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The Cold War

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					Chris Warden
 David Fuller
   JP Lemire
       Per. 4
Breakdown
                  Who
   Vladimir Lenin(1870-1924)
   Leon Trotsky(1879-1940)
   Marshal Tito(1882-1980)
   Mao Tse Dung(1893-1976)
   Imre Nagy(1896-1958)
   Wladyslaw Gomulka(1905-1982)
US Presidents + Soviet Leaders
 Harry Truman          Stalin
 Dwight D. Eisenhower  Malenkov
 John F. Kennedy       Krushchev
 Lyndon B. Johnson     Brezhnev
 Richard Nixon         Andropov
 Jimmy Carter          Chernenko
 Ronald Regan          Gorbachev
 George Bush Senior    Yeltsin
What – Origins
 Big Three
 Two powerful Allies in the world: US and
  Soviet Union
 Yalta Conference – different approach
  on structuring the East
 Postdam Conference
 Ideological Differences
     Beginning of Cold War
 Yalta conference
 Potsdam conference
 George F. Keenan writes Article X
 Winston Churchill gives speech on the
  Iron Curtain
 Truman Doctrine
 Marshall Plan
 Berlin Airlift
              Continued
 NATO founded + Warsaw Pact
 Soviets test their first nuclear bomb
 China declares itself communist: Civil
  War in China, communist win with
  support of Soviets
Iron Curtain
               1950’s
 Stalin Dies – Nikita Krushchev takes
  over
 Korean War begins
 38th parallel
 Operation Ajax
 France withdraws from Indochina
 Joseph McCarthy ordeal
 Foundation of SEATO
 Sputnik’s
         50’s Continued
 Castro takes over in Cuba
 Viet Cong
                1960’s
 France tests its first nuclear bomb
 U-2 incident
 Bay of Pigs
 Race to land on the moon
 Berlin Wall built
 Cuban Missile Crisis
 Partial Test Ban Treaty
 Kennedy Assassinated
          60’s continued
 US enters Vietnam War
 China tests its first nuclear bomb
 France withdraws from NATO
 Prague Spring
 “Vietnamization”
                1970’s
 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
 SALT I
 SEATO ends
 SALT II
               1980’s
 Miracle on Ice
 US Boycotts Summer Olympics in
  Moscow
 SDI ( Star Wars)
 Soviet allies boycott Summer Olympics
  in Los Angeles
 Berlin Wall torn down
 Malta Summit
                1990’s
 Germany re-unified
 Formal declaration of the end of the
  Cold War
USSR Propaganda
USA Propaganda
Gorbachev
 1985-1991
 1st Communist party leader to be born
  after the revolution
 Last Communist party leader
 Tale of 2 Gorbachevs…abroad and at
  home
Gorbachev
   Domestic Reforms
     Personnel Reforms
     Alcohol Restrictions
     Perestroika
     Glastnost
Gorbachev
   Foreign Affairs
     Western Relationships
     Decrease in Arms
     Withdrawal from Afghanistan (February,
      1989)
     Policy of Non-intervention with Eastern Bloc
      Nations
     Fall of Berlin Wall (1989)
Fall of Soviet Union
 Rising Nationalism
 Failure in Afghanistan
 Fall of Berlin Wall
 Effects of Perestroika, Glastnost


AND
1991 Coup
 Conspiracy
 Declarations of “state of emergency” and
  “soviet leadership”
     GKChP
 Yeltsin Reaction
 August 20th
 August 21st
1991 Coup
   End of Communist Party
     Yeltsin nationalizes Party Land
     November 6th Yeltsin terminates Party
     activity
Timeline- 40’s
   1945: February 4-11-- Yalta        1947: June -- Marshall Plan is
    Conference Cold War                 announced
    Begins                             1948: February -- Communist
   1945: August 6 -- United            takeover in Czechoslovakia
    States first used atomic bomb      1948: June 24 -- Berlin
    in war                              Blockade begins
   1945: August 8 -- Russia           1949: July -- NATO ratified
    enters war against Japan           1949: May 12 -- Berlin
   1945: August 14 -- Japanese         Blockade ends
    surrender End of World War         1949: September -- Mao
    II                                  Zedong, a Communist, takes
   1946: March -- Winston              control of China
    Churchill delivers "Iron           1949: September -- Soviets
    Curtain" Speech                     explode first atomic bomb
   1947: March -- Truman
    declares active role in Greek
    Civil War
50’s
   1950s                                  1956: October - November --
   1950: February -- Joe McCarthy          Rebellion put down in
    begins Communist witch hunt             Communist Hungary. Egypt took
   1950: June -- Korean War begins         control of Suez Canal; U.S.
                                            refused to help take it back
   1951: January 12 -- Federal Civil      1957: October 4 -- Sputnik
    Defense Administration                  launched into orbit
    established
   1953: June 19 -- Rosenberg             1958: November -- Khrushchev
    executions                              demands withdrawal of troops
                                            from Berlin
   1953: July -- Korean War ends          1959: January -- Cuba taken
   1954: March -- KGB established          over by Fidel Castro
   1954 -- CIA helps overthrow            1959: September -- Khrushchev
    unfriendly regimes in Iran and          visits United States; denied
    Guatemala                               access to Disneyland
   1954: July -- Vietnam split at 17th
    parallel
   1955: May -- Warsaw Pact
    formed
60’s
   1960: May -- Soviet Union              Treaty ratified
    reveals that U.S. spy plane was       1963: November -- President
    shot down over Soviet territory        Kennedy assassinated in Dallas,
   1960: November -- John F.              Texas
    Kennedy elected President             1964: August -- Gulf of Tonkin
   1961: April -- Bay of Pigs             incident
    invasion                              1965: April -- U.S. Marines sent
   1961: July -- Kennedy requests         to Dominican Republic to fight
    25% spending increase for              Communism
    military                              1965: July -- Announcement of
   1961: August 13 -- Berlin border       dispatching of 150,000 U.S.
    closed                                 troops to Vietnam
   1961: August 17 -- Construction       1968: January -- North Korea
    of Berlin Wall begins                  captured U.S.S. Pueblo
   1962: -- U.S. involvement in          1968: August -- Soviet troops
    Vietnam increased                      crush Czechoslovakian revolt
   1962: October -- Cuban Missile        1969: July 20 -- Apollo 11 lands
    Crisis                                 on the moon
   1963: July -- Nuclear Test Ban
70s
   1970: April -- President       and Syria attack Israel;
    Nixon extends Vietnam          Egypt requests Soviet
    War to Cambodia                aid
   1972: July -- SALT I          1974: August --
    signed                         President Nixon resigns
   1973: January -- Cease        1975: April 17 -- North
    fire in Vietnam between        Vietnam defeats South
    North Vietnam and              Vietnam
    United States                 1979: July -- SALT II
   1973: September --             signed
    United States helps           1979: November -- Shah
    overthrow Chile                of Iran overthrown;
    government                     Iranian Hostage Crisis
   1973: October -- Egypt
80’s + 90’s
   1983: -- President Reagan proposes            independent
    Strategic Defense Initiative                 1989: September -- Hungary becomes
   1983: October -- U.S. troops overthrow        independent
    regime in Grenada                            1989: November -- Berlin Wall falls
   1985: -- Iran-Contra Affair (arms sold to    1989: December -- Communist
    Iran, profits used to support contras in      governments fall in Czechoslovakia,
    Nicaragua)                                    Bulgaria, and Rumania; Soviet empire
   1985: -- Mikhail Gorbachev ascends to         ends
    power in Soviet Union                        1990s
   1986: -- Gorbachev ends economic aid         1990: March -- Lithuania becomes
    to Soviet satellites                          independent
   1986: October -- Reagan and Gorbachev        1990: May 29 -- Boris Yeltsin elected to
    resolve to remove all intermediate            presidency of Russia
    nuclear missiles from Europe                 1990: October 3 -- Germany reunited
   1986: November -- Iran-Contra Affair         1991: April -- Warsaw Pact ends
    revealed to public
   1987: October -- Reagan and Gorbachev        1991: August -- End of Soviet Union
    agree to remove all medium and short-         Cold War Ends
    range nuclear missiles by signing treaty 
   1989: January -- Soviet troops withdraw
    from Afghanistan
   1989: June -- China puts down protests
    for democracy; Poland becomes

				
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