New Zealand Population

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					New Zealand Population
Focus Question
      population change over time including: population
       totals, age-sex structure, natural increase
      population sustainability: capacity of the
       environment to support a population in the longer
       term.
      population diversity: composition of the population
       including ethnicity, age, sex
      population distribution: how and why population is
       spread across the landscape
      migration and mobility of a population including
       both external and internal migration trends
Census

  Class – Reading pg 139-142
  Copy in Census 2006 information pg 141
  Question pg 142
Population Change

  1. Changes related to population size and
   structure and associated issues.
  New Zealand’s population is constantly
   changing. The most noted change is the fact
   that since 1956 new Zealand's population has
   doubled!
  Copy in boxes on page 144 – 1956 and 2006.
  Construct your own choropleth map using
   outline map from pg 143
NZ population Change

  New Zealand’s population has gone
   through peaks and troughs but as a
   nation it has remained a constant
   growing trend.
  The main peak of New Zealand’s growth
   came during the 1860’s it was 20.7%
  What is Population Growth?
 Discussion what were the main things to
   affect NZ’s population since the 1800’s?
Growth Rate

  Growth rate: Growth rate is measured
   using the percentage change in
   population per year. A negative growth
   rate i.e. -4% shows that population is
   decreasing. A positive growth rate i.e.
   4% shows that the population is
   increasing by 4% each year.
  Growth rate= Birth rate-death rate+/-
   migration.
Population Change

  Population changes come due to a
   number of contributing factors.
  -Birth rate
  -death rate
  -immigration
  -emigration.
  Birth Rate – Death rate = Natural
   increase.
Population Change

  Pg 145
  Natural increase is what we get when we
   take death rate away from birth rate and
   it is what we have left.
  Natural increase is shown as rates per
   1000.
Population Change

  Birth rate = How many live births a
   country has per year displayed per 1000.
  Birth rate: The Baby boom from 1945-
   1966 saw the largest changes to the
   birth rates in New Zealand.
  Make a detailed list on the template
   below on the things that have affected
   the Birth Rate pg 34/35 145-146
Unit Question

    What is the equation used to determine a countries Growth Rate?
    What occurred to create a growth rate of 20.3% in New Zealand?
    What is the equation used to determine Natural Increase?
    Does New Zealand have more births or deaths per year?
    In 2006 what was NZ’s Birth rate?
    When did the Baby boom occur?
    Why did the Baby boom occur?
    Which of the four following statements is not true: The Baby Boom
     occurred because People started having larger Families – Older women
     who delayed having children started to have families – Women began
     getting married and having kids at a younger age – The government
     gave incentives for people to have children to replace the people lost in
     war.
    Give 3 reasons why NZ’s birth rate has declined in the last 40 years.
    Have Maori birth rates increased or decreased? Give 2 Reasons why
     they have.
Death Rate
  Death rate = How many deaths there are in a year
   displayed per 1000.
  Death rate: 7.54 deaths/1,000 population.
  Healthcare: TB, Polio, Typhoid yellow fever vaccines
  Quick
  Birthing procedures
  Accessibility of healthcare
  International aid
  Slowly
  Water quality improvements –cleaning up disease
  Better crop yields due to farming -
  Education – Hygeine, Nutrition, agriculture
Death Rate

  147 – Graph generalisation and create
   four bullet points.
  Natural Increase Timeline: With
   indication on what is happening to
   Natural Increase.
  Demographic Transition model
  Questions pg 150
Population Sustainability

  Notes on Sustainability = Where pop
   growth is taking place – Where resource
   consumption is taking place – What will
   happen if the population does increase –
   Technology to aid in development.
  Carrying Capacity – Overpopulation –
   Underpopulation.
  Questions.
Population Diversity

  Age- Sex structure: Understanding
   population Pyramids – What each
   shaped Pyramid means.
  Copy in Pyramids and explain shape.
  Various Ethnicities in New Zealand.
Population Pyramid
Ethnicity and employment

  What is Ethnicity?
  How is NZ’s ethncity changing over
   time?
  What groups make up the % of the
   population.
  What is making the changes to
   Employment in New Zealand.
Populations Structure

  Notes.
  Discussion of pyramid shapes and
   different reasons for them.
Ageing Population

    New Zealand has an Ageing population:
Ageing Population

  Ageing populations are when a nation
   has less people in the 0-14 age group
   and more in the 65+ age group.
  Copy in the paragraph above the graph
   pg 152 and copy in the graph pg 152.
Reasons for an ageing population

    People are living longer:
    Medical science has improved life expectancy
    The Baby boomers from 1945-1966 are getting near
     retirement.
    Fewer babies are being born.
    More women are choosing careers over families.
     Meaning they are having babies older. This is because
     there is a trend for people to become more affluent
     and establish living conditions before starting a family.
    Using fig 19.3: What is the male and female life
     expectancy in New Zealand?
Issues with ageing population

  Ageing populations place pressure on
   society: Using page 154 write
   paragraphs or brainstorm the issues
   associated with an ageing population.
  Do the same for the possible solutions.
Population Distribution

  New Zealand’s population is unevenly
   distributed. People generally tend to live
   in areas where relief and climatic
   conditions are favourable. Most people
   live on fertile plains, river deltas, rivers
   and close to the sea.
  Speculate where the population will be
   using map on w.b
  Notes on w.b from page 170
NZ’s increasingly urban pop

    Copy in paragraph then explain fig 23.3
    Explain fig 23.4 pg 172.
    NZ’s densely populated areas are influenced
     by certain features. Landforms, climate, soil,
     distance from the sea, minerals.
    Use 161+162 to explain how this is influenced.
    Structured overview print out.
    Do the same for cultural features.
Migration
  Migration is the movement of people from one country
   or locality to another.
  Two types of Migration:
  Internal = Movement within a country
  External = Movement across boundaries.


    Voluntary migration occurs by choice and is done by
     people to improve there life.
    These movement come down to the influence of push
     and pull factors.
    Create a table of push and pull factors using 21.1 to
     guide.
Migration
    A quarter of New Zealanders internally migrate
     once in every 2 years.
    Copy in bullet points pg 168
    Draw in map 168 21.2.
    Where do people go?
    NORTH: Since 1900 people have been
     moving north. The drift is not sudden but
     continuous, Auckland and Bay of Plenty are
     the two quickest growing regions in New
     Zealand.
    Why do we think this is?
NZ MIG

  Copy in bullet points pg 169.
  Rural Urban Drift and Urban to Rural
   Drift.
  Using paragraphs pg 169 make notes on
   why people move in these two directions.
  People moving away from Auckland

				
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