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Rhetoric Terms Group 2 Alliteration • A sentence where a majority of the words begin with the same letter. • You'll never put a better bit of butter on your knife. • “Pitezel was married to Carrie Canning of Calva, Illinois.”- The Devil in the White City, Erik Larson • “…some of them said they used semicolons”- Eats, Shoots & Leaves, Lynne Truss • Sally said she was sorry. Allusion • A casual reference to a person, place or event. • I wish I had received blessings from Cupid, on Valentine's day. • The White City was the allusion to the Chicago 1893 World’s Fair- The Devil in the White City, Erik Larson • “ Any attempt at a complete Americanization of this book would have been akin to an effort to Americanize the Queen of England” – Eats, Shoots & Leaves, Lynne Truss • I am no Prince Hamlet. Figure of Speech • A use of literary devices such as a simile, metaphor, or personification in writing to express words in other than their literal sense. • “Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re gonna get”- Forrest Gump. • "We are always personally under an agitating pressure and cloud of anxiety” -The Devil in the White City • “Judge a tree from its fruit: not the leaves” – Eats, Shoots & Leaves, Lynne Truss • Your eyes shine like the light from the sun. - Palo Valasari Genre • Different styles of writing based on a books content or writing style. • Music: hip-hop, rock and roll, country, jazz • Books: classics, non-fiction, fantasy • History and True Crime are the genres you would find the book The Devil in the White city under. • Eats, Shoots, and Leaves, by Lynne Turss, genre is considered non-fiction. Monosyllabic • Short words containing only one syllable. • Bar, Her, Health, Why ,Just. • “Bells”- Eats, Shoots, and Leaves, Lynne Truss • “Smog”- The Devil in the White City, Erik Larson Reiteration • To restate something’s meaning using different diction. Repetition. • The World’s Columbian Exposition. = The Chicago 1893 World’s Fair. –The Devil in the White City, Erik Larson • “Now I must go and get on my lover” and “ Now I must go and get on, my lover”- Eats, Shoots & Leaves, Lynne Truss • I want her to live. I want her to breathe. I want her to aerobicize. • "My conscience hath a thousand several tongues, And every tongue brings in a several tale, And every tale condemns me for a villain." (William Shakespeare, Richard III) Loose Sentence • A sentence that doesn’t end with the completion of the main clause, but continues with more subordinate clauses and other modifiers. • She drove her car to go to the movies, and got gas. • “Pitezel was plagued with various maladies: sore knees from the installation of one too many floors, a wart on his neck that kept him from wearing a stiff collar, and teeth so painful that at one point he had to suspend his work for Holmes.”- The Devil in the White City, Erik Larson • “This entire allegory, I said, you may now append, dear glaucon, to the previous argument” – The Allegory of the Cave • The lady walked into her house, and sat down. Cliché • A common phrase that has become overused. • Live and learn. • What goes around comes around. • “The climbing was steep and so exposed it made by head spin” -Into the Wild • "God told us, 'Share!'" from Amazing Grace Deduction/Deductive Reasoning • Reasoning from a general idea to a particular idea. • All bachelor's are single Johnny is single, Hence, Johnny is a bachelor • An Iron Shovel will rust. • The copper wire will conduct electricity. • Women's Brains by Stephen Jay Gould: Males' brains' weigh more than females' brains' therefore women are no as intelligent as men. • Other obstacles quickly appeared. An important shipment of plants from California failed to arrive, worsening an already critical shortage of all plants. – The Devil in the White City, Erik Larson. Enumeration • The act of listing details, causes, effects, or consequences to make a point stronger. • “By and by your attention becomes so intensely focused that you no longer notice the raw knuckles, the cramping of the thighs, the strain of maintaining nonstop concentration. A trancelike state settles over you” – Into the Wild • Crack-cocaine addictions and the intravenous use of herion, which children I have met there call "the needle drug," are woven into the texture of existence in Mott Haven. Nearly 4,000 heroin injectors, many of whom are HIV-infected, live here. Virtually every child at St. Ann's knows someone, a relative or neighbor, who has died of AIDS, and most children here know many others who are dying now of the disease. One quarter of the women of Mott Haven who are tested in obstetric wards are positive for HIV. Rates of pediatric AIDS, therefore, are high. from Amazing Grace • I love her eyes, her hair, her nose, her cheeks, and her smile. • The killing was brutal, gruesome, and painful to watch. Idiom • An expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meaning it originates from. • “He said he would keep in touch”- Into the Wild • He really went to town on that issue. He not only went, he apparently hasn't come back yet. • The children were full of monkey business. • “Yes, he said, such an art may be presumed” The Allegory of the Cave. Juxtaposition • To compare side by side two similar terms or ideas. • Comparing the fingerprints helped the FBI determine the culprit of the crime. • Bernard used black rocks on the white sand in order to build his S.O.S. sign. • “In the minds of some, Ferris’s Wheel surpassed Eiffel’s tower from the 1889 world’s fair.” – The Devil in the White City, Erik Larson Onomatopoeia • The use of words to imitate sounds. • BOO, Buzz, Boom • “I heard something crackle at my back”- Into the Wild • The thunder rumbled across the sky. • “It was a high, reiterated cry of ‘Ram! Ram! Ram!’, not urgent and fearful like a prayer or a cry for help, but steady, rhythmical, almost like the tolling of a bell.” - A Hanging, by George Orwell Understatement • A figure of speech where a writer deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is. • "It's just a scratch," when there is a huge dent. • I have to have this operation. It isn’t very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on my brain. • It only snowed a little bit in Colorado this past winter. • New York City has a building or two. Cacophony • A harsh distant sound that can be loud and irritating. • an untalented band warming up before a performance. • City traffic or a construction site. • Kinky Friedman, Armadadillos and Old Lace "I leaned the shotgun up against the wall, poured another cup of coffee, and lit up a cigar.” • “ I could hear him beating his bunch of grass against his knees, with that preoccupied grandmotherly air that elephants have.” – Shooting an Elephant, by George Orwell Catharsis • The release of negative emotions. • In the movie Anastasia, Rasputin the villain, punches over and over when he continues to fail at killing the princess Anastasia. • With horror, Alice found herself faced with the crushing reality; she wasn't ever going to return home • "...concluded that her blind baby was 'not right' in his head, and she was ashamed of him." Willa Cather, My Antonia • When Romeo committed suicide after seeing Juliet supposedly dead. Hyperbaton • The usage of unexpected word order for rhetorical effect. • And gone are all my Summer days. • "They concern, thank God, only material things." Franklin D. Roosevelt, First Inaugural Address • "'Once you're in bed, if you call the nurse, you wait for half an hour.'" Jonathan Kozol, Amazing Grace • Kill, I must, that child! Parallelism • An agreement in direction, tendency or character • She likes cooking, jogging, and to read. • "'Good evening, gentlemen. No ladies here? Good evening, gentlemen.'" Willa Cather, My Antonia • "'It's the difference between terrible and worse than terrible.'" Jonathan Kozol, Amazing Grace • As I sit, I ponder. As I sit, I wonder. As I sit, I dream. Of merry little things. Satire • The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize peoples stupidity or ideas. • "'The waste incinerator is just one more lovely way of showing their affection.'" Jonothan Kozol, Amazing Grace • "I sat down in the sunlight doorway of the trailer... I liked loners. The downside, of course, was that every serial killer who'd ever lived had also been a loner. Well, you can't have everything. People just tend to drive you crazy after a while. That's why penthouses, nunneries, sailboats, islands, and jail cells do such a booming business. And trailers." Kinky Friedman, Armadillos and Old Lace • Julius Excluded from Heaven: skit involving "the Warrior Pope", Julius II, trying to convince Saint Peter to allow him through Heaven's gates by threatening him with papal bulls of excommunication and force. • Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift; a shipwrecked surgeon stumbles upon the mini inhabitants of Lilliput that are in war against the people Blefuscu, which symbolized the conflict between two European religious groups. Paradox • A statement or preposition that seems self- contradictory but may have truth. • I always tell lies. • "It was because of my letters that I happened to stumble upon starting to acquire some kind of a homemade education." Malcolm X, A Homemade Education; an education must be obtained beforehand to write a letter • "My hopes for Eats, Shoots and Leaves were bold but bathetc; chirpy but feet-on the ground; presumptuous yet significantly parenthetical." Lynne Truss, Eats, Shoots and Leaves • No one goes to the theater; it's packed with too many people. Non sequitur • When a conclusion logically does not follow what comes before it. • Today I had pancakes for breakfast, my cat ran away this morning. • "I sat down in the sunlit doorway of the trailer and sipped the coffee, smoked the cigar, and reflected upon the subject of loners in this world." Kinky Friedman, Armadillos and Old Lace • "'We're out of cookies. I ate a whole bag of cookies. They're all gone.'" Jonathan Kozol, Amazing Grace • "What's your name?“ "I like eggs." Polysyllabic • Words containing several syllabus’s. • summary • "scientific" Stephen Jay Gould, Women's Brains • "interpretation" Jonathan Kozol, Amazing Grace • Difference
"Rhetoric Terms Group 2"