HUMANISTIC THERAPIES LAUREN KAFADARIAN P. 534-535 HUMANISTIC THERAPIES • People who undergo therapy and have symptoms of low self-esteem, feelings of alienation, failure to achieve, difficult relationships and general dissatisfaction with their lives should usually be treated by a humanistic psychologist. • They believe people are generally motivated by healthy needs for growth and psychological well being. • They emphasize the concept of a whole person engaged in a continual process of change. HUMANISTIC THERAPIES • Treatment techniques are based on the assumption that people have a tendency for positive growth and self actualization. • This may be blocked by an unhealthy environment that can include negative self-evaluation and criticism from others. • This conflict creates anxiety and unhappiness. CLIENT CENTERED THERAPY • Carl Rogers developed a method of therapy called client-centered therapy. • This therapy emphasizes an individual’s tendency for healthy psychological growth through self- actualization. REFLECTION OF FEELING • Carl Rogers’ main technique is called reflection of feeling. • This helps the client understand their emotions. • Therapists paraphrase the clients’ words, trying to capture the emotional tone expressed and acting as sort of a psychological “mirror” in which clients can see themselves. EXAMPLE OF REFLECTION OF FEELING Client: It probably goes all the way back into my childhood… my mother told me I was the pet of my father. Although I never realized it. And other people always seemed to think I was sort of a privileged one in the family… It’s just that the family let the other kids get away with more than they usually did me. Therapist: You’re not so sure you were a pet in any sense, but more that the family held you to high standards. C: M-hm. That's just what has occurred to me; and that the other people could sorta make mistakes, or do naughty things as children, but I wasn’t supposed to do those things. T: With somebody else it would be naughtiness, but with you it shouldn’t be done. C: That's really the idea I’ve had. I think the whole business of my standards… is one I need to think about carefully. T: Not sure you have any deep values which you are sure of. C: M-hm, m-hm. ROGERIAN THERAPY • The therapist assumes that people have healthy motives. • The motives can be distorted through social pressures and low self-esteem. • The therapist has to remove these barriers. • Research has shown that this type of therapy is most successful when the therapist provides the Rogerian qualities of empathy, positive regard, genuineness, and feedback.
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