New Zealand Population
population change over time including: population
totals, age-sex structure, natural increase
population sustainability: capacity of the
environment to support a population in the longer
population diversity: composition of the population
including ethnicity, age, sex
population distribution: how and why population is
spread across the landscape
migration and mobility of a population including
both external and internal migration trends
Class – Reading pg 139-142
Copy in Census 2006 information pg 141
Question pg 142
1. Changes related to population size and
structure and associated issues.
New Zealand’s population is constantly
changing. The most noted change is the fact
that since 1956 new Zealand's population has
Copy in boxes on page 144 – 1956 and 2006.
Construct your own choropleth map using
outline map from pg 143
NZ population Change
New Zealand’s population has gone
through peaks and troughs but as a
nation it has remained a constant
The main peak of New Zealand’s growth
came during the 1860’s it was 20.7%
What is Population Growth?
Discussion what were the main things to
affect NZ’s population since the 1800’s?
Growth rate: Growth rate is measured
using the percentage change in
population per year. A negative growth
rate i.e. -4% shows that population is
decreasing. A positive growth rate i.e.
4% shows that the population is
increasing by 4% each year.
Growth rate= Birth rate-death rate+/-
Population changes come due to a
number of contributing factors.
Birth Rate – Death rate = Natural
Natural increase is what we get when we
take death rate away from birth rate and
it is what we have left.
Natural increase is shown as rates per
Birth rate = How many live births a
country has per year displayed per 1000.
Birth rate: The Baby boom from 1945-
1966 saw the largest changes to the
birth rates in New Zealand.
Make a detailed list on the template
below on the things that have affected
the Birth Rate pg 34/35 145-146
What is the equation used to determine a countries Growth Rate?
What occurred to create a growth rate of 20.3% in New Zealand?
What is the equation used to determine Natural Increase?
Does New Zealand have more births or deaths per year?
In 2006 what was NZ’s Birth rate?
When did the Baby boom occur?
Why did the Baby boom occur?
Which of the four following statements is not true: The Baby Boom
occurred because People started having larger Families – Older women
who delayed having children started to have families – Women began
getting married and having kids at a younger age – The government
gave incentives for people to have children to replace the people lost in
Give 3 reasons why NZ’s birth rate has declined in the last 40 years.
Have Maori birth rates increased or decreased? Give 2 Reasons why
Death rate = How many deaths there are in a year
displayed per 1000.
Death rate: 7.54 deaths/1,000 population.
Healthcare: TB, Polio, Typhoid yellow fever vaccines
Accessibility of healthcare
Water quality improvements –cleaning up disease
Better crop yields due to farming -
Education – Hygeine, Nutrition, agriculture
147 – Graph generalisation and create
four bullet points.
Natural Increase Timeline: With
indication on what is happening to
Demographic Transition model
Questions pg 150
Notes on Sustainability = Where pop
growth is taking place – Where resource
consumption is taking place – What will
happen if the population does increase –
Technology to aid in development.
Carrying Capacity – Overpopulation –
Age- Sex structure: Understanding
population Pyramids – What each
shaped Pyramid means.
Copy in Pyramids and explain shape.
Various Ethnicities in New Zealand.
Ethnicity and employment
What is Ethnicity?
How is NZ’s ethncity changing over
What groups make up the % of the
What is making the changes to
Employment in New Zealand.
Discussion of pyramid shapes and
different reasons for them.
New Zealand has an Ageing population:
Ageing populations are when a nation
has less people in the 0-14 age group
and more in the 65+ age group.
Copy in the paragraph above the graph
pg 152 and copy in the graph pg 152.
Reasons for an ageing population
People are living longer:
Medical science has improved life expectancy
The Baby boomers from 1945-1966 are getting near
Fewer babies are being born.
More women are choosing careers over families.
Meaning they are having babies older. This is because
there is a trend for people to become more affluent
and establish living conditions before starting a family.
Using fig 19.3: What is the male and female life
expectancy in New Zealand?
Issues with ageing population
Ageing populations place pressure on
society: Using page 154 write
paragraphs or brainstorm the issues
associated with an ageing population.
Do the same for the possible solutions.
New Zealand’s population is unevenly
distributed. People generally tend to live
in areas where relief and climatic
conditions are favourable. Most people
live on fertile plains, river deltas, rivers
and close to the sea.
Speculate where the population will be
using map on w.b
Notes on w.b from page 170
NZ’s increasingly urban pop
Copy in paragraph then explain fig 23.3
Explain fig 23.4 pg 172.
NZ’s densely populated areas are influenced
by certain features. Landforms, climate, soil,
distance from the sea, minerals.
Use 161+162 to explain how this is influenced.
Structured overview print out.
Do the same for cultural features.
Migration is the movement of people from one country
or locality to another.
Two types of Migration:
Internal = Movement within a country
External = Movement across boundaries.
Voluntary migration occurs by choice and is done by
people to improve there life.
These movement come down to the influence of push
and pull factors.
Create a table of push and pull factors using 21.1 to
A quarter of New Zealanders internally migrate
once in every 2 years.
Copy in bullet points pg 168
Draw in map 168 21.2.
Where do people go?
NORTH: Since 1900 people have been
moving north. The drift is not sudden but
continuous, Auckland and Bay of Plenty are
the two quickest growing regions in New
Why do we think this is?
Copy in bullet points pg 169.
Rural Urban Drift and Urban to Rural
Using paragraphs pg 169 make notes on
why people move in these two directions.
People moving away from Auckland