As I Knew It In Early Days by jianglifang


									Volume 28, Number 2                                                                                                                  Fall 2010

                                                  As I Knew It In Early Days

Wilhelmine F. Bolsted Cianciarulo

Wilhelmine Fredrikie Bolsted was born in 1877 in California, probably in San Francisco, of
Norwegian parents. In 1910 she was living with her sister Elsie, a vocal musician, singer and
teacher. Around 1917, she married Joseph Cianciarulo, born in 1892. His parents were from
Italy and the family lived on Fourth Street, near the Bolsted family. In 1920, Wilhelmine,
Joseph, and Elsie were all living at 1221 The Alameda. Joseph worked as a book binder at a
lithography company, Wilhemine continued teaching, and Elsie continued her music career.
Wilhemine died in 1951 and Joseph died in 1958. They had no children. – ML

   In the spring of 1883 Father and Mother        through the gaps into the water below. It         one was erected a few years later. There
decided to move to Berkeley. They had 1ived       really did happen now and then. Such old-         was a parade, a program, the first band and
in San Francisco since 1870. I was six years      time boats as the El Capitan and the              speeches for the occasion. Freight was carried
old. There were Indians still living in San       Newark ferried the people across to the           across the bay on the ferryboat Mare Island,
Francisco. I remember one old chief. He was       Oakland Pier. The accommodations there            which docked at a small wharf at the end of
about seven feet tall. He dressed in a silk hat   were just as poor.                                University Avenue.
that someone had given him and an Indian                                                                Old Jacobs Landing was another wharf
                                                      The Berkeley train took passengers to Shell
blanket and overalls. He always stopped                                                             two blocks farther north. Captain Jacobs built
                                                  Mound Park, near where 60th Street crosses
mothers and wanted to shake hands with the                                                          it for his own use. The Jacobs home is still
                                                  the Main Line tracks. There they transferred
children. Most of the little folks screamed at
                                                  the passengers to a train composed of an          standing at Delaware and Fourth streets. Miss
the sight of him. I didn’t dare to make a fuss,
                                                  engine and a car that was divided into two        Louise Jacobs, now Mrs.Titcomb, was my
but I almost died of fright when mother told
                                                  compartments. The larger half of the car          teacher when I was in my third year at school.
me that he was harmless and that I should
                                                  had seats along the sides and in the middle,      Later on, Jacobs Landing was bought by the
shake hands with him. He paid me many
                                                  something like a parlor car. The rear end was     Heywood Lumber and Logging Company.
queer compliments and patted my shoulder.
                                                  a baggage section also used by smokers. This      The walk on top was loaded with boards,
   The Ferry Building in San Francisco was        little train ran on the “Overland” tracks on      planks and scantlings. Small craft, or small
built of rough boards like a barn. The place      Third Street as far as Delaware Street.           boats, were moored beside it. After a storm
where the passageway to the boat was had                                                            both boats and lumber always floated loose
                                                      At Delaware and Third streets there was a
boards laid a foot apart on the floor. Ladies                                                       around the beach.
                                                  station, a telegraph office and a Wells Fargo
and children were terribly afraid of falling
                                                  Depot built of rough material. The present
                                                                                                                           CONTINUED ON PAGE 4
                                                                     New Exhibit
                                                     Golden Bear Pioneers: UC Sports & Athletic
                                                      Traditions from Their Beginnings to 1945
                                                                   Opening Receiption Sunday, Sept. 18 from 3-5 pm

     The History Center is located in the
        Veterans’ Memorial Building
     1931 Center St., Berkeley, CA 94704
        Mailing Address: PO Box 1190
             Berkeley, CA 94701
      Hours: 1-4 pm Thursday - Saturday
                 510 848 0181

                    Margot Lind

                    Dale Smith

       B oa r d o f D i re ct o r s

 Steven Finacom                Buz Cardoza
          FIRST                    SECOND

        Phil Gale             Judy Kennedy
       TREASURER                SECRETARY

     John Aronovici             Margo Lind
      Tom Edwards               Dale Smith
        Ed Herny                Allen Stross

                                                   The opening for “Golden Bear Pioneers:     in many sports. Photographs, tickets,
                                                   UC Sports & Athletic Traditions from       programs, images and other artifacts
                                                   Their Beginnings to 1945” will be held     will be on display from the Berkeley
                                                   on Sunday, September 19 from 3-5 pm at     Historical Society and other collectors.
                                                   the Berkeley History Center, 1931 Center   Curated by Bart White and Keith Tower.
                                                   Street. The exhibit offers a glimpse       Regular hours are Thursday, Friday,
                                                   into the early history of Cal sports and   Saturday, 1-4 pm. Telephone 848-0181.
                                                   athletic traditions with a retrospective   Wheelchair accessible. Exhibit closes on
                                                   of the golden era of athletic endeavor     March 26.

                                                           Want to Purchase Historic Pictures of
                                                   KNA Copy Centre has reproductions of a select group of pictures of old Berkeley
                                                   available for sale. They are located at 1865 Solano Avenue, near the Oaks Theater.

                                                   If you don’t see what you want at KNA, the Berkeley Historical Society will make
                                                   copies of any picture in the collection for a fee.
2	         Berkeley Historical Society Fall 2010
                                                 Oral History News
                                                           Therese Pipe
Ying Lee Oral History – Judith Scherr,       one to two months. Mary Cardwell has          A Panasonic Transcriber, together
administrator for the Ying Lee Oral          agreed to do a review of the final version.   with headphones and foot pedal, have
History Project, reported in June: “Just     We also anticipate completion of this oral    been generously donated to the BHS
to let you know that we’ve completed an      history in late 2010.                         Oral History Program by Marianne
almost final draft; four readers and Ying                                                  Robinson, long-time Berkeley resident. If
                                             Paul Spenger Oral History – Linda Rosen
have proofread the text; corrections and                                                   there is anyone out there who would like
                                             continues work on this oral history
additions have been made and an index is                                                   to volunteer to transcribe some cassette
                                             concerning the Spenger Family and is
completed.” Next step, a graphic designer.                                                 tapes or create a summary, let us know
                                             fine-tuning it with family photos (with
She anticipates completion in late 2010. A                                                 and this equipment could be loaned out.
                                             help from John Aronovici and Steve
summary of the Ying Lee Working Project
                                             Rosen) and a genealogy chart. She             Margot Smith recently joined the
can be found at the Berkeley History
                                             anticipates completion soon.                  Oral History Committee and attended
Center in the Oral History files.
                                                                                           our meeting on July 1. She will be a
                                             A new “Introduction to Oral History
Kenneth H. Cardwell Oral History –                                                         welcome member with her expertise as a
                                             Workshop” will be held at Mills College
Revisions from our last major reviewer are                                                 videomaker and with digital equipment,
                                             on Saturday, September 18. It will be
being made and more detailed footnotes                                                     and with recruitment of volunteers.
                                             similar to the all-day workshop held
have been added. We are nearing a final                                                    Paul Grunland will pursue potential
                                             earlier this year. For more information,
draft and anticipate finishing work with                                                   new leadership for this committee. The
                                             contact Nancy MacKay at 510-430-2028.
the designer and indexer within the next                                                   committee plans to meet again this fall.

    Visiting Professor                                                            NEEDED
     from Australia
                                             Two Saturday Docent Assistants If you love Berkeley history this is a great
                                             opportunity for you ! We need two people, each from 1-3 pm Saturday, once a month
                                             helping others at the History center. Learn on the job. Phone 848-0181
During the week of August 9, Professor
Greg Patmore, Research Professor from        Oral History - Are you interested in compiling community oral histories of important
Sydney, Australia, visited the Berkeley      Berkeley residents and former residents? The Society is looking for someone to take
Historical Society to do research on our     responsibility for developing these histories to add to our existing collection and
collection of Berkeley Co-op historical      other details. If interested write to Therese Pipe at
materials, including oral histories, our     Photographers - We would appreciate photographs of any of our walking tours you
extensive collection of the Co-op News,      may have been on and taken pictures. We prefer digital files, but can scan prints for
and other historical data. He is the         our archives and future reference materials. If interested write Dale Smith at dale2
Director of The Co-operative Research
Group at the University of Sydney.
He also did research at UC’s Bancroft
Library and the Berkeley Public Library.

Professor Patmore is doing a comparative
                                                   Some Recent Donations to Our Archives
study of consumers cooperatives, using       Ms. Monroe – Collection about Cora Williams including photos, documents of Spring
the Berkeley Co-op as a model, since it      mansion and her family including her Berkeley photo ID fingerprint card dated 1938
was the largest consumers cooperative
                                             Judy Wilkes – 1949 calendar from Berkeley Chevron Dealer
in North America.A comparison study
will be made with Australian consumers       John Aronovici – Information and photos of the Maybeck Logo
cooperatives, both urban and Aboriginal
                                             Yukiyo R. Hayashi – Cal. Report 1993 and article about Longfellow School
co-ops. Eventually, he will include some
Canadian co-ops.                             John Underhill – Minutes book of Hillside PTA, 1947

Some of his existing articles will be sent   Margot Lind – Berkeley Farms coloring book and political buttons
to the Berkeley Historical Society, based
                                             George Rose – (Grandson of Chief Rose) Early Berkeley Fire Chief Rose’s helmet,
on his earlier findings. Dr. Patmore
                                             photos and cap of the Assistant Chief
plans to return to Berkeley next year for
further research.
                                                 What’s in your basement that could be donated to the BHS
                                                                                                Fall 2010 Berkeley Historical Society   3
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1                              gum trees, with an underbrush of thimble          They had a nurse girl who watched over them.
                                                   and blackberries. Beyond that was the San         They had a Chinese cook, also. He sold milk
                                                   Francisco Bay beach.                              to me sometimes.
   The Sisterna family from Chile, SA,
owned a farm on the south side of University          Where Allston Way should have cut                 All the neighbors had cows to provide
Avenue between Fifth and Sixth streets. The        through to the beach, between Second and          milk for their families. My folks didn’t want a
family home was located on the southwest           Third streets, there was a village of shacks      cow, so I had to go calling to buy our supply
                                                                                                     of milk each day. That milk tasted better and
                                                                                                     richer than any cream you can purchase now.

                                                                                                         Across from my home on Allston Way, Mr.
                                                                                                     and Mrs. William J. Dean raised horses for
                                                                                                     the Petaluma Race Track. Here was where I
                                                                                                     enjoyed getting acquainted with horses. Many
                                                                                                     a time I helped break a pony into being used
                                                                                                     to a harness and a cart. Horses like sugar.
                                                                                                     My father at that time was employed by the
                                                                                                     Spreckel’s Sugar Company of San Francisco.
                                                                                                     His pay was part sugar. We had to trade it for
                                                                                                     other necessities. My pockets were often filled
                                                                                                     with lumps of sugar to tame the ponies. There
                                                                                                     were times when a pony would be good for me
                                                                                                     when it had been unruly for the men. At such
                                                                                                     times I gave the pony a reward of sugar lumps.
The Train Station at Third and Deleware, circa 1890s                                                 They seemed to know I had something.

                                                                                                        We raised chickens at our place. The
corner of University Avenue and Sixth Street.      occupied by the Chinese who worked in the         eggs had to be sold or traded for meat and
Philip Sisterna, the son, was married and          soap factory. Many of these Chinese men were      groceries. I liked to help Mother do that. One
resided with his family at the southwest           married and had large families who lived in       thought nothing of walking long distances
corner of Addison and Fifth streets. He            the shacks also. I often watched them when        to a customer’s home. One day each week I
owned and operated an express business             they came out of the factory in single file, at   brought eggs to San Francisco.
between San Francisco and the East Bay             noon and at closing time. It seemed as if the
                                                                                                         On Sundays we went to church. The
farmers. His express carried our precious          line would never come to an end. They always
                                                                                                     same two churches on Bristol [Hearst] Street
furniture and plants safely to Berkeley. Our       walked in single file.
                                                                                                     are still there; they are the Westminster
new home was at the northeast corner of
                                                       Chinese women and children dressed very       Presbyterian at Eighth Street and the Good
Fourth Street and Allston Way.
                                                   elegantly in native costume when they went        Shepherd at Ninth Street. I had been the
    Mother had always been fond of flowers         to San Francisco to visit friends and relatives   organist and choir director in both of these
and when she emigrated from Norway to San          or to do their necessary shopping. All kinds      two churches whenever I was needed. The
Francisco she found great pleasure in raising      of people sat side by side in the one big car     bell at the church of the Good Shepherd was
a flowerpot garden. As my two sisters Clara        pulled by a locomotive as far as Shell Mound      faithfully tolled by my former neighbor Frank
and Elise grew up, they also were interested       Park, where passengers had to transfer to the     Chase. He never missed tolling that bell for
in raising plants. Having a garden growing in      East Berkeley train of three or more cars that    fires as well as for services. Every human being
flowerpots made it possible to take it with you    connected with the ferryboats to San Francisco.   within hearing distance responded to that call.
whenever the family moved to another house.        The Chinese and their village gradually
                                                                                                         Often the quiet of our Sundays was
By the time we moved to Berkeley there was a       disappeared as more white people moved to
                                                                                                     disturbed by dance music. The block of
whole truckload of plants that were later put      Berkeley and secured jobs in the soap factory.
                                                                                                     land situated between University Avenue
into the ground at the new home. Many more         This was the only soap company west of the
                                                                                                     and Bristol Street, and Third and Fourth
were added to the collection later.                Rocky Mountains and did a large business.
                                                                                                     streets, was enclosed with a six-foot high
   We loved and enjoyed our country garden            Adjacent to Chinese Camp facing Third          board fence and called Willow Grove
home more than words could ever tell. The          Street, there was a row of three-room cabins,     Park. At the southeast corner of Third and
land in front of our pioneer home was a            painted red. These were built for the white       Bristol streets there was a very large dance
big vacant field. The Overland trains ran          families employed by the soap factory.            pavilion in this park. Crowds came from San
on Third Street. On the west side Captain          In the middle of that same block of land          Francisco on Sundays to enjoy a day’s outing
Thomas, who owned a fort on the North              between Allston Way and Bancroft Way, the         in the country. The ferryboat at the end of
Berkeley hills, had in 1878 erected a five-story   superintendent of the factory lived in a large    University Avenue transported these crowds
building called the Standard Soap Company.         two-story house. A large and beautiful garden     of picnic people. They had to walk about two
This factory covered an entire block of land.      surrounded it. This was the Dowling home. I       blocks from the boat to Willow Grove Park.
In back of it there was a grove of almond,         often played with the two Dowling children,
                                                                                                        A few years later the land was sold and
willow, oak and eucalyptus, commonly called        a boy and a girl, who lived in that house.
                                                                                                     then it ceased to be a pleasure park. The new

4	       Berkeley Historical Society Fall 2010
owners rented the land to a retired opera         and from school. This is before the wooden        had a row of good-looking colonial cottages
singer, Pedro Marsicano. He prepared the land     sidewalks were built. Anywhere else the water     built on lots that were 25 to 50 feet wide.
for truck farming and raised fine vegetables.     was four or five feet deep. Boys made rafts       These homes were on both sides of the street
                                                  and poled them all around in the lake. Parents    between University Avenue and Addison
    On the northwest corner of University
                                                  worried for fear some child would be drowned,     Street; as far as the soap factory.
Avenue and Second Street in a two-story
                                                  but outside of a good drenching and a heroic
building used as a rooming house, there                                                                 One winter the sea grew very angry
                                                  rescue nothing serious happened. Some children
was a library. It was named the Ocean View                                                          and changed its course. The waves came in
                                                  caught very heavy colds from playing in the
Reading Room and was in a very large room                                                           unusually heavy and beat fiercely on the cliffs
                                                  water. These colds were called “La Grippe,” the
on the first floor. Many tables were stacked                                                        behind these houses, crumbled the clay banks
                                                  Grip, and were similar to influenza.
with newspapers and magazines. I spent                                                              and almost toppled the houses over. Braces
many happy hours in that place. The cocoanut         The house on the middle of the west            and stilts were put under the houses and they
oil factory, El Dorado Oil and Fertilizer         side of the block on Fifth Street, between        remained so for a few years when they had
Company, had been in that location for a long     University Avenue and Addison Street,             to be moved to other locations. One cottage
time. This is just north of the Overpass.         was built in the center of the pond during        is still in existence on the northeast corner of
                                                  the summer of a dry year. When wet years          Addison and Sixth streets.
   The Ocean View Hotel, a large and well-
                                                  came, the family was marooned. They
built building, two stories high, was owned                                                             West Berkeley had two meat markets.
                                                  couldn’t get out. Fortunately their basement
and operated by the Doran family; Jimmy                                                             Mr. Charles Storck, a butcher, had his on the
                                                  was high enough so that the water did not
Doran, a son, became a priest. Later the                                                            southwest corner of University Avenue and
                                                  cover the floor. After a few years of such
Maloney family took charge of the hotel for                                                         Fifth Street. The other one, owned by Mr.
                                                  inconveniences, the town fathers had elevated
many years. Most of the patrons of the Ocean                                                        Montrichard, was on the southeast corner of
                                                  sidewalks built on the west side of Fourth,
View Hotel and of Captain Knot’s Boarding                                                           University Avenue and Ninth Street where
                                                  Fifth and Sixth streets.
House, also on Third Street, worked at                                                              the Mobilized Women have their building
the Giant Powder and Du Pont Powder                  These walks were built of pine boards          at the present time. Both men slaughtered
Company’s plant located north of Berkeley.        and scantlings and were about four feet wide.     animals whose meat was sold in the market.
A wide veranda, with a shed roof over it,         They were two and three feet above the            The screams of the poor beasts could be heard
surrounded the Ocean View Hotel. When             ground. High grasses and mint started to          three blocks away. Neighbors were thankful
                                                                                                    when a law was passed that stopped this
                                                                                                    custom. Both butchers had covered wagons
                                                                                                    arranged like meat markets. The butcher
                                                                                                    wagons were drawn by horses to every house
                                                                                                    in town every morning. Housewives selected
                                                                                                    meat right by their doors.

                                                                                                        The northwest corner of University
                                                                                                    Avenue and Sixth Street was the location of a
                                                                                                    large two-story building. Five stores were on
                                                                                                    the lower floor. The second floor had a social
                                                                                                    hall called Sisterna Hall and also a lodge
                                                                                                    room that was used for a courtroom by Judge
                                                                                                    Penwell, Justice of the Peace. The”Judge”
                                                                                                    owned the building at that time. An open
                                                                                                    stairway on the west side about six feet wide
The Standard Soap Company 1892                                                                      served as the entrance. Below, in the corner
                                                                                                    store, Mr. Hirshfeld had a grocery and bar
                                                                                                    room. He bought all the fresh eggs that he
work was over, the guests, the manager’s          grow around these walks and you fancied you
                                                                                                    could get from the surrounding ranches and
family and the servants would sit on the          were walking on dry land until you stepped
                                                                                                    sold them to the commission houses of San
veranda to rest and enjoy the good fresh air.     too far to the side, then over you would fall
                                                  into the water. They were grand during dry
    West Berkeley, as Ocean View was called
                                                  seasons, but very shaky in wet years because         These eggs were stored in a room adjacent
in my childhood, extended from the beach to
                                                  sometimes they floated.                           to his store. He would trade groceries for
Seventh Street. From Seventh Street to San
                                                                                                    eggs or pay in money. Money was scarce those
Pablo Avenue was all farmland. The streets           After the great earthquake of 1906, the
                                                                                                    days. Most people had little bags of gold dust
were only wagon trails. A large pond in           big pond dried up and was filled in with all
                                                                                                    or nuggets saved somewhere. Sisterna Hall
summer that became a lake in winter covered       sorts of trash by the construction companies.
                                                                                                    was built by Philip Sisterna. Sr. He and his
the land between Third and Seventh streets        At the time it was still sparsely occupied.
                                                                                                    wife came from Chile. They bought about
and University Avenue and Addison Street.         There was a small creek outlet at the corner
                                                                                                    twenty acres of land from the Peralta’s. Their
My home was on the hill south of the lake. In     of Third Street and University Avenue where
                                                                                                    home was a well-built Queen Anne house
winter children had to take off their shoes and   the Southern Pacific Station is now located.
                                                                                                    located on the southwest corner of University
stockings to wade across the shallow water        The outlet flowed along the south side of
                                                                                                    Avenue and Sixth Street.
at Sixth or Seventh Street on their way to        University Avenue to the bay. Second Street
                                                                                                          Fall 2010 Berkeley Historical Society   5
    The Sisterna’s still farmed the block of      of them. During the week they looked quite        tongue. This brought me to my senses and,
land where they lived when I was a child.         disreputable when at work. They wore their        after thanking our rescuers, horse and I were
Their house was sold in 1906 and moved to         old clothes and cotton blue overalls. On          on the way home again. “Was the horse hurt?”
l0th Street near Channing Way, where it was       Saturday nights they came to the Sisterna         I seem to hear you ask. Well, yes, just a few
remodeled. The family had one Indian slave        Hall parties “dressed to kill.” Custom-made       cuts around the knee. These, with the help of
named Pedro. He slept in the barn with the        suits with new chaps, fancy flannel shirts,       a little medicine, healed up very quickly.
horses and was in demand at all times until he    bright silk ties and wonderful big hats with
                                                                                                       I never really owned any horse. I borrowed
died. Philip Sisterna, the 2nd, was the owner     elegant hatbands were worn. They sported
                                                                                                    them. As I always helped break in the
of the Sisterna Express Company. Many of          high-heeled shoes with spurs on the back
                                                                                                    neighbors’ horses, I was allowed to drive or
their descendants are still living in Berkeley.   of them. Twenty dollars was nothing for a
                                                                                                    ride them. The sugar you’ll remember was
                                                  cowboy to pay for handmade shoes. Some
   Sisterna Hall was the center of society.                                                         always in my pocket.
                                                  spent much more.
Parties were given by the settlers almost
                                                                                                       Early West Berkeley had a most beautiful
every Saturday night. People came from far          Could they ride horses? Oh, yes! They
                                                                                                    beach of white sand. Second Street was
and near. Splendid programs were given and        would run alongside and jump in the saddle
                                                                                                    directly in back of the beach. There were
                                                                                                    many shell mounds on both sides of Second
                                                                                                    Street, north of University Avenue. These
                                                                                                    mounds were built of clamshells by the
                                                                                                    Coastal Indians for burial places. When the
                                                                                                    mounds were removed to make way for the
                                                                                                    present-day factories, many Indian skeletons,
                                                                                                    stone utensils and arrowheads were found.
                                                                                                    The gruesome things were given to our
                                                                                                    University for study.

                                                                                                        The Everding Flour and Grist Mills were
                                                                                                    located in the early 80’s and 90’s (1880-1890)
                                                                                                    on both sides of Second Street between the
                                                                                                    shell mounds. Children used to enjoy hanging
                                                                                                    around the mills to see the grain ground into
                                                                                                    flour. Considerable grain was raised in Berkeley
                                                                                                    and the farmers kept the mills busy. Mr.
                                                                                                    Everding’s family had a nice two-story home
                                                                                                    on the northwest corner of Second and Bristol
                                                                                                    streets, with a beautiful garden around it. In
                                                                                                    the back yard there were chickens and ducks.

Sisterna Hall, 1880s                                                                                   Strawberry Creek flowed from the
                                                                                                    University grounds and zig-zagged across the
                                                                                                    farms on the south side of University Avenue
                                                                                                    until it reached San Pablo Avenue. Its banks
dancing followed. I was almost always on          and both rider and horse would whirl around
                                                                                                    were from ten to fifteen feet deep. The creek
the program to sing, play the piano or recite.    a half a dozen times and off they would go
                                                                                                    passed diagonally across the intersection of
I remember being sound asleep in bed and          with a yell, like a streak of lightning. The
                                                                                                    San Pablo and University avenues from the
wakened up to go to sing and play for the         horses would whinny at the sight or the
                                                                                                    southeast corner to the northwest corner.
crowd, because sometimes the talent they          sound of their masters. I learned to ride from
expected had not arrived by ten o’clock and       some of these fellows and the wilder the horse       Frederick’s Hotel was operated by
they just couldn’t keep the audience waiting      was the better I liked it. Mother used to stand   Fred Landregan and wife and was on the
any longer.                                       aghast and cried out, “You’ll get killed yet.”    northwest corner of San Pablo and University
                                                                                                    avenues where the American Trust Bank
   My parents did not like it but everybody           The worst that ever happened was that of
                                                                                                    Building is now. The hotel burned before we
had to be “a good fellow”or it would just be      falling into an open sewer (newly dug) one
                                                                                                    had a Fire Department.
too bad for you if ever you needed any help.      dark night when coming home from Oakland
I wish to give credit to the “Old Timers”         along San Pablo Avenue. The horse was badly          Strawberry Creek was no brook in those
for taking excellent care of their performers,    cut up and my nose was broken. I saw “stars”      days. It was a very full stream. In the winter
returning them home very safely. Not a hair       for weeks before the pain went away. Twenty       time the water filled the creek bed and
of my head was ever harmed. All kinds of          years later my nose was operated on and           overflowed the banks so that a whole block of
courtesy was shown to me.                         patched up.                                       land was inundated. There was a foot bridge
                                                                                                    next to the hotel for people to walk over. In
   Political meetings were also held in “The          The horse was pulled out of the ditch
                                                                                                    the middle of San Pablo Avenue there was a
Hall”. That was the time when you could see       by some other riders. They found me
                                                                                                    wooden bridge about six feet wide for horses
real cowboys. Every large ranch had many          unconscious. The first thing the mare did was
                                                                                                    and wagons to cross over.
                                                  to find me and lick my cheek with her rough
6	       Berkeley Historical Society Fall 2010
    Floods always carried the bridges away.        Justice of the Peace of Berkeley. Mr. Horton,     voice. He was very generous about singing for
Children going to school had to be helped          a very severe man who carried a cane to           school and civic affairs. I accompanied him
across. There were similar bridges on the other    trim any pupil who broke the rules, was the       on the piano many times. It was during his
streets west of San Pablo Avenue. The Seventh      principal when I was in the “baby class.” The     time that the Franklin School orchestra was
Street bridge was the most reliable. Children      next fellow, a Mr. H_______, was a good-          founded by me. Mr. SD Waterman, the first
trusted that one the most. It seldom floated       natured man who soaked his sore feet in a         Superintendent of Berkeley Schools, wrote a
away, but was sometimes covered with water.        basin of water under his desk while he taught.    very nice paragraph about our orchestra in his
                                                   That’s why I don’t dare mention his name. I       History of the Berkeley Schools.
    The first firehouse, The Beacon, was
                                                   was in his class and saw it.
located on the east side of Fifth Street, next                                                          The Franklin School orchestra lasted
to the creek. After crossing the intersection        Mr. Frank Warwick followed him. He              through twenty-six years. Many of its players
of San Pablo and University avenues the            was an excellent teacher, but was interested      became famous as musicians. Franklin School
creek wound along a crooked line between
University Avenue and Bristol Street to the
bay. It also passed between the shell mounds
and the grist mills.

    The first school I remember was a two-
room building erected on land donated by a
John Rooney, a farmer, in 1865 at the corner
of San Pablo Avenue and Virginia Street
where the Franklin School stands now. As
long as that land is used for school purposes it
will belong to the City of Berkeley; otherwise
it will revert to the Rooney heirs.
   The first schoolhouse was moved to Ninth
and Heinz streets opposite the Hawthorne
School. It is used for storage purposes. Later,
a building with four rooms, two upstairs and
two downstairs, with a hall and stairway in
the center was built. The old building was
joined to the new one at the rear with another
hallway between.                                   The Everding Flour and Grist Mill, 1880s
    Schoolhouse Creek flowed along the
northern side of the school grounds. Today it
                                                   in a ranch near Santa Rosa to which he soon       now grew so full that teachers had classes in
is locked up in a culvert beside Virginia Street
                                                   retired. Mr. Seaman was next. I graduated         the halls, basement and everywhere. People
next to the school. Willow trees grew a1ong
                                                   under Mr. Warwick, so did not have Mr.            moved into the neighborhood for the musical
the banks. It was a favorite place among the
                                                   Seaman for a teacher, but I heard he was too      advantages. Another building was needed.
children to eat their lunches.
                                                   small in size for his big country boys. Mr.       Burbank School was built and in 1915 the
   In 1884 the first-grade pupils were moved       Dudley Kierulf followed. He came from the         seventh and eighth grades moved over there,
across the street to the building that had been    Military Academy at San Rafael. He was very       taking Mr. Preston with them.
the first Post Office on the northwest corner      strict. I taught for a semester under him. He
                                                                                                        Mr. William Connell, a very highly
of San Pablo Avenue and Delaware Street.           was kind and pleasant to everyone, but those
                                                                                                     educated man, was the principal appointed
This is where I started to go to school. Miss      military ways of his made the children walk
                                                                                                     in Mr. Preston’s place. It was said that
Emily Squires, later Mrs. Charles Wiggin, was      the chalk line for him.
                                                                                                     Mr. Connell had higher degrees and
my first teacher. All the children loved her.
                                                       Mr. Kierulf married, became a lawyer          credentials than any president of a university
    Miss Squires “baby class,” as we were          and got a better position through his new         possessed. He was a very peaceful, quiet and
called, occupied that part of the building         relatives. Mr. James T. Preston was introduced    gentlemanly sort of man of the lawyer type.
formerly used by Captain Bowen, a retired sea      to the Board of Education by Mr. Kierulf          After retiring, he practiced law.
captain, as a trading post and a Post Office       as another good fellow from the San Rafael
                                                                                                         John E. Cuddback was his successor.
until his death. The family lived in the rear      Military Academy and was appointed. He
                                                                                                     Franklin School has been getting along
and on the second floor. The space where           was not as exacting as his friend was. In fact,
                                                                                                     smoothly for twenty years but now it is
the horses had been tied was fenced in for a       he was an entirely different type of man.
                                                                                                     shrinking. Factories are being built and
playground for the children. The toilets were
                                                      During Mr. Preston’s time the name             residents must move on. Each year a teacher
dugouts with small shacks built over them.
                                                   San Pablo Avenue School was changed to            must move on too, so I am at present at
   The first principal that I ever heard of,       Franklin School by a popular vote of all the      Thousand Oaks School in the Sunshine
until lately, was Mr. Gilman, for whom             pupils. Mr. Preston was very musical and          School. So far it has been very interesting
Gilman Street was named. Then Mr. Penwell          possessed a beautiful, well-trained baritone      work among very pleasant citizens.
came. He went into politics and was elected
                                                                                                           Fall 2010 Berkeley Historical Society   7
                          Calendar of Events
                                                                                         October 9 Walking Tour Cal’s Ghost
                                                                                         Campus, Berkeley Historical Society,
                                                                                         10:00 am. For more information, call
September 9 Lecture The New Deal in         September 18 & 19 Event Celebrate the
Alameda, Alameda Museum, 7:00 pm.           It’s It Ice Cream Bar, Playland-Not-at-the   October 10 Walking Tour Trail of Four
For more information, call 510-479-         Beach. For more information, call 510-       Cities, 9:00 am. For more information,
6489 or visit         592-3002 or visit www.playland-not-at-       call 510-520-3876 or visit www.
September 10 Walking Tour Main
Street South, Berkeley Architectural        September 23 Walking Tour The Rise,          October 17 Walking Tour Acheson Block
Heritage Society, 5:30 pm. For more         Fall and Rise Again of West Berkeley,        Neighborhood, Berkeley Architectural
information, call 510-841-2242 or visit     Berkeley Historical Society, 10:00 am.       Heritage Society, 11:00 am. For more                    For more information, call 510-848-          information, call 510-841-2242 or visit
September 11 Walking Tour Jack
London District, Oakland Heritage           September 25 Walking Tour Hill               October 23 Open House Meyer House,
Alliance,  10:00     am.   For   more       Climbers Power Walk, 10:00 am. For           Alameda Museum, 1:00-4:00 pm. For
information, call 510-763-9218 or visit     more information, call 510-520-3876 or       more information, call 510-479-6489 or                     visit                  visit

September 12 Walking Tour Tiles and         September 25 Open House Meyer House,         October 23 Walking Tour The Rise,
Terra Cotta in Uptown Oakland, Oakland      Alameda Museum, 1:00-2:00 pm. For            Fall and Rise Again of West Berkeley,
Heritage Alliance, 12:30 pm. For more       more information, call 510-479-6489 or       Berkeley Historical Society, 10:00 am.
information, call 510-763-9218 or visit     visit                  For more information, call 510-848-                                                                  0181
                                            September 26 House Tour Alameda
Septmber 16 Walking Tour Explore            Legacy Homes, Alameda Museum, 11:00          November 6 Walking Tour The
Charming Small Gardens in Fall,             am. For more information, call 510-479-      Artisans of West Berkeley, Berkeley
Friends of Five Creeks, 9:00am. For         6489 or visit          Historical Society, 10:00 am. For more
more information, call 510-525-7012 or                                                   information, call 510-848-0181.
                                            September 30 Lecture Berkeley 1900,
visit                                                                 November 20 Walking Tour The New
                                            Alameda Museum, 7:00 pm. For more
September 18 Walking Tour The 1923          information, call 510-479-6489 or visit      Ed Roberts Campus, Berkeley Historical
Fire, Berkeley Historical Society, 10:00                        Society, 10:00 am. For more information,
am. For more information, call 510-848-                                                  call 510-848-0181.
                                            October 3 Walking Tour Civic Center,
0181.                                                                                    December      4    Walking        Tour
                                            Berkeley Architectural Heritage Society,
                                            11:00 am. For more information, call 510-    Downtown: Where Nostalgia Meets
                                            841-2242 or visit www.berkeleyheritage.      Innovation, Berkeley Historical Society,
                                            org                                          10:00 am. For more information, call
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