Ex- Hamilton says he is looking forward to
He received a Bachelor’s degree from the
University of the South in Sewanee, Tennes- tension, and the Southern Coastal Agromedi- being back in the Boone ofﬁce and serving
see, in Natural Resources and Anthropology cine Center, he expanded an outreach model Watauga County as its new Extension Direc-
County Staff and earned a Master’s degree from Auburn
University and a doctorate from North Caro-
for Integrated Pest Management and pesti-
cide/farm safety education for the Christmas
tor. Having worked with most of the current
staff, he feels welcome coming into the posi-
CURRENTLY VACANT, Watauga County Ex- lina State University in Forestry. tree industry. While at Haywood Commu- tion. He and his wife, Silvi, have two sons,
tension Director. Responsibilities: Administra- His experience in the Peace Corps in nity College, Hamilton gained proﬁciency in Cristian and Lucas. In his spare time, you can
tion, Community and Economic Development South America led him to his career in edu- online course development and collaborated ﬁnd Hamilton enjoying the outdoors with his
EDDY LABUS, Extension Agent, Agriculture, cation and Extension. As a Peace Corps with the National Agroforestry Center to edit boys or on the racquetball court.
Responsibilities: Livestock, Tobacco, Field and and develop a handbook and online training We hope you will join us in welcoming
Forage Crops, Pesticide Education. Volunteer and Trainer, he worked on various
RICHARD BOYLAN, Extension Area outreach projects such as beekeeping, small course for landowners and natural resource Jim to our ofﬁce and county.
Specialized Agent, Agriculture. Responsibilites: tree nursery, soil conservation methods, crop professionals interested in silvopasture -- a
MELANIE CASHION, Program Assistant.
Agents Educate the Public
Responsibilites: Expanded Food & Nutrition
Education Program (EFNEP)
MARGIE MANSURE, Extension Agent,
Family & Consumer Sciences. Responsibilities:
Family & Consumer Education focusing on
Nutrition & Wellness In our county centers across the state, provide publications, newsletters, computer • Strengthening and sustaining
WENDY PATOPRSTY, Extension Agent,
Natural Resources. Responsibilities: Watershed
county Extension agents are the bridge be- programs, videotapes and other educational families
Protection in Watauga County tween the state’s people and Extension spe- materials. • Developing responsible youth
KAREE MACKEY, Extension Agent, 4-H Youth cialists working at the state’s land-grant uni- Our educational programs focus upon: • Building quality communities, and
Development. Responsibilities: 4-H and Youth versities. Agents educate the public through • Conserving and improving the
MEGHAN BAKER, Extension Agent, meetings and workshops, ﬁeld days, personal • Enhancing agricultural, forest and environment and natural resources.
Agriculture. Responsibilities: Christmas Trees,
Commercial and Consumer Horticulture consultations and other broadcasts. They also food systems
KATHY LEE, Extension Secretary.
Responsibilites: Family and Consumer Education,
4-H, Community and Economic Development
SUSANNE WINEBARGER, Administrative
Secretary. Responsibilities: Administration,
Watauga County Advisory Leadership Council Members
Agriculture, Community and Economic Betsy Anderson Al Childers Bill Herring Nancy Reigel
Bryan Belcher Loana Childers Winston Kinsey Bill Sherwood
Elaine Brookshire Lillian Danner Richard McDonald Carrie Steury
Cheryl Brown Diane Deal Kathleen McFadden Scott Suddreth
North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T Jim Buchanan Dick Hearn Bill Moretz Marcia Alayon
State University commit themselves to positive action to
secure equal opportunity regardless of race, color, creed, Jim Bryan Joan Hearn Diane Price
national origin, religion, sex, age, veteran status, or dis-
ability. In addition, the two Universities welcome all per-
sons without regard to sexual orientation. North Carolina Visit Us Online at:
State University, North Carolina A&T State University, U.S.
Department of Agriculture, and local governments coop-
erating. The use of brand names in this publication does
not imply endorsement by the North Carolina Coopera-
tive Extension Service of the products or services named
nor discrimination against similar products or services not
EXTENSION NEWS CORNER FALL/WINTER 2009
For the last couple of years, the Farm City Planning Committee has had the idea of creating a more family-oriented, on-the-
farm, picnic sort of atmosphere for the Farm City Banquet. That was enacted this year with a change of venue.
The 54th annual Farm City Celebration was held on Saturday, August 15 at the Blair Farm. The event was moved to an earlier
date in the year so it could be outdoors and include activities and exhibits for families in addition to the traditional awards and
banquet. Exhibits included farm animals, beekeepers, Christmas tree growers and more. During the awards ceremony, individuals
and groups were recognized for their involvement in agriculture and the community.
It was a successful event, which received positive feedback. The committee would like to try the new venue for a year or two
more and see how it grows.
(ABOVE) The Blue Ridge Fiber Guild pro-
vided a carding, spinning and weaving dem-
(FAR LEFT) Lee Rankin received The Wom-
an in Agriculture Award.
(MIDDLE) The Farm and Food Steward
Award went to Bill Moretz. (On Right).
(RIGHT) Amy Johnston received the Bee-
keeper of the Year Award.
AGRICULTURE, NATURAL RESOURCES & ENVIRONMENT
WHAT 40 YEARS AS A COUNTRY VET WILL TEACH YOU
by Robert McCrory, DVM
- Get pasture before you get animals. - You can afford to pay for a bull what ﬁve and the big old cow dies in labor.
- A cull is a cull no matter what the pa- - Reduce the herd to ﬁt your feed supply. - The eye of the master fatteneth the cattle.
pers say. Too many animals of all types - Lease a good bull or co-op with a neighbor It’s all about skill.
are kept simply because they are regis- - The time to fatten a cow is before she but by all means get the best bull possible.
tered. gets too poor. - The falling tree always hits the newest
- A feedlot grain-tested bull will never fence.
- Make excuses for a heifer and you will have - A thin cow may be a credit to her and a live long enough to overcome the bad
to apologize for the herd. To make prog- discredit to you. effects of the experience. - Build a bull proof fence then add a hot wire
ress you must subtract as well as add. on both sides. Good fences make good
- Enter winter with ﬂesh on the cow and - A cheap bull is the most expensive animal neighbors. Everybody has an SOB for a
- The time to sell is when someone wants cover on the pasture. Stockpiled forage on the place. neighbor. Even your neighbor!
to buy. It’s better to sell a good one too is as good as stored hay.
high than a poor one too cheap. - Everyone brags on your cattle to your - Sale barns are for selling, not buying.
- Learning about the cattle business from a face.
- A steer an inch longer is an inch heavier. A cow trader is like learning about poker from - A good name is better to have than great
steer an inch taller is an inch taller. a gambler. - Aged cows may be a good way to get into riches. Riches can be regained but not a
some good animals. good name.
- If you pick over a man’s herd and select - If she has pones she should be gone.
his biggest, he will be happy. - Your neighbor won’t buy from you be- - Never deal with a person who thinks ev-
- If it is not convenient, it won’t get done. cause it infers that your animals are bet- eryone else is a crook.
- The herdsman will tell you which animal is ter than his.
best if you lead him right. - Put the working pens where cows want - The best thing about the cow business is
to go. - Eternal vigilance is the price of AI. the people you will meet. Bad cow people
- Check the performance and production don’t last long.
history of a registered animal before - Filter material and rock to prevent mud are - The ugliest cow is always the best pro-
you look at the animal. good long-term investments. ducer - otherwise you would have sold - Job grazing saves bush hogging fuel
her. and labor and improves the pasture.
- Energy is the most lacking nutrient. Don’t - A $6.00 bucket is better than a $10,000
work yourself to death paying for conve- Quarter Horse for rounding up cattle. - People with thin cattle worry about foun- - Some people feel guilty if they are not
nience. dering. People with obese animals claim working themselves to death in the cattle
- Long feet and corns should be treated with they never feed them. business. The smart ones let the cows do
- It’s hard to cut hay too early. a ride in the stock trailer. the work.
- Inconvenience has lost many an ani-
- Too much hay is seldom a problem. - Cattle handling equipment is sometimes mal. (Courtesy of The Stockman GrassFarmer, The
made for ease of construction and not Grazier’s Edge, October, 2009, Volume 10, #9)
- All hay is not created equal. for safety and efﬁcient use. - The owning of one cow requires the pres- For a free issue of The Stock GrassFarmer call
ence of a pen and head catcher. 1-800-748-9808.
- Buying hay by the bale is like buying bulls - If your customer fails to make money on
by color. your cattle so will you. - The smaller heifer typically calves okay
AGRICULTURE, NATURAL RESOURCES & ENVIRONMENT Page 3
Organic Gardening 101 NCDA&CS Announces Online Soil
Tests and Agronomic Reports
The next Organic Gardening 101 series will be held ing herbs, landscape planning and edible landscaping.
June 21- 24, 2010, 9 A.M. until 12:30 PM. The series Classes will be held at the ASU Sustainable Develop-
is designed for beginning gardeners or those who would ment Farm in Valle Crucis, N.C. Cost is $20 for all four
like to switch to organic methods. Topics include garden days. Reserve your spot by paying in advance at the NC Beginning November 1, the N.C. Department all clients via e-mail when their reports are available
planning, seed starting, companion planting, how to at- Cooperative Extension, 971 West King Street in Boone. of Agriculture and Consumer Services will no longer online. Clients who provide a valid e-mail address
tract beneficial bugs, pest management, soil tests and For more information call 264-3061. routinely mail out paper copies of agronomic reports. on their sample information form or who register an
amendments, composting and vermi-composting, grow- This policy will apply to reports for soil tests and e-mail address with the Agronomic Division online,
nematode assays, as well as plant tissue, waste, solu- can receive electronic notiﬁcation. In the interim, all
Financial Opportunities for North
tion and soilless media analyses. All these reports are other clients will receive a postcard with instructions
readily available through the NCDA&CS Agronomic on how to ﬁnd their reports.
Division’s website, www.ncagr.gov/agronomi. Clients who visit the Agronomic Division home
“By making the switch to electronic-only reports, page should select the “Find Your Report” link from
Carolina’s Forest Landowners
the NCDA&CS will work within its limited budget the left-column navigation bar. This link takes visitors
to save signiﬁcantly on postage, printing and paper into the division’s laboratory information site, known
costs,” said Dr. Colleen Hudak-Wise, director of the as PALS. For most people, using the “Quick Report
Agronomic Division. “Although environmental and Search” link is the most convenient way to access re-
ﬁscal beneﬁts are driving this change, clients should ports. Basic instructions are outlined at www.ncagr.
by Robert Bardon, PhD., Department Extension Lead- Agency (FSA), and have a management plan. To ﬁnd also see increases in convenience and efﬁciency. On- gov/agronomi/reportsearch.htm. Anyone who has
er and Associate Professor, Department of Forestry the nearest ofﬁce, visit the following websites: line reports are available to clients faster than mailed difﬁculty using the PALS report-search feature or has
and Environmental Resources, NC State University. reports and make record keeping much easier.” questions can call (919) 733-2655 for assistance dur-
• NRCS ofﬁces in NC: www.nc.nrcs.usda.gov/ Eventually, the NCDA&CS would like to notify ing regular weekday ofﬁce hours.
This past year, North Carolina woodland owners
became eligible to participate in expanded cost share
• FSA ofﬁces in NC: www.ofﬁces.sc.egov.usda.
programs focusing on woodland management prac-
tices that protect water quality from non-point pollut-
ants; conserve ground & sur-
The management plan
face water resources; improve
is a site-speciﬁc plan that is
forest health and biodiversity;
prepared by a professional re-
and reduce soil erosion from
source manager and approved
agricultural and forest lands.
by NRCS. The plan outlines
This opportunity for wood-
the values and goals a wood-
land owners is the result of the
land owner has for their prop-
“Food, Conservation, and En-
erty and how they will manage
ergy Act of 2008”, also known
the woodlands for long-term
as the 2008 Farm bill.
sustainability. These values
Under the Farm bill two
can include wildlife, recre- Winter is often considered a time of blandness in
main working lands conserva-
ation, aesthetics, timber, wa- the landscape; however, there are many plant species
tion programs, Environmental
tershed protection, and others. that provide wonderful visual appeal during the winter
Quality Incentives Program
To be eligible for NRCS cost- months. Take for example the plant known as Winter-
(EQIP) and Wildlife Habitat
share programs, you will need berry, Ilex verticillata, which is a deciduous holly that
Incentives Program (WHIP),
to ensure that your current plan develops bright red berries along the stems in the fall.
were expanded to include for-
includes speciﬁc information Berries persist for many months and can provide food
estry. These programs provide
on forest management, con- for hungry birds during the depths of winter. Win-
cost-share assistance to land-
servation practices, and an terberry usually grows to a height and width of eight
owners whose future plans
updated map that clearly in- feet and has a suckering habit that is best highlighted
or goals for their property in-
dicates locations of proposed in mass plantings. At home in both full sun and part
cost-share practices. Work with your forester and local shade, Winterberry does best in moist to wet soils
NRCS ofﬁce to ensure your plan has all necessary in- though can tolerate a range of soil conditions. Like
• Conserving soil and water resources
formation. To get assistance with plan development, all hollies, at least one male plant is needed to produce
• Establishing wildlife habitat
• Sustaining your woodlands
contact your local NRCS ofﬁce, NC Division of For- fruit on female plants. During the growing season, it Winterberry, Ilex verticillata
est Resources, The wildlife Resource Commission, or provides nectar for hummingbirds and is a host plant
• Implementing your forest management plan
seek assistance from a professional consulting forester for butterﬂy larvae. plant for both butterﬂies and pollinators and are a host
or industry forester. Red Twig Dogwood, Cornus sericea, is also an
These programs are administered by the Natural plant for butterﬂy larvae. They thrive in moist soils
To learn more about these programs and other attractive shrub providing winter interest. Also called
Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) and provide and can adapt to both full sun to part shade.
opportunities related to the Farm bill, contact the fol- Red Stem or Red Osier Dogwood, this plant species
government funds to share the cost of implementing Cinnamonbark Clethra (Clethra acuminata), also
lowing agencies: the Farm Service Agency (FSA) and displays bare, bright red stems in the winter on ju-
your forest management plan. To participate in these called Mountain Pepperbush, is a great choice for a
the Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), venile branches. To maintain the intensity of the red
programs, landowners will need to sign up with US small showy shrub. Reaching a mature height of 12-
both of which are conveniently located at 971 West coloration, mature plants are often pruned back to the
Department of Agriculture NRCS, have a farm num- 20 feet tall, Cinnamonbark Clethra gets the name from
King Street in Boone, NC. ground in early spring and young plants are pruned
ber which can be obtained from the Farm Service the peeling bark that reveals mottled coloration as the
every other year. Red Twig Dogwoods reach a mature inner bark becomes visible. Through pruning, this
height similar to that of Winterberry and are a great species can be trained into a shrub or tree-like form.
Practices EQIP WHIP choice for forming masses on banks, as they also have
(Focus on wildlife) Adaptable to both sun and shade, this plant can be at
a suckering habit. home as an understory plant under larger trees or as
Two Hawthorne species, Washington Hawthorne a focal point in the open landscape. Moist soils with
Forest Stand Improvement X X (Crataegus phaenopyrum) and Winter King Green
Tree/Shrub Establishment X X good drainage are ideal, but drier soil conditions are
Hawthorne (Crataegus viridis ‘Winter King’) both tolerated. Clethras are excellent for supporting wild-
Restoration & Management X provide an attractive branch architecture enhanced by
Critical Area Treatment (erosion in forests) X X life, as they provide nectar for bees, butterﬂies, and
glossy red fruits that persist all winter long. Both spe- hummingbirds, and the seeds are great for birds.
Firebreak X X cies grow to a mature height of about 20 feet with a
Fuel Break (in conjunction w/ﬁrebreak) X X Keep an eye out for these visually exciting plant
similar width. On older stems, the branches of ‘Win- species during the cold winter months, and consider
Prescribed Burning X X ter King’ exfoliate and provide a medley of muted adding one or more of these species to your landscape
coloration. Hawthornes are also an important nectar for next year.
OPERATION MEDICINE CABINET A HUGE SUCCESS!
Law Enforcement ofﬁcials and river conser- Blowing Rock, Boone and Seven Devils Police De- success, and it will probably be an annual event now what to do with all these drugs. I am so grateful that
vationists collected a large amount of drugs during partments participated in the joint operation at four that we see the outcome of what was produced today.” our law enforcement is pro-actively keeping prescrip-
Watauga County’s ﬁrst ever prescription drug take- separate locations. More than one and a half 55-gallon drums were ﬁlled tion drugs out of teenagers hands.”
back event on Saturday, October 3, 2009. The hugely Approximately 56 people turned in their expired, with drugs dropped off by residents in the region. Volunteer Crystal Simmons said, “Operation
successful event captured approximately 40,000 pills, unwanted and unused medications for safe destruction. “I am so happy y’all are doing this,” said one par- Medicine Cabinet is a result of a MountainKeepers
12 gallons of liquid medication, 2,000 sharps-needles, Drugs collected included hydrocodone, oxycodone, ticipant [names are withheld to protect anonymity]. “It resiliency meeting on January 24, 2009. For the High
syringes and lancets, and a glucose meter. These phar- blood thinners, anti-allergens, iodine, insulin, antibi- makes so much sense for the health and well being of Country to create such an event is a real testament
maceutical drugs have been incinerated in an EPA-ap- otics, steroids, hormones, anti-depressants, cough syr- our kids and the planet - what a wonderful program.” to our commitment to a healthier environment and a
proved facility. up, topical creams, over-the-counter medications, ﬂu Other positive responses to the event included, safer community. I give kudos to all the volunteers
More than 18 volunteers and 8 members of law vaccinations, heart, blood pressure, cancer and heart- “I needed to get rid of the out-of-date drugs, because I that helped make this event happen and to the people
enforcement from the Watauga County Sheriff’s burn medicine and even some pet medications. Boone don’t want prescription drugs around my teenage son” that turned out to responsibly dispose of unused phar-
Department, the State Bureau of Investigation, and Patrol Ofﬁcer Toby Ragan said, “I feel it was a great and “Thank you so much for doing this. I didn’t know Continued On Next Page
AGRICULTURE, NATURAL RESOURCES & ENVIRONMENT FALL/WINTER 2009
Results of the Watauga River
Clean Up on Sept. 12, 2009
Thank you to all the volunteers who got stinky, much more. It’s disappointing to see so much trash
dirty, and wet picking up trash in the High Country’s every year, but it is awesome to see the volunteers
waterways. It is amazing what a group of people can getting out there and cleaning up.
accomplish in a few hours working together! The Watauga County Cooperative Exten-
Volunteers set an all-time record this year with sion would like to thank all of this year’s Watauga
pounds of trash collected. 172 volunteers covered River Clean Up sponsors, partners, and volunteers:
the river from Foscoe down to Guy Ford Road in River and Earth Adventures, Appalachian Angler,
Bethel. Over 6,000 pounds of trash was extracted Watauga River Anglers, Foscoe Fishing Company,
from the Watauga River and its banks. Everything Upper Watauga Riverkeeper, Watauga River Con-
from lawn mowers, car parts, bed springs, kids’ toys, servation Partners, High Country Waste Solutions,
construction materials, and, of course, a large vol- GDS, PACT, Footsloggers, EarthFare, Mast General
ume of beer bottles and cans. Volunteers harvested Store, Watauga County Sanitation, MountainKeep-
15 tires, some with the rims and hubcaps still in tact. ers, Watauga County DOT, Valle Crucis Commu-
The Riverkeeper and ASU Geography Club set up a nity Park, ASU Outdoor Programs, ASU Geography
Z-line to pull one of the tires out! Club, ASU First Year Seminar Students, Teaching
The Watauga River is our playground all year Fellows, the Outdoor Residential Learning Commu-
long, from swimming and tubing to ﬁshing, loung- nity, the ASU ACT program, and many, many more
ing, birding, wading, photography, boating, and community volunteers.
Continued From Page 3 ing, the Smoky Mountain Center, Towns of Boone,
maceuticals.” Blowing Rock and Seven Devils, the Watauga County
Community partners who helped make the event Sheriff’s Ofﬁce, Boone Police, the State Bureau of
such a great success included the MountainKeepers, Investigation, Blowing Rock Police, Seven Devils Po-
Watauga River Conservation Partners, Boone Drug, lice, the Drug Enforcement Administration, and Ap-
Watauga County Recycling/Solid Waste Department, palachian State University.
Watauga Riverkeeper/Appalachian Voices, Food Lion, The team is working on details to have another
The National Committee for the New River, MPrints, collection in the spring to coincide with the Watauga
NC Cooperative Extension Service, Precision Print- County Hazardous Waste Day on May 22, 2010.
ASU Geography Club teamed up with The Watauga Riverkeepers to ﬁnish up the Watauga River clean up
at Guy Ford Road in Bethel. Photo by Mike Mayﬁeld
HOW MUCH FEED IS ENOUGH?
HOW TO LIMIT HAY INTAKE
I am often asked this time of year, “How much who sold the baler told you the maximum weight the and you have 50 cows. You want to feed those cows can eat at the same time. Therefore, multiple hay bale
hay do I need to feed?” Beef cows need a sufﬁcient baler can manage, but this isn’t necessarily the weight 10 lbs. of hay each, so you need to feed 1/2 of the bale. feeders may be needed. However, with the price of
amount of long stem hay to stimulate rumen function of your bales. Rolls vary in weight due to forage va- On the ﬁrst day, you roll out the outer 8 inches of the hay, you can afford to buy a couple of new hay feed-
and salivation. Salivation is critical to maintaining the riety, moisture, and the humidity when rolled. It is a bale. On the second day, you roll out the rest. Wast- ers.
rumen at the correct pH. A minimum of 5 pounds of good idea to weigh your bales when you start to feed; age is still a factor with unrolling. Cows and calves One very simple method that does not save as
hay per cow per day is needed. it is best to weigh a couple of bales and calculate an will trample and soil about 5 to 10 percent of the hay much hay as other methods but allows most produc-
Back when small, square bales were commonly average. unrolled. In high winds, you may be feeding the ers to achieve some reduction in hay usage is called
fed, limiting intake was easy. Knowing the weight of The number one way to limit hay intake is to feed neighbor’s cows. Losses due to waste are increased two on one off. Cows are fed all the hay they want
the bales, it was simple to ﬁgure the cow’s needs and with a bale processor that unrolls or delivers a precise in wet or snowy conditions. for two days, and then hay feeding is skipped on the
then feed the correct amount of hay by weight. With amount of feed. These machines are very expensive Another method is by limiting access to hay for third day. Cows should be fed any supplemental feed
the large bales of hay fed today, limiting hay intake and are not practical except for the largest operations. only a few hours per day, then moving cattle to an ad- as normally fed on the skipped day. Skipping a day
is more difﬁcult. The ﬁrst step Unrolling hay is the second most precise method we jacent pasture. This method is extremely effective for of hay feeding if supplements such as corn gluten are
is to know how much the have to limit hay. This sounds easy enough; just un- smaller herds. Temporary fences can be used to limit fed will not compromise cow performance. Cows will
bales you are feeding roll the amount of hay you wish to feed. This is not access to the hay feeding area if they are maintained have sufﬁcient rumen ﬁll to continue to have cud to
weigh. The as easy as it sounds; let’s look at the math. In a 5 ft. with an adequate charge. chew and produce extra heat for fermentation on the
g u y diameter bale, 1/3 of the hay is in the outer 4 inches Recent research from the University of Illinois day without hay. It takes 48 to 72 hours for the rumen
and 1/2 of the hay in the bale is in the outer indicates that as little as three hours of access is to empty if cattle receive no feed.
8 inches. For example, you have a 5 x needed with high quality hay, and six to nine hours It is critical that with all of these methods, con-
5 bale that weighs 1,000 lbs. of access is needed for sideration is given for weather conditions. If a week
medium quality hays of extremely cold weather is predicted, then limiting
to achieve cow perfor- hay intake may not be the best idea. During these ex-
mance similar to un- treme periods, using more hay will provide additional
limited access. In this nutrients needed by the cattle. In addition, cow body
particular research, condition should be monitored throughout the winter
hay was the only feed and feeding practices adjusted to maintain a body con-
offered to these gestat- dition score of 5 to 6.
ing cows. If hay is to There are several affordable feeds that can help
be stretched by feed- stretch hay supplies or improve nutrition while feed-
ing by-products, then ing hay that may have been put up after being rained
three to four hours on. The ﬁrst starting point is to take a forage sample.
may be sufﬁcient. It
is important that there (Information from “Limiting Hay Intake by
are enough feeding Cows”, Dr. John B. Hall, Extension Beef Specialist,
locations so all cows VA Tech)
AGRICULTURE, NATURAL RESOURCES & ENVIRONMENT Page 5
WINTER IS THE TIME TO PRUNE APPLE TREES,
BLUEBERRIES, AND OTHER FRUITS
If you have plantings of apples, blueberries, and other types of Boone) on Thursday, February 4, 2010. The workshop will be
fruits, winter can be nearly as busy as the growing season, as dor- led by NCSU Specialist Bill Cline, with assistance from Watauga
mant-season pruning is essential for the long-term health of many County Extension Agent Meghan Baker, Ashe County Extension
fruit-bearing plants. Winter pruning removes dead, diseased, and Agent Della Deal, and Area Extension
damaged tissue, and channels the plant’s new growth into produc- Agent Richard Boylan.
tive patterns. But many people ﬁnd winter pruning intimidating. The Apple & Peach Prun-
What is too much? What is too little? ing Workshop will be held at the
Cooperative Extension has numerous printed small orchard of Jake Rijdes’ just outside of
and on-line resources about winter-pruning West Jefferson, NC, on Tuesday, February 23, 2010. It will
fruit trees and shrubs available be led by Area Extension Agent Richard Boylan, Ashe County Ex-
Goat and Sheep to those who want to learn
on their own. But many
growers ﬁnd that a
tension Agent Della Deal, and Watauga County Extension Agent
These workshops will be a great way to learn ﬁrst-hand the
Management Tips hands-on learning ses-
sion communicates much more.
In the past, ﬁeld sessions on
pruning techniques that will keep your own fruit plantings healthy
and productive. Printed resources will be available
at each workshop to take home, but most
• Does bred in November will kid in April. winter pruning have been importantly, each workshop will
• Evaluate forage and feed inventory and purchase if needed. very successful in assisting offer the chance to try some
• Monitor internal parasites through fecal examination or FAM- growers toward better man- agement of pruning on-site, so plan to
ACHA. If the parasite load is heavy, treat after the ﬁrst hard their own orchards. During 2010, Cooperative Extension i s bring your prun- ing tools.
freeze. planning two winter pruning workshops: one for blueberries a n d For the exact times, di- rections, and other details
• Start to plan for kidding and lambing season, check pens, ﬁnish one for apples (plus other pome fruits) and peaches (plus other of these workshops, contact any of the above-listed agents at
sanitizing. Order kidding or lambing supplies, check nipple feed- stone fruits). either the Watauga County Extension Center (828) 264-3061 or
ers and tubes to see if deterioration has occurred. The Blueberry Pruning Workshop will be held at the farm of the Ashe County Extension Center (336) 846-5850.
• Check for lice and treat if needed. Wayland Cox, just east of Jefferson, NC (less than an hour from
Rain Garden Certiﬁcation COMMUNITY SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE:
For The Health of Small Farms and Your Family
Coming to the High Country, Over the last 20 years, Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) has - Receive payment early in the season, which helps with
March 23-24, 2010 become a popular way for consumers to buy local, seasonal food directly
from a farmer. Here are the basics: a farmer offers a certain number of
the farm’s cash ﬂow
- Have an opportunity to get to know the people who eat
As homeowners and “shares” to the public. Typically the share consists of a box of vegetables,
property managers become but other farm products may be included. Interested consumers purchase the food they grow
more aware of the issues of a share (a “membership” or a “subscription”) and, in return, receive a box
stormwater management, of seasonal produce each week throughout the farming season. This ar- Advantages for consumers:
many of them are choosing rangement creates several rewards for both the farmer and the consumer. - Eat ultra-fresh food, with all the ﬂavor and vitamin beneﬁts
to manage the runoff from - Get exposed to new vegetables and new ways of cooking
their homes and businesses - Usually get to visit the farm at least once a season
with rain gardens. Rain
gardens are shallow de- - Find that kids typically favor food from “their” farm - even
pression landscape features veggies they’ve never been known to eat
that can effectively collect - Develop a relationship with the farmer who grows their
and treat stormwater and food, and learn more about how food is grown
reduce localized ﬂood-
ing. Rain gardens can be It’s a simple enough idea, but its impact has been profound. This
integrated into the existing model was very successful in our community for 2009. There are cur-
landscape as a retroﬁt or be included in the initial landscaping plan. rently around eight community supported agriculture projects available
To effectively manage stormwater, rain gardens must be accurately to Watauga citizens. The largest CSA is a multi-farm model and was
sized and properly constructed. This workshop will present a simple supported by a grant from the N.C. Rural Center. It provided 70 families
method for sizing and designing rain gardens and detail proper con- fresh produce for 20 weeks from more than 14 area farms. They hope to
struction techniques. double in size in 2010. Some growers are starting CSA projects for the
As a result of this training you will: understand why stormwater Advantages for farmers: ﬁrst time in 2010. For more information about CSA projects, contact the
needs to be managed; understand the principles of rain garden loca- - Get to spend time marketing the food early in the year Extension ofﬁce at 264-3061.
tion, design, construction and maintenance; be able to select appro- before their 16-hour days in the ﬁeld begin
priate vegetation; tour local rain gardens; and be eligible to take a test
at the conclusion of the training to be certiﬁed in rain garden design
National Demand Up For Fresh Produce, But
Cattle Artiﬁcial N.C. Consumption Falls Short
Insemination Workshop Despite the current economic conditions and rising costs, consumers are
still very interested in fresh fruits. In a 2009 Fresh Trends study conducted by
as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Health is expected to continue to be a
growing factor in consumer buying decisions.
The Cooperative Extension Program at NC State University The Packer, a business newspaper for the produce industry, one-third of the con- As reported in Healthy Eating Trends 2009, Steve Lutz, vice president of
and NC A&T State University will be presenting a cattle artiﬁcial sumers who participated said they bought more fresh produce this year than The Perishables Group, West Dundee, Ill., said, “Consumers seem to understand
insemination (AI) workshop hosted by the NCDA&CS at the Cherry they did a year ago. Forty-two percent of the respondents said their produce that healthy eating promotes healthy aging. So as consumers age, healthy eat-
Research Farm/CEFS in Goldsboro, NC, on Saturday, December 12. purchasing habits remained the same last year, and one-third said they bought ing increases in importance.” Fresh fruits and vegetables receive credit from
Dr. Gary Hansen (NCSU) will be conducting the workshop in col- more whole produce than fresh-cut in the past 12 months. consumers for being unprocessed and natural, Lutz said, and that increases their
laboration with Dr. Ralph Noble (NCA&TSU) and Dr. Niki Whitley In the 2008 Produce Department Annual Review conducted by Produce health appeal.
(NCA&TSU). Producers and Extension ﬁeld staff who would like Merchandising, produce sales were reported to have increased 4.6 percent dur- The demand for berries has especially been influenced by increased con-
to learn more about this useful breeding tool are invited to attend. ing the marketing year ending July 26, 2008. Fresh fruit sales accounted for 45.5 sumer awareness of their health benefits because of the many vitamins, miner-
Sign-in starts at 8:30 a.m., and the program begins at 9 a.m. and ends percent of these sales, up from 44.8 percent the previous year. Berries led fruit als, fiber and antioxidants contained in the fruits. Berries are also a quick and
at 3:30 p.m. Space is limited in order to accommodate everyone sales, contributing 6.8 percent to the total. Apples made up 6.6 percent, bananas healthy snack option, as the only preparation needed is to wash the fruit and eat
for the “hands-on” portion of the program, so please register soon. accounted for 5.8 percent and grapes contributed 5.6 percent. Together these it. In the United States, fresh blueberry consumption was up 65 percent in 2007,
fruits represented nearly 25 percent of the total produce sales. fresh raspberry consumption was up nearly 300 percent and fresh strawberry
Deadline to register is December 9. Cost is $20 for the ﬁrst person
What is driving this increase in fresh fruit sales? demand was up 45 percent from 2001 to 2006.
from a family or farm and $15 for additional family/farm members.
Consumers believe a food is healthy based on these factors: color, season-
Checks should be made payable to NCA&TSU Extension. For more HEALTH CONCERNS HELP INCREASE FRUIT CONSUMPTION ality and whether the product is organic, raw and local, according to Healthy Eat-
information, please contact Dr. Gary Hansen (252-793-4428 Ext. ing Trends 2009. This study also suggests that consumers view farmers markets,
137 or email@example.com) or Dr. Niki Whitley (336-334-7956 First and foremost, health concerns have driven demand for fruits as con- health food stores and specialty stores as healthier sources for food than grocery
Ext. 2102 or firstname.lastname@example.org). To register, please contact Andrea sumers look for healthier and more nutritious options for their diets. With the stores and supercenters.
Brooks (336-334-7956 or email@example.com). increased media attention on obesity and associated health problems, consum-
Continued On Next Page
ers are trying to eat healthier foods, placing an increased focus on items such
AGRICULTURE, NATURAL RESOURCES & ENVIRONMENT FALL/WINTER 2009
National Demand Cont. consumption. Adults aged 45 to 54 years spend the most
money on fresh fruits, as do consumers in the middle- and
YEAR-ROUND AVAILABILITY In the short run, much of the demand for fresh fruits
will depend on the economy. In the long run, however, given
upper-income levels, according to Demographics of Con- A greater variety of fruits has also helped to increase the growing health concerns, changing demographics and
BUYING LOCALLY INCREASES SALES sumer Food Spending, 2008. In addition, females typically the desire for more variety and convenience, the demand
the demand for fruit and many Americans shop at super-
purchase more fresh fruit than men. Consumers of Asian markets where there are many different brands of fruits to for fresh fruit is expected to increase.
Some consumers believe that it is important to buy backgrounds spend the most on fresh fruits, whereas His-
locally grown produce or foods produced in a sustainable choose from. In addition, consumers are demanding a vari-
panics spend the second highest amount. Couples with ety of produce that is available year-round, especially during GOOD NEWS, BAD NEWS FOR NORTH CAROLINA
environment. The growing trend to eat locally has led to children usually buy more than couples without kids, and
a rising consumer group known as “locavores,” or those off-seasons. Globalization along with improved transporta-
consumers who are college graduates spend significantly tion and cold chain management techniques have helped Although consumption has increased, the 2009 State
consumers who focus on purchasing, preparing and con- more than those without a four-year college degree. Indicator Report on Fruits and Vegetables from the Cen-
suming foods grown locally. Locavores believe that food increase the number of fruit sources from Mexico and
Consumers in households with children are more likely countries in the Southern Hemisphere which has enabled ters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), shows that
grown locally will be fresher and therefore more nutritious to buy apples, grapes and peaches than those without kids; Americans still have a ways to go when it comes to eat-
than food shipped in from distant locations. This trend has consumers to purchase fresh fruit year-round.
93 percent to 86 percent, 84 percent to 72 percent, and 63 In North Carolina, a research team that includes sci- ing fruits and vegetables. The objectives of the Healthy
induced consumers to shop at farmers markets and local percent to 51 percent, respectively, according to 2009 Fresh People 2010 initiative is for 75 percent of Americans to eat
farm stands in increasing numbers. Direct-to-consumer entists from N.C. State University and the N.C. Department
Trends. Income is a driving factor in most berry purchases, of Agriculture and Consumer Services is studying the use of the recommended two or more daily servings of fruit and
sales increased 104.7 percent from 1997 to 2007, while to- however, with the likelihood of a purchase strongly increas- at least 50 percent to eat the recommended three or more
tal agriculture sales grew 47.6 percent, according to Facts high tunnels to help farmers extend the growing season for
ing as household income rises. The Fresh Trends study local strawberries. daily servings of vegetables. But the CDC findings show
on Direct-to-Consumer Food Marketing, May 2009, from also showed that shoppers in the highest income bracket that just 33 percent and 27 percent eat fruits and vegetables
the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service. In addition to Convenience continues to play a large role in fruit de-
($100,000+) comprised the group most likely to buy black- mand. The average time to prepare a meal has dropped respectively. It’s worse for high school students: North
recognizing the health benefits associated with buying lo- berries, blueberries, raspberries and strawberries while Carolina is near the bottom of the list, with only 6 percent of
cally grown produce, some advocates, such as Stacy Miller, from 49 to 31 minutes over the last decade, according to
those in the lower income brackets were least likely to buy. the 2009 North American Food & Agribusiness Outlook by adolescents consuming the daily recommended amounts of
executive director of the Farmers Market Coalition in Mar- In addition, female shoppers were more likely to buy straw- fruits and vegetables.
tinsburg, W.V., suggests that consumers are buying more Rabobank International. As household disposable income
berries, at 74 percent, than male shoppers, at 59 percent. increases and free time diminishes, consumers desire more While these numbers are abysmal, they demonstrate
produce from direct markets because “there’s accountability Not surprisingly, older consumers are normally the a clear need for educational marketing that encourages
in knowing where your food comes from ... some inherent, convenient products that frequently command higher prices.
most receptive to a “healthy eating” message and women According to the Rabobank outlook report, convenience youth and families to eat their fruits and vegetables.
built-in credibility and traceability.” place more importance on the consumption of fresh fruits food purchases increased 50 percent in the past decade
than men and are more likely to adjust their eating habits and fresh-cut produce sales grew almost 170 percent be- (Written by Dr. Charles D. Safley, Professor and Ex-
THE DEMOGRAPHIC SHAKEDOWN accordingly, as reported in Meeting Fruit and Vegetable Tar- tension Economist, N.C. State University Department of
tween 1997 and 2006, reaching an estimated $13.4 billion
gets, Datamonitor, June 2005. annually. Agricultural and Resource Economics.)
Demographics also make a major impact on fresh fruit
FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES
What’s in Season? N.C. TAKE CONTROL
Cranberries are at their peak from October frozen cranberries are easy to include in your daily To help families deal with the economic foreclosure and other timely topics were devel-
through December, which has led to their traditional fare. Cranberries are tart, ﬁrm, red, and are a great downturn, North Carolina Cooperative Exten- oped by N.C. Cooperative Extension Family and
presence in holiday meals. Today cranberries are as addition to salads, mufﬁns and other baked goods, as sion has developed this website with fact sheets Consumer Sciences specialists in the College of
traditional to Thanksgiving as turkey and pumpkin well as to compotes and beverages. Try adding one on how to cope with personal and ﬁnancial cri- Agriculture and Life Sciences at NC State Uni-
pie. cup of whole cranberries to a dish ses. These fact sheets on saving money, talking versity. Check out the fact sheets at: http://www.
Cranberries provide about of bread dressing, and warm in the to children about the economy, shopping for nctakecontrol.com/
100 calories per quarter-cup and oven until the berries pop. Cook- healthy foods on a tight budget, avoiding home
are a rich source of antioxidants. ing longer will result in mushy, bit-
A compound found in cranberries ter berries. These bright-red whole
keeps bacteria from sticking to the berries add attractive color and
SAVE MONEY and STAY
walls of the bladder and has been texture as well as good nutrition.
shown to help prevent and treat Purchase brightly colored, dark red
urinary tract infections. Labora- cranberries. Sort and discard any
WARM THIS WINTER
tory studies have also shown that soft or bruised berries. Refriger-
these tiny red berries are anti-car- ated cranberries can be stored for
cinogenic, although this ﬁnding is one month. Try freezing cranberries
not yet veriﬁed in human studies. in an airtight container - either whole or Take steps now to improve energy efﬁciency dur- lower the temperature of the water heater to 120
Although fresh cranberries contain higher levels sliced for year-round use. ing the home heating season. Energy dollars can pour degrees F, and install low-ﬂow water restrictors on
of beneﬁcial nutrients, cranberry juice and dried or (Taken from “Extension’s Successful Family” Newsletter)
out of homes through drafty doors, windows, and un- showerheads and faucets. Repair all leaky faucets.
insulated attics, walls, ﬂoors, and basements. Most
STRESS-FREE COOKING FOR THE
winterizing investments pay for themselves relatively • Replace or clean the furnace ﬁlter according
quickly with lower heating bills. Weather- to manufacturer’s instructions.
stripping and caulking are inexpensive Check the ﬁlter at least once a
HOLIDAY SEASON and among the simplest, most ef-
fective ways to boost efﬁciency
and cut energy costs year round.
month and replace when dirty.
Dirty or clogged ﬁlters can
reduce the efﬁciency of the
The fall and winter seasons offer opportunities in a shallow bowl and carefully inserting a wide can-
to entertain family and friends. A little planning and dle; or arranging sprigs of evergreen with small white A small investment now can pay system and block air circula-
preparation can simplify your holiday dinner gather- candles. big dividends in keeping your tion. If you have pets, you
ings. Follow these tips for less stressful, more success- home warm this winter. may need to change your ﬁl-
ful entertaining: - Involve guests. If guests offer to bring some- Don’t overlook simple ters more often.
thing, take them up on it. Suggest that they bring a energy-saving steps that are low
- Plan menus that won’t keep you in the kitchen salad, bread, or dessert. This will make them feel a part cost or no cost: • Use drapes, blinds, curtains,
the entire time. It’s no fun to be too busy to visit with of the occasion and help you at the same time. You may or shutters on all windows to re-
guests. Avoid foods that require last-minute prepara- want to ask one of the guests to help out in the kitchen • Set your thermostat as duce heat loss through the glass.
tion. Slow-cooker or one-pot meals are great when or with dispensing beverages. low as is comfortable in the To maximize thermal energy from
company’s coming. All the work is done well in ad- winter. Turn down the ther- the sun, open window coverings during
vance, and the slow cooker keeps your meal warm until - Clean up later. After the meal, stack the plates in mostat when you go to bed, sunny days, and close them at night to keep
it’s time to enjoy it. the kitchen. Refrigerate leftover food. Move to another leave for work, or when you heat inside.
part of the home and enjoy the company. will be away for an extended
- As you plan your menu, keep in mind the likes, period of time. According to • Use kitchen and bathroom vent fans spar-
dislikes, and food allergies of your guests. - Keep it SIMPLE, including the guest list, the
the Department of Energy’s Ener- ingly during the winter to minimize the heated air
menu, and the decorations. Keep your guest list small.
gy Savers, setting your thermostat 10 to 15 degrees that escapes to the outdoors.
- Choose an appetizer that will be ready to eat Inviting two or three friends is much more relaxing than
when your guests arrive. Appetizers can be as simple a larger crowd. Make the meal special with one treat, lower for eight hours can save you up to ten percent on
as cheese and crackers or raw vegetables and dip. Be such as homemade bread or an elegant dessert, and your annual heating and cooling costs. • Make certain that furniture and window cover-
sure to place appetizers wherever you want your guests serve other dishes that are easy to prepare and that can ings don’t block air ﬂow from supply ducts and air re-
to congregate. be made ahead of time. • Wear multiple layers of clothing and warm turns. Arrange the sitting area so that sofas and chairs
socks and slippers inside. Dressing warmly will help are away from drafty windows.
- Use glass or ceramic plates, cups, and glasses to Preparing simple, nutritious, and delicious food you stay comfortable while your thermostat is set a
make the occasion more formal and “greener” than us- for special occasions helps your family and friends little lower. • Close the damper and the glass doors on the
ing disposable items. practice healthy eating year round. ﬁreplace when not in use.
• Make sure a throw blanket is located within
- Making the table look special does not have to (Taken from “Extension’s Successful Family” easy reach when relaxing. (Taken from “Extension’s Successful Family” Newsletter)
be expensive. Create a center-piece by ﬁlling a vase Newsletter)
with lemons, apples, or other fruit; putting sand or rice • To reduce water-heating costs and water bills,
FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES Page 7
EAT SMART, MOVE MORE, WEIGH LESS
Margie Mansure, Registered Dietitian, and Amanda Davis, - Ways concepts can be adopted by the whole family 10. Eat Out Less
Certiﬁed Personal Trainer with a B.S. in Exercise Science, are - Opportunity for sharing and celebrating 11. Move Strong
offering “Eat Smart, Move More, Weigh Less” on Thursday eve- - Suggestions for living mindfully 12. Start Smart
nings, January 21st until April 15th, 5:15-6:15 p.m. at the Agricul- - Guided discussion of strategy for the week 13. Tame the Tube
tural Conference Center, 252 Poplar Grove Road in Boone. Cost - Time for each participant to assess body weight in 14. Pack Smart Lunches
of the entire series is $30. a non-public setting 15. Keep Your Commitment
“Eat Smart, Move More, Weigh Less” is a weight-manage-
ment program that uses strategies proven to work. Each lesson There are 15 lessons that will be covered in 13 Each participant receives:
informs, empowers and motivates participants to live mindfully weeks in the “Eat Smart, Move More, Weigh Less”
as they make choices about eating and physical activity. The curriculum: - “Eat Smart, Move More, Weigh Less” Magazine --
program provides opportunities for participants to track their A full color magazine that contains the most salient
progress and keep a journal of healthy eating and physical activ- 1. Introduction points from each lesson, recipes and more.
ity behaviors. 2. Make Your Commitment - “Eat Smart, Move More, Weigh Less” Journal -- A small
3. Re-Think Your Drink booklet that helps participants track their weight, food
Each lesson includes: 4. Eat Fewer Calories eaten and physical activity.
5. Move More
- In-depth information about why the behavior is important 6. Check the Facts “Eat Smart, Move More, Weigh Less” teaches you how to be
for weight loss and 7. Enjoy More Fruit and Vegetables mindful of your physical activity and nutrition choices. Whether
weight maintenance 8. Right-Size Your Portions your goal is to maintain your weight or lose a few pounds, this
- Strategies for adopting the behavior 9. Plan, Shop, Fix and Eat class can help. Register in advance by calling 264-3061.
A 4-H Dream Comes True 2009 4-H National Science Experiment:
On Sunday, October 4th,
the 4-H clover and website ad-
dress were featured on the back
panel of the No. 24 racecar driv-
en by Jeff Gordon at the Kansas In October, all across the nation, 4-H sponsored The experiment explores the production of the
Speedway. This promotional op- a science experiment to encourage interest in science biofuel ethanol and demonstrates how organic mate-
portunity generated more than 70 and current issues. The theme this year was biofuels. rials can be converted to fuel to supply energy. The
million media impressions and Renewable energy sources like kids “make” their own “biofuel” and experiment with
put 4-H in front of millions of biofuels are constantly making different biomass which might make biofuel. Biofu-
NASCAR fans, 4-H alumni and headlines in the news today. As els are typically made in the US by converting the
new friends. our nation grapples starches from corn kernels into the sugars
Our State 4-H leader, Mar- with important en- in corn syrup and then adding yeast to
shall Stewart went to Kansas for vironmental issues break down the sugars, which re-
the running of the 4-H clover at such as global leases carbon dioxide and ethanol
the NASCAR race. Here is his warming, sustain- as by-products. The ethanol
story: ability and energy is blended with gasoline
“It was truly a great experi- independence, “biofu- and then sold at some
ence that I will always remem- els” -- sources of energy gas stations. You
ber as we had the opportunity to obtained from recently might see a sign
watch the race from the pit area harvested plant mate- at the pump that
and to assist National 4-H with their media efforts related to the event. rials -- are at the fore- says “E10,” which
However, the most important part of this past weekend for me was to see someone that I work with every- front of the discussion of means 10 percent
day have a dream realized. For over ten years, Jackie Helton has worked as a 4-H agent, 4-H Foundation staff alternative energy sources. ethanol and 90 per-
member and 4-H state staff member, to see the 4-H clover run on a car at a NASCAR race. On Sunday, we saw It is vital for youth to under- cent gasoline.
his dream come true. stand and engage in the important environmental The experiment was
In our business we teach youth and adults to dream and to work hard to pursue their dreams. Over these issues our global community faces together and the done locally in after-school settings and is still
past ten years, Jackie has never given up on his dream for 4-H. As the #24 car made its way around the track, I opportunities available for a greener tomorrow. available for groups that might be interested.
cannot tell you how much it meant for me to be there with him to see this dream realized.
I commend Jackie for his leadership, persistence and hard work. While many others would have given up
long ago, he never stopped. There is a great lesson in that for all of us. We must never forget to dream big and
pursue those dreams.
Because of Jackie Helton, the 4-H clover has now reached a larger audience in one single event than at any
Youth Gardening Series
Plans are in the works for garden-related activi- We will offer lots of ideas on neat things you can do at
time in its history. Only time will tell what the impact of that will be, but rest assured that there are millions 4-
ties for youth in the spring. Is your family thinking home with plants. Initial dates are:
H’ers, volunteers, alumni and supporters who are feeling greater pride in 4-H because of Jackie’s efforts.
about starting a garden but have a black thumb? Want
Jackie, on behalf of six million 4-H’ers...keep dreaming...we need more dreams...sometimes, they do come to encourage an interest in gardening with your chil- Saturdays, 10 a.m. - 12 noon
true!” dren? Kids’ sessions on how to start a garden will be March 20, April 24, May 15,
See more at http://www.nc4h.org offered. These workshops are designed to interest kids Location: March and April will start off at the
in gardening but will offer some basic information for Agricultural Conference Center
Give the Gift of an Experience
beginning parent gardeners as well. The workshops
are targeted for 5-12 year olds. We will offer some Contact Watauga County 4-H at 264-3061 for
hands-on activities, some fun instruction, and support. more information.
for Young People
4-H CAMP REGISTRATION OPENS
Fruit Plant Sale
Ordering for the Watauga County 4-H Fruit Plant Available plants will include strawberries, blue-
Trying to come up with a meaningful gift for a July 25-30. To guarantee a spot, register by January Sale will open by January 15. If you would like to berries, blackberries, raspberries and grapes. An order
child or grandchild? Why not give the gift 29. The good news is you can reserve your help support youth programs in Watauga County, form will be online at the 4-H link at http://watauga.
of an Experience? Consider the gift of spot with a $100 deposit and have until place your order by March 29, 2010. Supplies are ces.ncsu.edu. Proﬁts from this sale help provide fund-
a week at camp, something that will June to save up for the rest of the fee, available at a ﬁrst-come, ﬁrst-ordered basis. ing for Watauga 4-H Programming.
create memories for a lifetime. Now which is $290. The fee covers meals,
Kids in the Garden
is the time to begin enrolling for 4- lodging, t-shirt, transportation to camp
H Camp for Summer 2010. Watauga and more. Registration will continue
County 4-H will escort a group of 8-14 beyond January 29, but spaces may not Bring your kids with you to the Organic Garden- Fee: $4.00 per day
year old campers to Betsy-Jeff Penn 4- be guaranteed. Contact the 4-H ofﬁce ing 101 workshop series. Who: Ages 6-12
H Center. The center is located above at 264-3061 for more information or to
Greensboro in Rockingham County, register. Check the website out at http:// When: Monday, June 21 - Thursday, June 24 Explore the garden, meet some chickens, insects
near Reidsville. The camping week is www.nc4h.org/centers Time: 9:00 a.m. - 12 noon and plant lovers, and do some hands-on activities.
CALENDAR of EVENTS FALL/WINTER 2009
DECEMBER 30 MountainKeepers Resilience Summit 23 Raising Pork Workshop - 6:30 - 8:30 p.m.,
10 4-H Cloverbud (5-8 year old) Club Meeting Agricultural Conference Center
12 Cattle Artificial Insemination Workshop, Goldsboro FEBRUARY 23-24 Rain Garden Certification Workshop
24-25 Extension Office Closed for Holidays 16 Backyard Chicken Workshop - 6:30 - 8:30 p.m., 29 Deadline to Order 4-H Fruit Plants
Agricultural Conference Center
JANUARY 23 Composting Basics - 6:30 - 8:30 p.m., APRIL
1 Extension Office Closed for Holiday Agricultural Conference Center 20 Vegetable Gardening: Part 1 - 6:30 - 8:30 p.m.,
8 WNC AgOption Grant Proposal Deadline Agricultural Conference Center
14 4-H Cloverbud (5-8 year old) Club Meeting MARCH 24 Kids Gardening workshop, 10 a.m. - 12 noon
15 4-H Fruit Plant Sale Begins 4 Blueberry Pruning Workshop, 2 p.m., Jefferson 27 Vegetable Gardening: Part 2 - 6:30 - 8:30 p.m.,
18 Extension Office Closed for Holiday 8 Watauga County Master Gardener Application Agricultural Conference Center
21 “Eat Smart, Move More, Weigh Less” Deadline
Thursday evenings, 5:15-6:15 p.m., 13 Seed Swap & Garden Classes, 9 a.m. - 3 p.m., MAY
Agricultural Conference Center Ashe Co. Family Central in Jefferson 15 Kids Gardening workshop, 10 a.m. - 12 noon
28 Fruit & Essential Plants for Your Yard, 6:30 - 8:30 p.m., 20 Kids Gardening workshop, 10 a.m. - 12 noon 18 Ornamental Plant Care - 6:30 - 8:30 p.m.,
Agricultural Conference Center 20 Watauga County Beekeeper Short Course Agricultural Conference Center
29 Deadline for 4-H Camp Registration 23 Apple & Peach Pruning Workshop, West Jefferson
OUR MISSION: “North Carolina Cooperative Extension partners with communities to deliver education
and technology that enrich the lives, land and economy of North Carolinians.”
Boone, NC 28607
971 W King St
Watauga County Center
PERMIT NO. 317
U.S. POSTAGE PAID
NON PROFIT ORG.