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					                                   CHAPTER 01


                              INTRODUCTIONS



1.1 Background Of Study


Insurance is a very important part of personal financial planning. Because it is the
quickest & easiest source of cash for family upon death & cover the any claim.
Because those today lots of customers are join the insurance. So automatically
increase competition companies. When increases the competitors the originations
should retaining their customer. They cannot do that haven’t their profit & they can’t
achieve originations objectives.

Insurance is “Basically a protection against a financial loss which can arise on the
happening of an unexpected event. Insurance companies collect premiums to provide
for this protection. By paying a very small sum of money a person can safeguard
himself and his family financially from an unfortunate event.”

Insurance only spread the financial loses of insurance members over the whole of
remaining insured. Whole assets are not damaged thus insurance company act as
middle man for such social cooperation.

Life insurance policy affords protection to individual, widows and dependents to meet
the critical situation. Fire marine and miscellaneous polices help the development of
trade, commerce and industry hence the importance of insurance from social and
economic point of view is immense of economic growth.



            Insured reduce the losses
            It is means of savings
            It is helpful in competition
            Insurance helps in spreading education
            It promote international trade
            It accumulates large funds for nation




                                         1
1.2 Problem statement

Insurance companies contribute an important part to the financial sector & whole
economy. In Badulla ceylinco insurance company provide service to the customers
but continuously monthly premium payment decreased.

                             2009      April                 15

                                       May                   36

                                       June                  48

                                       July                  51




1.3 Objectives of research

   Main objective

      1. To identify the strategies to retaining customers

   Sub objectives

      1. To identify the competitors

      2. To identify the factors to customer retaining

      3. To identify the present situation of Badulla ceylinco insurance company




                                         2
1.4 Conceptual Frame work

    Figure 1.1 Conceptual Frame work


           Quality              Recovery                     Cost



                                    Value


                               Satisfaction

          Choice                                            Loyalty


                                Retention



1.5 Methodology

1.5.1 Data Collection Method

                    Primary data
                            Interview
                            Questionnaires
                    Secondary data
                              Annual report of ceylinco insurance 2008
                              Other related report - policy book, Magazine


1.5.2 Evaluation Methods

Collection data will be evaluated the based on the mean value & standard deviation of
variable. It will be discussed as following way:


                            Range                            Decision attribute
                1<X=<2.5                           Lower level retention
                2.5<X=3.5                          Moderate level retention
                3.5<X=5.0                          Higher level retention



                                        3
                                    CHAPTER -02

                           LITERATURE REVIEW



2.1 Introduction

A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and
sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period.

 A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an
organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. A summary is a
recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization,
or a reshuffling, of that information. It might give a new interpretation of old material
or combine new with old interpretations. Or it might trace the intellectual progression
of the field, including major debates. And depending on the situation, the literature
review may evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or
relevant.

This chapter began with retention, measuring retention, Importance of customer
retention, Advantages of customer retention, Benefits of Customer Retention:
Statistics, Measuring Customer Retention.

2.2 Customer retention

In today's challenging economy and competitive business world, retaining their
customer base is critical to organization success. If they don't give their customers
some good reasons to stay, organization’s competitors will give them a reason to
leave. Customer retention and satisfaction drive profits. It's far less expensive to
cultivate organization existing customer base and sell more services to them than it is
to seek new, single-transaction customers. Most surveys across industries show that
keeping one existing customer is five to seven times more profitable than attracting
one new one.

A customer-focused approach among its employees is still not present. In this era of
intense competition, it is very important for any service company to understand that
merely acquiring customers is not sufficient because there is a direct link between
customer retention over time and profitability & growth. Customer retention to a great
extent depends on service quality and customer satisfaction. It also depends on the
ability of the organization to encourage customers to complain and then recover when
things go wrong. Complaints are natural part of any service activity as mistakes are an
unavoidable feature of all human endeavor and thus also of service recovery. Service
recovery is the process of putting things right after something goes wrong in the
service delivery.

                                         4
Customer retention is the maintenance of continuous trading relationships with
customers over the long term. Customer retention is the mirror image of customer
defection or churn. High retention is equivalent to low defection. Customer retention
is about keeping the customers organization has spent that money to acquire.
And if you’re in an industry where they make multiple purchases over the years,
organization entire team should be very focused on retaining those customers:



      Delivering service that’s consistent with your value proposition and brand
      Cross-selling, up-selling and asking for referrals from existing customers
      Developing programs to increase customer loyalty and decrease turnover
      Knowing the lifetime value for different segments and using that data to
       improve your marketing
      Prioritizing retention as a major focus in your annual marketing plan

Studies say it costs ten times more to generate a new customer than to maintain an
existing one. If organization has a small number of customers, losing a few could
cripple company. Even if you have a large number of customers, a small increase in
retention rate should dramatically increase profits.

The maintenance of the patronage of people who have purchased a company’s goods
or services once and the gaining of repeat purchases. Customer retention occurs when
a customer is loyal to a company, brand, or to a specific product or service, expressing
long-term commitment and refusing to purchase from competitors. A company can
adopt a number of strategies to retain its customers. Of critical importance to such
strategies are the wider concepts of customer service, customer relations, and
relationship marketing. Companies can build loyalty and retention through the use of
a number of techniques, including database marketing, the issue of loyalty cards,
redeemable against a variety of goods or services, preferential discounts, free gifts,
special promotions, newsletters or magazines, members' clubs, or customized
products in limited editions. It has been argued that customer retention is linked to
employee loyalty, since loyal employees build up long-term relationships with
customers.

Customer retention has always been an important topic for the marketing. For sure,
the advantages of loyal clients are obvious. In the last years the concept had a
renaissance because of the new term CRM (Customer Relationship Management).
However, CRM comprises nearly every customer oriented activity from a complaint
hotline to client cards and client clubs. Often CRM is only implementing new systems
for data mining and client segmentation or operational systems like a complaint
management. But the thing is: data mining systems or client clubs are not the basis.


                                        5
They are the cherry of the cake called client retention. A company like Porsche needs
no client club to tie up the customer to the brand.

A key principle of relationship marketing is the retention of customers through
varying means and practices to ensure repeated trade from preexisting customers by
satisfying requirements above those of competing companies through a mutually
beneficial relationship This technique is now used as a means of counterbalancing
new customers and opportunities with current and existing customers as a means of
maximizing profit and counteracting the "leaky bucket theory of business" in which
new customers gained in older direct marketing oriented businesses were at the
expense of or coincided with the loss of older customers. This process of "churning"
is less economically viable than retaining all or the majority of customers using both
direct and relationship management as lead generation via new customers requires
more investment.

Many companies in competing markets will redirect or allocate large amounts of
resources or attention towards customer retention as in markets with increasing
competition it may cost 5 times more to attract new customers than it would to retain
current customers, as direct or "offensive" marketing requires much more extensive
resources to cause defection from competitors. However, it is suggested that because
of the extensive classic marketing theories center on means of attracting customers
and creating transactions rather than maintaining them, the majority usage of direct
marketing used in the past is now gradually being used more alongside relationship
marketing as its importance becomes more recognizable.

According to Buchanan and Gilles the increased profitability associated with
customer retention efforts occurs because of several factors that occur once a
relationship has been established with a customer.

     The cost of acquisition occurs only at the beginning of a relationship, so the
      longer the relationship, the lower the amortized cost.
     Account maintenance costs decline as a percentage of total costs (or as a
      percentage of revenue).
     Long-term customers tend to be less inclined to switch, and also tend to be
      fewer prices sensitive. This can result in stable unit sales volume and increases
      in dollar-sales volume.
     Long-term customers may initiate free word of mouth promotions and
      referrals.
     Long-term customers are more likely to purchase ancillary products and high
      margin supplemental products.
     Customers that stay with you tend to be satisfied with the relationship and are
      less likely to switch to competitors, making it difficult for competitors to enter
      the market or gain market share.



                                        6
     Regular customers tend to be less expensive to service because they are
      familiar with the process, require less "education", and are consistent in their
      order placement.
     Increased customer retention and loyalty makes the employees' jobs easier and
      more satisfying. In turn, happy employees feed back into better customer
      satisfaction in a virtuous circle.

2.3 Importance of Customer Retention

Why are customers more profitable for service firms over a period of time? There are
a number of reasons for this. To begin with, to acquire a customer a company incurs
promotional costs like advertising, sales promotion etc. It is said that it costs five
times more to attract a new customer than retaining one. The operating cost decreases
when a customer stays. Services being rich in experience and credence qualities, it
takes some time for customers to get accustomed to it and once they are used to the
service and are satisfied with the service provider ,they tend to purchase more over a
period of time.

As they remain satisfied with a service provider, they spread a positive word of
mouth, which is very effective in case of services for attracting new customers.
Longer the customer stays with an organization, more the organization knows about
him, which enables it to offer customized services which make it difficult for the
customer to defect. This may even provide opportunities to the organization to charge
price premium by offering individualized services which may be difficult for the
competitors to offer.

Considering the importance of retaining customers in service business, Reichheld &
Sasser coined a term ‘Zero Defection’. They highlighted that companies can boost
profits by almost 100% by retaining just 5% more of their customers. Further, it is
also very important to understand the life time value of a customer. Further, if by a
positive word of mouth, he brings just one more customer to the organization, his
value to the organization doubles. Therefore, it is important for all the employees in
the organization to understand the life time value of their customers. Once they
understand it, they will treat the customer accordingly and will focus on building
relationship with the very people who keep them in business.




                                       7
2.4 Advantages of customer retention

     Possibility of repeat business

This is probably the most obvious advantage of customer retention. Effective services
that lead to customer satisfaction will make customer coming back to again, thus
giving repeat business. Repeat business is a win-win proposition for the business /
service provider and the customer. The business reduces the cost of customer
acquisition, while the customer reduces the cost of finding a reliable vendor and thus
also saves on costs associated with switching vendors.

     Reduced costs for customer acquisition

Acquiring a customer has certain associated costs. These include the costs associated
with advertising, following up, sales demos, travel and meeting costs etc. Having a
repeat customer means that the customer is already aware of your processes and can
predict a certain quality of output, thus minimizing the costs involved in new
customer acquisition. Having a repeat customer also has the potential to open up
another channel to advertise your business – word of mouth. Word of mouth
advertising / recommendations are perhaps the most important outcome of having a
satisfied customer.

     Fostering greater interaction between business and customer

Today’s markets are increasingly moving away from mass produced standard
products and services, towards a more customized market, where products and
services are tailored to meet customers’ specific requirements. Having a repeat
customer is an opportunity for you to build a more focused relationship based on your
customers’ specific needs and requirements. Being ensured of having a customer who
comes back, you have more confidence to suggest improvements, provide insights to
better understand their needs and consequently design products and services that are
relevant. Having a repeat business also provides an opportunity for the buyer and the
seller to co-create products and services.

     Having more delighted customers

Effective customer retention strategies allow you to move from the zone of customer
satisfaction to customer delight. Studies have shown that customer delight is achieved
only when there is a perfect synergy between the buyer and seller – when the seller
understands exactly what the buyer needs and the buyer understands what the seller
can deliver exactly what he needs. If you are able to delight your customers, you have
better chances of them coming back to you, since they now know why you are
different from the rest of competition.



                                       8
2.4.1 Benefits of Customer Retention: Statistics


    Acquiring new customers can cost five times more than satisfying and
     retaining current customers
    A 2% increase in customer retention has the same effect on profits as cutting
     costs by 10%
    The average company loses 10% of its customers each year
    A 5% reduction in customer defection rate can increase profits by 25-125%,
     depending on the industry
    The customer profitability rate tends to increase over the life of a retained
     customer
    Companies can boost profits anywhere from 25 to 125% by retaining merely
     5% more existing customers.
    Only one out of 25 dissatisfied customers will express dissatisfaction.
    Happy customers tell 4 to 5 others of their positive experience. Dissatisfied
     customers tell 9 to 12 how bad it was.
    Two-thirds of customers do not feel valued by those serving them.


2.5 Measuring Customer Retention

Retention rate is normally calculated as the number of customers who have been lost
over a period of time, usually calculated over a quarterly or annual period. The key is
to calculate the percentage versus existing customers, and not underestimate the loss
rate by tallying new customer acquisitions into the mix.

The customer retention rate refers to the number of customers lost over a period of
time. It is normally calculated by the percentage of lost customers versus existing
customers over a quarterly or annual period, without tallying new customer
acquisitions.

While there are obvious benefits to keeping customers loyal and maintaining high
customer retention rates, it can be extremely challenging for management to keep
retention rates up. This guide will explore some of the best customer retention
strategies, important topics and common challenges related to customer retention:

According to ROI expert Tom Pisello, CEO and President of Alinean, the customer
retention rate is calculated by determining the number of customers lost over a period
of time compared to repeat customers over the same amount of time. Pisello said, "A
customer is one who continues to make purchases, and a lost customer is one who has
made purchases, but does not repeat these purchases for some time. The key is to
analyze the repeats over a long enough horizon."




                                        9
The calculation is:

       (Total number of customers - the number of repeat customers)

                       (Total number of customers)

Some companies can measure retention rate using their CRM system, since any of the
vendors with solid sales modules should offer this capability. Customer service expert
Lori Bocklund, founder and president of Strategic Contact, Inc., recommends that
companies look for this functionality when evaluating CRM solutions, even though it
is unlikely to be the differentiating factor.

"You can also consider performance optimization tools if you want to combine things
like save rate with other key performance indicators for an overall scorecard,"
Bocklund said. Companies like Witness, Performix, AIM, and Merced offer these
types of tools. To measure this, some companies combine data from the CRM system
and data from other systems, such as your quality monitoring system, ACD or CTI
solution handling contact routing and reporting.

There are no hard and fast rules on calculating customer defection and customer
retention, according to Lowenstein. It can depend on the industry or the type of
business, since some companies have long-term arrangements with customers.

B2B customer deflection models may be somewhat more challenging, Lowenstein
said, because of the greater likelihood to have missing or incomplete 'firm graphic'
variables. However, several consulting and database management companies have
succeeded in creating them.

However, the appropriate interval over which retention rate should be measured is not
always one year. Rather, it depends on the customer repurchase cycle. Car insurance
and magazine subscriptions are bought on an annual basis. Carpet tiles and hi-fis are
not. If the normal hi-fi replacement cycle is four years, then retention rate is more
meaningful if it is measured over four years instead of twelve months. Additional
complexity is added when companies sell a range of products and services, each with
different repurchase cycles. Automobile dealers might sell cars, parts, fuel and service
to a single customer. These products have different repurchase cycles which make it
very difficult for the dealer to have a whole of customer perspective on retention.

Sometimes companies are not clear about whether an individual customer has
defected. This is because of the location of customer related data, which might be
retained in product silos, channel silos or functional silos.




                                        10
2.5.1 Type of customer retention rate

 1. Raw customer retention rate:

      This is the number of customers doing business with a firm at the end of a
      trading period, expressed as percentage of those who were active customers at
      the beginning of the period.

 2. Sales-adjusted retention rate:

      This is the value of sales achieved from the retained customers, expressed as a
      percentage of the sales achieved from all customers who were active at the
      beginning of the period.

 3. Profit-adjusted retention rate:

      This is the profit earned from the retained customers, expressed as a
      percentage of the profit earned from all customers who were active at the
      beginning of the period.




                                      11
                                   CHAPTER -03

                                   INSURANCE

3.1 Introduction

Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to
hedge against the risk of a contingent loss. Insurance is defined as the equitable
transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another, in exchange for a premium,
and can be thought of as a guaranteed and known small loss to prevent a large,
possibly devastating loss.

Insurance is a form of risk management in which the insured transfers the cost of
potential loss to another entity in exchange for monetary compensation known as the
premium

There are mainly two parties involved in this – the insurer and the insured. The
insurer is the insurance company who will provide the cover to the insured against
any financial losses. The insured may be an individual person or a group of people
like an employer, members of a society. The insurance rate is a factor used to
determine the amount to be charged for a certain amount of insurance coverage, called
the premium.

Insurance is appropriate when you want to protect against a significant monetary loss.
Take life insurance as an example. If you are the primary breadwinner in your home,
the loss of income that your family would experience as a result of our premature
death is considered a significant loss and hardship that you should protect them
against. It would be very difficult for your family to replace your income, so the
monthly premiums ensure that if you die, your income will be replaced by the insured
amount. The same principle applies to many other forms of insurance. If the potential
loss will have a detrimental effect on the person or entity, insurance makes sense.

3.2 Principles of insurance

3.2.1 Insurable Interest

Insurable interest is a fundamental principle of insurance. It means that the person
wishing to take out insurance must be legally entitled to insure the article, or the
event, or the life. In other words, the happening of the event insured against, or the
death of the life insured must cause the policyholder financial loss. Similarly, you
cannot insure the lives of other people unless you have a financial interest in the life
being insured. The principle of insurable interest demonstrates the difference between
insurance and a wager or bet.



                                        12
3.2.2 General Principles

Other principles apply to all kinds of insurance.

      Insurance can provide compensation only for the actual value of property. It
       cannot cover the loss of sentimental value, for example.
      There must be a large number of similar risks so that the likelihood of a claim
       can be spread among other policyholders. It must be possible for insurers to
       calculate the chance of loss so that a premium can be set which matches the
       risk.
      Losses must not be deliberate and not inevitable. Clearly, you could not buy
       fire insurance for a house which was already burning or life insurance for
       someone on his or her deathbed.
      Lastly, there are some risks which have financial implications so vast that they
       can be dealt with only by the state. These risks (mainly those arising from war
       or the major escape of nuclear or radioactive material) are normally not
       insurable.
      Insurance takes the risk away from people's lives and businesses. It brings
       peace of mind to the policyholder. In return for paying premiums the
       policyholder knows that, if the unexpected happens, financial compensation
       will be available from the fund of premiums.




3.3 Type of insurance

Below are some kinds of insurances

3.3.1 LIFE INSURANCE:

Life insurance policy insures the life of the insured. The insurance company is legally
bound to provide a monetary benefit to a decedent's family or the beneficiary after the
death of the policyholder. The proceeds are paid to the beneficiary either in a lump
sum amount or an annuity




                                         13
3.3.2 MEDICAL INSURANCE:

Medical insurance is also called medclaim. Under this policy the insurance policy
pays the amount to the insured for his health purpose. This amount covers the cost of
medical treatment.


3.3.3 DISABILITY INSURANCE

There are two types of disability insurance. One is simple disability insurance and the
other is total disability insurance. In case of simple disability insurance, a financial
support on monthly basis is provided by the insurer to the policy holder if he is unable
to work due to an injury or an illness. But permanent disability insurance provides the
reimbursement if a person becomes permanently disabled.



3.3.4 GENERAL INSURANCE:

It includes automobiles insurance, business insurance, property insurance etc.

       3.3.4.1 Automobile insurance:

This insurance is called motor insurance. It compensates the loss or damage occurred
to the vehicle. But in United States auto insurance policy is essential to legally operate
a vehicle on public roads.

       3.3.4.2 Business insurance:

Business insurance protects the businesses against risks of losses and damages and
compensates in case of loss

       3.3.4.3 Property insurance:

This type of insurance protects the property against the risks like fire, theft etc. This
category also includes fire insurance, flood insurance, earthquake insurance etc




                                         14
3.4 History of insurance

The first insurance company in the United States was formed in Charleston, South
Carolina in 1732, but it provided only fire insurance. The sale of life insurance in the
U.S. began in the late 1760s. The Presbyterian Synods in Philadelphia and New York
created the Corporation for Relief of Poor and Distressed Widows and Children of
Presbyterian Ministers in 1759; Episcopalian priests organized a similar fund in 1769.
Between 1787 and 1837 more than two dozen life insurance companies were started,
but fewer than half a dozen survived.

Prior to the American Civil War, many insurance companies in the United States
insured the lives of slaves for their owners. In response to bills passed in California in
2001 and in Illinois in 2003, the companies have been required to search their records
for such policies. New York Life for example reported that Nautilus sold 485
slaveholder life insurance policies during a two-year period in the 1840s; they added
that their trustees voted to end the sale of such policies 15 years before the
Emancipation Proclamation.

Life insurance dates only to ancient Rome; "burial clubs" covered the cost of
members' funeral expenses and helped survivors monetarily. Modern life insurance
started in 17th century England, originally as insurance for traders merchants, ship
owners and underwriters met to discuss deals at Lloyd's Coffee House, predecessor to
the famous Lloyd's of London.

3.5 Life insurance

Life insurance or life assurance is a contract between the policy owner and the
insurer, where the insurer agrees to pay a sum of money upon the occurrence of the
insured individual's or individuals' death or other event, such as terminal illness or
critical illness. In return, the policy owner agrees to pay a stipulated amount called a
premium at regular intervals or in lump sums. There may be designs in some
countries where bills and death expenses plus catering for after funeral expenses
should be included in Policy Premium.

As with most insurance policies, life insurance is a contract between the insurer and
the policy owner whereby a benefit is paid to the designated beneficiaries if an
insured event occurs which is covered by the policy.

The value for the policyholder is derived, not from an actual claim event, rather it is
the value derived from the 'peace of mind' experienced by the policyholder, due to the
negating of adverse financial consequences caused by the death of the Life Assured.
To be a life policy the insured event must be based upon the lives of the people named
in the policy.



                                         15
There is a difference between the insured and the policy owner (policy holder),
although the owner and the insured are often the same person. For example, if Joe
buys a policy on his own life, he is both the owner and the insured. But if Jane, his
wife, buys a policy on Joe's life, she is the owner and he is the insured. The policy
owner is the guarantee and he or she will be the person who will pay for the policy.
The insured is a participant in the contract, but not necessarily a party to it.

The beneficiary receives policy proceeds upon the insured's death. The owner
designates the beneficiary, but the beneficiary is not a party to the policy. The owner
can change the beneficiary unless the policy has an irrevocable beneficiary
designation. With an irrevocable beneficiary, that beneficiary must agree to any
beneficiary changes, policy assignments, or cash value borrowing

Life insurance may be divided into two basic classes – temporary and permanent or
following subclasses - term, universal, whole life and endowment life insurance. Term
assurance: provides for life insurance coverage for a specified term of years for a
specified premium. The policy does not accumulate cash value. Term is generally
considered "pure" insurance, where the premium buys protection in the event of death
and nothing else.

Permanent life insurance is life insurance that remains in force (in-line) until the
policy matures (pays out), unless the owner fails to pay the premium when due (the
policy expires OR policies lapse). The four basic types of permanent insurance are
whole life, universal life, limited pay and endowment.

3.5.1 Benefits of life insurance

Life Insurance provides the dual benefits of savings and security. The following
benefits explain why this investment tool should be an integral part of your financial
plans.

     Risk Cover - Life today is full of uncertainties; in this scenario Life
      Insurance ensures that your loved ones continue to enjoy a good quality of
      life against any unforeseen event.

     Planning for life stage needs - Life Insurance not only provides for financial
      support in the event of untimely death but also acts as a long term investment.
      You can meet your goals, be it your children's education, their marriage,
      building your dream home or planning a relaxed retired life, according to
      your life stage and risk appetite. Traditional life insurance policies i.e.
      traditional endowment plans, offer in-built guarantees and defined maturity
      benefits through variety of product options such as Money Back, Guaranteed
      Cash Values, Guaranteed Maturity Values.


                                        16
 Protection against rising health expenses - Life Insurers through riders or
  stand alone health insurance plans offer the benefits of protection against
  critical diseases and hospitalization expenses. This benefit has assumed
  critical importance given the increasing incidence of lifestyle diseases and
  escalating medical costs.

 Builds the habit of thrift - Life Insurance is a long-term contract where as
  policyholder, you have to pay a fixed amount at a defined periodicity. This
  builds the habit of long-term savings. Regular savings over a long period
  ensures that a decent corpus is built to meet financial needs at various life
  stages.

 Safe and profitable long-term investment - Life Insurance is a highly
  regulated sector. IRDA, the regulatory body, through various rules and
  regulations ensures that the safety of the policyholder's money is the primary
  responsibility of all stakeholders. Life Insurance being a long-term savings
  instrument, also ensures that the life insurers focus on returns over a long-
  term and do not take risky investment decisions for short term gains.

 Assured income through annuities - Life Insurance is one of the best
  instruments for retirement planning. The money saved during the earning life
  span is utilized to provide a steady source of income during the retired phase
  of life.


 Protection plus savings over a long term - Since traditional policies are
  viewed both by the distributors as well as the customers as a long term
  commitment; these policies help the policyholders meet the dual need of
  protection and long term wealth creation efficiently.

 Growth through dividends - Traditional policies offer an opportunity to
  participate in the economic growth without taking the investment risk. The
  investment income is distributed among the policyholders through annual
  announcement of dividends/bonus.


 Facility of loans without affecting the policy benefits - Policyholders have
  the option of taking loan against the policy. This helps you meet your
  unplanned life stage needs without adversely affecting the benefits of the
  policy they have bought.




                                  17
     Tax Benefits-Insurance plans provide attractive tax-benefits for both at the
      time of entry and exit under most of the plans.

     Mortgage Redemption- Insurance acts as an effective tool to cover
      mortgages and loans taken by the policyholders so that, in case of any
      unforeseen event, the burden of repayment does not fall on the bereaved
      family




3.6 Ceylinco life history

From its inception almost half a century ago, Ceylinco has led the way in the
commercial development of Sri Lanka. The story of its founding, fostering and
flowering is closely allied to that of the nation itself - the island state's emergence as a
model economy in the developing world. The Ceylinco success story is a reflection of
the beliefs and aspirations of two entrepreneurs - a pioneering father and his equally
dynamic son.


Ceylinco Consolidated is led by Deshamanya Dr Lalith Kotelawala, son of the late
Senator Justin Kotelawala Ceylinco, an abbreviation of Ceylon Insurance Company,
became the first registered company in Sri Lanka in 1939, and the only indigenous
business dealing in insurance - a sector that was the domain of British colonial firms
up until then.

The late Senator Justin Kotelawala's dream to establish and encourage an indigenous
entrepreneurial spirit in the people of Sri Lanka is a living reality today. He dared to
dream and never lost sight of it. His legacy of thinking big lives on, even today, in
every existing and new Ceylinco venture that is born




                                          18
3.6.1 Ceylinco Insurance Life


Established in 1987, Ceylinco insurance is today in the enviable position of being the
leading private sector insurer for over a decade. It is currently placed among the
country's blue chip companies. The premium income of the division exceeded Rs.
2.15 billion in 2001 -the highest recorded by a private sector insurer in Sri Lanka.
With Life insurance and annuity products being the core business areas, it has
developed the largest network of insurance agents, who can be accessed by customers
in the remotest parts of the country. A dedicated sales force, professionally trained in
Life insurance, supports the vision of covering every Sri Lankan with a Ceylinco Life
policy.

Quick and fair claims settlement with minimum fuss and an islandwide network of 77
computerized branches are some of the attributes that customers have come to
appreciate. The Life Fund of the company has exceeded Rs. 6 billion, indicating the
fastest growing Life Fund in the industry.


Ceylinco Insurance has also produced the first batch of Diploma holders from the
prestigious Life Underwriters Training Council in the US, and it is the only Sri
Lankan company to send the highest number of participants to the famous Million
Dollar Round Table (MDRT). Recent innovations pioneered in the Life insurance
industry include a unique insurance policy for ladies, a cash bonus for policyholders,
surgical insurance cover, and granting of scholarships to policyholders' children.
Undoubtedly, the company's innovative policies and its professional sales force will
enable it to reach the overall leadership in the industry in Sri Lanka.




3.6.2 Service providing by Ceylinco Insurance Company

Ceylinco Insurance plans

01 Pranama

Ceylinco Life Pranama is a special scholarship scheme starting from the year 5
scholarship right upto university. This scholarship scheme was introduced in late 2001
and the first ever scholarship award ceremony was held in January 2002. Those
eligible for the Ceylinco Life Pranama Scholarship scheme will only be children of
Ceylinco Life Policyholders who achieve the highest academic results district-wise. If
child excels in studies, sports, culture, arts and even if child has invented something
new and gained recognition, you may apply for a Ceylinco Pranama Scholarship.




                                        19
02. Advance Payment


Ceylinco Life Advance payment policy pays advance payments regularly & pays the
balance amount at maturity with bonuses. The life Cover is not reduced although the
advance payments are paid periodically

03. Double Growth

The Life Cover and the Maturity Benefit both grow by 10 or 5 per cent per year in this
new product, aptly branded “Ceylinco Life Double Growth” ensuring that the value of
the policy grows with each year, holding its own against inflation and other
investment options in the market


04. Divisayura

Ceylinco Life Divisayura is specialized product which provides an affordable life
cover for fishermen in the coastal belt of the country, in keeping with the company’s
vision of providing a life cover for every family.



05. 65 Plus

For the first time life insurance policyholders will be covered for critical illness after
the age of 65. "65plus" from Ceylinco life is the unique scheme to cover loyal
policyholders for 20 critical illnesses even after they reach 65 years. Any policyholder
who has been a policyholder for 10 years and age above 65 years could benefit under
this scheme. All health insurance policies cease its benefits once the policyholder
reaches 65 years. Ceylinco Life insurance policyholders however need not to worry as
they will be covered for 20 critical illnesses for their life time. Once a policyholder
reaches 65 years and has been a policyholder for 10 years he / she will qualify to
benefit under the 65 plus scheme




06 Aloka

“Ceylinco Life Aloka" scheme is an Education Grant, which mainly aims at extending
financial assistance to the children of deceased policyholders. This scheme ensures
that the loss of his or her guardian will not result in the disruption of a bereaved
child's education. Under this scheme a monthly allowance of Rs. 1,500/- will be paid
to the parent/guardian for 03 years.



                                         20
07. Endowment

Ceylinco Life Endowment is a very attractive product from Ceylinco Life. This is
providing life insurance in the most flexible way, customizing to each customer.




08 FIB

Ceylinco Life FIB can replace an income for the period of 10 years after the death of
wage earner and the dependents/beneficiaries will be guaranteed a lump sum payment
for 10 years for them to meet their expenses



09 Yearly Benefits

This is a Single premium plan, where an annual payment to be paid out at the end of
each policy year. The Annual payment percentage will be declared at the beginning of
each year. The Single premium will be returned at the maturity of the policy.
There is a Death benefit attached to this cover after the first 12 months, which is
105% of the Single Premium.




10. Ceylinco Life Retirement Account (CRA)

Statistics show that one in every four Sri Lankan will be over 60 years of age very
soon. What if you’re that one person? When that happens, have you thought about
who will look after you? Ceylinco Life Retirement Account has been developed to
address this issue in order that your retirement will be taken care of, so you won’t
have to depend on anyone in the future. This flexible Retirement Plan will support
you, as well as your family.

11 Govi Vishrama

This product is designed specially to provide financial assistance to farmers who are
not secured in terms of benefits at their retiring age. It offers several options for the
policyholders to pay the premium after receiving a bountiful harvest so that financial
constraints will not affect the continuity of the benefits. Customers may change the
premium value and as a result can decide the amount of pension to be provided at
retirement.



                                         21
12 Major Surgery

As you may have realized, the cost of surgical operations keep increasing day by day.
The high cost of medicine, equipment and fees levied by specialized surgeons, all
contribute to the amounting expenses, it usually adds to your expenditure. But now,
thanks to “Ceylinco Life Major Surgery”, you can avail yourself for almost any type
of surgery with no significant expenditure.


13. Jeewa Yathra

Ceylinco Life Jeewayathra guarantees a steady monthly income to look positively
towards the future at a time, when one is faced with the reality of physical disability.
We, at Ceylinco Life can help you to deal with this situation. Of course we know that
nothing can compensate for total disability. But, we can give you the necessary
financial support & peace of mind by providing you with a guaranteed monthly
income on total and permanent disability, a guaranteed lump sum payment on partial
disability and a guaranteed lump sum payment in case of death due to an accident




14. Yugadivi

Ceylinco Life YUGADIVI is offered as a special privilege to the Spouse of a
Ceylinco Life Policyholder, enabling a Policyholder to extend cover to his or her
spouse, for the same sum assured - for a few rupees more. Opting for the YUGADIVI
Privilege is not only convenient, but it also strengthens family security - particularly if
the spouse contributes to the family income.




15 Digasiri Plus

Life is full of uncertainties. When critical illnesses strike the effect is shattering. It
paralyses you and your family, emotionally, physically, and economically. Ceylinco
Life Digasiri, the first critical illness policy covers you and your family for 25 critical
illnesses. This unique Critical Illness Policy pays you on diagnosis or upon
undergoing surgery.




                                          22
16 Pradeepa

The unique feature would be that it offers a life cover of Rs. 100,000/= for a term of 5
years for only one single payment of Rs. 1250/=. The maximum cover under the new
scheme is Rs. 400,000/=. No hassles of going for medical examinations, just a simple
application to be filled and the policy will be delivered within a day.



17 Randaru

Ceylinco Life Ran Daru is the means by which every loving father can fulfill his
hopes and dreams for his precious child. If, unexpectedly, you aren’t there for your
child anymore, your plans for your child’s future development will be a reality with
Ceylinco Life Ran Daru, while the shadow of your love watches over your precious
child.




18 Ceylinco Life Retirement Fund (CRF)

The Ceylinco Life Retirement Fund (CRF) unlike other retirement funds is flexible,
giving you total control of how you enjoy and reap the benefits of your retirement. It
lets you decide exactly how you get paid and at what age you retire. CRF offers you
additional benefits to help you in your retirement.




19 Shilpa

Thinking about the further education needs of your child when planning for her/his
future is a concern that many parents share. No matter how much you plan for their
future it is impossible to predict whether you will have the financial stability to give
them the education that they deserve.




20 Supreme

Ceylinco Life Supreme, the investment oriented investment plan, is the only life
policy that pays the full policy value at maturity without any deductions of the
generous periodic payments that are made every 4 years. In addition, the policy value
at maturity is further enhanced by dividends”



                                        23
21 Uthum

Uthum is a comprehensive insurance policy that covers you and your dependants.
What is unique about Ceylinco Life Uthum is that even after receiving your benefits
at maturity; Ceylinco Life Uthum continues to provide a lifetime cover for no
additional fee.




22 Sipsetha

The first-ever Education Plan –it’s unique, in that it protects your child's future and
provides for education. SIPSETHA pays Education Annuities during the decisive
Ordinary Level, Advanced Level and higher studies years. More importantly,
SIPSETHA will triple the Annuity and waive further payment of premium, if your
child is left without your support. SIPSETHA will help you provide your child with
the all-important extra help, to help him or her emerge above the rest in competitive
examinations.




23 Family Hospital Cash

With Ceylinco Life Family Hospital Cash, you get a daily payment in the event of
your hospitalization and you are paid for every day in hospital. In case you are
admitted to intensive care unit you will be paid an additional Rs.2, 500/- per day,
irrespective of your payments already taken.




                                        24
                                    CHAPTER-04

                       RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

4.1 Introduction

The system of collecting data for research projects is known as research methodology.
The data may be collected for either theoretical or practical research for example
management research may be strategically conceptualized along with operational
planning methods and change management. Research methodology is where you
describe the how goanna gather information (methods) this can be survey interview,
litterateur review etc. And then explain each method what are they, what you will do
in each method.

Some important factors in research methodology include validity of research data,
Ethics and the reliability of measures most of your work is finished by the time you
finish the analysis of data.

Formulating of research questions along with sampling weather probable or non
probable is followed by measurement that includes surveys and scaling. This is
followed by research design, which may be either experimental or quasi-experimental.
Methodology includes a philosophically coherent collection of theories, concepts or
ideas as they relate to a particular discipline or field of inquiry: [citation needed]




4.2 Method of data collection

Method of data collection explains the type of data required for this research and
structure.

4.2.1 Type of data

Source of data can be classified in to two. Those are,

  I.   Primary data
 II.   Secondary data

 Primary data

Primary data is data that we collect ourselves. It is the information that is developed
or gathered by the researcher specifically for the research project to be done. Primary
data are the facts and figures that are newly collected for a rese




                                        25
  In this research following sources collect the primary data.

               1. Interview
               2. Questionnaires

 Secondary data
  Secondary data will be obtained from the following ways.

               1. Annual report of ceylinco insurance 2008
               2. Policy book
               3. Magazine

  4.2.2 Structure of the questionnaire

  The questionnaire is divided into two parts.

      1. Personal information
      2. Research information

  Personal information of customer retaining consists of age, sex, civil status,
  educational qualification, occupation, income.

  There are 10 questions include in the questionnaire to collect the data. Those are
  Research information.

  4.3 Method of data presentation and analysis

  Any research finally leads to a result, which would be analyzed, from the data that
  have been received by the researcher. Data analysis is meant to be the most sensitive
  part of any research work. On achieving this various methods can be adopted there are
  three different methods using for data analysis such as univariate analysis method is
  adopted.

  Statistic that describe one variable are called univariate statistic. The univariate
  analysis consists of mean, standard deviation, percentage etc. Although the mean
  most commonly seen representation of central tendency and the standard deviation
  takes into account each observation’s distance from the mean.

  The obtained data were presented through table based on the percentages of the
  respondents and were analysis through spread sheet under the univariate measures
  such as mean, standard deviation.




                                          26
4.4 Method of data evaluation

After the data analysis, it must be evaluated to get the decision. Here the decision
rule will be applied. That is univariate measures calculated to the decision. The
likert’s scale is given 1-4 to each statement in the questionnaires. Based on the value
indicated in the questionnaire, the average value for each factor is considered. The
mean value lies between 1- 4 which strongly disagrees to strongly agree.

Indicate of four points liker are as follows.

   1)   Strongly disagree
   2)   Disagree
   3)   Agree
   4)   Strongly agree



                            1       2         3      4


Further three types of degree of consideration that can be derived regarding
differentiation variables are show in the following table.

Table5.1 decision criteria for univariate analysis



                            Range                           Decision attribute
                1<X=<2.5                          Lower level retention
                2.5<X=3.5                         Moderate level retention
                3.5<X=5.0                         Higher level retention




                                         27
                                    CHAPTER-05

                  DATA PRESENTATION & ANALYSIS



5.1 Introduction

This chapter contains the data presentation and analysis in which personal data and
research variable. Data were Presentation and analysis. In this process all the collected
data from 100 samples have been categorized and analyzed on the following basis.

The data from customers are being analyzed in two categories as personal &Research
information.

This chapter contains the data presentation and analysis in which personal data and
research variable. Data were Presentation and analysis.




5.2 Personal information

As the research is to identify the customers retain of Cylinco insurance in Badulla
branch. In customer retaining is base on the customer satisfaction. Age, sex, civil
status, education level, occupation, income are decided the satisfaction.

5.2.1 Age distribution

Age distribution pattern of the customer in Badulla branch it’s represented by the
sample100. Age distribution class was categories in to four classes. 17% of customer
represented under the age category of below 18 years. 23% represent under the age
category of 18-35years. 31% and 29% of customers represent under the age category
of 36-50years and over 50 years. This following table 6.1 shows this information.

Table 5.1 Age distribution

    Age distribution                   Frequency              Percentage
    Below 18 years                              08                  08%
    18-35 years                                 23                  23%
    36-50 years                                 45                  45%
    Over 50 years                               24                  24%
    Total                                      100                 100%

Source: Survey Data



                                         28
Figure 5.1 Age distribution



                          Age distribution


               24%          8%
                                  23%           Below 18 years
                                                18-35 years
                                                36-50 years
                    45%
                                                Over 50 years




Source: Survey Data

5.2.2 Gender

In this research the factor of gender represent 64% of sample male & 36% of sample
as female. This information is shows in the table 6.2.

Table 5.2 Gender

                Sex                 Frequency           Percentage
      Male                               64                    64%
      Female                             36                    36%
      Total                             100                   100%

Source: Survey Data

Figure 5.2 Gender

                                     Sex


                      36%
                                        64%                    Male
                                                               Female




                                        29
5.2.3 Civil status

The following table 6.3 shows civil status of sample. Out of 100 samples, 46%
samples were unmarried and 54% of samples were married. This information is shows
in the table 6.3.

Table 5.3 Civil status


      Civil status                    Frequency      Percentage
      Unmarried                             46          46%
      Married                               54          54%
      Total                                100         100%
Figure 5.3 Civil status



                             Civil status



                                    46%
                  54%                              Unmarried

                                                   Married




5.2.4 Education Qualification

In the following table presents education qualification. That 12% of samples were
found in the category of up to year 11 and 24% found to be G.C.E. O/L. 32% & 08%
were G.C.E. A/L, graduates respectively. 24% were other higher qualification.

Table 5.4 Education Qualification

            Education Qualification               Frequency        Percentage
            Up to year 11                             12               12%
            G.C.E. O/L                                24               24%
            G.C.E. A/L                                32               32%
            Graduate                                  08               08%
            Other higher qualification                24               24%
            Total                                    100              100%


       Source: Survey Data


                                          30
Figure 5.4 Education Qualification




                             Education Qualification

                                                             Up to year 11
                                      12%
                       24%
                                                             G.C.E. O/L
                                                 24%
            8%
                                                             G.C.E. A/L

                                32%                          Graduate

                                                             Other higher
                                                             qualification




Source: Survey Data




5.2.5 Occupation

The following table 6.5 shows occupation. 10% fount professional, 36% were found
be teachers & 13% were clerical. 33% and 08% of customers represent under the
occupation category of unskilled workers & students.

Table 5.5 Occupation

       Occupation                           Frequency       Percentage
       professional                             10             10%
       teacher                                  36             36%
       clerical                                 13             13%
       unskilled workers                        33             33%
       students                                 08             08%
       Total                                   100            100%
Source: Survey Data




                                       31
Figure 5.5 Occupation


                               Occupation


                        8%
                              10%
                                                    professional
         33%
                                          36%       teacher
                                                    clerical
                        13%                         unskilled workers
                                                    students




Source: Survey Data




5.2.6 Income

Income was categories in to four classes. 24% customer represents the income below
Rs 10000.46% & 25% customer represents the income range Rs 10000-20000& Rs
20000-30000 respectively. 15% represent above Rs 5000. Those were in the
following table 6.6.

Table 5.6 Income


                Income range           Frequency           Percentage
          Below Rs 10000                   20                 20%
          Rs 10000-20000                   42                 42%
          Rs 20000-30000                   25                 25%
          Above Rs 300000                  13                 13%
          Total                           100                100%

Source: Survey Data




                                     32
Figure 5.6 Income



                            Income range


                      13%           20%

               25%
                                                   Below Rs 10000
                              42%                  Rs 10000-20000
                                                   Rs 20000-30000
                                                   Above Rs 300000




Source: Survey Data




5.3 Research Information

The data collected from 100 life insurance holders who were statement in order to
evaluate. There are calculated the mean & standard deviation to evaluated the
research details.

       Mean           =       Σfx

                              Σf



       Standard deviation =




                                          33
5.3.2. Evaluated Research data

Question 01

Comparing another Company service do you think that ceylinco insurance
company service have a good quality?

Table 5.7


                              x            f           fx          x2     fx2

Strongly disagree             1           3             3          1        3
Disagree                      2          15            30          4       60
Agree                         3          57           171          9      513
Strongly agree                4           25          100          16     400
                                         100          304          30     976

Mean             = 304/100

                 = 3.04
                                                               2
Standard deviation        =       976      -          304

                                  100                 100

                          =       9.76     -          3.04 2

                          =       9.76     -          9.2416

                          =       0.5148

Figure 5.7



   80
   70
   60
   50
   40
   30
   20
   10
    0
         Strongly     Disagree      Agree           Strongly
         disagree                                    agree
                                                                        Source: Survey Data



                                               34
Question 02

You can get best service from ceylinco insurance company?

Table 5.8


                           x              f           fx         x2            fx2
Strongly
disagree                   1               9           9             1           9
Disagree                   2              18          36             4          72
Agree                      3              59         177             9         531
Strongly agree             4           14             56         16            224
                                      100            278         30            836

Mean              = 278/100

                  = 2.78
                                                                     2
Standard deviation         =          836      -           278

                                     100                   100

                           =         8.36      -            2.78 2

                           =         8.36      -           7.7284

                           =         0.6316

Figure 5.8



   80
   70
   60
   50
   40
   30
   20
   10
    0
             Strongly          Disagree            Agree      Strongly agree
             disagree


Source: Survey Data

                                                    35
Question 03

The life insurance plans of the ceylinco insurance company provide highest
benefits for you?

Table 5.9


                                    x            f           fx        x2    fx2
             Strongly
             disagree               1            7            7         1      7
             Disagree               2           13           26         4     52
             Agree                  3           59          177         9    531
             Strongly agree         4            21          84        16    336
                                                100         294        30    926
Mean             = 294/100

                 = 2.94
                                                                 2
Standard deviation        =        926      -         294

                                   100                100

                          =        9.26   -             2.94 2

                          =        9.26     -         8.6436

                          =        0.6164

Figure 5.9



   80
   70
   60
   50
   40
   30
   20
   10
    0
             Strongly         Disagree          Agree       Strongly agree
             disagree


Source: Survey Data


                                                36
Question 04

The insurance plans, policies & procedure of ceylinco insurance company are
understand able easily?

Table 5.10

                        x              f         fx            x2         fx2
 Strongly
 disagree               1            3            3             1           3
 Disagree               2           14           28             4          56
 Agree                  3           47          141             9         423
 Strongly agree         4           36          144            16         576
                                   100          316            30        1058

Mean           =316/100

               = 3.16
                                                                 2
Standard deviation      =          1058 -              316

                                  100                  100

                        =         10.58    -            3.16 2

                        =         10.58 -              9.9856

                        =         0.5944

Figure 5.10



   80
   70
   60
   50
   40
   30
   20
   10
    0
          Strongly          Disagree           Agree         Strongly agree
          disagree


Source: Survey Data

                                               37
Question 05

The premium payment of the ceylinco insurance company is less than other
insurance company?

Table 5.11

                               x           f             fx           x2       fx2
     Strongly
     disagree                  1           2              2           1          2
     Disagree                  2          16             32           4         64
     Agree                     3          68            204           9        612
     Strongly agree            4           14            56           16       224
                                          100           294           30       902

Mean             = 294/100

                 = 2.94
                                                                  2
Standard deviation        =        902      -           294

                                   100                  100

                          =        9.02    -             2.94 2

                          =        9.02     -           8.6436

                          =        0.3764

Figure 5.11



   80
   70
   60
   50
   40
   30
   20
   10
    0
             Strongly         Disagree          Agree         Strongly agree
             disagree

Source: Survey Data


                                                38
Question 06

Are you paid premiums on that time?

Table 5.12

                         x              f         fx             x2        fx2
 Strongly
 disagree                1           6             6             1          6
 Disagree                2          36            72             4         144
 Agree                   3          40           120             9         360
 Strongly agree          4           18           72             16        288
                                    100          270             30        798


Mean             = 270/100

                 = 2.7
                                                                 2
Standard deviation       =         798      -           270

                                   100                  100

                         =         7.98     -            2.7 2

                         =         7.98     -           7.29

                         =         0.69

Figure 5.12



   80
   70
   60
   50
   40
   30
   20
   10
    0
             Strongly        Disagree           Agree         Strongly agree
             disagree


Source: Survey Data


                                                39
Question 07

Do you feel that your ceylinco insurance company agent is sufficiently skillful &
honest to give you’re an effective service?

Table 5.13

                             x                f          fx          x2   fx2
    Strongly disagree        1               2             2         1      2
    Disagree                 2              16            32         4     64
    Agree                    3              75           225         9    675
    Strongly agree           4             7              28         16   112
                                          100            287         30   853

Mean           = 287/100

               = 2.87
                                                                 2
Standard deviation      =        853      -            287

                                 100                   100

                        =        8.53   -               2.87 2

                        =        8.53     -            8.2369

                        =        0.2931

Figure 5.13



   80
   70
   60
   50
   40
   30
   20
   10
    0
          Strongly      Disagree              Agree      Strongly agree
          disagree


Source: Survey Data


                                                  40
Question 08

Are you satisfied the ceylinco insurance company policy & benefits?

Table 5.14

                             x                f          fx          x2   fx2
    Strongly disagree        1               0             0         1      0
    Disagree                 2              10            20         4     40
    Agree                    3              74           222         9    666
    Strongly agree           4             16             64         16   256
                                          100            306         30   962

Mean           =306/100

               = 3.06
                                                                 2
Standard deviation      =        962      -            306

                                 100                   100

                        =        9.62   -               3.06 2

                        =        9.62     -            9.3636

                        =        0.2564

Figure 5.14



   60

   50

   40

   30

   20

   10

    0
          Strongly      Disagree            Agree        Strongly agree
          disagree


Source: Survey Data



                                                  41
Question 09

Do you Recommend ceylinco insurance company to your friends?

Table 5.15


                                   x                f             fx   x2   fx2
        Strongly disagree          1                             2     1      2
        Disagree                   2                            28     4     56
        Agree                      3                           126     9    378
        Strongly agree             4                           168     16    672
                                                100            324     30   1108



Mean           = 324/100

               = 3.24
                                                                  2
Standard deviation      =        1108     -             324

                                 100                    100

                        =        11.08     -             3.24 2

                        =        11.08 -                10.4976

                        =        0.5824

Figure 5.15



  60

  50

  40

  30

  20

  10

    0
         Strongly     Disagree     Agree            Strongly
         disagree                                    agree


Source: Survey Data


                                               42
Question 10

Do you like work or held the relationship between you & ceylinco insurance company
at long time?

Table 5.16

                               x              f          fx          x2   fx2
    Strongly disagree          1              1            1         1      1
    Disagree                   2              5           10         4     20
    Agree                      3             58          174         9    522
    Strongly agree             4              36         144         16    576
                                             100         329         30   1119

Mean            = 329/100

                = 3.29
                                                                 2
Standard deviation       =          1119 -             329

                                    100                100

                         =          11.19    -          3.29 2

                         =          11.19 -            10.8241

                         =          0.3659

Figure 5.16



   60

   50

   40

   30

   20

   10

    0
          Strongly       Disagree           Agree        Strongly
          disagree                                        agree


Source: Survey Data



                                                  43
5.3.2 Customer Retention

Table 5.17 Overall Questionnaire means & stranded deviation value




                                                                                                Standard
                                                                                                deviation
                                                           Disagree
                                                Strongly




                                                                              Strongly
                                                disagree




                                                                      Agree
                  Statements




                                                                                         Mean
                                                                              agree
1) Comparing another Company service do
   you think that ceylinco insurance
   company service have a good quality?
                                                 3             15      57      25        3.04 0.51

2) You can get best service from ceylinco
   insurance company?                            9             18      59      14        2.78 0.63

3) The life insurance plans of the ceylinco
   insurance company provide highest             7             13      59      21        2.94 0.65
   benefits for you?

4) The insurance plans, policies &
   procedure of ceylinco insurance company       3             14      47      36        3.16 0.59
   are understand able easily?

5) The preumim payment of the ceylinco
   insurance company is less than other          2             16      68      14        2.94 0.38
   insurance company?

6) Are you paid premiums on that time?           6             36      40      18        2.7    0.70
7) Do you fell that your ceylinco insurance
   company agent is sufficiently skillful &
   honest to give you’re an effective            2             16      75      7         2.87 0.29
   service?

8) Are you satisfied the ceylinco insurance
   company policy & benefits?                    0             10      74      16        3.06 0.26
9) Do you Recommend ceylinco insurance
   company to your friends?                      2             14      42      42        3.24 0.58
10) Do you like work or held the relationship
    between you & ceylinco insurance
                                                 1               5     58      36        3.29 0.37
    company at long time?


Source: Survey Data


                                           44
Figure 5.17 Overall Questionnaire means & stranded deviation value




   3.5


     3


   2.5


     2                                                                  Mean

   1.5                                                                  Standard
                                                                        deviation
     1


   0.5


     0
          1     2     3         4   5     6    7       8      9    10



                                    Question numbers

Source: Survey Data

The dependent variable of Customer Retention of life insurance was measured by
here. The mean value is 3.002 and stranded deviation 0.496.

Table 5.17 Overall customer retention means & stranded deviation value

                                                                        Stranded
                 No of respondent                          Mean
                                                                        deviation

                          100                              3.002         0.496


Source: Survey Data



In this chapter collected data presented in the table and pie & column chart was
analysis. It considers of the personal & research information. Overall analysis of
factors determines the customer retention of the ceylinco insurance life policies.




                                        45
                                   CHAPTER-06

                CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION

6.1 Introduction

This chapter explores conclusion and recommendation of the research finding through
the data obtain from 100 samples of respondents who enjoy the variety of life
insurance policy of ceylinco insurance. Conclusion about levels of customer retention
of ceylinco insurance, according to collected from research information. Finally
recommendations are provided for the outcomes of each statement to improve the
level of customer retention.




6.2 Conclusions

The data was collected from the customer’s retention of the ceylinco insurance
company badulla branch. The collected data analyzed in the earliest chapter.

Based on the percentage of the customers 100 sample size was collected. The age,
gender, civil status, education qualification, occupation, monthly income, was
analyzed in the personal information the questionnaire. According to the collected
personal information, most of the sample customers were middle age, get married,
educated, higher income customers who got life insurance.

The reason for increasing insurance demand middle age is,

       1. They are employees and they have family.
       2. They wish to serve a part of money in their income for future.
       3. They have interested their children’s future
       4. Uncertainly of country situation.




The reason for the high percentage of male are,

       1. Male are the main income earning personal in the family.
       2. The males have the responsibility to the lead their family.
       3. Many males take the risk for their job & their lead a risk bearing
           employment.



                                       46
       4. Male do the heavy works.
       5. Most of the business leaders are male

 The married peoples are interested in the taken insurance for the benefit of there
partner as well as their children & the medical expenses. Generally educated people
easily understand every matter so most of graduate & other higher qualifications
clearly understand benefit of insurance policies. They take insurance in the reasons
mainly contribute increase the percentage of customers.

According to analyzed research data the ceylinco insurance company has moderate
customer retention. Because customers don’t know about the insurance plans,
benefits, quality, other service. Customers obtain & understand difficult to insurance
policies,

6.3 Recommendations

The ceylinco insurance company in badulla branch has to take some action ti terrain
its customers for long time.

            Introduce new insurance policies to customers
            Free premium for continuous purchase
            Give chance to the customers who failed to pay the premium
            Give some gifts
            Increase the promotion tools (advertising, personal selling)
            Establish membership cards and membership programs
            Satisfaction surveys, followed up by phone calls and letters
            Frequent buyer programs which permit customers to build up equity
            Databases that keep track of customer’s purchases, preferences,
              complements and complaints, which are used to carry out loyalty
              building services and dialogs.
            Integrated    marketing    programs    where   the   advertising,   direct
              communications, customer service, database marketing and sales
              programs are all orchestrated together and designed to build loyalty.
            Segmentation of the customer base by lifetime value groups, and
              different marketing programs designed for each segment.




                                       47
PART 01

Personnel Details

Please tick “X” in the correct answer

   1. Age

        Below 18 years

       18-36 years

       36-35 years

       Over 50 years

   2. Gender

       Male                                  Female

   3. Civil status

       Single                                Married



   4. Education Qualifications

        Up to year 11

        G.C.E. O/L

        G.C. E. A/L

        Graduate

        Other qualification

   5. Occupation

        Professional

        Teacher

        Clerical

        Unskilled workers




                                        48
   6. Monthly income

            Below Rs 10000

            Rs 10000-20000

            Rs 20000-30000

            Above Rs 300000


PART 02

Research Details
Evaluate the statement on the basis of the point given below

       1.   Strongly disagree
       2.   Disagree
       3.   Agree
       4.   Strongly agree




   7   Comparing another Company service do you think that ceylinco insurance
       company service have a good quality?

                             1       2        3       4


    8 You can get best service from ceylinco insurance company?

                                 1   2            3       4




    9 The life insurance plans of the ceylinco insurance company provide highest
      benefits for you?

                                 1   2            3       4




   10 The insurance plans, policies & procedure of ceylinco insurance company are
      understand able easily?


                                         49
                          1       2        3     4




11 The preumim payment of the ceylinco insurance company is less than other
   insurance company?

                          1       2        3     4




12 Are you paid premiums on that time?

                          1       2        3     4




13 Do you feel that your ceylinco insurance company agent is sufficiently
   skillful & honest to give you’re an effective service?

                          1       2        3     4




14 Are you satisfied the ceylinco insurance company policy & benefits?

                          1       2        3     4




15 Do you Recommend ceylinco insurance company to your friends?

                          1       2        3     4




16 Do you like work or held the relationship between you & ceylinco insurance
   company at long time?

                          1       2        3     4




                                      50
                            REFERENCES




1. Lecturer notes
   Customer service management
   Mr. Jayapalan


2. F:\projet\44\Retention\Customer retention calculation
   metrics.mhtANSWERS.COM (2009) customer retention


3. F:\projet\44\Retention\Customer Retention_ Definition from
   Answers.com.mht


4. F:\projet\44\advantages\Customer Retention - Benefits.mht

5. http://www.dbmarketing.com/index.html




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